rHOM THE tlUU'.ESTuV COLTiItB.
Love wrote a billet what do you think
AVas Love's paper, pen and ink ?
Not such thirds as :r:0i-t;ils t;v:.r ;
Ink of sable, quill of rjorw,
I'ewter stand, and pap ;r wove
Out of rags, wont do for J.oc
lie cut the heart of a Iov-- in K. ,
And mixed the drops with honey dr.v ;
In an amber vase he placM it then,
And went to seek for a lover's pen.
lie plucked a ray from the setting sun,
A plume of light, as the day is done,
Tor Love is warm, tho night invades,
And Love is bright among the shades.
He waited till the stars arose,
lire he his billet would compose ;
lie wro'n- on rose leaves, newly blown,
Uccause their fragrance is his own.
A glass of ccJtHhtir? he quaffed,
Then laughing wrote, and writing laughed.
" Jf e were for each (.ther born,
" We arc from each other torn ;
( Where wc should, then let us be,
( Jwith i'ou, and you with vie.'
Love copied then his Iiillct-Doux,
One for mc and one for you ;
lie sealed them with his own dear kiss,
And sent them by the mail of bliss.
Variety's the very spice of life,
That gives it all its flavor.
MAJOK GENERAL Gil ERNE.
From the 2d volume of President D wight's
"The Honorable Nathaniel Greene, a
Major General in the army of the U.
States, and during the latter part of
the revolutionary war, Commander in
Chief of the army in the Southern
States, was a citizen of Providence.
This gentleman was born at Warwick
in the year 1740. His parents were
of the sect of Friends. In early life
he was fond of study and reflection :
and particularly attached to the histo
ry of military transactions. In Prov
idence he established himself as a
merchant; and acquired a distinguish
ed character in the estimation of his
fellow citizens. After the battle of
Lexington, he went as Brig. General
at the head of three regiments to
Cambridge. In August. 17T6, he was
raised to the rank of Maj. General ;
and very honorably distinguished him
self in the following December and
January, by his gallant behaviour at
the battles of Trenton and Princeton :
as he did the succeeding year in the
battle of Germantown. In March,
1778, he accepted the place of Quar
ter Master General, on the condition
of retaining his rank, and his com
mand during the periods of action.
This year he signalized himself, June
28th, at the battle of Monmouth, and
:n the action on Rhode-Island the fol
After the defeat of Gen. Gates at
Camden, August 1G, 1780, he was ap
pointed to the chief command of the
military force in the Southern States.
Upon this command he entered in cir
cumstances, which would have dis
couraged almost any other man. Af
ter the miserable defeat above men
tioned, that part of the country was,
in a sense, overrun by the British.
3Iultitudes of the inhabitants had al
ready joined the enemy. Multitudes
more were on the point of following
their example. The rest, tho' suffi
ciently firm and resolute, were contin
ually wounded by the defection of their
neighbours, and perpetually in fear of
t j ravages of invasion. Col. Wil
liams had, indeed, with the aid of his
jrenerotis companions, Tracy, Banan,
Campbell, Shelby, and Cleveland,
checked the progress of the enemy by
the gallant action at King's mountain ;
:.s h.sd Gen. Sumptcr by two honorable
forts at Broad and Tigtr rivers.
But their force was too small to ob
struct, in any serious degree, a well
appointed and victorious army, com
manded by officers of distinguished
In these circumstances Gen. Greene
commenced the arduous business of re
covering this country from the British.
At his arrival, he found himself at the
head of 3000 men, including 1200 mi
litia. These he divided ; and sent one
part under Brig. General Morgan in
to the district of Ninety-six ; the oth
er he himself led to Hick's Creek on
the north side of the Pet-dee. Mor
gan was attacked by Lt. Col. Tnrltnn,
a brave and skilful partisan, at the head
of a superiour force. But he repul
sed the attack, ai.d gained a complete
victory. Lord Cornwallis, with the
whole British army, pursued Morgan's
detachment; at the head of which
General Greene, after a rapid journey,
daced himself, and conducted it with
.uch felicity and success, as to reach
.v main body, in spite of one of the
:iost vigorous pursuits in history, lie
is however, still pursued with the
, tme celerity until he arrived in Vir
inii: but he completely eluded the
v igilance of the enemy.
The moment the pursuit ceased, hav-.
ing received a reinforcement, he march-
ed after Lord Conwallis ; and gave him
battle at Guilford Court House, now
Wartindale. Victory declared for the
British ; but cost them so dear, as to
produce all the consequences of a de
feat. Lord Cornwallis retreated.
Greene immediately following him,
and finding that he was directing his
course to Virginia, returned to South
Carolina, and marched at the head of
1100 men within a mile ot Camden,
then defended bv Lord Kawdon with
900 men. i he British Commander
ittacked him. He was again defeat
ed ; but with so little advantage to the
victors, that his lordship found himself
obliged to burn a considerable part of
his baggage, and to retire to the south
side of the Santee. Greene, in the
mean time, directed his several detach
ments with such skill, and the highly
meritorious officers, by whom they
were led, employed with such activity
and gallantry, that a great part of the
British posts in Carolina, and Georgia,
were rapidly re-taken, and a consider
able number of the troops, by which
they were defended, made prisoners.
He then made an unsuccessful attempt
on the post at Ninety-Six ; and was
obliged to raise the siege by the ap
proach of Lord Haw don lie next
moved his force to the south side ot
the Congaree. The British having
collected theirs, passed that river also,
and took post on the Kutaw Springs,
on the south side of the Santee. Here
Greene determined to attack them in
their encampment ; and the consequence
of his attack was a victory, which en
ded the war in this part of the Union.
Gen. Greene took the command of the
southern troops near the close of the
year 1780. The battle of the Cow
pens fought on Jan. 17th ; and that of
the Eutaw Springs on the Gth St pt. fol
lowing. The troops under his com
mand were chiefly new raised, hdf
armed, half clothed, and often half fed.
Thev were, however, brave determin
ed men ; and wanted nothing but the
usual advantages of war, to meet any
soldiers in equal numbers, on fair
ground. Within nine months, there
fore, did this illustrious man, aided by
a band of gallant officers, recover with j
these troops the three Southern States
from a veteran army of superior force,
commanded bv officers of great merit,;"
and furnished with every accommoda-1 to the many signal interpositions of
tion. The country he found in a state Providence in favor of the American
of extreme suffering and despondency, cause.
His progress through it was a source The following letter was written by
of perpetual personal hardship, intense Charles Thomson, Esq. to W. Bar
labour, and unremitted anxiety. Sev- ton, Esq. enclosing him a copy of the
en months was he in the field, without device :
taking oil his clothes, even lor a single
iaiv:ii vjii no . hjh ivo, v. v i wj OIK . 1 am IliUi
night. At times he was obliged to!for the perusal of
ask bread of his own soldiers ; them-! Heraldry which I n
selves miserably supplied with food.
Yet he never desponded. u Nil des
pcrandum" was the motto of his mili
tary lfe. The vety letters, which con
veyed to Congress, and to general
.Washington, accounts of the difficul
ties with which he struggled, contain
also, proofs of his invincible fortitude
and resolution. When he was advis
ed, after he had retreated' from Nine
ty-six, to retire into Virginia ; he an-
cu.r.l uT .v;il recover South Cnroli-'
su creel, w in reco cr aoutn L,aroti
na, or die."
With this gentleman I was well ac-
. i ti: .1.
miaiiueu. ins ncisou v auuvc inc.,,:, . ,. . ' i i . i r
1 . . 1 , I he Chiet m our arms, on the horizontal hues
middle stature, well iormed, and in-, jM tne upner quarter of the escutcheon, or ca-
vested with uncommon dignity, tiis
mind, possessed of vast resources, was
bold in conceiving, instantaneous in
discerning, comprehensive in its grasp,
and decisive in its determinations.
His disposition was frank, sincere,
amiable and honorable ; and his man
ners were easy, pleasant, affable, and
dignified. Seldom hab the woild wit
nessed superior respectability.
This great man died. Tune 19th, 17SG,
at his own house in Georgia, when he
had commenced his -ITth year."
rrunr the riTrsri r.u r.AztTTE.
Arms cf the United State:;. Altho'
the study of KeraMrv may not be very
amusing to our Republican rentiers,
vet, as the eagle with extended wings
grasping the arms of war and olive of
peace, is constantly presented to our
eyes, in some way or other, it may not
be uninteresting to give a history and
an explanation of the arms of our cotin-trv.
In .Tune, 1T82, when Congress was
about to form an amorial device for a
seal for the Union, Charles Thomson,
Esq. the then Secretary, with the Hon.
Dr. Arthur Lee, and E. Boudinot,
members of Congress, called on Mr.
William Barton, and consulted him on
the occasion. The great seal for which
Mr. Barton furnished these gentle
men with devices was adopted by
'.Congress cn the 29;h of June, 1T82.
l'h-. device is as follows :
Anns. Paleways of thirteen pieces,
argent, gules, a chief azure ; the es
cutcheon on the breast of the Ameri
can Eagle, displayed proper, holding
in his dexter talon an olive branch, and
in his sinister a branch of thirteen ar
rows, all proper ; and in his beak a
scroll, with the motto, iC plurlbiis
The Breast Over the head of the
Eagle, which appears over the escutch
eon, a glory, or breaking through a
cloud proper, and surrounding stars,
forming a constellation, argent on an
Reverse A pyramid unfinished.
In the zenith an eye in a triangle,
surrounded with a glory. Over the
eye these words, " Annuit cccptls"
Remarks and explanations The es
cutcheon is composed of the chief pale,
the two most honorable ordinaries. The
thirteen pieces pale represent the sev
eral states of the Union, all joined in
one solid compact entire, supporting a
chief which unites the whole and rep
resents Congress. The motto alludes
to the Union.
The pales in the arms are kept close
ly united by the chief, and the chief
depends on that Union, and the strength
resulting from it, for its support, to de
note the confederacy of the States, and
the preservation of the Union, through
The colors of the pales are those used
in the fLig of the United States of
America. White signifies purity and
innocence : red, hardiness and valor ;
and blue, the color of the chief, signi
fies vigilance, perseverance and justice.
The olive branch and arrows denote the
power of peace and war, which is ex
clusively vested in Congress.
The crest or constell dion denotes a
new State taking its place and rank a
mong other foreign powers.
The escutcheon borne on the breast
of an American Eagle, without an'
other supporters, denotes that the Uni
ted States ought to rely on their own
The pyramid on the reverse signi
fies strength and devotion ; its iinnn-
ished state refers to the infancy of the
American government. The eye over
it, and the motto, " Amvtit coeptis"
He sanctions our endeavors," allude
"Sir : I am much obliged to you
the Elements of
now return. 1 have
just dipped into it so far as to be able
to be satisfied that it may alford a fund
of entertainment, and may be applied
by a state to useful purposes.
ifc I enclose you a copy of the device
by which you have displayed your skill
in heraldic science, and which meets
with general approbation.
In Heraldry, Argent signifies white, Gules,
rc aml Vnre buc ; v hcre thcse colors cunn,)t
'he emblazoned, thc-v are renrc -seated on seals.
be emblazoned, thev are represented on seals.
j - a
&c. as follows, Argent by a perfect blank ; ltcd
bv perpendicular, ami Azure bv horizontal lines.
gic s breast.
IWr. Campbell the Editor of the
New London ?Ionthly Magazine, in
his number for December last, has en
tered pretty warmly into a defence of
the American character. He says,
" he has no desire to excuse himself
for one article, which has given cfiVnce,
rather too justly, cn the other side of
the Atlantic. lie inserted it without
reflection, but had observed its unfair
ness, and felt dissatisfied with himself
or having published it, long before tin
fair and temperate reply which TIr.
Everitt made to it reached him." In
r jK-ukinir of a friend's communication,
whose object is to do away the literary
feuds bt -rween Engl ami and A merit i
l ut whose manner of effecting this
purpose he censures, jNIr. Campbell
observes, " for his owi. part he belie e
he has known more Americans thai
the w riter of that paper. Possibly in
1 the course of his life, not less than a
hundred men of various vocations, I
characters and degrees of education. !
He has argued with them, and heard '
them artrue on national suhiects : but j
he can safely declare that he never
thought them more boisterous than j
other men : on the contrary, rather dis- i
tinguished, in general, by coolness and I travels of their souls to a miserable
self-possession. Exceptionsof warmth, j eternity ! He kindled the fire so last,
as among the people of all countries ; and fired upon the people so vehement
when their prejudices are ruffled, he ; ly, that it alarmed the very faculty, and
may have observed ; but unmeasured i made them depart fully convinced, that
hatred or redress, never." After com- j what was in itself an unlucky accident,
plaining of the bitterness, which En- , had been a powerful premeditated
glish publications mingle with their oc- I scheme of the preacher, to rebuke their
casional acts of justice towards this ' dissoluteness, and bring them to repen
country, we have the following judi- : tance. In some years after he divul-
cious remarKS. uy wrangling witn ;
the only nation that speaks English, we
render the only loreign newspaper
that an uneducated Englishman can
read, to the utmost extent in our power,
a gazette for his causes of discontent.
If the American press be despicable,
the surest token of our contempt would
be silence if it be formidable, it is
better to be at peace than at war with i
lt. it America nas oeen violent m tnis . man um: uumiiauuu mo uU ,
war of words, it is clear that we have : vain man is satisfied if he can but ob
not been moderate. It were better ! tain it : pride by stateliness demands
that the language recording the ties of respect ; vanity by little artifices soli
an American affinity to us, were not ' cits applause : pride, therefore, makes
the only one, perhaps in the world, in I men disagreeable, and vanity ridicu
which he can read humiliating truths ; lous.
or irritating falsehoods about his coiin- j Whoever appears to have a great
try, and expressions of contempt. j deal of cunning, must, in reality, have
How degrading to both countries was : but very little ; for if he had much, he
the spectacle, when the American j would have enough to conceal it.
press accused Englishmen of stirring ! The vice of ingratitude cannot be
their punch with the amputated fingers so frequent as it is usually represented ;
of Irish rebels and when England re- ; because the instances of real and dis
torted by charging "American parents interested obligations, from whence a
with letting their children run drunk j lone it can proceed, are very rare.
about the streets." His observations ; He, who will not change his princi
on this topic are thus handsomely con- j pies, will find himself, in a little time,
eluded: "the sober part of the British j under a necessity to change his party
community will scarcely require an ex- j
cuse for his having spoken thus res- j
pectfullv of the Americans. It was a
duty peculiarly imposed upon him by
the candid manner of Air. Everiit's
reply ; and it was otherwise, as he felt
in his heart, deservedly claimed by a
people eulogized by Burke and Chat
ham by a land that brings such recol
lections to the mind as the wisdom of j
Washington and Franklin, and the he- m
roism of Warren and Montgomery.
Anecdote of a preacher in Paris, known by the
name ot little tuther Andrew.
A quick presence of mind often res
cues a man from gross mistakes, into
which he may have unavoidably plung
ed ; as for instance: The little doc
tor being to preach one day in the
church of his convent, in order that
no part of his time should go by un
occupied during the prayers previous
to the sermon, was playing a game at
cards in his room with an inmate ; but
the bell ringing for him to mount the
pulpit, just as they were in a warm de
bate about the hands they held, he said
he could not then stay to decide the
matter, therefore tucked both up into
the sleeve of his gown, for a fair dis
cussion of the matter after sermon.
The subject of the discourse was the
immorality of the times, the too great
indulgence ot the dangerous passions,
particularly of gaming, against which
he inveighed with all the warmth and
zeal he was master of ; and both which
he could affect to an amazing degree.
But when carried awav by the torrent of
his declamation, on finding the people
very attentive to him, he raised up his
hands to Heaven, to intercede for
them ; down from his sleeve, that had
been somehow loosened bv the vehe
mence of his gesticulation, fell the two
hands of cards, which incident made
some people look with a pious concern.
The little doctor, whilst others burst
into a violent fit of laughter, stunned
for a moment at so unexpected a dis
aster in the midst of his sermon, that
had gone on so efticaciouslv, bethought
him on a sudden of a stratagem. As
he espied a young child not far from
the pulpit, he beckoned to it. saying,
41 Come hither, my dear, gather up
those cards lying on the floor, and
bring them to me," which the child
did ; he then asked the name of each
card, which the. young one accurately
told ; he next questioned it about the
catechism, of which the infant was en
tirely ignorant. Little Andrew dis
missed the child, and looking round
rhc audience, with an air of indigna
tion, (secretly triumphing in his heart
at the same time,) he cried aloud
kk Wicked fathers and mothers, is not
this a scandalous, and a most flagrant
proof of what I have advanced, that in
this abandoned, this impious age, noth
ing is thought of but gambling ! Here
is almost an infant that completely
knows every card in the pack, is tho
roughly learned in the Devil's book.
yet is so absolutely ignorant ol the book
of his salvation ! What early sacrifices
do you make of the hearts of your chil
dren to the nrince of darkness ! Ye
more than parricide parents ! 1 e be-
v.. i .
gea now me iaci reauy nappeneu.
!No two qualities in the human mind
are more essentially difierent, though
often confounded, than pride, and van
ity : the proud man entertains the high
est opinion of himself ; the vain man
strives only to mtuse sucli an opinion
into the minds of others ; the proud
1 dig Vows.
ExtiMcts from a sermon cf the Hew Dr. Wilmer,
of Alexandria, D. C. preached June 24, 1820,
at the request of Brooke Chapter of ltoyal
Arch Masons. The following- passage cn
" faith unfeigned," contains one of the most
conclusive arguments we remember to Lave
ever seen. Winchester Republican.
To hold sentiments hostile to Christian
ity is one tiling every man has a right to
think for himself upon his own peril and
responsibility but when he undertakes
tQ teach lhcm tQ olhers and endeavors to
sap the faith and hope and consolations of
his neighbor, I know Dot by what law of
charity he can ey.cuse his conduct. Sup
posing for a moment that Christianity wcro
a fible yet its veriest enemies have admit
ted that it holds out the purest morality,
the surest motives to resignation under
calamity? the highest sources of consola
tion and hope that were ever made known.
Suppose that the believers in Christianity
are a poor, deluded, ignorant people ; still
the question occurs, Why rob us of our
hopes ? If it be a delusion, it is a happy
delusion. Imagination makes things re
al ; why then rob us of our real treasure ?
Here we are shipwrecked on the ocean of
life ; here ve are buffeting its various ills,
and we find religion to be the only bark
which rides the waves in every storm
the only anchor that supports our hopes.
But lo 1 the sceptic comes to our relief:
he bids us abandon this as only an imagi
nary refuge : he bids us shake off our fears
and doubts. And what does he offer as a
substitute ? Ask him but that question,
and you at once confound him. What
will he give us in place of our hopes ?
Take away religion, and what have we to
keep us from sinking under the waves of
adversity and sorrow what comfort when
we kneel at the dying bed of one tender
and beloved what light to shed upon that
ocean vast and dark which spreads before
us, when we are obliged to launch away
upon its bosom ? Who steals my purse,
steals trash ; but he who robs me of this
sweet hope, robs me of that which is dear
er than the riches of Golconda and Peru.
Allowing it to be a false hope,. it does not
less show the value of it to one who con
fides in it, nor the cruelty of him who
would rob him of it. Even supposing
religion to be false, it has the advantage
in this life in point of virtue and happi
ness ; and at the bar of heaven certainly
the christian will fare as well as the unbe-t
liever. But supposing Christianity to be
true at last, how dreadful is the state of
the comparison against the unbeliever
The bare possibility of its being true is
enough to give torment to a reasonable
man, w ho is not provided for that contin
gency. So that our rock is stronger than
theirs, our enemies being judges.