L I I i A Vv fi
FBI XT n A VII rCflLHitKli, ITEIT TCKPir,
1J IJINGHAU Si white.
Tin subscription to the Westerv RtixiAy
is Three U'.L'-irs per annum, payuMe half-yearly
g7 No paper -will be discontinued until all
arrearages are pa'tL unless at ti.e dlsc.tStion of
the Etlltors ; and any subscriber facing to give
notice of his wish to discontinue at the ei V. f a
year, will be considered as wishing to continue
the paper, which will be sent accordingly.
"Whoever will become responsible for the
payment of nine paper?, shall receive a tenth
Advertisement will ue inserted on the cus
tomary terms. ..Persons sending in Adver
tisements, must specify the number of times they
vish them inserted, or they will be continued till
ordered out, and charged crccrdinjrly.
No advertisement inserted until it has been
paid for, or Its payment assumed by some person
in this town, or its vicinity,
CAll letters to the editors must be - aid,
or thev will not be attended to.
Ynua)c Iiayu3 lor Stc.
r ? Mil", subscriber, wishing to remove to the
.2 wes-iTii courtry, will offer fir sale, at pub
lic vc n.i'ic-, on Tuesday, the 161 1 of July next,
that valuable tract of land in It like county,
whereon he now lives, containing 1 J'J acres, slt-
u.ttea miles from Mor-rantoo, on the mam ;
ro;ul leatlin from the 1
1 -1 .1
.r ,iu.t acrua ;
Lvnvllle and Yellow Moi
imams io juries jorougn :
r t- - 'i i :. - i .i.... it-" i
...ee. iicic ii a t;mu .4 !
',uf - vlu ttn ccjscu jaru ana jraruen, a narn, ;
siaoies, crir negro cairn?, arul otr, er out-fiouses,
all in gooil repair. This tract Kh i on I.ynville
river afford a large proportion of Hat land,
sufficiency of which is cleared find under pood
fence; the soil being- fertile, will easily .a!flnl
the means of still further improenient ; it is well
adapted to the culture of wheat, rye, com, b ir
Iey, oat ftc. This farm also afford a good dis
tillerv, i w ell wateretL and aboun 1 with exct 1
lent timber. As a stock farm, beside?- the abun
dant products of food and forage, it has the ad
seat for a countrv residence. The terms of sale
-will be made as easy as possible, bv giving- every
reasonabjc indulgence to the purchaser.
The subrriber, a? atjent, will :ilso oHer for
sale, at the same time, at a credit of twelve
months all tlie land lying" in the county of Burke
belonging to the estate of Col. John M'tlimsey,
deceased, viz : One tract of land, including' sev. 1
cral surveYs, Ivin on the waters of Paddv's)
Creek, and containinp- 100CI acre, move or less;
whereon there is a g-ood Crist Mil?, well suppli
ed with custom. It consist. of upland of a
pretty jrood quality, iiwcU timbered, and will
admit of several settlements. It will be sold al
together, or in parcels, a may best suit tlie pur
chasers. Also, several other trac.s, situated in
(litfe rent parts of the mountains, ar d valuable on
account of the rang-e. Ilond, with approved se
curity, will be required in all cases.. The terms
be more filly made known on the day of !
wnen M-te aitcian'-e w s.i i;c riven on tie
premises, bv the subscriber.
W M. M'f ilMCT, .Jjen:
fur the Iter f Co'. J. V (ii mtei, tUc'd.
.nJ:;im:an, .Ipril'lZ, 1322. 12utl09
N. !!. Any person wishing to purcliase pri
vately, can d.o so by applying any time before
tl.e t!av of sale.
T'f E subscriber respectfully informs the pub
lic, that lie has ajain taken Mi shop in Sa
lisbury, on Main street, opposite the tate Rank,
where he i prepared to execute all order. in
the Ii:te of his bus'sics. Clocks, Watches, Jew
elry, ?vC. repaired on the shortest notice. He
licit the patronage of hi friend i, his old cue
tomer. and the public in grencra!, and assures
them that he will do their work, nnd sell them
all articles in his line, on lower terms than at any
c :!ier shop iu this part of the state.
.Y.:; $7,rr, .tf;v 23, 1322. 103
" PRKE County, is now open for the recep
.K 5 tion of Scholars, under the patronage of a
respectable Hoard of Trus'ees. The mode of
io.-trcct.on purs ied is the result of much atten
tion and experience, and eminently calculated to
f t youri prentl?men and ladies fir the active
i,'s hie, und to prepare students successful
ly to p irs-te their collejriate studies.
Lectures in an easy, familiar stj !e, are given
three or f.Hic times a week, on I-anjnia.fre, His
tory, Rhetoric, or Moral, Intellectual, Natural,
or roi.tiC'1 r ;.iifsoptiy.
Cr at attention is paid to re a tin , speaking1,
xvnt-njr, and pronnnncH the Enihsh language
y ih correctr.es and t'egince, and to the man
ner an I morals cf the pup'ls ; and every thing
ijne t.i promote their happine-s i.nd improve
ment. Tuition S-'' per annum, and board on
the mo it reasonable terms. The viluge is pleas
ant and healthy.
French and Italian will be taught grammatically-,
April 15, 1822. J.r-tllO
TflllE htirsand distributives of Henry Dellin
X rt-r, deceased, arc hereby notified "to attend
at John Zimmerman's in Lincoln ton, on the
Wednesday of the next July court, held there,
t render a statement in writing anl tipon oath,
what ir p.;rty they muy have receivefl of their
fa' her, the deceased Henry Delhngcr, bv way
r f a dvancement, in his lifetime ; and if they
fil to attend according to thi notice, I shall
proceed to niake distribution of the g-ood and
cliattels ef the estate of the said Henrv, with
out any regard to anv claim they may have.
MICHAEL UELMIARDT, AJmr.
Kic-Strn, ,'. C. Jfay "29, 1822. JwtV
- vantage of lying- convenient to an excellent sum- t l) ana ine rv-qimiuon oi iuc ari in mner respecis
merranc.' In sliort, its local advantiic are j having- h?vn compl-ed with, it is ordered by the
gTeat. These, together with the uncorn'mon sa- j C!'rt, that publication be made three months in
luSritv of it situation. mik it a rruwt dt-;irah! ! the W estcrn Can-hnian n i l Ha'eiirh Star, for the
Stale o JSovU-l!ivoVnvA.
HO WAV COUNTY.
In Eynit" Jfnl Term, 1822.
Jesse A. Pearson, Joseph Pearson and other-,
ag-ainst "William H. Thomas, Alexander II. Tho
mas William I-anghorne : aKo against I'lcas
ant IT. May and llenjamin Chairs, executors
of the last will of William Thomas, deceased.
XT appearing to tlie court that William Lanjr
horne resides in Virginia, and William 1J.
Thomas, Alexander II. Thomas, and Pleasant
II. Muv, reside in South-Carolina: It is Ordered,
that publication be made fur six weeks in the
Western Carolinian, tht tlie said defendants,
William Lamjlnme, William 15. Thomas, Alex
ander II. Thonus and Pleasant II. May, do make
their personal appearance at the next Court of
Equity, to be held for the county of Rowan afore
said, on the secs:'l MoihUv ut u r the fourth Mon
day of September next, ami answer, plead, or
'i?mur to t!ie complainants bill of complaint,
otherwise the sa ne u ill be taken pro confesso
against them, an I l.e-ml ex parte. ,
CtlOS les. C.F.O. LOCKK, C. M. U.
KO'VAV r o V v T V
It AV.r: Term, 1S22.
Executors t i tlie lxst W ill of Richmond
Iearsm, deceased, xs. Hcnjamin Chairs and
Pleasant II. M.iv, Kxi cutors cf the last Will
of Willlim 1h.'.:,as deceased.
-., . . ,
i anpcnntf i: tne r min tna i.-mnt u.
Carohna It ii Cf-r, that publication be made
tor six weeks m extern Carolinian, tor h;m
to ,T)r,P :.T (. ncxt term of the Ciiurt of Enui.
4 r- - ------ -. 1
tv, to be h ci.I for Howaii county, on the : second
jrt - t!i f.nif!i tiifu' - r r spifcniii. f '
-" ' "
ne xt, t tie u a -.1 t !: ere to aiwrr, plead, or den.u r
to tiie Con,n' unants 11!U otht rwUe the same will
Le taken pro conf. sv)
Iniii, an I heard '
Cd Test. OK- LOCK P.. t'- I- f
StnU V .Vuvl-t'avuVim,
Ci UlTMUMl Co-.irt otT.au-, April Term, 1822...
ij IIut!i Harris v. Jo!.n Harris It appeal-it
to the omH, bv r'tin of twj
saitl Jo'in Harris Is not to b-j found in t.he coun-
saitl Joli!1 Harris to appear at the next Superior
Court, to be held for tin- county of How an, to
answer this petition, otherwise it will be heard
cx parte. Leave is j.pven to the petitioner to ex
amine testimony without giving notice to the
defendant ; it appearing the court that he has
absconded and pone without the limits of" the
state, to. parts unknown.
WitticB Alex. Frohock, Clerk of the Ilovan
Superior Court, at Hice.
Onttll4 ALIA". PHOHOCK, C. S. C.
Stat ut" ovt-t!avonn,
ClOLTIT of Pleas and Cl.e.rter Sessions, March
Term, 1H22 Ia!m Thonipson, t;. Iakl
F-vans O. Att. If appearing to 1 lie itisfaction
of the court, that t!ie defendant, David Evans,
i rfslif- licvmul the limit F tit - it u '3
therefore ordered, that publication le ma le in
ttw. uvd,. r.r,,!;.,;, . -u,.,. u.Antt,. ,..
11-- r i .
ur.lcs he, the sal 1 David Evans makes his ap. i W. Lindsay. Attachment.... Levied on a tract of
peararu e at ot:r next Court of Pleas a:d tjuarttr ; land, sundry articles of merchandize, household
Sessions, to be held for said coun'y, at Morgan- j furniture and other property, and Mr. J. Robin
ton, on th'- fourtli Monday in July tu"f, tiarn and son and others summoned "as Garnishees. In
there to replevy or plead to isue, judgment will j thi case it appearing to the satisfaction of the
be taken for the plaintiff's demand a;4a"in-.t him. court, that the defendant is not an inhabitant of
Attest, .!. ERWIN, Link.
3rnt 109 Price adv. 51 50.
SUIIUV COL STY.
er LPERIOR Court of Law, March term, 1S:2. t
T.RIOR Court of Law, March term, 1S:2.
O William Rurch, r. Nancv Rurch Petition
for divorce. It appearing to the satisfaction of
the court, that the defendant in this case resides j
without the limit of the state, it is therefore or
dered, that publication be made in tlui Western
Carolinian for three months, that the defendant
appear at the next Superior Court of I aw to be
hel l for the county of Surry, at the Court-IIouse
in Rockford, on the firt M0nd.1v in September
next, and plead, answer or demur to said peti
tion, otherwise the petition' will be heard cx
parte, and judgment awarded according'v.
Test. J. WILLIAMS, Jr. C. S. C.
Zm 109 Price adv. S? SO
(BOUNTY Court of Pleas and Quarter Sessions,
J April Term, A. IK 1822....Ptter Poniey vs.
Christian Reinhanlt Original attachment, lev
ied on six negroes and sundry articles of person
al property. It appearing to the satisfaction of
the court, "that Christian Reinhardt, the defend
ant, isnot an inhabitant of this state : It is there
fore ordered by court, that he appear at the next
county cotirt of I'leas and Quarter Sesi:or.s, to
be held for Lincoln countv, at the Court-House
in Lincolnton, on the third Monday in July next,
replevy and plead to issue, or judgment by de
fault final will be entered up against him." Or
dered, by court, that publication hereof be made
three month successively in the Western Caro
linian. 3mtll 2r
Test, VARPRV MT.EE, C. C.
C10T;1IT of Pleas and Quarter Sessions, !!
i Term, 1822 Christopher Swaim, rr. Jh
Mills Atta. levied in the hands of Moses Swaim
and others. It appearing to the court that the
defendant in this case is not an inhabitant of this
state It is trdt-r;l, that publication be made
for six weeks in the Western Carolinian, printed
in Salisbury, for the sa d defendant to appear at
the court of Pleas and Quarter Sessions, to be
held for the county of Randolph, on th? fust
Monday in August next, and plead, answ er or
demur, otherwise judgment will be entered
JESSE HARPER, C. C. C.
ewt'9 Price a Jv. S-
State o XorlU-CtvrcAina,
A SHE COUNTY. j
COURT of Pleas and Quarter Sessions, May
Sessions, 1822 Elizabeth HurnpLris, Ad
ministratrix, x. John Huinphris Original At
tachment Ambrose Parks summoned as Gar
nishee. Whereas it appears to the satisfaction
of the court that the defendant is an inhabitant
of another state, it is therefore ordered, that
publication be made fur three months in the
Western Carolinian, that the defendant appear
at the Court of Pleasaud Quarter Sessions, to
be held for the county of Ashe, at the Court
House in Jefferson, on the 2d Monday after the
4t!i Monday in Octobtr next, then and there to
answer, plead, or demur, otherwise judgement
will be taken pro confesso. j
I, Thos. Calloway, certify, that tlie foregoing
is a true copy of record, as appears from the
minutes. " I3wt15p
TIIOS. CALLOWAY, C. C. C.
" NO RTH-C A R OLINA,
In Equity Spring Term, 1822.
4 LEXANDEU GIMV ami Jes,e Harper, Ad
1 V mintstra'ors, w ith tlie will annexed, of Sol
onion Parke, deceased, aguinst John Morgun and
others It appearing to hv court t'tat Aiigiss-
tus 11. Long-street and Frances Kliabetli his w ife,
Jac! Flowers, and Polh his wife, reside with-
out this state : It is Otxlervd, that publication be
I made for six weeks in the Western Carolinian,
f'"7'-f " n appear at the next term of this cr-nr.
j and plead, answer or demur, otherwise the bdl
j 6u t9
n. ki.lio i r, c.ji. l.
Price adv. gj.
C10CKT of Pleas and Quarter i-essiens", May
J Term, 1822 Marmadukc Swalm. t. Jci
lills. Atta. levied in t!u hands cf 15. Elliott
" and others. It annearimr to the court that the
defendant in this case is not an inhabitant of this
state It is Ordered, that publication be made
J flr tix weeks in the Western Carolinian, printed
in Salisbury, for the said defendant to appear at
the court of Picas and Quarter isessioj.s, to be
held for the countv of Itandolph, on the first
j Monday of Augtist next, and plead, answerer
demur," otherwise judgment will be entered'
JESSE HARPER, C. C. C.
6wt9 Price adv. S2.
("lOL'RT of Pleas and Quarter Stsons May
J Term, 1822...MichaelSw aim, r.Porr.roy Ii;
ley. Atta. levied in the hands of Joseph Hodg
en and others.. ..It appearing- to the court that the
defendant in this case is not an inhabitant of this
ate It is Ordered, that publication be made
lor six weeks in the Western Carolinian, printed
in Halisbury, for the said defendant to appear at
the court of Pleas and Quarter Sessions, to be
held for the county of Randolph, on the first
Monday of August next, and plead, answ er or
demur, otherwise judgment will be entered
JESSE HARPER, C. C. C.
6wt'9 Price adv. 2.
C10CRT of Pleas and Quarter Sessions, Mav
Term, 1822 Thomas Greer, x s. San uel
; this state, or has absconded, or so conceals him
; self that the ordinary process of law- cannot be
; served on him : It is, therefore, ordered, that
j publication be made for three months in the
I Western Carolinian, that unless the said defend
ant appear at the next court ot Pleas and Quar-
ter Sessions, to be held for the county of Meek
'ennurg-, at the Court-IIouse in Charlotte, on the
fourth Monday of August next, and replevy,
judgment final by default will betaken against
mm, ana tnc case heard ex parte.
Test. ISAAC ALEXANDER, C..U. C.
3mt'lG Price adv.
"IOURT of Pleas and Quarter Sessions, May
V- I erm, lisZJ tames W dson, r. Samuel W
Lind.sav. Attachment.... Levied in the hands of
Alex. Porter, Richard Robinson, and others, and
thev summoned a Garnishees. In this case it an
pearing to the satisfaction of the court, that the
defendant is not an inhabitant of this state, or
has absconded, or so conceals himself that the
ordinary process of law cannot be served on him :
It is therefore Ordered, by the court, that publi
cation be made for three months in the Western
Carolinian, that unless the said defendant appear
at the next court ot Pleas and Quarter Sess.ons,
to be held for the county of Mecklenburg, at
the Court-IIouse in Charlotte, on the 4th Monday
of .August next, and replevy, jndgment final by
default will be taken against him, and the case
heard cx parte.
Test. ISAAC ALEXANDER CM. C.
dint'lf Price adv. S
11 g 1'oy Sale.
THE subscribers have in their possession for
sale, a new panned Gig, made in New-York,
which will be disposed of on reasonable terms.
R ANDOLPH & YOUNG.
SaliJibtirtf, March 18, 1822. 93
Wan Aw 05
IROM the subscriber, on the
27th of May, a negro man
named SAMRO, about 26 or 27
years ell, tall, and rather inclin
ing to yellow. He has a dim scar
on bis left cheek, an inch or bet
ter long, is of a good countenance,
and well spoken. Anv person
that w ill take him and confine him so that I get
him, or bring him home, shall be handsomely re
warded. LEMUEL I). J0IINSTOX.
Mjj 33, 1S22. H7r
FROM THI HAL CIQa KEr.lSTtR.
DEBATE ON TIIE
HOUSE OF COMMONS, DEC. 1821.
Mr. Stanly said, that rising under
the disadvantage of addressing the
House, after the subject had been ve
ry fully discussed, he would detain
them but a short time, while he humblv
gleaned over the field which others had
The question under consideration is
not one of the common interest of le
gislation, an error in which admits of
an early correction. We have before
us a proposition to abolish that Consti
tution which we, and our fathers be
fore us, have reverenced as the charter
of our liberties, and to trust to the un
certainty of chance for a better. Be
fore we venture upon this hazard, let
us cast an eye to the Constitution v hich
it is proposed to destroy. The instru
ment we speak of, is not the formation
of yesterday; it is that institution un
der which we have liv ed since the birth
of our Independence ; which has se
cured our lives, our liberty and the
pursuit of happiness ; which has prov
ed itself amply competent to all the
objects of national prosperity ; which
claims our veneration and confidence
lor all the sanctions which time and ex
perience cin give, and from the assur
ance that under it we eniov everv bless
nig which belongs to man in society.
Vith equal rights to acquire -.nd enjoy
property : the right to honour anil to
office is also equal, and the poorest
man in the community, presses his in
lant boy to his bosom, with the cheer
ing rejection, that with industry, vir
tue and talents, his son may aspire to
the highest offices in the State. Such
is the Constitution we now possess:
the work of man, it cannot be perfect :
like other human institutions, a mix
ture of good and evil, it has its defects :
but the evils imputed to it should not
only be manifest, but should be great,
before we venture on the dreadful ex
periment of destroying it, with no cer
tainty what we are to obtain in its place.
The gentlemen who advocate the call
ol a convention, allege the evils of the
Constitution are to be found,
1. In the unequal representation of
2. In the want of power in the Le
gislature to remove the Judges.
3. In the mode of appointing militia
Other objections, if they have them,
they have not thought proper to men
tion. The objection to the Constitution on
the ground of unequal representation,
is attempted to be supported, upon the
allegation that the right of representa
tion is equal ; that the same number of
persons have the same rights, and
should have the same influence in gov
ernment, or in other words, that popu
lation should govern representation.
In passing to an examination of the
foundation of their claims, ISIr. S. said,
he would barely notice a difficulty
which at the threshold met these advo
cates of equal rights of all persons.
If all persons have equal rights, why
are women excluded? Why are mi
nors excluded ? Because there are oth
er considerations than the mere exis
tence of a person, to support a claim to
a share in government, his views of
which, it was his purpose to offer; at
present, he would without levity say,
that in his opinion, the exemption of
the sex was rather a privilege than an
exclusion : their duties were of a high
er, a more important, and of a more in
teresting nature the instruction of
their children, the care of their house
hold, and the happiness of their hus
The imputed error of representation
under the Constitution is divided into
two parts r first, that the counties of
the Eastern half of the State, with a
less white population, have a greater
number of Representatives in the Le
gislature than the counties of the Wes
tern half; and second, that particular
small counties have as many Represen
tatives as the largest.
To test the solidity ot these objec
tions, it is necessary to ascend to an
inquiry into the elementary princi
ples of society. Societv is not form
ed, said Mr. S. merely to establish the j
right nor to regulate the conduct of its
members, in regard to personal liberty ;
if this were the sole object of govern
ment, the personal liberty being the
same, the rig .ts of all would be equal:
but, (with ut seeking for higher or ol
der authoritv,) from the time when it
was commarded, 41 thou shalt not steal,
thou shalt not covet thy neighbour's
goods," the right to acquire and to en
property is as clearly established,
and is as essential to the enjoyment of
life, as the right of personal liberty.
The rich are pecpley as well as the pocr,
and the right of property, whether
large or small, is alike sacred. This
security equallv benefits those who a!
ready possess, and those who seek to
acquire property it stimulates to en
terprize and industry. Revenue is the
vital principle of government : this rev
enue, property pays. We hold it,
therefore, a fundamental principle in
government, that harriers should be
erected for the security of property ;
that the possessors of the property of a
Stite, or of a District, should have a
weight in its affairs, proportioned to the
contribution they m.'ke to its support,
and to the State which they have pla
ced upon its prosperity. Not in gov
ernment only, but in every association
for the management of property, thi's
principle is seen to operate. In Banks,
in Navigation Companies, in estates
held in common, the influence or con
trol of each proprietor is proportioned
to th amount he has contributed to the
Th.u no man's property can rightful
ly be taken without his consent, in oth
er words, that taxation- and iiepre-sentation-
are inseparable, was the
very b.isis of our Revolution. The vi
olation of this principle by the parent
country, first provoked our resistance ;
on this solid ground, that taxation and
representation were inseparable, our fa
thers planted the Standard of Indepen
dence. To prove this, Mr. S. said hr;
would read ohort extracts from some
of those eloquent remonstrances ad
dressed by the Colonies to Great Bri
tain at the commencement of th . Rev
olutionary contest. The Book was a
volume of Marshall's life of Washing
ton, which he found at hand.
Mr. S. here read extracts from va
rious addresses of the American Col
onies to the British Government, in
which it was claimed as a " fundamen
tal axiom, that taxation and represen
tation are inseparable from each oth
er " That the security of right and
property is the great end of govern
ment ;" 4t That such measures as tend
to render right and property preca
rious, tend to destroy both propertv
and government, for these must stand
or fall together;" That "the propri
etors of the soil are lords of their own
property, which cannot be taken Irum
them without their own consent and
44 that it is essentially a right that a man
shall quietly enjoy and have the dispo
sal of his own property."
From what source more pure can au
thorities be drawn ? But he would not
limit the range of inquiry : In every
country where the right of property ex
ists, the rule must be found. All Re
publics, ancient and modern, Sparta,
Athens, Rome, V enice, Bern and Hol
land, all had their separate body rep-
resenting property and rank. The ma
jority m every country are men with
out property ; if numbers alone should
decide, the greater number would take
the property cf the less. Certainly
that government cannot be free, nor can
it enjoy Constitutional liberty, which
excludes the people, however poor,
from a share in its administration : thev
are the bones and sinews of the State.
and their voice must be heard : yet as
suredly all power of government is not
to be trusted, uncontrolled, in such
hands. In every age, and in every
climate, man is the same ; unchecked,
he is found unjust, tyrannical and cru
el. The rights of the minority must
be protected ; Government must be
balanced with a view to the protection
of the whole, and to that end, in a gen
eral sense, and in a general form, prop
erty must have its weight and influ
ence. This principle for which he con
tended, Mr. S. said, had existed in this
country from its earliest settlement.
The gentleman from Salisbury, (Mr.
risher,) had reminded us, that long-
prior to the Revolution, a freehold