. sioncri, a route lor a canal.from the
AlV&hany to! the SusquehaJinah. In
addition to the importance of thisroute
,: to large portion of the West, and the
state ot PennsylvaniaU was thought
. , , to posWw other and trong claim on
" the attention of the government. It U
- - - KhVvI tn K nne of the most promts-
WVBVf.4 w- - - a
Inn rrimm wra frMft the Alltffhanv by a
. ' ,' canal communication, and should that
'! iii.'PAnmi nrove i mDracticable,
' it might afford the means of effectinff
;r the grea; object intended by the canal
' . projected by that route.
vvkM .fi'.'varioiii routes to which 1
1 . i.r pvamtned and SUr
4 nlart and estimate
TVIbWl Mtlt - -
,,. , j.r;iAi nf the
" act, h will present ioTuirrv'tetri)f The
hole tubject, at will enable Congress
to commence and complete such a sys
deemproprr.witiiuie greatest pi
Vlf 4ft ek.rtitafV-J '
. I conclusion, I have to remark,
that unrrit-nce has . shown.' that the
.Corps of Engineers is too small to per-
iorm tne various uuuh wuau -ienedto
it. Its duties has been more
than trrhlrl tince its establishment
ami arm .nraim(r tCTV VCr. " DUN
ing the present year much inconveni.
encehas been experienced for the want
o.a-jiiiffititnt juimjvx.of ,fiffi rr Sftti
- ---o ... r-
has been on active duty duting the sea
ton. ' .. ' c
1 have the honor to remain, your
' " J.C. CALHOUN.
To the PresiJcatof the United State.
TuftJay, January 4..tr. Eton pre
sented the petition of sundrr merchants
ui iiainviiic, i en. pray ing (ne imposjuon
of a duty of 10 per cent, on sale' auc
The renort of the commitire of claims
- alpiinst ihe- petition of Jacob Greeri'iof
was taken, up ana.greeito.
t, anVi.Mr. Benton presented petj-
linn frnm ik. InKiiktl.nl. ILH-kili m . I. .
m inack, in the. territory of Michigan, pray
ing th sstaWishment of a eprte terri
! toria) government, west of the Michigan
territory, and north of the state of llli
. nols j and, oh his motion, it was referred
"-Mr-lohftsoh, ofXentueky, moved that
the committre on .Military Affairs, to
whomlhe'resolutioh of the honorable gen
tleman from North-Carolina, respecting
' ibe Military Academy at West Point, had
' been referred, should be discharged from
tne lurther consideration oi it. I he com
" Tnitteerhe"said, after a careful investiga
tion, were satisfied that the present num
ber of cadets did' not exceed a reasona
ble complement. The resolution propo
sed to diminish the number, 260, down
to the number of representatives in the
other House i, but the inquiries of the
committee did not result in a conviction
;JhaJ Ijwas, necessary, or j xpedientlQdo5t
the resolufioh, and therefore brayed 16 be
dUcharaxd from further considering tt.' ":
Mr. Marnn laid that hrniHri the reso
lution which he had proposed he was of
- opinion inai measure oe uaen ior
breventln? the institution from crowine
nta a familu establuhment. A student
. lKr maw kmc a krnthr. anrt naturallv
desire to have his brother with . hi nj-
Thus might influence be exerted to con
fine to partic ular family "connexions the
-. benefit of an institution designed . lor the
general good of the whole United States.
Upon i this subject i m? remarked that he
had waited until the close of an adminis
tration, before he would offer the resolu
tion, but intended to offer a provision
against such abuses at some future period.
sa a. a.
.. . Air, Johnson, in reply, observea mat
the varantlei. were, alwava filled .uti ac
cording to the federal population ; nor
i . i ... f . , i ; .
. . xao uie commuicB jounaa single instance
of two brothers being admitted. The
annninimrnta were left in iha heads of
eprtes7Vho weWnbt only sub
ject to the censure of that body if they
" . .abused this trust, but responsible to the
whole nation. He moved that the sub
ject lie on the tablet which was carried
: : . . collection,
-Mr. Talbot asked and
introduce a joint resolution, 44 authorizing
rials of the Old Congress which was
7TMdofe?and passed to a secdnd reading,
-r-. Vu77. The Senate "did hot' sit to day.
-k-HOUSR; 0F REPRESENTATIVES.'''
offered yesterday bir Mr Ingham, was ta-i-kenunMpd
agreed vto -.in thw:fwjng
Jietohrd, That the President of the
, ., .United States be requested to lay before
i-::r.-; - Congress, so far as he may deem compat
ible with the public' interest, sny corres
pondence between ihe Executive depart-
- xnents of thia KoVernment and the officers
of the United States' navy, and other pub
lie agents, at or near the ports of South
America, on the Pacific ocean-, also w
pie of nr mcmomh or communicUons
which m hae been received from he
citizens of the United Stales, in region
to the violitlon of their neutral i by
either of th belligerent, ana n
sures adopted by the officers nd agents
if the United atmes, loriocir v"'"-
. . iinn ni Mr. i:onner. ii w
t...i... That ih committee on ro
Offices and. Port Roads be Instructed to
t ! ik. .niiincv oi esiauus"-
Inc a post route from Lincolnton North-
uarouns, u .v. . ----- - .
ville and.Mooresborougn, to nuiou.
i , - - - -
Van75TheToirowing resolution, oi-
fered vesterdsy, wasJaken p
. . . .L - tt
JkMAw&Tbst ,th !rrww B.,vflw
c.... h Mnueitad to commumcste to
Lhu House, If J)ot Incompatible with ihe
i.i.mo. thm dncumenit ana uru-
ceedings or tne ruvai twi
.u. .... r f . Unt. Weif er. latelr held in
r , M.i,,.l In
or near the city of New-York
. On motion me reoiuiiuuw .....w . ;
bv addine the words "and also ot "'lAild 24 tr cent, retslned os
m . . m..t (
The resolution was amended, anajnen
agreed to. ;. : ' r - . ,J
best Dart of this clay, on the "N'ugsrJ
Claims- bill and on the till for the pun
ishment of crimes.
uiii. That the committee on ln
Public tands be Instructed to Inquire and
rv. .tn.;hULliQVe, whether tne inter
est 01 the Vaovernuieni wouiu nut ue yru-
moted by the establishment of Roads and
Levees upon the public lands, specifying
sucll- as in their opinion would produce
that effect, by imparting to the public
lands an increased, value, proportioned to
the expense of conducting the same.
Jan. 7. On motion of Mr. Cook, it
.Retofved, That the committee on the
Judiciary be instructed to inquire into the
expediency of establishing one, or more
National Penitentiaries, for the confine
ment and punishment of persons ronvic
ted of offences against the United States,
to be located at such place or places as
shall be most convenient to the different
sections of the Union.
-. Jll Cook, in explanation of the obieet
- - , a - j
of his resolution referred to the Judici
ary bill now be fore, the House, which pre
sent some 40 or 60 cases for punishment,
wdncotitended for the necessity of adop.
ting some system, which, while it should
protect the community from criminal
depredations,- should, at the same time.
i.i.i iln. m Miiipt nijnl i - 1
severe lhan iat snHiciefinder the cxis
ting law. If the system he wished could
not be organised during the present ses
sion, he hoped this incipient measure be
TREASURY REPORT. ." ; '
Not havinir room, at this time, for the whok
of the report of the SecreUry of the Treasury,
we avail ourselves of the following abstract of
its principal items, from Uie National Journal
Puhhe Landt.Gl the Public Lands,
there were sold at the several Land Offi
ces, during the year 1823, 653,319 acres,
for the gross sum of 8850,136 so. i ne
gross amount received in 1823, for land
sold prior; tor tst j ply, .t 02 w was: t,
423...09 i making Ih.e 3tptl . DWunt wv
,l.Q98.5f9 35. --1 he expenses of sales,
in.-ii.Hinc commissions and aalaries, 871,-
r I niu.'"-D .
:i413-I-jUh repatmenisjior jaM
n.muit torn, was m.iaj aiiu wic
payments into the Treasury was-8916,
Durlnir the two first Quarters of .1824
the quantity soldi wss 357,160 acres for
wUdUbB-.groaa amount.receivea, wa-f
Moner s received for land from
Jan. 1, to June 30, 505,472 38
Incidental expenses of sales, 36,437 1 5
keoavments to bdividusls, " 493 77
Nett proceeds in first two qrs.
or 1824, 408,541 b
Amount paid into the Trcasu: .'.
ry in first two quarters, - 357,410 jo
Amount do. third quarter, 4 1 1 ,394 40
Tntal rtaid into the Treasury
.: Amount of Duties .which accrued en
Merchandise, Ice. of Bounties and Allows
ances on Salted Fish snd of Expenses 0
Collection, c. during the year ending
Duties on Merchandise,
do. Tonnage and light
money 88r896 10
.do. Passports 8c clearances.J?3"f 6,00
Debentures issued . , .4,553,603 TP
Drawback on domestic refi
spirits, 5,790 28
Bounties. and allowances,' v 487,644 58
Expenses of collectionr""- 723,54 99;
Nett revetnie "L:'Z:.iifto2ZQjQ
Pav ments ' made .into the
The following statement exhibits the
value and Quantities, ' respectively, of
Merchandise on which duties' actually ac
rmed durinir the vear 1823. fconsistinir
of the difference between articles paying
tho entitled to draw
back re-eiportel i) "d, lo. of.the nett
. t that ttkp. Frnm
duties on merchandiw. tonnage, passpons
mercii AiDiftK fn d
. ; ' M l 394.41a 23
l. nines j to ax
ft-:.-... 7703.152 do. 44.7 ' 15320 44
ias'lZ28M5ldo. 5.0i, 66422 56
Coffee i8,0wu oa. ' ; ; '-T'
t a .fi - A 449.740 DUS. Vi.V o,w w
oorar r"" . oon ma tin
c. ill oth
" , 9.764J92 05
Fom whh deduct, Buties rtfaiHUd, after da.
ductiiW therefrom duUes on roerchandiae, the
7- partiJlara of bick could aot be Mcertmined,
and difference of wlculiUoa ST fill
. . " .
T 12W59 13
Extra duty on merchandise inv
poVtod in foreign veissels r
Dictiminatiny duty on Frencll
Interest on bonds "
Storage rtceived .
I Dute on merchandue.
, 12,376 00
Deduct draft-bat; on domestic
refined sifcir . xnorted
Do. do. doiiett distilled spir
its do. j .
Expenses of colection
Nett'revente, per statement A.' 17,008,570 80
wines Imported during
tha mf iniinled to 1.730.105 Kallons,
the duty ulon which wss394,414 35.
na uine ren quauiiiwa t v .' -
68.307 t.lhni: Burpund. kc. 4,058:
Sherry and St; Lucar, 9,253; Usbon,
ODorio. atci35.74l i Teneriffe, Fayal.fcc.
I85frits ilaret, 70,795 r ail otners, r
XhlZirZ. The Snlrita tmnorted Was' 3,
7ft5. t t ; AUnn. flsvtmr ' a -dutt of g 1
655,326 43. from gram, oi in prooi,
there were 196,138 eallonsi 3d proof,
32.928 : Sd nroof. 40.280: 4th proof, l5i-
955pSih proof, 548 from other mate-
I P. . 1 M 1 0 JA. A A . 1 M .
riais, oi i si ana prooi, J !y""
3d oroof."hM206Tr4tproof, UVo,.
" - .r,"" -
7VaOf Teas there were of Bohea.
S85',864 lbs; Souchong, 1,593,114 j Hy
son Skin, 1 ,967,1 66 ; Hyson and Young
Hyson, 2,384,143; Imperial, 265,535 1
making a total imported during the year
1823fof 6,796,511 lbs. . '
iiMr. The Imports of Suear amoun
ted to 42,137,431 lbs. of Brown, and I.-
1 72,054 lbs. of White Clayed. "
Salt. The whole amount of Salt im
ported was 5,435,449 bushels.
1 Amount of American and Foreign Ton
nage, employed in the Foreign 1 rade ot
the United States, during the year end-
ing uecemner ', 103.
American Tonnage in Foreign Trade
Total Ton. employea in the roreign -
tnae 01 uie v. a. .. . ,ou,uj
Proportion of Foreitrn Tonnaee to the
wholes amount of Tonnage "employed in
the Foreign Trade of the United States,
7.3 to 104. 1
The Secretary concludes his report with the
fonowingobrvatioosj-, - -
It will be perceived, that, excltldine
the loans, the annual average.receipts, in
those years, msy be estimated at &-'r.
700.000 00 : and. unon the date already
shown, the annual rerenue, in subsequent
years, may also be estimated at 15a 1,5 w,-
0OO 00. Should no imnortant chance be
made in the existinsr national establish-
Dienis, iae orauiary annual cxcuuuuics,
exclusive of what mav be reauired for the
- g s
erection of fortifications, and the increase
of the Navy, may be estimated at about
813,500,000 00. 1 bus, after providing
ror, fjnejannuaTfletnMidi. !o1DtlJc:pP!yweut
of the orincinle and interest of the pub
lic debt, and for all the ordinary expen-
aex'Oi is Government, there wui remain,
for the next eleven years, an annual sur
plus of about 3,000,000 ; which, after
ther-BW wraBtTOfheeBrtrrtherT ear
1835. will receive an annual addition of
the 810,000,000 now appropriated to the
public debt: wmcn surpiusses may oe
annlied to such obiects. conductive to the
common defence .and general welfare of
the nation, as may be . within the consti
tutional powers oi Congress, and as they,
in their wisdom, may deem proper.
' All which is respectfully submitted.
- TiYrmfL- CRA Vf FORK-
.Taautrav OsaTaaaT.; t..,,v. n-j r-w--:-.'."'-.w.'.
December 31, 1824.
J Trance, though not the native land of
the vine," hasfat Ihe 1 present day," almost
four million acres devoted to Us cultiva
tion. I he average production of these
immense vineyards, is about one thousand
million gallons i and the whole annual
valucof their vintage about 1 25,000,000.
OUR MEMBERS Of CONGRESS.
All who value the principles of our govern
ment cannot but look with rreat solicitude, to
the course that our members of Congress will
pursue whan they are called upon to vote Tor
nt Preaident. . KOI SO wuw
of the reault of the election ltwlf, u to the Im
portant principle involved in their action. 1 be
. v Man of our reoubitcsn wuiuuu.
the rtpnuntad pincipU Tht people on ac
vvaw ea.j ---
count of their numbers, cannot asaerooie
V- - A- iu! direct WHc affairs, be-
wwsaevva JavM W jsy - O t
IV SIUIU saa w
condensing themselves into a smaller eompasa.
This plan it by rejtrt$entaltm. , ine peopia
.v tm mt in jConrress for what
purpoM t To carry into effect, the wuhes of
their constituents 1 w uo wuat uwy, .w Yr
themselves would do, were they present, then,
.,! there actlns and dome for themKives-
wk. k.n r.n hemr without solicitude, that cer-
Uia of our "members of CongreM, declare their
determination to trample on this fundamental
nniu.tnla of our rovernment 1 and treat with
contempt, the voice and wiabes of the people
f NorthXIarolina-their eonsUtuenu r 11 wey
do-iti-wilr it-W fhothat ihtjiaeLat
naught the will of their constituents, and that
they priie the leading principles ot our coij.u
tution, less man tlielr engaKrts to .ti.cs f
It is said by some ot their confidential corri.p
A.nt. that after the first baflot, they will come
over and vote for the man who Is the favorite of
KnHhXarollnai but. we aak, does this double
em na alter the principle of their conduct in
theleaitf Tbey finfendeavor to cary into effect
the decree of the caucus but, finding this im
practicable, thev then tura round and anpport
the wishes of the people 1 mat is, uo p?opw
r ' . ....... r,--
wishes are placed second to their owai tne
nriiinleU finttramnlea oif, and, then, with an
ill grace, h takea ep out of the dust, ana ec-
r r . .....
The orinciph at stake is worth more than the
mtion. who shall succeed t and, it will be well
f the neoole to look to it with a watchful ey e.
Rntfee rarvernmentthave never been destroyed
b meav violence t their wiSLW . ?" SSVaT?'
.. .. , L.
about by one encroachment after another 1 their
aCIllS w uuiu aaiara f - f
I another, until all were lost In this government
permit the agents ofj peopl
to trample 6n thc rinci6fc trfmeiiotta, ana
.oon eItt to aee the n'" "
eoveninmn mL,nrv w. Ann, ancl re.
pubucaniam leave our shore for some purer
clime. Let the people then be awake 1 for the
principle at auk ia even of more importance
than who shall be President.
TOTIXO li PB0JIES in CAUCUS t
' In the late Conmnional Caucus two mem
bers of Congress appeared in that meeting by
proxy, and voted by proxy. A peer of the On
tisb Parliament can make another Lord of Par
liament, ha proxy to vote for him in hia absence 1
but. in this country, nothing of the kind has ever
before occurred under our constitution 1 a voter
who lies sick in icht of the polls, cannot send
in his vote by proxy 1 but, under the usasres of
caucus, ui member rCongresi be out oljM
country, (as wu actually the case with CoL Tat
nal. be may vote in Caucus by proxy, ine
Peers of King Caucus are thui approaching the
Peers of King George, in some-ot Uieir higtt
In the House of Representatives, on the 6th
president or the united states, wu received :
To the Senate and House of
HrniYvntativei of the U. States :
As the term of mv service In this hieh
trust will expire at the end of the present
session 01 congress, 1 mum 11 prupci v
invite your attention to an object very in
tereatinir to me. and which, in the move
ment of our Government, la deemed, on
nrfncinle. etiuaflv interesUDGT to the Pub-
he. I have been long in the service ot
r . - j -- ,
my country, and in its most dithcult con
iunctures. as well abroad as at home, in
If, in the. course of my. service, it . shall
appear.' bn the "most severe scrutiny,
which I invite.Xhal tht public have sus
tained any lossby any act of mine, or of
oibersJbr which. 1. oughLJa beJeld-ei.
sponsible, 1 am willing to hear it. ' If, on
the other hand, it shall appear, on a view
of the law, and of precedents in other ca
ses, that iustice has been withheld from
me; in any IrtstinreTas I have believed ft
to be in many, and greatly to my injury,
it is submiued whether itjpught no to be
rendered. It ls my wTsTilhat"alf roaners
of account and claims, between my coun-jTT..and.-wy4elW
regard to. just we whichls observed in let?
tlements betweenrndTviduals"in private
life. It would be gratifying to me, snd it
appears to be just, that the subject should
be how examined, in both respects, with
a view to r decision-hereafter.' No bill
would, it is presumed, be presented for
my signature, which would operate cither
for or against me, anil I would cei tainly
sanction none in my favor. While here,
I can furnjbh' testimony! appplkallc to' '
any case, in both views, which a full In
vestigation may require j snd the commit- "
tee to whom the subject may be referred,
by reporting facts now, with a view to a
accision aucr iu inuminiiiwiii auow
time for further Information, and due,'
consideration of all matters relating there
to. Settlements with a person in this
trust, which could not be made with the '
accounting officers of the government,
snoum always ob "u vj vwiircn,
l fl.im. ..Ill .
lay in prcicnu"5 n'v win 09 ex
rvi,.inoH tn the committee to wh
subject may oe reierrsu 11 wui, 1 pre
. a f..uJ f !ts
sume,oe maae apparent mm u was inevi
table! that from the peculiar circumstan-
... l.ntlnir each CSSe. ConPTl alnna
, jtouJidy e -OA H i ni Uvktooiaii-
eratione of deitcacy wouia nave been"
MghlyJmproperforwie to jsvt sought te
from'ngre an-earJier period than
that which H now' proposed--4he expirs
tion of my term in this high trust. Oth
er considerations appear to me to operate
i,k rt force. In favour of the measure
which I now propose... . A citizen who his
long served hie country, in its highest
trusts, has a right, if1e has served with
fidelity! ttenjoy tiodUturbed tranquillity,
and peace in his retirement. This he
a a a a
cannot expect to 00, unless nis conduct,
ia all pecuniary concerns, shall be placed,
by severe scrutiny, on basis not to be
shaken, v This, tneretore, lorms a strong
motive with me for the inouiry-whieh I
a a a a
now invite. 1 he puonc may also derive
rnnahlerable advantage from the prece
dent, in the future movement of the gov-
1 . f.t--:L. . .1... l.
liay was made in my case, it may forma
new and strong barrier against the' abuse
of the public confidence in future;
Washington, 5th Jan. 1825. .
Oar readers, we prtnime, have not forrotten
the diKuwons which' a ere had a year or two
since, relative to- the merits of the officers U
were enpurediilbe battle 0LK1.POlI0u.ntun,..
during the Revolutionary war : and a we lent
onr columns to that discussion, we feel that v
ought to afford every explanation of the subject
Vtch mav ' appear, a fair Chance .to pcconie
generally known, we givehe following letter
from the Raleigh Kegister, a puce m ewpr
Jta DfKanct. 24A uv. 1823.
n.a Sim Soma time seo, I saws
puhlicadon of "ome private letters which
sbould have passea oeiwccn mo ie uut
ernors Shelby and Sevier, respecting the
baisM at King's Mountain, whl'-h an-
Mared to reflect me disgrace on UI.
Campbell, contrary to any tntng 1 ma
ever heard before, or believed to be true.
Since that time ! saw the animadversions
of Mr. Preston, the grandson of Colonel
Campbell, and also the reply oi taeute
Governor "Shelby, Which publications
caused tne considerable crief to find (at
so distant a period) any thing published,
. . .t.
inai migm 111 any manner laruisu mo
reputation of any of the gentlemen above
mentioned, as aome of them have made
their exit to the regions of bliss, where
T Tiope ihey wlttnairMcelve-everlasinp
rewards for their patriotic heroism; inJ
in the meah time, their posterity and fcl-
i. low.-cifdxenji ght L tomtrmembexJl!1'
Livinc rrovHlciivc, at mm itivn vi "-.
arid eventful crisis.: Vith everlasting gnti'
IN! ! tl . . .1... mmm.. r-.A
tudel particularly as the cojmplete yicto-,
ry obtained tn that battle appeared 10
rhanir ih asnect at our warfare, until
1 - ,
we obtained tne glorious oojeci wt-nw-
In that eamoalen. 1 did not make much
neraonuL acnuaintanca with Col. Shelby,
andrerscity. .l think, perhaps, by having
do writing to rcircsn nis memory,
not given some of the Olhcers woo com
manded in that battle, all the credit they
were entitled to, and he has ehd misrep
resented the position of our troops at the
commencement of the attack. :
Col. Shelby say s, bur plan was to sur
round the mountain, and attack the enemy
on all stdesrfwhkh is eoreCt.V "And h
. . ... , -!
says that Col. Campbell's regiment
his own" composed Ihe centre; and in
I ha ri trHl winrr nf pnlumn WSS led Df
left by Col. Cleveland and Cel. Wiiwm.
by which we ifi'ouldlundfrit'andrt 0
rmy was formed in only, three eoiun.
when, in fact, we were formed in low
j t.u ivinaton . alone
byiuwuij ey gigjY1 u.
iwnose csycriciivv aim
known) commanded the right, and not
Maj. Winaton and Col. SevUr, as men
i n ck.iK.v nubhcation
lIUIIVU III Vu . MIISIWJ I . 1 .
wnicn wuum urrouaic iiy r. . .
part of Ihe honor, they werej enUtlea to
.i .nilln front o
v-ui. vicvci.hu iiiiihiiuv ....
tte leTFoTumnVihdheihero "
1 J S I 111.
Hams snd his troops were attacneu
Ithttimvm totamn werexomnwg
I by Cor; Sbelby knd. Col SevtefvfW
Campbell ! having been ""rj"
with the chief "cbnimarid Of rte wbale,
stated by Gov. Shelby, ' ... nl.m.
Gov. Shelby is mistaken Vs othe DUue
ber of men that went to the battle,
says he started with 910 men, M
joined by Col, WilUam.th b jve
5ic. As very lew men