j HSsssl jg Sigl'
tj j ,) wmmh inn
f rmTin sn rcnngiim, evf.rt titadat,
i El IIIMCUAM & WIUTK.
The subscription to the Wrvn tin Cahousjusj
7'Aw9 lhilhm per annum, payable huli'-yc:irly
y;jNo pupcr will be discontinue! until all
.arages ar paid, nlcs-sat tin" discretion
y f.ditors; ami any ulscribcr falling to give
fcj.irc of his wish to discontinue at the end of a
,r, will be considered an within;; to continue
paper, which will be sent accordingly.
Whoever will become responsible for the
. . r . . . . . .1.11 - ' . . .1
BjtvmciH oi nun: ji ij);rs, siun receive a lenm
AnvEnTisrvcfTJ w.!l jc inserted on t lie cus.
ft tury terms. Tenons sending in Adver-
mcnts, iintt spvrjfy the number of tutus they
j ,i tlicm inserted, or they will bo continued till
i .1. . i r...i..
'.H.tcm inu, auti tiiaicu ueLuniiiii) .
;Xo advertisement iasst-tcd until it l..v. been
-i id fur, or its payment assumed by soma person
U this town, or its vicinity.
E 7j"All letters to the editors mur.t be fwt-pa!i!,
they will not be attended to.
11III3 M to notilV !1 persons a;riir.t tnd'.n,
fur t nnlc of (land whii ii I p.ive .tubn Ore,
ii i . . . i
MocnieniMirr, n. s-. i;r vvtmv noimvs, uii"
a e 1'JtU day of January, 1H JJ, as raid note r.
ven in pay of a cotton rui v.hirh laid Orr w;.r
ntc J to be a good g.n, which, on trial, was
ind miite the reverse. J therefor" am deter
ned not to pay nti note until the j!n ;.; mail?
pcrJ'irrn as warranted.
.hjtrnt LI, 1322. f.fl9
laic of 'tHl-CUH)im,
nvi iiF.nronr covstt.
JlOL'ItT of I'leas ami (luartcr Sf fiion, July
I.' tssions, 182J: Noahllaii.pt'mi ?. 'I Imrrn's
(iiure original utt-.chmrnt, levin! on lap !
! ncfrro man. It appcaritipto the sa;i'!'.ictir,n
the t'otirt, that the defendant in tliis ca'ic is
t an inhabitunt of tliis state, it is then lbrc
i.''ry, that publication be nude for six v.eekt
the Western Carolinian, for the defendant to
pear ct our next Counts- Court of I'leas and
a .rter Sessions to be holdrn for the coun'v of
.thcrtord, ut the Court-hou'e in Hutherfordton,
tSe third Monday after the fourth Mondav in
ptcmber next, then and there to pkad or
nmr, or judjiscr.t f;n.-J will be entered up
n.i.V. him. t'TJr
Witnew. ISAAC CIUTO.C, C.C.
Slate of NoriCtYoYii&,
tOL'RT of riem and Quarter Sessions, July
J icMions 162 : Kob llaxptonif. Aupistus
i key original attachment, levied on house.
!J fumit'ire. l! :inpcarinjf to the satisfaction
the Court, that lb defendant in this ease is
iliout the I.mits of this statr, it is therefore
i-r!, that publicition be made for six weeks
the Western Carolinian, for the d !eml..nt to
pear at our next County Court of I'leas and
jirter f:rm to be holden fiT the e'.untv of
.'herf irJ, r.t the Court -house in H'lthi liordton,
the t!;ir I MunJay after the fourth Monday ii.
ntrmbt-r nrvt, tVn and tlirre to '-had, or
I mur, o'her" m- jm'n-.r nt f.rul u .11 be enti red
li AC CHATON", C.C
r-t'AU' iA" ctv-VaY'uu,
RVTMt Rrol.l CtANlV.
'01 TT rf I'l -ns and tu irtrr Si slfiis, .! ib
Se 1?JJ ; 1'lte.tiiss I .ties i.--1-. John
t -iinl s'tieh"-!, i'Sii,! , m ro
. It :;cjr fig to the '.iLt t.'.ii of tl.i
f, !'' at tae di'lenJitt-t in tb'.cL' i without
litii -s f this sta -, thtUrrd, then 'ore, that
l.-a'i'.r. te nti'le f.csix necks in the Western
H iri!ii.;ut., lor the ilefeii laiit to appear ! our
s'L.M.i.t. c.n.rt oi rii -as atwij.ur:crsions
' h'l 1 f-.r lt :" ri e...My, -.t T'ic 'urt
i:i K'ithrth" 1 e-i the t'.i r 1 Mond ,y
i r tlie f iurh NI'iin!-.- in S. picmher i.- xt, then
' there to plead, or 1 -u i", or j ..i't .t-nt fin d
ii lie eiternl up a.-iiii- h
V :ie , S .' t I! M ). C C.
If'Ot'RT of I-h-as and Quarter i-"sins ' :!
' s-snw, H-!-.' J''' n ll.Si-s.Jie i -. t.rktel
i-t.iii't .1....U. Att. It .sppciril i' t.itlie Satistae.
-n of tins coi.rt, tliut t'i" dileiiitiir, i "'-Led
'-irfou, re-ivhs hesond t'u- lim.t. of ''u- si.d
.'e : ' fh J -e.', tiiefifire, th-.t ri!.!.c..l ion be
m'.p tt.rv e werk ; in the Wi sb-ni t.'uiul.n'uin,
a' ti!i-!- the Slid dels In hint np ar at our lie xt
wrt i f I'll as and Uu--rtvr Sisv.it.', to be held
r s..id c.i '.rM, t'.; Court-tloiisv in Morj-nu.
". en t'ae ;,'.i Muti.l .v i i S teiiihi-r liei, i-n !
; v or il ad to is'iii-, ju.l 'in- t fii-l w dl he
I for the j IVmi'-f's dvt: ill 1 agaMi't him.
Wittiest Janies l.rs. i", t'li rk of ..id court, at
' -, the ;;;!! d. V tt Ju's-, 1 i.'-.
j. uas i, :..-..
itm i ii-t.iuUiii..,
T ff I'h as an-! u:ir i" Si'-.-'i-u, Ju'y
v r", JS." I ii, i tailv.e!! Jrvsc
A i i.". rf J, !iu Turtle and llarrisou
....'u '-t.re's i-...!.' men; .-rsnl on l.il.
mi t i Ci
. pii-i, t.i.it '! h-.rs
i I'uPs- Sj a ll, w ItV i f I:'-.
' itiieks, rs'.ih- bey d 'lie h.i .'.sui lis s'.-te
-tarn lure it was unb red hy tin- our', t!.v.
i.hctiiiii I,.' mule in l,e Wi -.lir'l Carol':. .i.iii
"-three we. ks 'hat Utiles-! the Sub I Imlsioi.
ar bct'ire i'h- . ,i I cii:i-.'s i ...,rt of I'b -n a: u
; iter se..-.- .n, to !. b tl t ,i... c-on !l.
i Mi -rtrai-.'iiii, on ib.- I'u'irth Monday in Sept. m.
rnet, tlo-n u'i there to ir.i.kc tloiusi be
'u'ieiiii ih'Sca.i , and s'uw e:iue whi-r-pf-'ee
Mention should nut be b id ;ij.':';!M the rca! rs
J'e, othi risie tiuiK;iti n X parte .il S( aw aid
d riir aiii-.t t'i'i i.
AMKS B. HAMPTON respectfully ii.fu
the .public, that he occupies the oM .!io;
formerly owned by liit father, on Main-street, i
a few doors south of the Court-House
where be is now nreparwl, w ith a (rood set of;
tools, to repair all kinds of
. .. .. . n i i p
WATCHES V CLOCKS.
Having employed a competent workman to help
him, he assures ull who may favor him with their
custom, that their work shall be evec.uted in as
good a style u ut any other shop in this part of
tin; country. All kinds ot old Jewelry repaired,
and some kinds made. Jobs of every description
in his line of business, will be thankfully received,
and executed on a short notice. I'cople who
reside at a dUtmicc, by tending, may depend on
bavin); their wok as faithfully attended to and
returned, as though they were present anil
bfiv the old c-.1:ib!ilicd Salisbury prices charged.
SalMury, Am,;, 1J, U
fri'ir se-on-.l si-ssion of this institution has just
I commenced under the management of Miss
L:aV;vwo;itii, v ho tup rin!elilnl the I.t.t t-v
sion wilh the highest approha'ion. All the
branchec ifodiv studied by younj; ladies (music
excepted) arj taught in tliis institution. The
Trustees (latter thcmsclvci, from the talents of
Misi I.eavetiwoi lh as a tutoress, and their nttcn
tion to the exercises of the school, that very
general sate.f.ictbm will be given.
Tiiitioiifr.ini six to eleven ibilla.'Sp'-rseiiii.aii.
nuid Kesiou, villi tvo doll:,vs additional i'ur liiiC
r.eedle wot!;. tJcnteclhcarJinjatfrom twenty,
five to lory dollars per session. A few more
scholar; v. ill L: reciud befurc tin: school is
JOHN' lltm, Tree. -nr.-r.
cc(i.ii,'mu ist timt.
T S2IAI.L attend at the Court-llou-je in Salis.
bury, vn Saturday, the 14th day of Septem.
h-r ne-,, to -ol!ect the balance of the TAXF.S
d ic in C.ip'.. Vool'i Company for the j ear 1H?1 ;
mid id! tho,a wUa full in p.ey on that day, will
have to pay w i'.'i cost, iri'!iie-;a'.e!--.
Iinr.RAL wsj;cs will be given to three Over,
i seer;, who can come we'd i-eioriiim iiil d,to
take charge of plantation-! in the eonn' v of Meck
lenburg. None need apply, i:n!;.-s they have
been accustomed to tlie command of iwroee.
UK is. 1'oLK.
Wi":fnJ, .If.jy 10, 1:1 Iwl'.M
feUUt V .ovl-Cvu'um,
QlTKRlOll Court of Law, March Term. 1S:.
O Lf erov llurtiett, v.: 1 lijah Toueh. Jud. att.
levied on laud. It appearing to the court that
the defendant livn o':t of this state It w is
therefore O i.'i rn!, that publication he nude for
three months in the Western Carolinian, that
the said r.hjah Touch appear b' f'ore the judge
of the Superior Court of Law fir the county
nfortsai 1, at the nest eourt to he hel.I at the
Court-House in Morgans n, on the -!'h Monday
in Septeniber next, and teplcvy and plead to
is'ue, or iudgr.er.t will be entered against him
1 jT plaint id defnud.
v, . w. r.itwLY, i . n. s. c.
f SIlIK subset i!-rr hss ju-'. rcn-i-i-,1 a choice
1 sup;d;- of (.I'.'U K:U:S. v !skh he ( tlu-s
U r v.!c on tin i.iost rea-mei '! terns for uj.
riioiii ti.i m a -! : So ; ir, I '. ' . M'!a-,i s Hum,
Hiee, V'ns, li'.ii S: it ; a-; I aN' the u.ua'. sup
;!vii f o-;i - . .;ki-ss; .-. ti'mt ami half
t.'...t ;' '."hr . TIIOM s IUil.MI.
Jit o, r.
Uiu U in si e uveA .
I1L si.lis.-iibf r sv'.le s to ii,fr"i the utirfris
of the I i i'ed S'. i'i . that he h is obtained
a patvi.l Iro-. tli--' !':-i. i ft hi' 1 nited St.i'f-s
tr a i.ev. a-.: '. irc'.,.l .!' a ry in the mthod cf
eating tLis; i in llor.-es. 1 1, - r anner of
UTatiuel.t is si'i.j !e, and sen f..ily peilurmed.
Numbs ti..f le.p!- have t;isen ( rtiti.-.i'cs of tfu
gr at it's ,i!iu i i.f (!- -i- ost-tj , an I ut l.e ra are
remlv to te.iii's i i the s oiie svav, !iuii!d tlicv In
Calh.lon. '111.- subscriber wisln s it hut to 1m-
. hr-ci i ! 1 cs hail- bee"ir.c
!v.. !. can ! brought t tiivir sight .'v"iin . but,
in many cn-.es v here t'.es I ..se been blind f-nin
on- to veviiisea; i, bs I. is methixi '.iiey bxse
I'.ecn r.'storcl to turfect ';;h', at.! eer :..er
villain, d o.
Uii;!.i-i lor S:..t -, orsirlc r. unties, p . is be
clitained bv it !in;-, either o. r- -tuilv er bs
letter, to the subset ibcr, or l. s agent, in the
town of H inltville, Surry tcinti, .V. Carolina.
A r'ght f ." a single county si" ! s-i. frmi
ij t-j l'J rf..!! a! i, proportioned to the population
thereof. JOM'.PIl SA I I t:.
. -..-. r . n--,.V. C. ,f. .-. 1 1S.W ..inCY.
XI Y a deer -e of the Court -;' !;u
I) Aor.l u-rip, 1..'2, I iv;!l e'ic
i.... m.u.e at
e to rnbhf
Sale, ai the Court-. loue in SuiiMiury.on Miuid..y ,
lir Jce'i i !' Si-n'.pu.brr nest, Uiti No. 1 7 niu! IK,
ill the i"v:it iiortb quare f the town of Salis
bury, on which t'lere arc improscim ni ; and
lots No. -!i, Jr. and :'S, in said town, iitiir.ipni.
sed. A Is. i, two ten ts nr parcels of land, Isinjr
aiul bring in the enmity of I.' nvun, to wit : on-,-
f tlit.-e liiindrt'il iitcs, lying on (lie ss ateis -i
I 1 ,t Swa".iti Cru k, ami uie ot a hundred act s,
isii.g on the t'.ti of n iiioiintain, caih il lit:!,
niiiuiii.iiu, iK-a" lo toe I .at Swamp Spr.ne,s ''
oi ; ng to the lu irs at law of T.van Alexander,
.'.I c. r.'.. d. A credit of twelse and eightein
i..uii'hs will be i-'nen. I'.ond -, with approved
si ei.ritii , l ili ' e .-c-!':" !. "
t.i.ii. lmclt., ".-- f.
i'e of ibe above property is postpiuu d
"h ibis of Septeliiber.
"VT the vat-'oM kind- couimoidv in i's, fur sale
s. " : ! f,;r.eu eft'.' H rs vs C.'tf fs-is,
Ttf f FJitor$ nf the Western Cunliniun.
TO THE PUBLIC.
T PI'llCLIVr. in your paper my character as-
. saiicu aim my nonc-aty arraigned ociore the
public. I allude to the money advertised, to
ii,.,rt k...,. I.,. i..l... t..,..,: c ,.., ., ...
lit.,. ' III M'"M linns, VI wunwviix, ill
my house. An soon as I learned there was inch
an advertisement, I sent to an attorney to insti
tute suit against the man who had thus- falsely
exposed my character. I was then informed
Travis was and is ye t deranged, and in conse..
quencc thereof a suit would not be sustained.
Hie facts on which he founded his publication
are these. About the 2d of May last, a strati,
gcr, in company with Mai. Orccn, came to ni)
house, who called himself Johnston ; he asked
for lodging, which was at first refused, in con
sequence of the late increase in our family : he
importuned and insisted, alh-dgimr hat be was
afllictcd with the rheumatic pains and was then
going to the warm springs in Buncombe. My
wife, though confined to bed, consented the
sick traveller might stay all night, and receive
as much comfort as our small bouse and moder
ate circumstances could afford. He staid until
next Monday, and in the mean time complained
much and talked strangely. The next day he
rc(o sted me to go for a Dortor, stating he had
been poisoned in Concord and left home to save
his lift-. I went for the Doctor, w ho declined
visiting the stranger, atjd suggested, after read
ing hit letter, in which he had signed his name
John Travi'i, he was probably deranged. He
staid Ui.til the 4th of May, and in the morning
said Ii': would return home ; and at his request
I went with him to Lincolnton : there be in
formed mo he had lost between three and four
hundred dollars and left it at my lions': under
the bed in a gourd. I wanted him to return
md look for the money, it being about miles
to my hotisc from. Lincolnton : be rnfu'i d. I
came home and examined the dace where he
said the money had been deposited, but found
none. The next I heard of the money was an
advertisement in your paper, alledging the mon
ey to have been lost at my house, and tint I
knew w h'-re it was. He describes exactly the
amount of each bank bill, and other matters
appertaining to the money so minutely, that if
they bo tnie, any person v So may pass tics bills
mieht be detected. Thus iavc I been remun'. r-
ated fur what I conetived to be an act of kind
ness to a sick stranger. Whether I sustain an
honest character, I appeal to Uioe who know
me j and let strangers inquire if 1 have not work
ed bard, and honestly supported my family by
the sv. cat ol my brow. Ami it tin- law would
allbr l mi; redress against the indis idual whose
corrupt appetite caused him to f-cd upon the
reputation of otic in the humble w nlltsof lif'-, 1
'JiouM not have tririblcd sou svith tliis comm't
location. r.OSWLl.L HO.STIC.
J:.:Wjnl, Uij 12, ltJ.
I bis communication svas once sent on for
publication, but the gi nt!ema:i to whose ran: it
was entrusted did not nndei-'and the instruc
tions given him, in consequence of which ithss
been delaved until now. It. 110S TIC.
S.!,t. 1.' 132J. CT.ip
fill IK. subscriber, being shout to settle in Mis
I sissipjii, his appointed William I.uu. IVsq.
his true and lawful agent, to transact all his hu
niiiesH in his name. W. JONLS.
Au-msi 17, 18.'. 3wt'19
fllllF.nF. will be exposed to I'ublie S,:e Ht
1 Clinton, Kowan usmntv, situate in the fotk
of t!ic north and south Yadkin, on the 4:h day
of November next, being the first Monday of
the month, the remaining unsold lots in the town
ijI.iu of said place ; one of w hu h contains a lanrc
I new frame building, nearly finished. . Likewise,
the adjoining lands, upwards ol two hundred
acres, a great part of w Inch cons' ts of saluable
low grounds risers ing the plan ot the town, the
.width and direction oi the rmj, to thJ scite of
the bridge eommenecd on the luirth Yadkin,
and to the bridge f the uith Nadkin. i he
sale will cotitii.e; from day today, until the
property ii all disposed of ; and a credit 1 1 one
and two scars given for the pun-base money,
with interest, tiie piirrhaw r (;is trsj bond and
wrur.tv. Att.mt;i ii will be g-.sen, bv
j. a. rr.Mtsov,
C. S. W OODS.
SlIDiJl tiire since, a man bs- '.he name o;
Ccori'e C'artssrijht, a iouriusn.aii shoen.i.
ke-, eomovtieed working ss h'i me, mid at'er get.
itmg mt.i n.s ite!), aosemide'l witliout I.., '.
!l- w k r.t otf with j-urnrsman ta.lor.' by the
' emi-:,. It is supjiosed be will make
bir Tent.-.'siec, by t!iC was of Lineolnton ?.
Morganton. The object "f t'nis notice is to put
the public on their guard, n"d l;t the character
of the tna'l keep pace with h.t.wcir.
cvi.w, j' is;:.-tf t,
.MyyAu ii V sXtitlU-VuvtiWiw
WII.KI S Cr-UNTY.
tSOLKT of I'lriS and fluattcr Si-;:ioi Julv
Tf'in, 182. (ienrge Larks vr. the l al
i-l-ilf f John tli-nuni', Orf-oisril lVtiliuii fnl
partition. It appearing that Nancy Cauil'e, or
her heirs, arc uot iulinbitaiil ; of aoo'l-er st.te
Oi.U-iyi'. tli.it tu.b!i ut ion be made f. r ;.'.; svi ( hi
ie W i-triii I aru'i -a . tliat tliev ."" i t ar kt
the net rci-'vt curt, tube liebl for fi-'-,""nn
f At ilkrs, at the Coui l-Hou' i Wil';
t! h i
- i a-' -.1 i
.t n the f,i ,1 Mo' i iv i i ,e cu.be
j ulcad, mii-hi r oi' d, i.mr, or t'.ic pLt
liear-.l e-x I'al'.c.
U. M.UUTN, ('. If. V. c
AAY V'Va";, . ivV. :'' C". t. .
Crce.i for t'nc u u-v- svork v. i.!
he supplied by
W f. I!. YOl. ''.'?..
OF every ib sc-'p'ion, neatly n" l eome'.'yi
i'. tiied :t '.!' 0.,;c.', rr. cVrt rn'Jre. ' '
''sst ',,, .. , : "
Hail! first of Arts, source of domestic cav
Pride of the land, and patron of the ica-,.
raort tiik village uccbHn,
Ilaviiu; been employed for several clays
in pruning my orchard, my mind has been
led to the subject of fruit-trees, the time
of setting out, the ilLlance of ht-uinjj
them apart, ami the season for irutii tg,
if at all, (the propriety of w hich is doulatcd
About twenty-four or twenty-five years
ago I set out an orchard, and chose a
northern exposure, though contiary to
the opinions of xviiters on the 'subject--tny
reasons were these i had observed
that orc.li.il ds l.iying to the south were
mot e frequently injuied by the late frosts
in the spring, than those in a different sit
uation ; vegetation was much earlier, and
often affected by those frosts. My orth
ard consisted of about ISO trees of 2G
tlificrent kinds, a Rreat satiety of sum
mer and fall fiuit ; so that from early in
the seventh month, wc generally have a
Mtr.ccsion till wc gather our winter stoi c,
often in abundance and I know not that
sve have ever wanted for house use in any
year, though some seasons there has been
very little in tlio country ; this I conceive
must be owing to the situation of the
oichtiti!. In planting the trees I now see,
that lil.e many others, 1 committed a great
error by placing then so near to;ctler,
(not more than 0 feet apart) I find that
the limbs of many of it trees intcilock,
and ate dead and decaying hence I con
clude that for the preset vationcf the trees
and the improvement of the fruit, it would
he r.iuch better to set the trees from forty,
five to fifty feet apart this would admit
of mid and air which are so essential in
idinr; the leaves to perform the iTice as
(signed them, by straining and refining
the sap, or that which constitutes the
fruit, by gradually throwing off that hit
er or corrosive property it possesses, and
as the fruit ripens gises it a more agrc
able flavor than it otherwise would have
I think it must be within the observation
of almost every person, that fruit which
ripens in the shade ii not equally good
end agreeable to the taste as that exposed
to the sun and air. If these view be
cotiect, they are certainly in favor of et
ting the trees a considerable distance
hpait another advantage ii favor of it,
which is that the ground may bo farmed
with almost any kind of grain, the trees
be benefitted by it, and the rjrounj left
much bctler for grass.
On setting out an orchard, I should fi
xer the holes being rpencd in the fill of
the year, the size of three feet diameter
at least, the top spit to be laidcn the side
of the hulc, ;.i,J the second sp't to be
thrown in again, vhen the earth is remo
sed t the desired depth, ar.d left in it ;
the wither frost will pulverize the earth,
r.o that with a lit'.!; tich mould, such as
chili dirt, at'ded to the top mould in set
il.'g i:i the trees in the spring, will facili
tate their p;ril!i. I have little doubt but
that trees thus planted, will grow ss much
in four years as they would in :evcn plant
ed i:i l!.; common way, with the holes
dug at lite time of planting, and of at It
barely stinicicnt to admit the roots.
1 ... a tniMtnt. tf Imtt tin. In .iind Ti-ll,.
j':cc, tliat they will live longer than if
I .... .
P1 imc ,N 'c r,aJ' 'orrcc " omitted
nil ti-.c limbs cjrow to a particular size,
b-.tt 1 favcr pn early attention to forming
nt"i ki-cp'r.j: 'hem epen. and taking off
j 0,,.. ri tll;s Jt;l-i: ii0lic hile the trtea arc
sh!ch incline tocrosTearh
voting Irs. ihcir full vigor and growth, the
j hnrlt v.iil sun gro'v over the parts from
i .. ,. , i..i
svltct.ee si.:aii iitnu were taucn, anu mur
ihioty ii '.iistuincd, but if left till they
gi'O'.v I'-fe rr.-l loacl with fni'.f. 'htj will
!rh-if,. rb nther. :.rwl if l),n t:iUin off si'l
affect the stock.
As to the time, of pruning, men differ
in opinion ; some think i'. best before the
sap rises, and otbets tin' it is best when
the leaves begin to put out I have prac
ticed the former mode, whether correct
or not; 1 bno that on those tres iie
qutfttly punted, young shoots arc more
apt to put out. I have an intention to try
what effect rubbing them off with tho
hand will have. I am inclined to think
that will be better than to let them have u
umrncr's growth, and then cut off.
MOW TO TLLL A HOItSL'8 ACT, CY ILH
The following article is copied from a
valuable woi k, completed, and lately pub
lished by Mr. J. Foster, of Winchester,
Va. tinder tho title of "The Domestic
Animal's Friend, or the complete V irin
ia and Maryland l'tnier."
" A hotse that has arrived at an ajje fit
for service, oujjUt to have forty teeth,
twenty-four grinders, twelve fore teeth,
and lour lusU. Mares, however, have
but tiiirly-s'u, except when they happen
to have tuiks, which is by no means com
mon. " It is by the fore teeth and tusks that
the age of horses is to be judged of,
and as they are not generally put to ser
vice until they come three years old,
(and indeed that ia one year too soon,) we
hall commence our description of the
teeth at that ajje-
At three, therefore, he will have four
horse ana tight coit teeth, which are call
ed piiiceis, have a deep blatk hole in the
middle ; while those of the coll are round,
solid and white-
" A short time befo.e the horse come-k
four yean old, he loses four middle teeth
two above and two below, which are fol
lowed by four more horse teeth with black
holes to the middle, the same in the pin
cers. 44 A few months before he comes five,"
he sheds the four corner teeth, two above
and two below, which is hi last colt's
teeth ; and at five they are replaced with
horse teeth hoilow as before described ;
and grooved on the inside. At this ae he
also gets four tusks, the two lower ones
generally three or four months before tho
Some horses, however, never hive
any upper tusks but this is not common.
The appearance of the two lower tuski is
the most certain proof that the horse is
coining five year old; even if some of his
colt's teeth remain.
" When lie Ti nearly sis, all bis fore
teeth are full grown, pointed and a little
concave on the ioside. At six the grooves
on the itiiide begin to 11 up, and soon af
ter disappear; tnc other bUek holes in the
middle of the teeth also begin to f.ll up,
but are still very apparent.
" At seven, all tne, fore teeth except tho
comer oncs.are generally filled up smooth,
though a black spot in the centre may yet
appear. Between seven and eight, the
! corner teeth also fill and become smooth i
after eight.it is difficult, indeed by some
held to be impossible, to judge correctly
of the age of a horse j all Ihe striking;
marks of his mouth having disappeared-
After which period recourses must be
had to the general aspect of the mou'h--If
the tuiks be flat and pointed, and have
two small grooves on the inside which
you can readily feel with your finger, be
assured he is not old, probably not yet
'tli but if you fiiiJ only oi.c grooc iiri
in t!:e tusk, you may conclude he is ap.
w AfiiTtwclre grooves generally diup
pear, nnj tu:ks become as blunt and is
round i:hin a without. The length of
tiic teeth U by no means a certain crite
rion to judje of the though Jonr?
teesli projecting forward, certainly indi
cates un advanced age, as the teeth of
youngs horses are not so long, and gener
ally ri-ect almost perpendicular.
" The lips- of a young horse are very
firm and elastic, tvhile those of an old o
nre reft, dbtj, ml hars'mj, and the