North Carolina Newspapers

    When this country found itself enga
ged in the war with Great Britain, we were
soon made sensible of the want of prepa
ration, in every respect, for such a con
tcot ; and in no respect were wc worse
prepared than in the organization of the
fiscal branch of the military establishment.
Those things arc very well understood
Tiozv. The oncers educated by the war
are generally at the head of the disburs
ing offices of the military establishment ;
they know what i proper to be done,
what vouchers arc necessary to be pro
duced in settlements, anil how regular pe
riodical settlements arc to be coerced.
Every thing is well done, and promptly
accounted for. But very different was
the state of things in 1812, M3 and '14.
"Every thing was then to be learnt at great
cost. Public property was wasted from
the want of necessary knowledge how to
dispose of or take care of it. Our gen
erous warm-hearted young soldiers did
not think as much of vouchers when they
were applying the public money, as they
would do were it to do over again. From
these, and various other causes, the unset
tled accounts for money disbursed in the
War Department amounted, soon after
the close of the late war, to .forty-three
millions of dollars. Means were provi
ded by Congress for examining and set
tling this immense mass of accounts.
"When trie! in Mr. Hagncr's crucible,
the heap soon began to be lessened. At
the last session, it was reported to Con
gress that the amount was reduced by ex
amination and settlement to fifteen mil
lions of dollars. At this session, it was
reported as having been since sweated
down from fifteen to five millions of dol
lars. And, what is a remarkable fact,
shewing the insubstantiality of this for
midable List of Balances, it appears that
the sum of money found due by individu
als, and paid into the Treasury, out of the
ten millions thus settled, was only eighty
thousand dollars ! So the debt to the li
nked States, thus settled, was as 80,000
dollars is to 10,000,000 as 8 to 1,000, or
1 to 125. There is nothing so inconve
nient to a theorist or a dcclaimer, but
there is also nothing so demonstrative, as
figures. The facts "arc even stronger
than we have stated them. There was
found due to individuals, in the course of
this settlement, about eighty thousand
dollars ; which being paid out, just balan
ces the account so that, on the whole,
there was, in the settlement of these ten
million of dollars, found to be absolutely
nothing due to the United States.
We do not undertake to say that the
analysis of the remainder of this list of
balances will produce a like result. The
purest substance in the hands of the skil
ful chemist leaves some residuum and
loss to the United States will be consider- J
able. But can a government, more than
an individual we put it to the common
sense of every reader be expected to
conduct its business without loss ? Docs
not every man in an extensive business,
employing many agents, calculate upon
an average loss from the unfaithfulness or
failure of his agents? To men of busi
ness it will be sufficient to say, that, with
all the irregularity of disbursements dur
ing the hte war, and taking collectively
all the losses the government has sustain
ed by delinquencies of public agents,
from the adoption of the constitution to
this day, the whole loss has not exceeded
one per cent, on the whole amount of the
expenditure. We wish it were a great
deal less than it is; all wc mean to say is
that it is a great deal less than it has been
represented to be.
It has sometimes been said, that men
and women are frequently coupled to
gether in wedlock, like rabbits when they
are sold ; namely, that a fat and lean one
go together, by which means both pass
en tolerably well through the market of
human life. Some years since, a learned
doctor, who was considered as a pillar in
Westminster school, was united to a lady
who had been brought up in a different
manner, on which the sun of science had
but sparingly darted its beams. A friend
dining with them one day, was asked by
the lady, if he would take Parmacity
cheese. " Parmacity ! exclaimed the doc
tor, you mean Parmasan, my dear." His
dear, however, was not disposed to take the
hint, and a violent contest ensued. After
matters had reached an unpleasant height,
it was mutually agreed that the affair
should be submitted to the judgment of the
visiter, who found himself in a situation,
for which his dinner made but a sorry re
compense. The question itself included
very little difficulty ; but the decision in
volved consequences which were not like
ly to be pleasing to all parties Arduous,
however, as the t3sk may appear, of set
tling a serious dispute between man and
wife, their mutual friend undertook it,
and happily succeeded in the following
manner : " It seems to me that you arc
boh right. If the cheese was mud sim
ply in Parma, then, generally speaking, I
should say it was Parmasan ; but if it was
made in the city of Parma, I see no rca- j
son why it should not be called 1'arma-ci
:." This fortunate expedient cleared
the matrimonial horizon; the gathering
tempest subsided ; and after a little time
the sun began to shine.
coat; n kss.
LY SF-VATi:, irnn 29.
The Senate, according to the order of
the day, took up, in committee of the
whole, .Mr. Lowrie being called to the
chair, the bill from the House of Repre
sentatives making an appropriation of
glC0,000 to defray the expense of Mis
sions to the independent nations on the
American continent.
The amendments reported by the Com
mittee of Foreign Relations to the bill,
(to increase the appropriation to & 1 1 0,000,
and subjecting the bill specifically to the
limitations of the general law concerning
the compensation of public ministers)
were negatived Mr. Umg, of N. Y. hav
ing expressed the opinion that they were
Mr. Smith, of S. C- proposed to amend
the bill by adding thereto the following
proviso :
"Provided, nevertheless, that no money shall
he dniwn from the Treasury, for that purpose,
until the President shall be fully satisfied that
such missions will not interrupt the friendly re
lations of the United States."
And the question being taken on the
adoption of this amendment, it was deci
ded in the negative Yeas 9 Nays 28.
Mr. Eaton proposed to amend the bill
so that the President should not appoint
any minister but with the advice and con
sent of the Senate.
Mr. King, of X. Y. said such an amend
ment could not be necessary, because the
constitution of the United States was suf
ficiently explicit upon the subject. It was
onlv in appointments that become -vacant
during the recess, that the President was
authorized to exercise the right of ap
pointing to oflice. In original appoint
ments, where there had not been an in
cumbent of the ofi'ice, such a power un
der the constitution did not attach to the
Executive, and hence could not be exer
cised. It was quite unnecessary, there
fore, to proidc, by any statutary provis
ion fri tli'it wliJ1i iic 'ilrnr? cinflinont-
I ly guarded by the constitution.
.Mr. Eaton was aware that the views ot
the gentlemen were correct. He had no
doubt but that the correct meaning of the
constitution was such as was stated by Mr.
K. ; but, however this fact miijht be, it
was not to be disguised, that the President
of the United States had, bv the course
he had pursued on a former occasion,
manifested a different understanding of
the constitution. Mr. Madron had nom
inated ministers to negotiate the treaty of
wnent, in tne recess oi tnc senate ; anu
these were not vacancies, but original ap
pointments. If this had been acquiesced
in by the Senate, and such he understood
had been the case, it might be considered
as authority for the Executive to adopt
that course again. Such a course he
thought unauthorized, and he wished, by
the adoption of the amendment proposed,
to say so. The Senate should retain the
powers that belonged to it ; nor was it less
matc.iial that it should judge of. the mer
its and qualifications of those who might
be appointed.
Mr. Holmes, of Maine, remarked that
the constitution was certainly definite
enough upon this subject : the amendment
proposed could not make it more so : and
lie was altogether unwilling, where the
rule was prescribed already by an instru
ment, from which neither the Picsident
nor this body had a right to depart, to at
tempt either to enlarge it, or to- declare
what should or should not be its true con
struction. The President was competent
to judge of this matter without any opin
ion being offered by the Senate.
Some remarks were offered by Messrs.
Walker and King, of Alabama, as to the
practice of the Senate, the intent of the
constitution. Sec. ; when
Mr. Eaton observed, that, having re
ferred to the Executive journal of the
Senate, from which the injunction of se
crecy had been removed, he had found
that the principle acted on by Mr. Madi
son, in relation to the ministers who form
ed the Treaty of Ghent, had not been ac
quiesced in, but had been protested against
bv the Senate : it was, therefore, not to
be viewed as establishing any precedent,
and he would withdraw the amendment
he had offered.
The question was then taken on order
ing the bill to be read a third time, and
was decided in the affirmative Yeas 35
Nays 3.
moxdwj atril 29. The engrossed
bill for the preservation and repair of the
Cumberland road, was read a third lime.
Mr. Taylor said, he considered thi bill
as so important in its character, and be
ing such a violation of the constitution,
that he felt himself impelled to call for
the yeas and nays upon it.
The yeas and nays were thereupon or-!
Mr. Reed, of Md. moved to recommit
the bill, for the purpose of causing to be
stricken out of it the section that author
izes the President of the United States
to lessen or increase the ratesof the tolls.
That was an" act of legislation, he said,
which it was not competent for the Pres
ident of the United States to exercise.
The motion was supported by the mover,
and opposed by Messrs. Little, 'Ross,
Trimble, and Stewart.
Mr. Reed, of Md. called for the yeas
and nays, which were thereupon order
ed ; and the question on a commitment
being taken, it was decided in the nega
tive, by a large majority.
The question was then taken on the
passage of the bill, and decided as follows :
Yeas 87 Nays GS.
He comes, the herald of a noisy world,
News from all naticits lumVring at his back.
Ten days later from England.
NEW-YORK, Arm I. 20.
By the ship Herald, arrived at Boston
from Liverpool, London papers have been
received of the 11th of March, contain
ing the highly important intelligence that
every appearance seemed to indicate the
approach of another revolution in France.
The measures which have been for a long
time incautiously pursued, by the adhe
rents of the Bourbon family, to restore
the ancient order of things, and which, in
consequence of the very recent restrictive
impositions on the press, have burst upon
the nation like a flash of lightning, (if
these accounts are to be believed,) have dif
fused almost universal discontent through
out the country. Complaints were pour
ing in from all quarters ; reiterated at
tempts were making to oppose the con
stituted authorities; and, if private letters
are to be credited, a revolution had alrea
dy broken out in the interior, headed by
General Benton, who is stated to have as
sembled a considerable force in opposi
tion to the government, and to have issu
ed a proclamation, containing sentiments
hostile to the Bourbon family, and recom
mending their expulsion. A similar feel
ing is stated to be spreading throughout
the departments, where Napoleon II. is
said to have been proclaimed as the right
ful sovereign. Disturbances are even
said to have taken place among the law
students in Paris, and the cries of " Vive
le Roi," and 44 Ricn que la Charle" heard
among the contending parties. It was
necessary to call out the Gen d'Arms be
fore these commotions were suppressed.
That France is at present in a very con
vulsed state there can be no doubt. The
British government had received des
patches in gtcat haste from Paris, which
were considered of such importance, that
Lord Londonderry, who had just sat
(low n o dinner, on learning their contents,
instantly rose from the table and hastened,
apparently in great agitation, lo his office,
t he Courier, alluding to the subject, re
marks, " that the peril is indeed the great
er, because France is literally surrounded
with the combustible materials of revolu
tionary explosion ; and that Spain, the
North of Italy, and Germany, are so ma
ny sources whence the torrent of disaf
fection to legitimate government may re
ceive inexhaustible supplies."
The London Globe, received at the of
fice of the Commercial Advertiser, from
our correspondent in London, says, five of
the persons charged as parties in the con
spiracy at Saumur have been tried and
sentenced to death by the military Com
mission sitting at Tours. Saumur ap
pears to be a favorite scat of disaffection.
A plot was discovered and defeated in De
cember last. The present conspiracy in
that town may have contributed to im
press the recent disturbances in Paris with
a like character.
Two members of the Chamber of Dep
uties have been arrested, on suspicion of
attempting to re-produce the scenes of
the revolution.
As usual, we have contradictory state
ments as to the intentions of these two
powers, neither of which, in our opinion,
are entitled to much attention. A letter
from Odessa dated February the 12th,
states, that a great number of Russian of
ficers had arrived there with long leaves
of absence, from which a continuance of
peace was inferred ; and it is suid to have
been currently reported on the Exchange
at Liverpool, the 13th of March, that
Lord Walpolc, the British minister, had
arrived in London from Vienna, with a
copy of the treaty of peace between Rus
sia and Turkey. On the other hand it
appears from the language of Mr. Tier
ncy in the House of Commons, that he
believed Ministers were fully aware of
the certainty of an approaching rupture.
The Chancellor of the Exchequer neith
er confessed nor denied this statement ; on
which the Morning Chronicle remarks,
that " there is now an almost universal
conviction in the best informed circles,
that a Russian and Turkish war is inevit
able." We are inclined to think that this
is the most correct view of the subject.
The Emperor Alexander was looked
for at Minsk to join the Imperial Guards,
and then proceed to the grand armv. It
was also rumored that he was forming an
offensive and defensive alliance with ano
ther power. These are any other than
symptoms of a pacific disposition.
The manufactuiing and agricultural
interests do not appear to be satisfied with
the plans suggested by government for
their relief, and arc loud and unceasing
in their demands for succour. In ire
land, the Uhite Beys had somewhat abat-,
ed their outrageous proceedings. " 1 his
diminution of crime," says the Conner,
" is owing, not to anv abatement ot then
lawless spirit, but to the summary opera
tion, of the insurrection act. Aware that
their annrehension is inevitable, if found
fabroad after a certain hour, they now keep
in close ambush in the mountains, and on
ly detach strong armed parties during the
night to provide subsistence."
The following is an extract of a private
letter, which we have received this morn
ing from Paris. In that capital, among
the best informed persons upon pohucal
events, the persuasion is very strong that
hostilities must take place between Rus
sia and Turkey, and that the declaration
ot war by the former Power, will soon be
put forth. We can add nothing to this
belief, of our own knowledge, either one
way or the other; but shall merely lay be
fore our readers the facts communicated
by our correspondent : Courier.
" Paris, Tuesday night. A commer
cial courier arrived here to-day, from St.
Petersburg, which he left on the 17th of
Feb. It was believed nt his departure,
war was on the point of breaking out with
Turkey, for orders had been sent lo all the
armies and the Russian licet in the Black
Sea. The Grand Dukes are gone to the
army, and the Emperor and his Ministers
were expected to set oft immediately."
We have received the Paris papers of
Monday and Tuesday. The internal state
of France is evidently not a satisfactory
one. Without adverting to what may or
may not be the causes of the events which
are taking place, the fact in undeniable
that plots and conspiracies prevail to an
alarming extent. Nor is the discontent
confined to a particular district, but wc
hear of its breaking out in different and
distant provinces. No sooner is one at
tempt defeated than another is made, and
if we may judge from the private accounts
we have received, these attempts arc by
no means of that trivial and insignificant
character which they are represented to
be by the Pans Journals.
Feb. 4, says, that the manifesto or decla
ration of war against Turkey, was mo
mently expected. Hostilities would com
mence with the spring.
Latest from France and England.
By the arrival of the fast sailing brig
Orion, Capt. Smith, we are favored with
the perusal of a file of Bordeaux papers
as late as the 17th of March, containing
Paris dates to the 13th.
One of the officers of the detachment
sent in pursuit of Benton, was upon the
point of taking him on the 7th inst. at a
solitary farm house, where the fugitive
disguised as a peasant, had passed the
night. Benton had departed before day
he had no followers with him, and mani
fested the most lively uneasiness.
The rebels in Tours, Saumur and An
gers have been dispersed without difficul
ty ; several have been arrested, and the
troops have manifested the most loyal dis
position. There appears to have been large col
lections of the people of Paris, in differ
ent streets, hostile to the missions, which
have produced the necessity of ordering
out bodies of Infantry and Light Cavalry to
be stationed in different positions. The
acts of the populace have been confined
to cries and hisses. A proclamation was
issued by the Prefect of Police, dated the
12th March, announcing the disturbances
occasioned by the Mobs, the determina
tion of the government to disperse them,
and requesting all good citizens lo abstain
from mingling in the crowd.
The Chamber of Peers continued on
the discussion of the Bill regulating the
Public Journals. The 1st and 2d Arti
cles have been adopted without discussion,
and the 3d after a long debate has been
agreed to, 121 to 79. An amendment of
the 4th Article, proposing to limit to 5
years, the power given to government to
re-establish the censorship during inter
vals between the sessions, was negatived
119 to 87. The same article was adopted
after some further discussion It was ex
pected that the final vote would be taken
the next day.
An Augsburg article of the 7th of March,
mentions the arrival of a courier from Vi
enna bringing letters confirming the ca
tastrophe of the Pacha of Janina. In
consequence of some acts of violence of
Ali towards some of his men, they seized
upon his person, cut oft his head and sent
it to Churschild Pacha. This comman
der of the Ottoman forces immediately
dispatched some Tartars to Constantino
ple with the bloody trophy, to the Grand
Seignior, where they arrived on the 15th
of Feb. and where the event excited the
most extravagant joy.
Letters from Belgrade even go so far as
to say that the present Vizier, Selim Pa
cha, has determined with the army assem
bled in the environs of Constantinople to
take up his march for the banks of the
Danube. If this should take place, no
doubt would remain of the intention of
commencing hostilities against the Russians.
A H craw ai tide oi the i9th ot FcL
states the total of the Russian Army ready
to take the field, exclusive of the Corps
stationed in Bessarabia, at 83 to 100,000
Infantry, 30 to 40,000 Cavalry, 50 pieces
of heavy and SO to 100 pieces light Artil
lery. 10,000 men at least are attached to
the different parks of Artillery.
The April packet ship James Monroe,
Capt. Lee, arrived yesterday, in the very
short passage of 23 days from Liverpool.
We have recrned papers of that place to
the 1st of April, and London papers to
the evening of the 30th of March.
In the House of Commons, March 24,
Mr. Maryat presented a petition of the
Council and Assembly of Grenada, pray
ing such relief as was absolutely necessa
ry to save them from impending ruin.
Mr. Wilmot said the President of the
Board of Trade meant, in the ensuing
week, to submit a motion on the subject
of regulating the intercourse of the colo
nics with Canada.
A meeting cf the West Indian mer
chants and planters was held on the 22d
at the London Tavern, when it was agreed
to present a petition to the House of Com
mons, for an open commercial intercourse
between the British West Indian Islands
and Colonics and the United Stages.
The London Sun says, an application
has been made to the Board of Trade, in
behalf of the colonists in British North
America, to postpone the bill for extend
ing the intercourse in American shipping
with the British West India Islands, un
til the next session of Parliament, that
they may be afforded an opportunity to be
heard upon, and to offer evidence against,
the measure.
Mr. Zea, the minister of Colombia in
France, is said to have concluded a loan
of two millions with some English mer
chants. Colombian stocks were 3 per
cent, above par.
It is said there will be another meeting
of sovereigns at Vienna the ensuing sum
mer, at which the King of England will
be present.
The report of a conspiracy in Poland,
a London editor thinks, may be nothing
more than a plan invented to give the
Russian government an excuse for acting
with more ligor towards that unhappy
nation. On the 29th of March, Mr. Canning
crave notice in the House of Commons, that
44 on the 30th of April, he should move
for leave to bring in a bill to repeal so
much of the act of the 30th Charles II.
as debarred Catholic peers from sitting in
the House of Lords. In giving this no
tice he begged to repeat, that it was not
his intention in any degree to prejudice
or interfere with the great question as a
whole ; to that he would lend his most
cheerful support ; but as it was not yet de
cided whether that would be introduced
this session, he thought it right to vsivc
this specific notice. It was fit, also, 2nd
due to the noble persons whose interests
were concerned, both in this and the gen
eral question, to declare in a public and
solemn manner, and upon his honor, that
he had held no communication, direct or
indirect, with them upon the subject of
the present notice, or the subject he had
in view."
An extract of a letter from Liverpool,
dated April 1st, says :
u The bill to regulate the trade with the
West Indies does not appear by the pro
ceedings in Parliament on the 29th ult.
to have been brought in ; but it may have
been brought in firo Jbrma, although no
debate took place upon it. A proposition
has been assented to in the agricultural
committee, to allow foreign wheat in bond
to be ground into flour ; bond being given
to export 5 6 lbs. of superfine flour, for
every 70 lbs. wheat taken out. There is
not we believe any fresh flour now in this
market unsold ; but you will be aware
that after the passing of the act above
mentioned, the vent for export will be
considerably diminished, and after Sep
tember, the export to Newfoundland
On Saturday night, the 13th instant, this
county was visited with one of the most
destructive tornados ever known in the
country. It passed through the county
in a north easterly direction, prostrating
trees, buildings, fences, and every other
moveable object in its course. From the
best information we have been able to col
lect of the injury done by this dreadful
visitation, it commenced in the county of
Lawrence, crossed the Tennessee river,
and passed through the county of Lime
stone, pursuing a north easterly course
through Madison, passing about four or
five miles N. W. of Huntsville, sweeping
like the besom of destruction every thing
in its way for about a quarter of a mile in
width. It spent its greatest fury in this
The deadened trees were generally up
rooted, the trunks of the green ones in
the forest were twisted and broken off"
about fifteen feet from the ground, and
almost every building of all descriptions
razed with the ground, so that in many fry-

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