North Carolina Newspapers

    COMMt'MCVliONH.
(Ort fir prrunU of lb ewaeiuiucalMin brio,
Wl itwugSt f eotpnMf U aita a fw rt
awk, by ay fcf dnt fr" the r!
commended lo be tairti by U.e friends of Mr.
AJjoU. Ur.ev.nf Us author to be what he P""
tVa. a true friend 10 that candidate's election I
but the vmn we reflect m It, the stronger la
f .1. -a t. a lilfiil vtrtl
WIT luijimun umt n - " m
lUt rank Caucus principle sre bldJn bet kill
ell lu eanctiavinlooi prvfftfm of Mrntu and
lmrrtlal.ty. We therefore gift I, aa we ft.
Itlrid it r and Hop, , n wpraaaatatfva la
fTc.a noteple charge as with Utng
t-m-tiJiJ.)
... f IUI4I.
Jlr, Printer l As the time drsws ief
When we are to Choose I Dose persons wno
are to vote for President end Vic Presi
dent, lbs subject becomes more inters st
ir... mnA imnnr tha Burner out produc
tions to which the sntlclpatlon of that
event bia given birth, almost every in?
n which tho pretention of the several
candidates csn be placed, has been
hibited by some one of other of their
friends, of of their fori. One would
think Ihtt tho propriety or lmpropritr
f supporting the nuetu ticket, sbout
which tbe greatest scu.Ua hit been nude,
it by this lime tuftkierylr eifted. 1'
tee mi to me, however, thai there U in
observation or two on thia subject, and
fled to more weight and prominence than
they have hitherto occupied.
It certainly if very strong objection
to tbe nomination of Preildent by tbe
invlra of Con pre it. that the Constitu
tion nuke the House of Representatives
m f.tt.1 PUt-tni-a of tbat officer. It is
t.lV Mll-I -- - "
ntnuKivdl a tunnosable case, and the
members of the caucus themselves have
rfitnn the aunnoaition.thst their recont-
loendation would hive ioBuence enough,
at least, to bring the csndidatc rerom
tnendetl by them within the number pre-
. . . r i
scribed by the constitution, out oi intra
they miy be called upon ultimately te
choose tbe President : and if they should
succeed is fir as to bring their candidate
before the bouse of rapresenta'ives. and
... a M .
ahould there have weight, ii.uuence or
jiumbera enough on their side, te plsce
him in the presidential chair, wouifl it net
be evident that Congress made the Pres
kkntf Let the friends of the caucus take their
choice of sides, In this dilemma: It can
Hot,, by any possibility, happen but that
such nomination will be improper. If
the ticket recommended by it succeeds,
it does so at the expense of tbe constitu
tion ; if it fails, it then proves itself to be
Useless, and makes its authors ridiculous
before the nstion and before tbe world.
... a ,f ihtt. mthnd nf irrur-
inic the election of one amongst a nutn
UC wi i -- i
for d.ngeroua corruption and bribery. Jl
would be Impertinent to insist on this
point at this time, as Iris to be hoped that
all those who are now candidates for the
presidrncy, are men of too much purity
to bJ'trr for it. But as it is our cotuman
ded duty to pray that e may not he led
into temptation, I think it would be pru
dent in us to oppose the establishment of
prindple that is ch.rge.ble with open
jnj an eitensive door for corruption, andj
"of throwing- in the way of future appli
cants a strong temptation, by sinister
means to mount the chair of slate. It i
really hih time that we should set our
faces resolutely against a piactice fraught
with so much mischief, before it claims
to be a precedent, and to rank with those
aacient usages that, under the application
of common la," defy the future as
taults of time.
But although for these, and other rea
sons that might be assigned, I am oppo
sed to the caucus ticket, 1 am not much
better pleased with what is termed the
people's ticket. Thjs is an absurd at
tempt to amalgamate very discordant ma
terials i it calculates so to swell and distort
our apprehensions of the caucut, and our
fears of the success of the candidate re
commended bv it, as to make us entirely
forget the vast disparity there is between
the remaining candidates. The friends
f t riav. nf Mr. Jackson, and of Mr.
mmM- - m w v J - '
Adams, sre required to make a common
cause against the adherents of .Mr.. Craw
ford. This course, independent of the
spice of persecution visible on its fore
head, is,' in my opinion, luble to strong
objections For my ownparT7oemg"Tom
scientiously of opinion that Mr. Crawford
is greyly preferable to Mr. Jackson, I
Should be glad to know by what method
of reasoning it is, that I im expected ,to
reconcile it to myself to vott for a ticket,
every man of which, for aught I know,
will vote for Jackson, ana yet violate no
pledge that they have given to the public ?
JJv this means, it might, and probably
would, happen that I should give my sup
port to the man who-is, in my opini, of
all that are in nomination, least qualified
fnr tht imnnrtant trust.
-;j"Iti vnnecessary ibjkV-IfthldinMsl
on the danger there is, that an electoral
college thus composed, would destroy the
only argument in favor of the general
ticket law, by scattering their votes among
the candidates which are allowed them to
select from, becaUse I think there is still
greater danger of their uniting in the sup
norV of u man nit intended by the aujor-
iif of the people"i to bo promoted- -
if i ai.nul.I ka itJ what remeJy I
projser I would reply, "IHi all due res
pect for tbe opinions oi ww.r,,,
r . . t't .i. - ....1t.r.t male
litendsoi escn oi mo
out irparste ticnet v.-m,,
l the friendiof Mr. Adams loss no lime
in dolni so. I shall, no flouw, oe 1010
that ths effect of lucb conduct lll be,
ilr ket will succeed, so ur
UB 1" ' , , .
at leist ss to give tbs tots of this state to
Craoford, snd that It is oi pir
cy for sli those that sre opposed to Ms
.(...U. nnlla III order tO defeat thf
rns-getic efforts that sre making to !
.... .w. n..1irl randtnalfl. uuuaiuiuuii"
in .
f .lnral !nrwcate SUCB S result,
tt, si U would bt perfectly fair end pro,
ptr thai be should luvs tot vote
stste, if tho number of thoso who prefer
km mn numerous than sre the
friends of ony one of the others, ! csnnot
v...rnM. Ktliithat It Is necessary tnai
the friends of Mr. Adams, In particular,
should be thrown Into s kina i nooge
mAm iiK iK aunnorters of Gen. Jack
vvui rr
son snd Mr. Clay, thereby giving the vote
Y tka ai.ia in loait one of them, who
weuld, if he had been voted for slnglv.
have been beaten by the tresiury canoi-
Although ! em sincerely desirous thst
km. AJmmi ahould be elevated to the
presidency, from sn honest belief tht his
til.nti and acauirements sre necessarily
' . 7 . r .lLJ
required by the circumstances oi mei
times, sad the lorelgn reunonsoi ine
ITniift Kiatat at thia neriod, vet I have no
desire that any man should be tricked into
bis support, who believes, the while, tht
ha k aunnortina- Gen. Jackson, or Mr.
CUf . I shall be more readily believed.
hra I assart, that I am rqdallv unll
ling that the votes intended for him should,
In effect, ro to support either ol the
nihara.
It has been ssked, if the electors are to
have no discretion ? I answer, none ! A
cats has been upposed, that electors,
chosen with a view of supporting some
one of the candidates, might, when as
sembled, find that the man they had cho
sen was dead, or had declined. But ex
treme cases prove nothing. Doubtless,
in such a case, the electors would have a
discretion, and must select from the re
maining candidates, such man as they ap
proved, or ss they supposed would best
suit . their -constituents -not excepting
Mr. Crawford. For if the electors are to
have any diacretion of choice, I see no
reason wht. after awallowine two sbiurdi
ties.thev should be prohibited from taking
in the only one that remains.
After thus viewing every side of thi.
important subject, allow me to repeat my
earnest hope, that the friends of Mr. Ad
ama, in every part of the state, will set
about immediately to ascertain whether
the person designated in their immediate
neighborhood aa one of the people's elec
tors, will support Mr. Adams, if elected
and if so, Ut the fact be announced in the
oublie orintai and where itlurns oUrotb
wise, let them immediately announce th
name of some person in their electoral
district who will pledge himself to sup
port him. a rasma.
ros Taa waariaa eouti.
Mr.'WhitV: In "your piper of the 4h
inst. there is a call from the proper offi
rer, upon the Board of Trustees of the
Western College, to meet at Lincolnton
on the 1st Wednesday of June ; which
call, it is hoped, will be duly regarded
because,
1st. There is good ground to believe
that the meeting will not be an abortive
n
one, but will be respectable in point of
numbers.
Sd. lecause measures of sn important
kind are contemplated st the ensuing
meeting.
3d. IWame ths measure of founding
a College is important to our section of
country, and identified with tne oesi inter
est of both civil and religious society-
So (unanimouslv) said our great meeting
at Lincolnten, August, 1821 : which con
vention . was composed of the greatest
weight of talent, of influence and charac
ter, that was ever convened in the wes
tern part of North-Carolina.
4th. Because the measure is one of
practicable kind,' So (unanimously) said
the same luminous convention.
Sth-Because-our-pledge ia-bsfore the
public, that every due exertion shall be
made to prosecute and complete this great
object. -
Resolutions embracing these three last
particulars, viz : the necessity, the prac
ticability, and that we would daily prose-,
cute the measure, in order to its accom
plishment, being duly considered by said
convention, were unanimously adopted.
A veteran, wearing the scars of honor, in
ss4staiit)indpAde
try, tnade' the motion that the record be
nade, unanimously adopted"-' -which
Lni1oe, i.C.Eordingljri.
.Was the measure, necessary tnen r . is
It not ss necessary now I . Have.-we alrea
dy a public seat of learning in our state I
Had we hot the same hen I Is there any
state in the Union 'possessing the popula
tion of North Carolina, that has not more
than one public seat of learning ? Look at
old Enghiid, with her population of ten
millions of inhabitants, snd her two uni
versities, isnprMng uesr forty collcfe-?
ok st Scotlnd with Mr one miuwn nui
half of Inhabitants, end her fmir unit er
sltieisndtoirgts,ftc,kc. Thus wehnd
that our jUer mte, end the l'.urepesn
cobnttlcs th.t have sriscn high in point of
learning, anl science, snd religion, ere
our put ems In lbs object that ws sre now
pursuing Was ths measure practicable
then f fid Is it not practicable yet ? Tbi
writer gfcnti that mat let I sre not ss gooo
raw as hen. hut nevertheless bt il fully
of tbe telnbo thst tho measure Is slto-
' . . mm a . .a ...a
gelharprscticsWs- runonoint smoum
of ens Mndred thouund dollars would be
..,r.rti.i, - A fyHHilatioa of sbout two
hund'ed thousand ought to be considered
as litereitea in me intuiuiwu
above lumt would be but fifty cents s
. 0 . .a a .s it... B . . W a
hesd.Uul aamiltnas me snixe-ivuriu.
of th people would do nothlnk. Then
said Am would be but two dollars bead.
We aiy fail for want or will, but not lor
win or ebility. .
Vhl shall we say of our solemn pledge
Lai it be deserted by that auguit conven
tion end '.particularly by the Board or
Tsstees, without Involving consequences
ofs serious kind f Csn the object evepo-
rt Into smoke, snd the spirit ol sn anx
ina and renerous oublie, not be broken
davn bv disappointment, snd evaporate
wth it f Can the ohject Tall to the grouno
ad our honor net fall with it ? Shall it be
kid that a pueiile spirit msrks the West ?
4t we meet in deliberation, that we pro
pose lofty things, that we promise and
pedgs, but alt evaporate into smoke f
1 ht Hter hopes that the cnouing mee
ting ollbe Board of I rustees will be duly
attendH and that measures of an effi
cient kiitl will be adopted
A TRUSTEE.
.May iy8:4.
The aoonal Gaactte has given some
interesiirjf information concerning lbs
conditionani character of ths Cherokess
in 1823, fan the official report to tbe
Department of War ; from which we ex
tract the Ipllowingi
The lanjs vhich remain to the Chero
keas in tha State of Georgia, amount to
6,156,800 acres, generally of good soil,
and in a 'fire healthy climate. Their
number wys upwards of 11,000. They
posssed 5 cr 600 negro slaves, snd pro
pert! in hones, cattle, sheep, ploughs,
milli tec. climated at about 2600,000.
In mr,Q. hn a census was taken of
theim they lad 65 villages and towns.
A nart of them, sbout 3000, migrated in
1818 to the Arkansas territory. They
had been nnceded by others, and alto
g-ther the lumber in that territory in
1819. was connuted at 6000. The char
acterof the Cherokces, says Dr. Morse,
for courage, fidelity, hospitality, snd
desnliness, stsnds high. They are gen
rallr of a verr rood aPDoarance, and
v f - - mm
civil in their whole demeanour. The
lanmiaee of the United States Commis
s'toners thenuiD833,jriPe?ple
mo have never seen you, know but Ilt-
i.V of vour nmeress in the arts of civilized
life, and of the regular and becoming
manner in which your anirs are conduct
ed. Your improvements reflect the
greatest credit upon yourselves. Your
conduct as a nation has been peaceable
and harmless."
T he Cherokecs possess well cultivated
farms, substantial houses and good roads.
In the middle and lower part of the na
tion, there is scarcely a family that does
not understand the use of the card and
the spinning wheel. Weaving and knit
ting are common among the females
Most families cultivate from 10, SO, 30
to 40 acres, without tbe assistance of ne
groes. Seme manufacture clothing from
the cotton nised in their own fields. It
is said that one half of them are mixed
blood, from alliances or intercourse with
the Georgians as well as others. Several
of their chiefs, and those particularly,
whose names are subscribed to ths cor
respondence with the commissioners of
the United States, sre men of strong and
acute understandings, quite competent to
argue their own case as it has been argu
ed. In the. report to the Secretary of
War ( 1 822,) of Dr. Morse, he says of the
Cherokees that they are in circumstances
favourable to be educated where they are ;
t be raised to the rank and privileges of
cu'sens, snd merged in the mass of the
natbn. In the beginning , of August,
1821, the number of pupils belonging to
the Cherokee school otTIrainerdrwis
104 ; &t boys and 42 girls'; who, besides
heinir iriktriirttrf tn varinut branches nf a
1 w, , .
common English education, were taught'
a a a . a
generally thu rural and domestic arts.
The establishment of Brainerd was be
gun in 1 8IT. In 1822, 29,boys and 18
girls, Christians, who could read and
write, and accustomed to useful labours,
had been sent borne from the school.
The nation is governedby a Grind Coun
cil, dutritolted into .comrgtttwhat-as
semble to legislate once . a year. There
are District and Circuit Juderes appointed
for the- purpose of settling- all coutrover-K
sies. The Urambtmon oi the legislative,
judicial and executive powers of govern
ment, is made with skill and judgment.
It is such a body oi fellow creatures
that the government of Georgia threatens
with extinction, unless they consent, to
abandon, their ancient patrimony, to" set-
UC DCyonu UIO wuausipyij m iub ucigu-
WhooJ fcf trl'xiof !: Jl0,n
they must be soon engsgea in t lienor
nating wars, snd wkare sucb of
ire not sdvanced In clvllitation, will U
sure lo relapse Into urunsro io
corns werely buntars end warriors, ,
Mr. D.niTT, or N. H i rf"C
Ttrlff debate, moved lb Impose duty oo
stills, ir bis object ws to "'
nue, bli preposed Wsys snd Mesns were
very Injudicious for bo ought to know
w.t atfr brethren would raise
soother rebellion If ! 9
an Whiskey. A Ut of that son ougm
never to be imposed, unless sdequatt pro
.i.u. Ka mad In the hill, that H thall
k- ,n.ri lihout rebellion of tsr snd
festheri i for it costs sn enormous sum of
money to mtrch n srmy into met coon,
try lo quell rsvolt. It cost President
Wsmi-OToe lifiOOfiOO to put dow6
CALLAI IN'S rebellion. Whenever we
want s snug little waf sn within our
nothlnr to do but to Ul
Whisker for that will raise s rebellion
.a nnlrk aa eantharldes Will rslS t blister.
A hlskey tax raises tbe people but it
will never rslse money-Mmi uiwn
CONVENTION.
Aa tha time la approaching, whe the free
mca of Nortb-CaroBna wiB be eaued upon to
vote on the propriety of eaUing s ww"-, to
amend our elate convolution, we sUH hence
forward devote a portion of our columns to the
ducii-ion of that subject We thii week give
place to a letter from the venerable Tkmai
Jtfrrtn, which " to pointedly oa the mer-
it of the oueation, tliat we Uke a pwamre in
recommending il to the attentive perusal of our
readers. " ...
We are favored with the following letter ad
AmMA tn rrntLrmin of Uiia Citv. The im
portance of tba mbirct, and tbe eharaeirr of
. I til . ! .1 L. m.tAl timfiMllut
IU BUlnOT, win mnw w m mw
a I U nUun . Lnquirrr.
uiTiciua. arais 19, is.'.
Dear Sir ; I received in due lime your
favor of tha 12th. reQuestine my opinion
a -
on the proposition to call a convention for
amending the constitution oi me sine.
That this ahould not be perlect csnnw
he a aubiectof wonder, when it is consid
rrH that ours wis not onlv the first of the
American atatesbut the first nation in the
world, at least within the records of histo
ry, which peaceably, by its wise men
formed, cm free deliberstions, s constitu
tion of government for itself, snd deposit
ed it in writinr smong their arcnives,
"O -, .".
readr and ooen to the aDDeal of every cit
ixen. The other states, who successively
formed constitutions for themselves also,
had the benefit of ou.' outline, and have
made on it doubtless successive improve
ments. One, in the very outset, and
which has been sdopted in every subse
fluent constitution, wss to lsy its founds
tion in the authority of the nation. -To
our convention no special authority has
been delegated by the people to form s
!xrmanent constitution, over which their
successors TiTIegistarion-rtcmrd have-no
Dower of alteration. 1 hey had been
elected for the ordinary purposes of leeis
lation only, and at a time when the estab
lishment of a new government had not
been proposed or contemplated. . Al
though, therefore, they gave to this act
the title of a constitution, yet it could not
hi mora than an act of the leirislation. sub
ject, "it i their other ictr were, lo altera
tion br their successors. It has been said
indeed that the acquiescence of the peo
a t
pie has supplied the want el original pow
er. But it is a dangerous lesson to say
to them, whenever your functionaries
exercise unlawful authority over you, if
you do not go into actual resistance, it
will be deemed acquiescence, and confir
mation.' Besides, no authority has deci
ded whether the resistance must be in
stantaneous? When the richt to resist
tJ
ceases ? or whether it has yet ceased r
Of the twenty lour states now organised,
twenty three have disapproved our doc
trine and example, and have deemed the
formal authority of their people a neces
sary foundation for a constitution.
Another defect which has been correct
ed by most of the other states is, that the
basis of our constitution is in opposition
tp the principle of equal political rights,
refusing to all but freeholders any parti
cipation in the natural right ef self gov
ernment. It believed, tor example,
that a very great majority of the militia
on whom the burthen of military duty
was imposca 111 MIC laic war, ntic men
unrepresented in the legislature which
im nosed this burthen UDon them. How
ever nature may, by mental or physical
...M a '(. 1
disqualincations, nave mat sen imams ana
the weaker sex for the protection, rather
than the direction of government, yet
among the men who either pay, or fight
Tor their country, no line of right can be
drawn. The exclusion of a majority of
our freemen is merely arbitrary, and an
wnrpjtiun-'vjf-the -irrinority over themtr
jority. For U is believed that the non
freeholders compose the majority of our
irecf auU maleiU2eft$
And even among- our citizens who par-
ticipate in the representative; privilege,
the equality of political rights is entirely
prostrated by our constitution. Upon
what nrincinle of risrht or reason can anv
one justify the giving to every, citizen of
Warwick as much weight in, the govern
ment as to 22 equal citizens in Loudon I
Anl slmitir Inequities stnssg Uis e!jif f
counties! If ibee fundamental principle!
are ef no Importance In sctual govcra.
menu, then no principles sre Important,
snd It IS ss wen i "j"y ma oitpojj,
tion, good or ill, of en administration, M
on the provision! of constitution.
I shall not enter into details of im.!!,
defects i although others there doubtless
sre the reformation oi some oi which
might greatly lessen the expenses of
government, Improve Its organisation,
and sdd lo the wisdom of its sdrelnlnrs-
lion in sll Ita parts. But thess things J
lesvs to others, not permitting myself 9
. . . t t- .l . . i:.t., . . I . t ..
tsts siues in me puuiiiai juikjihoi ma
Amw,t vlliinrlf scouUsce in the iauL
lutioni of my country, perfect or Itiptr.
leet, and ytins ii a uui y io icara iutir nw
dificstions to those who sre to live tinder
ibern. and art to participate of tbe rood
a a S . - M . . . . 1 ad
or evil tbey may. produce. The present
generation nave the ssme ngnt to sell
rmirntncnt which the psst one has exer
cised for itielf i snd, in the full vigor of
body and mind, are more able to judge
for themselves tbsn those who sre sink-
in it unuer ina wane oi ooia. ii m acnu
ef our citixens on the question of s con
vention csn be fairly snd luiiy taken, its
result will, I am sure, bo wis snd salu
tary i snd far from srrogstiog the oRics
of advice, no one will more passively ac
quiesce in it than myself. Retiring,
therefore, to the tranquility called for by
Increasing years snd debility, 1 wish not
to intermeddle In this question; snd te
my prayers for the general good, I hats
only to sdd sssursnce to yourself of mj
great esteem and respect.
1111 jctrr.Hau.-v.
Extract of a letter, from a gentleman ialUr.
ford county, to lua friend m Kateigh, Uu4
the 27th ApriL
" I should be warranted in sayinr, thst
nine-tenths of this county are in iavor of
Gen. Jackson, and dates the same. Os
lo. I understaad, they sre much divided
between Jackson, Crawford snd Adams."
CRARLKSTOV, MAT 12, 18J4.
Theshlo Cunova, Capt. Whitsst, ar
rived yesterday in 3$ days. from Havre,
brings Commercial sccouots to tbe I Gib
ull.
Ifavrt, Mril 3. My respects were of
the 31st ull since when, there has beea
no chanee in our market. Cottons mir
still be had at my last quotations Up
lands, 25; 3 23 1 Sea Islands, 43 a 56."
Tat Carres. The smount of sub
scription to the Greek fund, in the United
States, is ssid to exceed thtrtytix thoumni
dollart ! -
BETTER LATE, THAN KETE..
"The New York Aroericsn of the oth
inst. informs us tbst s rumour has reached
them by the aleam-boal from Albany, that
Gov. Yatea meditate! call of the Legisla
ture, for the purpose'of recomroendin;
the parsing of the electoral law ! ! The
grbundHsigned for this alteration oliicii
is, that the governor in declining to recora
mend ita passage belore, was on the pre
sumption and belief, that Congress wwld
have taken some ueciaive steps lor etieci
inr such sn amendment to the constitution
of the U. S, ss would render the mode uf
choosing electors uniform throughout the
Union. Tbe senato of the U. States ha
ncr declined to set on the ettbtetU and the
people of N. York having pkinly sSgtiifird
their wish to have a voice In tbe approicn
ine choice of the chief magistrate ef tbe
country, the governor, yielding, as it h
said, to this reasonable desire, has aeicr
mined en the step above referred to.
The above is only a rumor : but there still p
pears some foundation for It i inasmuch a po
Gov. Vatca has been abandoned by the veiy p
ions who induced him to act so Jesuitical a prt
in regard to the Electoral law.
MKW-TOtC, MAT 8"
From Portugal Capt. Budd, of the
... a ' - - 1 . - lni!m nil
snip iary Ann, arnvcu m """k"
t ITtK nit in 11 itara fmm Lisbon, con-
SiSrf I I Ml Ul mtt wm aa,iw,M -
C m iL. a..M.arf ik ssieiniinntinn Oi
the Primo Minister of Portugal was at
111 111s S.11E iciiuii siiaiL sisr
tributed to the king's second sorii ana t"
th ro'nhtrVwaain a stare of commotio
1 The olTicers and troops bad positively re
fused serving under Marshal uercsio....
who had irrxonsequence been deprived
his command. Tho people evinced th
f.1inr nf hnstilitV tOWtrol
IIIC WllliCU Ula) ww.. j
Isnguage adopted by the President m n
message to Congress.
Gaeette
j nc uoguia juuih 'ut' ,
of March 14th, gives us the addrcn
Col. II a a itT0 , the Chiel uomm"i-
of the British Commission to tne y?vc
ment of Colombia. In this sddres
finrl ik fnllnurinir naia(re i
assisi iapain 111 ictuun'itn'-ii
tries. Let not the profile of Colombi
tertatn the leat Qhhrchcntion ef
wilt Jin J a tontiaht and Jirm friend
Mr. George Holmev of the firm
Holmes and Wright, .of Elialew tj
N; C, fell suddenly in th street m,
town on the 24th instant, and hanjedw.
expired.
    

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