Oil UrjlloM t
l-dhn nf 1 !'
hi te ii rff !ltif. I f 1it
mile of i r. r U, on which the mail 1
r trsiisprtrj 8 J.7 n.iTci aid con
luUt b.c: beCt mt'lf fc.rN lfi:i',fU
lion on all i ewUihed i outes, hh cut
or wo excrptio't. The 'e are 1,1 10 post
office In the Union, in I a ftunf post
mlri. The iru amount cf pnvajc
which srcru'dfroni h 1st July 1133, to
' th l.tcf July 111, I.UU4I dollar
. and 13 tents, Daring the umt period,
th expenditure tj ths For OfTcs De
partment amounted lo I,l6f 111 dollar
and SI cents anJ consisted of the follow-
' , int iirmti comrnMuWl9 lh potlmas-
l.3J3 ?9J dollar snd PS,i. I Jncjden-j
nd I cents i payments into the treasury,
4 IS dollar and I cent. Cjn the tit of
Jul? lait, there was due-the department,
, from postmasters, 135.21 J dollars and 21
cent from late postmaster and con
tractors, 336 749 dollar and 31 cent
making total am unt of balance due the
Department, 391.994 dollai and 39
ccM. Thee bUnce embrace all de
linquencies of postmaster and contract
or, on the lit dr of Jul last, 25 34'
dollar and 64 centt.
ft tt eulmated not more than 350.000
dollar of the above balance can U col
lerlcd, and that a considerable part of this
sum can only be realized by a retort to
legal process. Some improvement! in
the rerrlpu for pottage, la expected. A
prompter attention to the collection of mo-
Bey received by postmaster. II is belicv
cd, will enable the Department to contin
tie ita operation without aid from the
Treasury, unles ibe expenditure shall
be Increased by the etblihinent of new
A revirion of some pirt of the post
office law may be necessary and it is
lubmitted, w;e her U would not be
proper to provide for the appointment
I postm tstcrs, where the compen
ation exceeds certain amount, by
nomination to the Senatt , other of
fleer of the general government arc
Having communicated my views to
JongTf, at the commencement of the
Lit session, respecting the encourage
ment which ought to be given to our
manufactures, anJ the principle on
which it should be founded, I have on
ly to add, that those views remain un
changed, and that the present state of
those countries with. which we have
the most immediate political relations,
and greatest commerci.il intercoorset
tends tiTcifKrm thenC ".'"Under this
impression, .recommend a- review -of
the tariff for the purp ise of affording
urh additional protection of those ar.
tides which we arc prepared to manu
facture, or which are more immediate-
r connected with the defence and ID-
dependence of the country.
The actual state of the public ac
counts furnishes additional evidence
of the efficiency of the present system
of accountability, in relation to the
drawn from the treasury bince the 4th
of March, 1817, and the sum remain
ing unaccounted for,- on the 30ih of
Sept. last, Hjnore than a million and
a halfof dollars less than brFlhf "30th
Srptembtr .priced ing -and during
the same period a reduction of nearly
"a million of dollars has been made in
the amount of unsettled accounts for
moneys advanced previously to the 4th
March, 1817, It will be obvious that,
in proportion as the mass of accounts
of the latter description is diminished,
by settlement, the difficulty of settling
the residue is increased from the con
sideration, that, in many instances, it
can be obtained only by legal process.
I'or more precise details on this sub
ject, I refer to a report from the First
.... . j - -r -...,1;t..-..-". -ai....x.j.L...
tn-4ast aessionioiioerKpir5-cii we.
Cufnberlandm road, has been applied
with . good effect to that object. A
final report ha not yet been received
from the agent who was appointed to
supertntena.it. ai soon as it " re
ceived, it shall be communicated to
, Many patriotic and enlightened cit
izeni, who have made the subject an
Object of particular investigation, have
suggested an improvemnnt of still
" greater importances They tire of opio
. ion that the waters of the Chesapeake
' and Ohio may, be connected together
'ty one continued eatwl, and at an e
"perise rr short of ths"vlue andimpcr
tanre of the object to.be obtained. If
this tould be accomplished, ii is impo
sible to calculate the beneficial conse.
quences which would result from it.
A great portion of the produce of a very
fertile country through which it would
"jiass, would find a market through that
channel, -Troops might be inoved,
nI.1i rfas f.i:.! i.t s ur, cannon,
ndUverv k't. I i f mu.Uiot an I I
C )nnr(tif. the At.
Untie with the western country, in a
tini' paiidf tnrouih the. teat of the
i.,ti',nt govrrment, h Wihi! 1 Con.
trirntJ mentally to Strengthen th
fwi l of Union ititlf, Dclicringa I
da, that Congre pMeis the riht
to appropriate money f ir such a na
tional object, (the jurisdiction remaii.
ing to the itatei through whiih th c
t4. woutl pat,) ! sub, lit it to your
consideration w hether it may not f c
adviuble to authonz, by an a !t.
q'late appropnition, th emwhvmcnt
of a suitaMe number of the'oflicers of
the crrpi -f r ri;incci,l.Vcxauijiic
une t phnl 7 p buT5J,"dar1flg; ihc nc tt
season, and to report their opinion
thereon. It will likewise he proper t i
extend their examination-1 the
veral routes through which the wat-r
of the Ohio may be connected, by ca.
naU, with those of Lake Ktie.
As the Cumberland road will re
quire annual repairs, a nd Congress
have not thought it expedient to re
commend to the states an amendment to
the constitution, for the purpose of
vesting in the United States a power
to adopt and execute a system of in
ternal improvements, it is alio submit
ted to your consideration, whether it
may not be expedient to authorise th?
K xecuti ve to enter into an arrangement
with the several states through whick
the road pisses, to establish tolls, eath
within its limit, fur the purpose of
defraying the expenie of future re
p.irt, and of providing, also, by suit
ible penalties, for it protection ag4int
The act of Congress of the 7th of
May, 1822, appropriated the sum of
22,700 d liars for the purpose of erect
ing iwo piers as a shelter for vessels
from ice, mar C ie llculoprn, Dela
ware Hay. To tUVct the object of the
act, the ofli rs of the board of Kngi-
ner, with Commodore liainbridge,
were directed tq'prepare plans and es
timates of piers sufficient to answer the
purpose intended by the act. It ap
pears by their rcporr, which accompa
nies the documents from the War De
partment, that the appropriation is n u
adequate to the purpose intended ; and,
as the piers would be of no service
both to the navigation of the Delaware
Bry and the protection of 'vessels oh'
I the adj scet) prts of the coasts, l.sub-
mit for the consideration of Congress
whether, additional and sufficient ap-'
proprl ttions should not he made.
The board of Engineers were also
directed to examine and survey the
entr.mce into the harbor of the port of
Prcquisle in Pennsylvania, in order to
m ike an" estimate of the expenses of
removing the obstructions to the en
trance, with a plati of the best mode
of effecting the same under the appro,
priatiou for that purpose, by act of
Congress patsed 3d March Iatt, The
report of the bord ticcompanies the
papers' from the War Department, and
is submitted for the consideration of
A strong hope has been long enter
tained, founded on the heroic struggle
of the Greeks, that they would succeed
in their contest, and resume their
equal station as among the nations of
the earth. It is believed that the
whole civilized world takes a deep inter
est in their welfare. Although no pow
er has declared in their favour, yet
none, ac cording to our information, has
taken part against them. Their cause
and their name have protected them
from dangers, which might ere this
have overwhelmed any other people.
The" ordinary calculation of interest,
JgtMdizctrti .which min
have had no effect in regard to them.
From the facts which have come to
our knowedge, there is good cause to
belie ve that their enemy has lost forev er
all dominion over them s that Greece
will become again an independent na
tion. That she may obtain that rank
is the object of our most ardent wish
es. It was stated at the commencment
of the last session, thata great ffort
was then making iq Spain and P.ai tu
gal to improve the condition of the
pecple of those countries, and that it
appeared to b'e conducted wlt!f ex
traordinary moderation. It need
scarcely be remarked,, that the result
has been, so far, very different from
what was then anticipated. Of events
in that quarter of the globe with which!
we' have so much intercourse, arid from
which we derive t?ur. 'origin, we have
always been -anxious and interested
spectators. The citizens of the Uni-
I If lrt , irt favor M le neny ami
f .... I
a tin if fellow in tii on that
iidc due Atlantic, in 'e
Loean power, in matten reU-
linfj tiirmle, nvtr I
km 4 pan, nor does it comp itt with
our jjity to do. It is only when
our rlits ire invaded, or seriously
men, J, that we rcunt injuries, or
make repiratiofi for our defence,
With ie movtmenfs in this htmi
pherekve rr. of oecctssitv, more im-
medi ly c nnected, and by cause
h c'J itii.it be obvious to all en-
lighteid J iaipartiai pVtrvtrs,,
The p ktic4 systrm of the allied po.
tffimJ$XWMwj)n hii fr.
4 A ' W 1 ' 1 t
ffrence prvec from that which tx
... . ...
i-t in their rpective government.
And to tie defl te of oir awn, whim
ha bee aihilvrJ by the los of s
much bl'od aM treure, and matured
bv the wisdoirof their most enlight
ened citizens, and under which we
have enjoyed lo much unexpected ft
litity, ihi wblc nation i devoted.
We owe it trrreforr to candor, and to
the amicable 'elation existing brtween
the U. S. aid those powers, to d--citre
that vv should consider any at
tempt on thjr part to extend their sys
tem to any Jortion of this hemisphere
as dangerou) to our peace and safetv.
With the easting colonies or depend
encies of my European power, we
have not irtt rfcrt (I, and shall not in
terfere. Jut, with the government
who hve declared their independence,
ind tiuitinrd it, a d whose indeper
dente we have on great consideration,
and on jut principles, acknowledged,
we could lot view anv intcrposi ion
for thtr p i p .se of oppressing them, or
conmlingj in any other manner, thrir
destin, iy aay European power, in
any otter light than as the manifesta
tion ol an unfriendly disposition t'
wards ihe U. S. In the wr between
these n'w governments and Spa n, we
dcclarejl our neutrality at the time of
their recognition, ant) to this we h ve
adhere,and shall continue to adhere,
providid no change shall occur, whub,
in the judgment of the competent au
thoritits of this government, shall
make j corresponding change, on the
partofthc U. S indispensable to thir
Thelare events in Spain tnd Portu
gal, shjw that Europe is still unsct-
! tied. Of thrs important fact, no
suouijci prnuf can be adduced, than
that the allied powers should have
thought it proper, on any principle sa
tisfjetory to themselves, to have inter-;
nosed, bv force, in the internal con-
cerns of Spin. To what extent such
interpositions may be carried, on the
same princ .p,e, .s a question in .... n
rill iniLtVund. fit rs..ftiua aft-irtuu fr. 1 I
.... 4- .
"M'"""r . fc""
crumcDis u.ucr irum cncirs, a:c nut-rested,
even those most remote, ai d
&nrdyjumtitvoie80.ihan the U, S
Our policy, in regard to hurope,
which was adopted at an early st:ige of
the wars which has long agitated that
quarter of the globe, nevertheless re-
m.in the same, which is, not to inur-
fere in the internal concerns of anv ol(
ment de facto as the legitimate gov
ernment for us ; to cultivate friendly
relations with it, and to preserve those
relations by a frank, fum, ;nd manly
policy, meeting, in all instances, the
just claims of every power, sulmir.ir.g
to injuries from none. But, in regard j
to these .continents, circumstances
are eminently and conspicuously dif -
ferent. It is impossible that the allied
powers should extend their political
ivsm toanv nortion nf either con-1
t uu: ntr w ithou t .endangering-ur . peac
and rJbpM tncuv 0,0,1,4
left to themselves, would adopt it of
their own accord. It is equally impos
sible, therefore, that we should behold
such interposition, in any form, with
indifference. If we look at the com
parative strength and resources of
Spain and those new overnmcnts,
and their distance from each other, it
must be obvious that she can never
subdue them. It is still the true pol
icy of the U. S, to leave the parties to
themselves la the hope,, that ..other
powers will pursue the same course.
If -we compare-the present condi
tion" of our Union with its actual starter
at thcclose-of our ltevolutioh, the his
tory of the world furnishes no example
of a progress, in improvement in all
the important circumstances which
constitute the happiness of a nation,
which bears any resemblance to it.
At the first epoch, oiir population dTJ
not exceed three millions. By the last
census it amounted to about ten mil
It J !Wi chemh Hmnnr.H the mot
lions, and, whit it more txiriorjinirj-,
it ii aim t altogether native U the
emigration front other Countries ha
been iticoniiJerable. At the first
epoch, half the territory within our ac.
knowl dged limit wat uninhabited and
a ,wilJrnri, Since then, new ter
riiory has been friuirc I, o( vast ex
tent, comprising within Umany rivers,
particularly the Mitmiippi, the nsvi.
ration of which to the ocean was of the
Sigheit Importance to the original
states. Over this territory our popula.
tioa hat expanded in every direction,
and nesr states are established, almost
eq ial irrnumber,to those which farmed
the bat bond of mr UnUft--Xlii
rxntnsioft of T rr t.ilwWf"ird -ac-
. I I .L. I. : 11 nn all lla
have had the happiest effect fori all Its
highest interest. That it ha eminent,
ly .lUgmemed our resources, and added
to our trcngth and repect ability as a
power, i admitted by ill. Hut, it is not
in these important circumstance onl ,
th it thi happy effect is felt. It is man
ifest that, by enlarging the basis ol our
ssstem and increasing the number of
States, the vsttm itselfha been gnat
Iv strengthened in both its branches.
Cono!idation and disunion hae there
by t een rendered equally impracticable.
Each government, conhoing in its own
strength, has less to apprehend from
the other, rd in consequence, each cn
j iving a greater freedom of action, is
rendered more tfhVtenl lor nil the pur
poses for which it was institu cd. Tt
is unnecessary to trc tt, herr-, oftlyr
vast improvement made in the system
itself, by the ad iptionof this constitu
tion, and of its happy efT ct in eleva
ting the character, and in protrc lint
the rights of the nation, as w ell a ol
individuals. To what then do we owe
these blessings? It is known to all, that
wr derive them from the excellence f
our institutions. Ou;;ht c n t tlit n
to adopt every measure, which in y be
necessary to perpetuate them ?
fy.ain Nothing can he more nhwrnv
or more distressing to the philjnthropist,
thin the present tate of thiiiL's in Spain
I'irninand, since the restoration of his
absolute soverr intv, seems to think only
of venf anee fur the past ; and the most
dc- potic mul sanguinary means me resor
ted to fur its cidUfic.tion. But let Feidi
nitid beware of the moment of re action ;
it must comc.sooncror laicr ;. and when it
dacs, the head of the titt will par the
forfeit nf his crimes. Minn still maimins
himself lflCarlonn j tris fiiHe band--of
Guriillas will serve as a neecm, around
which the disaffected, the persecuted, and
lhc proscribed, will gradually gather
themsclves; timil the whole strength of
Ihe people shall neVnit into one adaman
iiiic uuvij . , iiui iiieii aiiati icami ii ;
k i.. vi.... .i. m .... :.. :.
Wi e o( he Me q
vengeance of a united firofilr ?
A.private account from Gibraltar men
tions, that when the Trench were "shout to
enter Cadiz, an order was sent by Kinp
I'erdindnd to arrest ll the Constitutional
,nlte" both Spanish and English ; and
! Pu! ,he ."''' nd the latter
,n1,",1on: b,n ,hc !rrf"rh ""1"
relused toarrest any of thtin, and iuffered
them to escape to Gibraltar.
The Spanish Ilepency has published a
congratulatory address to the nation, dated
at Madrid, Oct. 5. It 'concludes in the
following words: the weak, encoura
ged by the example of the strong, throw
themselves at the feet of their king, Fer
jdinand, the pious, the mild, (the Regency
( wel1 kno tbis) readily forget all his
sufferings, if in return, he can see all his
n reconciled, and saluting him
W1,h "numentsof unaltered fidelity, with
ithi nam nf I' ,ilhir and Itii1jr tS tk
' " u miivj itmvi V IIIV
Oa$njQoa his ; dear children."" Then
will -commence a new awrhappy era for
restored Spain." Indeed !
France Greet preparations were ma-
king in France for public rejoicings on the
arrival of the Duke d'Angouleme.
. A grand Te Deum has been perform
ed in Paris, in honor of the French suc
cesses in Spain. All the Royal Family
went in procession on Sunday. to the
Church of Notre Dame. The wife of the
Duke d'Angouleme received much honi
or from the Tnuhitude ;- hercomtenance
beamed with rapturous joy.
.' ...... .
-iretonrf. l tie loin ot Cictober was a
distinguished day in Ireland, as the duty
on Whiskev was reduced nn iHut iav. nnrl
she ten per cent, duty on importation of
cngusn goous rcpeaicu. jaf. Jour.
The existing trora are those between
the TuJks and Greeks, thcispaniards and
hSouth Americans, and the Portuguese and
U.I UOM.S LLS
HT."Hu, iiu.r.niit.iris, j-; i "
MWM-M-Otart . w -
satisfaction f informing the tltUf, cf
Salisbury, and ttsj vicinity, (hit Mr. t.
Lean, the new 1W Master General, b
sccommodated u with a tttn4 miil fro,
Salem, and has thus done an act c7 justly
to this section it the Union, which Mr.
Meigs (the old Post-Matter Cner.)0ft!
reasonably rtfuwd ti, sfier rrptatcd m.
morlal nd representations had bets
made tojdm 'oiMhe sulject. W ih,q
now secelft fttteiilgehte' from Kalclgh,
nd tht north, twkff i week 1 Xnd s'hanu
enable d to" participate In tKBduntagti
of semS wctkly newspaper, and of a fre
quent Intercourse with the general inj
The Congres of the United States mtt
in Washington City on the 1st Inst.
There was a full attendance the" first dati
and as non as the Clerk had Called over
the name of the members, Mr. Tsilor.
f New York, (former Speaker) rose mj
informed the house that, although a gen
eral opinion prevailed among the me.
bers that l.e would be a candidtt for
Speaker, he should not wlih Ms namala
he held up for that purpose. Th house
then proceeded to elect a Speaker: ind
on counting the ballot, it appeared that
Mr. Cluy,o( Kentucky, had 139 tote
Mr. UarUiur, of Virginia, bad 43 U.
Mr. Clay was, therrfote, declired to be
duty elected ; and wa conducted to the
speaker's chair, from whence lie mads
vriv h.nids',mc acknowledgments to the
At our Litest cjtes from Washington,
t!:e tn h'-uses of Congres had cline n
more I'un organize. AI! the former of.
fi-cr of both houses were re -appointed
with the exception or Speaker, as "aUti"
We are o'jliged to omit, this week,!
journal of the proceeding of the l-egt.
latere, in order to give room for the Pre
ident' message, which is uiiuu.nf
lengthy ; but we hope the length of this
document will not prevent iu being car,
fully perused by every reader cf our paper,
for all that empales from ilc ,!ilr, tit-'
perienced and faithful servant of the pes
pie, Jumf -AUttror, i worth trensurwe
up in the mind of every American free
mm, w ho values the blessings of a Re
State Printer On Tuesday, the 3J
inst. Messrs. Joseph Gates & Son were
elected by the Legislature printers to toil
State. The votes were,
Fur. Gales k-Son...-- - - 1 1 a
Btll Jc Lawrence.
Majority, - - - - - 48
It is well known that Messrs. Gales St
Son have, for eight or ten month past,
labored zealously in their paper to advance
the pretensions of Wm. II. Crawford to
the Presidency, and that Bell 8c Lawrent.
have as earnestly supported the clunnsof
Mr. Calhoun to that high and honorable
station; and lest,' from hence, this elec
tion should be viewed as a test of the sen
timent of the Legislature on the Presiden
tial question) we will assure the public,
which we are enabled to do from good
authority, that the subject of the Presi
dency had no influence with the mem-beivto.dc-cfaib
of whom were friends of Cajhounand ;
some of Adams, voted for the Register;
while some of the warmest advocates of
Crawford voted for the Star. There was,
indeed, at the opening of the session, be-
fore the partizans of Crawford discovered
they ere in so lean a minority, some talk
of endeavoring to make the electio'n of
Printer turn on the Presidential subject !
but, in justice to Mr. Gales, it ought to
be mentioned that he was, from the firsb.
averse to its being decided on so selfish
piinciple. The fact is, Mr. Gales b
been such atr oldfaithful and undeviatinf
advocate of the Republican party, that f9 '
could not be. forgotten, though his senti
ments are now at variance 'with' those of
his former Republican friends "
Caufwes. We have the satisfaction
this week of publishing the preamble and
resolutions offered in the Legislature