tin; Mi ni:.
rae ti twa urittti aat.
If 1rre not fur ll aplriwfid tgM
11it tremble from yoe kcauUoue Mar,
flow dark would be tlx furro uf night,
Careering in ber dmly car. '
TS ihu enlivening Woman cheers
Man' gloomttat hour Uh fcmj cart,
' When naught of kindred Me appears '
To tooth tht pang c deep dittrea.
gi -...,., . , .. ..... F .
, And fit Low eft kit recllcw heart
Neglect ktf in lilt rt'f l Of bLuM
Hi only In aAicnWt wnarl , ,
-We truly know what Womaa k
Then wherefore, Man, forget that friend :
When ForuM' brlghtet planets Un f
, He member, wbea their beautle end.
How dark tk night tltal must bo thiat.
But likeet thou tf ihoughtlc roe
That sport's anuaj the fuuataju' brink,
Jior heed tb rill that glide below,
hut care lit limpid wave to drink. .
Mot w whra sjM the desert heat
the fceU the paint of third begin i
Ob I tbea the bitterest draught were twe
To slake tko fire that burnt within.
to, bra with grief and care of pre it,
How aooq rt fly to Woman' arm,
And, suppliant roind bergencroue breast,
Ftftt our woe fur Deautj't charms.
T1IE 8ETORT COCBTEOUS.
Two neighbor lawyer, clever fclluwt,
One UeVd a book, and one a bellow.
Their name pcrhapt you'd like U knov i
tUt, onethe other Joe.
Joe tent a meeaag to KHa,
Fur Etpinmtt AT Friu i
Thi answer back Elia arnt,
tl'i tJSc he nerer lent (
JBut Joe might call if that auuld in.
And in bit office trail it through.
It chanced Ella on the morrow,
To Joe hit aWfare aent to borrow.
Vy btPru, tell my worthy friend,
8ay Joe, U a hit I never ItvI t
But he may call, if be' inclined to,
And all day, if he' a mind to.
On a gmttma ithtte name wee FT in.
By death' impartial ar) the a mowi
Poor hat he lie beneath this (tone
On him mrafoKune oA did frown
Yet Hatt ne'er wan ed foe a rrtvn
When many year of constant w ear
.j. Had made hianrr somewhat bare,
Peath aaw, and pitying hi misltap,
. Hu given him here go'id Ung nap.
won Taa aaiaiaa atauraa.
LY GEXERAl ASSEMBLY, 1823.
The Joint Committee of Internal Improve-!
ncntt, upon the Iteaolntioa instructing- them to
inquire into the espetCency of retaining in the
employment of the State the present Engineer,
and die propriety of keeping up and autuining
the Hoard of Internal lmprovementa,
Report: That they are of opinion
that economy, in the true signification
of that word, should be dostly adhc
red to in all Republican Governments,
ously avoided. Out your committee
are further of opinion, thai the sumeltisfied that noae lf these considera
considerations which should influence tions would be sufficient, if nothing
those to whose hand J the people hvc I
committcd their treasure, to guard i
from the invasions of pnIthrifta anJ of ihla orUlT and b aatiat hava his
loaves, should likewise prompt them offering. And yoar committee think
to expend it with liberality upon all that even he will have no reason to ob
aucb objects as are evidently calculated ject to the Internal Improvement of
to promote the prosperity . and happirjthe State. It is true that present ex-
viaf iit8ehra ' they represent.
Of U.the :bjecta to which the pecu
uiary; resources of the State can prop
erly be directed, vour committee deem
atone sa important an that of facilitating
Y m. trA mnA inter mur n( if inhahi-
Cants by the improvement of its roausT
and rivers. This opinion is not the
crude product of momentary rcflrctionj
but has been matured in the delibera
tions of the wisest heads, and hasjieen
reduced to nractical use bv almost every
nation at all conspicuous in history,
or" at present exAsting,upon the globe.
The advantages resuuiog from Inter
sal Improvement are so manifest as
. - " LL
acarcelv Co be doubted by any one. If
it is admitted, (as it must be) that en
lightening the public mind is one of the
most impart ant duties which the Le
gislative body are required to perform,
vour com tittee believe that nothinican
-An. nerdv aiwt flvrriiallv tend to the
r f " ' .,-.-- ;..v
the Intereal Improvement of the State.
Tlie bu is
polished by attrition : nothing so ef
fectually developes the latent powers
of the mind, as intercourse Awith our
own species; the faculty which it po,
cesses of multiplying ideas, by combi
nation and analysis, gives great im
portance to every species of informal
tie which it canac.uiir, ( cutter
how bumblr,) tod It must suite every
on, with a momr nt a reHetlion, mat
lif the inhabitant tf each section of
tho State were krwcht It wert to
each othir door, each would necct
lariif commuoicate to iht other infor
mation upon a rreat variety of tb
jetti, Almoit rrery aection f our
ctuntry prittnU okircU to the view
lot ''dreamt of in the phiIoophjr of
L..k.. a. i.i A ,v. ;.t.,tAn
IwHicIiTaTiaturalljr'cxcitrtI by aViocii
lion with our fclUw-men. No matt
aa rv w it v f (titj ciilU"VM
willioffto hold th lowett. od Urn
CwiuateU with any thing ihort of the
bighett rank of lotcllirvaco araonr
thoic with whom they associate. En
Urging man'i inhere of action must
likewise increase the objects of emu
lation, and of coune increase the sum.
ulus to individual improvcroeot. . No
oce ia ignonot of the effect of travel,
linf, in improving the mind and man
ner, tad no one of anw observation
but mutt hive remarked the fact, how
snuch Utter informed ate the iuaior
membert. aa well as the leads of famU
lies, residing on freqisated ' reads,
than other persons dweling even ia
the sasne neighborhood and posses
sing equal pecuaiary advintages.
1 he happiness of rxvple is intu
matcly connected with their Intelli
gence, md therefore the latemal Im.
provement of the State, by tending to
enlighten, must likewise tend to pro-
mote the happiness of its inhabitants.
Knr it erTreta U UavoaVme? tka ban-
pinesa of the State would not stop
nere. hi an, either as an individual
or as a community, is measurably hap
py in proportion to his independence.
II our ayttrm of Internal Improve
ment wa properly pursued, no Dor-
lion of the elobe? would approach a
state of independence more neatly than
ourselve. iSorth-Larnlwa, the fifth
State in population, is scarcely third in
internal resources t but from the want
of public ' spirit to call her "resources
into exercise, she who might lift her
head among the proudest, is compelled
to sit in humility, the subject of scorn
and a bye-word'.
Uut your committee feel an honest
pride in looking back upon the exer
tions ot our Legislature, for several
years past, and with the most pleasing
anticipation of those which are to fal
low, for the removal of this evil, so
galling to their nndfj
tng to their patriotism.
V6ur committee have with pain re.
marked, and with shame acknowledge,
that there is an unfortunate jealousy
subsisting between the eastern and
western sections of the btate, calctl-
la'ed to mar the happiness and pros-
perity of the whole, and which your
committee confidently believe will en-
tirely vanish when the system of In-
terr.al Improvement shall hjve- been
completed. Habits of daily inter-
course will produce a fraternity of
feeling between the inhabitants of the
different sections, and the silver cord
- " ... ... . .
But Vour committee are perfectly sa-
could besaid upon the score of pecu-
Iniarv in'erest. Mammon is the god
penses must oe incurred, ana mucn
time may etapse before a very Urge
gain can be realized. But is not this
the case with every individual scheme
for money making? And does it not
i?TJ!eJa?Li?!,Pt?e n 'ArSer tne 8Um
invested, and the greater- the -ultimate
gain, the more distant i the period of
harvestx it it unnecessary-to;o-ter
into nr process of reasoning to
shew the vast pecuniary advantages
that would result to the State from the
completion of our scheme of Internal
Improvement : with those who do not
see it, it is vain to reason, and with
those who do, reasoning is unneces
sary i, it must be manifest to aU, that
the injfl jx of State and individual
wealth, upon the consummation of this
most desirable obje'et, is beyond all cal
culation. And that the works were
all practicable, no man whose eye has
yer ver hirwn corpiietd, can for a
take up any history, and there see re
counted what has beendone by man
hitherto: let him converse with any
traveller, end hear him tell of the
mighty monuments of human skill and
power which he has witnessed, and his
doubts must vanish. - When the im
mortal Washington had retired to Iiis
from tie tTl afll ho.
bora iA th
devolution, wt hd al
to her thi
ls first act was to unlock
inexhamtitli aource tl
national respectability i
and she hi
lot permitted it to be
n. De Wilt Clinton ha
opened in vC
his name i
hlnuelf by connecting
th the Internal Improve-
meet of N?
York and certain It 1.
that the latitat Improvement of New
or will rue her to state of na
tional iofloeiU and apleodor, sufliCient
to excite m envy of iom
proudest oddUcbiea in Europe And
we wauld aaKwhat U there tq binder
our pursuing tie same course, end
Hen will unqvVtionably end ia the
. . i ... . . . . i
same result f
and such example ly why should we
hesitate I Your corVmiitee appeal to
ike. good sea if, libeHtlity and State
pride which bractrric Acir Irg'ulj
live brethren, to say whether pie
would be satisfied that your iommitue
should recommend ihcta to abandon,
at this time, a system promising such
golden fruits V- Whether they would
wish us to say, that the State of North
Carolina shall return to the Egyptian
darkness with which her prospect have
been so long becloud1, and relinquish
all hopes of ameliorating her conditioo?
Whether they wou!f wiihtopronounc
die money already expended by the
State a dead loss a that we shall make
no use of the experience it hs pur
chasd for as, and relinquish our un
dertaking at the very moment we are
prepared for hi accomplishment f We
think we : hatard "nothing in saying
tney would ot.
If, then, internal Improvement is
not to be abandoned, shall we nut out
of our hands kSe only means of prose
lining ii wiui cqici t ii we civil r.n
gmeer is dischargrd, who is to super
intend, examine ud& value the work
and materials at the Flats below Wil
mington i The State has entered into
a contract with Messrs. TwvW and
Williams for $ 1 5,000. to accomplish
this work 1 they are not boond to fin
ith it till November next, and whe
ther superintended or uot, the Sutc
wm nave iq pay me money. Who u
. 'II I - a war.
there, then, but the Civil Enejnctr
who madethe contrac:, within our
knowledge,1 able to decide upon its lit
eral fulfilment f Who is to bupttiti
ter.d the completion of the Clubloot
and Harlow Creek Cai-al l -1 nui.wotk
the Civil Etrgineer found in a b u statcj
money and labor wasicO, (.ta upon all
other work not under h sipVmtcn
nee.) He informed-the Company
A once that it would take 23,000 to
finish their work. They suppled that
15,000 would d". Thrti.hhht ot
the wrk has been dont, and 10,000
mure are wanting: this testa thi lcu
racy ol the Civil Engineer talcu'u-
tionx, (as is observed bv the 15 ard ol
Internal Improvements in their last
annual Report.) Thi Company ask
85,000 more of the State, which we
doubt not will be granted. If the Civil
Engineci is disthaigedrrhU'sw witl
most probably be wasted t if he is act,
there is no question it will he worth
more to the State than so much Bank
It oppears satisfactory to your com
mittee, arKf. nUJ to doubt to the Le
gislature in general, that it is to the
interest of the State to subscribe to the
ftoanoke Navigation Company, a fur
ther sum to enable them to unite the
Canal at Weldon's Orchard with the
river. It is very important that this
work should be done with skill. The
present Civil Engineer has already
saved to that Company a large sum of
money, and your committee think that
for it,. ill materially .depaid y the
fact, whether or not the mcu ty id to be
applied under the direction ol iht Civil
Engineer. The General Aasembl) is
aware that the Board of Internal lm
provementa had contracted with a gen
tleman for improving the navigation ot
Broad River, that the contrac has been
violated and is considered at an eud.
A settlement must tke place with that
gentleman) his work must be eximi
aed and values' and this can only be
done by a person poseing propn
qualificationa There are ' llkewi.
three.,' mpoa'ant roads td be laid ott,
viz t the tirnpike road from Ashvil1
Kutherfordton i and the road "from
Huntsvilleby rGap iCiyiltothe Virginia
line. Besidfes these, eTTTvitt pro
bably be other work; all requiring
some skilful person to lav out; super
intend and Talue. We V.ve already
had ample evidence In our pa6t expe
rience, of the folly of placing yorks in
the hanls of men who Itnow aoiliiflg
about it. Has not the incredible wate
of money, end the general failure of
our schemes, ar'nen from that very
ihingf There Is no species of talent
or education more rare than that which
qualifies a man for the important du
ties ef a Civil Engineer,
All the expenditures to any amount
made in Internal Improvements were
?r:vious to the arrival of the Civil
lagincer j since that time no
prlations have been msde( and his time
la been otinpied la making surveys
and taking other mfaiurcj preparatory
to the prosecution of the works J hence
it is that the community sees so little
done. ' The State is sew ready to do
something effective f and can it be pol
icy for ui to rtturt to the very path
which has hitherto led us to ruin and
to disappointment!1. Hut your com
tnittee would further remark, that if
the policy of retaining the Civil Engi
neer were more doubtful than they be
lieve It to he, the State is bound by her
contract with Mr. Fultun, to give him
six months notice of her intention to
discbsrge him $ which will be half the
time intervening between this and the
aexf session of the Legislature at
which lime a fairer experiment of his
utility will have been made, and the
Leg ulature caa act with more propriety
upon the question. Mr Fulton felt
this article of his sgreement with, the
State obligatory upon him, and abso
lutely refused the same salary from
the State of Virginia which he receives
from us. This fsct also goes to shew
to the State, that the professional mer
its of Mr. Fulton are not overvalued
by us for it is to be borne in mind,
that Mr. Moore, the late Civil E' gi
neer of Virginia, and Mr. Fultcn, had
aa interview off Roanoke, and on the
death of Mr. Moore, (and doubtless
from the manner in which Mr. Fulton
had been spoken of by him) the State
of Virginia offered the vacant situation
to Mr. Fulton, with the same salary
which he received in this State. Mr.
Futton declined ; and shall it be said
that the State is less bound by her con
tract than an individjaU that she will
for the paltry consideration of S3,50O,
do an act which an individual spurned
at i Your committee beg leave to csll
the attention of the General Assembly
to the reduction ia the expenses of the
Board of Internal Improvements, by
vh raaignatiw af Mr, Brr, iha
Your committee cannot forbear to
express their high conl-dence in the
wisdom and prudence of the present
Board of Internal lmprovementa,
which they think will afford us ample
security against the recommendation
of any measures not within the corn-
pan of the moans provided by the
General Assembly for that body.
Your committee respectfully recom
mend to the General Assembly the
propriety of the State s petSrvering in
her liberal and enlightened policy of
That for that purpose, the Legis-
lature proceed to the election of a
Board of Internal Improvements, with
power to emplcv a Civil Engineer.
j Your eom mittethavi n g turned th eir
attention to this all-important subject,
confess themselves unable fully to ex
press their deep sense of its vital in
terest to this State : They therefore
pray their Legislative brethren to give
the system a fair trial. Let it not he
said that the Legislature of 1623 came
like a Might upon the opening pros
pects of their State that they with
Vandal bands pulled down the foun
dations of that fair edifice which their
predecessors had been rearing with so
aoITcuude. .. SpaTeuje
svstem one year -longer t-if nothing i
done during the pre scut year, then may
you with more propriety lift up your
voice against it. We look upon this
aa a crisis in the affairs of our State t
if any thing i now done to retard tb:
course of Internal Improvement, we
believe it would be long ere it v ould
recver from the stroke j an exptri-
mrnt ot one year more, would,
-' m a
think, satisfy us all, that our tempo
rary expenditures will ultimately pro
luce incalculable gain.
In Uliulf of the committee of Ifiter-
JAMES MERAKE,? - . r
rob'j StUaNgk, $
.Mr. .Samuel Danjjs, printer, a native of
Boston, who left Baltimore in 1816, in
Gen. Mina's expedition to Spanish Amer
ica, arrived at Newport during last mowlvj
in the brig Forest ; and h;i tommenrec',
in the Providence papetS) '"tin ucrount of
the occurrcrees t!uring !iis Ir
1JMTISI BTATKfV LAWH.
AS ACT autlrU!ig the Cmrn'iotr af u
linking fUBl to purchaa tho tcvro per cent,
tfork of the United fltatra. In tho year I8?4
f. IT tKACTKO h Me ,W tndll,
Arif in Cnget mH-t,lJ, That, Hit Com
mltwowert of h Kinking Fund be, and they arw
hereby, authorWd 10 piirrhaat, during the var
ono thouatnd tlfht hundred anJ twentyliwr,
iny atnek of tlie l'nit4 Vtalea, bearing an Inter.
r't of seven per centum per annum, not tireed
Ing tto turn of eljrhl aUwn ait buadrad aa4
taa thnuaand thJlara, npoo aucaj Unm they
ma iWnfc prtiprt, wot eiretng the f.flwir.)f
rate thovt tha principal turn pumWetl, tka) m
ttfyi ' ' .
TvT aU sueb stock at tbry may purchaat b.
lurw tut nm nay m Apm wvai, at a mi not 01
carding two dollar fur every aura uf ono hun
dred dollar, la aulUtioa Ut tho Inter! which
would kavo accrued on (iiat day pon tlia tail
stock i ' "
Fur all such atock whlck they may pnrcbaat
between taw Irtt day of April and tho firat daf
of July next, at a rate not e weeding rvrtity-nv
cent on every turn of on hufwtml dollar, In
Hit Ion to the Intereat which would have aecro
td on th day laat meationed i
For all aucb stock which they may pirrchaao
betwetn tho first day of July and the Brat day
of October awal, at a rat not exceeding, on ev
ery sum of one hundred doltara, tho amount of
intereat which would bavt accrued on tho day
laat mentioned i and
For all auch stock which they may purrhaeo
between tha firat day of Oetobar nest and uto
ftret day of January, ono thouaand ei(fht hun
dred and twenty-five, at a rata not exceeding
the principal and tha intereat which ahall bavo
accrued at the day of purchase.
Bar. 3 Jn4UuttrtJtmturJ. Thrt the aij
Commiaakmer art hereby autboritcd to anako
uck purahaaca, under th foregoing rrilrirtion,
at u-h time and place a they ny deem moot
eipedient, out of any money In the Treaaury,
hevvtofav apprpnaUl W th mWrnptioti of
the public debt, or oat of any mawry ia tho
Treaaury not otherwiat anpropriated.
fpealer of the Ifoua of ReprmntaUvea
PreMnf of the ftenato pro tempore.
FT tuiptn, Jn. '22, 1124. ,
a . I. ntipfl .gfwnrm I
AN ACT making a partial appropriation for
die year ono thouaand eight hundred and
BE rr EXACTT.D the SmHnnl ttw
Jlepreteltjlire the United SttUrt
JmeHta in Ctntrmt $mb!t4. That the aum of
two hundred ail aiitvvt thouMnd one hun
dred and forty dollar he, tml the anntc ia, here,
by. appropriated, for the eompemation print d
bV law to tl Senate and llouie of Itrprctcnta
i .1 a .i l . . r
o,1M rf CofAl tmI ,utH the
eontinrrnt exnenae thereof i and that tHeam
be pmi out ot any mne)S in th Treaaur, not
othrrwie pprnpriatod '
AN ACT further extending the terta"o?Tlf
f- ii nl a t tha wiitawa aixl ahillnaWAf
oflfibrn, aramen, and marine, w ho died ia tho
' public aervie.
BE TT ENACTED VaW' -warr mi Jftaar
Rrfmenlativrt .ft VhUed State fjmer
ita in Ctarnrt onrmUeJ, That, in all caaro
where provision h been made bv law for fivo
yean' half pay to the widow and children of
officer. eamen, and marine, who were killed
in battle, or who died lathe naval aervkeof tho
United State, during the late wan and, aim, in
all eaar where provnin bai been made for el-
tending the term for five yean, in addition to
the fret term of five year, tho aaUl provision
Hall be further evtewfed 'or an additional Urn
of five yean, to commence at the end of tho
acrond term of five yean, in each eaar, repec
tiely, making the provUiooconal tofif.eeayean
naii pavt wnicn inau on pau vui 01 ine iuri
(ion shaU cease, (c m the catiaea mentioned in
the laa a providinfr the ame, reapectively.
Rr. 2. And he it farther tnatti That from tnl
after the paatinr of thi ct, tle art, entitlt
" An act to anient! and explain an act raving pen.
aiona to Ute orphans and willow wf prtoo f'j"
in the public or private armed veaaela ef tit
I'nited States," pasaed March the third, ono
thouaand eight hundred and aevrnteen, be, and
the aame ianereby, repealed! Prnvitti if, aawew
er, 1 hat nothing in thia act contained ahall k
eonatrued t prevent the ptyment of ny pew
iiion already granted, until the full expintma of
the period thereof i nor to aflect or impair the
riglitsof any person or penon which may have
at crued during the cxictence of the act hereby
repealed a aforesaid.
Wathingttn, Jan. 22, 1 82-k Approval.
THE 'WELL KX(NVX JACK,
f-YSr- T-ATEtiV wned 4n-9outk-
Xi Carolina, will stand at the
table ofuieubscriberui the
town of Concord, N. Carolina,
ever Uav hi tue week, Suridav excepted, thro'.
out the aeaaon ; the eason to commence the
lt of March, and end the 20tb of JuW.
ArurilLJjeJellcirnsrti U f floH!rJ!!
eaon (but may be diacharged with 8, if paid
w ithin the season.) 5 dollar the single leap, (to
be paid down,) and 15 dollar to insure, the
inru-ance money to be paid when the mare is
discovered to be with foal, or ia parted with by
the peWon putting her. Particular care will be
taken of mares kit, in preventing accidents, fce.
ASA THOMPtfUW, ;
CWaivf. fan, 83, ItfoV iTitg '
Estate of Peter Eddlcman, jr.
xL Eddleman. Ir. dcc'tl. are renurted to come.
in demand against id estate will please
bring them forward," duly authenticated, for"
T :JO!lN 'IJIS'N, Mimnhtrnt.
Jfirt-tin emf?Tan. 20,4824. '3i92
.i. i. , i- i ' ' .. i ' ..
Printinp;, of every desefiption,
PROMPllrV executed at this odlce, in a style"
.of wnrkmanhip corresponding with the
improvement of rhe prctent day.