m tren win i abswia f-om I., which, h-tm wWajvftt "!lve, lra Wit semblanco 'oTInequality, which
Ind no response m tbe he.rt of the eiiis-a. and vhlck will b traded with little rerse. Tho wisdom of Irrigation !
Cellar. ' H ' ' f
- acg IMf -r- " "
mf hi u
f from ., fQwlt .Cwrier, fom?er 59.1'.
$iagraphHl nolicrj of thtnw'MU'
lard ' Grey, the 'Premier. Th
jint in order of tne new Ministers is,
of course, Earl (5 rev, the Premier,
who, as First Lord of ihe Treasury,
is at the head of his Majesty's Coun
cils, that being the Parliamentary
phrase always regularly applied to the
eccupant of that station for the time
being. Earl Grey Is the eldest soo f
General, afterwards Sir Grey, K. B.,
Vh wa aa Aid-de Camp to Pince
Ferdinand at the buttle of Mindeo,
and held a command during the
A?lican warlL At t le breaking out
"of the war with France, in" 1 79 ,hV
assisted at the relief of Ottrud and
Nieuport, and having .been appointed
f ymmauder.in-Chief io the. XV, I
dies, socceeded in rcduc'wij Martini.
j.ic, St, Lucie and (Jjadaloupe. .
1801, he, was created B iro i Grev de
' XI rvick, in 1805, ViiC'Aini liz
ard and Earl Qrey. Hi desmoid
from a very ancient family in the
N rik of England. Sir Ch irks was
Grey, Birt., wha dying witnoit is
. uti Jus.title and estate ?. desc.ended!i
the piesent Rjrl Grey.
The Noble Earl, who is the subject
of the present notice,' was bred to the
Bar 1 but in consequence of the inten
tion of his untie, Sir Ileory, to con
stitute him his heir, he ceased to de
vote hianclfto the practice of his pro
fession 1 and becoming early in life a
Member of the House of Commons
for trie County of Nofthumberlmd, he
rapidly attained eminence as a speaker
io Parliament being then- known as
" ways becndiitinglsed" for "an easy
-low-and impassioned siyle of oratotyf
a vigoro'is grasp of his subject, and
- the drtplav f eonstderahltMateHeettnl
power. He-was ltng i opposition to
. the ritL Admimstnuion, in uuiioa wuh.
Mf." Fox, and other M?mbr of great
talents, thed m;tintainini a firc'e con
flict in the Parliamentary arena with
. ?ejeertaiajjr ootaurpised in ability
by their opponents.
On the memorable separation be
tween Messrs. Fox and B irke, s on
after the first French Revolution, add
the subaeqiKOt junction with the Min
istry of wht w8 Cilled the- Portland
party. Mr. Grey remained firmly at
tached to Mr. F-x, with wh m he
continued tn battle ja . oppoaiiioo,
Jthough, their ranka hd th
so thinned that Mr. Fox at length de
ternained on the well known, secession
from the-Hiase of Coramans of hiaa
self, and many of the members of the
purtyj 8nd this continuing for some
time, left the field open to Mr. Tier-
tiey, who became for a season, in con
aeqaence,lKeIelderof a sort of minor
oppbsitionV" " '
Oo the retirement of Mr. Pitt and
bis colleagues in" consequence oC the
refusal of Qcofge III. to agree to the
, tneasureof. concession -t-thGatho
tr orKlrK tKtf kart Kntr! ant a nni
and to which they considered their
honor to deeply pledged, that they
could not continue to hold office without
Waging it forward, and the substitu
tion, in consequence ssf the Addington
Administration, a, new field of politi
cal contest was very shortly opened.
Mr. Grey returned to his station with
fytr. Fox, and the other members of
vie old opposition, who had continued
-opposition was formed in ihe Hu
if Commons by Mr. Windham aod
hers Mr. Pitt for a iime standing
n4 with hVs personal, friends
lupporting Mr. Addiagton.
The Utter having concluded the
Pace of Amiens, found himself una
able to maintain iti and being forced
"tfterVards compelled to retire,-by
se unequivocal symptoms of want
of tonfidcBet 00 the art Qf the House
SVUSIMnv, iWWVS ()U !T, N. C......MOI)AY JANUAUY 3!, 1831.
of Commons, which, iovari ibly reiru.
i4ic uic oiiicui ues'inv ol Minister
and their oppoacnti. ' coalition h
been formed between the old an.rihr
new opposition, and Mr, P tt aod h.i
iiricnus, wmch outsted theAjJdingtun
r . . " -
iiuiuiiiiairauon, ouijiu not seat itself.
TtiC Catholic nuesiiort wi jo.n rh
,l!"rbJm?,?!,Jcki and it being' fo Md
impossible, to overcome the .-scrtini'i
jjtG&argeU U'eapectmg irMrr Ha
i ic .gui. agreea it form a Ministry
out of his own immediate friends, and
several of ihe members and supporters
of the Addinctun Adm nis-ntion.
nust Mr. urty, with Jlssr. Fox,
IViodhain, and others i'n the 'louse of
C'immoos, they hiving rcluicd to
take oiTice up a the same terms a Mr.
Pittj became a formidible i.ppoMti.n,
0 i fhe death of Mr. Pi't, id Janua
ry, 1803, his colleagues dccli itd aiy
attempt, to carry on the Administra
tion, and the codesced .pp..$ition suc
ceeded as a hum of course tn ih.
htim Iv flrtyr whf rm his father
bring created an Earl, w called Lird ;
II'jAicka and whose talenU'and polit
ical t iiion primed him oat for a seat
in the new Cabinet, wus placed at the
o .IFK- tdmiriiliy. In ht-w4
situation, aud u.ider the disidvantage
of having previ 4sly - had no -rxperi.
f nee ria'puoncTi
lice to s .y thai t'ie N ble Lord cin.
ducted himself io a manner hiehlv
.uUfacory, and most sedulously a p.
Iedtme1tt6'-tti 'htpf important
department -f the state entrded to
His charge -especi dbrundeflHe'ctN
cumstances of tne then existing war.
The early career of Mr. Fox having
terminated, a few months only after
the departure of his 'great rival, Mr,
Put, Ird Howick was, upon the
death of the former, appointed St t re.'
Ury of State Itr the Foreign Depart
meot, Sept. 2, 1805, the office held
by Mr. Fox, aod which his L rdshi;i
continued to occupy till the dissolu
tion of the admini'tntion in M4rch,
1 1-was -observed ro me time
alterwaru bvJywd- L'lfl, Hhat-tnis
Miuiatry. was w strong triatthere was
50 effectual opposhioa tTthem till
is of course well known that in cnnse
qience of a measure brought forward
couccded same, points the Catholic
fjestioo,-the King "(George HI.) ex
pressed hiirtelf iasicha inannerwuh
regard to their condoct, that they had.
no'iilternative but to resign, The
proportion, which was found sufficient
t i upset the Ministry, was merely to
the. effect uf allowing officers in the
trmy r navy to hold higher rank than
ihey then culd, without ibeneg'ssitv
of taking the vaths of abjuration 1 and
as a proof that the dislike of the king
to a Whig Adonhistration had as much
to do withtheir dissolutioa as the
qnesiTiti on whtcn they were" dismTsi
sed 1 nearly the same measure was
afterwards brooght .forward by jhejr
successors, and passed with less de
bate than attends a common road
Very soon after the period just allu
dedtoLord Hwick, by the death ot
his father, sucwdto- the Peerage
and became Earl Grey. His Lord
ship fr a considernble period, io con
junction with Lord Grenville and their
opposition, successively, to the lort
aIT an.I Liverpool Aaavt
istrations. rne lirenvme party was
w rt Ms . :
at length detached trom the opposition
and induced to join the Ministry j and
during (he. latter period of Lrd Liv
erpool's Ad ministratioo Lord Grey
took a much less active part than he
had been accustomed to do in the dis
cussions of the House of Lards.
After, however, the, melancholy
visitation which deprived the country
uf the-services of Lord Liverpool, and
amid the-poHrical contests which sub
sequently took place, in consequrnce
of the struggPe maintained by Mr'.
Canning against his former colleagues,
and at length the acnessioo 10 power
of the Duke of Wellington, Lrd
G-ev returned to' ihe scene of. public
bustle, and resumed his former tc
1 1 vit y4 ill I Hi Xs ' P ' been for
some tim? considered "the head of the
ninisitio. a d had been far many
years well knowa 10 hJs Majesty, when
DikefChren.ce, The defeat of the
Wellington Administration, therefore,
m the questi iB) of the Civil List, tad
the Iin Immediate tenders of the
resigiMiion uf the Members of that
Awuuy. led "lt4 s--n itter -of
course to the cmma.id of the King to
tr-tiou a task which: his: Lordship J
nat' accomplished with ioJitdcJ.dim-
tuny, inai a jitniitry apparently 11 tne
if.tTiC-"-' ..-.' a ; 1 -
full possession of power, 00 one Mon
day, were, on the following Monday,
replaced by another," completely in
stalled in office, (with one or two ex
ctpti ns) an instance . of celeritv,
which, wnere a complete chinge has
taken place, has very rarely hjppened.
Lord G'ry, who is s-imcwhat i-ldrr
than the Duke of AVclIington, Being
aoout six'y-six, the DJke being sixty-
two in May next, has the advantage
nf many years experience, diting from
us tartniy youtn wim rejercne t the
political busiocss of t ie sine and to
periods pregnant with events of the
highest moment and the greatest util-
uy irom tne precepts, the speeches,
and the conduct of all those, eminent
O y j ----- ----
in existence during the greater part of
the last fifty years, and whopaketral-j
together, hare Tery far transcrrrded
those of any former period io the an
nals of the British empire. He has
tact, and a habit ol speaking wjth flu
ency nd energy, ppt.J.aiereJy-.as-a
orator? "hut a debater with much fa
cility in scixiug the main points of
any subject or.argument to which his
attention is suddenly called. .
His Lordship, when a young man
in the H use of Commons, was an
ardent and zealous reformer. M s
pla of Parliamentary Rv-firm is well
known, as it has oft-n been referred
to, as also his expoe of what he then
considered the def?cti in the reDre-
sentaimn of the country, x which in
other reformers, a me f -wh(is have
V a n at t 1
inra ury.- irr moie bora narverr
HLm x-l-vmajni. 1 xtco vauuaeoLtae
pnnriples upon vnicb his Adm.inistrar.
tiOH 1ST withr the, consent of rthe: King;
louadedf and he had previously t,.
ken tfvcral opportunities, onc of theui
on thtirst dav-of the-ujimenceoQeQt
of. the. preseut.st:sioa-of- detlariog
himself to be still an advocate of rc.
form. But he, at the same time,
guarded himseli by speaking ot the
' rashness of vo.jths" and using other
phrases, at different times, of a simi
lar import, from the possibility of be.
ing supposed to be identified t;h the
plan which he himself proposed at a
former period LvrdJGrey may.
therefore, be considered as a practical
reformer 10 a certain extent, limiting
his views strictly to the principles of
the Constitution, and to what may. be
called the necessity of the case, .
The MirquU of-Lansdowne. Lord
President of the Council. -We notice
the Marquis of Lansdowne next, his
Lordship having bees one of the cn.
igusf-Lord Grey-ia the Cabinet
of 1806-7, and the only one 01 them
who is in the present Cabinet? with the
exception of Lord Holland, whose
healthrraiera him iaa. great-degree
incapable of public busiuess. . The
4S Of L-nsdowoa-was tna sscond
surviving soo of the first Marquis,
known for many years as Lord bhel-
burnt, and, during ihe Jife time of his
father, and subsequently of his elder
brother, the second Marquis was
styled Lord Henry Petty.
Iyrd Henry Petty was returned to
the II use ot Commons at the general
election in 1 802, for Calne, being
then little more . than 21, ind very
early distinguished himself as an ora
tor, attracting, by the fluency of his
eloquence, me nonce mu inc praise
of Mr. Pitt, who mieht be considered
... 1 . '
aithe most accomplished orator ot his
time. His Lordship made his Parlia
mcntary ueoui ia me ranss 01 yppo
sitioo, and continued in them tilt the
death of Mr. Pitt, in J.nuary, 180G,
he having in the inlerim agreed to me
Fn.1iti.nl with that swesmin. ihe ob.
i-ct of which n raely to form a united
Aliotstry, was cuieaic oy. m utidw-
. .. -V . ..".". ... .t. . . ... .
kle determination of George III., with
reference to the quesuon-of--concessions
to the Catholics.
The coalition, however, with the
exception of Mr, Pitt and his frieads,
still -subsisted, end when that Minister
was summoned to another state of ex
istence:- and htS'CollragBtrwiTetrdef.
td office Gebfg'e II L, was, of oecca-
tion by commanding Lird Grenville
to form a new Administration. ' Lord
Grenville because, of course, Premier
tolding the office of First Lord of the
Treasury (though it was in general
considered as the joint Administration
of his Lordship and Mr. Fox,) and
L rd Ileory ; Petty was coostitutrd
Chancellor of the Exchequer. He
was at that period t nly 25 years of
age, and was considered very young
for a M -mber of thf Cabinet, though
Mr. r u became Prime Minister at
the same age.
Thr office thus held by -Lord Henry
Pctty tuuV thatodurfeg4wrKl
i war, woeo it wss aosoiutejy oeces-
Siry to prop -se ntW taxes, sod lar ad-
ditional burdens' UDOD the ritanl-
whilst the prospects of the country
were not at that time very cheeri 0 g1,
wasbv no means an enviablone,j.it
wara an tne financial measures in the
House of Commons. His lordsVip,
however, displayed considerable abil
4tyd gFet orawicatTjttnathoUg'n'
ne could not sometimes succetd in ma.
kinrtm;- fiffanciat measurrs orthe Ad-
ministratioQ palatable to the House of
Commons,. or the people nor had he
sufficient time to acquire the tacf of "a
The officid career of Lord Henry
Petty, in this situation was but short.
Marc, I80r, witnessed the downLll
of the Administration, a.. d his lord-
snip returned again to the ranis of
Upposition 1 but he did long after-
w rds remain a member of the House
hislderbrpther (or strictiy pcaking
naiNnrptnrrrtney ; Deinir the T-issue f
tute of Mamuisof l.-nHrtarr, -itf.w-
. ' --.
0869, an e vent whifb of course re'
Hert. alsor the - Marquis became a
prmtnmt character" in Oonusitiaa'
which for a considerable period num.
bered amongst its host more Individ-'
ual o f emlaent abilityr of hrgh- intel
lectuai power, and ot great eloquence,
than had ever belore been witnes
sed in that House, especially with
others entitled in every respect to the
same character, on ; the Ministerial
benches. And it is undoubtedly true.
that lor some time the House of Com
moos wss, in point of taleot.'com.
oletely overshadowed by the House of
The Marquis of Lnsdb woe how
ever, though generally speakiog and
voting in opposition, could scarcely at
that -time be considered raregulaf
member of that body his political
principles, especially with regard to
Parliamentary Reform, not goiog to
the same extent as those of some of
the other members of the same body
But his lordship Jaudably applied him
self as a legislator, to the business of
the state, and acqoi red an experience.
a knowledge, and a tact, which emi-
nently fatted-him to take a-lead to-any
oigo nauun iu : wnicn t ne inirni oe
pla4,-w hilst he toplrrgiratares-to
render himself thoroughly master of
maay , subjects of great importance,
with reference to the internal affairs
of the country, which necessarily oc
cupied the attention of Parliament.
. That he did not consider! himself
pledged to the party, with which he
usually, acted, is rendered evident by
his acceptance of Uiuce, at the . in
stance of the late Mr. Caaoing, when
the latter became Premier, the Mar
quia being then constituted Secretary
of Stste for the Home Depaftmeat,
to the duties of which office , he very
sedulously nuended and for which he
seemed to be pecoliarlyfittedirtThis
Ministry may be said to have been
broken up by the death of Mr. Cann
ing, as the short term of 4the rule h
Lord Goderich could scarcely be cal
led an Administration. - On the Duke
of Wellington becoming Premier, the
Marquis of Laosduwne resigned oifise
v(i.;xi....,No. iiov 3
and was gin in ppositian, at trust
generally speaking, with iht txcep; '
tions before alluded to.
The Presidency of the Couocil,
which has now been iiciud to ihe ,
Noble Marquis, is ai t Office 'biuch lesa""
onerous with reference to business
tnd labrthan-rthe-rmefc -fetid tif 'thef?""
Canning Admiaistraticm, hut hiehrrin'-" r
tank, nd of gxMitt.mpaosihiUiIi"Z -T. .
is of very recent ' ootorietyi that his
Lordship iok the eatliet oppoituoitr '
afterbciog installed jq office, r'f declare
log himself friendly to a certain extent '
of Ptrliumtntary Reform, a dalirv. .
ticn which is of .m.Vre importsme i
it was previously understood that it
was upon this very p Vint he diflVrtrl
with many uf the political friends with
whom he usually acted. His Lord
ship was born in 1780. . . '
Moss oatisiiii's aaais. Btsstsota.
We stated a few days since, ihat if
drputatioa-of. grntlrme frm Phils
4cjphl4.had been received at "ihe Ho
tel de Villei by the Prefect of the 'V
Seioe with an address expressive of-
the admiration entertained by the in
habitants of that city for the nolle con-
dacToflhe Pansiaoa lu"i, g the lilo
rious days of July. The - debuution
was miroauceq ov urn;.; tataieite, ' .- .
1). the evening g grand dinner was
given io honr of the oc:asion, at
which Mr. .Hives, the American M'na
taterfetiiriHngthtinks fornoast of T
The Uoited Stitcs ..in.d. tac.Jiealth -6f
President Jacks, n,' addressed . the
company as fotb w i .
,4 Permit me, centlemeni to thank ,
you for the hunnr y.u htt done ray """ .7
country an honor it -may, it least j '
claim to merit by its cordial senU i
ments for France. It was my good
fortune, grntlemen to be an eve it ,
nes, of your rloriuns Hev.duiiia .of
July, and t6 itei with uboundrd ada ' .
lairauuHj now a pouuiation oiivo r
and geseri us csa be forbearing alter ' ;
having bech subjected to" the jmostte rcxf-
fific triairr ind wVai moderatii n il
can txerciie io ihejmidst of a-rit-ry
poicntssttjjyja mmjr jjuwc aacrmcesi
But it.was joot necessary to havelleea- .
i personalVunejs of your Uevolution v
ioadmire-aod appreciate-itr At thtf-
distance of msre thaa A thoujand leaw
gues 1 beyond the-AtUniie oceanf- it -has
been' felt and appreciated." in all T- .
its Boble graudeurTHe ihre them "
people as the triumph of humsn libera - 7
tyi but with us, they have given rise
to the same rejoicings as our national
victories! we have ctltbrated vour , .
29th July, as we celebrate our own V I
4th of July, with illumination, prvw t
cessions, salutes, aad all the deur-n-
stratioas of patriotic exultation Tnia ..i
is a prof that the ties which formerly
connr ctedihe iwo nations Us a-glori-'--r -ous
alliaswre, still retain all their ia Urat"L
lorce ; tne evlienc ot a sympathv, and t
fidelity to ancient recollections, which
I hope, will ensure jhelrjcordialiinion.
under the auspicei of an enlightened ; ' JV
aod upright Kiog whole CoositdfiWalV.
throne, and noble character present.
the best of guarantees, at the same ; v.
time, for his own people and for for H
eiga "powers. I" have "the "honor to
the bottom of all American hearts. -
The'liiBg of the French, aod the y
French nation. - "
from the animated fpeech of; genera
atayette t .
44 Here 1 foe, happily snincled to- -
gether, all the recollections ill t'o
sentiments aas! fecliogs of my life, "i '?
am surrounded by the grand s- as f .
my early American companions j the " "
sons of tny comrades of '89, ana" my " ' i
new brethren in arms of 1830. I a
this Hotel de Ville, twice the cradti ,; t
of the freedom of Eurpe,' have this
day been" presented th resaluti.its of - -the
city of Philsdelppa of thu city.
wnere, on ihe 4th of July, 1776, vat ; '
proclaimed the Declaration of fnde. -pendense,
the date 61 thejicw era , of . - .
liberty for the two worlds of $iSf rty
that, for: the am time, was f; uadedl
upon the genuine rights of the buTJasl ; ;
race; Five years ago, at the 'cq
rrlemoration of a great snoiversiry at
Hostim, oa'prorfcsiog ftiVtoasr The
EQjaiJtipationi.ft?ie Amerirm tftmu v,
phere, vhich had bceo effected ia the .
ears wf Jba.Jf a soatary, I prof hV!'--
:.-..:L- :: f-- "'" J .'V-