ij J W Ifei ill
raiSTr.n Aitu niiiiiimi, i.vmit timiut,
Rr JUN'CIIAM k WII1TK.
Tite ftnhscripl'ionjo the Yl hit; us CAiWisiAf
is ;iw Wir per annum, payable half-yearly
ffj"N pi'P'-r will' bo 'discontinued until !1
arrearuj;? arc paid, unless at the discretion of
the Kditorsi and any subscriber failing1 to give
notice of his wish to discontinue at the end of n
year, will be considered as win.liing to continue
the paper, which will be sent accordingly.
Whoever will become responsible for the
payment o nine papers, shall receive a tenth
gratit. , . - .
AbvtuTisr.jUKTS will be inserted on the cus.
tomary terms. Persons sending in Adver
tisements, must specify the number of times they
wish them inserted, or they will be continued till
ordered out, and charged accordingly.
' No advertisement inserted until it has been
paid for, or Its payment assumed by some person
in this town) or its vicinity. ; ' " ,
C3A1I letters to the editors must be pott-paiil,
or they will not he attended to, .'
ft 1 ft t c o k JV nx 1 -C as oVina,
(10X-RT of Pleas and Quarter .Sessions, May
J Sessions, 1822 Kliabttli Hurnpliris, Ad-
niimstratrix, w. John Mumpluis.,... Original At
tachment Ambrose Parks summoned' as Car-
nishee. Whereas it appears lo the satisfaction
cf the court that the defendant is un inhabitant
qf another state, it is therefore ordered, that
publication be nude fur three months in the
Western Carolinian, that the defendant appear
t the Court of Picas and Quarter Sckjioiw. tu
be held for the county of Ashe, at the Court
House in Jefferson, on the 2d Monday after the
4th Monday in October next, then aiid there to
answer, plead, or demur, otherwise judgment
will be taken pro coufesso,
I, Thos. Calloway, certify, that the foregoing
is a trnc copy of record, as appears from the
TIIOS. CALLOWAY, V.C.C.
SUUc of SorU-uroViiu,
MECKlENJtURG COUNTY. L.
.U.iy A'c'Mi'ont, 1322.
THE Pet'itim of Guy Mxcll, in right ofMs
wife Elinheth, John O.ibiu-y and Alexan
der (iibnty upwut William Citmey and William
Alexander, in rijrht of his wife Nancy, praying
partition 'of the real cs'ate of Nicholas tiibney,
deceased. It appearing to the satisfaction of the
court, that the defendants, William Gibncy and
William Alexander, reside beyond the limits of
this state It is therefore ordered by court, that
publication he made in the Western Carolinian
for six wects, that unless the Said William Gib
ncy and Wilham Alexander appear at our nest
court .of Plea and Quarter Sessions, to be hell
for the county of Mecklenburg, at the Court
House in Charlotte, on the i:h Monday in Au
gust next, to plead, answer, or demur to said pe
tition, otherwise the petition will be heard ex
parte, and judgment awarded accordingly.
Test. ISAAC ALKXASDEK, i.'si. c.
f.aflJ. I'rice adv. j-.
SlTK.TilOn Toiirt i.ri jiw, April Term, 1S22....
Uuth Hants it. Joint Harris It appearing
to the court, by return of two subpo nas that
said John Harris is not t he found in thff tuiin-
v, and the rcijtiijHinn of the act iu u'.hcr rcspoc's
la-iiiir been eotnnliud w ith, it is ordered bv the
court, that publication be made three month" in
the- S eslern Camhuan a id IUi igu bt ar, tor the
Mid John Harris to appear at the next Superior
Court, to be hell for the ceuntv if Hoan, to
auswa.r this pt-tiuon, okutmisc it will be ftcar.l
ex parte. , Iavc is given to the petitioner to ex-
amine testii'ionv without citing notice to the
u ieoil.iiit ; it pjt jiiig to u. o cunri inai ne nu. t
absconded and gnnc withriit the limits of the
state, to par's unknown.
Witness Alex. 1 rnhurk. Clerk of the Houan
?nperior Court, at office.
imtlH AI.KX. l ltOIKiClC. C. ,V. C.
ftlut urN or U-littv uVimi,
1 1H'N fY Court of I'lt and Quarter Sessions
April Term, A. 11. 1K'2'... . Piter l'orney w.
Christian !! inh.irdt....vrioiial a'Uchmcnt, lev
iel om six nrirrtics and sundry articles of person
si property. It appearing to the at'sfa' t;on of I
iU court, tlut Clir.-.n Krmitann, me oiienu.
w:t,1 is not an inhabitant of this state : It is tin re
fore ordered by court, that heap;- arat the next
f-ountr court of Pleas mid Quarter Sessions, to
be held for Lincoln county, at the Court -House
;n Line j'uton, on the third Mon.lar in July next,
i-plev , and nlead to isuc, or judgment uy de
i ndt filial will he entered up aguii'-t him. tr-
e.-re t, by cliurt, that publication hereof be made
'.ivc n.uiilhs sne'CKiisikclv in the WesU'rn Caro
V APPPY M'liKF., C. C.
C'lnfRT of Pkas and Quarter Sessions, May
J Term, lC2.....1a"u s Wilson, i t. Samuel W.
I jndsae. Attachment.... Le:ed in the hands of
Alex. I'orter, Hieliatsl Itohinsoi., and Others, and
hey summoned as Garnishees. In Uus case it ap
nr i i!. !-.Kr.i-i..m m' tb.. court, that the
'.wfendaut is not an inhabitant of this state, or
has absconded, nr so conceals himiell that the
ordinary proems of law cannot be served on him
Jt is therefore fWece4 by the court, that publi-
a'ion be nude for three months in the Weitern
Car d.ni.m, that unless the u I lefcnd.int appear
at the in xt c irt nf I'h-as and Quarter Hunions
to be held for the ceuntv of Mecklenburg, at
the Court-Hoiisc in CharloUe, on the 4th Monday
of Angust m-xt, and replevy, judgment final by
default will be taken aga'uwt him, and the case
heard ex parte.
ISAAC ALFA ANDl'.H. CM C.
Jmt'16 l'i"ce i..lv. S
clock 3 iv, itch
, , , RKPAIUING. , , . -
FIltlR subscribctrcspcctfully informs the pub-.1-
- lie, thut has ajjain taken his shop lit 8.
listmry, on Mam street, opposite lite state Hank,
where he is prepared to execute all orders in
the line of his business, Clocks, Watches, Jta.
elf', tic. repaired on the shortest notice. 11':
solicits the patronage of his friends, his old cus
tomer), and the public, in general, and assures
tnein that he will do their work, and sell them
all articles in his line, on lower terms than at any
other shop in this part of the state. -
SalUhnrn, May 23, 1322.. - .. KJj
r"1IIK subscriber has just received a choice
J. supplv of OltOCEIUKS, which he oilers
for sale on the most reasonable terms, for cah.
Among them are i Sugar, Coffee, Molasses, Hum,
l!ice, Pigs, Unisins, Salt; and also, the iiMial sup
plv of luiifxtiauarkf. ; Likewise, pint uml half
pi'nt luinblers. , THOMAS HOLMES.
10, 1822.-105 ..... . i
Yadkin Navigation Company.
lOTICK is hereby given, that the stock of all
is those stockholders, who may be in arrears
fr all or any part of the first, second, third,
fourth, fifth, sixth,' seventh, eighth, ninth, or
tenth instalments, on the loth day of August
next, that the stock of such delitupicnts will, on
that day, be sold at vendue in the town of Salis
bury. l-KKDF.UirK HAM) LP, .S'ecVy.'
W2A 182-J. 9wl'U
M) committed to the jail iu
. this place, two negroes, who
call thetinehes i'hoiln Jc .dwi,
or Jtiwt JMl. The first men
t'oiied sajs he belongs to Hr.
Tarborough, living in the state
of Georgia) was purchased by
l.i.n in Uorset county. Maryland.
an. I k-i't him at Tiger river, in Soiith-t'.wroliiin,
on his return to Gcoreia. Said boy Charles is
about 35 years cf age, five feet v.vcn and a half
inches lujjli, stoutly tortiicc;. J.inics 11.11 a very
likely man, about five feet e";;bt inches high, Ei
ther of a slender form, supposed to be about S
years of age ; ys lie belongs to Wm. Yates, of
Alabama ; nas pur;li:iS'Ml by iti tit iu Kent county,
Delaware, and left him in company with Charles
and two others, (belonging one of each to .him
self and Tarborough,) at the above named Tiger
river. The Lbt mentioned two succeeded in
making their escape, although in company ith
Charles and James at the tivic thevwerc taken.
AHHAHAM LAW HANCK, J.iihr.
StiUrvi!, A'. C.Jnly , 1 822. 2a i'l 2
VNl) eommitted to the jail in
l.urke conn'.v, N. C. a ne-
gro man, wbotir..t called himself
SVim, anil said he was the proper
ty of Maj. John Cummings, of
SWliiiigtoii, in Geo. but on fur
ther tvimination, he reports his
name to he Jim, and sa s he be
longs tofiamucl Mills, nf York lV.stnft, S.C. He
appears to be about .V) or 4') year of age, five
feet eight or nine inches high, light made, is ac
tive, a'ld pc;tt with a good deal of" .boldness.
'I he owner is requested to come foruard, prove
property, pay charge, an'! take him awav.
JOHN" M'GLIIH"., Jli'ar.
Ju'j V, 1822. Swt'LL
ftUU' siV f)YW-l!nYiAinv,
MECKI.I.M'f RH Cni'NTY.
.V.iv .Y, ;.iu, 1S22.
'ILIUM Fl.lXM St. Thomss Moore
Original a'tarhnicnt levied on Jll'J acres
U" bud. W iici eas it appears to the satisfaction
of the court, that the defendant in this case lives
hrwmd lli. binito of this s'atc tt is thcrcfon
(MW, that publimtion lie made fur i week
in t!ie Western Carolinian, that the defendant
nnear at the court of Picas und Quarter Ses-
wms he nell lr the count v m Mecklenburg',
v t'.ie 4sh Mom'uy in August next, to anacr,
plead or demur, otheruise judgmrut pro cn
f'sv will he entered agiinst him.
Test. ISA AC Al.K.X AXDr.It. c. m. r.
Cwt'12 I'rice !v. S-J-
ftlvu ui Vv)yU-V!youu,
O CPEKlon Court of Law, March Tc r:ti, 1822.
eerov UurnetLti. Lliiah Foitch. Jud. att
levii d on land. It appearing to the court that
the defendant lius out of this state It was
therefore Or.nvf.", that publication be made for
three tunn'hs in the Western Carolinian, that
the si.id r.lijab Fouch appear before the Judge
f the Superior Court of Imw for the county
aforesaid, at the next court to be held at the
Couri-Hnusc in Morganton, on the 4th Monday
i in September next, and replevy and plead to
" ! '...... l.t. 1 a... to 11 I... M.tn...l n.r..i.w 1.1...
nvn , i,r lll.i v in u v vniiivu lull i
for piainti'lf's demand.
Tct. W . W. F.KWLN, C. Jt. S. C.
Z:r:.-2l l':iccsdv. 1. .
XOl'UT f Picas and Quarter Sessions May
J T erm, lS22.n.,.Thonias Grccr, t . Samuel
W. liiulsav. Attaclm.ent....I.eied on a tract of
land, sundry articles of merchandize, household
furmtura atul other property, ana .sir. J. Kotnn
son and others suuiuioneil as tiarnishccs. I
1 this cim it nPliearin' to the satisfaction of the
court, that the defendant is not an inhabitant cl
this uta'.e, or lias absconded, or so conceals lutu
self that the ordinary process of law cannot he
served nn him : It is, therefore, onlercd, that
publication he made for three months In the
SVestrrn Curolinian, that unless the said defend
ant appt ar at thj next roiirt of Pleas and Quar
ter Si ss'ons, to he held for the coun'y of Meek
leiihurg, at the Court-Hoisse in Charlotte, on ti.r
fourth Monday' nf August next, and replevy,
judgment final by delimit will be taken against
lum, aial the case hearu ex pane.
I W.v ISAAC ALK.XANDEU, C..V. C.
! :;rtalG Price adv. 4
: .... UJi, -
Hail! first of Arts, source of domestic ease ;
Pride of the laud, and patron of the eus.
fiiomtuk iMtmcan rAAMtn.
OS THE BEST MODE OF HAHVF.STINC
F.untern Aick, Kent County, Mil. June 20,
. -, , -1822.,
J. H. Skinner, Esq.
" Having derived much valuable apticul
tural information from your useful paper,
I conceive it incumbent on me in return,
to communicate to my brother farmers,
any improvement or discoveries, in my
experience, to facilitate the operations of
Much has been suid in your paper up
on the subject of gathering and securing
the crop of Indian corn. Some writers
recommend cutting down close lo the
ground, with the stock, blades, and ears
together. Others object to this method,
on account of the loss of the blades, which
cannot be dispensed with on farms (hat do
not raise hay, to supply the place of
blades. Another objection is, that the
blade below the ear will decline, before
the corn is sufficiently matured lo cut
, The plan I have pursued for two years
past in securing my corn, I am so well
satisfied with, that I never expect to aban
don it. It obviates the objections to the
system of cutting down, and is, in my es
timation, infinitely preferable to the usu
al method of gathering corn. My object
in writing this letter, is to give you an ac
count of the process of this plan,' that
you may, if you think it of sulTicicnt im
portance, communicate it to the public.
As soon as the corn will bear it, the
blades below the car are stripped off and
secured in the usual way. The stock,
with the ear and top, is then cut close to
the ground with common butchers' knives,
having square svooden handles, the same
as we would cut tops with in the usual
way, fixed at right angles in the lower
end of a stick, the thickness of a hoe han
dle, and about three feet long ; or, to shew
the instrument on paper thus : -(
I'he cutters with this instrument, cut the
slock dose to the ground with one hand,
holding it in the other, and when the hol
ding hand becomes full of stalks, they nre
thrown crossways the furrow, like tops
when cut us usual, each culler taking two
rows, and then throwing together across
the furrow the middle one walks in
Hands follow the cutters, to stack (heir
corn, which is 'done by sitting it up with
the bulk end of the stock a little further
out than the top, two hundred and forty
hills in a stack, or twelve hills by twcr.tr
apart. I find ths to he about the right
si vie for a stack in the field to stand with
out tying, and to cureVjll. Uy the time
a whole field is cut dovfTti and blacked, the
first cutting will be cured enough to haul
off and put in larger stacks, one cart load
to a stack, made in the same way as in
the field. I make my stack yard adjoin
ing my feeding yards; and os the corn is
husked out, the stacks are put in ricks, to
j? frd to the c'tr dunn1 the wjrttr
These stacks will stanJthe whole winter,
and the corn is as good as if in the corn
house- Uut it is unnecessary to let them
stand, Tor you may husk them out befoie
your neighbors nre done gathering in the
usual way. .-
The advantage 1 find in this plan are
these : that I can cut erui stack my corn
in the field, as soon as 1 can secure my
top fodder after pulling blades ; that the
bunds thut would be employed in sitting
up corn atul hotitit,. in t-ccding wheat
nmong the stalks can draw the corn olT the
field before the seeding ploughs, and stack
it w here it is to stand, and be husked out ;
that I have double the corn provender fot
my rattle obtainubte in the old w?y ol
-it i if ti
gathering corn, and can make more than
double the mtuntity'of manure; that my
corn is gathered and secured by lb? lime
I have finished seeding wheat, that I have
no occasion of cat ting over my wheat,
perhaps through mire, to gather corn, nor
is any of it left covered up in the ground
in tending wheat ; and finally that my
coin Is sounder, heavier, and reputed the
bet "corn that is carried to the Baltimore
market, Miice I have adopted this pLin.
Iam, Sir, yours, &c- .
, , JAME8 lilNCCOLD.
P. S. I omitted to tate that I consider
my wheat crops to be better, on account
of the wheat being better put in, and no
carting on it after the corn is removed.
ASHES FOR MANURE.
Ashes, as a manure, are very deservedly
rising in the estimation of Agriculturists ;
but they have hitherto been considered as
suitable only for low and moist soils: a
cold and sou r spot undoubtedly needs
them morethananyother.butl have, after
long experience, found them better than
any other manure, in all sorts of lands.
They are, besides their nutritive (jiiaVuie
an excellent antidote to the ravages of
worms and insects ; consequently are bet
ter calculated for cubbages, turnips, cu
cumbers, melons, peas andoilierpulsc: the
ashes should be spread evenly, and not in too
great quantities Wood ashes are an ex
cellent nourishment for the roots of trees ;
they restore to trees what has been taken
from thent. Ashes should always he laid
on the hurficc, for there is nothing in them
that will evaporate; their tendency is
rownwards, and their halts kink too- low,
if they be put under the surface. They
should be spread upon planted ground im
mediately before rain, which will dissolve
and soften their acrimony, for tender
plants, in dry weather, will be apt to re
ceive injury from them. A few bushels
on an acre are a good dressing for low,
grass lands. ' Ashes in their full strength
are certainly preferable lo manure, but
when leached they answer a very good
purpose ; the earthly particles are but lit
tle diminished, and some of the saline par
tides remain. Am Lssex Farmer.
I ROM THE l IUnj.l STOX WlBlt HI.
the L.iir of trwons.
" It has been decided at the Dorset
Assizes, in the case of a Baronet's wi
dow, that, by the custom of the manor,
a widow, entitled to an estate during
widowhood, forfeits it by lncontmen
cy." London paper.
So much for the law of England,
which, as w e see, is confined to certain
The law of France has lately been
settled in the lame way ; but extends
throughout the Kingdom. 1 extract
irom the London I lines of January
18, 1822, the following paragraph :
u A French widow has lately been
disappointed, bv the principal tribunal
of Toulouse, in an expedient which
(.he had adopted to satisfy at once, her
husband's will and her own. The
whole of her husband's property was
left her on condition of her not marry
ing again. She took the property, and
did not marry ; but was unlucky
enough to have several children. The
question was, whether this notorious
breach of the spirit of the husband's
will was not sufficient to defeat her
right in the property. After a long
argnmint, the court decided that it
In England, an estate given during
chaste widowhood, would be lost m the
same manner, in every rase. Without
this express condition, this law is appli
cable only to certain districts, or man
ors. Among these are the manors of
East and West Enborne, in Berkshire,
where, if a cusloivarij tenant die, the
widow shall have what the law calls hrj
fieebeiich in all his copy-hold lands,
while she lives single and chaste ; out
if she deviates, she forfeits her estate.
Yet, if she will, even after such devia
tion, come into the court, riding hack
wards upon a black ram, with bis tail
in her h ind,and say the words follow
ing, the steward of the manor is bound.
by the cut ton, to re-admit her to her
iftn vjiun jl thick ra.-n,' tfc.
4 A w hve, doubtlc?, no such wi-
dowB among us, it would be ukcUf.i to
state more of the condition of restitu
tion ; the curious, however, may be
gratified by reference to the Spci tator,
No. 614, win re the poor widow's cow
festt'ton is printed at hn;th. The
who'col this number it well written
and instrur tivt ; a d, as modern novels
have nearly driven tb "Spectator"
out of circulation, I will extract a sen
tence or two from this production of
Mr. Addison, who probably did notaf
ihat time foresee that marriage with a
widow would cost him his life..
" If we look into this class of wo
men, we '.find that, according to thn
different rhar.-rtm or circumstances
wherein they are left, widows may be
divided into those who raise love, and
those who raise compassion.
" There are two things in which
consists the glory of a widow ; thu
love of her deceased husband, and the
care of her children ; to which may Le
added a third, arising out of the for
mer, such a prudent conduct as may
da honor to both." A widow possess
ed of alt these qualities, is not only a
virtuous, but a sublime character.
There is something 60 great and gen
erous in this st ite of life, when it is
accompnnieJ ivith all its virtues, that,
i'i the person of Andromache, it is the
subject of one of our finest tragedies."
ART Of FI.YIXG.
A writer in the Baltimore Morning
Chronicle enters on a formal vindica
tion of Mr. Bennett's project lor fly
ing, nccounts for the general ridicule
which this adventurous proposal has
drawn forth, upon the principle of a
universal prejudice against strange in
ventions, and cites the following au
thorities in support of the feasibility
of Bennet's plan.
lioger Bacon, a man of great g;
nius, expresses himself, that it is pos
sible to make a flying machine, so that
a man sitting in the middle, can by
some expedient produce a rotary mo-
tton, wnicn snau occasion me percus
sion of artificial wings on the air like
the flight of a bird.
It has also been recorded, that at the
coronation of Edward VI. an Arrago
nese descended a rope stretched from
the battlements cf St. Paul's steeple to
the ground, running on his breast as if
it had been an arrow from the bow ;
and in the thirteenth century a monk
nmed Elmurous, flew above a furlong
from the top of a tower in Spain ; also
a flight was attempted from St. Mark's
steeple in Venice, and at Nurcmbttg,
a man named Dante of Pcrouse, by
means of a pair of wings was enabled
to fly; while, amusing the citizens he
fell on the top of St. Mary's church,
and broke his 'high ; Bcsnier, a lock
smith of Sable in France, obtained
considerable effect from the aid of four
In the year 1808, Mr. Dcgan, a
watch maker oi Vienna, actually real
ized the most sanguine expectations;
it is said he mounted in the air, and
exhibited by the means of wings a
flight resembling that of a bird.
Bishop Wilkin was so confident of
success, that he anticipated at some fu
ture day, a person should as readily
call for his wings as his horse before
starting for a journey.
Sir George Cayley, a philosopher of
a later day, examined this subject, as
serted that it was possible for men to
fly, and constructed a small instrument
for this purpose, which is described in
the 24th volume of Nicholson's jour
nal, which is extremely curious.
From the facts above mentioned, atvl
the opinions of the scientific, it docs
not appear that the art of fix ing and
constructing machines for that purpose,
are bv any means visiouary, but foun
ded on strict philoaopical principle.
A. machine has been constructed by
Dr. Bushncl of Connecticut, which by
means of manual power, could be pro
pelled under water, and heavy bodies
are daily seen propelled by steam with
arnazirg velocity. Now upon consid
ering the atmosphere in common with
w ater, and the effects produced by me
chanical powers being the same cn
both fluids, it is rational, provided light
substances arc employed, and these so
disposed as to move with sufficient ve
locitythat fcimilar effects could be
produced in the atmosphere, nnr doif