A. 1 1 i f vi r 1 I'll f '
TOT i,TT ,
)lto4HlrMkM,Hi m.ti ir rT'
,w...t ttww. , wiw.iu,n,v IIM.MIJAY, IICTOIIRK 20, IC23.
Vol x no, m;
X " f , 1 I I f ' It III ! I f 1 III
-, - ...., . . , - , , . - -
' - . . ..
jiij l-r1 ' I ..' .1
4, it, if m l- W4. t ! ii.ii kii k-. tinj,tt4
1 . Ma mm ( 4ut H p4
4 - I. M It. J.,...
l M S4.M, axil it , 4 SdmflUtmtmH
Vtll W "' 4 ! (HI, 4 m
I . -".- Is..-."?,
MhT OF LKrmiH
KLMlI-MUi, Jt,o Timl 'Jfllc. mfcalUUrr,
XrnniiVU 1st dive ci.'ber, 18.V.
MrrhiitT ftnwstrr rJami e. Kerr r
Marcus V. Beard
M.e I- Hro
) I Barber
Jlcnnr Hf ker
Mi r. Co
Armor'J H. Coll?
M ilie Con
Ilfnr Cbriit'wa '
w. a Duke 7
Jgbo K. Iinn
Uro. V Detc'tut
jo. ;. l.Wr
frier Rr. .
Jm. or JJk niTii
Jubn 1 rltjr
Jacub ruikr w Taul
Pcer r'rete 2
Oiks t Onflia 2
Caijr Olwrr .
Juhn I', (ionikle
Do L Heifer
June F. Heie
tV m. A. Howel
John Tlii'ifhVi"' '
Jimci C Hele
FreHne Henderion 3
- Ileorye Howard
William n. Hughci
ijilly O. Hadfii
J U Ijckle
H.ttUw U. L".ke
John H. Ick
Jul. i lrnce
Jane Li. M.IIor
Peli r II. llHiry
J (dm W. Xloyer
flenry Mctstmore '
Air lander Netbclt
'Juhn F 4
h, Palmer .
John Sir art
Uw'd. II. Stephen.
George U". Spcan
Uvy E. SfiMth
Maj Jamei Smith
Jicob Tn.ni'rmin "
- Ih'I. H'ebt
: Mr. L. Ward.-
Ww'd. P White
CJeorf r Warner
Jjlm Johmtonor Peter Jam t Willis
K rider Tttoma Walker
John Johnston Flijali Young
Thomas C. Jones Phihp Yost
Frn1' Johnston "" Reuben Yarbrottfrh.
3t90 RA'MTFL ItF.KVF.S, . M.
" - " 7
1 UCMwopeninr MWtbci!fr'f fHtfrefts
..i ' -DRY 'GOODS
aiaaoH mry .kactlio, suited) to J
oi fjHt year, aim,
Hardware and Cutlery,
t ttenMve In aietv ltd amount,
selected bv birtaelr with rare, am!
brxiicht for rMii on the best terms, in PhilaeJ.
fdiia aii l Nev.Vork. The public arc assured
they will rlnr. a Urge and full aunol. aiul lower
for cash tliau UHial, or otherwise on accofnmo
(Uiniir terms. Th?r are resnect full invited to
call, see fashions, limine fjtishties, hesr prices
sny J'tne vir UiCDrselves,
J M. tespectfully bep to rctum bis unfeign
ed ihanki for the ery librral aiul distinfisljed
pslrotiijfe he hi b-en so hiihly Itonourrd with
by a liscertinr yubli", and Sopes, b a diligent
attention, to merit a corrtinuutcw vf the amsAc.
5o'4ifrw, Sffi. 28, 1 8 7), 86
IX SAL1SIICKY, N. CAHOLINA,
at Kzujt ju.usjunxa.
fflOID elersnt P..kl.J.m i
II If M M Kluatcd it lh North I
A the Court-llouae. and in lh cen-
fTci J rr of biisinesa. The proprirtir
his taken great puna to proeure for thrr eitab
I'lslimcitt, loxuiture of erery description nec ea
tery to the comfort of Trarrllcrs, and no e.
per.se mill he spsretl in providine; for the I'sble
th; best the rxintry slford. 'I he Bar will be
stocked with choice LiUort, and t!w S'ablrS,
eouaf tn vrr 'm be a'e, prorttlrd with fWty
of provcnler o aJJ ktwds, aud Mended by ohh.
fwg aiid attend ;e Hostlers. 1 he convenience
of this situation ii rqusl, if not superior, to any
in the plcei the Houc contains a number uf
private rooftis, w'rth out-hoturs, well calculated
Ion be acrutumodalion of Travellers, iih or
withotit fanulirs. On the prcmists is an It F.
H'lLM, which will regularly be supplied when
ever thr rn ?n will admit of i. The ubcri
brr asiures the public that nothing khall be
wanting, ou hit part, to makr'lhase oimfurtablc
who nuy think proper to call.
...IU:.-TI'C s'v ib.nMUrT linwln anj
Cheru SI'.iCt.S, stop at the Hotel,
EZRA AM.F.MONR, .1i?t.
.Uh$!,Hrw, y. C. Srpr, lOrA, ncy. r 8-91
fTnilF ih:nler Iihs just reeeived, from New
JL i ork and rtiilaue Inhis. anl la now openmr.
Store in CO.NCOKl). a general assort-
SadHen, ' Medicines,
Paints, &c, byc,
LIST- OF LETriCRS teudinir tu aca iuriuA, he. fecW au'rd that
EMA1MN0 m the PosfoflTtce at Ctmconl. ftie csn sell on terms which wiil be sstwfactory to
N. Carolina, on the lt of October. 1829. those wishing to purchase
Lausoi. II. Alexander
John C. Bnrnheart
James II. Txirns
Charles V. Lllutn
Cathirim- Brown 2
John I.- Barringcr
(Jeo. or Andrew Cur
Elijah. B. Davis 2
Andrew Davis 2
.John F. Dry
John Garfnon 'i
.James. Harris - -
apt. 6m'l. CV HmMary-Wilkiioo-
lil Sarah Harris Daniel Udy
Alexander lrwtn Dan'l. Walker
M'iiliam A. Johnston Sam'l Weddintrtoi
Thomas Lofron Capt. James White
- I'hwofts-Littleton Jamea Wier ...
Wm. McLean, Esq. 2 3t90
D. 8T0BKT"., P. f.
Sfahj sJVerfA CartUna, Davidton wtnty :
.. . vummbned. as garnishee., , ,lu tbiacase it appear.
jflg-t- the satisfaction of the eort", Ihaf ttie d"e.
fctklanf, Frederick Craver is not an inhabitant of
' this state, U is .therefore ordered by the court,
flt publication be made six weeks successively
tn the Western Carolinian, printed in Salisbury,
for the said l'rederick Craver to be and appear
, before the justices of our court of pleas and
. garter -sessie ns, to be held for the county of
Pavidson aforesaid, at the court-house in Lex
ington, on the 2d Monday in November nexti
then and there to replevy or plead, otherwise
Judgment final will be entered against him, for
Jhe plaintiff! debt and cwsts. Witnea David
Juck, clerk of our said court, at ofRce. the 2d
Jnday of Augukt, Anno D.omini, J829.
. J); MOCK, .
Chri?topher L ffler
Tliomas Motler 2
Joseph It McKinley
Christopher Mclchor 3
A. C. .ticliee
iumrt)rd S. McKinzIe '
Itobert T. Plunkct
John N. Phifer
Mis Mary Parks
Seth Hodgers 3
John Iteiidiomaii 2
Ozni Hotlg-r rs
Secretary of Stokes
Ixlge No. 32
Mis Ann M. Walker
Rev. John Wilson, D. D.
George Ury, Esq.
1 he public are rcpcctlully invited to call and
examine for ttiemsclvra.
QcttlfT i,ih, 1829. :imtl00
WT AS just receivc-tl, mid u;iuk J a' his Store
1 H in Salisbury, a large ami nanusome assort
Snrins and Summer GOODS ;
Also, Groceries, Hardware .Cutlery, Plated Ware,
Hat-s, and Ha'ters' Trimmings, ( rock
ery, a gorhl assortment of Holting
f l'Mh;, Shoes Honnets,rS.
and every article -usually iiCi
asked for in stores. r
His stock tff goods has beeat purehased entire-
ly for.fuj ; ami he is determined tqse 11 tfiem
as low- caiv be hid ui lUe rjiace,.l'ir,caUJQr 1.9
punctual customers on a short credit.? . J.1e pub
lic are respectfully invited to call, examine, and
judge for themselves.
tia.ibury, Junr M, lo29. 70
THE THOROUGH BRED iiOKSl
THE GOLD REG10X.
T Iht r.ltoiJtki If irrw CrWa4
iai I ssnd s-wi trj.nl MtratU foin a Iteriort
(4 oat GoM fc-jiofl in bt ffouibtr lutes, rrad
oetor tut Lyceum of NsruraJ Uen ia the
Cltjf .Nw Tik, and to b pJJJMfo m.
sa,ai J rami tt M4 tU Arts. TU tt.
la- Mrim mmm to 4W puM'ef
awrSCWinsi ind h If his pemWCoa
that 1 wave made the fqwlKrUreWoni.'t Ji
your paper, atxMld ym think then wffleWndi
interesting to Hf reailera. I have tb honor to
be, retpectfutly, fce. L0L1S D. Wjt()N.
An. ftf-fr, Srpt. 22 J, 1829.
Th Gold Region Is much rnort cx
tensive than bt been hitherto supposed t
it commences in the neighbourhood o(
Iht Coosa and Tallipooss Rivera, in the
Sir of AUbima, sod attends northeast
through the western parte. of Georpli.
South Carolina, Nartb Carolios, the mid
die pans of Virginia, Mrs UikI, and Emi
ly a narrow strip or belt reaches the .Dela
ware rite r, few milet west of Trenton,
The width ocruple the jrrea'er rurt of
.a .a -
me wnoie great none Irotn the fooi nfih
Blue Ridge, or Alkghany Mountains, to
Use smsll granite rtdge seen elong the
borders of the diluvial formation or lower
country through (be Sou'.hero country,
Irom the DeLjwire io the Ceatahooehr
rivers. A narrow strip or
iend through Ffnosyivania, hicH trnr
be keen a few milet weat of TWUdelphii,
on 'he roads either to Hrfhlehem or Hr
riibuff j but S uih of the Su(sjehannah,
by far the greater part of theaurface of
the country between the Unn Ridge nl
the diluvial, it mado up of tre gold tr
ntion. This formation atretikettbroueh
near-ttghty-degreea t)f latitude, in
nonh east nd vrath-weit dirrrtion ; m
m the State of North Carolim, is nore
hun two humlred milet wide, from east
to wett, composing an area of not less
than eighty thousand ujuair milet.
Within the limits of the pld formation
in North Carolina, is a gsl.uty of Iron
Mines. This range of Iron ore is seen
in ibc.touth cktt part oLihe county of
Rutherford, and passtt into South Carn
Uui.fiou JUtharford or -the north, it
i una through Lincoln county, into Wilkes
and Surry counties, it aeeh in yarlous
places through Virginia nd "MTr land,
land not improbably rrxchct Fenniylvania
ana ie Jersey.
Iron worki have been erected Jn Lin
coin, R other fotd, Wilkes and Surry cun
tiet, in ionh. Carolina; and at several
piaces through Virginia and Marstand.
Hjr iron it forged in various places, ai
well at numerous kinds of castings made
Irom the ore. During the late war
large quantities of Iron were manufac
tured at the numerous.. Jron works .it),
.North Larolma; and the buuaeia is atill
carried on to a large extent. The ore
often lies on the surface, and on high ele
vations; and it to abundant, that the dn
is not far distant, wheo the Southern States
will he supplied with iron from their own
There is no counfy in the world that
enjoys a finer climate than trtat section of
country generally does, embraced in the
gold region. Elevated above the lower
or diluvial country, the violent bilious
diseases arising from marines, swamps.
tormtnting inhkLmnts, the moschetoet,
may be said to be rarely known. The
ranges wf Alleghany Mountains, especial
ly through Georgia, and the Carolines
and ii gioia, frequently rise o a great
height, in North Carolina (Tien to six or
seven thousand feet above the ocean ; and
stretching along north east and south
esli in vast piles and masi.es, protect the
country, irom the cold blasts of north west
wind, which prevail during the winter
momhvin- (be northern pam of 4he- i'wl
ted Stales. The chilling 'storms from
north east, and the drep snows of the
eastern slates, seldom reach south of the
r-oioraac Saiaw rarely falls in North
Carolina to lie more than a day or two ;
CJON ot the imported
Horse ta?t(m tand
the Fall Seaon, commen
cing the lOdayofSiptem
ber, and ending the 15th
day of November, in the
town of Salisbury, on Mon-
IU0 nesdavs : and in the town
tfayt and Saturdays s wndwdlbelet to Alare at
tight dollars the Season j .r dollart the Leap;
and rwefr dollars to insure a loal.
84 S. I.. FF.RRAND,
.V. 10, 1829. C. L. BOWERS.
lioAA Vnaung aMacViae.
JfJJOTICE. This h to notify the public in gen
il eral, that having acquired from the De
partment of State of the United Statetf a patent
for the Machines for Washing, Cleaning and
Separating Gold dust, consisting of a Funnel,
Trunk and Spout, I. hereby forewarn all persons
from using or making said Machines without ray
permission. tflCHARD LEE.
and further south, may be said to be al
most unknown. The pulmonary com
plaints of the eastern states rarely occur ;
the prevailing winds at all seasons of the
year, are south-west, and come from the
Garni, of Mexico.- A person travelling
through the country v ill see as many
The baf.lt of CpW 1'entir.Soutb-CorollaaJbf Virginia, a
of Klng'a Mountain at Rjmsour'a MilU, tuck v. are
Loid Cnrnwallii, at HilUboroun1 under
loi. wuhington it well ttnutiy tmpor
tint Iransactionj and military movements
la Virglnlav-lraoaplred wiihijtblsiectlon
orfountrf. orjiiiH bataleiicraik-
u, ivr ( auiag (en, nt nirjn pute Pi
residence of many crest arid distinguish
ed - men - f our- eotirttry - I rt-'-Geoeiria
aiHj ?outhH'aroiina, h hst-produret! lf.
Criwlord. Mr. Calhoun. Mr. Smith. Mr.
McDuffic and othera j in Nonh-Caroliiu,
Genetsl Jacktoft, General Davie, Govern
or Citwelt, Governor Martin, Mr. Hen
derton, ind ohrtj Id Virginia, Patrick
Henry, Mr. Randolph of Roanoke, Mr.
Gilti, Mr. Jefferson. Mr. Madison; Mr.
Monroe, thWf justice Marshall, Mi . Uivei,
Mestrt. Ririeri, end Mercer in Mary
land, Mr. WH, the venerable Charlet
Carroll, and uvrral other distinguished
individusls, have had their birth or resi
dence in the Hin of country combining
the gold region.
The toil in the gel I region.it general
ly fertile, more esperi illy on the banks of
rivers and creeks ?ome of the finest
wheat and tobacco lands in Maryland and
Vitgiow, at well as. the com, cotton rxl
wheat lands of the Carolinat and G'corjjta,
are included in this section of (niuun. - !
The timber It penersiiy yellow or j.ucn
pine, white o una hickory jn the eas
tern part toward the Allcg.iii4, along
the sUcamt, elm and itcamore, and tome
oft maple ; oh ridges, and near the
mountains, chesnut, white as!, .some
beach and sugar maple, are the prevail
Grasses, in general, do not flourish so
well cast of the Rluc RiJge ; but tn ar
living amongst the mountains, they are
adorned with luxuriant ptuiesj and all
kinds of herbaceous vegetation, are seen
in the greatest perfection.
The general tuifart of the ronn'.rt in
North Carolina, embraced in the Gold
Region, may, for the tnst p..rt, be railed
a gentle slope of territory. The streams
all run eastward into the Atlantic Oicun :
the turfite cannot he luld to Lc generally
nilly. or mount iinuoi ; though some
parts present a rolling, broken cntintry,
with billk and mountains of moderate elc
ration. As o approach the Allcgmiaa,
the country bcconivs bj)d in its features.
The ttlue Ridge Throwi "off numerous
spurs; eastwirtly; wbtch cut up the
tountiy in'o high, rugged mountains,
with their rallies and crystal sirrams.
The main range of mountains, frequently
rise to a majestic height, with peak. that
tower in sublime grandeur, overlooking a
great extent of country, in alt directions.
One of these, culled the Urami I'uthrr
Mountain, situated between Ihe'counties
of Burke and- Ashei-cannot be lass than
seven or elglft thousand' fact 'above the
Ocean. ft seems Jtke 4. vast pyramid, on
the summit of tmuieasc "piles of moun
tains. Nothing csn exceed its comman
ding situation. On the east side, (he
Yadkin and Catawba Rivers lake their
rise, and run houth east through North
and South Carolina to the ocean. On the
north side, and at its base, commen
ces the Great Kcnhawa ; and, winding
amongst the Allegatiics in Virginia,
reaches the Ohio rivrr 40- miles tliitont
Oo.ihejwest1ttutt the Tennessee and
Holston, which tiuiiing, plough south into
nf the tnstern part of Ken
within bit rantre. On ih
nul6-WCl!ire !hj,Xat.ia.4l Altera
niet, comtngr Irom a sightless distance'
or to Iht base of th innarle on"whkh
he ttanda. Oii the nonh rait it the Wof -Mtuit,
long rntta - itwjf tv4 ih
r W pUfV.f i5t fUbfi ytak
oa pe,k uniU.I'Nt.in the .daunt. hnrl- ...
fjfil the aif he breathes ia n... .
the ifetperlinbrtetef ? not a It fat in In'.-:
nrtr'rf'i - TYptllerappeart 1o-'Torraent
him. fhe bate of the pinnacle that ele
vate him, ha berome baldi th ira
and ahrubt diitappeir on ascending the
raun range, until (he Trowoirfg rocka
nd clilft triqmph over ih ti.hr
kingdom. He finds that he It no longer
ii ne ruiKi regions of the temperate
r.anc. instead of the vine end the myrtle,
the eitreme height of hit eleratlaiu.anur.
ning the prcKluciirtns of rnifder rlimes,
Cspt Tself with the Norwegian nine, th-
Companion of H,perb.jrc,to biatit and
ttonnt. 1 here is no tpot along the
whole line of jhe Allerai.ies. from Ala-
bama to Canada, trist will so amply re-
jrd the lover of seblimn and grand
scenery, it a visit to the- Orir.d Father-
Moiinisini th itiah some rle'v(i,.n in
Zenith Carolina, as wrfl s nthera in Nnnh
Cartdins, are very coinma-i.tin.
i pe n"st iM3r tint uriiM j
Alabama, and turning north into Tcnnes
see, -unite with- 'be Oluo ten or twelye
hundred miles from their source. These
streams ran be seen from the summit of
the Grand Father Mountain, a great dis
tsnce in their windings and turnings -cm j
their way to the ocean- The travtller
who reaches the summit of this mountain
looks down on the country in every di
rection, with feelings of sublime and ma
jestic awe. There is a stillness thai
Cdtvpied over him in an immense con
cavity, with batiks of clouds in the hoii-i
zon, anp-tremlv below loin, "is eye ex
reunify, is a rrJ argi(letis toil, t'lntosr:..
ttm where eer, Day uTter day, and
weeks together;' fir "miy travefi' and the "
same peculiar redneis will appear by the
way-side, in ploughed fields, in ravinet
along the banks ol atrnams, and almost in
every place where the eye cn rest.
This lednessof soil is clled, in Virginia,
the rrd fonJi i andtVilar as my JnLxru-. . ...
ilon rxiatiiis, is commensurate witn the
gold formation. Tnis soil seems to have
bon f.rmcd by the lcumpoitioii cf the
tuojirrnt rocks and is etsily dmin
gtiished Sy Its bright re 4'", fron that
atlsing from the decomposition of the
saml t'ones. tl covers the greater part
ot the Wentern half of North Carolina ; is
sctn in Georgia, South Catollna and Ala
tiims v tt ot rupict he ifener finrt ol
Virjjinia, from the Blue Ridge to the low
whihM y -f is tn in th uaihnrliood of
Fredericksburg, and on tne road frnm
that, plaro lo the I'otomac rirer. Ths
red land about the heights of George
town, and on the rotd from -Whington
tn -fiiMlnsHjrg, re of thiv fi matioii.
The" counties of Frcueri k, Montgimrty','
part of Annspotis", Utltimoir, and Har
ford, In Maryland, arn covered to a grrat
extent with this red soil. It often lies
over the granile, next to the diluvial for
mation, in patches throughout inc. South?
ern country- The I'enliciiiiary near tho
'dty'of Baltimore, stands on this soil Let
a person-who hat travelled n the Caro
lines and Virginia, start from Hsimoro
aud go weu to. llariMit's Tetry, on tho
I'otomsc, distant 75 miles", he will soon
recognize his acquaintance, the red soil,
after passing two or three miles from tho
city. The soil has the same peculiar,
red apperance ; ami the rocks aisociated
with it, are the same as those seen far
ther south in Carolina.
The traveller who pases through the
Gold country, will see innumerable
ranges of white quart ( Msi'tred oer the
ground in tho greatest con'tiMun, on its
surf jr;e"gTn eirtlyr-in -a nrrrttreast-and
touih-west direction. These are called,
by the inhabitants of the country, Flint
Ridgn, and are the Gold Mi net them
To a person residing in the gold re
gion, nothing can be tn te easy than to
discover gold wherever it is to be found.
l.tl him, in the first place, proceed to a
flint ridge, especially if it is situated in
the red fcoil : ,-t common fiyi'tg pn and a
spade, are the only implements necessary
to commence rrratiorrs let him -dig" up
a" few" spades full nf the fed esrrh "tying'
near the surface, "and amongst the masies
of quartz, or flint the fryint pan lieiag:
tth this red earth, he miy next re-
i i i . tt. .e
linn, i nev nu wrj-, -
?.taies. , It is not uncommon to aee indt
viduals of both sexes, eighty, ninety, and
in some instances an hundred years or
more" old. " For mildness of climate,
general salubrity of atmosphere, and
longevity of its inhabitants, to country
exceeds that of the gold region.
. Th'ia country is not only, interesting to
the man of science, but also lo the histo
rian, on account of its having been tbe
theatre on which many of the great and
important scenes of the Revolution were
acted, which contributed to the establish
ment of the independence of r-nr country.
South Carolina, and tinigia : the state ol
Tennessee etof the Cumberland Moun
tains, as well as the high and mountain
ous range of country iu hc westcri? part
tlov. Xarun was one -of the delcgatrs from
North Carolina lo the eonverrttorr Which formed
the present Constitution of the Lniteil sutes ;
M himseii, in a beautiful, clasAical atyle j and
would, if published, be an 1rjiot iiivaluablc
docnment.for e-nkiiiiog the views and inten
tions of the framert of the Constitution, at the
time this great bulwark of our liberties ww es
tabl'mhed. The Gov. was one of tbe Delegates
who did Dot sign the Constitution i and it is faid
he never .published his report of tbe debates,
because he thought the views cf some of the
nembers, as esprened in debate, mibt injure
them in the estimation of the public At lh
Governor's decease, these debates went into the
possession of bit descendants, wLo nuw resile m
Surry county ; and miht prbab! be Obtained,
should any one mAe application, in urisjr list
;hcv m'vgtit be gi.cri to V? p';-
suit to wmc rivulet or spring of water in
the vicitv'y, and commence working fho
earth ; water is to be pn tlyrcely poured
into the pan at firvU and tbe. wbolu quaa:
:kty agitated ; at the tame time, the
earth should be frequently stirred up. so
that the water will more completely' peo
etrate oil its pans; let fresh water bo
thewt-lt i 'tirred.an4 the .,agil4tfd '
mlrirites, all the earthy and ferfuginout
particles will have become suspended in
the water, and floated away as fresh wa
ter has been from ti mo to time added;
what now remains in the pan, will bo
coarse pebldes and gravel : water should
continue lo be poured on these, whilst
the parti4 constantly agitated, which set
tles the gold to the bottom by thepowcr
of gravitation t the coarser pieces can be
picked out by the tinkers, while thft fyljtV
' Ai tuYtf la NqrJh-Ca'Tol. ti.