Voir.), tt dsj of It'll fi got tl.ciifoi
.ncr ;niv.,tiar,, amidst joys that 'ult
uf viler li-pu'r' ii capable of ii.spi;m;.
1 lu-y ha J kept it c? till a fc'r or rulher an
ftirly hour nti SiiiJ-y mos -ning ; ar.d U the
breaking up cf tf.c farry, uudi so much
r.oisc in (he street;, w j-.c ureal oiL-siee
to (he actions and MUr ii.haliunis. in
his prayer alter s?rmnn in the forenoon,
Mr. no' iced (heir ii regularity thui
'Oh Lord, while v.c recommend (o (hy
fatherly care ami protection ult ranki and
condition of men, e in a particular man
ner pray for the check and ticking weav
ers of . In thjr wisdom and mercy
be pleased to send them either iruir sense
or lesa siller!'
About the time when the volunteer sys
tem was introduced, a corps was raised in
Mr. -s neighborhood ', their uniforms
uppeared to smart, that many coniidered
them is the most genteel galadrcsst per
haps willing that their patriotism might be
us conspicuous as possible. One Sunday
a youthful hero of this class entered Mr.
-r-'s kirk; and although he could have
easiU found a se.it, seemed to prefer
standing in the passjge, right In front of
the minister; and with much apparent
complacency, often bending his looks to
hi white cassimere small clothes. After
reading ouf the text, Mr. observing
tnat the young man still kept hts terpen
dicular position, pointed to him and called
out, ' lak a seat amang the lave there, lad,
an we'll a look at your Lraw brecks when
the kit k skuil 1 !'
Ucinjj not only indifferent, but inatten
tive, to dress in his own person, he had a
great dis'ike to seeing the silly airs (hat a
new coat or gown will sometimes inspire
in a little mind j and his indignation was
sure to be raised when he saw people
dressing beyond their station. One Sun
day afternoon a girl who attended his kirk
regularly, and who was personally known
to him, came in with a new bonnet cf
greater magnitude and more richly orna
mented, than he thought befitting the
wearer, lie soon observed it, aud, paus
ing in the middle of his sermon, utd,
Look ony o' you that's near hand there,
whether my wife be sleeping ; for I canna
get a Kim ' her for a' thae fine falderals
about Jenny 11 -s braw new bonnet
It happened one Sunday, either from
the weather being warm or the preacher
being less animated than usual, that sever
-alof his auditors exhibited strong symp-
- toms et drowsiness. Alter a pause, long
e.Ajugh to command attention, he called
out' Hold up your heads, my friends,
and mind that neither saints nor sinners
re sleeping in the other world!' t his
short, but energetic address, had its effect
in general ; but one man was so overpow
ercd tint in a few minutes he gave audi
tie demonstration of being sound asleep.
Again the preacher paused, and then in a
loud voice railed out 4 John S this
is the second time I've stopped to waken
you ; but I give you fair warning that if 1
need" to stop a third time, I'll expose you
cy name to a the congregation.
Entftikh .Yewfi.if:H-i. The tax paid to
the British govemrwent on newspapers, is
A 1-2 '. sterling, or about 6 rents tor eve
ry paper. This tax on the Times a daily
paper printed in London is said to amount
to 56 1 C2,296 annually. Every advertise
ment pays a heavy duty to government,
the shortest pay 3 shillings sterling, er 67
cents. A daily paper in England costs a
subscriber about 4') dollars annually. No
credit is given on Newspapers in London.
Man cf War' TaiLtt. The sails and
rordage of a first rate man of war require
180,000 lbs. of rough hemp for their con
struction ; and it is said to average five
arret of land to produce a ton of hemp ;
thus one of tloc monstrous towers of hu
man ingenuity consumes a year's produce
of 42 acres of land to furnish its neces
In answer to an inquiry from the Berks
and Schuylkill Journal, we state that the
Key of the 1'aitite is in the United State.
It is at Mount Vernon, and is the proper
ty of Judge Washington. Dem. i'rttt.
Camion. It should be generally known
that atmospheric air, when suddenly com
pressed to a certain degree, becomes suf
ficiently heated to set fire to gunpowder ;
and therefore, in loading a gun, the ball
hiiotiiu be driven so siowiy m to aiiow the
escape of the :ir contained in the barrel.
It is probable that almost all the acciden
tal discharges of guns, which occur in the
ait of loading, arise from a sudden and
ioleut compression of air.
Mr. Elihu Sexton, of Chenango, a short
time sinrc, while in the act of loading his
rifle, experienced some difficulty, from
the elasticity of the air, in forcing down
the bull, ro overcome which, he made a
sudden and violent effort, by which Lis
gun was instantly discharged, the lock re
maining unaltered. One of his hands was
tetercly l.irrratrri, whilst the charge, in
eluding the uuitoil, was driven through
his other wrist. SrLut't Harbor Gar.
A black man, nick-named 7ko Sab,
in London, lately undertook, Tor a wager,
to hew mii1 swallow a glass tumbler,
which he did, and died soon after in great
1'itoM u. wet:.
By the ship Draper, from Havre, we
have received from' our correspondent a
file of Cali .nani's Paris Taper to the 3d
of May ; the entiacts from which, though
not of a late date, are still of interest.
A'rgrtjivWf m important island in the
lvtmt, has been taken by the Greeks, af
ter several hard fought battles, in which
they were assisted by the troops of the
Peloponnesus. , A large sum of money
sent by the Porte to Chomrhid Pacha h i
been inteiccpted by the inhabitants 'of
The Creeks appear on all sides to be
gaining ground. The provisional govern
ment is removed from Argos, to Corinth,
and has issued a declaration of Indepen
dence, and promulgated a new Constitu
tion. Corinth is the centre and key of
The preparations for war between Rus
sia and Turkey, are still vigorously pro
gressing. Europeans at Constantinople
were gradually embarking.
A Constantinople an embargo has been
laid on all Turkish vessels trading to the
mouth of the Danube.
The Russian flotilla stationed in the
Danube had tailed from Isniael, and is
now at Reni, at the confluence of the
Pruth and Danube. Russian Pontoons,
transported by land, were daily arriving.
I he Emperor Alexander was at the
head quarters ol the Imperial Cuard at
In Spain the Cortes has adopted the
proposition to make commercial regula
tions with the American Cohniet, 44 which
had obtained their independence.'
His Holiness the Pope was recruiting
in health. '.'. Adv.
fUIl ApBLFHI A, JUNE 19.
Yesterdar arrived at this nort. the
schooner Highlander, Cant. Gibson, from
the port of Alvarado,- from which place
she sailed on the SStti May; and brings
oHk lat intelligence from the city of Mex
ico, to the '.Mil of the same month on
which day the Mexican Congress assem
bled in that city, and declared Don Augu.
tineXturbidc.thirf of that government,
with the title rf Kmfiertr. We have re
ceived a copy of the Proclamation issued
on the occasion published at Mexico.
It appears by the advices through this
channel, that, on the receipt of the intel
ligence from Spain, by the Governor of
the castle of St. Juan d'Uiloa at Vera
Cruz, that the treaty entered into by the
Viceroy O'Donohu with Yturbide, at Cor
dova, having been declared null and void,
that the Congress of Mexico resolved
that every prospect of amicable accom
modation being at an end, determined to
proclaim total separation and indepen
dence of Spain, and the extinction of ev
ery title to allegiance to the royal author
ity of Spain ; and to select a chief of their
own country, and Yturbide was nominated.
The royal general Davilla. at St. Juan
d'Uiloa, had, prior to this act, declared
war against the independents, and issued
orders to all the Europeans, particularly
the troops (hat had capitulated, to take up
arms in support ol the royal authority.
In several of the provinces these orders
were obeyed, and some nartial insui rec
lions followed, but in every instance the
ft a .
independents triumphed, and general
tranquility was established.
Colonel liradburn, in the service of
Mexico, who is the bearer of dcsDatrhes.
brings official information, that a minister
would shortlv.leave Mexico for th IVi.
ted Slates, and in case of any delay, that
Colonel Caret, now' in this city, would be
invested with full power.
Information of the 'resident's Message
to Congress, recommending the acknowl
edgment ol the ludependence of Spanish
America, had been received in Mexico
on the I st of Mar. b? Col. Ilrai!! mm. vhn
carried important despatches from Col.
cortex. 1 he news was received with ex.
Inordinary reioicintrs. illumination. nrt
salvos of artillery were ordered through
out tne citadels ana cities of Mexico.
By these advices we learn that bishop
Mier, who had been seized and rnnHur,!
in St. Juan d'Uiloa, had been released.
His case was made ft subiect of rlcen in.
lerest in Congress ; and the royal gener
al was notified that twelve Spanish officers
of rank should be subjected to the like
treatment as he should sutler ; and the of
fleers were set apart by lot. and their
names communicated. The venerable
bishop was thereupon released and res
tored to his country. He was at Alvara
do when the ship sailed.
Gen. Wilkinson was at the city of Mex
ico, and in good health. lie is entirely
silent on politics, having business which
requires abstraction wholly from stu h A
1 fw of our i in .ens have a suTirictitly
c J'prihrfisivc idea cf the impmt.ir.ee if
a countiy which is now ereucd into an
Empire, and of w hich Augusti ic .tu
bule as declared ... tit, bv a!uuc
f'f the Mexican Congress of Tith Ma.
That excellent Ixmdon Jouinui 44 Hell's
W cekly Messenger" has a seiies of No,
on the 44 opening of S. America ;" some
dutkh are devoted to Mrxtco. We
seue a few of the facts which it presents,
and group them together , for our readers.
The Messenger represents the territory
of Mexico as greater than the Russian
Empire in Asia, or the whole extent of
the United States of America its fiotu
,'uthn to be ejual to that of Great Uritaiii
before the peace of Amicus its revenue
exceeding 10,000,000. Its mines pro
duce annually 823,000,000 in gold and
,silver, being half the amount of the whole
produce of the precious metals from all
th mines i,i the world Its importation
exceeds 2o millions of dollars; its expor
tation, in agricultural, manufacturing; and
mineral produce, 16 .millions 44 about
half the total export and import of Great
Ilritain." Mexico, the metropolis of this
large empire, is described as superior to
Bny city in the world, with the exception
of St. Petersburg and London, for the
regularity and breadth of its streets, the
grandeur of its public places, its neatness,
freshness and activity. The houses are
almost all built of stone, adorned with pi I
lars of porphyry. The great square (Pla
za Masor ) is peculiarly magnificent ; equal
in size to Russell s square in London, su
perior to any In Paris, is surrounded on
all sides by an open piazza, supported on
pillars of porphyry, beautifully worked
and delicately proportioned. It is adorn
ed by some noble monuments of the ge
nius of the people ; an University, Pub
lie Library, an Academy of Sciences und
Fine Arts, the mint, military and naval
asylum, he. &c.
A spacious and fertile region like this
which has sustained such prosperity even
under the withering touch of Spanish mis
rule, must start into ctganli'-. existence
under the auspices of a fiee government,
administered upon wise principles.
All the lies between Mexico and Spain
are now dissolved ; and lurbide is for
mally declared Emperor. Certainly the
most (iifncult of all problems is to us er
tain the degree of liberty for which na
tion is qualified! which has just h iken
olf the fetters of bondage. Is Mexico,
with her established hierarchy, and the
comparatively small number of landed
proprietaries, the richest in the world, ca
pable of enjoying a constitution, as free us
that of the U. States ? We should cer
tainlv hesitate before we laid down such a
proposition 7 and jet-we -are disposed Jo
suspect the professions of a man, who
would wear the title of Emperor, and yet
pretends to take Washington for his ex
ample. The whole conduct of Yti rbide
is indeed under a cloud. In the long ac
counts of the Revolution which Mr. Wil
cox presented last winter to Mr. Adams,
and published with the official papers, there
was room to doubt of the sincerity of his
views. His recent election creates a
deeper doubt. Bonaparte himself, when
he took the. first step to power, did not
part with all hs professions for the liber
ty of France. The Mexican may be
playing the same game and au impar.
lial world iil hold him to the proof Rut
they will abide hy his acts, not by his hon
ied professions. They will ask, whether
the adoption of the imperial title is the
best means by which Yturbide means to
prepare his people for a free constitution ?
whether the Mexicans, with all their li.ib
its of bondage, and all their landed and
clerical aristocracy, were not capable of
having a President as their ( lucf Magis
trate! like (lie Republic of Colombia?
whether, if this man were the apoatle of
Liberty and the Votary of Washington,
lie has shewn his attachment by assuming
a title which the new world ought to abhor
and by setting an example, which the
aspiring chicftms of the Southern Prov
inces may he disposed to imitate ? YVhy
may not San Martin attempt to play 'the
same game as Yturbic'e has done I
Meanwhile, the influence of our free
constitution must te felt in Mexico. Ev
ery where, indeed, it must be more or less
felt. 'I his example of prcspetity which
a people enjoys under a free constitution
cannot be entirely thrown away, even up
on the Austrian or the Russian. It must
be felt with greater force among our
neighbors. Let their press be free, tmd
Mexico must catch much of our inspira
tion. Even in Mexico, already there is
much division of sentiment upon the es
tablishment of the monarchy. The Nat.
Caxctte has received a file of the Mexi
can papers, styled The Sun which, it
says, is full of disruss'on about the forms
of government some parts of the si my
have manifested a predilection for a Re.
public the cavalry regiment, No. 1 1, had
made known to the Congress that the suf
frage of its officers was r.t for the 44 tem
pered monarchy s.ncrioiicd hy the assem
bly ," but for the Republican foim, Sec
One of the essayists in the Sun says,
however, that "as in a human frame a
sudden transition from one extreme to an
other is impossible or dangerous, so has
it alwayj been remarked to be the case
with bodies politic. The mental improve
ment and social virtues neccssaiy lor4rf
rrative republican government, unfortu
nately do not, eg yet, exist in the mass ol
the people." Hit h. ::.
1 he Aurora makes some just reflec
tions on this event, though e arc dispo
sed to fear it betrays too strong a confi
dence in the professions of ihe man i with
this single caveat, we submit the fullow
ing extracts from the last Aurora :
44 It would be the tx'ieme of disingc
tiuity to forbear expressing on iiu.li an oc
casion (he opinion, that tltc trca.i'jU ' u;
imicriul government in Mexico, is mi oc
currence which calls for the most serious
attention of the United States ; and we
shall be very explicit in what we have to
say on this subjec(, because we Know it
will come under the eye ol the eminent
character who is most conspicuous in tho
event. There may not be that danger
from .the imperial regime, under the pres
ent occupant of that station ; nor h it in
fact that the form in Mexico corresponds
with the Jormi of the same denomination
in Europe. ' The title of emperor in Mex-'
ico is obnoxious from the idea of abndute ;
deiotimn, with which it is associated in i
European and Asiatic idiom. In Mexico
so far, it is no more in fact than the title of
p.remlcnt; and being associated with an ,
elective representative legislation, will be
in fact, only a mixed monarchy or an ex
tended aristocracy with a chief. It is the
itaue that is to be apprehended the pres
ent chief jluguitin iturbnte, so late us the
8th of -Miry last, made the Unsought dec
laration, which he had so often made be
fore, that he had determined deliberately
and irrevocably to follow the great exam
pie of the illustrious, Washington; and
when order and constitutional government
should be restored, to retire to hts estate, lu
thc character or an untitled private cAucn.
44 So far then the danger is in some dc
gree removed of an empire placed between
the reiubhcfvi the north and south or the
new world; but who can furcsce thc char
' . . , . ,. .. f ..
acter, or anticipate the disposition of a lu-
ture successor? We think it lit to state
these sentiments, and to say that, in cur
opinion, the only forms of rovernmciit
adapted to the new world, are constitu
tional, equal, and representative, und di
vested of titles that cany odium from the
analogy which they bear to thc despotisms
of Europe and Asia."
The Ixiat Qongrcn. Never did any Le
gislative body excite such general disap
probation as this has done. From Maine
to Louisiana, but one sentiment ii ex
pressed in the public prints. We sin
cerely hope that the members, who ha-,c
an opportunity afforded them'e.f doing so
at the next Session, will use every exer
tion to atone for past offences, und will, by
a dignilied and manly course, regain that
pubhc confidence which they seem to ' rt , t j , . f , . ,
have MTcomplctely lost. We hope they T ? P ' " breaSt
will be comlnced that the cood neonle oft0' cvcry Anic,1. under whatever cir-
jur fiee country are enlightened people, cumstanccs, or in whatever land, it may
tid tha( it is not on money they have fix- find him. Maj. J. M'Clclland presided
ed their whole affections, regardless ofUS presil!cnt, assisted by Dr. S. L. Per
the means by which it is made or saved. . ... ., . .
We believe the creat body of the neonle I rant, M X ""resident. After me cloth
wish to see our Government conducted
economically, but not parsimoniously.
They would not prostrate the dignity of
the country by measuring out to its pub
lic officers merely a daily allowance, nor
would they place it at the mercy of for
eign powers, by disbanding our seamen,
and thc small remains of our gallant army,
no, not even if direct taxes should be thc
consequence of retaining them. They
exult too much in thote noble and glori
ous men, who so often during thc late war
silenced the British thunder on thc land
and the seas, they yet feel too sore froii'
the disastrous defeats, which our army
I sustained at the commencement of that
i war, to risk a recurrence of those disas
ters, by lilaeinc thrmirlvr in a unno
t j i 1 1 ' -
situation than (ha( war found us. The
idea of saving a dollar, has not the magi
cal effect upon the generous and high
minded citizens of these states, w hich the
wcu!d-be Snowing ones at W'ashingte.n
suppose, they have limits which they es
timate higher than all their wealth, they
have .icfjuned a dignity of character,
which they will retain at thc expense or a
part of it. We do hope, then, that the
next session of Congress will exhibit a
more enlightened and patriotic course
than the last has done. If there are abu
ses in any Department of the Government,
let those abuses be corrected, if the s-Ja.
ities of any of our officers are greatly Le
;yond a reasonable compensation for thc
.duties they perform, let them be lowered,
if there are any sinecure offices, let them
jbe abolished, the people wih these things
done. Rut to lake the last session for the
evidence, there is ceitainly no Depart
ment in the Government in which there
is greater abuse than this, nor any officer
so exorbitantly paid as the Members.
Can wc support the first position? To
what have the exclusive efforts of mem
hti been lirfct?fl in the i'JTT?rt".!S pd
hai rassing calls on the Executive for in
formation To the public good ? Let the
call for Mr. Russell's letter answer. Was
the public concerned in this? No, their sole
object has been thc advancement of the
pretensions of different men to the Presi
dency. Is it not an abuse of their hijh
trust to use it for such a pat pose. IT
these personal views had no influence over
their proceedings, how long a time would
have been necessary to enable them to
dischaige correctly and dispassionately,
all (he business which was done during
the session X certainly, hot more than half
ti e time during which they were receiv
ing compensation. Then we arrive at
this conclusion, that while serving thc
public, the members received RIO a day.
Wc venture to predict, that if a similar
course be pursued at the next session, the
next election will introduce more new
members into the I louse, than did the last.
7 -1'.. J. J ' .
Tt l DAY MOUNISt;, JL'I.Y 'J,
.1MFJUCJX I.YM.PF.A n&VCi:.
The anniversary of our National Rirtli
Day was celebrated in this place on Thurs
day last. The weather was fine ; and no
untoward event Inan cd the festivities of
the day. All classes of citizens seemed
to feel the inspiration of the occasion, and
to be suitably impressed with the import
tancc ind the giandcurof the event which
this day commemorates. The blcssingt
which we enjoy appeared to be stamped
with greater value by the recollections
which the day awakened, and the fire of
'TG was enkindled in every heart.
At 12 o'clock the ciiucns assembled at
j the Coutt-lloiise, ugrccably to previous
arran(;emcnt5, whcn thc Declaration of
, , , ,-,..
I P"" h h much effect,
A- I ohrkxck, jun. after which an
Oration was pronounced by II. C. Jones,
Es.p replete with American and patriotic
ri,,. ri,.,,.. ,..,r.i r i
tcc'.tng. 1 he presence of the I air, whose
sm,,es aie ,1,c bcst ,,,c dearcst reward
fr every honorable enterprizc and deed
of noble daring, and w hich impart anima
tion to the orator, and life to the audience,
gave additional eclat to the scene. Thc
transactions at the Court-House conclu
ded with several well discharged" vollies
of musketry by a detachment from Copt.
At 3 o'clock, a very respectable num
ber of gentlemen sat down to un excellent
dinner, prepared by Mr. U '.. . Stuuf
ter: among thc guests, we no'.iccd sever
al gentlemen from our sister states, who
were invited to join in commemorating a
day which calls up a thousand tender, and
i Wa3 rernove(' the following set toasts were
drank to, interspersed with numerous pa
triotic and enlivening songs :
1. The fourth of Julv. 1776 The hirth rf
American glory memorable in the annuls of the
2. The Menu-"! and Statesmen nf the Revolu
tionary War When Americans cease to vrner
ate their memories, they will become unworthy
to he free.
3. The I'nion of the State The man th.it
would impair it, in a fit (igurf for the "hand of
storn to point iis slow unmoving finger at."
A. The State rf North-Carolina 'I no virtuous
to intrigue for appointments, and too proud t"
5. liic I'nivcrsity of Nnrth-Carulina, and the
otln r Scivinarici of Learning.
p. A Cener:tion of the free people cf North.
Cahd.ns When the Lcgihturf feel power and
torrM riht, the next appeal ii to the people
thifiistlvis, the source of all political power.
7. Internal Improvement A anhVicney of
resources, if well discharged. More of practice
ami less of theory.
P. 1 he Navy cf the t'nitcd States Hie tri
dent of Ne ptune U pawing from thc Eastern t;
the Western hemisphere.
9. The mrmo-v nf ihr Vi'dor r.f l.tc r,
...!! I,-!- I.:. 1:1 :.. n 1
10. The Independent States of South Amer
ica Lite ti they have broken the sh icklesof
Tyranny, aiyl may thrv, likcu appreciate thc
blevaings .f a free Kovernment.
11. 'I he cause ol the patriot Creeks May
they be as successful in their struggle, as the
heme of the American t evolution, in subduing
their enemies and erecting a free govemmrnt.
Ii The Holy Alliance Ihe legitimacy of
kings their creed the destruction of liberty,
their ohji-ct. Mar the ciirsci of hate, and the,
hisses of acorn, of the whole worlJ, rest upon
them. ' '
U. Thc downfall of the colonial system The
perseverance of the t'ni' t J States has dune ninth
to produce it.
After the regular toasts were finished,
a number of volumccrs were given, ac
companicd, likewise, with appropriate
songs. We look down (he following at
tfi tiiiic, which, we Lciicvc, comprise
- -.1".. iw. i.j.ii ,i aaiii.
nearly all that were drank :
Its .M ij. J. .1TW.iiif. The. Fair Ses Our
greatest glory. .Without them, should not
be here to enjoy this day.
Jhi lir. S. I,. Forum!. Thc land we live in
May it always enjoy peace, happiness, and indc
pendenr, H i .Mr. Kilter. The Orator of the Day.
Hy. Mr.. Martin. 1 he patriot deiu ral liolivar
.May his future conduct he such as to merit tins
envious appellation of thc Washington of Sout'.i
y .V-. Jvnet. John C. Calhoun the Star of
Hy .Mr. In jtt-e-t, r.f Crtrg-ia.Xht Fathrr
of our country Over his tomb the Genius of
Tyranny and Liberty both weep the former,
that he ever lived; the latter, that he ever died
!;' .1iy. J. Cetud. Our guest from Georgia,
Mr. lngstrcet, vho has so liberally caterU;n.
cd ui this day.
Jh .Mr. .Martin, (after the President had re
tired,) The health of our President.
Uil Mr. .Milot. To the patriot Greek
the justice of .Vri.ide, and tin rour.nje o:'