North Carolina Newspapers

The rrjiAnder oJmntm" 19 Arvtui
U the Western Carolinian of Feb
3J, 1824, was cotitaintd the reply o
ttrutus to Juniu, on the lubject of th
amer.dcj Constitution, Junius bid
cipresstd general and decided ap
probation of the constitution, but en
tcrtaioed the opinion that, in some res
pects, it might have been better, lie
pointed ''out these particular! i 1st
Identifying the present Supreme Court
1 with ih Constitution, 1 bit be tho't
at least impolitic, when, at that very
juncture of time, a very considerable
dissatisfaction nrcvailcd on the aubiect
of that institution i some,, and proba
My not a few, of it warm frienda had
cbaod their opinion t and instruc
. tions had been given to the members
of) Assembly, from a very retpcctable
department of the atate, to ue their
exertions to have it done away. Th
atricturea f Brutus consist of mrre as-
ertion. What are they I Universal
concession, of all acquainted with ju
risprudence, that tbr Supreme Court it
a moat retpcctable tribunal, Etc. frove
this point, and then, and not till then,
will juniui acknowledge the weight of
2d. Juniui thought it improper that
the cooilitutioo should make Raleigh
forever the permanent teat of govern
roent. He would tuppoie it sufficient
to fax the aeat ol government by law j
eaiily alterable, on every suitable
emergency. I it at all, or generally,
prcccdentcd in the United States to do
otherwise f The warmest friends of
the amended Constitution do sav, and
will say, that this is an objection?! fea
ture. However, had a diversity of
opinion existed between Junius and
Brutus in the two above particulars
only, a reply would not have been
made. Out under the 3d particular
noticed by Junius, against the exclu
sion of Ministers of the (iopel, while
holding their p moral function, from a
seat in the Legislature, Brutus has
made an illiberal attack upon a body of
men, virtuous, learned, and respecta
ble, and ought to be replied to. The
a a
reply is maae, not oy way ol investi
gation of a political question, but in
ucjcncc oi wic injured. vv ncm
Ministers of the Gospel shall be el
' . l :: i w r l . i
gible or not to a seat in the Legisla
ture if North-Carolina, is a matter of
mere theory for were they permitted
I am persuaded that very few of them
Would ever exercise that pmilrgr
This, Junius distinctly stated before
he pleaded th it the Clergy had not for
feited their common privileges of cit
zrnship j and that no man, nor set
men, had a right to take it from them
He conceded that legislation was not
in ordinary cases, their department
and that, if left to themselves, they
would, by their own discipline, rx
dude their members from it. To this
purpose the views and discipline o
certain churc hes, high in respectability
were .tdduced. To the same purpose
our federal legislative department was
- adverted to. r rom that department
-it ----- 1 : : " . . -T--1-I Y
me clerical cn 'racier is noi exueu
The federal constitution has now been
in operation between 30 and 40 years',
and where is the intrusion,, where is
the ambition, where is the pestiferous
influence of the clerical department :
The plea of Brutus, in vindication
of the exclusion now on hand, is one
that cannot be mistaken. It is neces
sityj and necessity, founded On the
badness of the character excluded. H e
eays, "It is a melancholy truth, that
clergymen have in all preceding ages
ot the world, been the most cruel, un
relenting Set of men." Let it be dis
tiactlv noted, that this allegation must
be considered as attaching to the Pro
testant clergy, and to the clergy gener
ally in .our own couotry i otherwise
the argument wotdd he altogether im
pertinent. But Brums is not done.
He add other epithets to complete th
feature- Keveneeful and bloody.
The portraiture, in one view, stands
thus : Most cruel, unrelenting, re
vengeful and bloody. Sir, prove your
premises, and your conclusion must
.follow ; Prove your premesjaitgLiSit.
clerffv. abashed bv their prostration oi
character, will shrink From aTTcTaims
to equal rights and privileges ; and will
account the measure merciful, if they
escape pains and imprisonment Prove
your premises, and the good people of
our country will sustain your attack ;
and will express a lasitrig amen to that
statute that confines their malignant
operation. Support your premises,
and you will emancipate the world from
clerical influence, ar.J Introduce a new
urdcr cf tiling. Man will recognize
wolves in sheep's clothing, d will
dulv realiae, that if they are so cruel
unti unnleuting, so revengeful and
bloody, that they cannot be trusted In
the civil department, oeilhcr can they
in the ecclesiastical. Thus a way will
be paved for a state of things similar
to that of revolutionary France, when
they had changed the Sabbath day,
levclledthcir churches with the ground,
and wrote over their burylng-grounda,
Thle is the place-of eternal sleep.
It has been the case alrw man has been
on the earth, until this day unit the
character of the ministry of the gospel,
and at the same . time you sink every
thing ncrcd. Sir, prove your prcm-j
a ..r. ih immiiaiinn of hrino -
w, ...... .... . ..r-.
slanderer of a body ol men, who, iilercatii oi sunacr a name oiincni iu
point of intelligence, learning, virtue jminoui ind admited, aod will be s
aiTd ability, need fear comparison with
none other whatever.
Juniui will duly respect evidence
fmm any impartial quarter, hut will
demur to the evidence of Gibbon and
Hume, or any such deadly enemies of
Christianity, and every thing of a moral
and religious kind. Such testi.noo)
ould be inadmissible in a court of
justice, and must be demurred to be-
fore the public. After the bLck col
ors in which Brutus hs portrayed the
character of the clergy, without dis
crimination, lit professed respect for
a truly pious clergyman, must be con.
sidered a mere salvo, a tub thrown out
to a what.
Brutus, to support his allegations,
that the clergy are cruel, revengeful
and bloody, summons our attention to
the flames of Geneva. He savs Cal
vin, the great reformer, caused Serve
tus to be burned at the stake, and
Bolsec to be banished. These two
men were profound scholars, and pat
terns of piety at that time t and their
only crime was that of propounding
crtain questions to Calvin, in polrmic
divinity, which he could not answer."
or the sate of brevity, we pass over
the case of Bolsec for the present j it
is the less of the two crimes charged i
and confine ourselves to the allegations
gainst Calvin, in the case of Scrvetus.
The charge is, th it Calvin had Serve-1
tus burnt at the stake, and for m rea
son more plausible a private
pique, viz : brcauc Servctus proposed
certain questions in polemic divtm v
that Calvin could r-ot answer, and that
Servetus waa a man of eminent pieiv.
Sir, prove all this by unexceptionable
testimony, and we will concede the
point, th at Calvin was as bad a man as
you wish to represent him. Prove all
this, r lie under the charge of being
n invader of the rep- se of the tomb,
a plunderer of the illustrious dead.
Cotcmporary writers that were un
friendly to Calvin, have not dared to
assail his character with the viiulence
of B rot us. If the above allegations had
been literally true, Calvin must have
sunk : but instead of that, he continued
to hold a pre-eminent weight of cha
racter, down to his dying day, not only
at Geneva, but, to a large extent,
throughout the protestant world. Ac
cording to historical account, deemed
vetus suffered, were, 1st. Saying in a
book published, that the Bible vain.
gloriously extolled the fertility of Ca
naan, though indeed an uncultivated
and barren country. 2d. His calling
our God in three persons, a three-
headed Cerberus. 3d. His asserting,
that God was every thing, and every
thing was God. According to impar
tial history, these were the charges ex
hibited, and these charges Servetus
did not deny, but pleaded the right of
toleration. This puts a new face on
the matter. Sir, where is your evi
dence that Servetus was a pious man.
I heresy is evidence of piety, he has
t. It blasphemy, viz : comparing the
sacreddoctrine of the Trinity, to the
dog of Hell, is evidence of piety, then
was Servetus a pious man, etc.
But whatever may have been the
heresy of the unhappv man, we do not
pprove of his suffering capital punish
ment. Ihe laws on that subject, we
brlif-ve wire unreasonably imvere. Rut
uch laws were not peculiar to Gene
va i but were, at that pcjiodvfeptixirnpn
tothat "TOdyery
Europe.. ccordiaK.towstoricaLJUCs.
countj'so far was Calvin from wishing
to find an occasion against Servetus,
that he wrote to him, and warned him
not to come to QeileiTa, for if he did,'irjn
IIIC ( IIIUSl UC pciliuug.
Calvin wished him to , recant; attd
when this could not, be done, deplored
is fate'. Before the unhappy man aul-
In heathen mythology, the dog of IIciL
fcrrd, tSe Swim Cantons were consul
ted on the subject, and gave their opio
in agmst him. Calvin's situation
was delicate t Scrvctushad been under
process for heresy id France j had es.
raped from prison, and fled to Geneva.
The Cnholica charged Calvin with
holding dangtfous doctrines i had he
been tunive in the case of Servctus,
tney tooid have construed Into ao
tl ' 1 4 . a .
auiana wuh him in sentiment. Upon
m wjiv,' u was not peculiarly the
fault Calvin thai Servctus irrT4,
it waa km fault f m times t and had
Druu Jivtd at (bat day, be do doubU
wools' nave been involved in the com
mosicrrvr. '
The puilic will pardon the length of
this paragraph. The. objret ii impr.
! tact t it is to trest away from the
, .
while truth is venerated oo earth.
The writer begs leave b repeat, and
wihca it distinctly noted, diat it is not
fir the ki of obtiioing toy legisla
live privilege for the tlergi, in com
m m ith all other men, that has in
duced this reply. It is to repel a
charge unexpected and unfounded,
viz : that peculiar drpravity, and de-
pnvityi dai gerous (o the interest of
t'Cie ty.'.attachrs to that body ol men.
Djes Brutus lerioislv believe, accor.
ding to his own trato of "argumentation,
that the clergy , in moral point of light,
when cbmpaed with the medical and
lw departments, stand so far on the
bark groves'.' If he does, can he in-
duce thimb(ic to believe with him
Probab! since the diye of Thomas
Paine, tltil Brutus made his sally from
the pres the public has not witntssrd
such an tjgrrssion on the clergy. Cer.
. .i t
tairtiv, iqmuM nave oern, ipnnan gra
tia, that lit obtained admission before
tne pubic. How very different the
views that lrutus would impress upon
the publlr, from that of the apostle
Paul: '! eseech vou, brethren, to
know thernwhich labored among )ou,
and are ovr you in the Lord, and ad
monish you and to esteem them very
highly in, lore for their work a aakr.
How very iiscordant his views from
the spirit of .he times i when kings are
becoming tfe nursing-fathers of the
church, anc queens her nursing-mo
thers : whet the christian world, al
most with one consent, are sitting in
deep consultation, to send the Bible,
and its institutions, to the ends of the
earth. Thirty years ao, during the
volcanic explosions of France, when
they violated every moral tie, such ef
fusions would not have surprized
us : we were then accustomed to the
ebullitions of infidelity j but now, it is
solitary and anomitous. But Brutus,
not contented with aggression on the
clerical department, turns his hand
aginst the female character. He
quotes, with approbation, a philoso
pher, who lays, Thepaisiorj of re
venge reigns most with priests and
t a
we nave no cioiiot, wm uuiy appreci
ate this wanton aggression.
- -"jtmiui. "'
Febrvary 21, 1824.
Virgima. The following summary of the pro
ceeding of a meeting of the member of the
Virginia Legislature, i taken from the Peters,
burg Republican, and was communicated to the
Editor by his correspondent at Richmond :
" There was last night a meeting at the
capitol, of the it embers of both branches of
the legislature, for the purpose of agreeing I
on the nomination of an Electoral ticket, j
There were present of both houses, 1 60. i
It was proposed and agreed to, that the
names of the members should be called,
and that each one should name the man of
his choice, when called. The calling of
the rll produced the following result:
For Wm. II Crawford, 132 as President ;
Adams 7, Jjckson 6, Macon 6, Clay 5 :
For-A Gatlatirr as Vice PresidentH20rLn
Cheves 30, Macon 10.
1 he meeting adjourned about 10 o'clock,
till Wednesday evening, having made rfo
nomination of electors"
The great pugilistic contest between
Sfiri-S " tbe .cb.myUi mt England,"
and the celebrated Langan, the trim pre
tender, as ke was called, which created
world, and on which immense sums were
women. Here they are marked, as , i nis sunjeci nas a very inieremng con
about equal with the clergy, under the sideration, bul the reaull is nol ss yet
domination of a foul and malignant known Intelligence from the same place,
passion. The females of our country, 1 fnd thr0UJ?h lh' ame channf ' fivcrda
u i . l . .... .... , later, states, that the treasurer of the
contest which lasted two hour ana a haij,
iir which tie astonishing number of 72
rounds were1 fought, resulted in favor of
i ..... . i : .
Om t of Mr. ' Cravfotd't Mloncet.-Mr:
John Ridge, a Cherokee Indian, has inter
married wuh Miss Sally B. Northrop, a
maiden of Cornwall, in Connecticut.
ijit&xt rMuM r.UMore.
tVit pxri to tli 1 life vtiutofj Lut
Mcci4 at Nc-Vork, by a U amuJ twm
ltra. Tie MWinf eitracta ttn uie fma
Kaf'York papers, smmJ trvm tin Patriot, (A
t 31st tU ' .
Tb Couriar of the 7th states that a ma
sentsr from Francs U4 landed at Dover
from an OD" bet. If is said lohsvebeen
tha bearer of despatches, which were Im--Maieiy
seal cffio London. The crew,
ttT "Thl MfEZSWtfntMeSi
known whether they sllueUd to tha fleet
Intended against South America.
The news from Madrid is to tha 3 1st of
December. Tke long expected decree of
amnesty wsi laid to be in the press. It
la alsofeid that the four following eicep
lions will be stipulated i I. 1 be officers
of the Isle ol Leon of tha rank of Captain
and above. 3. The persons who signed
the deposition of the Kin at Seville. 3.
All the Municipalities who prociatmea
the Constitution be fere they were author
ised so lo do by the King. 4 1 he mem
bers of the minority of the Certes, whe at
Cadis, voted against the liberty of hit
The latest article from Madrid, is1 of
Dec 31st, which says, treat changes hae
been made in all the embassies j none of
the ambassadors at their pon have chan
ged, but the others have received new
destinations. A paragraph of the prece
ding day, give indications that the minis
try were already rapidly approaching
their downfall.
Ii is truly ludicrous to observe the pets
into which some ef the French Editors
re oecsslonrlly hetrsyed by their dislike
of the independent tone of our Chief
Mugistrste. 1 hey do no confine their
anger to Mr. Monroe, however, out ran
amons; other things at the liberty of the
A met lean Press.
I he Etoile denounce the United Slates
for having 500 public journals. It is
matter of comprint,' says that paper,' (hot
they are loo numertut in Europe.' How
then are those in the new world to be tol-
rsted I It is best then 10 signify imme
diately that they must be reduced to ihe
number which shall be fixed for them by
the Fauxhourg St. Germain, or else de
clare waf against 'he faction Americans-
Spain is in a condition bordering on
anarchy. The dubnded soldiery hive
movtly taken refuge in ,the mountains,
and seize all opportunities to rob individ
uals snd molest the government officer.
Spain will never be tranquil till her imbe
cile ruler has shared the fate of many a
belter roan.
The Greeks, by all accounts go on well,
and we think there i no question of their
ultimate independence provided they are
allowed to fight their own battles, unaided
by the 14 Holy" Lords of Russia or France.
The AuRsburjth Gazette, under date
of Constantinople, Nov 30, say, alt the
news from the MorelT agrees in stating
that the Greek have had the entire ad
vantage in the last campaign; inconse
quence of which, 'the Divan is seriously
engaged in discussing this very important
question ;u Shall we hazard a new cam
paign, or shall we treat with the Greeks
a 1 . . '
porte has declared to the Divan that, in
the sctuaj situation of its financestit.will
be impossible shortly to levy a single pi
astre. ,
Letters received at Venice from Creece,
state that a Greek naval squadron took
and destroyed several Turkish vessels be
fore Missolunghi ; and having raited the
blockade, began to transport troops to that
fortress from Patras, where 6000 men
were collected.
Baltimore, Feb. 31.
The ship of war John Adams, captain
Dallas, with commodore Porter on board,
and the steam galliot Sea Gull, Lieuten
ant Voorhees, went to sea from Norfolk
on Wednesday last, bound on a cruize, and
for the West India station. - 1 be court
martial on lieut. Kennon, at Norfolk, has
closed its proceedings, and the accused
was to make his defence on Thursday
last. Patriot.
The Legislature of Kentucky termina
ted its annual session on the 8th ult.
after having passed two hundred laws and
agreed to twenty, resolutions. Nearly all
the laws except ubout twenty are of a local
and personal character: . Several resolu
iionsxnr-'eoly,r,l,alhy lor the strug
gles making by the Greeks for the right of
self govermcnt, were passed by the same
fc.iiaSV'ajiA';.'' --f.fS.rn m
J Justice of the Peace in Pennsylvania,
recently declared the militia law of that
state unconntitutionaly and has given judg
ment against a collector of militia fines
accordingly. The laws of Pennsylvania
must be in a sorry condition indeed if they
are subject to nullity from the construc
tion every Justice of the Peace in that
state may put upon the constitution.
Bait. Pat.
We art olH4 tM week to cmtit a dctiiM
journal of the proccedinp of Cofiptt a tut.
anary notice f the bark proceeding elaQl
iMrrted Uouriwtt The House of IWprrM.
Utive Ue beao pretty touch eccu.!,
about three Weeks peat, wkh the diacuaMu of
the Tarr)iR jet they have M fcttaronuj to
dUctiie its main principle, bufha We a tn.
appear be Various oputkne. sa to the nrviM.
biliij ot tile hill's ultimately pMif. It
not peas, we predict, unices greatly aOModad
its features.
Til gentleman having bean pot fwrU) it tl
ndieal cmcus at w'aaliinfton, tut the tUti.
fTiUJied olTice of Vice PrtsiJci4 of the t'fiiuj
atate, liia pretension, Lis chancter, snoral ui
political, have conefuently becueie Lugme
fur public scrutiny. Yrvm our youth' npwtrd
we have al ay been tauht to respect the aaita
of Albert UtIUiin. XKluMgh be wa bum ia a
foreign land, we could always dire ourclr(,
of thote native Aanerkan prejudices Ltcb tr
btttcriud from our Kcvolutioiiar nrt)jtiiiioa,i
fo all reasonable le lift In in respcctiiif hi. imt
ami htaioring liU tak at j but u he Im no
lent liU name lo, and identifird bit politic! Ui.
tunes with, a party ctanpuaed in a food drpte
of meritleM Mpirantaand beartK'Mdcmajrnpiie
it i due to the freemen of this Itrpubtir, ilut
the whole charsfter of the 1uiuU be dt
vc loped. With view, we alull, fmxu
to time, five pubHcHy to aucb rtitlei a may
tend to eibibtt, in it true clnn, t!ie p jliiicj
conduct of Utie aptrii fureigm r, bo covet,
the aecond office ui the (rift uf Ute .lavnVu
people. Btkiw ia a khort article, which mty
acrve to elicit inquiry on t be autjeet.
vaea re wtMiieTee reaiicaa.
A the u National Intelligencer of this
morning hat kindly furnished a brief out
line of Mr. Gallatin's political career,
and as there appears a few prominent cir
cumstance omitted, 1 should like the
friends of that gentleman to finish the col
ouring of the picture, lest it might be spoil
ed by ome political daubcrt It this the
same Albert Gallatin that acted Secretary
to a meetingor disailected distillers in ( on
nelUville, Fayette county, Pa. in the fall of
1793 and penned certain inflammatory
resolutions denouncing the administration
of Washington? and who wis afterward.
furnished with a military escort by the I j
ther of our Liberties, to bring said Albert
to Head Quarters at Carlule t Should ibis
be the unit Albert Gallatin, it will enable
those to appreciate his merits, that had a
hand in the
wiitiik liikuaatCTioK.
February 17th.
Col. Chas. . .Mercer, a member of Congrc
from Virginia, Laving been ci.tnittcd, by a rvU
tive of Central H utfuntrtin, with the duty tt
presenting to lien. Jirauia the fxitaf which
the former tore, during the IUvolutotary r,
the Colonel availed himself uf the annivcrwuy
of the victory of Ni -Orleans to y thi lii-t
compliment to the diitiiiguwhcd hero of tlut
victory. It mutt be a grateful to the ft cling
of Gen. Jackton, to be presented with relic w
sacred as the fire-arm which the immortal father
of hii county 's liberty wore, throughout long
etmggle for the achievement of that liberty, u
It n nonomble to thoac alio so justly appreciate
the eminent ten ice of him ho ha bravely
fowglit to rfcm,what our beloved WaaniaaToa
devoted Lit life and spilt hie blood to achieve, fur
't he correspondence that took place on the
presentation of the piHtlt, will be found on the
first page of this day's paper.
roa thi wiitsbb caBOLiausr.
Mr. White: on looking oyer the col
umns of your paper ol the 17th instant, I
discovered that "a voter" of Davidson
county has attempted by a misrepresenta
tion of faCts. to make impressions, on the
minds of the public," unfavorable to'our
repreaentative, M iv Longer It iailJulf
we owe to ourselves and the community,
to watch strictly over the conduct of our
public servants, and see that they do not
iranscendohose. po werau eUiaieJnjestctL
them with, or come short of those duties
which we expected them to perform ; but
it undoubtedly is an evidence of a, malig
nant disposition lo give a false coloring to
an innocent transaction, with on intentiun
noj only to injure the individual at whom
of the common mass of our citizens ; and
induce them to believe their rights are
fJPjinCrjngjedqnpn, when tJpUibg
f 4ht description is- intendcd j -.'
TJhKDaid!.on vutee'aaysr I.&ee'illalt5 1
our representative, Mr. Lung, has intro, I
duced to Congress a measure to prevent
.Masters liom separating man and wlte
among our slaves;" and '.further states,
that this proposition shews that Mr.
Long has more humanirv than knowledge
of the laws end constitution of the coun
try.' The true facts of the case are, that
the society of Quakers, at their yearly nice-.
tini ueiu iist summcrm Guiiford coun-

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