Western Carolinian (Salisbury, N.C.) /
July 20, 1830, edition 1 /
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SALISDUitY, .ROWAN COUNTY, N. C....,....TUESDAY, JULY. 20, 1830.
VOU Xt.....NO. i23. ,
'. T ' Til una t ikt WhIui (UrcltoJM vlH
hriwtf m it-hiyi . -
r. fe.ll,-. ui a klfftr mil t M tv 4flllara nt. If ull
I t . H Ml 4 k diKtkiu, it t tk 4iera
. iTuk tS Ijmwi, rtl ll ta.t .-6.,lt l,- 1 itirtUtmff
emit wok tfct, ar. fMUta ttiar.aJUr. , !.( oiut
M watu ail iu 4itM4 w Ux Saitcra, w tbajr ujr Ml
. ajfia t. -, - ;' - ' .,
3L;M3 or the dnitrt Statco :
fatsedut Me .SVmoi the Slat tVijreit,
in Act to provide fur an exchange of lands with
the Indians, residing, in any of the Statea or
Territories, and for tbeir removal West of the
rircr Mississippi. 1
BE it enacted by the Senate and House
of ltefireaenlativei of the United Statet of
America in lingrest assembled, 1 hat it
&hal! and ma; be lawful fur the President
of the United Stales to cause so much of
any territory belonging to the United
&uies Wont of ibe rivet: Mittbivtippi, oot
includsd in Bny Statea, or organised ter
ritory, and to which the Indian title hj
been extinguished, as he may judge ne
cessary, tu be divided i:no a suitable
Dumber of districts, (or the reception of
tch tribes or nations of Indians as may
"choose to exchange the lands where they
tow res'de and remove there ; and to
distinguished from etery oilier.
Sec. 3. And be it Juxther enacted, That
it shad and may t lawful for ihe Presi
dentto exchange any or all such distiicts
to as to ie hi I off tuii described, wi;h any
tribe or nations of Indians now. residing
within the limits of any of the States or
Territories, and wi'h which the United
Suits hdve existing treaties, fcr the who!
or ii y part or portion of the territory
claimed and occupied bv such tribe or na
tion, wi hin the bounds of any one or
. more of the States or Territo.'tea, where
the land claimed and occupitd by the In
(diarm. i owned by tne United States, or
the tJnited States iieliudi tfo-Sut
... .V-ithio which it hasio .extinguish i the Id
tfan claim thereto
- Sec 3 And he it further emuttdi- That
in the miking of aiiv such txehange or
exchjnges, it shall and mjy be lawful for
the President solemnly to assure the tri'e
or nation with which the exchange is
nade, that the United State's will forever
- .8?!lUf.ft M C.Wr?0:.ee to them and. rbiir
changtd with them; and iniiey prefer it,
ol grunt to be made ar.u executed to ihcm
fr the -samn :
auch I j r. d s slu
Vroxnded aiwuijs, 1 nai
I revert to the Uni'etl
States il 'he l v'ins become extinct, or
itbandn the sa.ne-
'tc. 4 And be it further enacted, That
if, upon any of the 1 inds now occupied
by the Indians, and to be exchanged for,
there should be ch imrroemenM as
add value twthe land claimed by an iudi
udnals or individuals' of such trihea or
nfflton7tr ih< andTtntbebwftirrorthe
Preaidetit to cause auch value to be ascer
tained by appraisement or otherwue,1nd
to cause such ascertained value to be paid
to the person or persons rightfully claim
ing auch improvement. And upon J he
payment of such valuation, the improve
ments be valued and paid fur, shall pass
to the United States, and possession thai)
no! afterwards be permuted to any of
tbe aame tribe.
Sec S. And be ItjuriKtr enacted, Tliat
upon the maUngoT any aucn exchange
as is contemplated by this act, it shall and
may be lawful for the President to cbtjsc
audi aid and ass!
to in emigrants as may be necessary and
proper to enable them to remove to, and
settle in, the country for which they may
have exchanged ; and, also, to give them
tuch aid and assistance as may be neces
isry for their support and subsistence f jr
the first year alter their removal.
if.shalt arttUmiyiie larfull fbrthu Presi
Cent to cause such tribe. or nation to be
all interruption or disturbance from ny
. other tribe or nitlon oT Indians, or from
any"otber person or persons whatever.
Sec. f . Aiil belt further enacted, That
it shall and may be lawful for the Presi
dent to have that tame superintendence
and care over an tribe or nation in the
Country; to tahLh they may remove, as
contemplated by this act' that he is now
authorized to have over the in at their
present places of residence I Provided,
That no hing in this act contained thai)
construed at authorizing- or directing
Tk'jtf W M'in Uet b
ween the United States and any of the
UdiarV tribes. - . :.
Sec. 8. And iejt further iMtWrTh"it
foTHhepuroo7e of elvTnkT effect to th
provision of this axt, the sum' of five
hundred thousand dbWs
w ' - - -
printed r 1 0''b9ftidtw?H"rA,n r in"
me i reasury, not otherwise .pproprtatec
, Speaker of the Hwe of Riiprfaent-ativ?;
.. . t'reardent of the beliatci
Approved, Mv 28, 1H J0.
".. ANDItEW IACICSON.
AN ACT for, the talWf of sundry owners of ves.
telt sunk for the defence of Baltimore.
BR it enacteijy the Senite and House
rj llrfiresentatives of the United Statu of
America in Confret assembled, That the
Third Auditor of the Treasury ascertain
the value of. the following vessels', at the
time theyJ were taken to be sunk for the
defence cf the City of Ualtiniore, in the
year one thousand tight hundred and
fourteen, to wit : The ehips Thomas Wil
son, Chesapeake, Adri.ma, Scioto, Tenv
Rerance, Fabius, India Packet, Mars, and
anty; brigs, - Aidr George Swallow,
BUnche, Sally, Eti2a, Kctsey, Father and
Son, and Ann ; schooners St udder, Ann,
Culumbia, enterprise, and Packet ; and
the slncp Kosatina, and to allow to the
owners reptively, the amount of twen-tv-five
per centum on said valuation :
Provided, That in each and eeiy case ;
the said valua.ion shall be d jly establish
ed by full snd tompetcn; disinterested
testimony, and lbnt the damages sustain
ed in the vessel in question, by being
sunk and raised exclusively, was to the
full exTehf of "tSe saIdper'Teirturru'"o
ard above all tiio amount or amounts
Irerttolorc ret e ivt d f o r said damages by
Said owners, nr their legaF repTesehta
tives, rt-!.;ictivcfy : And provided, also,
That the said vessels, at the time they
were taken, were sound and sea worthy,
and would h ive remained sea worthy at
the return of peace in one thousand '.ight
hundred and fifteen : And provided, aso,
That, in no instance w here any vessel is
not proved to have bien sea worthy at the
time she was taker, to be sunk, shall a
greater allowance be made than will, with
the inane y . hci eiafoie received foruikiu?,
.M'dctt?na;M-JSCb.. vessel, rrdjf the
value thereof at the time ..she wa raised,
w'nh such riggim- or other articles as
have been .sold or J.ewryed...bj..lhe.prpr
owner amount to trie valu? ot the vessel
at the time she was taken to be sunk.
Sure '2. And he it further enacted, That
the umount so found by the Third Auditot
shM be paid to the owners respectively,
or to ;heirJeXjPICse.aLktivt, by . the
reril a ry ' of t h e Tre a surr' r. o'trr- r6F 'on f
money, not otherwise appropriated, or be
applied oti debts due hy them to the Uni
ttti Sute;, as the case may be.
Appro cd. May 19, IG"0.
An Act to anMiorize the payment of the claim
of the State of Masanchu-etts, for certain ser
vicn ofher Militia during the late-war.
UK it em.cteA. hu th? Smile nntf ff.tute
f Hcfiruentativet of the United Srate, o!in
America, in Congress assembled, That the
proper accounnng officeis of the Trea
sury, under the superintendence of the
Si,fury of War bej and they are hereby,
authoilnd and directed to aulitand set
tle the claims of the State of Massachu
setts against the United Slates, fur the
services of her Milnia durhg the late
war, in the following cases : First, where
the Militia of the id State were called
out to repel actual invasion, or under a
well foundi-d apprehension of invasion i
Provuled, Their numbsrs were not in
undue proportion to the exigency :
ConiT, whereThT? werOStTed Ut Ty ITfel
aWibltry ofTIurSuTe, and at efwVrds re
ceenized by the Federal Government ;
and thtrdlyy-whete they-wete tslled by
President of lbs United Sutet, or of anyft!
' Sec. 3- A id Ite it further enacted, That
the sum of four hundred and thirty ihou-1
taud seven hundred and forty-eight dol
lars and twenty-six cents, if so much be
necessary, be applied to the foregoing
Uflr! r,' outxTriyjTnorirt nto jsjct
turyrnot other wit appropriatta. --
Approved, May 311833. . .
AN AC T making additional, appropitaliona.fur:
pay lor the alariue Corps.
Btiit enacted by the Senate-and House
0 Representatives of the United States of
America in Cungrest assembled, That
there ia hereby approptaied, out of any
money in the , areasurr, not otherwise
appropriated, sum sufficient to pay the
extra emoluments directed to be paid to
the officers of the Marine Corps by a joint
resolution, approvedlhertwentyninrb day
of May, one thousand light hundred and
thirty. , ' ;
Approved, May 31, 1 B0. . .
RESOLUTION in relation to the eompensation
- - - -t w r
Uetohed 6u the Senate and House of
of emeers ot the Minna t;orpt.
Titfiretehfdttvet ofTihe 17mtci$tattt f
America in Congren assembled, That the
ance reeixtd-,by the officers of th AUricc
untied to them from that date up to the
eight hundred and thirty one.
Approved, May 29, 1830.
i M0 tUfM mm
A CURE for the Ague: '
The following was Obtained from
H Atbury, of Mountain Creek, Mncoh
cbunty, N. C. whose akirlTwe venture to
tay, it not surpassed by any Practitioner,
of hit age and experience ; about sixteen
hdurt before you expect the chill take a
dose of Calomel ; in three hours after
wards take a dose of caster oil. Com
mence five hours before tre chill comes
on, and take one Grain and a half, of Sul
phate of Quinine eve ry hour, for fi ve botirt, !
then desist for that flay j the next day,
take the Sulphas Quinine at above-stated: I
tf the disease should return) it would bc-
oecessary to repeat the Calomel and
Sulphate of 0,'itnine at above.
"Genilcmen pleaso insert the above in
your useful paper, and bench' the public.
A Friend to the tick.'
tTRACT FROM JKF PPRSON'i WORKS.
Constitutisnul questions hew determined.
He is commenting on an opinion from
the Federalist, that the judiciary is the
last resort in relation to the other depart-
'ion to th rights of the parties to the coin
pact under which the judiciary is derived."
'' If this opinion," says Mr. Jefferson, u is
sound," Thtt indeed is the constitution a
Jeh-de te. For intending to establish
three departments, co ordinate and inde
pendent, that they might check and bid
ance one another, i has given, according
to this opinion, to one of them, alone, tht
right to prescribe rutes for tfio govern
ment of the other, and to that one which
is unelected by, and independent of the
nation. The constitution on this hypo
thesis is a mere thing ol wax in the hands
ef the judiciary,1 wVreh they "may Twfir
aad shape into any forrrwhey pirated JWy
!.orvu:u.c:.ioa..of . the constitution . j jery
uitlcrcnt lrom that you quote. It is, that
lejc.rj dcpartmepl is traly m-le ndent and
has an irjiial right to derive for itself,
what is the meaning of the constitution
in the cases submitted to its tction and
especially where itis to act ultimately."
A PAitiul Dinner. Agreeablv to pre !
vtous'srrsngtmenttv e public Dinner-ras
yen e irTaV give Oo "BuT.elstf rrt oihid fcT-'
low clt item, the Hon William uhay
ton ndtfie1IorTr Kctat Y. Hayne,
at the City Hall. Trie dinner was given
exclusively by friends of (he Southern
Sta'.es, Jiid was attended by incomparably
the Ijigcst assemblage of citizens ever
convened in this city on a similar occa
sion. The larue and capacious ILli
unab,e ,0 con,lin ,wo ,n'rd of the
company, tablet were set around the cai
lery for the accommcdation of the residue.
It is presumed that nearly six hundred
citizens unittd. in the festival. The Hall
was splendidly decorated for the occasion
with flg and -evergreen and p.flTof
ic emblems and inscriptions. Several
speeches were delivereda large num
ber of patriotic toasts offered and the
company continued nn'il late in the un
diminished enjoyment of hilaiity and fel
lowship. The particular? of rnis great
Southern and State Right Celebration
shall, if possible, be furnished to our
When Judge Peters was speaker of the
house of at4emb)yLpne of the members,
i"g.i'e rponii inpton me c-"pei
and fill oo n. The house burst into
laughter, while the Judge, with the ut
most gravity, cried, Order, order, gen
tleinen ; da not you see that a member U
on the floor I" which it the usual way of
requiring silence, when any one liscs (e
A:fer daysa'o, trmman iffloolTntr
ft. TNTJ WI tW
overJhislailor acctrur.t, observe d a charge
of. tlx. or te yen tbillingt more on a coat.
-l&Aa-h had 4eers ccstwrtd tw traY""Grr
enquiring, the tailor informed him that 1
he cad been obliged to tate up an addi
tional quantiiyof cloth.1- Why,' tx
claimed the gentleman,. it was scarcely
half a' year ago that you told me you
managed to get it waistcoat lor,- our little
boy from what remained of the cloth you
made toy coat from. I cannot conceive
I wi y I should require more now, at I am
coovincea i naye not increased any in size
since that period.' No, sir, said the
tailorfyou are much the tame it usual,
but my little boy it to surprisingly grown,
youM spared know bim. , .
Jl gainst tot rroniQaortA Hyslein,
' But even if we could enhance the price
of our prbddctions, by dimlnishinp; the
feetedf- Oar entire cpltl it ine'ted
w avow produc Sbli-e theJV-ahiio
don our lands, manumit our slaves, and
then go to seek- new fortunes Jn dis-
tani regions ? No, Sir our citizens would
sooner perish, than tp be thus driven from
their rightful inheritance, and the homes
of tbeir forefathers, by this unrighteous
system of oppression. 1 here are insup
erable obstacles to the transfer of the cap
ital and labor of the Southern planter
fiorn the production of their present sta
ples to any other employment. It has
been suggested, that we might enter up
on the manuractui ing iiusinest. Ail our
habitt disqualify us for this sort of em
ployment. It would require ten or fif
teen years of ruinous experiment, before
we could acquire even a tolerable degree
of ekilf, and even then we could not rival
the manufactures either of Europe, or ot
the Northern Statea of this Union, but,
eveu if we could aucued
our domestic" competitors, where' should
we find a market lor our productions?
It would be absurd logo to Europe, and
ually to to go to the manufacturing
States of our own couicry. From Mexi-1
co we are excluded by absutd restrictions,
in imitation of our own j and wherever
a loreign maikct might be cp'o we
should find ourselves ioitstalUd and ex-
Ciitain and ew Lngland.
Ia it not an inaulting mockery, then, to
tell us that we ought tamely to submit tp
a 'system w hith drivevui lrom ourTratur
al pursuits, because we have the wretch
ed privilege of embarking in the produc
(ion of nianufactuitt, winch we have no
skill in making, and lor which we could
find no market alter they were made i
Great Britain alone could supply the
whole world with manufactures, at little
more than half the price for wi.ich we
could aflord to make them.
- U nsffftey'roufs1ltrte'h"
with jnpre vppreMv burAu than th
have yet oorne, theSouthtfu planters
cannot, to any exuftl worth consiOtialitin
divert tht ii capital and taborto other cm-
ploymentsrurja thertby diminish ihe pro
duction of their ttapUs, with a view to
an enhancement of tniir price.
Experience proves this most conclu
sively. Aid lure 1 beg leave to notice,
as connected with what 1 eoY tiOw saying,
statement mat bjulhe Sf;utWuiicT
TTwsTrrjrto niiMw1 Htsa-
To Drove that the cornrnertx of the tbun-
Tv naci oeen ancrcanca oy tiw. aaun.oi
1821, he stated, and coitettly stand, that
. .. . t- . L 'f ei- i
the imports of the four years succeeding
that I aiiff. exceed those ol the lour
years prcctcding it, to a very eonskleiable
amount. Now nulling evmect the un
aatislactory end intoiiUusive nature ul
lumping statistical statenici.u ruoic clear
ly than this example. For, on anslvsitg
the statement ul our cxpoits curing tht
two peiiods alluded to, 1 find that almost
the tntiie incitate ol those of th4alter
period ever the former, consisted of the
were gravely old. from iJghutTioiltyV
that this fact conclusively proved that the
Tariff of 1.824 had increased our foieitn
rommetce. But, Sir though it did uoi
prove what it was designed to prove, ii
established one thing quit conclusively,
that the ' tiuoh pJtoU.'.' io;flt cm Jv
ing it in his power tp itlieve hiitiself
from the purthen of iillon D ''living
hi prodttcrionr aT.dThtretiyltTtrirri sffig Thi
ptice of what he produces, ompeiled,
as the auernative least ruinous to in-
crease hit prod uci ion, In the hope of mak
inr uo thai wy, for the Om.itiiiHU pnic,
Ves, Sir, the hesvier and more oppietsive
your taxes have been,' the harder has the
Dlantcr labored; inceuantly suueghne
againsti declining maiket, and et, by
his extraordinary exertions, rcgulaily au
ding to the aggregsie value ol the nation
andn oToTTreTinnJutlitiret cottom xporf
ted was increased trt m UiCCO.qo, i0
300,000,000 pounds, while the tggregate
value tTfTT SvVs tnlyctesied from il Co
38 millions; indicating a IjII in the pcice
of cotton iroin 1 9 to 9 cents a pound ; on
tothtYlTaiteitatjprts j( most of the
other producuortv of domestic Industry,
and paiticuiarly gr.in, duiirg the time
period, decreased rncifjn quantity than
in value, indicating a gradual i i,-e in their
ptice. No contrast couVd exhibit, in a
more striking point cf view, . the unequal
and I'pprestivft operation ol federal taXa
lion cn the diCerent portions of the Un
ion and none tertaitdy could more con
clusively thow, that it Is utterly impossi
bte for ihe pUnurt to throw tit tixs in-
Pedip upon any otit -
erclattof the community. -
jutt CotYipreh'e'rtslt'in of the, operation 'of
our terifT regtilatiotjs,, that e should .
im post, taxe a.JJy llla,ihat I
viPf7-unr--njTOir inproaucert orbuif
which results from ettiraatinjr, the nlua
ofmetcbaodise,: and the duties imposed '
upon it in mcn'y, I wiU dispense with tho ;
use of this, as I have done with the ain.
cy of the Tnerchant. I wilj suppose then" J
that the Government levies the duties ia
kind, and that, foT every hundred bales of
cohqo the planter exports,thegovernracnt
Cukes forty, and then places agents on '
board t he vessel of the planter, to go with
him to Great Britain and sell the cotton,1 :
thus taken from him, in common with '
hisown. Is it not tppatent, that the vers
tame quantity of cotton would go into
the foreign mar Vet, at would have gone
if no duty had been levied, with this dif.
ference only; that fortr bales would wi.
Ibnirlo the coverhnitnt. and a!
planter, jn stead of the whole bloniin '
Uo the, planter? No change, therefore.
would beadrwhe friTtl
(his division of the trrobcrt t betweaii ih 5
indUidual-jrd-the-irtivtnimeptr-1f w T
suppote each bale of cotton to be worth
piece of cloth, the planter , would b-mjj
back sixty plecea, and the government
forty. The tery same quantity wculcj
be brought iuto the domestic market at -ifH'
government bad levied no duty,
with the difference only, that instead pf
would be clividrd between him and tha
government. Although the planter would
rective only sixty piecetof cloth. 'inuA
...Kuti Ki no ,or it man it ne had been
permitted to import the whole hundred
pieces j icr it is. wholly jmmarei lal, as to
its e fittt upon the maikei prire of tha
cloth, whetl.tr it is all Imported by th
planter, or a part by him and the remain
der by the government. :Wnin'bs"dii
mand ard the supply remain unchanged,
no imposition of the government can in
crease:! be ' ftUwi
rntoiuket no pari of Ahe tuttoa when
ported, but permits thr planter to r xport
" ,,bo" tliminutior. JVM, his .hun
drrd bales of cotton, be purchases a hun-'
drcd pieces of cloth. Thu sould be the,
product of his induttryct!on converted
into cloth. When he reacbta tha n,.t,m
house, ihe agent of lbi.troveimnt-k---
rl Pjf .o.L MiiJoilu at j.cotu ibmiort
in Vjor'rne tlm, 'ihii tht rf Wag
tity of cloth, would ccme into the market,
J-ifnoJiei)fJt hadhett 4akenby-lhoi
government. The price wouH be ths
very same, md consequently, the planter- - '
would be deprived ol forty a( his hundred '
plecea of cloth, by the i x.ction of the gov
ernment, without any meant of lndcmni.;
lying himKcir by obtaining a higher price
for the remainder. This, Sir is the te
nia! operation of your import du'Jeay
snipped or the disguise wjth which ther --'
areinvesud. They are tsxrt upon those
production! of domestic industry, which ' ,
go into foreign fommrrce and although ' , !
the producert, willVin the long rub, be
incidentally iniured by whatever opprca.
.ne pioouccrt, yet me burthen piim-
ily and ptinrlpsliy falls i.pon the latter
clats. According to thit view of the tub '
jeet, tht Southern planter would bear the -principal
part of the burthen of the im- -post
levied upon the pioductiont of hit! r
oTTnuii T)imeirroTlrViporfed thehTejiT"
chargct for.Wettern acd Northern prot1----
: Ftt Sjrlyyyn if V e griinf, til a't IU4
(alls exclusively tpon the conat:mtr. I 1
ask you who tonsumct the prcduniona ,
of Southern industty.if they are not con-
sunicd by the ?outhern utoDlef. Thv :
re .certainly the natural cnntumeit of : V-
wnat tnty icceive i;i exrhkhge (for- their, " .
ow o productions. If they do not eonaumw f .11 ; ' !
Ill- . . ... - " r- w t t i
uiciy aim tariusistiy, tliey tr.VSt Con-
torrte iome' other fVnkle'i obtained In ex-
cr&lfr.fcu?wXci us rxardne;! JIvl:
lie in detail, w hat betomt t b 1th Irrpcrti '
of the gcuth.lnthefi.Ht.rT.'e7re gov-' "
ment, takes forty ; dcllari ojl liyerjlll
hundred." "That 'pVrtioo,' off ouiie', the
planter csnnot'eonsome. ' But 'surely this -cirtcmstante
doet not dimioith the bur-'v
thm imposed cpon lim. ,k The fact, that !
be dt npttonsume If, It the very thing I
that maktt the law which deprjvet bim of -it,
a btirthrnsome tax' unnn l.ii inlii.ir f
uieiy aim t xriunstly, I tie)
t to the remaining sixty ."doilait, there
can be tto doubt that tne
Southern Statei are the direct consumer!
ef the principal rt of It. A portion of
it, be tore , it txcttaned with the poi
Western Carolinian (Salisbury, N.C.)
groups preceding, succeeding, and alternate titles together.
July 20, 1830, edition 1
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