t sui-ia. tttf ru.- I ..I I, k .l . r i . . n t hi " "
f Pafn.y.fi!,f .in be indivpen-aUo
hetber wa conte mplt 0,t Uioatl,0 of
thoM whn .re connected with Ibe
lion or ibe laws, or of e-thrra wbe may
Have e-preiMj ihemse!,,, tF M
able attachment m tb
Trore the (( . r ) N-iUj f4i.
Tie OiitUb rarllameni
llt lml -l.i .... . '
.j...uiikii-w publitH the di
9W ictM 1 entouMer the
distant in 1;,;,. ..
a,.,.., i'"r ,r' w,,w ,r', M
r,"" kiiiiiiurriiiAfit. ba w T ii.
siscsr Tr-"-? 'B:ih":;M-'t'X i-'r 'j !
i&Gtt&JSUSazz: t&wri .vtesM. i
- - - . . , i ------- - was tiVMiui ui niiinr I ' ' wee liu ui nuni ifi i.
mofiincrof ikm iBir,ii.
"". in . aa. if UeB ,o0 r ptrmlited lo act whbcrut the dufgence ef beaveo. b w. ,u A.-, ?C(M,,Jktl Mitout cnda-ort
" - . .....r ""'" n-u,. ; . r . II,. .. i. i ' .
, r : n r ' iw i m Mr
- lfl -mmm f I... . lit I
i .i. nit ti I whb p.cinc w um? pwrr pna ntppmtu, which
, c twhW - U hhUj Inwrrtcibo,- Mii. oPjk,mI tb. moM eiceptlon. '"notinc. lo yen,. ,hM diidnr your rece.
nt lh ehirtcurof Mr. CilUtln from lKm rttrrr,A . . .k!. I! hnve been (LnM f ' "
"i,","f 'f i ii lu rrc i
.h ooiun MiKhed onrorMMrtldpf ht member, iticctclcd la Mlinrr . It U due, h.Wter, toil cb.r.e
t 7 nmenK;,w' wMf Iwur BredftKd, who bd come there etpre! ",f our toferamenl, "d lolu .ublJi.f,
1 1 '"'"i vi t mi i ii mtitm vnu ii t iv in iwry ii a a -I!- .1 . r i . . . t . in rn vauiuii k. i. . ft . l
red lo irulh, nd the Ulr fm of Piel- Yti Hrif,rf'. f.rtL, 1. 1. ...M.Mtf ord.r. (rew m nhfiJi ik.
I , ,t' ...... . .1 , ... . , I ' w " '-'" wv igi uw ' - r U
,ri l V F 7M,-UfKe ,Flf Tf of (bete rtndcmen lo an I'
1 would uin aK lrir. Oilei k Sea-In
II , . , , , , I miinni iHivimiiz I v, H
nu ll h. kM, when (He tn ftjfwjr port lh,nhfy badoMnlr joined Iht oppo Pdint to exerdto ib ridiUii.e
. plc In their piper lo tbt anliJa in i:Jon,nd for a while it m btHtui, F"r Vt6 by iba coliuUo th
s,.c..,, . ni.uiMiug p uccn occ-iin3 increited iha number of their idle- "eJa,Molijr - weaticii
rit.rf to a Uri;a mtetina; contcnad at rental but It nlurallr biouabt lian ,n maiorttf of '. acartely .n
h 'turj,Mch (Secured, among! other correction, for it brought about a free jecloa w. Heard to hia mwia ef m
-nj, urn mrf woma periiu in errry uminuf!caiion mlth ihi-i, o that realle "l,n me lnflcco' "rni at
'"""M me crcuuon before tU armr nwrclied froiii in c-n- ,,fM concciegt mmi "'kj wtrc orwntfl
hoheld nflKra fur tK cgfTcdfofl ir,. fien'l irnreftrVirtft-wili br 'f00 ,,, P''',-
.1 the duly under It) a unwonhjf f ,hdow of an enrmr to conb, nor hJ - . J PeljZ?!2 1 Cre
rcirfrWiidaMpi that ihev would bait no ihere eerlren .iiorKnlMd rotce. Acn ,,fice of men, bo Kedforw Vue'n-
i :ercoure or deliiK iih them j with- 0f tilence bad tern commil'ed, audi at ' ncf oer ihe t,jjj 0f oihera bi the tui
.1 l from I hfm ever atti.tmce. and 1r,UnrA knnl x.nt.l n.tniifl ihr ciiiin. nce tS llirir .....t ! .
ulibnold all the cort.rorta of life which iry io rie in rebclli.m ; but the men, ho om r r and violence Ii U well
rpended upon lho duiiea which, at h-d occaionaIlr met l im, lud not Imv; knon V "u"raa did noi heaitete to
tien and fellowHama, (bay owd to ba diaparaed and at borne. bfWthrir C"fnme the compU. .
i itn oincn n wuuiu, uwn ph i iruof cooiea uown io a ucirree WPI'Ilie-
ioni. tfeitthem ith contempt j end if rolled the Idea or fijrMinj;, and ll that we ,K
,''r. Gallatin did oo!, at a lubaeijuf! pe- rttA 0f the happy influence of the im;o- '
iiid. vdemnly and publicly etow bia pr- tin force drawn toge-her on ihe otri- '''
... ... , . iiinnt
would permit. Hut lheimnrta.1... whltl,
ttll ttfulmrin wnmAm t.w ik- J!
k lorce drawn tocr'ner on I lie otri- v.. .ia:onifmeu,
pauon in that tnaurrectton, by ac UJon. I. on, the aljnir ol the ,!.,-. To " lur.,l)ono '" wnuut dcwried :
nowkdrinf, (penilentlally it i lo be understand it we mut rerur to few un "" w u"-ro were no lnrercon
iioped,) to the IiUture of l'tnnla (iUctioni.b!e faria. P"1 t0 tne "or of dcai-nin,; ji.J'uid
a. that it waa bia onlr m.lttiril in f III 1.1 Tl utmin'ur.iinn kt. ,r
Mfir. Calea k Seaton were auoriaed .. rAA .1. .rn.. tierm mn. ,m I 'he ery lorlxarance to nrtM nrrcau
ftheae facta when they publiahed the dfr color of that nrou.ion in (he Judiriair 1 w" nunierprei. imo a ir af
lirca referred to, without luatinr com Lrf whirh .lilu,iiu, the Judm to wtln ,he exeruuon of the l-wi, and aa
rivtnt or rrmark. I would mil i: to their Mn i-Uii.mkn.-Si. r..r.;,l i ...f. aocwiiona of men betan to denounce
c.nuor io aiaie inir motive wr nomgrthe procrat of the courte.
11, ana ttiua Riving currency 10 me SIw. Without an? annronriation what
froaft and moat unfounded hlxl upon eer, the Adminiatrarion hi drawn out
hhirarjer and reputation of General 0f (he 1 re aaury about a million and a
nance of that armr.
And, after all tbia, it i not to le won-
TopUe thi "Gentleman of dWtfotr
t on. laa Mtaara. Galea k Co. call the
uritrr of the anirle alluded lo.) aa well
i a hie encomufctic backer, in thel' true
iht, and to ahew what aort of a M dia-
inction" they merit, be plraaed to publish
Ie ktur. bciided J I'be NVhiikey Imur
Hon and immediately after it, the
olloing extract from Gen. Waahing-
un a apcrch to Coriieti, delivered the
tbrexta against ibe officera employed
r rom a bchct, that by a more krm.il con-
crt, their operation might be defeated,
certain self-created societies anumed the
tone of condemnaiion- Hence' while the
greater part of PcnnsylvKiiia i.elf were
coniorming themsehea to the acts of ex
dered at that bearea and earth ahould be cie' hw coun rre reaolrediofrua
moved to mainir ih nrtk!i. ik., Itrate them. It waa now perc eiveJ that
iated, or the benenta that ensued. Ktt ,Pccil"on fni the tenderness
cutive ir.Ouenco had been exercised oer wh,ch. ,""d beeo hhert pursued, wis
a Judze of tb Ui.iied Sut. fJurf unirailinj;, and that further. d;Ia could
Will.f,n t ftKr.-.n - ,.rt;fi,- kL?i. on'y create an opinion of impotencr
Congresa could never bkve coniemplated '"wm, ' h Covernment.
mnA k,.. i a . a r. . I'tKI process was, therefore, deliver
19th NVcmbcrrl7J4. Tbia will enib'.e Caotain'b a-u,rd. .nd.. Finrfle, ed ,0 lhe rnarshaU against iba riotera and
ii .. . .. i r n ' - - - i .ii...
n puunc .o t.rat propeny tne enons actually obtained without the pluciio.. resistance desperate, prevent the effusion
of lh'js who in order m tlenr a mrrvf I r. .;,..i. .rr..i. J ia J JtotDgx.waa.heaukratood to -o-etv-U rciT i rr rr t "j
, . " 7 1 --itww-iiiiw imaiiM ui BUT UlUVI t w I VI t III. C 1 . . . , , , , -
if J fortifier ; who is the w.ng the cud ,h.n aome letters, and the ground of pub B"5ed. m thu du,V ,bn ,h nK"n of
i ine iiiMirrrcilw, wiuie nc 18 nopinff 10 Mir notorielf. War hiirf. in firt. hn ",v" " "vu u
i . ... . . i - , ... ,
th rnaliirnant of their dana-ar. kkniiti
frultlM, roiliiary fvrte might be prtDa
rd to act, before the seaton abould U
loo far advanced.
My prvtUmeilon of the 7tb of Ae'rati
.... . .
av, waa accortJingly Uaued, and accom
aanled by the eppoioimriit of commit-
siwera, who were charged to repair to iba
wt ounaurreciion. I hey were author
A to confer with any bodiea of men, or
muiiwuaJt. I hey were Inatrurted to be
CanJi and etDii(it. in atwinc iK un..
tions whieir had been excited in the Kx
ccutivei and hie earnest wish to avoid a
resort to coercion j to represent, howa
rr, that without aubmisabn, coercion
must be the reson x but to invita ihem. i
the time time, to return to the demeanor
j" laithlul cltiaens, bv such atcommoda
'one m lay within the aphere of the ex
cutiva power. P.rdoe, loo, waa tender
"o t he to by ihe government of iha
K"iiej Mates, ,d that of Pcnnsvlvania.
"n wfter conwiton than a utistac
Arra'ioirmnw - w. -. .. .k . ,.
si oners marts their firmness and abilities,
and roust unite 11 sinuous men, by show
ing that ihe means of conciliation have
bi exhausted, all of those who had
comrniceJ or abetted the tumults did not
subscribe the mild form, which was pro
posed as the atonement ; and the indica
tnsof a peaceable temper were neither
autliuemly general nur conrlusive, lo re
commend or Wbrrant the further suspes
siun of the march of the militia.
Thus the painful alternative could not
be discarded. I ordered the militia to
march, after once snore admonishing the
insurgents, in my proclaaUoo of Ibe
2Mb of September last.
It was a UhX too diflkull to aKertaln.
itli precision, the lowest degree of lorce
competent to the uelling of the insur
rection, r rom a respect, indeed, toecoo
omy and the ease of my fellow-citiiens
belonging to the militia, it would have
w"""a rnm tt rrnmr1Uh inrb an eatl
mate. Mr verv reluctance ro auuc iw
much importance to the opposition, bad
its extent been accurately seen, would
have been a decided inducement to the
sraalleat efficient numbers. In this un
eenaintv. therefore, I put into motion
fifteen thousand men, aa being an army,
which, according to alt human calculation,
would be prompt and adequate in every
view, and miht perhapa, by rendering
I .4 . I ' - ,
;rowc me icpiiDiican amuranth ol preal clared, and prtparaaona made for carrying
- rntnl power, do not acruple to slander , on ,,,,; , parl 0f t,e COunirv-, with-
'he memory of a man w ho was " first in
War, firat in Peace," and is still first in
be hearts of bis countrymen."
out submitting the subject to Congress,
and an immense sum drawn out or the
Treasury, in direct Violation of the Con
stituuon, It required much to reconcile
the people tot heat higb-handedrneaHOKe
and, among other things, that the few
who dared to raise a- tUmor about them
vaoa mi anaisa amurta.
TtlE WIIISKKY l.NSl HKKniON.
Eitractof a letter from a gentleman of dis- should be quelled or brougnt into sui.ii
ttnetion, to his friend in the State of North- odium as not to be listened to.
Carolina. The principal of these was Albert Cal-
M I comply with pleasure with your re- latin, and such was the overwhelming in
1e, to give the truth of the affair of the fluence of his antagonists, at that time,
Whiskey Insurrection, ao far as Mr. that it required all hU undaunted firmness,
('illalin waa implicated. It ia a period of tranquil perseverance, and prompt appre-
our history with which every man ought henoiott, to lift him above the persecution
lobe, and very few really are, well ac- he underwent.
quaintest. It was the very crisis of the I Uh you may be able to get his speech,
powers of party, end of the developement ror ;t wti printed in a pamphlet, andnot
of the dangers which threatened our con- or,T that speech, but many that he made
dilution from the prevalent dogmas of the before and after, to which the opening of
ir. Mr. Gallatin has labored under otle the people's eyes, at the time, ia mainly
of the ereatest misfortunes to which , hi utrihuted. We have forgotten our
efflieTliatroirni TlrUn1tRrtme-iiBlfit mc' that,
jwted, that of having his history written Lefj ,ard in those daya to make head in the counties of Washington and Ai-
"T hi enemy ; but I will venture to against the doctrines that would have en
B'tintaintfaat in the eyea of an impartial gulphed the Constit.yiiort. ' "
posterity, the part he actedin the drama of gut think what would have been the
j!1 day will fill the brightest page of his conscquence, if the Administration could
"'"Rrnpl y. TiltJUtejdilaIndcil k.i,-i.drmiaraewwarad-x-
landing the Uue history of that 9 (fair are pendcd million from their inherent pow-
nlJPlriiab"1? VnrrlunVlr- ,H"TC,AUme "iT- Vi thcie had been no one to sound
met vrrthoand very iiltiein.CiiK'rtJ' - W.fi jjj ?ijfftVuVl iichcVw.r0, of pow
era oocJk bore truth upon the face of H, ,be'pfischt day ? " Put down t,he rooh
y of IJ.MBLKv'a doea; and ita details ,tc j factt applie1 to the RepubUcan
vo,, ' - -V rccmraenu lo party. " Strengthen the arm ol govern
the pcrsoa) and property of the inspector
of the revenue. They fired upon the
marshal, arrested him. and detained him
tome time, as a prisoner, fie was obli
ged, by the jeopardy of hia life, toie
nouncc the service of other pioccs, on
lllicw cia aide otlbc ALc jbeDjt muuuiiiui
and a'depi'lation was alterwarda uut to
him to demand a aurrender of that wnich
iV hud served. A numerous body re
peatedly attacked the house of the inspec
tor, seized his papers of office ; and finally
destroyed by fire his buildings, and what
soever ihey contained. Both ol these ol-
hcers, from just reirard to their safety,
fled to the seat tX. government ; it bciiu;
avowed, that the motives ta such outra
ges were to compel the resignation or the
inspector; to withstand by lorce of amis
the authority of the United States, and
thereby, to extort a repeal of the laws of
excise, and an alteration in tbe conduct of
Upon the testimony of these fact, an
associate justice of the supreme court of
ii. V , . ' Vi .7 . , I mem, oy accuniuiaiiiiK ku"
declares that Gallatin, Bracken- u Sunnort the Administration," by
Rc' nd himself, in common with manv i...: ;. :. i na u jrou, ri,..
mil.. 4 . . -' . s- . icmiiK ii uo as u uicc, ". - --"-v
"rr .rllion nl ninnun.nl .i.nriinnp. at. I . . . .. -.. . . n:..: M
r-r--- vv' v..... b, iinecorasoi auecuon wun wreni uwwiu.
CI1(W;I the meetinir for no oibr.r- nnrnose I j:t- t .k:nn. r.m ,kn
iafi J f r r i ncse xeilCIS Ullicr ill iiuiiiiuj, v.." i.ixsv
.'tl n O tnodctate Or control ihe measures I .i a: r:i'..! itai 'lint
r-'- ioi ine wemocrauc . pariy m i.-w. wu.
late Tencrable Re
that Adhrinistf ation had the indiscretion
Pw ntotiv. rJL' L. : ii., to do acts, which let in the light upon the
- w " I .
legheny, in Pennsjlvania, laws ot tbe
United Statea were opposed, and the exe
cution thereof obstructed by combinations
toi powerful to be suppressed by the or
by the powers vested in the marshal of
that district." On this talf, momentous
in the extreme, I aougU -and weighed
the one hand, the judicial; was pronoun
ced to be stripped of ita capacity to en
force the laws: crimes,' Wiich reached
the very existence of aocia order, were
perpetrated without contrd t the friends
of government were iniittcd, abused,
and overawed into aiiencefor an apparent;
acquiescence ; and to yieW to the treason,
able fury 'bf to small a portion of Ibe
United States, would ' be- to violate the
fundamental principle of rAir constitution,
orbloodrCTudlas "had been assigned to
the atatei of New-Jersey, Pennsylvania.
Mary land and Virginia ; the governor of
Pennsylvania having declared on thia oc
casion, an opinion which justified a requi
sition to the other statea.
As commander in chief of the militia,
when called into the actual service of the
United aJe sulhave. itsiiedAbe plAcei of-i
genr rf rendezvous lo obUiii more exact
information, and to direct a plan for ulte
rior movements. Had there been room
cure trom ooatruction ; that ice civi
magistrate m able to bring to justice
such of the most culpable aa have not
embraced the proffered terms of amnesty,
and may be deemed fit objects of exam
pie ; that the fiicnds to peace and good
government were not in neea oi inai uu
and countenance, which they ought always
to receive, and I trust eer will receive
against the vicious and turbulent, I should
have caught with avidity the opportunity
of restoring the militia to their families
and home. But succeeding intelligence
has tended to manifest the necessity of
wbaihjisbcea.jdonei.U being now . con
fessed by those who were not inclined' to
exaggerate the ill conduct of the insur
gents, that their malevolence was not
pointed merely to a particular law ; but
that a spirit inimical to all order, has ac
tuated many of the offenders. If the
state of tbiug-s had afforded reason for tbe
OO Ik. Jith JJM, by ,b, HnK'lm Jl
io ibia i " -
! am bappy to see yc-o aeain, my Loeda.
. 1 ,ff V bece disturbed br -(be
I bope yen will kern a iL.m t.w ....
n that quarter
I am on pretty good terms wi'b tb
I thank you for so much money--.
! see you have dune eomeihW tat tU
I an glad that wa iret alona- ao wll
w aa " -- f
I bope you will behave vouraelrea al
We are glad to Itarn, thai Charles .
Haines, esq. of this city, has preacntad
lo a distinguished ciilten of tbe Repub
lic of Colombia, a work In MS. of some
three or foor hundred p-;ea, entitled,
S&" "VlV JJATCe to. HI
ular style, and presenting the most sim
ple view of tbe General and Sute Gov
ernments, and their concurrent epwration
on the geniua and resources of the same
people. Such a book is much wanted in
South America and in Europe. It will
be publisher! in Spanish, and no douM be
widely circulated. A. Y. Com. Adv.
xvoTnr.tt i.ih uutii.
raaa vaa utiuu mmh.
Lrtrxirl tf a It iter fnm a gmttrwm ITaPl
Curtly, .V. C. It a jrti icma f Htiki nglti,
JattJ 16U tH44.
44 Several gentlemen of tbia neighbour
hood, at an accidental mettle some
daya since, had a talk n tbe I'ltaidcniUI
election. The followng table exhibits
our opinion as to the result of the votes
for Prtsidvnt, by (ha elector.! (ollcges
and aa the National Journal goea rut broad
,riwh xW ..'2
have no objections thai tbe Editor, if he
thinkt proper, abould accompany It wii
any remarks of his own on the subject.
At he appears to be a man of cl v minJ,
and ' a man of troth, we would be glad to
tee If he has any objectiofli to cnir as
sumptions. Indeed our object ia t'thtt .
we would be at free to elicit the esll
matea or opinions of oihera, as lo dissem
inate tboae enta ruined by oursatwwa.
Penn)lnia 23 Maine
North-Carolina U New Hampshire
Pouth-Carolii 11 Mmaeliutia
AUbama S Connecticut
IMii-iana 5 ltbtxte-ULnd
Miauippi 3 Vemont
slUfHin 3 New-Jersey
Tenn-ee 11 1 lelwara ....
Mar-ikad r- UaejfbuMU- -:
continuance of my presence with the ar
my, it would not have been witbbolden
issue, as will redound to the reputation
and strength of the United Statea, I have
judged it most proper to resume ray du
ties at the seat of government, leaving
the chief command with the governor of;
Still, however, at it is probable, that in
a commotion like the present, whatsoe
ver may be tbe pretence, the purposes of
mischief and'xevenge...may not be laid
aside, the stationing of a smajl force for
a certain pemd- feje.fuar-wxsiera.cjauli!.!
Should Clay be withdrawn, which ap
pears probable, we should calculate on an
increase of 38 votes far Gen- Jackson,
which would give him 123 votes-
M Should Mr. Crawford be considered -out
of the question, w,hici we alwrthink ,
probable, taking into view his weakness
of body, and political weakness, we should
estimate the votea of Virginia and Geop
gia foe Jackson, (33,) whic h., would secoro
his election by the people. He wbhld
then nave 156 votes 131 only being ne
cessary to decide the efection. ' In the
event, of Mr. Crawford rot being voted
for, Mr. Adams would certainly have
New-York, which would give him 10 ,
votes i or should the votes of Virginia, as
well aa New-York, be given to him, (and
not to Jaetson, as estimated by us,) bo
" --- ...... a a
" It appears to us here, that the elec
tion by the people, or the House of Re
prcaentatives, is entirely between Gen.
Jackson and Mr. Adams. The election
of either would be agreeable to great
majority of the people of this state, and,
we hope, the Union. Gen. Jackson is the
first choice of the people of North-Laro-
tiria Mr. Adam secdrid. vMr. Craw:
ford could not now obtain - more than- one
out of every ten votes of this State, and
f 1 tBUIJj
. a '