5. i;. i
; Uli ! even Ue to .huuiu f m taw, which, boeer u aaTiod 10 ieme!vU he'th .embftnee oHnequaW, which
,1.ik1 ne- response in ibe heart of the citisen, and which will be evaded iiin Hl! remorse. The wisdom or ktf.UIon ii
cipecu ly.seea ta grafting !. oo conscience; i rA(!M nlB, ,
s iLisnuu v, no wan cuty,x. c.
i kvkmrnt r 1111 aw hit i 1" r V 1 11 1 t,
; rs lrtS Wmin CwillU will
( fV. IHI a4itrl'aaM
vrrk t,IMflt;. thlgr aufi
"rkVi rai: n'""t cop 111 it a it fcawciaca.
W;e as the attention of our' reader t. the
' 'i!!wtnj cca"i and aMe doscriptiwi of Ues
:'. . "'. ; ..Edt.CHiitr'fM& Enquirer,
Wajnistfoit, J4i), :G, -.18.11.
viz. M'1J&. Wc biter, llayoe, and
"Wirt, (I ubiU the table orator,'' for
fcrtain reasons j) auJ ycii will,, or
cou'ic, ask Ittf , which ti the greatest ?
h f that it quti tn which mi$hr.
p.iZii even the iii.ompriH)1e tact jcJ
critcal acumer ol Francis Jeffrey him.
.-II 1 wiii. however, venture to tell
.1 . M I wanted an experienced n'dvo
rAJ iiiliar wi'h the prmgH ot- hu
. Kt 1, to plead nc a knotty case
' ate, cnilectrd 1 vigorous in
, hS finical in d cii in dreplv
' JlSrr7ToI no(T'6re3itrJict-
.. rt je from i' Cnb-webij nat,
n- hidiojl, aid graceful ia hu cloru
tiort tieing d )a every point, in h
id S'iVjd hrch; to the exact
m-aoiff al precrdrnti and fore-
g jnccjJL!cliii2S5w capable of trac-
-: p-i icipif, wtThnurprT7rg iltllT
th. 1 'inuosititHiiiito thefoun
ni'i u.:d ', u" t ' 'or" the" Year Ro'rfks;
.-, -! o,:si, -brluvi.-.g t'-e law, in
x. . jjlj (jL'th1 i" . agartei,l. b? ' a nice I
. "II- , .-T-T.- l-,.. ...1,
2. V t wt-re prof CHted or indicted
f ir a librl, or oppreitctl by a petty
"dre'st in a littter brief authtr.
itv" ider the fonnA ul law, and wan
ted a-i f Ivorate, who, ptfrning thr
tnn;-s f lumbering tones of Hritinh
i nsnrudence, as inappl':c!)le 10 thr
ti.uophi'itoc'ted adminKtta'ion of jus
vks in commonwealth of df mocrats,
wjuM ground his argument rnn:U
juini the constitution and statutes!,
-;-thr -littt'd "f wWiTtiflfe.O:ii
rmpe?"Hd . habUs of the pc"Ple antl
....,-w...gtia of. liisiroytTonVent '..'ihio
t, -Pt'ijaated, apojJilar, a:'d pre---:w..ciui.
d'jctmes of 'r ms ciatiti;
to Hayoe, aad 'ebster to AVirt but,
. wiucr, ,ui 11 ur superior to
greatest od almost exclusive obst iclc
to iinpr.venaeois in agriciilturt, is the
prejudice existing in lav ir of old svs.
.tenis, or rather want of system. Tfte
practices letroed from their forefathers
aid any attempt at mprovemsnt upo
Vheiia is treated with dcrisiin' and con
I r-r-ytftn)h n. ..n. i i ? ? -i i n l ..C. Iu nAh'. ..n 1. V '
ii,.. I ttti "i ri it. i trmmcM ...jr ii.i . in i . . . - . .. . v. . L . i p
take, view of our agricu tural com
ujunity as a whole, we shall find the
rcmafk not 04ly generally true, but
muc.i more so than a casual observer
would be willing to believe. Go
where yon will a thoughtless and csre-
less adherence to old customs will be
met with on all sides, with but an oc
casional exception. Here and there,
a beautiful mansion, well arranged
brii-yard, well tilled, luxuriant and
properly fenced fcldV healthy and
thrifty orchards, and improved stock,
will be seei like a' bright str in the
wildvroes . of ..cp'avnaUaorCmuty.
meteors of the system. The most uo.
accountable rircumstnte in thV state
of things is the, fact, tht the great suc
cess tht UoiveraIlv attends these in.
ta'U.fi vf Improved pfaciite lU?.s nnt
diptrse the doubts and prejudices Of"
the neighboring frtmrs hut so it
They view the fine crops, fine cattle,
and all the other fine thing, -results o(
a wise practice, as the result of acci
dent " O! he is a lucky farmer,"
tcr tiouble about th- cauae f his
pfpspejrnvv Indeed his great success
is itseii, tv the wuuk-ess of human
nature, no small ibsude to his ex m-
pic beitig Toll Vwed 1y his r'nelgViorg'."
It too often excites envy instead of
emulation, and from this cauldron the
vials.of all the malevolent p usi'.us are
filled, and their contents directrd to
wards him. How hippv would be
the condition n( farmers in th'u coun.
l-y if the reverse if this state of thing
. xisted ! TKere is nocou ttry on-earth
of nature, are "little bet er ihan wIU
mustard and cotton, tiSwpn ofh
principal , itaplei and a iource o
wealth to our country in 't( origioal
touia scarcely Deapprspriatcd to
tne use 01 man. -These ar?Jbut few
instiace the whole catalogue of ag
ricutiural products were ia the same
state it human wisdom aod industry
improved them by cultivation. If,
lairly conclude thst the process f im
proviment may be cohtiruaed i. For as
fairly conclude that the works of man
ire imperfect and a -capable' of im-
proyement act infinitum.
Leaf Minure- Orange Farm. -The
recommendation of leaves ss a manure
hy Mr, Meade of Virginia, merits at-
iciiuun. 7 i neir value nas been satis
factorily ascertained at Oranste Farm.
in the vicinity of Baltimore. At this
farm, they are collected by laree rakes.
large baskets, and large carts. They
are in the first instance, spread in great
abundance as a bedding frr about 100
c!sj J?"' iHi ci'ves, oxen, horses and
nogs. TRc co"w suWilicTnsIous'
and well ventilated, the cows are kept
in them, day and night, during the
whole widter. and dunnt? the cold.
. -j - ,
1(1 wrt we-irhor nf ihrhr
seasons. Each cow has her appropri.
by their proceedings, to be in league
with every ktnd of fraud and'mjur.tice.
They proceed, as if they had aa intri
cate settlement of ten thousand a yer
to discuss, id su afjir thut iruht ai
well be decided ta three weeks, ,$ in
three hundred years. They let pvop:
die, while, they are looking for re
dress j and then alt the proceedings
ire to bc'gm over again, by those who
may think they , have ' an interest in
tnem. unite one sun is peuumg,
yers are of Opinio that they may spin
out this mockery a year or two longer,
I may not vex my dying hours o chi-
cine, but let the villnny which their
maxims countenance, take its c urse.
As to anv relief in the yiher courts,"
(he had been speaking of the,C:urt of
Chancery,) 1 hive, been tu them,
and would hot trust the. f tme and for
tune of any human creature t then,
if I could possibly help it. I hve
tried their jjstice in two cases ot my
own, and in one, in which I was con
cerned wiih others in a public prose-uU6n'rw1iereTtlPV-suffrf
rd thl s
f Coinmors in efftct, t t'ave the ta
bles turned on them, and under colour
of a defendant, be criminated for a
aljciotm prosecution, know the m
of oltl, and tm only sorry at my pre-
allo'W-ed io travel by its side i und we
would no', hebitaie to i,ub!iih the
!:raogest conceits wliich hue ever
iit.eu put f rtil by u:e u-Avl i nf p j.
Ittical anthm.t"Ki.i.is, ifwe wtre A
I nved, as we happ'h are jn t. j, jrnir.
ha!, t. acompa.iv
t e lefuw
they give knaves an '..opportunity:" of
rtneatinc their offences, nd lauihinii
at tliTm is
y"i'r?jt''-iiii-.i.t mm i 'I i . e . ."V .
ions hi which ire. know they are
"Tiw present diy mav .very appro
priately be called time t- try men's
so hear a p lt?ical vortex is at "this.'ttio
rneht.; If inc Ireed tm af industry., in
f t k i ' i '
and h dter. Their dung and I sent departure, 4wt I have n t n l an
those who. hive, for s mej'ears; tr.
pled it ' under foot, wnat .possibility
will th re be for its redclifi .'ui:r '
the CONSOLIDATED; GOVEitN.
MENT, which is :no erecting with'
all the speed of whi ft so hide,us n&
gigantic a structure admits, uhidr ti e .' '
inm of a liince I Cstitation;.
not this a question, cakulated t exciie
the zeal, and arodsc the patjintio
spirit of every man in the landfj wio
believes that the liberty the hind is
oue of the m ist precious birth.righU
r( 'a uati n dencended f"onri freemen h
Caa.lhrre be a political ; econo mist ,
even amongst those wmjs'eiii.riry"T4
pjrs nts exempt tticm from the lur-
I I I t . S 1
moil aoa ousue 01 me pwtuuai w riu,
whi can stand by and see tne vital tu
tfiiits s( a "whole nation forever sac-- -
rifi .ed, t gratdv theavaiice or the
urine full into a troo"g. which' ext
.1 .1.1 t .1 r i .. ' '. t' II . i. ...till am.I ..... .L.!,
!g-i, WOUi 1
2,mi io fie tiiuJcrn i map.es ot
American Libeuv an'i Eji! ty, in ;
ie. who teehtrr nhts verv
T-u! a lv3ruiuTTrrr',n?is;m'
..of peechj.i i I thr press, iubtcai "f
J; ..i.Ug up ins rgiim.iK 7u j, bland,
- tV t in'l c3T,''rat',t -?
lnib 1 1 u iTj.. .n;.in -tot r-- -l,
i iff.. . ku u !v th-:
. ir (1
hin - '.-M'Duth
ftm hkt. vhaaiiutinojif xhcagricuU
tural community is suscepiible of be.
ing road- conf rUl)te nd i?appy,
s in the United States. While in the
msit favoured country except this, the
Uhour of farmers taxed to .ilmost a
n iiety of its earnings, it is here com
pujiively MttvUited by the tsx-gath-
5 t, a''"! e(T-t".tve l J-tcr curd a
g-i i' , md sieady in his outpourings
:h i ri "ne-r storm more expert iu
wvltn l il.anin iofli-ling bl ws
t'l i- i pith with tppiTiit Ci
th'vjoii -tie b..i.-u!!cHs prairies ot po.
l.iii. .ii i n:i inv, a d, occaM-mally,
pitntinu a ti iwer, by fs side vcr oil
the .if rr. tn never A aloss, holding the
l.x-n'i i.-rod h )ir after hour in
s .-pei-se, tri p j'traving me convir-
i '..I . is mm I in lang i ge concise,
-n;inn, -forcible, and sometimes
. re mic, h i, leaning ra.hert
tn-vffr. could vindicate win surpass
in en. ry eniir "f opini m" loog
aT'i- r V 'rsoTi - had - eUaitcd. it,.and
m ike even victory rnfll: its plumes, I
W.iu'.j ( IVOH
4. V I wanted a sweet-spokeo
fV if n sinoth the. sharp a'igles uf
n !v t -met' fia.a3 a-cents to
S' ..' off n -t it
lively colors and
reguiar order, no
diverting tfi. audience with prkles
of wit, and anop 'Stirling their Mparts
V'di indignant declamation i ,
t'.css, and confiding, steering his courv
tie a skillful pilot amid shoals and
i'.ckssnds on a treacherous coast, in-
,tcnt only vipon the performance of his
Juty and reckless of d.ngerMways
trady to guard with vigilance, the ci
tadrlpf freedom, and to rjuesti in with
rigour.th eocroachmcnts of authority
'-I would choose Mr. Haync.
l4cbalrst M'DuSe is superior
lou I compLtiot is m dc by our farmers
against tht oppression of tsxes ; but
let thrm look at the amount of taxes
paid by the agnculiuristsof nvethrr,
we cae not what country, and their
(omnlaiuts will cease. Tt the'r
condition is at prenctit not prosperous,
in readilv a lmuied, but we contend
that the fault is with themselves and
imtYitig hut the iineximpled fertility
of ur natural soil, and the prypicious
.ess af our climue saves them from
ut'.er ruin. Ilow long wo ild the far
mers of England keep themselves from
-ni vttim, if they pursued the system
gsnerallv practised in this country ?
It is not for want of sources of to-
formation tSat so little improvement
is made in our sgrieuUure ; bjt from
the nepier t of them. I us arises
from, besides a prejudice for old cus
toms! prejudice agiint ' btiok
farming'' tnat has broug'it our agncui
turceven to its present stste. 'I'he
fatt is that agriculture 1m derTveu as
m ich benefit from the inventun o
printing as any o'hrr department of
hunan ind is rv. Thrmgh-ft -m-
ltti-n of ihff prrss. firmers have heen
the whole length (if each st4ble, so tat
they lie not'at'-all on" t ScTfwn"'lFnT
Into these trougns, certain portions of!
the - leaves are occasionally raked.
Their entire contents are twrievrrv
day removed bv wheelbarrows in'o the
barnivard; and thence the v are taken
into the fields in ra!s, with wheels so
broad, that. ihia-.lL important work, is
never interrupted by the wet and soft
condition of the gr und. At this form,
it has been fiu'd that dung mixed
with leaves, is spread on the fields much
mre easily, and what is infinitely
nure imoortont, much more equally,
thn if mixed with straw.
Bv thus using leaves, all the straw
and corn stalksare tiitrnd try i sim
ple ile s ni 5 f jia t a tOtsV irr : brnlcxfwr At
certain sbnrt feed and converted into
foodrrirmT appear that the cutting
of so large a quantity of straw and corn
stif ks-must br excessively-4bwou(
T c fct, hawevcr, it, that the lobour
of rutting is performed by two or three
dogs, and the labour of feeding the
proper colours. isut l mio,
thattlls lJ3'rtf'rtharrv-eft this ktrtd-ol
juuice should exist i.i the country,
tnan moe at al
Six &" a tfiirtt of Liberty in Canada.
t'ro-tr :nc fott'Wng iiib.le i'V the 1 m
trc.l Gitetle, il would setm tht thoCau
dim ron'tmplt0 (It protMbiliiy of H
lowing the eimpU v.f the peopia of
iy rise to wealth and power upon their
country's ruin.L.I lH,seoy tiitorf,
whose mind is imbued with the truths
of economicsfscience. and who is. of
ty and true liberty of tins wj
pie, depend upon the utumptired right
f pursuing rhe business or occupation
fir which their racnt.d and : physical
p' tvers hrst q'tiltf-y- tfvflf-v Wis pre
United Stieri epraiing ihoHist-lvtH pared ro stand oeutrd in a contest in
sue will enter in'o comprinn with the
older tnuntiiesof Kui m and take hrr
ftluct anoar the ratio nrvr "
informed nf the objects of gricultursl
attention in distant prti, ad thus
been enabled ! to introduce such of
them as were adapted to their soil and
ciimite. But that everv surject ol
ricul'ural attention is susceptible of
impnverneut is easily proved j and if
so, th ti it li the interest of I irmers to
nke the iftaprovVmtnts will not be
dented. -Let us glartce at a lew in
stances of improvement that are now
considered in state of perfection by
farmers gierallv. U'iieat in Its na.
tural state was scarcely any thing more
hait (heat. Potati.es were smsll con-t-ecpulile
r..ots huch t we st this
time oold scarcely think of taking
from the grouad.. Cabbages ia a state
r a woman. - I hese U g, moreover,
w'uhouLihe. attendance oL a iy person,
do pump all the water ueccssry for
the whole stock, ss there is no spring
or running water on the farm. Tuey
also cut the hay which is gener!lv ted,
ith a view to saving, in the troughs.
They likewise perform other minor
j jbs, such as turning the grindstone
for the sharpening of the scythes, hoes,
axes and other tools.
In the hogpen, the leaves are turned
ta-a grcaittQikt.lus.a long and
ide building. Through the middle
and its whole length, is a feed passage
with troughs on each side, which,
upon the plan qt "a chicKen coop,"are,
fixed on the outside of the pen, so
that not even a fo it can be put in them.
O.i esch side of the feed psssage,
there is a range of partitions to suit
the heads of the hogs of different sites,
It is in aid of Mr. M.-ade's rec m-
mcfl-latioai)lsaj? as a manure, tnat
r . ' ii :r TT-r-r
reiereoce nas oeen mu u6i . . . uaCi.aaintf7
coiitiuued ...practice at this firm, ao'l : jjV.ty mcan is res tried t whicncan
especially as the result i this pri'tice pIiMi:,'jy opcVaTe up'ia thrfublic miuS
goes tolustaln' Mv idsr
rin.i,t, nf .IDOorrrij nf which bout .-.j h V faPm,hieh foliar y wloue
200 acres are in cuUtvatmn. And iiJCiin c,mf.r therefore calls for a
may not be out ol placj here,. to vtate tcorrrip4jn,i,g vig laace on the part of
that the amount ol the. sa.fa.oi us pro- lhe frirn,j, nf lrcc
from the mo her country. A cnr.gr
hss uk'n place in the Kepresenta ie A
his Majriy. an4 new Leislituie hi
beeu convoked to trsnsatt the business of
ths country. It is most tinccrely to St
hoped, that bv their uniied tiecioos an
end mar be put to all pirty ditTeiancet,
rnd ths-H arijtuimtwt of sll pui.aily
xll.ptue nuy iwaM.iedotjSf,jaUal4ii.
tion of all pinies. r -.The prvioc j it
mewe is fxiending and her popuU'WiV
inciessin. With a god soil und a hetl
tTi ycTimt w H h jfre st-cii p btt Hiail
vuluible internal resources, her fumt,
detiinr is easily seen, and the fisterinj;
..C ... '.ll.ki.n.A 1 .ui.LliirA Milll
uailU Ol Mil tiiiiKi'ttiiru M.R.w.ut. . i , . . . , i
tend in-L.i iu i.h.im ibguftwf-ZV." ryvz r'-l 1": iI"
volvinr the dcrc-st fichts of the Dre
sent ag-, and the best hopes of pos '
terity f lJ..for:uuj!ely, we fear there -arc
t )o mny suih, and sorry are w
to believe it. Tiie day, however, will
come, when th.- timid and lukewarm '
will in vaiu endc tvor to mitigate the .
fy!IUI,,r, ...it'.',.njiir Jl!i?7yT'ctraj"
diy will come, wb, . the pwer iifthe .
jp i. eV'niTf njrfiiV "It"m ac", w h Tch, if"
wielded now in the cum: ofTrutfi audi "
pttcp;-T'f - Libertyfe-Gtrrttiitwnj-
srta tne I' a i ony woul4 -he . u iipotcuty
will be as feeble as the idie wind
There are certain euiiots wio pio-
fets to advocate the c.usie of free trade,
but who, through carelessness, or
waot of reflection, admit into , their
columns, wrtho-n- a ingle word. cl
comment, articles extracted from oth
er papers, the tendency of which, is to
promote the views of the opposue"pafv
ty. This conduct reminds one of the
fable of the S:ag and the peasant.
When that noble animal sought prouc
lion trofu the pufsui tuf the harm m in,
it was promised by the peasant ; but,
whilst the latter d-oud to the pirs.i-
ers that he haJ seen tio pans ihst
w:it, he pi ted with hi finger u the
spot where tHe lnfirtiiaaie vtcttm w
concealed. The i flirts of ths tarill
ptrty to fasten the restrictive system
ducts, has for a series of years, been
gradually increasing, and thitthe sales
of last year, amounted to SJjOQ. 73.
Fn th Uitrnal tf I. aw.
CL'RKE'S OI'IMOS OF EN JLI3II COURTS
We insert the following as a curios
ity not g-oerally known.
Kxtract .from-a Isttet mitten ly
Edmund vKi,to French Laurence,
dated Slh February, 1797.
But no wonder, that such vil-
lUusas Oweo shoulJ proccrd as they
do, when our Courts of Justice seem
trade, to counteract
the efforts whicti are thus constantly !
msking. It is, indeed, a duty which
they owe to the cause of truth and to
the country, not to be instrumental, ia
the slightest degree, in giving coun.
teoance to any publication which fa
vors the policy which they know to Ik
uusound and injurious to the public
interests j but, if to plcssc any portion
of their subscribers, they feci them
selves bound to administer poison to
the community, let the bane be always
accompanied by an antidote. There
is no dangtr from error when truth is
ponsibility, then, resting upon -the--
conductors of the presst.wuo conscien- 1 . ,
ciously -believe io the truth of the free .
rsdc doitrioesjs of po ordinary mg--l.
witude. They have --a high Jtoty -to "-' " ".".
perform, ooe which is greatly part
mount to the duty they owe to any. -
party or sect f politicians, or body of - -
monopolist. They owe a duty to
the counir), and one which they are, -at
this crisis, solemnly clld sipotc
perform. Can they , look at the. pro-.
ceediogs. of the Lc gislatures of rmtlt - -7
Carolma, North Carolina, Georgia, .
and Alsbama, and to the style and 1 iue '
uf the Messages of the Governors ci".
those Sites, and of Virginia, and fan "I.
c y t hatTuc TiT "de v .T(f6 n'TcJ'Th etall sTLT' ' " '
liberty, as has been by them p'tcla in
ed, is iale vapor f Ctn they look , at 1 - .
the style aod temper of the g'tat mss
of the papers published s- .itlj of m
Potmac,and read the opiwion enfi- , -djentfy
expressed, evee by some wf t e
most moderate politicians, th.it, opin .
jyslroXv-WiJI, aue. zrs :.aL;.n v re'J.fr
peod the salv itmu of the Union, and'
notmenhat d mger-rs-at-hnd f Jr mi
impossible---Whyg 'hen, will they, not
step forward, and assist in averting
tne calamity, lor canmuy u win me,
weether the issue be disunion or cou ; ,
solidati n Betweeo those tw.oTsw." ' :
ful rehtilts, we see no middle ground,
except in the abandonment of the res "
trit tive system. They are tlje ScyiU m
snd ,Charbdis between wh;ch our
ship of staie has to steer, and I0sv,oi4
them both requires nothing but that
those whosa'diu the shipshflhiiye
. c,ompas. to; direct thfiir.jcrsrTJ;
This they cannot have but throaghi
ihe instrumentality of the press. ' If
the press, therefore, do' rot asuf'- upa'
on the press lies the weight of th ,
responi'ibiUty of a shipwreck;- ,
i ''-, 'i