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""TUF'.siuY MoiiNrsi;. skim;. :i, i82-2.
The most unfounded and e xagj;eratel
reports having gone atito.nl respecting tlie
health of this place, such us that the
yellow-fever is prevalent, and that many
are daily fulling victims to its ravages,-
a regard to truth requires that we should
contradict this idle or malicious falsehood.
Indeed, the reports carry their own refu
tation on the face of them ; for if the mor
tality stated had existed here fur the time
these reports have been in circulation, the
tillage, ere this, must have been com
pletely depopufated. The usual autum
nal fever, of a mild type, has been rather
more frequent than for some years past.
We know of only two instances of death
from fever, and but very few from any
cause- In fact, few towns, (of equal pop
ulationO in the United States, have been
less exempt from fatal diseases, than has
Salisbury for a number of successive
years. And at this time, consider ing our
population, and the season of the year, it
cannot be said to be very sickly ; though
it is rather more so than is usual at the
tame season. Nothing, however, like
the yellow-fever has been known union;
us. This statement m.iy be relied upon,
as we have no motives for giving a false
one to the public.
We have received two poetical effu
sions, (both, wc believe, from the same
hand,) from a correspondent in Mont
gomery county ; and although we shall
not deny that they possess the true es
sence of poetry, yet being a little loo de
ficient in harmony and smoothness of ver
sification, we cannot comply with the wish
of the writer- Genius, we know, disil.iins
to be fettered ; hut there are certain rules
that good taste and sound criticism have
established, which even geniua mut Py
aome regard to.
In another part of our pjper will be
found. the addtessof the Grand Jury of
this county to their fellow-citucns. We
earnestly believe that the plan there re
commended, or something similar to it,
is the only method by which a Conven
tion can be brought about. As to ma
king any further application to the legis
lature, it would be worse than useless it
would be humiliating. We have incontro
vertible proof that a large majority of the
people are in favor of calling a Conven
tion. The vote on the resolutions intro
duced by Mr. i'hhcr, fully shows this.
Lstiniate the population of the countiev
whose members voted for a Convention,
and it will be found that thev compose a
majority of more than 60,000 souls of the
ft ce people of Nortli-Catolina. Satisfied,
then, that so large u majority of the whole,
desire a Convention, the great business
now is, to produce a concei t of mcasuies
among the counties friendly to the call.
This can only be effected upon some such
plan ns the one recommended by the
Grand Jury. It may take one or two
jears to mature all the previous arrange
merits ; but when the season of action r
liTs,cvcry obs'acle will vanish before the
inaiestic march of the people. When a
Convention thus takes place by a concert
ed understanding, if a majority appear in
it by their delegates, (as they suicly will,)
what power on earth will dare to say to
their, " ! The Haste m (.utilities
themselves, feeing the fully ami injustice
U" all further objections, like repentant
and crci'rhe friends, will come forward
and join in the important work cf new
modelling and improving the constitution.
Let all the Western counties, then, in
stead of looking towards the legislature
for relief, adopt some such plan as the
one recommended by the Grand Jury of
Rowan ; and thus, through the means of
a corresponding committee, produce that
concert cf measures, views, and feelings
which is indispensable, before the great
object of our wishes can he accomplished.
The people of Mecklenburg did in the
last year adopt, and we believe this year
have again adopted, a plan of the kind ;
and wc have learnt with pleasure that sev
eral other of the adjacent counties are
on the eve of the same course. Let all
tho Wester n counties do it, and success
is inevitable. In a great work of this
kind, ic is proper rhut the people of the
We:it should proceed deliberately, with
out the smallest symptoms of violence,
but with mi unyielding firmness and de
termination. I he claims of the West rest on a foun
dation as immovable as her own hills ;
and it is impossible she should not suc
ceed. .hums xv uussei.l.
. Mr. Adams has published in the Wash
ington Republican, (the new pjper no
ticed in our last,) another letter on the
subject of his controversy with Jonathan
Husscll. In this letter he says, it is un
der circumstances extremely mortifying
to him that he has been compelled to pre
sent himself before the public. He in-
sists that the controversy between himself j
and Mr. Russell is not one purely cf u
personal nature, but of high nation- i in
terest, lie says, "I have no ir't uun,
however, of pursuing this controversy
further in the newspapers. I propose to
publish in one collection, the Ghent doc
uments called for by the resolution of the
House of Representatives; the message
of (he President to the House, with Mr.
Russell's letters and my remarks; his
publication of 27th June, in the 1'oston
Statesman, and mine in answer thereto in
the National Intelligencer, with other pa
pers, rectifying oilier representations of
Mr. Russell ; and discussing the effect ol
war upon treaties and treaty stipulations ;
the value of the Mississippi navigation
to the British, and of tbe fishing liberty
to us, und the lights by which wc have
held, and still hold them." He concludes
his letter as follows : " I ask of the can
dour of my countrymen to be assured,
that this publication will be addressed to
no temporary purposes, to no party feel
ing, to no sectional passions, but to the
whole nation, and to posterity, upon ob
jects which, although implicating imme
diately only the conduct of the negotia
tors at Ghent, are of deep and permanent
interest to themselves." Upon the whole,
although there is a great deal of person
ality in the papers of these gentlemen,
we have no hesitation in saying, that Mr-
Adams' publication will prove one of con
siderable interest to the American politician-
Whatever may have been Mr.
Russell's motives in bunging on this con
tention, he certainly has fared sadly in the
conflict; and if Mr. Seth Hunt succeeds
in proving his charges, l.e will come off
The editor of the Milton Gazette call.,
Com. Porter " a hot .headed litmagogue.
We regret that this Press, hich has just
risen " like a Pi.cenix from its ashes,"
and has thus far been conducted with a- SuiMi and ,et h filtr be a warnil)(t t0 u)l
biiity, should indulge in such indecorous intriguers for this office. De Witt Clin
and uncouilcous language towards an i:i- ton is another sample of '.he fate which
,l.,i.lnal s tlseivtcllv i.le-h llh scoun.
ti v's oiiauiiou Lorn, i'orier. i he I
term might well apply to more than one
of his assailants ; but to him it docs not.
1 he editor of the Gazette knows tiiis ;
and every intelligent man in the conimu
NOU1 11-AMLU1CAN UEYlfcW.
The reputation which tins work las o justly manacement, suppleness, and promises
acquired, isvell sustained in the last number; of Executive patronage,
(.lor July, :U22.) If placed by the side ot the Baton i'uWo.
London (Quarterly, or Ldmburg Ucview, it w ouM '
sutler very little in the comparison : in fact, the A new paper has been established al
latter acknowledge!, sumc time since, that (vm-, Lynchburg, in Virginia, called " The fir
iu vtar atro. Kuruuc had no work superior to it. '.ginian." The first words out of its mouth
How many has sbe now t On our last page we;
have gneii a lengthy and interesting extract
lioni tins Kcvicw, refuting the assertions of En
glish tourists, w riters, and reviewers, that Ameri
can have no materials of w hich to construct a
work of tiction; that the) have nothing romantic,
poetical, or sublime about them, unless it be their
natural sctin ry . 1 he Keviewcr has show n in that
article and another, to which he alludes, that our
early history abound w ith incident, of a lofty
and romantic nature with characters, of a sub
lime stamp, possessed of qualities which pecu
liarly fitted them to be the founders of a great
nation : nor docs it lack in variety i it cxlubits
character of every grade. " Here were consum
mate gentlemen and statesmen, like V inthrop,
dark unrelenting politicians, after the manner of
Cromwell, like Sir Harry Vane t female here
siarchs of the stamp of Mrs. Hutchinson; scholars
of the first name from the universities of Europe,
captains from its fields, and courtiers from it
capitals j soldier, intrepid and adventurous like
btaudish and Church, the life-guard of the state ;
or part religionist, part bravo, and part buflbon,
like L'pihkt 1'iidtrhill, who, in the relation of
hi exper iences, professed to have first discover
the inw ard light, w hen taking a pipe of the good
creature, tobacco or scrupulous at much at ley
a1, like Knilicott, the first governor, who dreaded
nut the kin;;'s enemies li:ilf as miii'h as the scan
dal of the rud cross on his colors, Merc were
noble ladies, coming from paradise of plenty
and pleasure in the family of nobles into it wil
derness of wants,' like lady Arabella Johnson,
and Karl Uivera' grand-daughter, the minister's
wife of Watcrtown j and missionaries like Elliot,
making the loftiest spirit of adventure, thu most
unwearied industry, the noblest talents, and the
profoundest learning, subsidiary to an ambition,
which held out no prize but that of treasures in
heaven. Here were clergymen in the magistra
cy, and magistrates in the desk i devotees to the
established fuith, and hankerers after a new ; per
son, who thought a toleration of state 'a sconce
built against the walls of heaven,' and others who
were for haing it go to the extent of letting
people rm naked through the streets and into
the i hu :.-." These are only a sample of the
nia'er' u, that our history aflords, which, in the
lian i .j a master, like the Scotch novelist, might
be, 'jin-ought into a beautitid and interesting struc-
're. the genius of poetry, too, niigir here
work wonders, vi hy should an .i mat can then
seek snlj( cis (or hi pen in a foreign land, and
write about lirnubmlite Hull, ml En fish nobi!i. I
his own country presents to him so boundless and !
varieirated a field, and subjects so infinitely more !
worthy of his ;alents f
Ilaiiviuid Colonel Ifodge Haboiirn, Seriate.
Jarnts It. Love and Iteiijainin Clark, Commons.
Stute uj the 'oil.
Senate, Kabourn lo8, turner 82 Commons,
Love 143, Clark J86, Ldmondson .155.
mo THK MIL LtliUtVlLLt iOlBkll.
"All the heads of department have been
roundly charged with being intriguers. What
of that Suppose tl.ey are intriguers t Is not
the spirit of intrigue intimately connected wills
the very existence of all our iriktitutions Jeffer
son was a giant at intrigue. So was Wasliirtton ;
but veneration for his character gave it a milder
name. It was called addrm. In them it was
the deposition and the power to accomplish
honest purposes by honest means: it wa a ne
cessary qua.dication in the stations they filled.
And, ui this sense, it is as necessary for the suc
cess and elevation of any man, in a free govern
ment, as the density of the atmosphere is for the
elevation of the clouds."
If this be sound doctrine in Georgia,
we do not recognise it as such in New En
gland. What! Reduce Washington and
Jcflcison to a level with such men as i al
leyrand, l ouche, Mazarine, or Machiavel !
Is it really true, that intrigue is 'neces
sary for the elevation and success of any
man in a free government?" We had
once flattered ourselves that it was the
glory of a free government like ours,
where discussion is as free as air, that our
citizens were elevated to office not by in
trigue i nd management, but by a direct
appe;.lto the good sense of an intelligent
peoj if, and we confess we still cling to
the same belief. We do not believe' that
the people of our country are to be man
aged by intrigue, nor do we believe that
our politicians will gain any substantial
success by intrigue. They may triumph
for a while, but detection will bring to
them defeat and disgrace. Aaron Burr
intrigued to be President cf the Vnitul
am.miQii wing-ici c cM;euci.icu.
Our doctrine is, for politicians as well
; as for every body else, 4 honesty is the
best policy- And though we art assur
ed that, in relation to the next Presidency,
a system of monkery' and intrigue is even
now in full operation, we do not despair
that the people will yet set all things right,
that intrigues and intriguers will be disap
pointed, and that honesty, integrity and
faithful public services, will triumph over
are on the Presidential Election, and in
lavor oi .vir. uhawsord. names usual
ly commence their discourses with the
names of their parents. C. Conner.
The editor of the Augusta Chronicle
states, on the authority of Col. dimming,
that Col. sTinns' account of the reconcilia
tion between Mr. McDulTie and himself,
of the disavowal of certain publications,
and of several other particulars, is a pure
fable. The account alluded to, was pub
lished in most of the northern papers. It
is Important, therefore, that we all make
the correction on the highest authority,
that Col. C. uu not reconciled, even when
his antagonist, shot to the ground, lay
bleeding before him. A'. 1. Cow. Adx.
From Boston, we learn, that the Court
of Inquiry, now in session in Boston, on
the 1 4th inst. had Capt. Shaw before them
for examination. He knew nothing but
from report, but informed the court that
Lieut. Abbot had the nnraes of several
witnesses who had not hcen examined.
The Court is proceeding with great de
liberation, and inquiring moat minutely in
to every circumstance alleged against
Capt. Hull; if there be any thing wrong,
they will ascertain it. It rs their inten
tion to take tbe evidence of every ftrrtJit.
ii'hn mil' at any lime have intimated or rr
fir eased any knowledge of any fuel alleged
again! Cutt. Hull. We hope they will
not spare Capt. Hull. The higher his
character, the more severe should be the
investigation. Besides, that such a course
will leave no cover for the secret slander
er any more than the honest and open en
emy of the gallant Captain. A'ut. Intel.
WEALTH AX1) ITS USES'.
In addition to the many acts of munifi
cent liberality, which distinguished the
life f the late James Ph.kkins, Ksq. of
Boston, we observe with pleasure that he
has left a legacy to Harvard University of
I wenty Thousand Dollars. Such instan
ces of the laudable use of wealth are fie
cjuctit among the merchants of Boston ;
and their pecuniary embarrassments, at
the present time, are the moie to be re
t;reticd, because Science, Literature and
the Muses mingle in the deprivations
which they suffer.
I he rich, if they truly regard the de-
signs f Providence, are only trustees for
'Mankind. They have superabundant means
of happiness afforded t0 them, that they
f 8?.l)!y. tl,c defiticncei of others-
I hat which is stagnant soon becomes nox
ious, and, at best, is useless. It it the liv
ing stream that flows and fertilizes in its
progress, and is as bountiful as the fount
from which it issues.
Wealth is of easy acquirement. If you
do not inherit it, you can get it by mar
riage and if industry will not obtain it
for you, ingenuity will. But it is remark
able that wealth alone never made a man
conspicuous. ( is a subject of pity,
and Midua of contempt. You may ac
quire money in such quantirii as to ex
cite envy, and to purchase influence ; but
envy is the sister of hatred, and whatever
is venal is treacherous. You may die
worth thrice what your father left you,
und leave at last only the "liiejucet" on
your tomb. The termination of life is
more awful to a rich than to a poor man.
The latter loses life only, which is prom
ised him again the former, with I.UIife,
loses that wealth which was dear to hiiu
as life, and which he knows he can never
Let then the rich, entrusted with the
facilities of happiness, employ them in
the mean of good. . Marble monuments,
sumptuous as they may be, ure cold, fro
zen testimonials of sorrow. To have your
memory cherished in the affections of the
poor to have the beggar pause to shed a
tear at your grave to be blrssed in the
aspirations of the pious, and praised with
the deathless gratitude of genius, these
are objects worthy an honorable ambition,
and these Heaven has placed in the power
of the rich. Charleatan Courier.
any Tut SitTtvonr. rrnioMCLt.
What discoveries science is destined to
make in our days." is a (jucstion bevond
the ken of human foresight with certain
ty to answer. Lvery artificial improve
ment, every invention by which we are
able to pry still deeper into the mysteries
of nature, rt veals astonishing facts, w hich
were never before dreamed of in the wild
est wsions of poetical fancy. When we
suppose that all the recions of wonder
have been frequented, we find, that we
are only on the vestibule of new wonders.
We extract from a late London paper the
following astonishing account of an im
provement in optics.
" It will perhaps be recollected by our
scientific readers, that the London papers
lately contained accounts of the extraor
dinary powers which Mr. Rogers had suc
ceeded in applying to the Microscope, ef
fected, we believe, p'incipally by the aid
of a newly discovered chemical light.
Mr R. proposes to introduce that stupen
dous apparatus at the close of his astro
nomical lecture, in cur Theatre on Mon
dar evening. V a table of his powers,
which we have seen, it appears that the
highest magnifier of this instrument is
but one hundredth part of an inch focal
length, and consequently capable of en
larging the cubes of minute objects in the
astonishing degree of 125,000,000 times !
Some of the singular phenomena discov
ered bv this apparatus, is likelv to prove
of the highest importance to medical sci
ence. Mr. R. has been able to peiceive
that most of the morbid secretions iw l'6
human subject, as the peccant matter
of consumption, of cancer, syphilis, Ice.
areKletally tnamrt ofworma oranimalculM."
Do not our fiiends when they peruse,
this account of such a new discovery, al
most involuntarily throw down the paper
and muse ? And yet had it been sugges
ted by a man that our peccant humors
proceeded from live animals injbe hu
man body, he would have been regarded
as an idle visionary as a man that wished
to palm off upon the public tbe rnost re
rpillS i to notify all persons against trading
1. for a i"ite of hand w hich I gave John Orr,
of Merklci.bnrir, N. C. for seventy dollars, due
the 10th day of January, 1322, as said nott was
given in pay of a cotton gin which said Orr war
ranted to be a good gin, which, on trial, was
found (iiite the reverse. I therefore am deter
mined not to pay said note until the gin is made
to perform as w arranted.
AiMt 13, 1S22. SflO
T'jr.UB will be exposed to Public Kale a?
Clinton, Kuwait county, Situate in tin (ur'i
ol the north and south Vadkiu, on tin- sd day
of November licit, being the first Monday of
the month, the remaining unsold lot m tin: town
plan of said place j onj: of which contains a larger
new frame building, iftarly finished. Likewise,
the Adjoining luiuls, upwards of two hundred
acres, a great part of winch consist of valuable
low grounds, reserving the plan of the low n, the
widtn and direction of the road, to the K ite of
tiic bridge commenced on Uie north Imlkiij,
anil to the bridge of the south . adkin. The.
sale will continue troin day to day, until the.
pl'operty is all deposed of j and a credit f one;
and two years given lor tin: purchase money,
with interest, tin: pur u.ih.t giving bond and
security. Attention will be given, by
J, A. I'KAK.sOV,
JOHN ( ALLOW A V,
C. h. NOOJJS.
CIIAKLOI I K
nM;jE second session of this iiistiUition bus jut
1. comment ml under thu management of Mih ,
Ll.AI K JWOHTif, Who sllpcl'intclldrd the hut si .
sion u ih the highest approbation. All Hie
branches usually studied hy young ladies (tuini-.
excepti-d) are taught in this iuhtitutiou. I In
Trustees Hatter themselves, from the talents of
Miss Ix-aveuworUi as a tutoress, and their atU-u-tiou
to the exercise of the school, that vel
general satisfaction will be given.
Tuition from sis to elevru dollars per semi-annual
si.'smoii, with two dollar additional lor fun:
needle woi k. (entc( I boardilii; at from I went V
five to forty dollars per sent. on. A few mm-:
I scholars will be receiwd h tnrc the school U
! J')f lit .1 IN', Tr.)wry.
IlI!l.i!AL wa,' s will k gin-n V) three Over
i teers, who can eoinc well rc'oniiiici. li d, t'
take charge ot p!aii';tt: mu in the cintn'j of Meck
lenburg. None need apply, unlrsi t'n-y li:i-
been accustomed to the cu'tunaiid of negroes.
IHO.S. .. I'Ol.K.
Il ittuwood, May I), 1 ;22. 1 wt','
1 SHALL attend at the Co ia-llonsj in Ha) -bury,
on Saturday, the l-t'h day of cit-m
ber next, to collect the balance of the TAVKS
due in ("apt. Wood's Company frrhc y-ar JUl .
und all those who fail to pay on that day, w.'.l
have to pay with cost, immediately.
SAML. JONES, ShtnJ.
Afmt M, 1822.
FfllE subscriber, being about to tetttc in Mis.
1 sissippi, has appointed William Lull, Ks.
his true and law ful agent, to transact all bis bu
tincts iu his iimne. V. JUNE.
Avict 17, 1822. 3 t19
"10CR T of Hie and Quarter Si-ssions, July
J hrtwin, 1322-...John ILKtevibe v$. Yuk
l'ciiington....O. Att. It appearing t the tatisfar
tion of this rniirt, that the defendant, Eckirl
I'enington, reside beyond the limit of the said
slate : Ordered, therefore, that publication b!
made three week in (he W estern Carolinian,
that unless tli said defendant appear at our next
court of Picas and Quarter Sessions, to be held
for said county, at the Court-Hotise in Morgan
ton, on tbe 4tit Monday in September next, and
replevy or dead to issue, judgment final will he
bad for the plaintiff' demand against him.
Witness .tame Erwin, Clerk of said court, at
ollice, the 2'Jlli day of Julv, 1822.
J. EKWIN, (trlk.
(lOL'KT of I'lrss and Quarter Sessions, July
J Session, 1822 John Caldwell ri Jrss'j
Martin, Adm'r. of John Turner and llarnum
Turner Justice' judgment served rti l ui l.
It appearing to this court, that the In ir a; law
of l"ollv Swain, wife of Kirbard Swain, late f
KrntueW, rrside beyond the limittof this st .;
then-fore it was ordered by the court, t!iat
publication be made in the Western Carolinian
for three we, ks, that unlets th? said heirs ap
pear before the said county court of I'lcas an 1
Quarter Sovions, to be held at the Court-' louio
in Morganton, on the fourth Monday in Septem
ber next, tln-n and there to make themselves
parties in thi esse, and shew cause wherefore
execution should not be had apunst the real es
t.ntc, otherwise judgment ex parte will be award
ed against them.
, 6 t'19 J. F.RWI.V, Cirri:
' MIE tubscriber respectfully informs the pub.
1 lie, that be it prepared to execute all or
ders in hit line of butintss, and solicits the pa
tronage of hi fricmU. Any person that wishe
to purchase new wagons, can have them com
pletely finished, on sliort notice. Corn, flwir,
whiskey, or brandy, will Le taken in payment, at
the market price. The tubscriber hat also
furnished himself to keep private Entertain
ment, at hi house, about fie mile from SaJi.
bun-, on the main road from that place to Muck'
3wt'18e I'KTEH J. SWTNIa.
f flUAT at tha August term of Koran County
X Court, the u!cribcr obtained Letters of
Administration on the estate of Robert Stuart,
deceased. All person indebted to aaid deceas
ed, are requeued to come forward and settle
their accounts respectively j and all persons hav.
ing claims sifainst the estate, are requested to
br.ng thrm forward legally proren, withm tho
time limited by law, or they will not he attend
ed to, a it is desirable that the estate may b
settled without unnecessary delay.
DAVID STUART, Alm'r.
Au.nrt 1, 1822. 3wt'18 '
THE ffibsrnber having been informed that it
is hot generally known that the above bi
sinr-iii is itill carried on by him, taket this meth
od to inform Iu former customer and the pub
lic, that he hut kept, and will at all times keep,
a supply of "Li THEN, of the beat quality, on
hand j and ill give t'ie current price, in cash
or leatlie", for Hide of every description. Ami
by so doing, hope to meet a share of publi
N. It. A few h-ads of Jinrlr wanted.
JXO. HKAKI), Sin.
6'at.rt., Aug. 14, 1322. 4wt'18