...i; -I ...... .
SALISBURY, N. C.....TUESDAY, DECEMBER 4, 1827.
y ',0 W HITE.
The terms of Ihe Western Carolinian are, $3
per nniift or &2 50, if baidjn arwiic....but
payment in kUTiuicc iu pc require" irwi mi
aubscrlbcra at a distance, who are unknown to
"the Editor, unless tome responsible person -of
til acquaintance guarantee the payment.
plojiaper discontinued, (except at the option
":!if the .Editotfcwrtll. all arrearages- are paid.
'Arlverrhrtnantf will be marled af fifty oenti
crjai'lW!'4 insertion, and twentyi
"' Alt letters IMftnti tether Editor, must bej
put-paid, or they may not 1 attended to,
Have in part recelve'dtlieir FALL' 8UPPLT ofl
THE whole of which ia expected to arrive
during tha ensuing week, which they offer
to their frit nds and the public in general, lni
for CJSff. Their work will consist in part of
the ft llowinp
ffY'fhrfi. New-Oi leans, 6!. Croix and Porto
4vl ;(xu iirars,
25 bbls louf ii d lump do.
40 hi d prime Ijiguyra Coffee,
JO bag. Mountain St. Domingo d.
5 do. Pepper,
50 pit-ces eoltnn flagging, 42 inches,
35 coil hale Rope,
1 box choice Cavejidish Tobacco,
75 bb's apple Kraridy-.-SS do. live Wh'nkey,
10 do. . K. Hum 10 do. American din,
5 hhds Jamaica Spirits,
3 da. Antigua Hum 1 do. ?hrub,
6 pipes oldUog'c. llraudy, fax unit brandi,)
3 do. old BcViedjm (,in,
5 nuar caiks TenerifTe, "
5 dodo. Sherrv, ".
apjpe old v'tituxir- -
8 half pipes sweet Malaga,
10 do. quar. ciiki do. I
2 qiiar. casks old fort, J
" 8 boxes Irrme'wt - w-.,'-:-'"';; - t-
y ' Latist iJiroarjitioT,
6 do. Ci. Powder,
4 do.. Hyson,
. 1 hod. Copperas.
1 ceroon Kengid Indigo, ri packages of f rum
- 3J toelbs. each,
JO kegs Orang- Powdt r.
1 box Mus'ard (for family use)
, 5 boat s spei w- tarulles, .
5 cssks clioico Gothen Ch'e,
1 cak Rpom Sshk, (warranted genuine)
10 kega ground Ginger,
1 bbl. !'hiladelph'u Starch,
50 bags Shot, aworted Numbers,
101 in whuli, hulf and quarter boxes fre'h M
laga Raisins, warranted free, and well
worthy the attention of families,
18 tona snorted Swedes Iron,
1000 buhel Liverpool Stt.
With many other articles in their line.
.M kind of I'tuntrif Produce taken in paimtnt,
10c.sses of WOOL H ATS,
9 do. fine fur do.
4 do,.woot and cotton Cards,
13 pieces twilled negro Cloth,
-. 10 reams wriiinp Paper, -
Knives and forks, butchers knives, shoe knives,
aingle and double bladed'pen and pocket knives,
?ad locks, stock locks; gun lock?, trunk locks.
Ott hinges, wood screws, hore- Plfama, nail
and spike gimlet', table apion, Vad faucett!,
aheep shears, keyhole, tenant and hand saws,
claw hammer?, club and cooper's axes shing
ITng hatchets, post and yankte coffee mills,
hovels and tongs, steel yards, poll chains, tcrew
augers, gouges and chiwels, che?t hinges, shoe
pincers and rasps, curry combs, taw mill files,
.cow hide. whips platedl.spjr?.razora.ahaving
Soxes, spectacles ami eases, bUck. lead animate
pencil, P.nglwh aUtta lui.e. ktip,..Uerniau,
Engnh and -ca8u-e, eainftf trace achaini,
tilacksmith's hammers, he . fce. l.c.
Well worthy the utt'-ution of Country Mer.
chants'as tlTev wi'I bc 'sold low TorYa hto t!oe
a consignment. HOltl ONS & MUTTON.
FayttteviUe, f cfAr 23, 18 J7. 90tf
Ts the Ihturallt th Central dumbly AsrM
Gtumntii t-Th revolutlori of. an
other vesr hat si?en birth lo no aensible
variation . in our political inaiitutionj.
uaefa!nea, you have Igsin assembled to
dunn jr thia periorT, and the abundant char
acter of our product ions, are blrfsiniri
flo'winV from the Author of wrjr god
rtd perfect gift,M which merit -our- Rrate-
r r ir.'l " - - -
iui ann unieigneu inanct.
Thif nefTrfetrr firosperity: is
Kloomily chequered with the'perunury
embarrassment, so prevalent in ourcoun
try. The farility of Iwrrow'ine money
since the 'establishment of the Banks, an
uncont rotable thirst of speculation, (which
may be regarded as its natural conse
quence,) and the depressed stJte of our
staple commodities, are assigned by some,
as the rsttsea of this effect. The pecu
iar itustion of our commerce, which
enables the adjoining States to become
either the temporary or permanent re
reptacles of cur circulating medium, at-
ended with the vexatious end loitine
concomitant of its being under the mar
ketable velur, and the more recent,
though perhaps not less burthensome
'subject of the Tariff, are causes assigned
by others. 1 he want of individual indus
try and economy have doubtless had an
UDsive. jnfluenre far any or aH
of these causes come within Legislative
control, and what remedy, if an, should
J be applied, can b decided by you alone
i ne alteration oi ne i stui, coniempM
ted by the u Woollens Bill, would, (.'dm
late circumstances, seem to invite pe
ai to Induce you tealotislyto prottctit
thia work. Could these lands generally
be reclaimed the advantage) resulting to
the farming Interest oi the Stater from
the addition of such, to (mriense body of
arable lands, would be incalculable. 1 o
the benevolent, and philanthropic no un-
demkjntr voutd be erescbted so acceD'-
ble as one proposing to diminish the
a iruiuui aource or uiseaserwna cwivcn
ing curse into blesaing. To the le
gislator it must be consoling to know,
that -while-ben irr thrs war rpreventi-the
parual depuiation or
the aame time, crtaiing Ihe most irnple
and permanent provision for the ettoca
ion of the poor o. the rising generation
Did the subject hold out no other advan
tsge, this of itself would entitle it to deep
attention and untinng.ezertion. ror up
on the education of the generation now
growing up, and those who wil! come af
er, dependa in a great messurt, the con
tinuapce in their purity, ol our happy
forms of Government. It is at once the
source of public and private respectabili
y, me spring oi social ana individual nap
piness let, with all the advantages
which must inconlestibly flow from re
Liming the swamp lands and a system
of free schools, they are both in danger
of Uiling, from the failure of the provis
ion upon which both were meaaurdblr
based : In thrir aid, the last Legislature
authorised the Board of Internal Improve
?y.PJi,'n,L J-!?. Prestlent and Directors
of the Lfterarv Fund, resp'ecTivelr'r.td
ram bv way of lottery, 0.000 dollars,
and allow them to sell the privilege- Af
re I a fir experiment ii has' been found
impossible to- procure a purchaser. , With
1 on ir Ternains to make such other and
culiar and prompt attention. In opposi further 'provisions, as shall seem best eal
THE subscriber being about to remove from
this pari of the country, takes this method
to request those to whom he may be indebted,
to prrscrt their accounts for payment! and
gives "notice 'is i unindebted to him to make im
mediate payment, a no further indulgence will
be given than three weeks advertisement in the
Western Carolinian ; after w hich, Lis accounts
will inditcriminatetv be put in the bands of an
Onicer tor collection.
I also offer for sale, for cash, (and cash only)
m STOCK of GOODS,
Dry Goods ,
Crockery Warey and
at cost and carriage. Persons wish ing for good
bargains, will do well to take this opportunity
to provide themselves, as I am determined lo
eiowe hwincaa ia ihia place.
(ion to ihe proposed hera:ion, a highly
respectable portion of the talent, learning
and experience of an uclioinintr ' tote ha
been exerted. '.So comptctcly identified
arc our interests, situation and produc
tions, that what is so interesting to them
cannot surely be matter of indifference
to us. And the dignity and interest of
the State alike require that North Caro
lina should not be silent.
To create and sustain w'nhin our own
State, one or more commercial depots,
which, through lines of easy, direct and
cheap intercommunication, should con
nect the extremities of the country to
gether ; serving to keep the circulating;
medium, the very life-blood of com
merce, in a continual and healthy flow
throughout our own body po1hitthereby
destroying tha! injurious and unfortunate
dependence upon out sister Slates, (one
of the principal causes alluded ta uUive)
has been the ardent wish ami ansrons de
sire of every enlightened file fid of the vate.
In the prosecution of this subject, much
has been attempted, much has been ex
pended, and but little has hitherto been
done. In the conflict betwceo (lie preju
dice! -naturally-flowing from - sectional
feelings and ibe correr t reason of the case,
culaied to attain objects id desirable.
IV hethcr the practice of some State of
granting exclusive privileges to the pur
chasers' of lotteries sold by such States,
hy totjlly prohibiting the sale of tickets
in r.ny other loiters, would render the
privilege offered for sale, by this State
more valuable, or whether any other can
be resorted to, are subjects which may
deservedly claim your attention.
In reference to our Judiciary, I hope
to be excused in again calling the atten
tion of the Legislature to the prcaent
mode of compensating prosecuting of
ficers. The public interest and the due
end impartial administration of justice
alike requite that the most efficient tal
cuts, should be secured. This can only
be done by offering- such compensation
as will amply reward the toils and exer
tions Of The 'officer; To destroy any un
due bias, and render, the administration
of justice in our Courts completely Im
partial, this compensation should be fixed
and certain, and not dependent upon the
issue of the trial. It is a subject of great
importance, and cannot fail to secure for
itself your serious consideration.
By a resolution of the last General As
feed in the law, after these gentlemen for the purpose of announcing to th
had made considerable progress In the Senate an event which ere this time mast
discharge of their several duties, it was have reached individually the ear of ever
found necessary to discontinue their ope Member of the Motive. It is the death of
rations and await he determination of your that venerable public terrant John Hay
hrinoursbte body. "The correspondence wood, Eaq. who for the Taat forty years
upon this and a collateral subject, togeth- has stood at the head of, the Treasury;
tr. witb.ihe advice of tbe . Council of State, Department of this State! This ia no
ho we re consulied, ire herCwith'tram (im'd nor ptaire to eulogise the merits it-
mined, and respectfully submitted to the dead. That faithful nubile servant.
resolution of the same. Session, in re-1 God," is ' eorie to that undiscovered
ferrnce to the fee, simple held by ihe country, from whose bourne no traveller
State-in the-Tuscerora Und,-notk waa returns".- He rhaVVahvedTbV'i'wUcbV-
W'IRJq Jher.papetikTp'UhUaUdwiiibii ,MMsVM'towaitY?i iisvJtlesv-.-
lace that proposals would be received. I.Mr. Speaker, pay a due tribute of respect
u, iw .vcmn,t, jWr .u (Juii.iao ui i io nis memory. N . juci ine legislature or
said right. No proposals have yet been North Carolina express those sentiments
received, either from the lessees of said which every honest roan in the State will -
lands or others. I respectfully refer you feel on this mournful occasion, lie held
to the report made bv Dr. S. J. Baker, in his hand a series of resolutions which
VV'm. R. Smith and Wm. Britton, Esqrs. he asked leave to present to the consider-
Commiasioners appointed by the resolu ation of the Senate as a small tribute of
lion, to make .an appraisement and the respect to his memory,
survey of the lands, for information on The following are the resolutions,
these points. k which were unanimously adapted
During the last Summer, the unexpect- Jtc$olved, That this House deeply de
ed and lamented death of Col. Haw plore the loss the public has sustained in
kins, late Comptroller, a faithful snd ef the death of John Haywood, Est), tha
ficient officer, caused me to convene the long tried and faithful Treasurer of thsj
Council of State, who advised the appoint- State.
mrnt of J no. L. Henderson, Esq. of Salis fietotved, At s token of (he deep re
bury. With you it remains to make a j sped we feel, and the great affection and
permanent appointment. veneration we have for the character1 and
It has also become mv painful duty, to virtuea of (he deceased, that the Members
announce to you the death of that excel of this House, with the Speaker at their
lent and venerable man, John Haywood, bead, attend his funeral, in procession at
Esq-." " late "Treasurer of -tlits-Aaie"To the hour' of three o'clock this afternoon i : .' '
attempt to recount his many virtues, would I and (hat we wear crape on the left arm dur-
lar exceed ihe limns ol this communica- ing the remainder of the session.
tiQri-." re- ftfiottrdf That'th'fsHaose sbrkin from " '
proach and without a stain his integri-. any further business during this day ; and
ty- unquestioned and his' i ward, was that S committee of five Members be up-,
(he unlimited conhdence of his fellow -ti- poinied, to join a like xomraittee on the
tizens, enjoted for more thjn forty years, part of the Commons, to confer with tho
That Notih Carolina had, at the head of farrfilv, and make suitable arrsnpemnt
her l'inancisl Department such an indi- for the procession to the tomb of the de-
vidual, was justly lier, pi iiie and boast.-- J ceased.. .
It remains with you to supply the vacan Messrs. Speight of Greene, Jones', Vt-
cy, which this( melancholy event has oc- son ol Edgecomb, Love and Riddick were
casioned. appointod the said committee on the Dart
The resignations of Justices of the of the Senate.
Peace and Militia Officers, are herewith The Senate then adjourned until 3
transmitted. o'clock this afternoon.
n a few days, my constitutional term Tuctduy cternoon, 1 o'clock. Mr.
of service will terminate. Permit roe to Speight, ol Orecne, from the Committeo
say, on this occasion, that I shall ever appointed to confer with the family of the
cherish, with lively gratitude, the contin hue John Haywood, Esq. and make suit-
ued confidence reposed in, and the friend ble arrangements for the procession to
v indulgence exercised towards me, on ,De om ' i"1 deceased reported,
the part of your honorable body ; and to 1 h,t ,he procession for the interment
oi Jonn iiaywooa, ruoiic i reasurer of
the energies ofllhx!":Srait hate
mosi paisieo anf ner-anemp' renuereT j thhrc apiiucauuu w wi nun uovern
comnarativelv abortive The want ol ; mcnt for liberty to procure such mate.ri
svstematic arrangement, and the failure al as were' in their possessierf; relaring
to select one or more points, combinine the colonial history of ibis State. In
express, a hope, that it may, in some de
gree, have been jneiited by a faithful "and
coiiMicncious discharge of the Executive
duties. If 1 have failed in aught, it is
ascribable to the errors of Judgment ;
for I feel assured of having acted with so
" eye single' to the welfare and prosper
ity of the Stale. That. your, exertions
may be successfully directed to the best
interests of our common country, is (he
sincere wish of,
' Gentlemen, yours,'-with high consider
ation and respect V
"ExeeUtti I)rpnrtmmt,-is C, -
21f .Veirm(T, 1HJ7.
I will also dispose of my
consisting of an elegant
Teh-Plate Cooking Steve,
Beds, Tables, Chairs, fcrV .
Asking and Confectionary Moulds and Tool?, of
all descriptions ; Glass Jars, tic. he.
Any person wishing to be instructed in the
Baking, Dhtilling, or Confectionary buiuess or
""iny-W tfieff branches,-will be taught taea mod,-"raJe"prlerr:-.r
JS5?::lfer It. I will pay ihe highest pnte 4ncah,
for a quantity of GOLD. W. C.
eMvtlje Tiu Stowes, &c.
TIIF. subscribers manufacture and keep on
hand, as usual, an extensive assortment of
Marble Tablets, and
which they will furnish with neatness and des
patch. KUBKKTS k SWEKTLAND.
t;lcraB, ,Vn. f, 1827i t9
the greatest variety of interest, upon
which the accumulated energies of the
State might have been thrown with irre
sistible effect, has been the source of al
most total ruin to our system of Internal
mprovements. ith the information
gained by an experience somewhat dearly
purchased, and which must go far to des
troy many of the theories previously
adopted, we will he enabled to progress
steadily and successfully. So very famil
iar has this subject become to your hon
orable body and the public at large, and
so frequent has been its discussion, that
little rcmbins to be said upon it, in a gen
eral view. In another communication,
the details of the progress made'during
the past year, will be.pre.scnied lo you.
Connected with this system, is a sub
ject, in which it is expected every sin
cere fi lend of his country will take a
d t epJn t ere st. I refer to the draining and
reclaiming of our swamnand marshlands.
This work has already been commenced,
in a manner highly creditable to your
predecessors. They AUTHOMstn the
Board of Internal Improvements, to em
ploy surveyors to make the necessary ex
amination -of certain swamps, whose lo
cality was specified, preparatory to the
commencement, of .this important work.
Two. '.W'-'Mrr'Nishrftigjilf 'Te
and sk'di in bis profession, and Mr. Bra
are well, known, have been engaged du
ring the greater part Xf the past Summer
and Fall, in. making surveys, 'drafting
pTatts, and collecting the information re
quired. All of which will be communi
cated to you more at large. It is sincere
ly, desired that the result of the investiga
tion which you may bestow upon the la
bours of these gentlemen; may bt such
compliance wi;h this resolution, I ad
dressed a letter to Mr. Gallatin, through
the Honorable H.Clay, who with prompt
ness and that urbanity for which he is
distinguished, immediately attended to it,
and had the communication forwarded
Mr. Oallatin gave the application his
zealous and efficii nt support. That it
was met with great liberality of feeling
on the part of the British authorities, will
appear from the following eitract, taken
from Mr. Gallatin's letter, and the cor
respondence and documents herewith
transmitted "I received in June last
through the department of State, a letter
from ihe Govenor of North Carolina, en
closing a resolution of the General Assem
bly of that State, and requesting me, in
conformity therewith - to -apply ..to., the
British Ge vernment, for leave (o procure
copies of such documents, in the public
offices here, as relate to the Colonial his
toryof North-Cafotinar-1 found hrivery
quarter the most liberal disposition on
that subject. Not only the leave was
granted; but the Board of Trade bad an
index prepared of all the records that
had reference lo the Province of North
Carolina, in order that the State might
point out those documents of which
copies should be wanted, and i now trahs
mit inynwer io-he.-GomBorT-enclo;,
sing the inelit bthef paperi fetifiv
to the subject. V- in compliance with an
Set, of the ;-jhjs, ;wior; preKribwg the
mode of surveying and selling -the lands
lately acquired Irom the Cherokee Jndi
ans," Gen. Thomas Love, of Haywood,
Col. C D. Donoho, of Caswell, weie ap
pointed Commissioners, and Matthew
Baird, Esq. of Burke, the Principal Sur
veyor. The appropriation, made by the
Legislature, for this purpose, proved in
sufficient. To th" cause arid icveralde-
Monday, Aov. 19, 1827 A quorum
being present, the members qualified and
took their seats.
On motion of Mr. Wilson, of Edge
comb, Bartlett Yancy, Esq. was unani
monsly chosen Speaker.
On motion of Mr. Love, of Haywood,
James W. Clark was appointed Clerk.
On motion of Mr. Shersrd, the Senate
proceeded to the election of the Assistant
Clerk, when, on the third balloting, Sam
uel F. Patterson was elected. State of the
In. Halting. "2d. BuHotintr. od. Bo!!orirj.
9. F. I'atterson 17 - -1
M M. Millar 8 10 7
K. W. C-oodmsn U 9 7
C. 6tedmsn 8 9 8
W. M. Sneed 5 J- -
A. R. Ruffin 3
H. H. Hehne - 1 ....
Qnmotion of Mr. Vanhook, Thomas
B. Wheeler was appointed Door-keeper ;
and, on motion of Mr-Gray, Robert Ray
Assistant Door keeper.
Tuetday, Aov. 30 Received from the
House of Commons, a messsge, agreeing
to the proposition of this House, to ap
point select a committee to wait on the
Governor and inform him of the organi-zadon-oDhe
two Houses. Messrs. Hsw
kln4 ind Shober-were then eppomted the
committee on the part of the Senate. -r-A1sxi't"'iJes88ge'froni
the other house,
select committee to prepare Rules of Or
der for the regulation of the intercourse
between the two Houses ; which proposi
t , St i ..
was oirreeu to, ano incssrs- "WCn,
North Carolina, will form on the public
square east of the 'Slate House, maich to
the late dwelling-of the deceased, and
there join the family relatives and friends
of the deceased, and, in ibe following or
der, return to the Presbyterian Church to
attend a funeral discourse : thence in tho
same order return to the place of inter
ment : '
Ordrr of Procetuon.
1. The corpse, with three pall-bearers on each
("side;"- '-' .,".''" ; " '. '
I he family .and relatives of the deceased.
The reverend Clergy.
' HS EsceHehcy the ttovernora IJesdirlDf '
i S. '-I U Judical OfuRars of the State.
6. The Speakers of the Senate and Home of
7 The Committee of Arrangements.
8. Members of the Senate and Clerks.
9. Members of the Commons and Clerks.
10. Officers of the two Houses.
11. Citizens and Strangers.
Keiofved, That Gen. Thomas Levi,
Gen Alexander Gray and Col. Willi Kid
dick, of the Senate ; and Col. Joseph Gil
lespie, Col. Daniel Glisson and Col.
Enoch Foy, of the Commons, be reques
ted to act as Fall Bearers
Resolved ', Thai the Pie v. Doctor Mc
Pheeters be requested to perform tho
funeral obsequies at three o'clock this af
ternoon. Retolvcd, That Gen. Boverly Daniel bo
requested to act as Marshal of the day.
The report was concurred in ; and then
the Senate adjourned to 10 o'clock to
Wcdnedaif)j'.v. 21. A message from
the other llouc, proposing lo ballot for
three Engrossing Clerks ; which proposi
lion was agreed"T6a ndM es&rir William S
Spaight of Craven, and I'ickeit were ap
pointed the committee on the part, of the
Mr. Speight, ofOre?t1r, M, be-rrym
of Marlin and M'Millan were appointed
superintendants of the balloting on the
part of the Senate.
Mr. Hawkins, from the committee ap
pointed to wait on the Governor, repor
ted that his Excellency ..would .make a .
communication to the Legislature at 12
o'clock this day.
::j(Jti: .raTHfonvof .M
... Jtrt9lv.zdTha t the Speaker of the
Senate assign suitable places Tn the "Sert-"
aTrChsrnber fo -one wr jnpre -nogra--phcrs
for this session.
Received from the House of Commons,
a message from the Governor, with u pro
position (o have tbe'roessage printed, one
copy for each Member; which propor
tion was concurred in.
On motion ol Mr. Pickett, the follow
irnj statidmg Cbtnmittccs were appoio'sfd ;