, . a.
- ' .
-it f fi5.
i ; ! 1 1
tjii; Ml K.
, VW te MTaier,
Witt, fafce freedom, proudly ae 1
A ftiluMM ftjcet reclines beneath tLct
The hitrtU of the Uluetrioua ree,
Vfhb frrmbfr vcrJure, shall ena-rcath thee!
DUoUy the Kin, with rate benign.
O'er kim, in virtue's uum grown honey 1
WHoee seal in early youth was thine,
M'noae etrongrat pulee beat for thy glory
IWar eafrly of r the dubious flood . .. -Hint
aha, bmI4 ourdarheet hour.
To tlwcU ua from t tyrant's power.
Full proud) may our banner veer,
A ft J ill te brilliant tfripc attend,
frj honor of the good and brate
Of Wadtinfton'e and Frcedonj'i frleni.
What coneeicucc, ey, U St In the
When I a heart had one,
To take away dial heart from nt,
And to retain thy tn f
Cor shame or pity now incline
To pity loving part,
Bithcr to aend me kindly thinev
Or five me back my heart.
Covet not both 1 but if tbou dot
Kctolve to part with nei'her,
Vtbv.yet to ihew that thou art juet.
Take me and mine togvlher.
A man of eubtlc reaennint eaked
A peaaant, if he knew
TTIwre aa the internal evidence
That proved the Uible true.
"Die terma of diiputatire art
Had never reached hii car
He laid liia hand upon hit hrart,
And only answer' J, "ntat."
Legislature f AVf CuroHna :
In the ilouac of Commona, on the 16lh of
December, on a resolution to repeal the genrral
ticket law, and reatnre the dialrict ayatciay-nr.
Ata Deal, of Iredell, made the following ipeech :
Mr. Speaker: It is with no ordina.
ry degree of embarrassment that I rise
to make 1 few remarks on the resolu
tion which I some days since had
the honor to submit to the consider,
tioo of this House.
The resolution has for its object the
repeal of a law which provides lor the
clectioo of Electors for a President and
Vice-President of the United States by
a general ticket, aod in lieu .thereof to
restore the district principle. In do
ing this I trust I hare been influenced
by the purest. principles of republican
ism as well as believing it to be the de
sire of my constituents, and not only
those whom I have the honor to repre
Tie nTpfcuTfhe mjority"oTlhe peopTeor
Sir, the time was once, when the
But. ta onpca'.e tie rfotlr, whi
diJ ai'jccssjmg LegUlature djf Tiny
repealed the act of 18tlf aod enacted
the lasr winch the resolution now pro
poses to repeal 1 which, If possible, Is
len times worse than the lortner, as it
holds out the aubitance. To be iur,
by way of saving ippearaacef, we are
allowed erery fourth year in the month
of November It to up to the polls with
a slip of paper with the nam' s of fif
teen persons written on it, iminceq
of whom we hart never seen, which is
as complete farce as was ever impo
scd upon the diet of llolUad. Uut
let us e oeruire how this' ticket is got
ten wpi a) few of those men whom tns
pople elect aotl send here to legislate
for them, assemble together ii.wka.t is
termed 1 caucus, and nominate fifteea
men, publish their ticket, and call upon
a Ji.... .
the iree people 01 tnr state to sanctios
their auraination. Emphatically spea
inr. these caucuiing renilemeo hsve
the subsuace of liberty, while the pt
ple enjoy onlv the ahadow. la ant
this courae aristocratic in ita oatire
and operation, aod does it not tendco
that end, of all the most to be dtp.
Cited, via. to tle introduction of ars
tocracy and monarchy into our coin-
try f Here indeed, air, are the few
governing the many. I venture to siy
that under the present law, not one
half of the people of the State know
the day on which the election for elect
ors is to take place. In the county
to which I reside, there are but few
votes given on that occasion. At two
separate elections, where 291 votes for
ntmbir of the legislature were taken,
as I have been credibly informed, there
were but 17 given for electors at the
election for that purpose. Does not
this clearly show how little interest
the people take in that election. Per
mit me here to introduce a quotation
from the speech o( Mr. Pickens in
Congress, when on the subject of the
uniformity of elections ; this gentle
man savs, " In elections by the people,
in single districts, thr candidates will
be well known to the voters j they can
best judge by their own knowledge
who may be entitled to their -confi
dence. The choice flows most dirert-
ly from the people, who need no dit-
t - - TL. A
lauon irom caucus. ire voter 1
not hampered by a general ticket c
many names, some of whom he may no
know, and others he may not like.
The operation being confined withi
narrow limits, the result being small,
the public excitement cannot be great.
The. exercise of suffrage originating
with the people, it is inaccessible to
corruption." It is a maxim univer
sally admitted, that the bodv of the
feople is honest and free from intrigue,
t would be inconsistent indeed, to
suppose that the people should feel an
interest in injuring themselves j and
Oue pertua rises In the morning at
hall past tnae, another at six. If each
live to be fifty years old, tke one will
L a,.t .a
oave enjoyed iixty-tnrre inoma&u
eigVt hundred aau seventy. five hours,
or tw9 thousand ix hundred and ttxlu
one days more lua the other, Xi us
suppose, that .'there Ire throughout
Great UritaiaJone million five hun
dred thousand, persona who rise at n
quarter past nije, or later. , Of these,
perhaps, nine hundred and fifty thou
sand would, if pey rose at six, be use
fully employed At this rate, fifty,
is thousand dree hundred And forty,
sil millions, riant hundred and seyen-y-flve
ifcotnini touts, or six millions
four hundred aad thirty-two thousand
two hune'red and nioety-two year of
individual improvement are lost to so
ciety eecry half century, This it sup.
posicg, that tnese nine nuauretl ana
fifty thousand get up at a quarter past
Dim, wneraaa tnousanoa am not leave
their beds till eleven or twelve.
All this tinse Is uninterrupted day.
and cueapoed of hours in whttb the
intellect is far.clearer and more fit for
study, thant the rest of tke cUy,
It must be remembered, too, that
nothing conduces more to health, sud
csnaequtntly to longevity, than early
Suppose, rjut of the above number
f persons, five huodred thousand
should 'jve four years longer thau they
otherwise would have donr, vit. fifty
four year instead of fifty j according
to the ratio above, here are two mill
ions more ytari of actual existence
utterly wasted.nf piper,
We have beo informed by Major
Prideaux of thejMaryland Executive,
that within a icy years past a singular
species of insect, or vermin, had ap
peared in the wters on the sea board
of Worcester ccjuntv j which, entering
by the mouth, in great numbers, thor
oughly devours! the fish, which they
find entangled y the rills to the gill
nets ; but what is rciuai 'e, they do
not brenk the slou so thai-though not
a particle of thd interior remains, ex
cept the bone, thr skin being filled with
water, his the kppcarauce of being a
plump fine fish, until taken up, it is
found to be nothing but skin and bone.
Is it not probable, that this piscivor
ous depredator upon the hopes of the
fisherman, is the sea louse, spoken of
in Capt. Parry's last expedition iith
North pole to which recourse was
Aa ar t rtuLL.Ii a Hup 1 w.r Uwrt of law and
Equity In the County of P!Jn, arul to
alter the time of bnUing Ue Superior and
County Courte of Ctulfttrd, Itockiiigham and
Caaaall, aud tle luperioe Court of Itokaa.
Be It enacted In the General Assenu
hly of the State of S'orth Carolina, and
!. t ' I .... .
ivtly, isy tiw to the contrary ootwith
And be it further enacted, Thtt the
etsioas cf the Courts of Pleas anal
Quarter Sessions for the county ef
Davielson. shall be opened and held a.
the third Monday f March, JUDf
September and DccemVtr. in each aJ 1
n r nerevy enmiem pij me auinoniu 01 J"T$ " wnicq times all the bro.
- . - -IH, .i. a ji a.- - e ' . I .... .. J .l . '
nit mumtc, aiui mere saau oc a oupe
Hor Court of Law aad Court of Enui.
ty, opened and held at the town of
Lexington, 10 the county cf Davidson.
00 the third Monday after the fourth
Monday to March next, and on the
ki.J MJ.r'-U fourth Mn.
dayja bepterober, and.oa the tame
same are hereby repealed and this
act shall be in force from and after the
Gortrnment of the U. Statu.
J.UYUMT Ut, IM.
DAMEJ. D. TOMI'IONJ.
cess aad other pracsedinps of ailJ
court shall be made returnable
vided that tine act shall not be In force
ai.ttf akfa.. ol. . mm a
uum autr me icmiqq 01 the Lourt
r erne a
01 rieai and Huaricr Sessioui for said
which courts shall have the same ju
risdiction that the present Superior
Courts of Law and Courts of Equity
in the several counties in this State
now have and exercise.
And be if further enacted, Th'at the
county of Davidson shall hereafter
constitute a part of the fourth circuit,
and the Judge nod Solicitor who shall
attend the Superior Courts in said
fniinlv 'akatl K mm-rli vrlw ntiit.fi I Sff
, r , Drp.rtjncnt of gUU. Joh Q. A(Um(
to the same pay for attending aaid DcMWiruent of the Treaaury, Wm.ll.Cre.lord.
COurtS, that they arc now by Law en- Department of W ar, John C. Calhoun,
titled to rer eive for nttrndine- other Su- lIartmeiit of the Navy, Rami. I.. SoutWd.
, .... . r .... I Attorney tleneral. Mm, Wirt.
And be it further enacted. That a John ManhaJl.
Clerk, and Clerk and Muter iotlqui- roi Waalungnoo,
y, both men of skill and probitr, and
residents in the county of Davidson, clricl Duval,
shall be appointed for the same by the Jcib try,
Judfre attending the firat l.rm cf aiJ snMU, 1"PW.
Court, they shall give bnds and secu
rity, as directed by Law for such offi
cers, nod take the oath prescribed for
their qualification. The Count) Court
of Davidson shall appoint thirty Ju
rors to attend the said Court in the
same manner as Jurors are appointed
to attend ether Superior Courts in this
iJ .:..., A. t.J Tt.-t -II eri imi um.e,
.,t M,irr Oneral, John M'I.ean.
civu causes uepenaing in me superior ,r4 AtUnt lWmier
C . r t j f f t ... . I 1 A
V.U1111 ui t.iw ina cquiiv tor nuwan, 1 '',
the PUintilTs in which causes reaide in s. AM:?nt r"m
r...;i. .... 1 1 11 .. icr VKiitrai,
waviuson -ouaty, ana aiso an actions Vki-ffkri-, -Mr orn.
r . . 1 . . I . . -
01 ejectment ana trespass, quare ciau-1 iiepartment r Mate i)am 1 ii;c.-i.
rirat Comptrvler, Jo-epli AnuVrSon.
Hccond ComptroUVr, H chard tutu.
lMiiira V Trrawry,
I bin Auditor,
f ifth Auditor,
Itrrivtrr of the Treawrr,
Coinnuauom r of the Ocn)
mi Un! Dill
M ilhara le.
Tlioma I . Tucker.
b'm. Bradley, jr.
sum freeit, f.r or concerning lands in s,tr,,r of ,,,c 'l-"7 )S.cc-lJ. Jon.
1 niu. "r . 1 I D partnitnt ol W ar Chrintr. Vamli-i enter.
Drnartment of the Nv Cliarlca llav.
Fuat Ciimplrnllcr'a OL'Ire John I sub.
av.u..ov,ouui, .U4.. uw sranairrrcu, )pIMrtnirl of ,be Nm
wun au process ana procceuings mere-
to the Superior Court of Law I Second rirniplnilliVi ortire Knocli Krynol.U.
f I ir.t &...!... .kilt.- it- ir . 1. 1
....t.r..k..l tr.. .k. r..... i rirai AiKiiioraunice-Hiiiian. Parici r,
. ' , . - 1 Heconu Auditor a (ItnccJain-a l.k--n.
Davidson 1 and the provisions of the Third Auditor's Office Jimca Th .ti.;on.
act passed in the year eighteen hun- Pmrth Auditor's office rhon II. t;.ile.
drcd and s.x, entitled " An act amen. 'lfth Audit,.r'. ()flke-TlMBia, Ma.tin.
. , ' , Irraaurrr itKRce Smnuet Itrovk.
datory and supleraentary to an act, en- Race's Oflire Michael Nour.
titled an Act fo-th tnfe convenieat Land. oflUa John U. aioor. -
aalminiitratin.i nf Jnitir. unrl u!l nth- General Pmt Office Amlrew Coe.
had, to make skeleton, of auch birds, or , tr acta supplemental thereto." for the TSal'? 'rlt iZiV
1 .1 1 . . .1 - -
animais as tncy uestreu to preserve, oy appointment, summoning aud attend- To Great Ilritain,
placing them under the ice, in the way
of these ravenous devourers of fish
and fesh ! American Farmer.
that they should be corruptible, would
be absurd, otherwise, as in the case of
people of this State felt some interest a legislative choice, or caucus nomi
L inthc;lectioo-of their. Chief MagaTBatranT:withtheserpnpm bar
trite 1 but in consequence of the en- that of being perfectly convenient.
acttnent of the law generally denomi- Repeal, then, the general ticket law,
nated the electoral law of 1811, and
the general ticket law of 1815, they
have in a great measure lost their anxi
ety, and iuterest in the election, which
are necessary to preserve the purity of
ur elective franchise, and an attach
ment to our political institutions. I
do not hesitate to say that the act of
1811 wrested directly from the people
their highest privilege, . and, in my
opinion, was an infraction of the Con
stitution of the United States; and
particular!) the second article of the
aecond section, which says, "Each
State s hull appoint, in such manner as
the Legislature thereof may direct, a
number of electors equal to the whole
number of Senators and Representa
jaiysiUjl'! inc tate may ' entu
tied in the Congress. When the tra
iners of that Constitution used the
words " each state," they had an eye,
-t to-the geographical situation otihe
State, but to the people t consequently
the people composing the State were
to elect the Electors in auch way or
manner as might be prescribed by the
Legislature, For instance, it is the
province of the Legislature tc direct
the time, place and manner of holding
elections for that purpose. But, air,
what effect did the passage of that law
produce upon the public mind? It was
productive of .al most universal di saai
isfaction, as.was abunttanfly ;eidMc.t;
by . the protests of .many of the Grand
Juries of the different counties through
out the State j and not only this, many
of those who voted for its passage, and
were candidates at the succeeding
election, were not re-elected, and some
to my knowledge have never since
been able to obtain a seat on this floor'.
and a necessity for caucussing no long
er exists. I will venture to say, that
there is not a gentleman on this floor,
but who will concede that the principle
for w hich I contend is the most repub
lican, the most correct. Yet they
will oppose it, because, they know that
it is not so convenient to subserve their
views 1 and this is the true reason why
they contend that the policy is not
good. But they say that policy and
expediency require a continuation of
the general ticket law, as a retaliatory
measure on those States which elect ia
the same way. 1 would say to gen
tlemen, if other States see proper to
take from the people their dear bought
liberties, is that any argument why
the State of North-Carolina should
deprive her cititens of their rights i
No, sir, far from it. I am for resto
ring to the people their rights and pri
vilegesaDcLcxcitingJuthcirminds afresh, that interest which they once
took in the election of the President
and Vice-President of the United
Mr. Speaker, were I certain that by
voting against the repeal of the gen
eral ticket law, I ahould secure to my
favorite candidate the fifteen votes of
this State, I would not do it. I have
nothing to fear from the success of ei
ther of the gentleman nomioated, as
faef -ate air high .tmnded, ittfaorablj?
men, anu sucn as our country cteii
aoce of Jurors, lor the transmission Fr,n5e
aod receipt of the records, proceedings fil,a;n
and papers, for docketing and bringing Portugal,
the causes forward for trial, for sum- Netherlands, ch. d'Aflairt,
and mesne process prior to the firsi c:hili,
term of Davidson Superior Court, and Columbia,
oeVrallv for all nthrr nnrnnae. r.la- Mexico, (vacant.)
- ' ' . . 1 I Ctittut (Jrnrrnl tt Bariarf Vir. .
JaTic llro n.
-Chra. Ili.tt. jr.
tar A. Ititd.iry.
Jacob Ilro n Major Ccnrnil.
Kdmund P. Uainea llrijf. ticti. (and SI. C. by
Hinficld Scott 11. C. (and M. G. bv hrrvct.)
i'honiaa M. Jrnup Quartermakter General.
John K. Wool Inspector General.
SKiruiel Archer Inapector (irncral.
SmairFox.Tir. JTK. MItcHcLVof
Philadelphia, one of the Physicians of
the Alms House and Small Pox Hos
pital, has published a statement, foun
ded on his observation and that of Drr
John Bell, which exhibits very strong
ly the value of Vaccination as a pro
tection against the fatal e fleets of this
disease, although it shov s at the same
time, that it does not entirely prevent
the recurrence of the disease. The
statement embraces 148 casea of small
pox, or varioloid,- which have occurred
at Philadelphia. Of these, 48 occur
red in persons who had previously had
the vaccine disease, and no one died.
Eight cases occurred in persons who
had previously had the small pox, and
of this number four died. The other
ninety-live cases occurred in persons
who had previously had neither dis
ease j and of these, 32 died and 41
recovered. Two of the persons who
had thr amall nnt a urmnA ilm tnnlr 1
tv ol btokes. shall be oDeoert and held wo n', oi rort.oiasmw. iimmsions
those who took the disease after the
vaccineltad bcen"Tainatcd recendr.
Some of the mildest cases were in per
son's who were vaccinated more than
to honor i either of them no doubt
wopld do equal justice to ihe United
States. Then repeal this law, and let
the people aay who their choice jst
without a repeal of the law, there will
not be an expression of the sentiments
of a majority of the people.
Eighteen cases of smnll pox have
occurred at Lexington. We have not
learned that any case has appeared
there- in a person who had previously
had the small pox or the kine'pock.
A very singular circumstance re
spectirig a case of divorce, hat recent
ly occurred in the state of Illinois.
The Kaskaskia paper contains at length
and.. Johanna JLC.;VVagemanjcij
mutually pray tag the legrtjature to re
lease them from their vows. The le
gislature in its wisdom granted their
request; and ia three months after
wards, the same parties took each oth
er for better for worse, and were again
united in the holy bands of matrimony .
determination of the business of said
Court, be, and the same are hereb)
extended to the Superior Court ot Da-
vtdson County the neglects :md lai
lures of the several officers of the Su
perior Courts of Rowan, and of the
County Courts of Dav idson, shall be George Gibaon Commiwarv Gen. of Sub
subject to the same penalties and lor- Nathan lowaon Paymaatcr General.
feitures, as are prescribed for similar pI'I'U-s!;
, ' tf.i , , ., Alex. Macomb Col. of t.tg. (and M. G. by bre-
neglects and failures by the said act, vet.)
and the said officers shall be entitled to Simon Hernard Aas?. Engineer, !tn(f. Gen.
the same fees for their services as are eore "on.tori-Coloncl of Ordnance
established by the said act for like ser
Vices. A WOXDEIIFIL SHIP!
And be it further enacted. That the tirnetfaUtkr,daudQiitbec.l)fc., 182.T
Superior Courts of Law and Equity " Do you know I came out to Cann
for the Counties hereafter mentioned, da to take the command, and carry
shall be opened and held in each and home, an extraordiuary ship, ot a new
every year, on the days lollowinc. to- construction, ana immense magnitude:
on the fourth Monday hfter the fourth aa follows:, length- ot keel, 294 (vtt, -----
Monday of March, and on the fourth (with a flit bottom,) breadth of beam, j
Monday after the fourth Monday of 50 feet, depth of hold 32 feet, length of
tClit IIIKCI J tllC vmCI IUI VvWUI L JUI UIC nil. "Jp . 9 Ifct, .uu Hill W
crossing the Atlantic about the latter
in honor of the discoverer of the New
county of Guilford, shall be opened measure 3,C0Q tons, or thereabouts,
aod held on the fifth Monday after the with a fine clear run, fore and aft , and
fourth Monday of March, and on the I have no doubt she will sail well she
fifth Monday after the fourth Monday is to be rigged with four masts and bow.
of September; the Superior Court for sprit, and is expected to be ready for
the county ol Rockingham, ahnll be
opened and held on the nh ritftruU
after the fourth Monday of March,
and on the sixth Monday after the
fourth Monday of September j and for
the county of Caswell, on the seventh
March,and on- th oveotH-Monday
after the' fourth Monday of Septem
ber j and all proceedings and process
ofevery kind pending in, or issued
from ihesaid last mentioned Superior
Courts, shall stand continued -and be
returnable to the days by this act pre
scribed for holdjeg the same respect-
An lrish tfa lyaiirig'mlrchwntralrata5""
pntOJ'JTIiairrttf-iwlsr-:. Six jthiU r
lings, sir In mydear country, my dr
ling, you might buy ihtm for six pence
a pare Why dont you remain in your
own. country then ?' Because we have
no soix-pencm, my jewel, said Pat.
English paper .