MT.. 1 i.V r i4 ., n I of .! 'i'uff n . LAM." I IU l.l UOIT. Mir tBH, uct. 23. , f imiua,iro(tiiinMjutn, tie lUJtUi lome ltcr datee have been received from England. To tbe politenett of T. W Mo'-re, ra. 'Arrnt for the Packets, we , tc indebted for Halifax pi per i to the I3tb lost, containing Ixtndon dates tf the Vtb tit. which, with such snides it appeared of interett from the morning papers, win be tound IjcIow. - Vt) shoulj lufer, from ht change in commind of tha trench squadron block r 'lnsr Cadli, and from the ill jsatufcctlun hlf h tha link rf AnamAMmm la i have expressed of Count Dourdetoult's tardy mot c menu la tha siege, that discord . among tha French it likely lo strengthen tha Spanish cause. The Trocsdero, which according to a statement in a Lon Con p .per of tha 5th. hit fallen, it, it tvil t f membcred, ctjf ibe main land, oppo site to Cadiz, Irons whence It could onir im!:u,k;i: r be luecoured by sending dctichmanti acrott the bay. Its Mils not otherwise roaterlal, thiirt at It dimmithel, in loma , decree, the diflkulty of penetrating with fleet Into the inner baibour of Cadis. a IT 1 I r ... . ouiucirni ocienccs are yet icii no we re r, h tha battel ie of tha clif, at Punt ale, and at tba bottom of tha bar at the Carac fit. In rmnAmm ant Biik ktfkMnl ah ft i. , part ot the trench, high Improbable. - - r-F - irrrioir in appears that tha Empe ror of Kuttta lately broke through i - bridge. In fn tf hit loura i wathrrrlitlia . ted from bit carriage, kicked by hit Jiorte, lost tome of hit precious blood, and , dered tha Inspector General of Roada to 'fit bamthedlo Siberia! Hera it royal jut t Ilea for you I Such it the penalty for be 9 t - a a a t 4 ant; ne guiltiest cause oi sneuuing one - crop ot the blood Of the Lord a anointed I J ' FROM CIBBALTAR. The ship Seine, Capt. Williams, arrl fed at New York on Saturday, from Gi uraiiar, wnence nc kancu on inc u.nuil. Tapert of the 10th, llth, and 12th, are rctcivca Of ner, wnirn, who me execp- r lion of the ericlet below, announcing the ikfur Ml9a. rfiDbm nnlhim. mi the subject of Spanish affairs. Captain Williams informs, that the communica tion Wml mimr rTiKtiar t'mAm kept open the tame at at former dates that intelligence was receired diljr from the latter pbee, and that nothing had o- currec ot importance since me t reach took . . viiiiwa vttuiaiiar mil nig rirjlfooMjnot Jonjj holdout.- AJettejdated ' on tne iztn, saya, our datet trom la --His to the Vthfgtve us to expect that the affairs of Spain will soon be compromised probably through the meditation of Eng . aaiiu. , J mm The Constitution, Com. Jones, and On tirio, Capt. Chauncey, sailed from Gibral tar fin th .8th. and th Nonurh on the llth, for Mahon. Tbe American Mbit ter to Spab, remained on board tbe squadron. , ThcrA ihrifirt tn ka tian nn SnlP' . ..... -rrw... ...... ruptton to our with Malays in con sequence of its capture by the French ctstALTAK, strT.-5. The Tribune ' frigate has just arrived from Malaga French division entered and took posses eibn of that place yesterday morning without the least resistance, and were joy "fully received by tbo inhabitants. Gen . . Jliego fled the preceding night about I , pait II o'clock, at which time his flotilla sailed from the harbor with some soldiers ot tunereot corps. - ' Late on the evening of the 3d, some cavalry and infantry retired by the road to Velez Malaga and yesterday morning the French cavalry pursued the rear guard, and look the whole or tbe regi , tnent del Rey prisoners.. i ' ' It is known that Riego embarked i large sum of money, . and. church plate in e Itea nsvn Gen. Ordoneii i with part pfthe gatrison JiOMiu;ArgeMravwd-4lut4o-enter4U-4 The brig Cvpnis has arrived at Boston wvhich passed Gibraltar on the 18th of . t . 1 u , which left that port the preceding evening 'and from which information was obtained that' tbe Frtnchwas in possession of fa ' tiffa. ' 44 Had any event of importance v -1 i f r j; . i. . i. : y .U . V Ml.. v.w.w v.. I.V w . ot fort 1 rocade-o, a is more thau proba ble the captain of the Emeime would - have heard of it and- men tior.ed it. Uer then we have another 18 day a elapsed " V Hfioui if iartrTtha!rth in viiteri fiad been able to begin the bombardment, commence anoui a. luuiuu pve.wu. .: . , , , Advices from Zante and Corfu, con tained in letters from Trieste, of ttjel'l it ult. mention that the Turkish fleet in that neighborhood, was jnji state of great in aubordinationt and that the placue prevai led on board many of the ships- That of the Greeks m.Vintaincd a position favorable 'for an attack, but their naval commander . had determined to delay it, until disease aad the mutinous spirit of the sailors had t..V'.'i :'. . c t in a ..I ice- I'orLI.AIION (jf inu.AM). tftue parti ef the shter hlani!, the fopulaiiun li rmjrxMe ilrnic. Mr. IteiJ itatti, in hit Tnuh fa lreUn l, lht In eleven (i!lns iMch he v Kited in Unci in the icinitt of Cork, he found them ta aterage a population frighten anJthaiA it tatk. At, the author went into several housei, and found the popu lation grcatlj beyond any thing he had imagined, 3 umillet often occupying one room, and upwsrda of 40 crowding one house ! Ill numbered 31 In a house be tweeo two and three-Vclork in th4 Ifier soon and there waa a room cotH.M"t( two mora famlllei to whkn he wat;not admUiedrf ; London fiofier. rjioM Vera csuz. mw tou, octoiu 31-TheU. S. sloop of war Hornet, capt. Smith, arrived it thit port on Saturday, from Vara Crux, and last from Havana. Left the former port Sept. 74th. at which time all the ves sel! there were ordered to leave the har bor, and the tchr. Camilla, of Baltimore, schr. Tom, and brig'Ceorge, of rhiUdel phiaj several English merchant vessels, and the British sloops of war Tyne and Ucllette, which bad been taking on board specie and coeblneal. were getting under way the tame evening. Hostilities were momently expected to break out between the town and the Spanish rirrisoo in the Castle of St. Juan, the fort a in the city to commence the ore, with a hope or redu cing the cattle to subjection. All the old Spaniards of the city had fled into the castle. The Hornet touched at Sisal Autr. 14th, and found that that place, and all the coast wai governed by the Patriot!, and heard of no uiratet in that quarter. Oflf Cape ... . 1 .a 1 a a a a Antonio, in insi. ooaroed schr. Ida, Uaul, from Philadelphia, for AlvaraUb, all well- Lieut. Piatt, one of Commodore Por ter's officers, while in the Havana, wai grossly intuited by the Lieutenant Gover nor of Cuba, who called the commanding officer and hit men a set of pirates. iommouore i oner wrote io tne iovcr- nor an account of this, who replied in terms of the greatest respect to the gal ant omcer, and to :he men who served under him. It is said that the Deputy Governor, a poor little tadpole of royalty, has been deprived of his command. The Caraccas Colombiano has publish ed a latter, wriuen by gen Paex, to the president of the United States, acknbwl edging in grateful terms, the obligation he is - under, in consequence of his sons having been plaied by the president lo Rie military academy at West roint. 60METHLNG KF.W. John Phipps Townsend, the famous backward pedestrian, has undertaken to pick up three hundred-stones with his mouth, without touching any one of them with his hands, each stone one yard a part, in eleven successive hours, at a distance of fifty one miles, five hundred yarJs. This feat is to be performed at Stepney. A large' Jtiul.. The Receiver General of Lower Canada is' annouced at having illegally taken out of the Public chest about. 140,000. Some of tbe Canadian papers call it a defalcation i otheri w.djrfi- ctency; and otners again represent it a mere misappropriation of the public mo neys by theexecutive government, adding that Mr. Caldwell has varrantt to account for this enormous deficiency. ,A strong suspicion hjwever it afloat, that it is in fact an unwarrantable defalcation j because it baa been attended by a failure of the mercantile concern of which Mr C. is a partner. Lord Byron. A gentleman lately ar rived at Boston from Letrhorn, states that nermacr -pnofw mtcrrtejH JjTjBBiEOlpfc ship bad. honght bngantme and embarky Wi his"wTioIe lort urie lOe Frdrho pjuK poie for proMedinicf to Constantinople b effect the release of a number of Creeks held in captivity there. If th'it philan: thropic mission proved unsuccessful, he was determined to join the ureekt, and assist them in person and with his money in their stiuggle for independence. KaUigA Keguter. Persons lately arrived from England! stste that Mr. Perkins calculated on be- Ihif ibTe" to vtKew-Ybtfcrearlf rrThe lprinJejvOTjtw meant oi ine new dieam o nip w men ne Prediction fawJcd-Meih (a shrewd and calculating man) deemed; the N. York Canal s very wild scheme. At the ate it which the Forth nd ar.d Clyde canal waijCornpletci M. calculated the Grand Canal would take 220 years to fitvish it ! But how stands the calculation along side the fact I At such a moment, how eminently hied would its great promoter rise, if some political oiunners naa iroi arresico hi elevation l-tmRichmsni Enquirer Mat t '- - - - iS fj-1 r r ,1 :tt cr lit' ttiiauki, Ma raiiTr, ioiti-c t aaLiii., Kovr.imr.ft it. ira. imHPERANCK!! At the Uta fall term of the Supertor Court fi f fetoV'tt cowftiy, the Orand Jry foun4 true bills of Imlictarrtnt agtlott in persona, fof ba btnal drankeniKvl Tbil looks tka "taking tha buB by tba Was.". Varioua have been the rpreolatlrr plane-of rndividuai mOri!i, and plsnanthrole MauciaUons tokrtk the power of that fria, WKMfcef f ic iU imiMtahty, dntnkennets, and to bring back bcr dclwUd votaries te a proper ach4 of their comLttun at rational bfinp and asorsl agents but no one tneavire va have yet beard ot, aeema well calculated to arrert the epread of this besetting moral evil of 'our country, aa the plaa hit upon in Stokes county. - Tha Grand Jurors of Stokes deserve to be raid lit perpetual remembrance by their fellow-citizens, tor this act of indepen. dence. of fearkvt Integrity, arul faithful dis charge of their duty. They bare set a noble e sample to eMr counties. If neither tears, en. treaties, threat, nor persuasive language will do, let the proper authority try " bat virtue there it m" the LAW We perceive, by the but eek't rafrttnilU 0&mir, that it has changed hamls again t it is now publinhed by Mr. Lemuel Bingham. From our personal knowledge of his character and qualifications, aa a printer and editor, we think the patrons of that paper have now a full war. ranty of the permanent continuance of an ably conducted paper. On the subject of the next Presidenry, the OWrver luu tlecUred its preference for Mr. Vlamt. "Printers, in a peculiar manner, are dependent upon other clasaes of their fellow cit'ueni fur tbe very eiiatence of their estab lishments i consequently, we find them ss great caterers after public opinion u any other set of men. We may infer, hence, that the people in Die vicinage of KavetteviUe w ill favor the election of Mr. Adam; became the prpcr in that place supports hit pretention. Thii ia very simple logic ; but its simplicity docs not make it the lets true : truth wants no blandishments to re commend it to a virt'ioos people, -like the glo- aiout orb of day, its resplendence it not created by reflection, the plainer the truth, the mere powerful ita agency. According to the evi dence, then, furaithed bjr the ObaerTer, it ajr- pean thai (1rvAdams sanda first, and Mr. Cal- hotln neat, in'the estimation of the people of mat district; ' How vm radical stomachs digest tbiafacii ' We are informed by a correspondent in Lincolnton, that at tbe late fIl term of the Superior Court for that county, Mi chael Summy was convicted of passing counterfeit metal dollari, and wat w hip ped. David Powers was convicted of the tame offence, but appealed to tbe Su preme Court. Powera it an old man, and has two tone in jail, implicated in the saffairiJheiiilu'estof whom is tmder 21 years. Nicholas Whissenhunt, who was lately pardoned by the Governor, under a con viction of perjury, was convicted of horse stealing, and" punished by whipping. V There were 8 or 10 persons in jail, charged with criminal offences, but the above are-all that were tried at the lata terra of the court. Cto.'on. It will be perceived by our quotXM tions of the prices in Fayetteville, Charleston, and Che raw, that thit great staple of our coun try ia looking up." The Fayetteville paper of the 30th ult. has an endorsement on the mar gin,, that Hales have been effected there at 16 of wttorf vcre'tbU as I'TghlaOMlti buLlhat in less .than one month after, . it waa down si tor us nine cents.' We hope such w ill not be the 'case-this season j for our farmers tMrnrnta fttHaSl Maatatl ifalMl B)ttJttTitl flaas ii 'trT swIUwew "TUxSHW g VVSJ TTT rVVJ g lt 11 this time, to relieve tbem from their pecuniary embarrassments. We are not prune to. sooth saying i but we think there- it something more than our ow n speculative notions to w arrant us in assuring our country friends, that "now is the time" to tlispose of their crops to advantage. We think it very probable that prices will hold their ow n longer than hvstyew; hut itia impos little, in tba jiatuBe of commercial Unnsac.twum, that cottpn should, remain at steady prices Uuvugh the Mrttr-eeewn. .- TA TTPf tftoitcvril, says the Leesburg,(Va.) paper, will be put forth to the world in a few weeks. We suppose it will be a counterpart to the Polititai thru Kucc, as it is from the same author. The "lovers of laugh' may wbet thei?' appetites, for it is thought the trig" will be frualed to the liking of many' a( merry' soul. . ; ' Jfe Pott-OJice.'J. new post-office has been established by the Post Master General, in this' count-, on the great Southern route to Charlotte, Le. tr uJU'int mm fl5ury Irfl CortoH, an I Noah fartce, Fj. appointed foal la1cr The ofHce U name 4 China Cr, CmaAM-Teten!ay (tU 13th) the day for the roetuiif of the Convention Dele- gus In Ujcij-h. I row the temper and ipli.t evinced by , thoea deb-gstes we have acen, we are animated with hpea of tbe moat favorable kind, that the result Of their prcient conference will be highly attiafactory to theiT fiIlowlti. aem of Uia Wert, and have a most ealuta7 in fluence on tha minds of our brethren of tbe Earf. It is entirely miaecetaary fur ot to aUempt, Itttul laU period, any eonjecture of the tpe Ci1c mrmauret this meeting will adopt, for the Tfthtyof tbetr proceeding! aUlbo bcfurlllie people la a very few days. J 11 COMMON 8KX8K." ra tea wvrrsae caaeunst, Mr. Editor i In my first communica tion, I ciprested ray intention not to ei amine such of the argument! of " Com mon Sense" as were bottomed on the cal culation of federal numbers, because they were altogether irrelative to the true ques tion in contettation. It may, indeed, be true, ss be lays, that some of the corres ponding committees have highly applau ded this principle, and that Individuals have expressed a like opinion ; but does this prove thanuch will be the prevailing sentiment in the convention, or that fed eral Humbert will form the batis of the new constitution f Certainly not i liut, it proves that thete committees and individ uals have mistaken their grounds; and that 44 Common Sense" is either blind enough to fall into the same error, orto phist enough to build his arguments on false premises. The first step in jutt sr gument i, to state the question fairly ; the next is, not to pervert the arguments of your opponents. Let the candid rea der answer whether thit hat been the course of " C. S." The question-in dispute it. not whether federul number, or whethcr''l"" tjnf should bo made the basis of future rep resentation ; but it is, 44 Is the existing con stitution defective? it there a reasonable certainty that a convemloircah ahe t tf for the better ? Instead, however, of fairly meetine the Question, thit writer first lets loose his imagination, to conjure up a new constitution for flie friendt of convention and then turns about to show ut that tbit child of hit own begetting it a rickety bantling, " without form or comeliness.' Thit sort of tophistry may answer for the regiona.of 44 Cold-Water," or 44 Cottle Creek ;" but it will never antwer to tra vel abroad. Leaving, then, thit hopeful offsntintr of 44 C. S." to be swaddled and nursed by hTmselfTwe wilt proceed brief ly to consider what be says, and what oth ers so often before him have said, on the subject, 1st, of equal Hghts; and 2d, on 44 the biennial meeting of the Legia lature." On the subject of Equal righti, 44 C. S. again misconceives the question, and labors to disprove a proposition that nobody af firms, unless indeed it may be a delegate or two of some captain's company. The whole of his argument goes to show, that it would be unjust for ihtfrtt-Mder to have no morertvelghl in the government than the person who holds no freehold. If, by this, he means the firofierty-hQtdert then I agree perfectly with him; but if hit meaning is a strict construction of the constitution, then I shall show thnt he con tends for an unjust principle- When the friends of convention make use of the terms44 an equality of privilege," or44 equal rights," they certainly do not intend to convey the idea, (bat there shall be no difference in the quuliicationt of electors for the two branches of the Legislature ; tbat the lazy vagabond, who cares neither for his country, his family, nor himself, should weigh down the good citizen, who by his industry acquires the property which supports hit family, and contributes to the support of government; they do PiJ.l?.! they mean that cit- lirvtttlth to government., in other words, tbat tne citizen of Mecklenburg owning 100. of real property ought to have no greater nor loJiiiuiJBcighjLiha i us, who alto possesses 100. worth of the same species of property. This is what we call 44 equal rights;, and this is what majority of the property-holders of North Carolina do not enjoy under the existing constitution, ror example i in some of tbe small counties in the East, sucb as Gates, Green, or Columbus, there areiiever mere than from 1 SO to 2 J0 free hold rotes taken Thile iff Orange, Guil lore, Kowan, Jiurke, Lincoln, western smalt counties, ire equal to 1500 in the large ones; or one freeholder there, jbas power in making the laws equal to eight in Orange. This is as io the number of freeholders. Let us examine if this ine quality doet not exist, both io the quanti ty and in the value of tbe land. , , . 1st. As to quantity; Qhowan has 92, 0 )Q acres of land ; Orange 526,22 ; yet Chowan has an equal weight in the Sen ate with Orange. - " r .." 2il. As to valuation thp lands of Gates are wucd t rij7,bj3 t!i0i tf ( . rus at 6ivi,2Ji inosof-f j thosor,f J'runil: " ' ilheUtu'scfJI-; i M13 Ind thaler n, i 1 83,019 1 while valued bt anire at Stl.etl.T42 i TVn. - o- " - ' , ate h. ry great difference Io the value of t' lands In Ibete countiet) but under t present Constitution, they are all equ("4 felt In the Senate. , ' .txlt As to the support each cova.. contributes to the state I while OnlJ Guilford, Stokei, Rowan, Lincoln, WW and 1 number of others, annually pj tw sua treasury irons iuu to z'.i'A there art some, such as Tyrrell, Ct ret,.Columbut, Ilydcn Currituck, tnd rj others, that actually .711 short of ei, money enough to pay the wages of they own mtmbrs.,, There is yet another point of view,, which this freehold franchise preienuk. self ai being unjust and unequal io in a, eration under the existing Constitute A. bat 49 9-10 acres of rich bottom UttL worth B30 per acre, equal togS.sooj kj is not allowed to vote ; D bas SO acres d poor barren sand hills, worth 10 unit a acre, 83 Ar is permitted to vote. Whe ther has A. or ii. the greater stake Utbt country f lit that has the greater Interen, has tbe lesser influence, in regulating too government. Thii li what the friends af convention call unequal rights, and akti they would remedy. If, then, 44 C S." holdi out the tdei. that the friends of convention wik to ti ter the constitution so as to destroy the influence of property, he either ignonns ly misconceives their object, or unfairly misrepresents it. Such may be the ct with s few individuals, bst certainly kk not the prevailing sentiment. We sty, let property have its due weight but 1st the flrineifile ttfieratt equally an all. The gentleman who brought the Con vention question before the Legislator! in 1820, in his remarks on that ocesw'oa, saya, 44 It is a principle now universally acknowledged, that property ought tabs felt in the council! of the government not to have a predominating influence, bui a proportionate weight. One of tbe great objects in establishing government, it fat the protection of property ; and nine tenths of all the taxes that support gov ernment, are raised directly or indirectly (rorn property. It is, then, nothing mom than justice and good policy, that proper ty should have something like a relative representation in tbe councils of the state. It thit the case under our existing Coe ttitution f Is the weight of property grad uated and represented ss it ought to Wl Certainly , not.'J Herev then is oe-sl-the friends of a Convention objecting ft the present constitution on the ground that property Is icH "idstlyrepresented; and yet we see 44 C. S." put it down tn granted, that in the fie w Constitution Inert is to be no difference in the qualifications of electors. The fact is, this writer not have some sort of premises to build ai arguments on j and his plan seems to be, when bis opponents do not lurnish om, to draw on his own imagination for ItT No intelligent person, let him be either a friend or a foe to the convention, b has any rational idea of the nature of go vernment, can contend that property should be altcecthcr disregarded in the-- arrangement of the powers of the consti tution.. Every approved writer op gov ernment, cither ancient or modern, bat avowed and inculcated the principle. The celebrated Gyotius. ei4eyholdslkis sentime'nt, and he illustrates it by a refer ence to several institutions among the in mm m . m, - m cienta. Montesquieu highly applauds tns Roman retaliation, which distributei tb powers and burdens of the clattet accord ing to wealth. Lord Bacon, 44 the great est, wisest, meanest of mankind," holds out the same idea ; and Harrington bai expanded and built upon it, in his Ocea na. Can it, then, be feared in this day, when political science is so well under stood, that a constitution would be formed in which property would be disregarded? Experience shows otherwise ; for proper ty is, in some manner, felt in every coo- anu-now-couta-n oeotnerwisc, wueu etihe. is ihe7Totectiori'of property f t Let then CrS! brace up his sensi tive nerves t his property is in no danger, nojrJuijeMOftl the fnends of convention ask, is, that toe principle, be. it what it may, should be fixed, uniform, and efualto all. " . r In my next communication, I will n" ih with 44 C. S." by expositiB the unsound ness of his ergu meats on the biennul meeting of the I-egi&lature, " A C0NVENTIOM3T.. FOB TEl WSSTIBS CAaOLISI'. Alioula vear ago, a stage line was proposed, through the newspa pers, fmm Charlestor! via Cberawi CMf' lolfe. I.inrnlntrn. Morpanton and AsbC ville,.to Newport in Tennessee ; petiuoni, for, this line , have been; in circulations from Lincomtott to itioxville i and I an fnfnrm1. hxm h,n ajVtted bt ft llUmD" of respectable persons' wherever they hJ been presented. A petition was ted to Congress last session for w'f'v hich faileaVperhaps, from tne F" : tent of the line. a N

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