North Carolina Newspapers

f ...
" toANii.i, ii. cur
jfl FAUP.-'I H alt rrn Indebted to linr y
Ifc IK.! t Urn!, book scc.unt, or otherwise,
SoinaV payment inim.-I.f.uly, or tl.eir dtW
will b placed in ib httd i.fM officer for cot.
lection. Persons bsvliir; drtninds S;sJst N,
ajtll please present thew for payment.
expects from tho North, In f.W dsys,
anortiswnt of UOODS, cowering of
. DryGoo,!), Cutlery, Crccier'J,
Hard Wart, Groceries, 4?r.
, lkh h I disposed u sH Ww for cA of on
iM emlit,
i'.Airr..i.!5iA, 1823. ,
1 1 T? V 1IXP.Y fc CO. kv on band or uit
IZtiZKrt abort rpwrte,tfHlHleoiM to keep.
constant Suppry ouring- io
rrnea, d.en, orw;l bos.' -'';
K - f -V-d Boeder are out tip SceonJin; ton
la DCiuou pmuuKu u -""
7 eotogia. ' " ry 7'" . ' ;; -'
S Thursday morning, 254 infant, Mtwtew
ry'a and Coneoru. a small woroc
ftiw mirlirhierii doflar M Itoavbero
s-fcaj Car Tear bllltf besides several valuable
' panen, ail of which art not recollected. Ono
nott oa Caleb P. Alexander, Tor fihy dollar
Bade payable to David Henderson, with a Credit
' of 5 dollar 1 one due bill on John Barriiirer,
for fifteen dollar! one do. on do. for two dol.
Ian 84-100, datea not recollected to or three
. jmVrmenU . Thompson; Hunt, and Johi
JUutn constable receipt to T. Hunt, for seven
corns, fur collection, arr.ownl not recollected. , I
! iB girt reward fur the paper only, and
ask no questions. " M. HUNT.
jbMMrf 311, im : 2toL .
Tl AM awav from tbe nlantatKMi of Mr. Trot
li ten near BaSsbary, 1AM, a bright mulatto
s boy, about 30 year of afe, and near aix feet
llgb. He it stoat and well made 1 ha down
cast look, and a little inclined to roop in the
Shoulder. It is supposed Chat be will endeavour
to pa a free man, from tbe fact of bis ab.
:jcond2nwhhor'-etiBe. Tbw ebove reward
Srirf be five fW bl apprtbeiikloa US dCTitfrf
j tavmela JalisbutT, or to the overseer us the
" fcUntatlon. tv THOMAS C POUL-
'rttrmnbttlti. 4,03
4 tO TV CreenshorouBh Patriot and MiWon
ill Ipyrt the above mdrertmrment 4
week in their papers and Jorw'ard their tecwrnt
ZSZ. for payjKatt'.. '"". T " f
': tV Wednesday, tbe 50th da of Februarj
J neit, -trill be exposed to publt sale on the
"fctste Boxoe Square, In tfcweity W JUIeigU,.. .
110 valuable Slaves,
1 Jat the property of John Haywood, Esquire,
- deceased s large portion 0 them young likely
boys and girls. Amongst them are several very
Tthisble rarpenUra, bracksmit hs, and ether me
ctairics, sod several valuable bouse servant 1.
Also several very valuable
Tractt of Land
Irt the neirhborhood of Raleirh, affording situa.
tione for buildings, well watered, and wouhl suit
Gentlemen from tbe lower country who may
"desire health? lommer residence. - The differ-
-: ent tracts of land will be bid off in lots, or sold
entire as may be agreed on by tbe commiw4on.
"(era sftoointed in behalf ef th Stater- The sale
wdl be snade. for tbe benefit "of the State f
Kortb Carolina, one credit of one, two 'and
- - three years,"' with interest from tbe reepeetWe
days of sale, the pttrchsseff gyvrng Ponds with
tpproved sureties, .
ri. The sale will certainly take place, aid will be
. ctntunied from day to tuy utiUl tbe . nboie
Moperty is disposed of.
" " CsnwtfurfsarrflAs Stale A CansA'sa.
ftskigb. Jin. 0, 1SJ8. 5i0i-:
r. JTlLL be sold, st public enetionj on Wed.
r- -1 1 nesdajr, the 20th of Pebruary next. In the
WHO Ine TiecekSary oui-nouse ana in auuiuun
therto S safe and commodious blacksmith's shop,
situated in a pleasant part of the village, near
the best publie well
,. M, One AVer .Han. two ntgr wrt, and
ine, eW. Tenos 12 month credit, bond and
security required. M. L. iiILL Tnittct.
Vonuorf t, 1828. . 6;02
Safitbury, on Mondav. the 18th rpebruTTchannels of .ndusirj'rwherwise, pov
ary next, 13 likely nejrtea, 4 men, 3 women and
Children, and 3 young women ; sold by execu
tion, as the property belonging to the etate t
Vat V Ma AA tn ate.1 Ff Minil .waMs.
lion in my hands for collection.
Prke adv. .7S t. SLATER, D. Sh.ff.
January I, 1838. . 601
ILL be told for cash at the Court-hjuse in
Salisbury, on Monday, ltfch day of Feb
ruary next, the Plantation whereon Samuel
, ' Young now Eve, tying on Third Creek, adjoin
for John Young, win. II. Wood, and other j
-vtjontlwwgtboiit 70Qacre of,, good, J-Ontl a
tr.T.Z':." "mttm .- riuinlVl ihniir t7 umrinml'
couch of wbicu M treth, all under good fence
and there are on the premise convenient and
j . suitabTe bulldingToTsIt kinds required on a large
-. JIm, will be o1d on the same day snd place,
J3 likely NEGROES, consisting of 3 men,
I . yyomtn imj children. All sold aa the property
of ald Samuel Young, to aatisfy sundry eiccu-
, ' . - tions in my handa for collection.
- Wee advf glO. T. SLATES, J. Skerif,
J i T AN sway from the subscriber, at Peterbtirg,
1 1 dali.Ce!a;onlle, night ofthe sccohdf Jan.
f t uary, on neyrrnwri, and his wire"," The "fellow
rathe of s yellow eottroleaimyttout, md well
1.. nit ttom.ia Isaac, and will both probs.
. Wy make for Virginia i the woman i black and
likely, and is called ?se they both carried
several suit of apparrel, and several blankets
andquiiu. JOHN D. WATK1KS.
...Jan, 3d; 1828. . 3t0t'
f7tOR Urkl sold by order of writs of venditioni
sv esptpfu, wr sjc st Ujj oHjce,
Tht OMAirOTr-XCE I) tin.
The following Mt.ljr poetkal ami beautiful
fines, are from a new , enUtled Tbe spirit
tnd Manner of the Af."
AVwe-below-where'er !
Tby fuldinflliiter. Lord, I view, '
- frao'd in the mllnifbt planet' blaze.
Or fliatenint In the mornina; dew t
Whate'er U beauiiful or fair,
I but thlno own rtfleetMi) there.
I bear thee In t)e atomy wind.
That turn tbe ocean wve to foam 1 .
Iof fca tbj womirmi power I Und,
, When aumnmr air around me roait) j
the tempeet aad the calm declare
Thmlf H r tVoa art every whefe.
I And thee in the noon of night.
And read thv nm in every rtar
I.That drinbjllMplendof f'n tlie Hfht -
'"That YfcwsrmareyVbaninc ctiT. .,
Thy footstool, Lord, each turry tern . .
ComposcaHtot my otauero.
AtiA whMlhe ndiant orb of neht .
Ilih Upp'd the mountain top with told,'"
Smote witb the blase. v weanea aieni
J!tT8hrinlt from theronder ibholU'
.fiat ray of lory, britf nd fair, r.
I but thy Bvihp ihaeVsr tlier. -
' TLine il the tilcnt noon of niht,
Tbe twilight eve the dewy morn 1
Whate'er t beautiful and brirfit,
Thine bamU havt fuhion'd to adorn t
1 by rbwy walk In every sphere,
And an thing whisper, " Cod b bere V
1 love to 'steal awhile away -
from every cumbering care.
And spend tbe hours of setting day
In bumble, grateful prayer.
I love In 'solitude to shed
Tbe penitential tear.
And Stl his pro isaa to plead,
Where hone but God can hear.
I lore to think brt mercies past.
And future rood Implore,
r;And all my sighs snd-nrrow csfit.
On bim wboov I adore
I love by faith to lake a vie w "
Of brighter scenes in heaven i
Such prospects of my strength renew;
IT While here by tempest dnvem -
" TTnVs7 whe n Tiff toitkimediy t o'er,
Mav it df parting ray- -
Be calm as this Impressive hour,
And lead to endless day.
Around me rolls a namcles mail,
A ses of anxious men,
I watch them aa they onward pss,
Hundreds and thousands ten.
Misguided race ! I grieve to sed
That, reckless of futurity, .
You seek denructkm' den i
I grieve to think how won this scene
Shall be ss it bad oeer been !
I look amased upon the world
Here Wisdom hold its atalc i '
There Wr red tamUrd is unfnrl'd,
And monarcbe talk like Fate j .
While blistered heart are every where
And shapes of famine and despair
On all sides congregnte r "
O Godt Ms wondrous there should be .
Such madness and such miery."
- The fbllowiog Report was made to the If oue
of Common of the Legislature of this state, on
the 1st of January lat. bv CAorfc, Fither, K-q.
membef from Sahsbury, who. was chairman of
ine seicti coronuiicv on oc buhjch
The SelccTCommUtefc
wss referred the Resolution, on the
subject of Cotton aud Tctflrfl ; Manu
factories, and on the growing of Wool
in North-Carolina, hare had the same
under consideration, and
That the subject of the Resolution
" s .
is one wntch deeply concerns tne ctt.
iieos of this state, and is vitally con
nected with their best interest atjd
prosperity. l A crisis js at hand, when
our citiaens must turn a portion of
theirjsur sii'dcnterprfee-inta .other
erty and ruin will fall on every class
of our community. It is a lamentable
fact, that the people of North-Caro
Una are indebted to one another, and
to the Banks, to an amount appalling
to the mind, that looks to conscquen
ces. According to recent statements,
the debts due to the local institutions
alone, amount to 85,221,877 : and, in
the absence of data, we believe it will
not be an over estimate to say, that
Fayettevillf ," will swell the amount to
six millions of dollars. In addition
tfvthifcpavn-eatem it a mnrlrrafr eaU
eolation, that the, people of North
Carolina owe to merchants, to usurers,
to note-shavers, and to one another in
general, the further sum of four mil-
uons oi ooiurs. Aianyoi tnese dents
were contracted t time, when
out better prospects of easy and speedy
payments j but -ihe great TaU.,4n, the
prices uf agricultural products,-has not
oniyreauced tne value oi every species
of property bur, as a consequence, has
in effect, doubled the debts of indi
viduals. . ,
Owing to the want of navigable
streams in our state, leading to coot.
marts, hitherto but few of our agricul
tural products would admit the cx- Tolacco Iroia t..2 1 tener, ere tu
most the only articles will tear
transporution, while rice and cavI
store, en the scs-board, sre the prio-
ctpat tiporti. vvnen me prices ci
these articles were up, the farmtnj b-
terest of North-Csroliaa presented
something like the sppesrsnce of pros.
Eerity but crest depression dm u
co place in their value, and st thia
time, they are scarcely worth produ
cinjr. The loss of the West India
trade has lessened the- demand lor lum
ber. Tobacco is now fated In the
British markets, more than 600 per
eenl. whiUrt flemandorcotton,
our other great ftpet does Dot keep
pnee : with itsUcreMed . produetion,
Etery-enff ssesi sources of. supply,
nre opened in our own, and other
cuntrja.,EcvpuCre?cetlhe Dritish
Esst? indtl - poxMioos, and ,oouth
America, fre all well adapted to the
irjrrurr of 4hsWcUU..pUntgrJj.oJi!?Jhe southern and midde eoun
in fsdrth-Carolioa can barely afford to
raise rottm at 8 cents per lb. be must
soon be .utivea from its culture alto
gether, If the farmers of the west,
whose diW rich lands enable them to
produce it with less hbour and ex
nense ' Thu; while the export of
these, nir greAt staples, have rapidly
fallen f(T, our importations of vsrious
article continue nearly the smer or
at moit tlo not diminish io a corres
pond Ucr ratio with our exports. The Is,. that the balance of
trade aeainst us, lor several years
past, lias greatly increased. To meet
ihe debt crested by this bilaoce of
trade, the notes of our banks are car
ried to ihejMrthernxiues, whert ihev
ceareloperform-the-psrtPoT- money,
but like other merchantable commodi
ties, are sold at a discount of 4 to 5
rrrruon their, nominal value. -.The
notea-thua ariuojhen5rtht: are ,non
returned on the4ankvheninonf
Ui ul.4 or 54ejLfcJijuJtJWLiilel
by these institutions in procuring" sucK
funds as will be taken by the northern
hotdcirThe sntwaT tax thus paid to
the northern cities, is by no means in
considerable, and in its effects on the
banks, and through them on the peo
ple, greatly aid to the difficulties of
the time
The balance of trade against us,
produces another state of things on
the monied coocerns of North Caro
lina, which threatens cot only , the
ruin of our Lcal institutions, but as an
inevitable consequence,': bankruptcy
and distresi throughout the tommuftiarin?Syt:eaioW flWnStatetand
t) . The United State Bank at Fay- fabricating at least to the extent of our
ettevillr. tereives it - paroenu the
notes xt the local bank, but. pays out
none but her own;; The consequence
is, that nintutentns of her Issues are
sent to the north, to meet ' the debt
created by the balance of trade, while
ine ueots aue. ner, are always paia in
lorsl. notes. Tiie Botes thus flowing
in on that office, are returned in quick
succession on their respective branches,
and these institutions sustsTo"als'in
procurbg funds t meet these pcrpet-
ual runs.' TKk "extent hf these. Iruna
4rem-tfl!rt:ttfrrte II nuted By
her discounts : and in the course' of
the year, they amount at least to half
a million of dollars. Thus the local
banks of North-Carolina annually pay
4 ( r 5 per cent, on all their notes col
lected by this mammoth institution.
Already r,e, of the local Lbanksr that
of Cape-Fear, finds it impossible to"
get on under the pressure of the Uni
ted States' Bank at Favetteville I and
the Directors have called a meetinc
of Stockholders, with a view of wind
ing up their business snd surrender
ing their charter. The local banks art
thus forced to curtail their discounts,
and withdraw from circulation a part
of their notes, which have the effect
to press their debtors, at a time when
bad crops and low prices diminish
their ability to pay.
:"This creates a dtstress, that imprls
thousands of our citizens to abandon
thrjr hnmCS & T)f hftpe ' their
native state, and seek relief abroad,
where better prospects are opened to
them, If in transplanting themselves
from their native soil," they better their
condition, it Is certain that their friends
who remain behind, are left in a worse
situation. : Every man who- moves to l
ine west, is not omy a loss to ine state,
but.carriet off with him a part of our
scarcer here. Your committee might
point out other, effects arising but of
the course of trade; uniting to produce
a stfe of embarrassment never before
rqoalled in North-Carolina, but time
presses on their labors and admonish
es thrm to omit til uunecssssry views
Of the subject. ,
' I -;;rvfre-
ii :.c I.' -r J-
i t'..
rr : rr
t : i
l.ow is it to Lc
tcd and changed for the Utter f It is
certainly true that something may be
effected by individual economy, but
this alone will not accomplish the im
portant end. Nothing but n thange
ol system can restore health and pros
ftcrity to the community at large. It
s certainly a correct maxim io politi
cal economy, that every state or nation
should be able to feed and clothe it
self,' Such, however, has not been
our case. With immenss tracts ,o
fertile soii, the best sod most produc
tire In tbe - Atlantic States, tnaoy o
our cWiaens in the'Easterd parts of th
State, for aeveral years past, have been
jn the practice orpurcbasiog Flour
made st the Norland feeding their"
oeeroei with pork shipped from New
York; " While every fanarge droves
of Tennessee and kemueky Uogs-sre
ties." tven ai tnis momnr.,wniieire
Waa-'.-MMai. m rf. m-t .
sre penning these remarks, 'there are
several droves from thst quarter io
this city, and a good portion of the
money naid bv the member's of tbe
Legislature for their board and lodg
ing, will be carried directly to the
west, in exchange for an article .that
we csn raise as wcu at borne
With all tha materials sod aliment
for manufacturing, we annually expend
millions in the purchase of antclcs
manufactured in Europe and at the
North, out of our own raw materials
White under thia state of things, we
hare been growing poorer, the manu
facturers have been crowing neb
TBeandjvioalwho buysmorethan
he-sellrwhe expenditure isigmter
than his ii.come, sooner or later must
rrach tbe brink of poverty and bank
nrntcvi -The-remark s equally true
aSTO s state of community
:1 In icUingbout tanfenorsite Suf
some system that will enable Us to buy
less and sell more, that will enable
us to supply within ourselves, our own
wants and necessities. And here, we
remark, that in its effects on us it is
all the same, whether we buy from
Europe, or the Northern States, Our
trade with Europe is through the
Northern Cities, and the profits of
that trade, whether outward or inward,
are mostly made at the North. But
how is this important revolution to
be aecompIisheJ f We unhesitatingly
answerhv Introi!ncifif the? Mann far
own wants. We go runner. - Instead
of sending off . it great - expense -of
transportation, our raw" material, con-j
ven imo laonca. at norac, jiou in mat
tatc, bring it into market. In this
wsy, our want of navigation will not
be so severely felt, for it Srill tost-no
more to send on &40.000 worth of the
fabric. UianTf wTlI SlO,XX)of theTaw
materials, and of course, the expense
win dc less leic it it wtu jpc jaiviaea
among a larger mount,f-;-'
rolina, duiiug good. tio
years, is tstimiitcd i have shipped for
the Worth and liurope, through her
own ports and those .of her sister states,
at least 80,000 bales o( cotton. Eighty
thousand bales, at 30 per b-le,
amounts to S2,40O,O0O, . But 80,000
bales, :tKus T worth T S2,400,iOOOln7the
taw state, srheo eonver ted tte fabric,
are increased in value, four, fold,
which will make the sum of S9,600,-
000, or 27,200,000 more than' we
obtained for it. . .
Again it is not thought eztrava
gant to estimate, that the people of
North-Carolina annually consume, in
cotton manufactures of various de
scriptions, one-fourth of the crop ship
ped from the Stateequal to 20,000
bales. If so, then the manufacturers
pay us for our 80,000 bales by send
ing back our ow o -raw- material, 20,-
000 halesltf the manufactured itate,
retaining, for their trouble, and the
ing 60,000 bales j which, when con
verted, according to the admitted rule,
will bring them gf ,200,000. Now if
the raw material was wrought up
among ourselves, this immense sum
Would be made Jjy. pur own citizens
and "would diffuse-wealth nd pros
perity among all -classes. As it now
is we Jose lit, and the pr fits are cen
joyed by Old arid . Niwnglandr
But the profits arising from the pro
cess of converting the raw- material,
are not the only 'advantages attending
the system. Another is, that it will
take from Agriculture some of the
surplus labour, and turn it into other
pursuits. It vill convert producers
...... t
i.i t'..w t..
I CI l.,c
r the jroc
( : , IlUlLctS fc
:t of
To a community havinj good water '
communication, these neighborhood
markets are not m essential j but to
North-Carolina, which Is without such
means, their importance is incalculable.
The introduction of the manufacturing
system would give employment at
home to our people, and arrest that
tide of emigration, which is bearing
off our population, our wealth and en
terprize, and leaving those who re
main behind, poor and dispirited.' It
would build up flourishing villages iu '
the Interior of our Stat, ajtvd Improv,':
oot only the physical, but the moral
and intellectual condition of ourc'ui-.
zeos; This is "iit "Speculation t tluh
ssme causes, under similar clrcuoil""
standi, will always produce the same :
ejects. J!ook to the northvisit their
manufacturing villages 'snd estahHsb--urents
od you nd m -coatenttdJbapc
py and prospering people."" By way of
example we point to the town of
Lowell, in Massachusetts, Six yews
ago, its present scite was unoccupied
by the dwellings of roan. Since mac
ufsctures have been there erected, a
town haa sprung tip of nest sod com
modious buildings; with a population
of 6,000 souls. There sre severs!
churches "forpublic worihip, snd
schools for the edurstioo of the chil
dren.' Look also to Waltham, to
Taunton, to Patterson, to Maoyunk,
and a hundred other places in the New
England and Northern States, where
this system is diffusing wealth and
prosperity, . and. improving the mors!
ccmditiorLt aocictyi "-".r r.V;':
Butriririsv be aiked, are-thecir
cumsUnccs of . ur. Stste such as to
render practicable, the introduction ef
this system anion as f XVe 'amwer
they. areTKe.Tianil f nature" itself"
seems so point oi i orm-uaroiina u
mansfactories. Cut off from the ocean
by a sand-bound coast, her rivers filled
with shoals and obstructions alone
their whole extent, and their mouths
inaccessible to large vessels, she never
can be greatly commercial. On the
other hand, her climate and soil are
equal to those of any of her sister
states, abd she abounds with all the
facilities necessary to - the manufac
turing arte, , .
The following may be considered as
the elements indispensable for build
ing op and sustaining, manufacturfcg
establishments r-
1. The raw materialout of which
the articles wanted, are fabricated.","
2. Thn power necessary to give mo.. .
tion to the labor-saving machinery,
employed in mannfacturingjrtr
S. Xabour, at prices that will afford
profit. '.. ..-.;.
4 ProvrsTons, chep, of good QuaT
ity and abundant.
a, inmate, iicaiiny ana mua,
6 Skill and CapitaL .
... IT be continued.
Forty year since, Lord tgremonrs
scat-Was 3wild forest jot 800 'acres,
covered with furze and stunted timber,
and not worth five shillings (1 12 cts.)
per acre. It now lett lor thirty soilings
( 672 cts.) per acre. 10qurtesof oats
(80.bushcl) and five (40. bushels) of
w heaty are raised on, .an acre jof.. land,
oiT which a sheep would have starved '
before the1 enclosure. Little more
than 50 years sincrXlumber Park, part
of old Sherwood forest, and containing
4000 acres, was a bleak, dreary, us
productive heath. In 1760, improve
ment commenced, and the heath diap
peared. The Duke of New Casac
built a mansion and planted 2000 acres.
These 2000 acres now produce thriving
timber, of very , large dimension.
The remaining 2000 yield excellent
crops of different grains and grasses.
Besides other live stock, tho-aheen fed .
on tnis lorest, a halt century since
perfectly barren, amount annually to
at leastour thoutand. , ,.
Upwards of six millions of acres ot
waste . land in Britain, have beec
brought into cultivation within the lait
century eleven parts put of- twelve,
in the reign of George the third.. Is
the- reign.' of? A noeii44ft- wrea-ou
Georgie Ux 7,760 Georgo -adr V
01 8,778 George 5d,1 5,686,400 snd
irgeth, fto 1820300,800 cref -
The fee sUnple ot these six mHT6ns,It "
28 years purchase, has added 252,000,
000. or . ,000,000,000 to. the ns-
uonal wealth. N. T. Albion.
' Tbere Is nothinir that rouses the resentment
of a ffeneroiM heart more than unjust aocosatipir
ofthe sminfolg tai the irmQceati

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