North Carolina Newspapers

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8ALTSBUHY, N. C...TUERT) AY, i JANUAft Y 29, .828.
jy PttlLO wutTR. I
Tin term of the Weatern tarftKnian ere, flJ
par annum or 2 SO, ifbidJin Mrf....but
paymmt In advance will be required from all
ubaeriher at a d'utanee. who are Unknown to
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No paper discontinued, (ex ep( at the option
of the Editor) until alt rrri.rif are P;,V
- Arivortiarmrnt !)! ha IillCrtrd It fifty .Cent
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cent tor eaeii siioteqwenj wnw. . , -'
AH letter 1lreMtl to (he Editor, mutt be
p-i-finid, or they mar nof of Ittenood to.-'
fl EN fi AUK DEUS' ADDUE5B u."
Ge. p. Hi faunae r i .
Hit t Tlit commSttto of arranre merit of.
fir too their raencetful eemplimenta, and ex-
.a a i . ! .1
rtM trie mgn orgrte or pleasure wnicn iney
It In bf'uir prrtent at Iho vary able and patri
otic addrtM which you delivered on the 8tit of
' January. For the purpnee of firm circulation
t sentiment to congenial with the feeling of
erery American, we k a copy for publication.
Tour RMMt oat. a.-nrif,
T. 0. , P. HVte,
J- Knmd, S, Rent,
i D. JUteuon, L, MiuKtS.
, - '
SuKiittnt. .fan. 1 5A, 1 8 28.
Gimiiiti I am faeotcd by the receipt of
yur note of thi datei and herewith furmth,
.agreeably to your requeet.a copy of the add-cat
delivered in celebration of the 8th J4nnary.
Tou will pleaae accent tnv mpectfal acknoal.
cdeeaU for the friendly approbation of the
acbarg of the duty aaaijrned roe.
. Very respectfully,
R. M. SAUNDEH3
'.TV Tim. O. PUr, Junitet Sittett
Dun'L MetnaK, I'kil liVu,
Sam'L Heart, Luttt AKttMt,
. .- twiHimiiill - "
. Vtfotf-Ci'rzfnt : Tnirteen yert htte
elapttd tince the oerurtence .f that
ent, to- tnemonble in (he liUtory of
4BUtxjtoti'tiit w-coodocue-to ui. honor
.anc lit cnaracitr, woicn we nave tnu iy
ejaaeinbled to commemorate. It it not to
pt JiOintge (o kin or !rtpots. to re-
- jokt at HtexMnn oi -a aovcreiKn pnncc
rot h it to hail a Ccr rturniiip in tri
Lv-JBniph from (he Geld of banle, or to offer
our frecunKt for the iucccm of one
' jnaster ocr the downfall of another;
lbete hioj we leave to thoae whoe dra
tiny lif placed them under a different
orm of (jot eimment : But we have aaem
Jbled in the character of freemen, on the
yearly return of thit day, to exprett our
lhaoki and our gratitude to thote who, on
Ibe field of battle, to nobly and to gallant
... If defended ("'" country' toil, and gave
victory to her arm. " "'- -
The applause of the preient and of fu
ture aget, I the bighrtt reward that can
pe offered to Uluitriout Tnen Tor distio
fjuiihed aefvicett and the noblest incen
tive to tucb a are atnbidou of like hon
ore IbemteJvet. It tervet 10 consecrate
the bold daring and gallant achievement
-of our countrymen to-excite and inspire
-in (he youthful ooaom a patriotic glow.
that Aiudlei ad .expn Ji. alJbejrecttjLon
such deeds, and awaken the proudeu
mbition of which the heart of man 4
auueptibie ittie desire of - diatinguithinir,
Jbjmself in the tervice of hit country. It
carrict the memory back ro thote eremt,:
Cherished a acred to the fame and fl t-
tering to the pride and patrioihm of the
nation Is there, then, an individual so
lost to gratitude or to feeling, as not to
Jiail the hour, when our countrymen in
arms met the rude blast of war. stayed
lit fury, and gave necuniy and protection
to an exposed and vulnerable city I No
tbeJioaoroIlhe-American character for.
bids such ingratitude, and hold in perpet
ual remembrance aday thutconsectated in
the heart of our countrymen, and recor
ded on the brightest page of our country 'a
History.
- It it meet and proper, then, fellow
citizens, that we should, upon the yearly
return of thit day, indulge ourtelvet in
all the luxury of feeling and glow of grat
itude, in commemoration of the event
we celebrate. For, next to the high duty
of defending the liberties of our country,
is that of honoring those who have pre'
served them, by the wisdom of their
Counsel or the valour of their arms, it
wat under these laudable feelings, that
incltbt republic! had Ihelr TesTivats, and
J modern natioot have their dayt of jubi
J lee-tnd r eioicingr W hilatr t henwe- hail
the Fourth of July 76, at the birth-day
of our Liberty and Independence let us
hallow the 8th of January, 18 15, at a day
devoted to the maintenance and preserva
tion of those blessings. Memorable be
the hourf and immortal (he teelings it
aaalt inspire.
sod Independent.' Thit resolve, to mo
mentous in iu coiHefjurnrf i, they did
riot adopt, until every hope for a redress
of their wrongs had been banished, and
even the blood of the American citiiens
had been nude lofW upon (he heights
nf Dm.ker't Hill.' Then it wat, that the
toirtin resounded over every hill and fitted
ttcrj ..valley (hat thrr e million of peopli
bunt their chaim, rushed lo arms, and
twore to be tvenired forlhe death of (heir
brethren. llotr important -(hlivtngle
enigerornt,, waged, on , pur, part py a
handfull. fiflwnestlVfOnianrf ,4 ' hastily
collected ft illy rmd, to the future lib:
ertiet of their country T he Tife of ttii
American cititro had Urn taken, t War
ren had fallen, and from that period to
be dated the freedom of the republic. It
waa in vain to talk of a redress of griev
ances, or a submission lo a power ihus
capable of ucrifiring the lives of virtu
out and innocent men. No, a mighty
impulse wat given to (he ball of the rey
olution, conrage animated every breast,
and freedom was proclaimed from every
tongue' ( the mountain wave of liberty
began to roll, and to roll with a current
not to be- resisted. The voice of free
men, like the wind of heaven, wat not to
b stifled by the powers of a despot.
T) rants I In vain ye trace the v. hard ring t
In vain ye litiit mind'a uMwearied eprinifi
What ! can ye tut! the winjfmt wimia !,
Arrctt the Mime orkL or chain the deep f
No i the wild wave coiitemna your acepter'd
hand t
It roll'il not back vhen Canute gave command."
Siirh were the eflVrt ij a ainfrle engage
mentttthe-temmencement-ol ur rcvo'll
lutiotiary struggle, which contributed to
largely to widen the breach and add to the
necessity tht. forced "the reprcsenta
lives of the Unite cTStates of Ameilfa in
getteral congrest aKmblcd,'!..tq use their
o o'"ToId Tjn"KUfge'r,,'tO"'"rJenoTnire -our
separation from ret Britain, and hold
them a we hold the test of mankind
cnemiet in war, hi ptaccirlend '', Ho
pleasing then the reflection to the patriot,
that he is permitted thus to look back
and contempt Jte the begining of a contest, '
in lit reault so fortuuaie fur him, so hap
py for his country It was i'lderd fol
lowed by other engagements, that of
Saratoga and Trenton, Princeton and
Monmouth, to the north the Cowpcoa,
Guilford, and the battle of the Eautaw
Springs, perhaps the inol bloiy ol the
whole, to the south tt none of them
could vie in import with that when fit
the American citizen met the lrltih rt
dier. There ws another eccaifement. in
tern borders, we were engaged with the elf of one, who conceived hit plant
ucrinca inuiant, wnote innaman ruie witn Ihe progretsivenett ol the ritlng
of warfare It aoofldiv.ingulsheddettruc-1 ttorm.anj executed them wlih the ra
non oi ail aget, texet, and conditions "! pidity of the (huudrrboli unrufHed h
f'Ui nerr, rrom the peaceful walkt or prt-J the heat or battle, accurate and coneit
vate life, wat to tpring p a man, who, In hit order, forteelnr everv thinir. nr
at the head of hit favorite mltltla, by the pared for every Ihing," capable: "of th
ugacity of hit plans, and .(he boldneat of most dtring enterprise!, tnd lost to everv
,v,r cutiiion, wa to waro oq in caip-1 iaea ot personal Wely T; lie arnhtf Wil
inB knife, huso ibe lavage yn,'anI give qualified to" lea hls 'lrobp to'-tlcfory,'!!
iccurity ahd protection to our mother!, victory wis attainable. His own tronDs
our wtvra, ana. our children -.let, (Mi had been hatttlf tnmght together, of the
miuua oiikerr whose rutore lot it waa to most discordant-mater a a. of Infer nr
cist ao bright a halo' around the" name off numberfi od wud toctmiend with
hTrWdntrrrTladranheowietraDnlied toe)' an eMmt.Tliaia.itiiM.ni i k.
lo.vaULtorta,;Ttr;ei fbrmidatle ai they were.
ranat oi tier army t - tie aaj no court that encompassed our commander'." ifi
friend, to urge hit claim ( no friendly wat in a country but recently adoDted
ncniu in eppcai to in on ocuan i u was imo tne American lamlly, ot a hcteroge
hi fortune to force himself into the ser neous population, and indicating strong
vice oi ni country; not inrougn favor tvmptom til Cisaliectlon to his cause,
or entreaty, but by the gallantry of hit But hi mighty eenius met and banished
ecu. Andrew Jackion, a native or south every difficulty. He had juM been joined
Carolina, for sometime a citizen of (his by the intrepid Gen. Coffee, and his
place, had removed at in early period to brigade, when he received intelligence
tne stare oi lennessee, wncre be had I that the enemy had succeeded in enter
filled troe.of the higheai offices in civil ling the Tlavou Bienvenue. and had de
life. On the firtt call for the services of barked a considerable part of his force,
inr iiiniua irum ma euopicu oiac, ne, wnn wnicn ne nao advanced to the high
with the assistance of others, raised a lands on the Misiissippi, and occupied a
volunteer corpt, fnd by the order of the position not more than seven miles below
government, descended the tfiisistippi, the City. The crisis was now approach
under the expectation of meeting the ing, and Gmeral Jarkson fortceing the
enemy ai em exposed point. This not danger of suffering the enemy lo attack
proving the case, he wat ordered to dit him, determined l.imseir to become the
band bis troops: and by sharing in all aikailunt. This bold and haurdou. hui
their toils and privation, on their march necessary enterprie, a performed on
home, e first gained the confidence and the niht of the 23J of December, and was
a'.tacbment ol the militia, which ever attended with a tuccrsi beyond the ex
anf-rlveled theff feeling! to ttronfclrtrrwctat!.on r of rhe mosr-santruine The
wardaJiim. He did not long remain idle, enemy were forced to retreat, and our
nciore he waa called to head an expedi rommsnder drew off hi forces wiih but
tion atrainst-the most : -formidable 'aAdr a triBin lnti, ont. In ,k. ,t.,k ..f
t ea . . I . .
warlike 01 the Indian 'tribes. How he the brave CO onel Lauderdale.BValual.lt
dichartjed this high trust, the victories officer, h fell gallantly whilat anima
... -.n.in., vi . binuuiiv, oi tne ung nit merr, ann 'leaning tnem tnto c
Horse shoe, where sunk the bratre Mont- tion. Having then, by this masterly
gomety, foremost in' battle, and a con-1 movement, warded off the ore sent dan
tpiered foe, whose soil -now constitutes a ger, he wa. Allowed a few davs longer,
prt of our extensive domain, bear witness which he pent with sleepless nights in
to his prowess and tuperior capacity for preparing for that event so important to
military command. About this period hit own fame, to the honor, ahd perhaps
he is commissioned a Major General in the liberty of his country. The night of
the regular service, marched into Florida the seventh of January came the "note
in pursuit of the enemy, and finds it ne of preparation" and the movements of
cessary to punish tbc perfidy and humble the enemy, gate evidence that the day of
the insolence of the haughty Spaniard, battle waa at band. Our troops remained
For (his act, some would fain have tar bchind.,n5r breastworks, une'er order to
tiM.ed his laurels and branded ki. .,,,""" ,or ,ne brst W1' tferf on
with infamv. Not ao the Rem-ni. "cd ,hc. d,wn ' .' "l,h dcf ?
. e
ever the assertion, that a republican form
of government it too weak for belligerent
operations. Whilst, then, it thll be out4
contiant prat rr to th t over ruling God,
who ridet upn hf whirlwind and directs
the ttOrTf, to ron'lu'ct Our belated enunlr
through the Linn vru fif ' time Jo
grant that the goddess of 1-iSe rtv whft has
Irflf lier abode imtm tha t-ommnr at th
m irnrlKWflnntf Rn'tf a) retting placd'
upon the American mounfaint.: And If In
ihe revolution eventa, it shell bethe)
fate of our nation again lo be Involved Id
e elate of war we have lo the) brlghl ,
anap)-,oi iao,wtM)e. Victory we thla
da celebrate. hat wblchabill rfve tour
age Itf despair, nertre the arm of the bravei:
and leach the citizen aoldier how to ren.
der hit name and hit deed ... Immortal.
DurHi.iar. Clinton. In hia m r ti nn tit f Iim
legielature of New-York, at iia
thue bear witneas airalnat the murderous prac
tice f duclliiig. Thia tettimonv should carry
tnofe weijrht with it, from the circumstance of
Gov. C. having onre been cnncerntxl in a duel
llimtelfi hnt hat if nee bran hrmivht In mm k.
folly ami wirkednett of tlic practice.
a prominent and besetting evil of the
imes, is the practice of dutllinr. hih
frequently ship wrecks the peace of fam
ilies, and destroy! the live! of useful
members of society.
in these cases, false notion of honor
are arrayed against the dictate of mortt-
ry, (he preaerlption of ,w, an() fna j.
unction of religion The eatomina-
tion of this moral Hydra haa been found
more difficult than the physical Hydra of
antiquiiy. The severity of penal inflic- .
tiona ha been rendered nugatory byiaO-L.
want of certainty, and chivalrte folly hit
prostrated the most tacrrd consider,
tions. The failure of past : preventives
ought not to deter from the application. of
new expedients.. If public opinion is tin
ive of the people, who could net cen
i'e, muc h less condemn one to whom
itt consequences of a still more brini.nt l'e. Naiion a at great a debtor. From
character, like that we thit i day celL-brate, thence he is directed wHt an accelerated
the surrender at York town on wjiose! narch to' hasten to the defence of New
rIuiadTertingto our early revoluiionary
- Listory, we discover the-highftot acts of
. oppre ttloo . M. ltd ,-' part of (he 'ririot he r
"T counlry , and iihe 'most: n
for a redress of grievance!, on that of the
. coiopiet; , These repeated evklcncet of
the exercise of power, and the haughty
rejection of. .what they had the tight to
demand, forced our fortfathert to the bold
resolution of throwing off the yoke of op
trcrshni ar.d prpclaiminjj themselves free
heighu the ; A merican Egle .of... .Lj b
erty perched, and flapping hit wings in
tnumph, hallowed the freedom of thi
Western World. Let it jtot then be said
that the green laurel should alone- adorn
theiieiraan!arQW.TTm)JiJiciHt(g.
alike to the hero of the held and the ora
tor of the Senate, and it is for the hand
of the freemen to bind the wreath .and
award the honor.
r Thu commenced and thus termina
led the contest, which gave liberty and
independence to our country. And hav
ing formed a constitution upon the pi in
ciple that man is capable of self govern
ment, and of administering to his own
I at a
napptness, our Deiovea country was
about to enjoy a peaceful repose, and the
patriot lo realize all those blessing our
free and happy form of government was
so well calculated to impart. It hud been
the wisdom of her policy to cultivate
friendship with all nations; br an active
commerce abroad to enrich herself, and
an industrious agriculture at home to
tender her people happy and cnntrn'ed
But whilst engaged in these laudable pur
suits, and in 44 the full tide of successful
experiment, it was her Tate to meet
her former enemy at a rival, and after
sustaining repeated acts of outrage and
aggression, to gird on the armour of tie
fence, and again encounter the rude shock
of war.
It is not my purpose to inquire into the
causes, jnuch less into the policy of this
contest. If belbnet to the Senators and
Representatives of the na'.ion to settle its
jn-7 buu uncusrm jusucc; a ney ikj,
in June, 1812. nroclaim .the nation a:
war, and it became the wish as well as
the duty of every good citizen, to see
that it wat brought to a fortunate and
honorable termination, Our army was
small, and our. people by their habits
nuea ratner tor the arts of peace than
me acieoce oi war. - Hence at (he outset
mia contest was wared -vith,3.aliRnau,
AH.3l:mWe"j(hougu the
IT ,t s?oLtn JUjiiiaa haCfloatedlh
triumph over the, briny deep, we had but
ti tle to boast of victory upon land. A
Brown, a Scott, and a Gainet, had indeed
tustained the honor of our irns, at Chip
pewa, Bridgewater and Erie yet, aad
revertet iiad darkened the brilliancy of
their athieremcnta. On our south-wet-,
Orleans. How important the trust, how
threatening the'danger, and how feeble
the means to ward it off. Just befoie
this period, an insulting foe bad marched
over our land, under their bold leader
with the sword of dcith in the one hanrt
and iltttorchlofc
; The proud capital of the nation is
captured with scarcely a struggle, and
laid in ruins i. a monument of daring in
trepidity on the part of the enemy, and
of lasting-disgrace to ourtelvet, Thu
flushed with success, the enemy returned
under the hope ol surprising a flourish-
M my, ana witn oraers to Jay that in
ashes : But in this they were deceived,
and themselves met nith defeat and dis
comfiture, and their leader with death,
at the hands of a militiaman. Foiled in
this attempt, it was now their whole
force was to be concentrated, and direc
ted to fall with its htaviest bolt, upon
that great depot of th Wettern States,
the City of New-Orlean. Their iroopa
had just been freed from an enemy, who
for year had made King and Empcors
tremble for their throne. The war of
he Peninsula was at an end; and the
nvincibles of Wellington were te be
rsnsported to our shores, in order U put
o flight our despised militia, and hand
ful of regulars. Our army wat but as a
vanguard in comparison to the thousands
with whom these transports bad been in
the habit of contending. Their officers
too, the able sfof the army of the con
tinentv united ill The advantages of skill.
to that of experience and discipline.
W K-4hi4m meoae-odda- in-their Xa von
the stoutest American heart was made to
cower, and those charged with the ad
ministration of our government, trembled
for the result. They would most wil
lingly have despatched an officer of more
experience, and at they thought better
qualified to command and direct the ope
cations f our. troops. But
trhey imagine Ibe Eagle,, wat,, grappling
with the Lion ... and little did they know
he superTorap
post T 6f oner ww proved himself able
to cope with the greatest commanders of
thedav; of one, who uniting wisdom in
the art of war with courage, contempt of
danger with untiring perseverence, dcx
tent y with pretence oi mind, activity
ty, nut wnn calm intrepidity, expecting
ihe attack of pur enemy with hit fifteen
thousand bayonets, besides his ten thou
sand sailor and marines.. , , The morning
of the Eighth c January, at length came,
and exhibited the enemy upon the banks
rf the Mississippi - Their , parole and
roun'ersign. 44 Iholy and Rtauty"
whilst the chivafrous motto of 44 victory or
Death." was cthp'd along the American
line. A congee ve rocket, like a meteor
X flashedahrougb. J hcjiti .n.d RiJJL ifce sig.
nal for attack. In a lew momen't, was
heard, that constant rolling fire, whose
tremendous noiae resembled rattling peals
of thunder- Then it was, that the British
officer wss seen animating his troops and
urging the nr lrti to those batterie from
whose fire came the vollies of(Ieath.
Their commander in chief, Sir Edward
Pdckenham. the cltve of the Dukeof Wel
lington, fell whilst animating his troops
to the first assault. In a second attempt,
(irnerals Keane and (Jinbs, shared a sim
ilar fate. Every effort for a third trial
failed, and they were forced to shelter
themselves in a ditch for the remainder
of the day. Never has it been the for
tune of any commander to gain so com'
plete a victory against such fearful odds,
and with so small a loss. The enemy
repulsed at every attack, driven back and
dispirited commander after commander
taken from the field of battle in the arms
of death whilst every attempt to renew
the assault, proves unavailing victory
declares in favoui of the Americans arms.
Well might its hern have exclaimed in the
Imcuace of the Roman General, Vtni,
Vidt, Vicil Anxiety, which bad stood on
tiptoe, carried the glad tidings through
our land, spoke quiet to the patriot's bo
som and proclaimed a day that musT ever
inspire the highest ebullition of national
feeling. SucbyountjymenxJijhe
able (a arrest. bit IUtry!eCyjl, the
stm of the law ought to be sTreichetl"
forth, full of terror and replete with punt
ishment. The most effectual prescrip
tion heretofore applied wat the" rcnuire
ment of an oath from every person titter
ing into office, that he would not be con
cerned in duelling, but this having been
abolished by the new constitution, other
measures must be pursued. As most
duels take place out of the state, might it
not have a preventing effect, to direct
mgitratet to make Strict inuuiry into the
charges, and in their discretion to im
prison the offenders until notice can be
(Mven to the Exetutiveof the atate in
which the crime wat committed, to that -he
might make the constitutional requisi
tion for their being delivered up (or pun
ishment And If a homicide of this char
tcter, is perpetrated, may -it not bead
visable to consider it so in the state wbero
the person dies, as well at in that where
the wound was inflicted. Most duel are
brought to a fatil termination by the mil
conduct ofsecopds, who, in the confidence
of self security, anil in the headlong Career
Of "rtemented-quixotimrcloe - the-door -
against reconciliation, sod they ought
therefore to be visited with exemplary'
punishment, espetlally In challenget eneV
ing in duels- And where homirtdei have
taken place out of our jurisdiction, what
is now1 adjudged only- a: misdemeanor or
breach of the peace, oueht to be deemed
a re Ion v, and subjected to punishment in
the state prisons. And by such energetic
measures, it is earnestly to be hoped that
thia disgraceful evil and high handed of
fence may be expelled from our country.
day, such the victory we celebrate; and
whilst we drop the tear of regret for the
fate of such as fell in the arms of victory,
e pour forth our warmest gratitude to
those who survive to receive the smiles
and the applause of a grateful country.
I might here pause to contemplate a
.fiyX
glorious, in . it, re sulU-an d so Jort uoa'.ejn.
it consequence, but that lam addressing
aneudieuce, who have themselves nitnet
sed its animating effect upon their own
feelings, and the proud title it has given
to the American name u closed nit
war in a blaze of glory, proved the ability
and efficiency of our militia for defence
with the most perfect command of binvm the fiour of danger, &;id slknctd for-
Morgan, again. The " Advocate"
newspaper, printed in the western part of
New-York, alter alluding to Hill at the
murderer of Morgan) says i
44 This man has undergone another
strict examination, by three attornies, in
the presence of many other respectable
gentlemen, which continued six hours,
and resulted, as we are informed by a
gentleman present, in the entire convic
tion of all who attended, that he is in fact
the murderer of William Morgan. Ho
hat accordingly, on his own confession,
been committed to prison. He stated,
we are told, in the most positive and ex
plicit terms, every transaction, and. par
ticularly - respecting the awfuL tragedy J 'Z
without the least contradiction or discre
pancy. He gave (he names and number
of aCtomplicesTTrhoTwe believerthrmtgli
the timely notice of the Lewiston Con
vention, that they were " all found out,"
have left the coun:iy and it is to be feared
are now beyond the resell of conviction
and punishment." x
Louisiana Croii.T6 crops through'
ou,t ;(he; whole, of tiitj. etve pi Looisianat. ., r
areasseried to w rernaikably productive
tthat ol Louun m jiurticuiar, is better
thaahas been known for a seriea of years.
The quantity ' of 'augar promiieT'i'6a'""
very great and rcmailt'ably finer The In
digo crops have ttcn highly productive ,
but very little ol that article is now culti
vated in the country, except in Vjie Wvstc
bnyo'i sTtitlemet:', 1 .
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