SAIAbBuIli, ?C. C. TWESU.IX, MAX Si, 1822.
rniXTF.n axii i-uhuphed, event tutsdat,
JJr JIINCJIAM c WHITE.
The subscription to the U'jstf.rv CAnnnxiAN
is Three Dollars per annum, payable half-yearly
CHj' No paper will be discontinued until all
arrearages are paid, unless at the discretion of
the Editors ; and any subscriber failing to give
notice of his wish to discontinue at the end of a
year, will be considered as wishing to continue
the paper, which will be sent accordingly.
"Whoever will become responsible for the
payment of nine papers, shall receive a tenth
Advertisements will inserted on the cus
tomary' terms. Persons sending in Adver
tisements, must specify the number of times they
wish them inserted, or they will be continued till
ordered out, and charged accordingly.
No advertisement inserted until it has been
paid for, or its payment assumed by some person
in this town, or us vicinitv.
CjAll letters to the editors must be post-paid
or they will not be attended to.
g?J5 UUKE County, is now open for the rccep
.k P tion of Scholars, under the patronage of a
respectable Hoard of Trustees. The mode of
instruction pursued is the result of much atten
tion and experience, and eminently calculated to
fit young gentlemen and ladies for the active
duties of life, and to prepare students successful
ly to pursue their collegiate studies.
Lectures in an easy, familiar style, are given
three or four times a week, on Language, His
tory, Rhetoric, or Moral, Intellectual, rauonal,
or Political Philosophy.
C.rcat attention is paid to reading, speaking, (
writing, and pronouncing the English language
with correctness and elegance, and to the man-
ners and morals of the pupils ; and every thing
done to promote their happiness and improve-
. Tuition 20 per annum, and hoard on .
the most reasonable terms. The village is pleas
ant and healthy.
French snd Italian will be taught grr.mmati
callv, if requested.
April 13, 1822. 3mtll0
4 SEMINARY for the instruction of youth
J was ooened at this place on the 15th instant.
Classes for instruction in Spell
Writing", S ' 50 cents per qu
Geography and lieometrv
IMietoric, Eogic, and Ethics
Natural Philosophy, Astronomy
Lanrruacre, Sj per quarter. J.n'hslt t;rat
i lfrutinn and composition, will be tauirht
- - '
student who can read and write, and no extra
charge made. Should health permit, this insti
tution will be permanent. Patronage from this
and adjoining-counties, and at a distance, iscon-
r..?MiK' KnVu'UrA fnrl fvnorti.l. Mild tlioutrh :
prompt government will be used, and each pu-
pil's taste, disposition and talent, diligently stud-
ied. I-ax government has proved mischievous,
proposed. l Iks piace ana me ueiguouriMMi,
are indeed healthy ; and brard can be had on
moderate terms. "Three or four little boys will
be received as boarders, by
IS EN J. I). IJOUNSAVILEE,
Principal of the Seminary.
Lexington, .V. C. .Ipril, 1C22. 99tl0 1-
feUUii oi Km'Vu-tu'ollna,
1 ! ... " T.I. 1 I
9 j , l !l n IT o m n son -? T) avi '
Kvans O. Att. It appeanng to the satisfaction
of the court, that th'j defendant, David Kvans,
resides beyond the limits of this state ; it was
therefore ordered, that publication be made in
the Western Carolinian for three months, that
unless lie, the said David Kvans, makes his ap
pearance at our next Court cf Picas and Quarter
Sessions, to be held for said county, at Morgan
ton, on the fourth Mohuay in July next, then ami
there to replevy or plead to issue, judgment will
L-e taken for the plaintiff's demand against him.
Attest, .1. Kit WINY Clerk:
SmllC9 Price adv. 3 50.
rUPKr.IOR Court of Law, March term, 1822.
15 I mos Kadd, sen. vs. James It. Miller
Itec. l a. Koffjelam. It appearing to the satis
faction of the court, that Die defendant m this
case resides without the limits of the state ; it is
therefore ordered, that publication be made in
the Western Carolinian for six weeks, that the
defendant ..ppcar at the next Superior Court of
J.av to be held for the county cf Surry, at the
Court-IIouscin ltockford, on the first Monday in
Sentt rnber next, then and -there to plead, an.
-vcr or demur to the said suit, otherwise it will
be heard expane, and judgment entered accor
ding v. Test, J. W 1LLIA MS, Jr. C S. C.
Gwtl02 Price adv. S1 5-
PUPF.P.IOII Cn-r.t of Law, March term, 1S22.
ij William liurch, v Nancy lhirch......Pctition
for divorce. It appearing to" the satisfaction of
f!lf. court, that the defendant in this case resides
without the limits of the state, it is therefore or-dt-rd
that ptd lication be made in the Western
. .1 ....... k . .-.tir. f" i rA I -itv-ti C
iieid forthe countv of Sun y, at the Court-Housc
iiliockford, on the first Monday in S:ptcmbcr
next and plead, answer cr ticme.r to saiu pt i
tion ' otiicrwise the petition will be heard c:
iarte and judgment awarded accordingly.
P ' Vest J. WILLIAMS, Jr. U.S. C.
from ignorance in tins matter ; and energy be- cf CVcry description, as well as the various
come tyranny by attempting to force nature, articles usually kept in a Confectionary store ;
Moral and relisrious instruct! n on the Sabbath, nil ,,f uhtch-he will dispose of on verv reasonable
and during: the week, will form part of the plan i icn:is. THOMAS IIOLMl'.S.
mtl 09 Price adv. S 5!J
"VVVum Tail on,
.Vo. G Craft's South It'fatf, Charleston. S. C.
rifli:NI)EUS hi services to the planters and
J3L merchants in the western part of North-Carolina,
as Factor ami Commission Merchant. The
facilities now allbnlcd by Steam-ISoats, in trans
porting produce and merchandize to : -ml from
Cheraw and Charleston, will most like' render
careful agents more necessary than formerly.
W. l will buy and forward (ioods to order, and
sell all kinds of produce for a commission of 2
Through the assistance of a friend, he will,
when it is required, advance reasonably on pro
duce which the owner n ay wish to hold for a
better market. He will alio attend very partic
ularly to the forwarding of goods from Philadel
phia, New-York, &.c. Persons unacquainted with
him, will please refer to Mr. George Miller, Sa
lisbury, N. C. David lleinhardl, Esq. Eincohiton,
N. C. or James Patton, senior, Ashvillc, N. C.
finUE subscribers have in their possession for
f. J1'? ev panrcl Gig, made in New-York,
uhich will be disposed ot on reasonable terms.
II ANDOLl'Il YOUNG.
Sn;is!i:n9 March 18, 1822.
Ij tu i In vV 1 usiiwss .
rglllE subscriber respectfully informs the citi
JL zens of the Wcs'ern section of N. Carolina
and the adjoining districts of S. Carolina, that he
has established the Hook-Hindi a:? Husii'Si?,n all
of its arious brandies in tnc town of Salisbury,
N. C. lie has taken the store formerly occupied
by Wood Sc Krider, on Main-street, three doors
E.N. E. from the Court-l louse.
Having devoted considerable time to acquire
a competent knowledge of his business, in the
city of llultin.ore, the subscriber flatters himself
that he will be able to execute every kind of
work in his line, in a style and on terms that will
give general satif;u:tio:i.
Merchants and otiiers, can have Wank Hooks
rit.,i an,i bourui to r.nv pattern, on short notice,
as cjie:,p ami as ucn f lushed as any that can be
brought from the North.
oiil Hooks rebound on the most reasonable
terms, :.i:d at shoi t notice.
Orders from a distance, for Einding of everv
! description, will be faithfully attended to.
.ViLLIAM II. YOUNG.
.S:.v June V, lo21. o3
! R nnd fh- t,.i!,! Ihot I,r ht f tM Jiorl Mm- 1
self in the Saddlin' Ilusiness. at the nlantaticn'i
n . .....'...,.1 i... 4i. !
Harness, ccc. made at a proportionable price.
lloan Co. .ipril 29, 1022. Su tlOlr
ail IK subscriber having made the necessary
at rangemeiits for carrying on the liakmg
Ihisiness, will keep on hand a constant supply of
Breads Crackers, and Cakes
Sa!Uhnrtjt Dec. 13, 1821. SO
JT AN away from the subscriber, at Charlotte,
iL Meckleuburir countv. N. Carolina, a Nesrro
rov by the iaune'of SIMON; dark complexion, ?
stout made, and live feet seven or eight inches i
the said negro is delivered to haac U Uic, Con-
any jail, and information given, so that I get hhn
Tiiii.i.:i;t.iiii:afi!Tii i n i i mi i.ii n rtii.iiiiii ai.
.March 24, 1821. 50
.Xcw Stage, In Waeg-
?- iU' uDscnner, wno is
iVnr3- the IT. States Mail betw een
iZQtLZ Italeicrh and Sallsburv, by
way cf Kandolph, Chatham, ik.c. respectfully m
forms the public, that he has fitted up an enUre j
NKW STACiK: which, added to other improve- -
ments that have been made, will enable him to
carry PASSKN(iKRS with as much comfort and
expedition as they can be carried by any line of
stages in this part of the country. The scarcity
of money, the reduction in the price of produce,
&c. demand a correspondent reduction in every
(li-n-ivtiiu nt rf lif.' TIirMvfnre. the suliscriher
has determined to reduce the rate of passage !
from riehi to six cents per mile. Centlcmen
Irnivlli,,,. frnm th- V it to Prdi-r!,. f,r bv W.1V
of Il?!ci?h to the'Xorth. are invTted to try the
subscriber's Stage, as he teels assured it only
needs a trial to gain a preference.
The Stage arrives in Salisbury even- Tuesday,
S or 9 o'clock, and departs thet.ee for Ualeig.h
the same day at 2 o'clock; it arrives in Italeigh
Friday evening, and leaves there for Salisbury
on Saturday at 2 o'clock.
.1ww 221821. 50 JOHN KANE.
Y v Vv vtc V ulttY t win sweiit .
, f "111 IE subscriber respectful:;- informs
t-;-, rf .a. the citizens ot SalisDur - ami tne
-R -u aciiaeent countn . tiai ic r...; renrncu
adiaeent country, tiiat l.e i:...u!;r
. i f t
fronfhis late residence on the north sale of the
Yadkin river, on the main road leading from 1
Salem to Danville, 15 miles from Salisbury, and I
has taken the lio'ise formerly occupied by Capt. j
.la. Kri !, in town, on Main street, a few doors .
north of the Cot
;ourt-!Iouse ; w acie lie is prepared j
jtisc of J'livate ten'er.'a.'.-rnent for j
to keep a Jjttsi
Travellers and utiz
ms. He will
furnish Stabling, Fodder and Grain Horses.
Salixhiirv, Sept. 25, 1S21. 78
N.P.. Light or ten HOAIlDETiS will b taken,
at the customary prices in town.
i i f w 1 1 1 i l 1 1 v r ci i aiai. u nil ii r ui:a u v iiil: na.iiiv, i
-.!. ii' .1. ii - . r.f. -Ki. t t and out mouthed. Tob is not quite so dark, but
ing, Reading and . . . , , . nrr,n..rfl t ' rvrrnto riii t thick made, and appears stubborn. Washington
artc-r ; Arithmetic, J k . . ,. f u:th ncatncss aIld ! is about 10 years old, ami aown-cast look. Tom
, per quarter; ,t., ... tT, wirt nni-ntt T n. took with him a pair ot buck-skm trowsers, an-.L
, S Per quarter ; s.1(5,lot; Uvrr.n ,s ,tci.Mri,.fln(i a.lrub great-coat. Ihe boys had one mixed
:md the Latin j ;nllcxIlcIl. . ut cr All kinds of liridles. co:1- nd onc.t,f rcl and hlG ; two
high. He speaks low when spoken to. It is j oc wen snppnea wiui gram ana louacr.
I supposed that he will make towards the county j As the subscriber has taken pains to provide
of Prince William, Virginia, as he was purchased j every thing necessary for the comfort and ac-
in inai countv. i win rnve xnc aoove rewa.ru ii , v.u.i.nuauuii t, .i.t .., ij.i-.i w iil
Yvuabto Iaoavas "ftiv Ste.
THE subscriber, wishing to remove to the
western country, will oifer for sale, at pub-
nc endue, on i uestlay, the loin ct Jul-next,
that valuable tract of land in Burke county,
whereon he now lives containing 1000 acres, sit
uated 12 miles from Morganton, on the main
road leading from the latter place across the
l.ynville and Yellow Mountains to Jonesborough
in E. Tennessee. There is a good dwelling
house w ith an enclosed yard and garden, a barn,
stables, cribs, negro cabins, and other out-hcunes,
all in good repair. This tract lying on Lynville
river affords a large proportion of flat land, a
sufficiency of which is cleared and under good
fence ; the soil being fertile, will easily afford
the means of still further improvement ; it is well
adapted to the culture of wheat, rye, corn, bar
ley, oats, Sec. This farm also affords a good dis
tillery, is well watered, and abounds with excel
lent timber. As a stock farm, besides the abun
dant products of food and forage, it has the ad
vantage of lying convenient to an excellent sum
mer range. In short, its local mUantagvs are
great. These, together with the uncommon sa
lubrity of its situation, make it a most desirable
seit f-p a countrv
-n i rr,0,i
residence. The terms of sale
will be made as easy as possible, by giving everv
reasonable indulgence to the purchaser.
The subrjibcr, as age:;t, will also oher for
sale, at the fame- time, at a credit of twelve
mopths, all the lands lying in the county of Durke
belonging to the estate of Col. John M'Gimsey,
deceased, viz : One; tract of land, including sev
eral surveys, lying on the waters of Paddy's
Creek, and containing 1000 r.cres, more or less;
w hereon there is a good Gr:st MiM, well suppli
ed with custom. It consists of inlands of a
pretty good quality, is well timbered, and wilt
admit of several settlements. It will be sold al
together, or in parcels, as may best suit the pur-
sale, when duo attendance will bo siv'-n n the
prciniics, by the subscriber.
ptr the 7eirs of ('!. J. .1' (,',.:. dci '..
Jhrgantoti, . Ipril 1 ., 1 .22. I Ju tlLD
X. IJ. Any person wishing to uivhae p:i
vately, can do st by aj)plyinr any tin.e heroic
the day of sale.
AN AWAY from the subscriber, near Chnr-
ltte, on Sunday night, the 23th inst. I'Ot.'il
Tom, Tone, TJ, an 1 U'cthi.ij-
lom is about 55 years of age, modest ai.d
Tone is about 15 years old, durk colored,
or three pair of other shoes. Thev also took
with them one rifle gun, without a box, and a
half stocked shot gun, and sere v -driver, with a
buck-horn handle. To any person tliat will q.
prehend the above negroes and lodge them i i
any jail so that I get them again, I will pay rrt;
Dollars; or twenty dollars for Tora alone, and
ten dollars for Tone, and live dollars for each of
the boys. ZEN AS A LEX AN I J Elf.
JMecklenfjurtf Co. JV. C.
. ipril 29, 3 22. 7 wt 1 Oor
nrSHE subscriber lias taken the House latelv
! JL occupied bv Mr. Thomas llolton, siirn of
the Eagle, oast ot the Court-House, Salisbury,
N. C. where he has opened a House of llntev
tainmcnt, i br the accommodation of travellers and
citizens. The house is large and commodious ;
the stables are convenient, and will at all times
bis house, he hopes he will be able to give gen-
- - ----------- - - -
A few boarders, bvthe week, month, or year,
will he taken on the usual terms. KwtlOo
.ipril 4, 1322. JOHN IIGLMK6.
rfIIIS thorough bred and
'RXteVlST first rate horse will stand
vTT f Mock's Old Picld, in How an
rA&5J,t county, the present season,
icneed; and w ill he let to mares at
sixteen dollars Uie season, payable wiui twelve
ilollars any time beiore me isi oi Aligns, when
the season will end ; and thirty uoilars to insure
a mare to be in foal, the insurance to be paid if
the property L; changed.
Financier is a fine bay, upwards of sixteen
hands high, and is one of the highest formed
race horses in the United States. His blood, as
will be seen by reference to tne Hand-Pills, is
from the most choice race horses both of
land and America; and his performance on the
tUll lA tllC l'.rst OHlCr. IlC WHS tllC llOl'SO SClCCt
cd to run against Sir Archey in the famous stake
which was to have been run at Camden, between
tiie horses of North and South-Carolina. Mr.
Allen J. Davie was not willing to risk the rep
uta'aon of Sir Archey, and refused to run the
rr.ee. A. NKSBITT.
I .. ." 7 O 1 COO
ff OUNTY Court of L'leas and Quarter Sessions,
J April Term, A. I). 1822....Peter Forjicy
Christian Peinhardt Original attachment, lev
ied on six r.cgroes and sundry articles of person
al property. It appearing to the sat ist act ion ot
the courtthat Christian Iteinhardt, the defend-
:m is an inhabitant cf this state tt is there-
fore ordered by court, that he appear ct the next
countv court of Pleas and Quarter Sessions, to
ue held tor Lincoln county, at the Court-Iiousc
in I.incolnton, on the third Monday in July next
replevy and plead to issue, or judgment by de
fault final will be entered up against him. Or
dered, by court, that publication hereof be made
three month, successively in the Western Caro- 5
linian. 3aitU2r A
'jv-. vakiwy H'ur.F.. e. c.
chasers. Also, several other tracts, MtuaU.-'l in tliat we possess th.is rigrit, thev are not
clillcrent parts of the mountains an-1 valuable on for afibrdinp: us anyremedv. Thev
account ot the range. liono:, with approved so- , , . . i , -
curity, u ill be required in all cases. The terms ask what business the Legislature has
will be more fullv made known on the dav of to meddle with it? And thev denv
ijair ui nevt simes, iwo ;iew wool uai-, aiui ihd
1IIOM THE ItAT.EMH IIFG ISTEH.
DEBATE ON THE
COjXVEjXTIOJS' QUEST OM
HOUSE OF COMMON'S, DEC . 1S21.
Mr. J. Smith observed, that the pro
position before the committee was im
portant, as it proposed to submit to the
citizens of this State the propriety of
calling a Convention to amend their
From remarks which had fallen from
gentlemen in the course of this debate,
it seemed to be doubted whether we
had a right to interfere vith the Con
stitution. He presumed no member
of the committee me rait seriously to
assert such a doctriue. All power,
said Mr. S. belongs to the people, and
l.u' nil' 1 rm ht t r it-.f- Crtncn f
for the public gooc'i, and to amend
their .charter f government as they
please. This is a right secured by the
Law ot Nations. io prove which,
Mr. S. read an extract from Vattvi.
It is, said Mr. S a well established
principle, that the -people have a right
to niter their constitution at pleasure.
But although gen tlemen acknowledge
that the people have any right to act
upon ir. So thrj.t uc have a right, but
no remedy. This, said Air. S. cannot
be so. And tJaotigh the Legislature
cannot compel the people to ho4d a
Convention, th.ey may point out the
mode in which it c:n be done.
But wavinp- that noint of the sub-
ct, it is said to he inexpedient to call
a Convention, provided we have the
power ; and he would endeavour to
follow the cou.rse of remark which had
been made ou that subject.
The gemhnnan from Halifax gave
the following reasons why it would be
inexpedient to call ;s Convention. He
said it would convulse the people to
throw into their hands that power which
is their own. It would convulse the
State, and jeopardize the best interests
of the country. Where does the gen
tleman find grounds for this appreht n
sion ? Is th crc any thing so factious in
the people of North-Carolina more
than in other States of the Union? It
has always been allowed that this
State is th .c Southern State of steadv
Out of twenty-four States, twenty,
he believed, had lately adopted new
Constitution's, Connecticut (the land
of steady b.abits) amongst the rest.
Even the factious State of Georgia (as
it has some times been called) has sub
mitted the question to the people, who
had shewn that they were not anxious
to grasp at power; on the contrary,
they an; willing to let things remain
as they are. Was the State of New
York convulsed by faction when the
people of that State held a Conven
tion? J No such thing. The delegates
met at . Albany, and proceeded to bu
siness in a manner becoming the Rep
resent; ativesof a wise. Republican State.
Nor h.as any thing like faction appear
ed in any of the other States on like
occasions. If, said JMr. S. you agree
to sul smit the question to the people,
as is proposed, and a majority be in
lavor of the measure, the question will
be; -what is to be done? The people
will "be told that the Convention, when
assci .nbled, will have power to abolish
such . of our Constitutional provisions
as tl ley think proper and to make new
one , and they will appoint for this
pun pose, the best qualified Citizens in
I xi the election of Members to the
Go neral Assembly, the citizens are
car eiess, believing that any man of
good intentions, and common stnse,
wi ll answer the purpose; but when a
ne w Constitution is to be formed, yu
wiill see every nvm repair to the poll,
arid the best and fittest men in the
communitv will be chosen. No man
in the State will be exempt from serv
ii ng in a Convention ; even your Gov-
e -rnor, or your Judges, or Ministers oi
t.he Gospel, micht be elected to that
'oody. You may therefore brimr
pother the rrreatest talentsjr i
be-SUDD0SfV r '
?nU Cai? 11 ?e S.UPP??Fd be. factious CT
v.that such a botlv'-
adopt any measure which would Hot
be for the welfare and happiness of
But gentlemen have said, that ud
der the present s.aie of things, noth
ing like oppression t;;kes place. Mr.
S. admitted that we at pi esent enjoy
iibert5r and a cod degree ot
ness : and that the Constitution
der which we live is a good one,
considering the time when it was made.
But since its formation, times and cir
cumstances have changed.
Gentlemen call loudly on the friends
of the Resolutions, to shew any in
stance in which the people are depriv
ed of their rights, and what necessity
there is for calling a Convention;
Mr. S. said he would examine this
subject. We alledge that our Repre
sentation is unequal, and we name two
Counties to prove it, Rowan and Co- x
luraous. i lie citizens ot Loiumnus
have six times the portion of Repre
sentation in the General Assembly
that the citizens of Rowan have.
What are the rights of a citizen ? His
first rightc are his natural rights, to
life, liberty, and the possession of hap
piness. But when he enters into the
social compact, he surrenders some
of his natural rights f r the sake of
enjoying his political rights. All men
are born equal, and every man similar
ly situated is entitled to equal rights
and equal privilege's. This being a
fact, we have a right to complain that
the citizens of the large counties do
not possess equal political rights with
the citizens of small counties. And
if he must speak of Eastern and Wes
tern (though he disliked the distinc-
tion") our people believe that they do
not possess their full share of Repre
sentation in the Legislature. That
the Eastern ?Jembers make laws for
us, and tax us without our consent;
and they make our Governors, Judges,
and other officers. The East h is the
majority, and consequently the power,
and though they may not use it impro
perly, they may do so if it pleases them.
This we call a grievance. To deny
to freemen an equal voice in making
laws, laying taxes, Stc. is Anti-republican
and Aristocratic. It may be
called Republicanism ; but it is Aris
tocratic Republicanism, just such as
he would call the Republicanism of
Virginia, or that of any other State
wherr it is necessary to have a free
hold to entitle a man to. vote.
Here, then, said Mr. S. we present
a grievance. Here we show you some
thing like oppression. What, asked
Mr. S. is more degrading to a man
than to feel that he has less political
rights than his neighbor? To discover
that the citizen of a small county has
five or six times the power that he has ?
For what, asked Mr. S did our
forefathers fight? It was for a free
j Republican Government and equal
ntleman from Halifax
had told the committee
about the struggle whkh had taken
plaee in Connecticut between the pow
ers of Church and State. It was a
happy struggle. He differed entirely
in opinion from the gentleman from
New hern on this subject. It was, said
Mr. S. a struggle between the State
and the Church, and he thanked God
that the State had prevailed That
they had thrown off the yoke of the
Clergy, and establibhed a free Govern
ment. The gentleman from Halifax next
makes a comparison between the situ
ation of our small counties and the
small States a comparison that is al
together inapplicable. A State is a.
sovereign, indissoluble body politic.
A County, on the contrary, has no
power but what is derived from the
sovereign authority of the State. As
a State, Delaware is equally sove
reign with New-York. When che thir
teen States met to form,- National
Government, it becam; necssary to
make a compromise ith the small
States of Rhode nd Delaware,
and thev were ,-cordingly allowed the
same Reprentatlon in the Senate
with thc5ther States. But has the
little yunty f Columbus any sove-
J: u entltie.d lo more Representatives
m proportion to its size, than other
The gentleman next alleges, that
there would be great difficulty in a Con-