j m j I
rni5TEI) A!l rCIiLIFHEn, KVEHT TCISP1T,
Uv BINGHAM c WIIITK.
The subscription to the Western Ciroliniax
is Three Dollars per annum, payable half-yearlv
CC No paper will be discontinued until all
arrearages are paid, unless at the discretion of
the Editors ; and any subscriber failing to give
notice of his wish to discontinue at the end of a
year, will be considered as wishing to continue
the paper, which will be sent accordingly.
"Whoever will become responsible for the
payment of nine papers, shall receive a tenth
AiiVERTisF.ttEXTs will Lie inserted on the cus
tomary terms. m m Persons sending in Adver
tisements, must specify the number of times they
wish them inserted, or the' will be continued till
ordered out, and charged accordingly.
No advertisement inserted until it lias been
paid for, or its payment assumed by seme person
in this town, or its vicinity.
fCC'All letters to the editors must be post-paid,
Nor they will not be attended to.
BUUKK County, is now open for the recep
tion of Scholars, under the patronage of a
respectable Hoard of Trustees. The mode of
instruction pursued is the result of much atten
tion and experience, and eminently calculated to
fit young gentlemen and ladies lor the active
duties of life, and to prepare students successful
ly to pursue their collegiate studies.
lectures in an easy, familiar style, are given
three or four times a week, on Ian-uage, His
tory, Rhetoric, or Moral, Intellectual, National,
or Political Philosophy.
Great attention is paid to reading, speaking,
writing, and pronouncing the Kmrlisli language
with correctness and elegance, ami to the man
ners and morals of the pupils ; and every thing
done to promote their happiness and improve
ment. Tuition per annum, and board on
the most reasonable terms. The village is pleas
ant and healthy.
Trench and Italian will be taught grammati
cally, if requested.
April 15, 1322. 3mtll0
YvvAYe, IanAs Toy Sati.
TIIK subscriber, wishing to remove to the
western country, will oiler furs:de, at pub
lic vendue, on Tuesday, the 16th of July next,
that valuable tract of land in Burke county,
whereon he now lives, containing 1U0O acres, sit
uated 12 miles from Morganton, on the main
road leading from the latter place across the
J.vnville and Yellow Mountains to Joncsboroucrh
in E. Tennessee. There is a good dwelling
house with an enclosed yard and garden, a oarn,
stables, cribs, negro cabins, and other out-houses,
all in good repair. This tract lying on Lynville
river affords a large proportion of flat land, a
sufficiency of which is cleared and under good
fence ; the soil being fertile, will easily afford
the means of still further improvement ; it is well
adapted to the culture of wheat, rye, corn, bar
ley, oats, he. This farm alo afford;, a good dis
tillery, is well watered, and abounds with excel
lent timber. As a stock farm, besides the abun
dant products of food and forage, it has the ad
vantage of lying convenient to an excellent sum
mer range. In short, its local advantages are
great. These, together with the uncommon sa
lubrity of its situation, make it a most desirable
scat for a country residence. The terms of sale
Avill be made as easy as possible, by giving every
.leasonable indulgence to the purchaser.
The subsriber, as administrator, will also offer
for sale, at the same time, at a credit of twelve
months, all the lands lying in the cou aty of Burke
belonging to the estate of Col. John M'Gimsey,
deceased, viz : One tract of land, including sev
eral surveys, lying on the waters oi" Paddy's
Creek, and containing 1000 acres, more or less;
whereon there is a good Grist Mill, well suppli
ed with custom. It consists of uplands of a
pretty good quality, is well timbered, and will
admit of several settlements. It will be sold al
together, or in parcels, as may best suit the pur
chasers. Also, several other tracts, situated in
different parts of the mountains, and valuable on
recount ot the range. Bond, witn approvea se
curity, will be required in all cases. The terms
will be more fully made known cn the day of
sale, w hen due attendance will be given on the
premises, by the subscriber.
WM. M'GIMSEV, Admr.
M.rcfiu:!, April 13, 1S22. 12 w tlOO
I'.Y IV VAC "intCYUUWAfcUt .
iZT:? r gll Hi subscriber respectfully informs
-rvT:q jl. the citizens of Salisbury and the
adjacent country, that he has removed
f iwif his late residence on the north side of the
Yadkin river, on the main road leading from
Salera to Danville, 15 miles from Salisbury, and
has taken the house formerly occupied by Capt.
Ja. Krider, in town, on Main street, a few doors
north of the Court-Housc ; where he is prepared
to keep a House of Private Entertainment for
Travellers and citizens. He will at all times
furnish Stabling. Fodder and Grain, for Horses.
Salisburu, St. 25, 1821. 78
N". B. Eight or ten BOAUDEIlS will be taken
at the customary prices in town.
rlIIE subscriber has taken the House lately
JL occupied by Mr. Thomas Helton, sign of
the Eagle, cast cf the Court-House, Salisbury,
N. C. where he has opened a lienor, nf Enter
tainment, for the accommodation of travellers and
citizens. The house is large and commodious ;
the stables ?re convenient, anil will at all time
be well supp!i-il with grain and loader.
As tiie subscriber has taken pains to provide
every tiling necessary for the comfort and ac
commodation of all who may be pleased to visit
his house, he hopes he will be able to give gen
A few boarders, by the week, month, or year,
will be taken on the usual terms. 8vtl03
April 4, 1822. JOHN HOLMES.
npin: subscriber respectfully informs the citi-
i. zens of the Western section of N.Carolina
and the adjoining districts of S. Carolina, that he
has established the Jiwh-liiniling liusineas,u all
of its various branches, in the town of Salisbury,
N. C. He has taken the store formerly occupied
by Wood Krider, on Main-street, three doors
K. N. 1. from the Court-House.
Having devoted considerable time to acquire
a competent knowledge of Ids business, in the
city of Baltimore, the subscriber flatters himself
that he will be able to execute every kind of
work in his line, in a style and en terms that will
give general satisfaction.
Merchants and others, can have Wank Hooks
ruled and bound to any pattern, on short notice,
as cheap and as well finished as any that can be
brought from the North.
Old Hooks rebound on the most reasonable
terms, and at short notice.
Orders from a distance, for Binding of every
description, will be faithfully attended to.
WILLIAM II. YOUNG.
Salisljirr, June 8, 1S1. 53
AN away from the subscriber, on Monday,
the 18th inst. John Donohooe, an indented
apprentice to the shoemaking business ; about
seventeen years old, swarthy complexion, light
hair, and tolerably well grown. The above re
ward, but r.o thanks, will be given to any person
who will deliver said apprentice to me, living in
Kov. an county, N. C All persons are forewarn
ed from harbonng or employing said apprentice,
as I will rigidly enforce the law against such of
fenders. JAMES KLNSIIA W.
.Match 2.7, 1822. SwtlOO
T AN au ay from the subscriber, at Charlotte,
1L Mecklenburg cowi.ty. X. Carolina, a Negro
Hoy by the name' of SJMON; dark complexion,
stout made, an ! live ilvt seven or eight inches
high. lie s;t aks low when spoken to. It is
supposed that lie will make towards the county
of l'rinco William, Virginia, as he was purchased
in that county. I will give the above reward if
the said negro is delivered to Isaac Wilic, Con
cord, Cabarrus county, or 25 dollars if secured in
any jail, and information given, so that I get him
II VAN W1LIL.
March Z-U 1321.
rglllE subscriber, who is
M. contractor for carrying
the U. States Mail between
5 Kalciirh and Salisbury, by
way of Randolph, Chatham, uc. respectfully in
forms the public, that he has fitted up an entire
NEW STAGE ; w hich, added to other improve
ments that have been made, will enable him to
carry PASSEXGEUS with as much comfort and
expedition as they can be carried by any line of
stages in this part of the country. The scarcity
of money, the reduction in the price of produce,
he. demand a correspondent reduction in every
department of life : Therefore, the subscriber
has determined to reduce the rate of passage
from e'tyht to six cents per mile. Gentlemen
travelling from the West to Balcigh, or by way
of Baleigli to the North, are invited to try the
subscriber's Stage, as he feels assured it only
needs a trial to gain a preference.
The Stage arrives in Salisbury every Tuesday,
S or 9 o'clock, and departs thence for Baleigh
the f ame day at 2 o'clock ; it arrives in Ualeigh
Friday evening, and leaves there for Salisbury
on Saturday at 2 o'clock.
Marj 22, 1821. 50 JOHN LANE.
SUxvu oV VuYU-vvYoVma,
C10UIIT of Pleas and Quarter Sessions, March
; Term,.lP,22 John Thompson, vs. David
Evans O. Att. It appearing to the satisfaction
cf the court, that the defendant, David Evans,
resides beyond the limits of this state ; it was
therefore ordered, that publication be made in
the Western Carolinian for three months, that
unless he, the said David Evans, makes his ap
pearance at our next Court of Pleas and Quarter
Sessions, to be held for said county, at Morgan
ton, on the fourth Monday in July next, then and
there to replevy or plead to issue, judgment will
be taken for the plaintiff's demand against him.
Attest, J. Lit WIN, Clerk.
3mtl 09 Price adv. 3 50.
SUtti o .N)YttAjAYoYn,
SUIl II Y COUNTY.
SUPEIIIOK Court of Law, March term, 1S22.
Amos Ladil, sen. rs. James II. Miller
Bee. Fa. Locpielam. It appearing to the satis
faction of the com;, that the defendant in this
case resides without the limits of (he state ; it is
therefore ordered, that publication be made in
the Western Carolinian for six weeks, that the
defendant appear at the next Superior Court of
Law to be held for the county of Surry, at the
Court-Housc in Boekford, on the first Monday in
September next, then and there to plead, an
swer or demur to the said suit, otherwise it will
be heard cxpartc, ami judgment entered accor
dingly. Test, J. WILLIAMS, Jr. C.S. C.
Gwt 102 Price adv. SI 5.
QUPF.IUOB Court of Law, March term, 1822.
O William Burch, w. Nancy Burch Petition
for divorce. It appearing to the satifaction of
the court, that the defendant in this case resides
without the limits of the state, it is therefore or
dered, that publication be made in the Wolern
Carolinian for three months, that the defendant
-ppear at the next Superior Court of Law to be
held for the county of Surry, at the Court-House
in I Jock ford, on the first Monday in September
rext, and plead, answer or demur to said peti
tion, oth' rvie the petition will be heard ex
parte, and judgment awarded accordingly.
Test, J. WILLIAMS, Jr. C. i C.
ointlOO Price adv. 3 50
F the various kinds commonly in use, for sale
:d the Office cfth; WtsTiax Caroushs.
THE Stock in trade of the concern of Jfinsloxv
& Iluske, will be sold at Public Auction,
without reserve, at their store in the town of
Fayetteville. The sale will commence on Mon
day, the 13th day of May next, and will so con
tinue from day "to day, "until the whole of the
property is disposed of.
The Stock consists of a large and general as
sortment of DRY GOODS, HARD-WARE
and CUTLERY, an extensive assortment of
GROCERIES, consisting of Sugars, Coffee,
Molasses, Salt, Iron, a variety of Wines and Spir
its, and the various other articles usually sold as
such in this market.
A Boat, of 500 barrels burthen, and her ma
terials. There trill also be Sold,
One hundred and sixty shares of Cape-Fear
Fifteen shares of State Bank Stock.
Two shares of Clarendon Bridge Stock, and
forty-one shares of Cape-Fear Navigation Stock.
A credit of from four to nine months will be
given on the goods, and six months credit on the
Bridge and Navigation Stock. The Bank Stock
will be sold for cash. JOHN IIUSKE,
Fayeltex-illc, March 20, 1822. CtlOO
Dy' (ioovAs, Sec.
THE subscribers have lately received and of
fer for sale, at that eligible stand on Trion
street, formerly occupied by Samuel M'Conib,
Esq. a general assortment of DRY GOODS,
among which are some of the best cloths and
cassimeres, together with all other articles ap
pertaining to gentlemen's wear, and with which
they ill be accommodated on reasonable terms.
Also, a v ery choice assortment of ladies' fancy
goods, w hich will be sold at a short advance from
cost. GUAIIAM & l'AUKS.
Charlotte, April 8, 1822. Iw tlOO
XwiYkAn Xtivg'w. imwymwy.
"VTOTICE is hereby given, that the President
and Directors of the Yadkin Navigation
Company hav e ordered the payment of the tenth
instalment of ten dollars on each share of the
capital stock of said Company, to be made to the
Treasurer or agents of the Company, on or be
fore the 13th day of May next. Notice is also
given to all those in arrears for all or any part of
the first, second, third, fourth, fifth, sixth, seventh,
eighth, or ninth instalments, that they make pay
ment to the 1 reasurer or agents on or before
the 13th of May next.
FREDERICK HANDLE, Sec'ry.
April 1, 1822. 4vvtlOQ
"VAS taken up and confined in the jail of
T T this county on the 16th inst. who says that
he belongs to John Woodward, in Fairfield dis
trict, S. C. He says his name is DICK. He is
stout made, yellow complected, about 35 yeais
of age. Any person claiming said negro, is re
quested to come and receive him, according to
JOHN ZIMMERMAN, Jailor.
IJncobilon, April 20, 1822. 3v tl02
Gig Coy Snlii.
rnHE subscribers have in their possession for
JL sale, a new pannel Gig, made in New -York,
which will be disposed of on reasonable terms.
R NDOLPH & YOUNG.
Salisbury, March 18, 1822. 93
npiIE subscriber having made the necessary
JL arrangements for carrying on the Bakinsr
Business, will keep on hand a constant supply of
Br tad, Crackers, and Cakes,
of every description, as well as the various
articles usually kept in a Confectionary store ;
all of which he will dispose of on very reasonable
terms. THOMAS HOLMES.
Salisbun, Dec. 18, 1821. 80
The High Bred and Celebrated Foal-Getter
K i FINE sorrel, upwards of
wv'-y lb Imnds h,s 1,and-
OT f-tfft somcly marked, of large bone
'1 frrr. fttSJk-t and great muscular power,
will stand the ensuing season at Salisbury every
Friday, Saturday, Sunday, and Monday;" and at
Concord every Wednesday and Thursday, ex
cept when shewn at public places; unavoidable
accidents excepted. He will be let to marcs at
the moderate price of twelve dollars the season,
which may be discharged by ten dollars, at any
time within the season; six dollars the single
leap, to be paid at the time of service ; and nfieen
dollars to insure a mare to prove with foal, Sec.
Florizcl, as a foal-getter, is equaled by few, and
excelled by no horse ; which may be seen by
reference to the hand bills, where the certifi
cates are signed by a number of the most res
pectable citizens of Halifax, relative to his colts,
and the performance of his stock, and other par
ticulars ; also his pedigree. The season to com
mence the 20th of March, and end the 20th of
"WILLIAM HOWARD, and
8;vtl01 ' LEWIS SHEliLEV.
48?krTIIIS thorough bred and
ffWX rst lte hrsc will stand
3 rV" at Mock's ld Fielc!' in Kovvan
-CLyJxVA. county, the present season,
now commenced; and will be let to mares at
sixteen dollars the season, payable with twelve
dollars any time before the 1st of August, when
the season will end ; and thirty dollars to insure
a marc to be in foal, the insurance to be paid if
tiie property is changed.
Financier is a fine boy, upwards of sixteen
hands high, and is one of the highest formed
race horses in the United State;. His biocd, ar
will be seen by reference to the Hand-Uills, is
from the most choice race horses both of Eng
land and America ; and his performance or. t!:t
turf of the first order. lie was the horse select
ed to run against Sir Archey in the famous stake
which was to have been run at Camden, between
the horses cf North end South-Carolina. Mr.
Allt?n J. Davie was not willing to risk the rep
utation of Sir Archey, and refused to run the
race. A. NF.SBITT.
April 8, 1322. 6,vtlC2
Tiegislatwire X. Carolina.
mOM THE 11ALLIGU UEGISTEIt.
DEBATE ON THE
C OjXVEjXTIOjX q ues tiojs
HOUSE OF COMMONS) DEC. 1821.
Mr. Hillmam was unwilling to con
sume much of the time of the commit
tee, but he owed it to himself and his
constituents, on so important a subject,
to assign some of the motives which
would govern his vote, and to reply to
some ot the arguments which had been
tillered in favor of the resolutions on
The gentleman from Salisbury had
said, that our present Constitution was
imperfect, and that considering the in
auspicious circumstances under which
it was framed, and the unfavorable pe
riod for deliberations of that kind, it
was a wonder it waj not more so. lie
thought differently. It was framed by
patriots who had just broken the yoke
of despotism, who were pure from the
revolutionary struggle which ushered
in the independence ol tiie country ; and
who, therefore, knew well how to val
ue the principles of civil liberty. Ev
ery memorial presented to the British
Throne or Parliament, about that time,
shewed how well thc
ed vrith their noliticai
could it have been otherwise, asked
Mr. II. when the vcrv cause in which
I they were engaged, had for its object
the .establishment or the independence
of a people, the acknowledgment of
the rights of a nation ? A struggle,
which, if it had proved unsuccessful,
would have rendered all who had em
barked in it rebels, and exposed them
to the penalties of the law. Nothing
but the most perfect knowledge of
their rights, the most thorough convic
tion of the injuries they had sustained,
could have induced them to throw off
the yoke and incur such dangers. Na
poleon was not more anxious to make
his army familiar with military tactics
and the art of war, than the people of
this country were, at that time, to be
come acquainted with the principles of
civil liberty and the unalienable rights
of man. One of the most distinguish
ed members of the British Parliament,
at that time, did not hesitate to say,
diat there were no people in any part
of the world, who understood their
rights as well as the people of Ameri
ta. There were, then, no parties;
there was no such thing as sectional
feeling familiar with the repeated
and continued encroachments of pow
er, and having suffered much and suf
fered long in the struggle, they knew
well how to guard their rights and pro
tect the liberties of the citizen.
But the gentleman from Salisbury
has intimated, that the patriots who
framed our constitution still felt an at
tachment to the old government ; and
to prove this position, he has read us
an extract from the minutes of their
proceedings at Halifax. It will be re
collected by tne committee, that the
contest, even at that time, was some
what doubtful. Consideringthe doubt
fulness of the contest, and the many
delicate and tender ties which existed
between the people of this and the mo
ther country, it is not a matter of ve
ry great surprize that the people of
this country should have been satisfied,
with a recognition of their rights by
Great Britain, to have remained at
tached to that country. It was, how
ever, an attachment to the people to
whom they were connected by the ties
of fteling, of affinity and blood, rath
er than any attachment for the govern
ment, which they felt. Does the gen
tleman mean by such an insinuation to
raise a prejudice against the Constitu
tion ? Where is the feature in it which
will warrant such a charge ? Our bill
of rights, to be sure, is nearly a copy
from the Declaration of Rights of
Great Britain and where is a better ?
But is there any thing in cur govern
ment which savours cf British attach
ment? Have we, as in England, an
hereditary executive and peerage? On
the contrary, our Governors are elec
ted annually ; our Senators are chosen
for the same period by freeholders ;
and our Commoners by every man who
is subject to pay taxes ; and the ses
sions of our Legislatures are held an-
puiauy. rvo people couia nave Decn
, 1 111 t I
placed in more independent circum-
stances than were our loretatners at
the formation of the Constitution.
Having thrown oil the British yoke,
they were at lull liberty to form a new
system of government on correct prin
ciples. This Constitution has another
has the test of
forty years experience, daring whicn
time, the State has flourished and been
happy without altering it m a single
feature. How is it with regard to our
laws? Is it not the business ot our
session to repeal what a former one has
enacted, and for the nent succeeding
one to re-enact what the preceding one
iias repealed ? If so, what evidence
have we that our Convention would
not be composed of materials similar
to those which compose our General
Assemblies. I should tremble for the
State, if its Constitution was to be new
moulded by the present General As
sembly. It would partake of all the
imperfection of our legislation, and ev
ery few years a Convention would be
necessary for the purpose cf amending
these modern improvements. He
would, therefore, prefer not to meddle
with the Constitution. It might hive
its imperfections, but he kfc would r th
er bear the ills we now endure, than
rush to others which we know not ol.n
The gentleman from Kockirghar.
(Mr. Morehead) tells us there '.5r.
vast cliifcience between the large a: i
small States under the Constitution v.
the United States, and the large
small counties under the Constuu? i
of this State that the same re .s -does
not apply to the counties as o ii
States, because the latter are sove
reign, the former are not. Mr.
thought differently. Both were gov
erned by the same motives, to v;r?
self-preservation and self-defence.
Previous to the Revolution under hc
old colonial government, the represen
tations were according to court:
1 he Constitution being a matter
mutual conciliation and of comprorr,
the smaller counties were as .n:;5
to preserve their integrity and the
fluence in the State as the
States were to preserve their
reignty and their weight am
United States. He thought t
tleman had furnished the ans -own
argument, when he told
the Legislature had power to '
mould, to lop off, and to annihila.;
counties at pleasure." It wa to
vent the larger counties, like Aan;
rod, from swallowing all the sir. i
ones, that induced them to insist ur
this principle of representation ;
he thought the argument of the gen?! -man
but illy calculated to induce h -.
smaller counties to give up a princir 1 j
so important to their safety.
Mr. H. admitted that there "was
some inequality in the representation
of the people of this State ; but he de
nied that this inequality was either un
just or anti-republican. The justice
of the principle depended on the ?ia
ture of the compact. In a government
of compromise, there could surely be no
injustice in each county having the
weight which it had been agreed it
should exercise in the legislative coun
cils. As it regarded the term republi
can, it was a kind of relative expres
sion. It did not follow of course, that
because these was not an exact equali
ty of representation that therefore the
Constitution was anti-republican. Will
any man say, asked Mr. II. that the
Constitution of the United States is
unjust or anti-republican ? He pre
sumed not; and yet the inequality un
der our Constitution is not greater
than it is under the Constitution of the
United States. The weight which is
given to the smaller counties is not
greater in proportion than the weight
which is given to the smaller states.
The gentleman from Rockingham
has laid before the committee a calcu
lation of the white population cf the
Western and Eastern counties, and al
so of the federal numbers ; according
to which, he gave a majority to the
W est. Gentlemen had also made cal
culations to shew that the West naid
more taxes than the Hast. iiKir
statements were calculated to mislead.
It would be found, upon examination,
that gentlemen had taken Granville
and Bladen into their calculation for
the West, and had left cut Wake
Heretofore. Granville, Wake and Bla