raiXTEII A5TII VCBLISI!i:i, KVETIT TCKOAT,
Br IJLNGIIAM WHITE.
The subscription to the Western Carolinian
i's Three Dollars per annum, payable hull -yearly
OC No paper will be discontinued until all
arrearages arc paid, unless at the discretion of
the Editors; and any subscriber failing to give
notice of his wish to discontinue at the end of a
year, will be considered as wishing to continue
the paper, which will be sent accordingly.
, Whoever will become responsible for the
payment of nine papers, shall receive a tenth
Advertisements will be inserted on the cus
tomary terms. Persons sending in Adver
tisements, must specify the number of times they
wish them inserted, cr they will be continued till
ordered out, and charged accordingly.
No advertisement inserted until it has been
paid for, or its payment assumed by some person
in this town, or its vicinity.
(7AU letters to the editors must be post-paid,
or they will not be attended to.
iiomz ve f v goo ns.
fWMlll subscriber is now opening, at his Store
JL in Salisbury, a large and choice selection of
Dry Goods and Groceries,
vw-v-ir. w lnrh will km ..f ! MaJ- 1 hos- Alexander
and 1I kinds of country imidnm ror.oiloA 5.. Wallace Alexander, sen.
Ptphnw.. His ciistnmm mul tl.r r,LV, Cnarles Alexander M
.iV..ii.- :nf,ii i .'ames A. Alexander
f, tim,;iu. f miimmiv Hezekiah Alexander
Or Teachers cf the Art vf Surveying.
The subscriber proposes publishing a small
book under the follow ing title :
Tu Surveyors Auxiliary,
Alil l IIMKTICAI, TRIGONOMETRY ;
Containing rules for solving all cases which may-
occur in practical Surveying, by common A
rithmetic ; to which will be "added Tables of
Latitude and Departure.
W. MOORE, Surveyor.
Salisbury, J C. 82i'ld
The terms of subscription will be 1 for a
single copy, payable on receiving the work; but
any one becoming responsible for six copies,
shall receive a seventh gratis. Persons wishing
to subscribe, may signify the same in a note, d
Remaining in the Post-Office at Charlotte, V. C.
on the 1st of January, 1822.
A. - Vincent Ivans
a? Jenis Alexander William Jamison
James Alexander Marcus R. Kennidv
Lemuel II. Alsobrook Thomas Kirkpatrick
William Ainsworth, jr. Sarah Kimbel
Fclkcrd Auton L.
U. John Little. 3
And'n. & Kliz'th. llcaty S. W. Lindsay Sc Co. 2
i. A. Meaty
Anderson Iicaty, 2
Mary Raid win
Victor Crook, 2
Hail! first of Arts, source of domestic ease
Pride of the land, and patron of the seas.
Margaret A. Lawing
Thomas .1. Mabry
Messrs. W. & J.Cook, 2 Ilimclius Menclenhall
rccte d to the Post-Office in Salisbury, and the
HE subscriber having employed a compe- J hook will be sent to any l'osl-Officc they may
tent person, will keep on hand a constant
J$read and Crackers, and Cakes, cf ev
as well as the various articles usually kept in a
Confectionary Store, all of wliich he will dis
pose of on very reasonable terms.
Salisbury, Dec. 18, 1821. 80
a. K The celebrated Horse
JajfVs a.? p o . j: o .v.
15$ rfT T7,OIt terms, apply to the
rf-VJ - J subscriber. If not sold
previous to the 15th of February next, he will
again stand the ensuing Spring Season, in this
place. MICHAEL BROWN.
Salisbury, Dec. 3, 1821. 78UT5
THE subscriber respectfully informs the citi
zens of the Western section of N. Carolina
and the adjoining districts of S. Carolina, that he
has established the Jiook-Binding Business, in all !
N. R. The rule proposed has never yet ap
peared in any system cf surveying with which
the publisher has made himself acquainted, and
is calculated to find the difference of latitude
and departure without tables or instruments.
fTTHE subscriber wishes to employ, immedi
JL ately, two or three Journeymen Carpenters,
to whom good wages anil constant employ will
be iriven. He will also take two or three lads of
good character, as apprentices to the Carpen
ter's Business. None need apply but such as
arc sober and industrious.
Salisbury, October 3, 1821. C9tf
William A. Cannon
Dr. David T. Caldwell
Robert T. Cheek
Benjamin T. Curtis
Samuel M'Comb, 2
Joseph L. Orr
Rev. D. F.Christcnbury Francis Query
SO llollavs Wcwavil.
BROKE JAIL on the night of the 17th in
stant, a white man and two negroes. The
white man is by the name of John Prince, said
to have come from Grayson county, Virginia, who
was confined on a charge of counterfeiting mon
ey; he is about 35 vears of age, dark complex-
j ion, about five feet ten inches high. One of the
np'irnf'i! snvs he ramp frnm f!h:irhstnn. S. H. and
ot its various branches, m the town of bahsbary th Ms nmc Is nn, an(1 is a ninawav. hc ;s a
, "e hM taken Uic store formerly trim built fellow, of a middle size and age, has
hy Wood & kruler on Main-street, three doors bcen cro d or iost a piece of one ear, I think
north of the Court-IIouse. I)w, ' . f w,in. mm.
Having devoted considerable time to acquire
a competent knowledge of his business, in the
eity of Baltimore, the subscriber flatters himself
that he will be able to execute every kind of
work in liis line, in a style and on terms that will
give general satisfaction.
Merchants and others, can have Jllanh Books
ruled and bound to any pattern, on short notice,
as cheap and as well finished as any that can be
brought from the North.
Old Books rebound on the most reasonable
terms, and at short notice.
Orders from a distance, for Binding of every
description, will be faithfully attended to.
WILLIAM II. YOUNG.
Sulitbttriif June 8, 1821. 53
o rj F J-MIL subscriber respectfully informs !
fi. the citizens ot Salisbury and the
plexion, heavy built, thick lips, and a small scar
on his under lip, supposed to be about 35 years
of age, says his name is Owen, and is a runaway
from the stute of Georgia. It is thought by
some that Prince will pass for their master, and
perhaps sell them.
Any person that will apprehend them, and
'confine them in any jail, or bring them so that 1
get them again, shall receive the ahove reward,
and all. reasonable expenses ; or 10 dollars for
each or either of them.
WM. ARM FIELD, Sherijf.
Greensboro Guilford Co. .V. C.
November 2(5, 1821. SmtllM
rOURT of Pleas and Quarter Sessions, No-
John W. Frisbic
.lames II. Frascr
Rev. Isaac Greer
Richard T. Hickson
John B. Irwin
David Smith, 2
Sheriif of Mecklenburg
David A. Thompson
Rev. William Wilson
D. S. II. Zantv
WILLIAM SMITH, Post-Master.
Ttemaining in the Post-OJfice at Covcoun, . C.
rnott Ti:n American FAii'irn.
November, 2-!, 1321
In Number 33, third volume, of
your paper, Agricola, jr. solicits in for-
mation on tne subject oi inc culture
of cotton. Almost every plantation
in our country has a system ol its own
hence the difficulty of entering into
details. I have attempted a hasty
sketch of the most important objects
of attention in this culture ; and should
these hints be of any use to your cor
respondent, or to others, it will afford
me pleasure. In this culture, as in
most others, different soils require dif
ferent modes of preparation.
In light soils the plough only is us
ed in the formation of the fct beds" or
"ridges,5 which generally consist of
from three to five furrowss thrown to
gether. For this purpose the common shov
el plough is in most general use, as it
also is in the cultivation of the crop.
iNIy manner of preparation, however,
is somewhat different. xVly beds con
sist of five furrow slices, the first of
which is thrown nearlv in the centre
of the interval between the old beds,
(whether of cotton or corn, if the dis
tance suits) with Wood's patent plough,
followed in the furrow by a narroiv
shovel fourteen inches long. Two lur
row slices on each side are thrown to
the first, with the same plough, follow
ed in every furrow by the narrow sho-
Jan. L 1822: rt'Idch. if not tubeti out tirt'vioiia
to tteUt day of .iprii next, -wit lc sent to the velm On light soils this is deemed
General Post-Office, as dead letters.
LLISON S. William Khttts Gcorg-e
Alsohrook II. Lem'l. 2 Kirkpatrick Laird
mher sessions, 1821 : Martin Ucndleman
Jfjlifl , adjacent country, that he has removed . 7.?. Samuel Trott Original attachment, levied,
from his late residence on the north s'.de of the : he. It apncarinir to the satisfaction of the Court
Yadkin river, on the main road leading1 from that the defendant is not an inhuhitant of this
Salem to Danville, 15 miles from Salisbury, and ! State, it is therefore Ordered, that publication be
lias taken the house formerly occupied hv Capt.
Ja. Krider, in town, on Main street, a few doors
north of the Court-House ; w here he is prepared
to keep a House of Private Entertainment for
Travellers and citizens. He will at all times
furnish Stabling-, Fodder and Grain for Horses.
Salisbury Sept. 25, 1821. 78
N. 15. Eight or ten HOARDERS will be taken
at the customary prices in town.
W AN :v way from the subscriber, at Charlotte,
Mecklenburg rounty, N. Carolina, a Xeero
Hoy by the name of SIMON; dark complexion,
made for six weeks successive! v, in the Western
Carulinian, printed in Salisbury, that the defen
dant appear ut our next Court of Pleas and
Quarter Sessions to he held for the county of
liowan, at the Court-House in Salisbury, on the
third Monday in February next, then and there
to plead, or judgment will be entered according
to the plaintiff's demand. 6wt83
J NO. GILLS, Clerk.
f OHN WILLIAMSON, Joseph M'Connau-h-
99 ev. vs. Ann Cowan. Stephen Cowan. David
stout made, and five feet seven or eight inches , ym Cowan, and others In this case it is ordered,
hig-h. He speaks low when spoken to. It is ! that publication be made for six weeks in the
supposed that he will make towards the county ! Western Carolinian, that David F. Cowan and
of Frince William, Virginia, as he was pure li
in that county. I will irive the above rewa
the said negro is delivered to Isaac IVilte, Con
cord, Cabarrus county, or 25 dollars if secured in
any jail, and information given, so that I g-ct him
L AN WILIE.
-March 21, 1821. 5 J
ITU" cnlwrrihrr. vlir !
:u&uS22vCZja Ualeig-!! ana aiisburv, uv
way of Ilandolnli, Cliatham, Sec. respectfully in
forms the public, that he has fitted up an ciaire
NEW STAGE; which, added to other improve
ments that have been made, will enable him to
carry PASSENGEUS with as much comfort and
expedition as they can be earned by any line of j the Superior Court of Law. to be held for the
stages in this part of the country. The scarcity 1 county of Mecklenburg, at the Court-House in
ol money, the reduction in the puce ot produce, Charlotte, on the sixth Monday after the fourth
Stephen Cowan may appear at the next Supe
rior Court of Law and Equity, to be held for the
county of Mecklenburg, on the Cth Monday af
ter the 4th Monday of March next, and plead,
answer or demur, or the bill shall be taken pro
confesso, and judgment be entered against them.
6 82 D. II. 15 UN LAP, (. .If. C.
Stale ot ToYlAi-CiwolnvA.
SCI'EUIOR Court of L-v.v, Fall Term, 1S2L...
Margaret Duffey r. liobcrt DuH'ey Peti
tion for Divorce. It appearing to the satisfac
tion of Court, that liobert Duffey, the defendant
in this case, is not an inhabitant of this State :
Ordered, that publication be made for three
months, in the Ualeigh Star and Western Caro
linian, that unless he appear at the next term of
ice. demand a correspondent reduction in every
department of life : Therefore, the subscriber
lias determined to reduce the rate of passage
from eight to six cents per mile. Gentlemen
travelling from the West t- Ualeigh, or by way
of Ualeigh to the North, are invite I to try thi
subscriber's Stage, ai he feels inured it" only
needs a trial to gain a preference.
The Stage arrives in Salisbury every Tuesday,
3 or 9 o'clock, and departs thence for Ua'eigh
the sajvie day at 2 o'clock; it arrives in Ualeigh
Friday evening, and leaves there for Sdlisbery
hn Saturday at 2 o'clock.
132J, 5J JOHN LA'L
Monday in March next, and answer said petition,
it will be set for hearing ex parte, and a decree
made in favour of the petitioner. Witness
George Graham, Clerk of said Court, at Oflice,
the 6th Monday after the 4th Monday in Sep
tember, A. i). i:i2l, and m the 4Gth ear of
GEO. GUAHAM, Clerk S. C. L.
J'ov. C4, lSJl. 78m3
the Oflice of the Westers Cabousiax.
F the various kinds commonly in use, for sale
JT at the
sufficient, the intervals being left, until
the crop receives its first ploughing.
On stiff clay soils, this would be haz
ardous the five furrows are run, how
ever, in the same manner as in light
soils, the intervals are also ploughed
at the same time : it is not, however,
material in ploughing these, to go to
the same depth the whole is then
drawn together and shaped by the hoe.
This is to guard against the danger of
a drought in the spring, which would
so bake the land, us to render the break
ing of the middles extremely difficult.
These observations apply to the prepa
ration of lands that have been in culti
vation the year preceding. With
those that have been at rest, and on
which there is a large quantity of veg
etable matter, I would recommend a
The preparation on these should
commence as early as the 20th ot Au
gust. Deep furrows should be run at
the distance it is contemplated to have
the beds : all the grass, 8tc. should be
drawn with the hce into them ; the
whole surface should then be ploughed,
and followed by the hoe, so as to form
the beds immediately over the vege
table matter. It is important to com
mence and to finish this operation ear
ly, to insure the complete rotting cf
VuhYlC lloWSfc to TUt. the matter thus drawn into the iurrows,
the last Thursday in January, (the 31st beore tne COtt.n PiQllt UeSl,nS lu i J
nst.) will be rented, at the Court-House in its long tap root into the eartn. Should
Alexander P. Caleb
Han-is S. James Dr. 2
Harris James Maj.
Harris Charles Dr.
Hunt Mcmucan, 2
Harris S. Elam Dr.
Hall Uobcrt, 2
L Locke C. David
Means W. John
M'Kinly John, 2
Miller George, 2
M'Uee A. Uichard, 2
Phifer F. John
Phifer A. George
Wilson M. John Rev. 3
D. STOJIKE, A. P. M.
saiistmry, me large anu commodious House and circumstances delay the preparations
premises now occupied by Capt. Thos. Holton. r-u 1 t-q-
1 Also, at the same time and place, two back untli after Christmas, in clay soil par-
Lots, belonnnr to the estate of the late Francis ticularlv, It IS then best, I think, to
Guardians to the heirs of
P. Coupee, ilecd.
Salisbury, Jan. 15, 1822. 3wt86
' Journeymen Tailors.
turn the vegetable matter under with
the plough, and form the beds witn tne
hoe. The distance between the beds
will depend of course upon the quali
ty of the soil. On lands capable of
producing from 10 to 15 bushels of
corn, they should be, about 4 ft. apart,
opened with the corner of a hoe, the
seed dropped carefully into it, and co
vered with rakes, as lightly as possi
ble, the coverers, taking care to move
the rake lengthwise of the beds, to
prevent the teth removing the seed
from the drill. The seed are to be
rubbed, before planting, with dirt, or
ashes which is better, and a moderate
quantity of water, to enable the sow
ers to drop with regularity. The
quantity of seed to the acre, depends
on the lightness or stiffness of the soil ;
m light land from three to five bushels,
in stiff from 10 to 15. So soon as the
cotton begins to come up, it should be
lightly drawn down with the hoe. In
stiff clay soils, it is sometimes neces
sary to perform this operation, to ena
ble it to come through, as it frequent
ly happens that a heavy fall of rain,
followed by hard winds, may form u
crust over the seed, which, if cut on
each side of the drills, the seed, in
coming up, will easily throw off. Tha
drawing down is followed by a close
ploughing to the cotton; it is then
carefully drawn up with the hoe, and
all the loose dirt drawn to the bed.
At this stage it is proper to give it its
first thinning the best and most ex
peditious mode of doing which, is to
put a few of the most intelligent hands
to chopping it out with the hoe, imme
diately before those who are drawing
up. A practised hand will go over
four acres per day, (if the rows are not
nearer than five feet,) and remove ail
but five or six plants, the fine dirt is
then drawn carefully round these. So
soon as tne lourtli leal maices us ap
pearance, it is then thinned by hand,
to two stocks ; when these begin to
grow finely, draw all out but one.
There is a great variety of opinion as
it regards the proper distance in the
drill ; my own experience is decidedly
in favor of great distance in no land,
lowever poor, would I have it nearer
than 9 inches, and in the best low
grounds from two and a half to three
feet. The cultivation of the crop de
pends much on the season. If dry,
plough and draw dirt to the cotton,
and cover the young grass ; if wet,
draw the grass lightly from the cot
ton ; plough, and then earth up as ear
ly as the weather will permit. This
system of ploughing and hoeing is to
be continued, until the cotton becomes
so large as to be injured by the plough
passing through it : it must then be
chopped over with the hoe until the
crop is made, of which a judgment
may be formed, by its beginning to o
pen freely at the bottom. From five
to seven acres is the usual crop to the
hand, exclusive of corn. Ten hands
could cultivate one hundred acres of
cotton with ease ; but if a good crop it
would require twenty to pick it out. I
have never planted in hills, because I
think the drill has many advantages,
not only in the culture of cotton, but
of every other crop. The isinglass is
generally deemed the best soil for the
production of cotton it is beyond a
doubt the most certain ; but any land
that produces good corn, in a proper
latitude, will produce good cotton. In
low grounds a dry season is preferred,
because with common industry the
crop can be kept free from grass, which
is all important ; high lands will bear
more rain, because they may be work
ed in all seasons. I have never seen
any work on the subject of "the cul
ture of cotton," nor do I believe such
an one has been printed. I believe I
have now answered all the interroga
tories of Agricola, jr. and if done to
his satisfaction, I shall be truly grati
fied. A Short Staple Cotton Planter.
JL' atelv, three or four sober and industrious from 15 to 25 bu's 5 feet, from 30 to
Journeymen Tailors, to w hom liberal wages and 50 bus 6 ft. 50 to 70 bu 7 ft. ; and
constant employ will be triven. 0 f T ,l00 ,,fn:. r
; WILLIAM DICKSON. ? t" sufficient space for any
Salisbury, January 1, l$22. 6 S3 land, it well tninned in the drill, it
is important to be in readiness to plant,
NO TIC 1Z. so soon as all dancer of frost is over ;
i LL person Indebted to the subscribers, one week in the first of the season, 15
1. either b book account or note, are once worth a fortnight in the latter part of
more eamesttu requested to call and make pay- - T ,r , . v C.
ment on or before the last day of rebruary next xU 1 generally plant the first open
Those who tail to uttciul to this notice, may weather after the 20th ot 'March, al
expect to find their notes and accounts in the wavs reserving seed sufficient for re
hands o an officer for collection. "I p !-.,. o.-.
COW W c VAll planting in case oi accident. vJn tne
chaibtte, Jan, 7, ISC?, 4wtsr centre ol tne uett, a narrow trencn is
One of the lower order of Ranting
Preachers, not many miles from Bol-ton-in-the-Moors
lately addressed his
auditory in the following metaphorical
language : tfc I dare say you'd all pay
to see a boxing match between Turn
er and Randall ; but vou don't like to
pay to see a pitched battle between me
and Beelzebub. Oh, my friends, ma
ny a hard knock and many a cross but
tock have I given the black bruiser for
your sakes ! Pull ! do pull off these gay
garments of mammon ; strike the De
vil a straight blow, and darken his spi.
ritual day lights. Hit him manfully,
and I'll be your bottle holder. I ask
ed nothing but your money, which I
hope you'll not forget before you go."