HAUBHUUY, X. C. TimSDAY, tiVTVMlVM 21, ML
VOI. V.l '
a u a, i t
lit riiiM) wnm.
- Atf t m Mi i year,
-I l' If,,,,,!, (,f,J t ), OJrt'.Wt
.f H lnMw, t tf
AS letters a.Utd to It tA,. ratrat
fmfialJ, Of tWy U M4 M lt.ik.U4 lo.
At mti'ifig i4 ll SnLfiUi,u of lU CrtHnl
J.rid U ft'orcetter, kutrltt, lh k&W
InX rKlu!ji report J by t coaauitaa ert
Jttiohed, Ihtt, in the view of iiU
meeting, profane swearing, and lewd
language, practised cither by the young
or old, are evilt of rnormout msgni
,tudf, at being themselves Infringe
mebti on good morals and Christian
loi-t, and at paving the way to vlcct
and crimes of almost every kind, by
weakening that tense of obligation lo
obey thy command of Gocf, and thai
regard for decency, which ire esteatinl
to the best iotcrct of the community.
That it it the duty of every citizen.
y example, 1 preerpt, and by coun
tenancing the laithlul execution of the
lawt on these subjects, to check tbcte
$;reat and growing evil..
That the inhabitants of the Central
Scho-1 Diatrict, in Worcester, h re as
sembled, wilt, Individually ar.d collec
tive ly, tiac their itflucrce to suppress
these evils in iheir famdies, io thr
street, and else I. err, and to support
trie maturate in mkirg an ciamph
of obstinate ,ffrt(tr.
ITiat it it highly irrportart that thr
wise and salutary provision of I (w rn
acted 1 1 prevent thr pra lice of profjn
.1 i.i i. i i .1
n; noum iw maoe laniiMr to we
knowledge and understanding of those
who are amenable to it j and ns the
-fce4t-lrtW4-f -tmprsTtnr- fit oMir?'
lions upon the mindt ol ihe children
and youth of our villi.ee, that it be re
coromrndrd to the Instructers of the
resp'Cttvr .. 1 .v.. ,
pupil, to expl-in and enforce its mcar-
log and obligations, ana to notice ind
rcprovee-.fr instar.ee of the violation
of i'.a prohib non.
It VI 1 hcolm, per crdcr.
In Rochelle snc" it viririij-, 47,840.000
TnN of flunnel anrl laire t. mantiUr
tured yearly. 7 lis i iipve(t to be
more than half tlr qu-ntitr rnartuuetu
re J on the whole f.irc of the globe.
Mr.. Coutts.the r.-3dow of the Great
London Uankc, in June, cave a frtit
at Highgate,yto about itrn hundred
Iauics and rtitirmen ot tr.c lirst rank
and fa?hion ('.rent Britain, including
Hoval Dulcr, he. The military bands
stationed orthe lawns consis'rd of no
K-ssthtnuenty performers of the firtt
ability ; try attendants out of livery
amounted io forty well dressed per
sons j wagon-loads of gold and
silver pl were used, nd to every
servant dio came with the guests, a
two-shiljig ticket was Riventbe ex
pended h rcfrcshmtr.t for himself.
Six hunted partuok.of this liberality.
! RETORT COURTtOUS.
A jvtice of the peacr, in V'rrmont,
ho ws not very noted for his erudi
tion, d a cause brought before him
of rair anindclicat. nut Ore j in which
a yorg woman was introduced oa a
witni", who was not very delicate in
the toice of words in her testimony.
1 houstice observed to her, that she
hadirass. enough in her fare to make
a e pail kettle : To which she an
Jiejl$ csrsur and there'a sap-enough
in our head to fill it!
A Irian carrying a cradle, was stop
Td By an old woman, and thus accos
ed: t( So, air, yau nave got $ome of
(Wfrulx of matrimony." " Softly, soft
ly old lady, (said he) you mistake
'm is merely the fruit basket."
cm'ncnt Grocery Company in
Dublin announce in the newspapers of
Y city, that they have whiskey on
-which two Jwnkhtf hts Majesty
in Ireland: ' ' J
'oiiow the world m approving
Situ' WC ? U in BPProviDS
J). hut tn the CAL'CL'fl.
U rMif iM fJ.Uim tM WUm
Mr. r.Urs rt m af.Ul lM twS
ifl Utla vita w- alk of u jwa.
W tl.at H.r tUn wf Ui Uw 4 tU
1 JMi'".' '".,'"
t-, itian4 aidt that hro ltM
rtsoiutiom were firit.lfttrivduccd,' t
si v m great bji-ctioo & htat but, oo
ciamioiDg me preampie n loougrit It
cry improper. Hi was therefore op.
posed to ih proposition altogether,
Th 18th section cf our Hill of
Kiihii, sayi, 'thai the people have
rignt io asvemtiie together, to consult
far the tsmmei good, io instruct iheir
represeniatives, tec. He aaw no im-
propriety in our me anheri of, Congress
mtetiag together, and advising their
constituents as to the candidate lor the
I'residcncy most likely to answer their
expectations. Tl . re was nothing that
toiringeu any principle ol the Uoiutitu-
uon. ins constituents knew out little
of Mr. Crawford, Mr, Adams, or Mr.
Calhoun. And where must they in
quire for information I .Thtir neigh
bors know at little of theie gentlemen
at themselves. To whom, then, can
ibev apply with more prot nct of suc
cess, than t4 our members of Congress?
hat he wished was, to have the pro
le welj informed, for himaelf, he
had little preference for ar.y of the can-
didatrl. lie did not Ulirve the Mem-
ers of that Home were expected by
heir constituents to instruct our Mem
bers in Congress. All the rights
huh the people have not delegated,
are reserved to them t but one of the
first things we see in the I'renmple to
thee Resolutions, denies to our Mem
bers of Congre tbr right to art in re-
Ijti n to the Presidential question, as
they judge proper. V , in our court
houses and other places, meet and con
sult on putdic affairs whenever we,
f.leaie,-and )et it irproposed that we 1
shall aay to our Keprestntativrs in
Congress you shall not meet together.
Tor his part, he was willing to hra'
thr opinion ef our Members of Cor-
;rr"'r" "f. lrtl or nnj ether.1
He did notthink henr rt .r,tnrrill
would tx- mpired bv it.
Mr. Crssm. I should consider my
self chargeable with a dereliction of
the duty I owe that respectable p. nion
of the state, which I have the honor
to represent, were ! to remain silent
on the important question now under
discussion. These resolutions pro
pose, by an expression of the legisla
tive will, to tmiuuntenaoce the danger
ous priii nc of caucusing, and tore
commend that the district mode of
electing cle c for s "should Ixcbme uni
form throughout the Union. To both j
these propositions I am decidroly
Klecton! Colleft MsemllM Ji drtath.
eJ and imnbodic,andh UttaUist
t xittencf. Udt tootll " ol jec
tiom It Congress, as as tltctlg body,
liable. It l a lage t J )trgM'u.
cd body, Wt are toll, bcrer, thai
member! of Coogre are m4h tUc
l(r tf th HMsidsnt. Let gcissntn,
wyrr, look at the fat, antciador
will oblige Umoi to adAit, tba tcor.
dmg to the caucus plo, the eombert
of Congress virtually elect thrtsi
dentolihe UaitrJ Satei. Ilteinam
ination it, in effect dictation, hit
ought not to be so It is an uooly
usurpation of pnwf not delegateoLv
the Conatitution, and exposes us, in
the choice of aChief Magistrate, t
all the evils agnit hie h the framer
of our Conttitoiou designed to secure)
u. I C'-nsida the Caucus mertiors
held at the Ciy o( Washington, for the
purpose rf tvminating a candidate in
fill the i Mice il rresidcnt of ihese Uni.
led States, a. unconstitutional, anti-republican,
dmgerous to liberty, and
operating inustice to the rights of the
small S:aiei. Unconstitutional, be
cause the rsembcrs oi those mectines
practically transcend ther constitutioe-
al powers aati-rrputliian, because
thay are ralivlated to rir up a noli;.
cal aristocracy, and thertVy veit in the
few that power which bcngt to the
many dangerous to libjrty, because
they are, io truth, at urpatioo of
some ol the dearest right of freemen;
nd injurious to the rigltsof the small
States, txcauac they arc thus deprived
of the ch.nce v. hich tht Constitution
gu.rntres to them of hat ing an equal
voire with the large Stairs in the elec
tion ol a President, ahenetcr the
choice devolves up .n Coagrest. These
xtitioi., il not self-evident, have been
o ably etjl,lishd bv my honorable
friend Irom Howan, that it would be
tupcrcio4ion fur me to dwell longer
with authority i body cf men. la orxo
a4 tnanifrit iolti.,a of iht graius of
our consuiuiioa t Let me further atk,
if il bat aUsyt happened, that the in.
Itretta of the doreiBsat party is idc
uufj witn waiti rrpuMiti f History
leacbe a ut tuch turtle t bavt often
proved tbe baoe U free gcicromenfs,
Often under tbe preseas f f4,nf
public good, hare they abused their
power to secure aelfaggrand. lenient.
Until, therefore, it it tbe a, that there
it a domloiat pny, and that the in
terest of that party il the a; me with
the interest of the government, it i
believed that this argument of gentle
men can avail them nothing. It has
been said, by my worthy friend fren
Ucauftrt, that opinions of eminent men
against caucuses are not to be regarded)
Jbut I trust, that this House will res
vet such opinions oo this at well as
n other subjects. The father ol his
muntrv has said "that all combioa
tont of individuals for the purpose ol
csntrelliug and iuflueocing the free ex
ercise of constitutional rights or pow.
ers, are seriously to be deprecated.
Here is a direct and unequivocal con
demnation of caucusing by the great
est patriot acd statesmaa of any age.
V. -t-ann aay, that wo are unt...
sarltv i uiiibin u.. ' . -1 tka ll..ite
by thia discuation. Sir, io my hum
ble opinion, the time of this House
could not be better employed, than in
discussing a question of such vital im
portance to tbe welfare of our consti
tuents. It is of more importance to
the good of our State, to put down
Caucuses, than to restore to tredit
rogues and swindlers. The gentle
man from Caswell informs us that a
Caucus lamination has no binding in
flurnce. This it really new. I be
lieve, however, it will cot be found
correct io fact ; as no one can say, that
such a nomination, has not the tame
ufimm W. Wt have Wen toTTBy lhTTfT?e rsrtf inrerr oMigatOTTT Wm J
gentleman U m Beaufort, that these
fcsolotionv were introduced with a
view to thr Presidential question. Sir,
to my mind it seems disingenuous,
when prepositions are before this
House, tumped with public good, c a
pau.c 04 . f of aget, and
divested of evtry locJ, temporary
party feature, to endeavor to excite the
prejudices, and blind Ihe understand
ings of those to whose consideration
they are submitted. Di these reso
lutions' wear any thing of this kind on
their face ? Theyexhibit the fair as
pect of republicanism ; they are politic
and ought to be adopted, But gentle
men object to a principle contained in
these resolutions, the right of the con
stituent to instruct His presentative.
They have been repeatedly told by the
mends of the bill, that if an opportu
prili. They aft disting.iUhetl let
the 6id and lo'tbc Csbinet, f r tone
havt ditt.Uyrd acts of gdlantry ai.d
noble daring which would do honor to
the proudest ration of ihe earth. Laf
then, the rumple f Tennessee hsvt
its full weight. Aware that I il.all Ix
fJlowrrf by gentlemen who art shore
compeiat ihaarnrltlfli rli lntUa to
East any longer cm iho patience f f lhi
ooorablo Unly I hfp the H't
tiouf will not be iadr finitely porrpoocd.
to ic coaTisvrrr.)
Tht Ex.Emferor ITl'linitlK.
Cstrart of a Ml'r daM Aharvbi, W Auf :tt,
44 The ImrU le part; is ow complete
u I low parlies oil now srsnd reqnirei
no get pene'ea'itm o preJi t. The Re
puh.irans will be j ine4 by all Ihoso ol
liurbitVs party, who were eer Dppod
io the Spolh suprem ij and shey enra
iriecdly. An ardentadmirer at.d sin-: nity were given, they would willinplv
cere friend to our free institutions. I put thtm in such a share as to render
shall always contribute my best ciTorts
to their preservation, and oppose with
alacrity any attempts threatening thtir
existence or puntv. Ihe brightest
feature in our character of liberty, and
one upon which our political fabric is
mainly based, is the right of free suf
frage. That this right becomes im
portant ns the object for which it is ex-
exercised is so, must be conceded. No
person can then deny, that this right
is, in no other instance of its exercise
so valuable, as in the election of Chief
Magistrate of the Union. Did the
veperable sages who framed our Con
stitution view the subject in this light ?
That they did, no one can doubt, who
will bestow a moments reflection on
the anxious solicitude which they evin
ced to guard the purity of the Presi
dential election, whether threatened bv
them unexceptionable in this resrect
'J his liberty, however, has been de
nied them. I sincerely hope that a
majority of this House will afford an
opportunity so to amend the resolutions
as to make them an expression of the
will of the Legislature, as I believe
suih an expression would have a direct
tendency to put down the practice of
which we complain.
I he gentleman from Caswell, grave
is the practice? Members of Con
irress iro into Caucus aod nominate
the r candidate. 1 he mcmiert oi vne
State Legislature then go into Caucus
form an Electoral ticket, and rccom
mend the Caucus Candidate and th
Caucut Ticket to the support of the
prople. which proceedings produc
the same result, as if they were sane
tioncd bv the Constitution. And thus
sir, are the Ireemen ol this country
ingeniously divested of a mrst sarrre
and invaluable privilege. e contend
that members of Congress have no
right to lorm a Caucus for the pur
pose of influencing the Pnsidentia
election j because they are elected for
an entirely different purpose. v hen
they act io any other capacity than as
Legislators, they transgress the Con
stitutional powers. When they d j it
with a view of influencing the election
of the F.xecutive, they encourage an
omou of the distinct Department ol
the government, which, if effected,
would produce tyranny and anarchy.
Members of Congress are moreover
exposed to the improper influrnce of
the Candidates who will generally be
at the Scat of Government, and it
would be saying too much for humaa
nature to asbc-rt. that these Candidates
will not frcqueutly use every means to
promote their ambitious views. We
ly tells us, that though members of! have been told, that it would be im
jirjnnrjaOguja l-4 wtll-k nown he-never attendr Cancns
selfish and corrupt intrigues from a-
broad. If there be any one part of our
Constitution on which its framers be
stowed greater consideration than on
any other, it is that part which secures
the purity of the election of our Chief
Magistrate. The happy plan devised,
shews at once their wisdom and the
success of their labors. There were
two prominent evils apprehended, and
against which they were tq guard.
The one was the tumult, passion, and
disorder, incident to all larce assem-
corruption, to wnicn an prc-cxtsimg
bodies are exposed. The plan devised
and incorporated into our Constitution.
happily avoids both these evils. Our
Congress are prohibited to be electors,
yet that should net prevent them from
meeting in their private capacity, to
rccom mead some suitable person for
the Presidency. Sir, no one who has
observed the effect of such recommen
dations can deny but they are in truth
dictations, Iu what instance, I would
ask, has the recommendation of a man
tion? I have no doubt but members
of Clngress, through the instrumen
tality of caucuses, do indirectly what
the constitution prohibits them to do
direcllynot merely designate, but
make the President. Again we are
told, that a caucus is necessary to keep
the dominant party ia power. Sir, it
is well known that at present there is
but one party in the United States all
are friends of the present administra
tion. If any parties do exist, they are'
but in embryo, and have been produced
bXJtftc .cauflKting. 4Lima;oi'th.:'Prea:
idency. It cannot be said that tiere
is, at this time, any dominant party.
But if, there were such a party, shall
we adopt a principle, which clothe
proper to adopt these resolutions, be.
cause one of our Senators is too vener
able and virtuous to be instructed by
this body. In thia -country, Sir, we
should never allow the creture to be
esteemed greater' than the Creator.
But if all our delegatiorTwere like the
gentleman alluded to, it would be use
less to pass these Resolutions, as it is
meetings. Others of our Represent?.
lives, it is to be feared, have not the
same scruples. The Legislature of
Tennessee has been referred to, as
having recently passed similar Resolu
tions. An attempt is made to impair
the force of this example, and Jiow ?
By saying that Tennessee has eternally
disgraced herself by refusing to the
citizens of North-Carolina the right
to sue for lands in her Courts. We
are told, that this one act so irretrievs
bly darkens he
o stigma -the house fronr-whrth 'she
sprung. - oir, witn tnis oiot oo ner
escutcheon, we have to be proud of our
offspring. The citizens of Tennessee
are high-minded, intelligent and enter-
poatti hl only aetitri fuectire l'r;e.
I he o(!iMh parly will r tUe an acces
sion of strength bv li e furet and infl'iti.co
of the clergy, (who, in ike evuMi!rnent
of the peeent Kormwent, the de
i rod ton of iheir own power,) b the ho
biliif and wealth of the country. I should
snppo thai, of the lo (unlet, the Span
, r k. downM oUm
tfl.lr for. iiMi'ii m.mev. wiih a wrm.
fcolJierv, lika that of Mexico, what may
not be done ?
MCen. Santa Anns, whose appointment
to Yucatan I mentioned in a former lelier,
t taken a stand, supposed 10 bo injuri
ous io the union, (irnernment are tiling,
at thia port, to t-il in a few dar an expe
dition lor Campeachy ; but whftlier it is
to ci in conceit with, or aeini, Sjnta
Anna, it no; well underttood in ttda
atari Twt ttt'. eaaoaieia.
The Death of In naiDt. the lato F.m
peror of Mexico, it ui aful letton lo
murpert. He elcu'rlett earned hit f to
by" In t wiifui violation ol'iho term U(crr
which hit lite wtt tprel, and a li'irral
tupport fran'ed lo him by hit re.u tiy
men. His career it now ended Hit am
bition, which Loped tomrh to l"rt
over the ruins of a diwi.ir.g He pu'.lii . has
proved his ruin. He appealed up"n iho
theatre of South American polni'V an
interesting and laudable tf Ulii. nj
foujthi the hatilea of hi cCuntry with a de
toieetneis tkat did him honor, and gao
out to the worl.'i, h-i ji , hit country's
Klory only that he fought for. But iho
honors which awaited him l.e accepted,
and pc'hapa be found them too grateful
and fjcii)''kc(j to be neeried or repelled.
V-fD elevated to the Inchest ilfi-e in
Mexiran Hepublk, he repeated his as-
suranect of. perton.tl exertion for the pub
lic good alone. Like our own beloved
Washington, he decided upon tetiriog
from the honors which the jratitude of
his countiy heaped upon him. Hy this
to , he e ured the puldic fonfiitenre, nod
enlinied in his own behalf the withas and
svmpathiea of all HepuUican America.
But, unable to stand the sudden chango
in his condition, be rJted an unau'hor-
ied standard, and created himtelf a wii-
ar(h ' An insulted confiden' O of a great
and crowing nation foncii hint into for
eign climet ; bu; his rttiless, anil iiious
dixpoMtion persuaded him to return j his
lis has been the price of his teinciity.
raov ti tilling rrin.
The following is the order hi which the
several counties of this stole are arranged
in districts, for the election of Prrsidint
and Vice President of the United States:
1st DistrictThe counties of Burke
Buncombe, Rutherford and Hsy wood.
2d do Wilkes, Iredell, Surry and
3d do.-Mecklenburg, Cabarrus and
4th do. Rowan, Montgomery ana1 Da-
5th do. Rockingham, Stokes and
6ih do. Randolph, Guilford and Chat
ham. 7th do. Richmond, Anson, Moore,
Robeson and Cumberland.
8th do Person, Orange and Granville
9th do. Wake. Johnston and Wvne.
10th do. Warren, Franklin, Halifax
I hh do. Bertie, Northamton, Hertford
and Martin -
12ih do. Pasquotank, Gates, Chpwsn,
Pcrquimons, Camden and Currituck.
ZZ JltKila BiauTotailLetoinborPrttr
W ashington,, i jml and Hyde.
14th do. Craven, "Greene, Lenoir,
Jones, Carteret and Onslow.
1 5 1 h do. -Bladen, Sampson, Columbus
Duplin, . New-Hanover and Brunswick
...... ..... .tNtj... ...-wgjj, J-jMf" :!