appear nvure incredible, lint O'C- art
of flying could be so improved, than
to iM.ii.vc, that, lightning cui.M lie
bro'uvt harmless at the f'-ft if a
Fnnkli.i that a lamp could be to con
atructed by means f covering of wire
gauze, as to (rive the miner liht, while
Working among g.isc as lurVonaLde as
gunpowder, or tli.it men CouUl ascend
in the air, by Incurs of a Hum bag fill
ed with hot air. In oar country, w here
the aits Languish 1 r waiit ol encour
agement, the last mart of ingenuity
hould be noticed with rr'pct t, that all
fnay have ambition to excel iu thus?
which have, and may confer, such last
ing benefits on the world.
He comet, this tienJJ of a noisy world,
News from all nation, lumb'ring at hit back.
iaua tii satani atresia.
LATE FROM JELVfl.tVA
Captain Harris, of the ship -fly f,V
a"i, arrived hero lust evening iu 35 days
from Milford Hjven, hs politely furnish
ed ut with a file of paper tuiitaii.'nn
London ri 'testa 3lst May eleven day
later than Ix-fore received.
There now appears to be a prospect cf
an amicable iraiieinerit of the differen
ces bet -t-en Rus4 d the Porte.' The
latest despatch from Vienna contains what
is called a full confirmation of the impor
tant fact, that the forces of the Sublime
Porte, are evacuating the principalities of
vioiuavia anu vv aiiacnia.
Rumors of a counter revolution in
Spain have been industriously circulated
in the French papers, but are contradic
ted in later accounts. Disturbances in
Lisbon are also spoken of. .
The distress in Ireland increases. In
the Waterfori Chronicle of 30th May, it
is stated that the putrid carcass of a cow
which had died of a loathtome disease was
most voraciously seized upon by some
The most important extracts which we
have gleaned on a hasty perusjd of the
papers will be found below.
LONDON, MAT 27.
The following is an extract of a private
letter from Constantinople, dated April
25, received this morning by an eminent
house in this t.tty
" I take this opportunity of statin!
piece if information I hive had from
good authority, which will no doubt dis
pel all fears as to the probability of war.
1 he Porte his finally consented to evacu
ate Wallachia and Moldavia ; by this lime
the troops are withdrawn. The publii
feelin will not at present admit of the
administration of these provinces being
Hiven to the Greeks ; an arrangement has,
therefore been made that it will be civen
to twelve natives of those piovinres, to
be chosen from their respective Chiefs.
This Provincial Government shall have
eight Representatives fixrd in Constanti
nople, apparently as hostagss for the con
duct of the Administrators. These peo
ple are expected here very shortly. Tur
key having thus acceded to the principal
point demanded by Russia, there ran he
t doubt tint the smJler ones will be
The folio tint is an extract of a private
letter received this morning t
" Purity May 24. -A letter has arrived
from Pctersbtirgh, dated the 1st of the
month, which stales that the Lmperor's
departure from P trrshurc;h will not lave
for its object aiisit to the army, but to
Warsaw, where he will convoke a Diet,
which will Lit for a nonrtt. He is then
expected to go to a Congress, at which
the attuirs ol ' urkey will be discussed,
and an arrangement he concluded. Tur
key is said to have shewn some disposi
tlon to yield certain points, and reotia
tions, which will have the effect either of,
retarding or preventing wir, are said to ,
be going on
"Such ore the strange rtimors here
The funds, at noon to-day, were 89f. 1 5c."
We have received Rrusr.e!s papers to
the 24th inst. Accounts from I rieste,
of the 7th. state, that the Greeks have
sent an expedition from Hydra against
Salonichi. and add, on the, authority of.
mercantile letters, that "the whole Island all, upon the inconveniences which are
of Negropont is now in the possession of t likely to enwe from a war, and the neces
the Greeks, and its dependent neighbor- sity of combining meisures among the
ln iile have also declared io their fa- Greek Powers for defeating ill revolu
vur." The following are extracts t tiouary projects in the event of war being
t'tenua, Man Letters worthy of found inevitable t iast.r
credit say, that the netiation between - - tooo, mat 29.
the Servian Chiefs and the Pacha of Del- The French papers of Saturday, hnvc
grade are broken off. and that the entrance arrived this morning, as also the Spanish
of Turkish troops into Scrvia will he look- papers of the 20th inst. From both we
ed upon by the Servians as the signal for learn, wiih great satisfaction,' that the ex-"var-
. ecrable French Ultra rumors, iu respect
"Oultnarde,HtJv 20 Yesterday after, to the state of Madrid, re utterly without
neon a dreadful hail storm ravaged the foundation, and that the most perfect
whole westenjpart of the territory of; tranquility reigns in that . capital. The
Nockere ; all hone of harvest is destroyed, j accounts from Catalonia have been eoual-
The haii stones w ere pointed and of pre.jl, exaggerated ; the Various bulletins of
odious size ; even io day, some nave nren t the ,1 rmy if tht Faith, and of its prcten
picked up as Iar;;e as a piron's egu " ding successes, ihree fourths of them be
Dutch Journals to the 2ith inst. have ins mere inventions of the same pure and
arrived tfus moiiiinir. I he follow ini; are
fugue, Ahui2i Yesterday inot nlpg,
ut half pist 8 o'clock, the discharge of t
tillery, and the hoisting of the colors on
the steeple of the great Church? announ
ced to the inhaUunts of the town thx hap-
. 1 it-... r 1 .
oyal Highness Ihc ranees 01 urange
of a X'rinee." . .
FARIS, MA V 21.
The Duke Decav.es, who w& about to
set out fur Denmark, is detained at far
is, by the serious indisposition of the
It jmuej r.r :'. D-fa tvnt ? Ulb-rtiutt,
The Itaion Sarrel, M. Cousserjjuca,
and M. Acston. . ' . ,
The following is the general result of
Deputies named by the Royalhis.....54
Deputies turned by the Opposition. ..32
Difference in favor of the Royalists.. .22
Journal ifcs Debal.
; A letter from. Bavonnc of a recent date
says, We learn from a very authentic
source, that the greatest discontent pre
vails throughout the Northern part of the
Peninsula 1 160 Royalists completely arm
ed, all excellent soldiers, quitted liilboa
it the beginning of this month to over
throw the Constitutional authority in Dih
cay. A detachment of 80 Royalists join
ed them the day after their departure
The Political Chief sent a Constitutional
Regiment from Vittoria, but the Ubtrc-
cue were deieated, anu soon .returned to
their garrison." -(latent ile France.
Hi Majesty has decreed that the title
of the deceased Duke of Richelieu shall
descend to the Count de Jamilhac, his
nearest male relative.
MADRID. MAT 13
" On the 7th, Lieut. Colonel t onizare
was arrested, w ho war. condemned to death
pur cuntumamce, for bein implicated in
the affair at Uurt;os. It appears that he
was preparing to proceed into Castile , in
order to organize a pany in concert with
one of his accomplices, also arrested cn
the bight of the 7-th. AnotlierjiHliviilu.il
has been apprehended at the moment of
his arrivtl from I run, by the way of Aran
jeua. On his person was found the plan
of a conspiracy, which was to have taken
effect cn the 1 5th inst. the day of St. Isi
Yesterday morning the Volunteer Na
tional Guards of Madiid, infantry and cav
alry, were assembled in the Padro, for the
purpose of hearing read a e'ecrce of the
Cortes, sanctioned by the Kin, declaring
the hymn of Riefjo a national hymn. This
ci'izen militia traversed the capital, and
contributed to excite the enthusiasm of
the people, and augment the sentiment of
national strength. .
"The Spcxial Committee of the Cor
tes relative to responsibility! proposed in
the Sitting of the Nth, to bring to trial
the Political Chief of Madrid. This func
tionary is strongly protected by the Min
fcry, who whole confidence he enjoys,
ti yesterday the Cortes decreed, that
the 13th anniversary of the return of the
Kinr to Madrid, being a day of mourning
for Spaniards on account of the overthrow
of the Constitutional regime, it should be
henceforth forbidden to celebrate it at
Court. This remarkable decision was
come to at nine in the evening.
" The accounts from the Provinces
state that tne national lete 01 tne d ai v,
has been celebrated with the greater tn
thnsUsm at all points of the mon.rrhv.
svrral nrlvatf Inlets stale th-t the inhal.
itants of the ceir.try have received with
warm gratitude the intelliet;e of the
adoption hv the Cortes ul the first lw
respecting sri:noral rights. They found
ly tcsiify thci joy.
Some fjetinris re-appear on different
points of our provinces, hut the zeal of
the authorities, and the ardor of our
troops, increase, and success almorrt al -
way rewards their constancy and !tvo-
xxrs.cT or a rutin nrrti.
LITZ. MAY II.
" A person who is worthy of belief,
from Viern.i. has assured ns that during
the multiplied conferences which occur
red m that capital, between Prince Met
ternich and the General de Tatischcff, the
question had not only a reference to the
relations between Russia and Turkey, but
more especially to the general state of
Europe, and the dangers to be apprehen
ded from hostilities in the East, connected
with the tranquility of other countries.
44 Prince de Metternich dwelt, above
cntihtpnul i.itler of fahrieateur. Th-:
petty insurrections, headed chicflv by the
ignorant tools of Priests and Monks, are,
undoubtedly, exceedingly troublesome-,!
but it is only for a determined Executive
to rouse hsrlf, to put a speedy termina
tion to them ; and, happily, a conviction
y intelligence ol trie oeuvcry 01 tier
of this truth is be ginninp; to operate upon
the Spani&h councils. The accounts of
the answer of thfi Porte, in respect to the
cession of Moldavia and Wallachia, as
tri'ven in the Trench papers, differ exceed
ingly from the statement which was pre
viously in circulation. One thing alone
is clear that the Turks me filling a
game of procrastination, and that if war,
ultimately takes place, Russia will have
reason to repent of her indecision. '
.mat 30 Letters have been received
from Lisbon, which communicate the im
portant intelligence of a conspiracy hav
ing been formed there, to overthrow the
Constitutional system, but which was de
tected sufficiently cailv to nicvent the ill
consequences which might otherwise have I
attended it. It appears that the lust step
taken by the Government, on being made
acquainted with the plot, was to issue a
Decree for the suspension of the Habeas
Corpus Act, which has been in force ever
since the adoption of the Constitutional
System. This measure led to the arrest
of 26 persons ; some of the advices men
tion, that 28 persons were taken up, who
were said to be implicated in the conspi
racy. All thcte individuals were exam
ined privately, six of whom it was deter
mined should be immediately sent out of
the kingdom. It is understood that none
of thern were persons of any distinction.
. . LATEST IXTELLIGEKCE.
may 31. -At a late hour this afternoon
an express reached town from Paris, bring
ing despatches from Vienna, dated the
21st of ''ay, and from Naples of the
same dute. From Vienna we have ufuli
twfi' mutian of the imfiortant fact, that the
J'jrcrt qf the Sublime Porte, ore evacuating
the firj'icifiaiitiei of Moldavia and Hal-
taenia. This main point having been sat
isfactorily arranged, the otheri will fol
low or course.
LATKST FROM SOL'TH AMERICA.
A friend has put into our hands the
Carracras paper, the Anglo-Colombiano
of the 8th ult. and the " Iris of Venezue
la," also printed at Caracas, of the 17th
ult. We have translated the following
articles from the Iris. Aat. Gaz.
17th June, 18:3.
' On the mornint of the 13th insi. the
Government had the satisfaction to re
reive from the General of Brigade, Lino
de Clen.ente, the first intelligence of the
splendid and decisive victory obtained by
the armies of olombia under the com
matul of His Excellency the Liberator
President, over the Spanish army that de
fended the Capital of Quito, whose pre
cious liberty remains for ever assured.
The publication of the news by proclama
tion, and the illumination of the city for
three successive nights, were immediate
ly arranged, together with such otherdc-
monstrations of joy as the shortness of
the notice would permit.
The people of Caraccas have celcbra
ted, with enthusiasm, the new s of a battle
which, like its sister battles of Rovacaland the Garden of Eden appeared, lor
and Carabobo, to which it may at least be! meily the resort of Lady Cochrane, now
compared as to the importance ot its con-
sequences, exalts the renown ot the re
public, immortalizes the valor of her war-
r',jr!" wnfi u by new ties ol jrati
! "''e, io the hero w ho conducted them to
L'tubi! Sunn' RettuHon tf the ufrkiiit are
tht lii-jmHict f South .Imrricn.
In the former numbers of this paper
we published the documents relative to
this important event, and we now add that,
in tor paper of Philadelphia of the 2d
I May, railed the General Advertiser, it it
! unnounred that, on the 29th of April, the
Senate of the United States concurred
with the Pitsidcnt and with the House of
Repiescntatives in rerocnizing the exis
tence of the independent governments of
South America. On the same day the
Semite gave their sanction to the act
which had passed the House of Repre
sentatives, appropriating moneys for the
salaries of the Ministers who are to be
sent to our governments.
All this information was officially re
ceived on the 1 1 th instant, from the
Charge d' Affaires of Colombia, hose of
ficial letter we subjoin. . The Intendant,
ad interim, of this department, caused
the news to be immediately published by
proclamation, in which the civil authori
ties, with the military bund of music,
joined, and orders were issued that the ci
ty should ie illuminated during three
nights, and the houses hung.with fringe
on the, succeeding day, live lath. On
that day a solemn Te Deuni was chaunt
ed in the Metropolitan church , accom
panied by salutes of artillery, which had
already been fired off at the time of the
proclamation. 1 his event of the recog
nition, is one of the most memorable in
the initials of the republic, has been cele
brated with the most emphatic expression
of joy and thankfulness towards the illus
trious nation who, the first in the new
world, has resolved to take a s'ep that will
forever reflect honor on her intelligence
DESPATCH F MU. TORRES.
Philadelphia, 5lh May, 1822.
Mnt F.xetlhni Sir: Under the date of
the 26th and 30th of March last, 1 com
municated to your Excellency, the infor
mation received of the proceedings of the
House of Representatives, relative to the
appropriation 6t the f,00fino asked for
the expenses of the minintcrs who are to
be sent to the independent states of our
America ; which appropriation was voted
on the 20th of the same month by all the
members of the House of Representa
tives, pretent, except one. The bill or
law for this appropriation was afterwards
sent to the Senate for its agreement. On
the 16th April, the 47was read the first
and second time in the Senate, without
other change than the addition of glo,
000 to the g 100,000 prescribed in the bill)
and, on the 2'Jih, it was read the third
time and passed with the extraordinary
majority of the 35 votes in its favor and
three against it. I sincerely congratulate
the Republic on the happy termination of
a (mention ot so mucn importance; io
American independence and prosperity,
and in which Colombia has uorn so great
Congress adjourns on the 8th of this
month, and till then nothing will transpire
as to the nomination of the Minister. :
Your Excellency will be pleased to send
to the Department of Foreign Affairs, the
lour accompanying packets, and it being
very important that the decision of this
government should be known without de
law to H. E. the President of the Repub
lic, you will determine, if it be proper, to
forward the packet by express.
To II. . CiBtos Soi'sum, General
of the Division and Intcndantof the De.
partuiciit of Venezuela.
The following is the concluding ex
tract of a letter from a young gentleman
on board the Franklin 74, dated Valparai
so, March 23, I82J. . -
" Two days brought us to Valparaiso.
From the glowing description which, I
had previously both read and heard, I ex
pected to find it in every respect superior
to Rio, how great then was ruy oisap
pointrnent when first I visited the Chilian
town ; its situation is on a flat sandy beach,
scarce raised above the! level of 'he sea,
and encompassed with mountains; the
houses (but few raiting above one story)
being built of the country brick and roof
ed with tiles of the same, give to the
whole a dark and dreary appearance, to
which the ill dressed, savage looking mor
tals who compose the ' mass of bocicty
contribute their share; diovesof mules
laden with the produce of the surround
ing country raise continual clouds of sand,
and the scorching rays of a nearly vertical
sun render the tqwn truly disagreeable.
4 The neighboring mountains instead
of ptesentinfc noble views like those a
round Rio and at Juan Fernandez. arpear
like otic barren heap; but nature in a lav
ish moment, determined partly to recotn
pence the inhabitants, by forming one
spot which should erve as a retieat from
the heat, bustle ond noise of the city
With this view she fixed upon a spot, i'e
lightful as the morn, and with a loui.te
ous hand, heaped her treasures upon it,
ol the still more beauteous aim accum
piished Mrs. Stewart. '1 his spot seems
to hr the masTcrpiece of neture in the
beautiful ; j.ftcr a siht of it the woiks of
art uppcar poor and insipid ; but as no ade
quate idea of it can he lormed without ac-
; toally vUiting it, 1 shall not attempt a dc-
" This is the land of teliious parade,
Fotts, fountains, cathedral, and nil public
buildings with the images of saints, vir
gins, and crosses ; the streets are throng
ed with monks, priests, and devotees,
from the fat friar with his Roodly round
belly and princely clothing, mounted on
hi ambling nag and attended by his re
tinue, to the poor, half starved, -half (Imb
ed mendicant, who with cop Hi hand,
leaning las exhausted form upon his cross,
Infests every corner, begging charity from
each passenger, and every square boasts
its cathedral; but these descendants of
Old Spain are totally dcbtitute of that
pride, austerity and jealousy which have
ever been considered as characteristics of
the nation ; and the women of that sweet
nmder'y and chaste reserve which should
ever accompany their sex without which
beauty loses half its charms, and love is
robbed of all her powers.
" 1 he men, indolent in their nature, ti-se
from their couches, but half refreshed
from the debaucheries of the preceding
night, and hie forth to pursue cither their j
busincis or pastime as inclination c!ic-j
tatcs. i ne women, li ce as mi , rove num
town to country, from country to town,
no jealous veil overshades their charms,
no WBi-v matron watches or directs their
steps, the steady gaze of impudence
causes not the blush of modesty to man
tle their cheeks, but with bold and vulgar
assurance they meet mere than midwsy ;
yet while I describe the bulk, let me pay
a just tribute to the chosen few in beau
ty, politeness and accomplishemnts they
vie with my fair country women may
their inclination and means ever be as am
ple as they now are, and may Americans
evef be deserving of their kindness.
Colombia. The government or Colom
bia has by a decree appropriated 212,000
for the purchase of a printing press, types,
&c to print books for Congress, and
works on political economy. A decree
has alto been passed prohibiting the ex-
A m. t-v I k . I.
ertiment are autiiotbiied to purcnase, k.
being considered a precious metal.
lis nun i :
TLXSDAY MOUSING, JIXY 30, 1822.
We arc requested to mention, that William U.
t'harr, Esq. is again a candidate to represent the
county of Cabarrus in tlic 'Scnute of the ncx.
GEOLOGY OF NORTH-CAROLINA.
We have been permitted to make the follow..
in extract from a letter of Professor Oimstiao
to his friend iu this jjucc, dated Chapel-Hill,
July 15, 1822. " ,, -
" When I lcfl home I intended to sc you.
My plan was to pass tip through Rockingham,
Stoked, Surry, and return through Row an, Mont
gomcry, Stc, Hut the three first counties affor
ded so ami'lo and diversified a field for olmerva.
tion u to occupy the whole period. Thcob-
jects which interested us particularly were the
following: ' '
I. A bi-dof lilack Marble in a formation of
dip, ut the Eagle Falls on D;uj Itivcr.
S. A w.-eondury sandstone formation, (prob.
l.ly an independent coal formation,) embracing
a part of Rockingham and Stokrs. In this
found the finest freestone fur building, two beda
of coal, fuller' earth, fcc. '
3. A wonderful appearance of Lignite, near
Gerniaiiton, embracing numerous varieties of
potter's clay and ochre. -
4. The Limestone of Stokes and Surry, tha
limits and coune of which wc took some pains
5. I he Iron I!cls of the same, among which
are numerous bed of odiru and Porcelain Clay.
6. A bed of Manganese in Surry.
7. An extensive fnrnutinn of Mica Slate, de.-,
composing into copperas and alum."
It has been stated for some time, that Mr. Oli
ttead had it in contemplation to make a Ccefoy-'
icat Sui-vri' of the tatc ; the above, we hope, is '
a eofiiiueiiceiiient of it. Rut an object so hn-
porlant as this, an object in which every Intel
I'geut individuul in the s'a'e should feel a live
ly interest, cannot be accompli.hcd without
funds ; uml the advantages flowing from it '
nre not to ber.cF.t the individual, but the ?f a.e,
it is not just, (even were he willing,) thut the
liurJeit ot cxpeiiM: should fall upon Lim. I'lie
tte, whose resources it is intended to develop,
should libcrnllv provide the funds ; and we trust
that no narrow or illiberal views, no selfish mo
tives, w ill prevent our legislators from co-ope-rnting
in an undertaking to enlarge the bouuJa-'
rici of science, increase the wealth, and add to
the respectability of the state. Rut hould le
gislative patroMag-e be refus-.d, resort must then
bp had to n'roe. liberality ; and we have no
doubt, that with a very tricing exertion, a turn
sufficient might be raised within a small rumpus
in this quarter, to defray the expenses of survey
ing the Western part of the state. Rut intelli
gent and scientific individuals, in every quarter
of the state, woukl cheerfully aid in the further
ance of an object, at opec to lamluble in its dc
sign, and so important in its consequences.'
On this subject, w c extract an article from the
June number uf the American Journal of Si ienct,
conducted by Professor Sillim, of Yale Col-
lege. It is uiiiR'Ci'ssury lor us to say, that this
work eniojsa high reputi .on, not in thiseati.-;
try alm.t , but in Europe. It i. at follow s :
tin'tfirul .Sun tf A'oi-th-t'arvuna.
We umit-rslaiiil that Professor OhnsteaJ of
the t 'niversitj at North-Carulina, w ill soon com
mence a scries of geological and mim ralrgxul
ob-rvutioiis intended, eventually, to compre
hend a Kientihc suney uf the Mate. From the
known intelligence, and c;iitihc atlinmrntsof
Professor Olmstead, wc cannot doubt, that.(
adro'iiilrly rormtfatH ey th late! ?orrrnrmt, ur
patriate iniiiitduui;) the entcrprize will pro
duce very important advantages to cu-nec, ari
culture, and other useful arts, ami will prove
highly hottorablu to the very respectable state of
North-Carolina. In no way, in our apprehen
sion, could the rnc sum of money be more use.
fully expended, and it souhl b iio small honor
to f.vf cl lUu first fi,mpl; cf the icntifro
survey of sn entire Amrrican State. We hope
then to see the next edition of the map of North
Carolina present at ht the leading features of
its geology id mineralogy. It wou! J be very
desirable lo that the Botany, anil if practicable,
the aoology of the country kliouU It investigated
at the same time, . '
The unexpected, and, as it was almost uni.
vcrsally branded, disgraceful termination of this
revolution in Naples, in 321, cast a general odi
um upon the Neapolitans ; and the generous
sympathy which they fad prevjpuly excited,
was succeeded by ind'.Torence and scorn. Nj
iiiic deplored the fate of those w ho, it wasthought,
hn.t liw , l.n.nlvr ,..-. k v I. . n I
w hatever of pity was felt for them, was th..
which contempt inspire. But warmth of feel
ing, occasioned by hiving our Ligh-wrought ex
pectations so tuiideiily btastctl, may have led ua
to judge too harshly the ill-fated Neapolitans
we may have confounded cowardice and pusil
lanimity w ith misfortune, and in the bitterness of
mr indignation at fancied baseness, committed
an act of real injustice. Wc have been led to
make these remarks, by reading a review of a
nsrrative of the pontic! and military events
Which took place at Naples in 1820 and 1821, by
Gen. Pxri. It w ill be found on our last psgv.
and u e candidly confess, w e rose from its peru
sal with feelings more than pleasurable j w e felt
a kind of gmtjmde to the patriotic I'sri for rei
cuing " hit countrymen from the unmerited ob
loq'ty, which had been superadded to all their
other calamities, and wiping oil" the stain w hich
hud been cast upon huniajuty. Suth w ere our-
puruuon ot riaima, and none out me go