' - - .
trial. m rlbk4, aae wa,'
SALISBURY. C.....TUESI)AY, APRIL 1, 1828.
VOL. VIJI.......NO. 408.
Jb Z,0 rffTJC.
The termt of the Western Carolinian are, R3
per annum op 1 50, iPM huut..bii
: paymr nt in advance will be required from all
iibacrihera at a distance, who are unknown to
the Editor, unless tome responsible person- of
hit acquaintance fuaranteea the payment.
Ko paper discontinued, (eicept at the option
, f Ik 9Jli until all srreamres are paid.
per aquare for the first week, ana tweuiy-nve
r ents for each wee wereaiier. - . ,
- All letters addreMed to the Editor, must be
wttfMUi they aaay not M atunora
..v. IIS SiX oMJLITI AU E&-.
The followinr concise statement of the affair
' m -. .1 -r .1 ! .."J..!
n IDe execution oi ww roiiiiia men, During
the late war, for mutiny and desertion, on the
. Atbjeet of which ao much abate bat been heaped
Mi the head of Gen. Jackson, wu communicated
for Dubhcation in the Baltimore Republican, by
Mr. WickKOe, member of congress from Ken.
tacky i ,. ,
Thote who have etteirpted, for politi
cal effect, to abuse the public mind by
misrepresentation, forgery and falsehood
ia reference to the trial and execution of
these men, rnuit oe consciously inn
time, of the folly and wickedneii of their
An attentive examination of the evi
sjence end document! will clearly prove,
that Jackson is' no more to blttne than it
the Judee who approves the verdict of a
jury in capital xae, or the Governor of
Mate, who executes ine uw upon me
unfortunate offender ,
" 'The facts are" briefly that in the year
18 U, ..Willie; Blount, Governor of the
State of Tennessee, ordered into the ser
greesblv to law, 1000 militia of hit State.
The v - were mustered end received into
tbe-aewif e of : the . Coverpn)en.foraix.
months, on. tbeLlQUi pf June, 18 1 4 ; con
aeqoently " their "service ejrptred on "the
Oth December I8H. These men were
Pipkin, (of t he itete militia) "wire ' atatioh-
ed in the forts erected in the Creek ne
: tlon, which it was necessary to maintain,
In order to keep that nation in check.
About 200 of these men (including liar
7 ria and the other five who were ahot aa
Che ringleaders) between 'the 15th and
aOtb September 18 1 4, and before they
bad served thrtt monlha, mutinied and
deserted. The extent and agtcravsted
Character of this mutiny, is not equalled
by any thing of a similar character during
the war. In boldneta and violence ii
Cot Pipkin look immediate steps to ar
Jsl and bring to trial and punishment a
portion of these men, and demanded of
. jQen. Jaclion the organization of a .cour t
- rnirtial for their trUL 1 Ger,! Jackson, at
the djstinre of several hundred miles, or-
- tiered a general court martial to be com-.-posed
of the office rt of the Tennessee
militia, of the same 'regiment to which
' these men belonged, except the Presi
dent of the court, who was a tnilitia offi
cer of the state of Mississippi. --Upon
a full, fair, and ; impartial trial,
these men were found guilty, and six of
lb-Vta"Pi-Ulimt: &C. were; by
sentence of a eourt rnartuV legally tM
slituted, of the competent number of offi
cer! of their own regiment, sentenced to
be shot. Some were recommended for
the pardon of the Commanding General.
They were pardoned, and so were all the
others, except Harris and the five ring
leaders. These men were found guilty
of mutiny and desertion, the highest
crime known to and punished by the
military law of the United States. They
had, by the laws of the land in the opin
ion of their own officers and fellow citi'
zens of their own State, forfeited their
lives they were not recommended to the
mercy of the commanding officer. By
the law, Gen. Jackson wat bound to ap
prove or disapprove the sentence of the
court martial. He could not disapprove
it, for the law and the testimony were
both with the judgment of the court. He
was bound by his duty to hit country, hit
oath at an officer to approve the sentence
of the court martial, where, in his judg-'-.ment;
the law and Jbo
- lenience. : . . " ' ' "
hate, who, under an .assumed and
Counterfeit sympathy for the fate of these
Unfortunate men, for political and party
purposes, have essayed to misrepresent
this transaction, do not reflect, and if they
do, Ihey wickedly disregard the lasting
nd vital injury they inflict upon the in
Witutiona of their. country. In time of
wlr, we must. rely upon the militia aa Our
" ' " chief iupprt when in the service- f-t.be
r-med by -the rules th1 artidcsot wtrby
a- iinf hjfelloverh:awi:v
lates the conduct of every soldier. If it
... thai) be imprf tied upon the minds of the
American people 'that in .time of war,'
militia men have right to mutinv. and
desert, and they are not liable to punish
ment, that strong arm 6f bur' national de
fence will be paralyzed. I have the honor
. to be Tcurvvitb respect, ; 1 .
. P. VVlCKLUW'fih t
REPORT OF THE COMMITTEE.
Mr. Hamilton, from the Committee on Milita
ry Affairs, to which the subject had been refer
red. made the followinr renort i '
(The Committee on Military AflYira, to whom
were referref tie documents communicated by
he fieeretary or-VVar, in obedience to the call
or inn iiotise, oi me loin oi January, relative to
the nroceeuingt of a Court Martial, which com
ioencedtteaitiinif It ojr,ne'f Jtobyeion the 5th
Uecemner, 1814, lor the trial of certain l ennet-
aefr Milrtiarnen, toretber with the. eorrepon
denee between the Governor of that 8tate and
th Seeretarr of War, respecting the lenrtb of
.,r.f : .L.r,.ii . .
acnrice w muuia antiia. oi inai siaie. ounnc
.waiir .wywiffnyp!:jj8,!w8 ;f wfrr
- That, by: the reference of these papers
to your Committee, they have been una
ble to place any other construction on
your order, than, that It was the intention
of the House, that they should examine
the tame, and determine whether all the
document had been communicated, or
were on file in the Department, necet
sary to a true understanding of the case
to which the call for these documents is
applicable; and, if any were wanting, to
ascertain In what manner the deficient
papert could he supplied ; and, in repor
ting upon the nature of transactions,
which these papers disclose, to determine
whether the legislative interference of
Congress be necessnry, as to any amend
ment, either of the Rules and Articles of
War, or the laws governing the militia of
the United States.
In the discharge of thia duty, your
Committee will proceed aoceinttly - to
state to- the House, the character, of the
documents transmitted by the Depart
ment of Wi .-ho "twirlodaniLe venHL.il
which they are applicable ; the law and
public exigency under which the Govern-
or of -1 envieasee, during: J he lttwrr or
dried out the militia drafts of that State,
for the conimon'ilefence of our cdiintVy ;
UndJ!tfy4bejtrimes and offences com-
milieu oy.a portion oi lire mu:ua oralis
so ordered out, which produced a neces
sity for the examples which were made,
and which are disclosed in the proceed
ingt of the Court Martial, convened at or
near Mobile, on the Sib of December,
The first' criticism to which the corres
pondence transmitted, in obedience to Uie
order of this House, by the Department
of Wr, is liable, is the numerical cUssi
ficttion, made by that Department, of the
letters composing this correspondence
The Secretary of iar has transmitted
twelve letters, which passed between the
then Secretary, General Armstrong, and
Governor Blount. Instead of commen
cing the aeries with the letter first in
date, by whlch ihe Inducement would be
shown Tor the reply i this order is inver
ted, and the series commences with a let
ler from the Secretary of War, of the 3d
of January, 1814, marked.No. I ; and his
letters are continued to No.- J. - It to .hap
pens, that the first letter in date, is as low
down a No. 6. Gov. Blount's of the
10th of. December, 1813; and the second
letter In date, is No. 7 .Governor Blount's,
of the 24th of December, 1813; to both
of which- the letter of the 3J of January
1814, of the Secretary of War, it an an-
Your Committee believe that this ar
rangement of the correspondence, is cal
culated to lead to serious misapprehen
sion ; that a reader, not very attentive to
a comparison of dates, would suppose that
the letter of the 3d of January, 1814, re
ferred to such militia drafts as were to be
made in that year, when it is exclusively
applicable to the drafts which had been
made in 1813, for the prosecution of the
Creek war, and which were admitted to
have been executed but for three months.
The injustice which, by a confusion of
dates, would be done, even by possibility,
to the parties concerned in the transac
tions of the militia drafts of Tennessee,
which were made for six months in 1814,
by applying the letter of the Secretary of
War, of the 3d of January, 1814, to sub
sequent drafts for tlx months, instead of
those which were made in 1812, for three
months, ha induced your. Committee, so
to arrange the correspondence, that the
leading fetter, in the seriesi should come
out first, and the subseqUeM letters foh
low in the natural order of their respec
tive dates. Thia obviously just classifi
cation being observed, L will.be pej-ceiy:.
ed, that the letter of the 3d of January,
181, has no bearing upon the drafts of
militia, which were afterwards made lor
six months, in. the progress of that year,
by the Governor of ,Tennesee,.of whic h
t he re glmeht uride r the command of Col.
recited, of the muster Volls of the-different
companies -of Col. Pipkin's regiment,
and the proceedings of the Court Martial
which was convened "It Mobile, on the
5th of December, 18 14r for the trial of
certain Tennessee militiamen," present
upon their f-ce (he following inquiries t .
1st. Whether the Governor of Tennes
teit Mip(Mt9 ,rt6r out dciackV
t State for a six
Sdly. Whether Col. Pbkin'i regiment
was so ordered out, tni
with iucb authority f
3dly. Whether the'aodSert of this re
giment, who were ajraicd for certain
Crimea and offences before 11 a Court
Martiaf, which convened at Btotiile on the
5tb December, rl4,M were1egsfff tried;
and whether the commanding General,
approving: the. proceeding pi.,tbl Court,
properly exercised the power and discre
Id relation to the Srst branch of the
inquiry, it. will be proper to' premise, that
on the 10th April, 181?, in anticipation of
the war about to taM place, Congress
passed an act, which vill be found in the
4th vol. of the Laws of the United States,
page 406, which authorizes the President
"to require the diffecnt Executives of
the States, to organic their respective
proportions of 100,OOCmtli:ia, and to call
into service the whole) or a part, of these
quotas: which detainments were not
compelled to serve loiger than 6 months,
after they arrived at tie place of rendes
voua." This act waa an enlargement of
the act of 1795, whtcl restricted the ser
of the militia, when oiled out by the au
thority of the United States, to three
The act of the 10th of April, 1813, ex
pired by its own limitation on, the 10th of
April, 1814. On the, Ulh of January,
1814, whilst, however, this law was in full
force, Ih then Secretary of Wtr, Gen
AjTnstrongiwrote the leRer numb red
a " ! sT V'-"wi : - m
in the documents, to Gov. Blount,- which
authorizes him M to supply, by tnilitia
drafts. orby. volunteertV-SW deficiebfy
wiiicn may arise in ine muuia division
under the command -of Major.: General.
Jackson, and without rtfemng, on thit
hra&lo thit DffiarlmeM J. andnmheT In
forms Governor Blount lhat M it tnay be
well that your Excellency consult Gener
al Pinckney on such occasions, as he can
best judge of the whole number necessary
to the attainment of the public objects."
I his letter, in the opinion of your
Committee, vested plenary power in
Governor Blount, until it was revoked,
either by express orders, or by peace, to
call out such militia drafts as, in his dis
cretion, he might think' necessary "for
the attainment of the public objects, un
der the existing laws.
T be ctntinueJ,
Some of the friends of Mr. Adams still
flatter themselves, that he will be re elec J
ted. How any man of ordinary capacity,
arid who has access to the public journals
of the country, can entertain such an opin
ion, is to us most astonishinc?. -To at
tempt to argue the friends of Mr. Adams
out of their opinions, or ta remove-their
wilful blindness, we know would be utter
folly . But If there is a friend of Jackson,
who yet doubts the racceps of his cause,
we ' refer him to ihe subjoined table,
which exhibits the lowest possible num
JbecjoI.Koiei thtllhc GencftLwillreteivt Y
New York at least 20, bjit say 12
Pennsylvsnia, i 28
Maryland, 7 certain, but say 6
Virginia, i, 24
North Carolina, 15
South Carolina 1 1
Tennessee, 1 1
...... Making 134
Three more than tbe requisite number,
withou; making any calculation upon New
Jersey, Delaware, Kentucky, Ohio, Mis
souri, o: Illinois.
Vote of Pennsylvania. The Gen
eral Committee of Correspondence.
appointed at the Democratic Conven
tron of -PenaayVvama held OfarnS-
burg, on the 8th of January last, hare
result of the vote of that State at the
next Presidential election, which gives
Gen-. Jackson a majority . .of .forty
three thousand four hundred votes over
waaBawaw" ' " '
From a Northern Paper.
The Emperor of Chin ta now in
h 46th year. . In early life he was
increase his muscular atrength, he
took" medicinal preparations, called
strengthening pills,' which occa
sioned the loss of his teethr lle "is
tail, lack, hollow-cheeked, b!ackvisa-
ged. toothless, and consequently pro-
menta of the miliilaof tl
months' tour of service r
, BOOTS AND 8TIOES.
TUB Mibacriber hat removed hit shop from
the house be lately occupied, opposite th
Wk i . m ....
nanx, o me jioum oi i nomas Aiiiaon, on soum
side of Main street, third house from the Court
House i where he hopes hit former customers.
and otbera wbo want -.
Boot$ and Shoes ,
mad aid wpalfrwin ro : with a calk
i nose, wna pay caw aowa.ior . vorsv ami .upn i
Ltve to be dunned and warranted before they
pay shall have adaductioa made from the uwal
prices i and tnoae who have been punctual in
nivinr mut hcrrtnfniv. mkv meet a VMtonahlc
indu1renebeKanrj.r'AU who owe tVaubscrlr.
ber, are again aked to pay.
Eli EN. DICKSON.
MANSION HOTEL, "
SALISBURY, JVORTU CAROLINA,
BT KIR A ALLBMOXO.
rpHlS elegant establishment, situated
J. at the north corner of the Court-
House, has been recently repaired and
itted up in a new and superior style, lor the re-
ception of Company, lite greatest pains hare
been taken to procure for this ettablinhment
new furniture of every description, tiecewary
for the comfort of Travellers i the moit ap
proved servants have been' selected with great
care i the bar stocked with choice liquors, and
tbe stables attended by obliging and attentive
hostlers. The convenience of this situation is
equal to any in the place. Tbe house contains
a number of private rooms, and out-houses, well
calculated for tbe accommodation of Travellers
and Boarders. Attached to which, there ia a
Dry Goods and Book Store.
To thoe who may please to call on bim, he
assures them that no pains will be spared to
render their stay comfortable and pleasing...,; ..
X.WILLEJ & CO
C At the Sign f the "Mortar iinJFetile.'J
York, a jarge supply of
which, together with their former stock, make
their present assortment replete with the most
valuable Medicinti sold in our country. As they
are determined to make this establishment
worthy of public patronage, they now offer for
sale. Wholesale ami Retail, the above Medicinti,
Ue. on the most- reasonable terms.
Phyiiciani in this section of the country, as
well as thoe to the westward, who, heretofore,
have been in the habit of supplying themselves
with Medicines from the north, ami elsewhere,
will find it for their inirreti to encouraee the ef.
fortf of the pre?f nt , proprietors, in making thia
a useful and permanent srantL
N. B. Ordert carefully and punctually put up,
srreeablf to directions i and on the shortett no
tice, iiautbury, Auv. Mln, low . . w
FROM RALEIGH tO SALISBURY":-
THE subscriber having
. purchased thia route
of Mr John Moreing, Jun.
respectful! v Informs the
public tliat no r ierfions in his power Shan be
wanting to render it as expeditious, safe and
comfortsble a it has hitherto been under the
superintendence of its former indefatigable and
wonny pwncr. . ...
There will be no chaneesin the route. The
m.m nuial. illj!uatiniie.tanin.froin Rsleiirh
to Hali?burv, mc PittsboroiiBh and Asbboroiighi
..a w. a f?l J
once a wecx. It leaves iwieign every ri
at 2 o'clotr. tl4. and arrives at Salisbury on
Monday at 10 o'clock, a. w. Price of passage
from Raleigh to Salisbury, 7 dollara, and at the
same rate for any distance on the route. All
trunks and other baggage taken into the Stage,
shall be delivered at the place -to which they
are directed, on the responsibility of the sub
scriber. The subscriber hazard' nothing in
saying that thia it the nearest, cheapest and
most agreeable route from Kalcigh to Salisbury j
ami he. therefore, with the greater confidence
solicits public patronage.
GEORGE WILLIAMS, Jr.
January 8. t828. 3mtl4
YOUNG SIR ARCHIE,
BT OLD MR A 'if-HIE, OF ROAXOKE,
T1TI LI, stand the . ensuing
f f season, at the store of
Rurtn U Clayton, at Beaty's
Pnrd. within 18 miles of Lin-
cointon, and 23 of Charlotte ; and will be let to
Mares st the very moderate price f $8 the sea
v. o id. .inert. nd 9115 the insurance.
the money for insurance will be claimed as toon
as the mare is discoverd to re with fosl, or the
property changed, . .... .
- Srft Aacnia is- a beautiful dark bayr j t,ars
old neat spring, upards of 16 bands high, Of
great power actionjind vigor s and, in point of
blood, is inferior to noTioithhr Smitherti
etnt. .. will Ka sen bv the followinr certifi.
cate from Judge Cameron and Mr. Bennehan,
of Orangewhich luiiy esiaousnes nit peuiKree i
- yv e ceniiv, ihv nc u nui'v
Sir Archie, sold in August last to Mr. Alfred
M. Burton, of Lincoln county, was raised by
.... ik.i i a.. mt hv Old Sir Archie, hit dam
by Eagle, hit gran Jam by the imported horse
Druid, his great, great om, uy ".
He was sii years old list springs Jannaty 334
1828.:-::...,.; DUNCAN CAMERON,
'-;.-- THOMAS Jk-Jiaaiisaiaysi;
on the 1st of Ausrust rood
will hf furniihed gratis, and eram at
the market price, if fequiredi care will be la
ken to prevent accidents or escapes, but no h-
b litv J0r eitner. auulu n. wv.i. .
wilt publish the abwa i thne and forward
fi accounts to nre p i
JOHN YOUNG'S ESTATE, l '
TflE undersigned liaving qualified, at Ttbny
try sessions of Knwan count v eourt, a ad
minittrator on tbe estate of John Young, dee'iL
requests all person indebted to said estate to
make paymant, and all parson having cUima -against
the tame,,to present them for payment, '
withia tha time ptecrilitd by lw, nr this notice
will be plead in oar. v. M. H Odd,,
19A.182S. . 3mtl5
f ititi dw bom a: ine cmin-nouti on-1 uv-
T V . day, the 15th dsy of Apnl next, the loU
mrimr kxv m name m tow owM.Miisaun.,,
or to much thereof as will be sufficient to aatisty
(be Commissionera Taxes due thereon, from tb -t -L-sl 7"
ya 1820, to the year 1828.towit i ir'ji
The house and lot formerly owned by SaDy ,
Abbot, deceaaed, now by Abraham Jaeobt.
Lots formerly owned by B. P. Pearson, now
by John McClelland.' J-
Houses and lota belonging to Barnabas K ri
House and lot belonging to Francis Coupee a
estate. . --
House snd lot now owned and occupied by
nouses and lota occupied by John Trexler.
House and lot formerly owned by Thomaa
Holmes, now by Samuel Jones.
House and lot owned by Rarpn Keitler. -
House and lot formerly owned by MartLav
Watson, now by Mrs. West.
House and lot beloncrine to tbe estate of thw
late Mr, Smethers. I "
House and lot belonirint- to tbe estate of the
late Thomaa Todd
Also, lota numbers S3, 24, 31, 32, 3S, and ST,
the West Square t lota numbers 38, 39, 4A
and 47, ia the fcaat 8quara of said town.
All of which will be actually struck off to too
last bidder on that day, if tbe lasts due tbereoo -
nor previously paia. t
WIUJAM. HOWABQ, CT.T.
March i'K 1828. 6(9 :
THE subscriber respectfully informs the eit
isena of Salisbury, and the aurrouiulisiv
country, that he has estsbl'isbed a Bock Bindery I
In vaid town.-on Main ree Tew :dbor swtB?---
of the Court-House where b win be thankful
fo receive anv kliwf of wnrkTn Ru'Tmnrhnbn.'
From. a.ntt(njjUr4ofjeaav in Europe
and America, he feels confident of being able t
gW entire atitfwctincM0 all thoaa who may IV
vor him with any description of Bintanj.-'- -
Blank Bkt made to order, after any pattern
furnished, on short notice, and at prices which
no one can complain of.
Old Bok Rebound, either plain or ornamen
tal, on the most moderte terms. All order
from a-disf anee, faithfully attended to. Tbe pat. .
ronage of tbe public ia repectfully solicited, by
their obt servt JOHN H. DE CAHTKRET.
Sahihnru, April 29th. 1827. . 62
Slate ofXorth Carolina, Hturford ctvnfy r
COURT of pleas and quarter session. January
sessions, 1828. Chsrles Alien. Mary Hicka,
Sarah Hooker, and William M. Rooker,tw. Solo,
mon'and Ffiaabeth Ttbar, Thomas and Susanna
Walls i petition for partition. It appearing to
the satisfaction of this court, that the defendants
in this case are not inhabitanta of thia state, on.
dered, therefore, that publication bt.madc la
tbe Western Carolinian for aix weeks, that the
defendants, . Solomon: and Enzabeth 'aber,
Thomas and Suzana Walk, do appear before the
justices of our next court of pleas and quarter
sessions to be holden for tbe county of Kutb
erford. at the court-house in Kutherfordton, on
the 3d Monday after the 4th Monday in. March
next, then and there plead, answer or detmir, or
judgment will be entered up againat them,
agreeably to the prayer of the etitinnectv-'-''
- 6tll Attest : ISAAC CRAtON, C. C,
Slate of Worth Carolina, Rutherford county t.
eOt'.B.l..q 'pleas, sndmisr" session, Janoary
term. A. D. 1828 : Banitlii LedbtteJihB",
Searcy in right of his wife Sarah, and Norman
Williams in -right of bis te -Nancy, r. Gabriel
Wilmoih, and Wm. Vt'hitesidts, and .Moses
Whilesides, adm'r. of John Lvdbftter, dee'd.
and others : Petition for distributive share. It
appearing to the satisfaction of the court, that
Gabriel Wilmoth, one of tbe defendanta in this
cause, is not an inhabitant of this' state, it is or
dered by the court that publication be made
for aix weeka in tbe Western Carolinian for tbe
defendant to appear before the justices of our
court of pleas and quarter sessions to be holden
for the county of Rutherford, at the court-house
in Rutherfordton, on the 3d Monday after tbe
4th Monday in March next, then and there to
plead, answer or demur, or judgment will be
entered up against him agreeably to tbe prayer
of tbe petitioners- 6tll
Attest: ISAAC CRATON, C. C.
Alow of North Carolina, Rutherford county'.-
COURT of pleas sud quarter aersiuns, January
sessions, 1828: Muses Simmon, vs. Joaepa
Hsles and wife Rebecca, heirs of Edward Ivy,
deceased : petition for partition. It appearing
to the satisfaction of the court that the defen-
dant Joseph Hales snd wife Rebecca, are not
inhabitanta of thia slate, ordered, therefore, that
imblication be made in the Western Carolinian
of ill wetks, that I ha defendants Joseph. Halea .
and wife Rebec, appear before the justices of
our next court of pleas and quarter aeteiont to
be holden toe the xouhtjf cjutberford,: tJhe;
court-house in Ruthrrfnrdton, on the 3d Monday
after the 4th Monday in March next, then and
there plead, answer or demur, or judgment will
be entered up apmiost them, agreeably to- tbe
prayer of the petitioner. 6t 1 1
Attest I ISAAC C KATUN. C. V.
Stale of North-Candita, Iredell County :
StiHKHIOR Court of Law, Fall Term, 1833"
Sally Deaton vo. Jamet Uraton i Petition
for IMVorcer ln this ease H -is vrdcrad.by that ,
Court that notice be given fur three Hionthaln
the Weste CaroliiiMn; printed in Saiwbury j
defendant James Beaton, -appear as next
Sunerior Court of Law to be held for the Coun
ty of Iredell, at the Court House k. Stiteavilh?,
on tbe fifth Monday al ter the fourth Monday in
March next, then and there to plead to, or an
wer the' ne'titioti of Sally Deaton, or that the
same will be 'taken pro confeno, and will Do
JJtv i est,, i Aa. wifBtj-l
. .. 4;