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0 / 75
It i even wise to abatain from lawn, which, hower er viae and good it themselves, have the semblance of Inequality, which
find no re;jonc in the heart of the cttiien, and which will be evaded wiih little remorse,' The widom of lecia'ation U
es;cia!ty aeeh in eraftine lawaoneonaeience, '-.4, Dr. Charming.
SALISBURY, lit) WAX COUNTY, N. C
MUX DAY, MARCH 7, 1831.
VOL. Xt.,;tKo. m
:lktfrMr Wini Cuniuwa will
VIVl 4 " iu,""
" ."'ii..' ft .!.' '! -H d . pjU . 4 lwr.t
tvfukr to. .
l.-fe.'i J:M't' Aid Jas ; "J. n &
r'li.'.iti, Prenidj'il mJ u.e President of thr
r--.-ira.-o: HreT-n-W oKilii-cownnswr
, ..f-tU nsiUinel
', )t Mine o liio tJCLVirrficeV.i'i .tl,
' r-) rsic Fsoritf of the u. statls.-
1 cntic leKrc youas my coisiii'u-
t-ii t" :"'v' ,n a"co'in m,y c','n-
'".acf t n important political traniac
tion,' hic h been calied in ques.
tin in t ' err mcously re prese ted,
n it ticiiher justice to mvsclf nor re
eprcuo v'i will permit me tiny Ion
v,.r io icmain sdcor ; 1 nllude to my
thi .u, i - ih deliberati-ms of the
P ihiuet of MrMonroe, on thr Srrr..
1 know not how I can
T 're in re
fullv .before-vou. all the
facts and c'r umstance c f ihe case,
th, correspondence between General
Jt'kson and myself, which will show
the difference between the vicwi that
we have respectively akeo, nd by
h(mMm,nnl Ihnnigh whose agrn.
- cv, tht long -gnby affair has been
I have not taVen this step, strictly
,Me4ve as it is, .wUmtjijtt
Ulerauon tod a calm an-l careful es
timate of all the obligations under
Vvms Rains' l. I ferI 8,1,1 c,t,vv,-fdjf-
but I also feel thf most tho
r itg -. co ict".n that the sncred obli-g.tK-n
t.) viiidicatf nvcharacter, tm
,,of hi d, as it" haaTern, Tn one of the
m s; important incidents of mv life
iid prove myself not unworthy of
thf high fctati n to which you have
elevated me, far outweigh all other
oo derations. Should my vindica
tion, have any political or personal
beam .j, 1 tan only siv tbat it will not
Ijt- i) a..S'v I h!vc either wmeti or oe
i.ul it. It is my intention simply to
!irr inv tir c'v.,duct in its pr-pcr
assault others, .NW
o.fcri- I to br held rt p nsiblr should
b v sue i o nst q 'tnce l.-Uuw f ss I am
fi. Iro.n ail y .:( in resuscitating
ih old sur t, -r britiR ug it to the
kn.w'rdKr i',t ir." public. Trevious
. I U .1 ...nC.ll ll
tt mv jrnvjtt r.-ir, mu .vuu
f liit txi tence t t tnt cor
to i lew confideotial
f .i :rhn wrre Tr callv 'ttsched
k id i i fimer.l J.ik-,on and mvielf f
...' ..! , i r.v f-inf to anDrchend
fr m its (l'.b)urr, but bvouse I w-i
iSr txistiticr ex-
cit. mcnt in the pres-nt highly critical
tvenfoirp-.iWi. ,ff r. IJct when
I arrived rerc, Ue in D cember, 1
f .1 m. r .uiinn had hctt. of no avail
and that the corr upomlcnce ki a
S'Jj tt f conrersa'i o in every circle
snrl on became s t ' c of free c m
Vtrm in mor oh tH puUl.c jourimH.
T e accounts d the ailVir, mis usnal
lv the esse on uch cci." , were,
f r thr most p.n , Rosily distorted,
and eie, in many i..stan f, b'ghU
inj tri us to mv thsrart . J'till I
dcr -.red it ny dnty t , tk- v has-v
step, being drtctmincd t 1 "me
for justice t- be dnf me without ap
peal to vou and, i: it sn ifd b-tu
remain Vilent. as m Trtv r.ojrct wai
the sindicati.n d rov c,.duct nu
h,r aeter. Believir-g 'hat funhef de.
lav would be useless I o no ,de-
V m-tive to postpone. y longer.
L ,ubmU.i,n Of kll the fact, -he
ra.c to sour JeUbcraU and nmHir
I am 0-t igflormt of the trying po.
sition in wnnn 1 j"-'
tmsusuined, excej by the. forre of
truti and justice jet I cntot but
W with toi.ndrncr t" piurdecisioin
Teqaettioo presented for youf con.
idtrttnn ill not that of eontrove rsv
I two iiu'iviJuals.betWcetl hom you
sr to decide 5 slewed in tst light, t
onld bear the aorct ol a mcre,pr.
tonal differrme, involving no pwci.
ale, and unworthy of your notice f t"'!
ttprded in a different light, as tfivej.
I Vmg the charattcr of officer, occu.
- ptii hv tovr suffiag distinguished
fIL'ul station, whose coodnct in so
" intarrstir e public transact!!- had hero
portant bearing, and presents a ques
tion of deep import fir your consider,
ation. The most sacred of all politi
cal relations is tint between the repre
sentative and the-constitutiit. When
your suffrage places an Individual in a
high otBciiil station, a "most .ioTe'oin
jbligation is imposed on you and him,
ua ths WtMut dwthdrg of which the
existence qf our. free and happv tnsti
itt.at..aA..to.netit. your. confidence
and on jou, not lo withdraw tharrin-"
confidencc without jut cjuic. It
is under a profound regard for this
mutual aijd sacred obligttinn that I
submit the whole ailYir t'i your deitr.
min.iiion, co itciou that in thi, an
well us everv other public transaction
of my life, I hve been actuated by a
Bulctan sense of duty to you, uninflu
enced by fear, favur, or affection. I
c inn it but oV forward to your en
I owe it to myself to slate, that I
Come before yio under circumstance
very'"piiinfiiT lo'me"and u' rcIucHiicc
which nothing but a sense ol duty to
you and myself could overcome.
Among these circumstances, is the
necessity of being instrumental in di
tlwhinfl. ia any -drgrtrc, whdt J deem
so highly confidential as the preCe:
(Mngs of the Cabinet, and lor which I
ftel myself juttiiicd only by bsoluu
necess'tv. Acting uider this impres
stori; l have not felt myself at liberty
to g', even in self-defence, beyimd
carefully avoided speaking ol the.
courie of my associates io the admiB-
iitrntion, and even of my own, bevond
what appeared to be indiipensable. ( tJtnetj are j advoctcs, they are en
Hmvc not put-even Mr. Cr !wfordVf jj with uhahswerable arsUtbeltl
Sliltemcni Ol His tonne 1:1 me vy"iuti
at 'usuc, except ody incidentally, as
bearing on bis sta ement of mine, it
is ho concern f mine, except io this
incidental way, what representation
he may choo-re to give of his course,
ai to this suLj-ci, nuw or formerly, r
whether his representation be correct
!lfore-I cottcluithxie prefatory
obkctyiauns, I deem it proper tni trijke
a few additional remarks, as to the
commeoeemeut aod rontive of. this
movement sgiist me.
. . i i.:. ,u n, .i,:...
Thi origin g. far -lackr oad
the date of the present rorrenpfinurnce,
tod had for ita oly.-ct, not the advan
tage ot (5ener.il Jar ksan, but my p-v
litic:d destruction, with motives wh'uh
- HMvesutointerret. rhetrnrnfty
U Mr. CrawUd to me, growing out
!of nolitirnt controversiew long since
j paed, aff.rded a ready nd powcrlul
inMiuintnt by which to operate, snd
jii wM early directed against me. with
I ,he view of pUciog General Jacks.m
j ar.d myself in r prese. t relauun,.
With that motive, in the midst ot the
j severe poiititai " jh . , J
i l . . i . . nrtin m. ii 1 1 ii riiiini
in elevating htm to the riendentui
ehalr. and in h ch I to-k a part so
earlv and d-culid in 1: f'vor, a Cr
respondence wai opened at Nashville,
unknown to. and unurrcta "v mr
in Devembrr, I S27, which c mimrnced
hut chiin of afltol operanon, th.t
ha terminated by inv- Uiag Grucr.l
Jarkv.n and mvetl in the preiem ror
rvspondeme. A Copv of he letter
which opened this operation has beei.
nttreri in fflf -1WHHIi
' . . x f- .( ..I tt Alfred
'.., t- . V......I1- ami i dated
. ij.kh, i..q.u.
the 1 4h December, 80. -Tha t
jtwre .ml oUjecis- the W
' agamt rne mv be r"
,hv V,U, 1 here , ann X the coy of
-a. ,nnv nf a letter from the Hon.
Iiun V"f " "
. t :i . L.nlin 1 reDrisrn-
oraiie o iw n,",)'..-, - -r--,i
io Congress fmm the Sue ol
Georgia, lo me, dated the S7th Janu-
arv. 18i5, tfl wnicn u ,.v.w-,
with an extract from the letter of the
Honorable Daniel Newnan, member
of C mcreas elect from ihe same Ptste,
I luhmtt intra""'""
Thi movensenttous commenced did
nri terminate with this letter. It was
, , 1 ... kiKee attacks Irom ine
I noarters. some Ol
me auu "
which are lodicatea m u' "r
dence now laid before you.
. ihii I re-
It msv oe propyl .- ' .
msined'lgnoraft l-d nnv;cious of
6 . .m. Ki nit me.
these aecrei mw' "- -n-
til! the sptiog of HIS, wheats
rumors reached me that some attempts
were making at Nashville to lniure
me, but I treated them with silent
neglect relying confidently for pro
tection on the friendly relation which
had so long existed betwceo General
Jackson and myself, and the uniform
and decided course which I had taken
in - hivffvar"tn'lebTitieJtnir9fIii'
then pending, .My., support of him
rest e A,o pria:c;ple; that 't bt4ieve-W
be.. futid,menul ia. our political 1 sys
tem, and the hope that his deep root
ed popularity would afford the most
effcctualmean's of arresting the course
of events, which I cwuld not but fore
see, if not arrested, wiuld bring the
great interests of the couatry into n
deep and dangerous conflict.
JOHN C. CALHOUN.
The Bank of the United States is
now regularly in the field. The ques
tion ol renewing its (harterisl)eginning
to excite universal Httention, and an
uiLc.rr.itJs Xelt.iit.ihe,-ulju;t.- prwjwr
tionedtoits vast importance to the wel
fare of the country. An elaborate de
fence f the Bank has been writ tot
by Mr. Gallatin, and a number of pap
ers have already broken ground upon
al particularly - ha pledged
h;s exertions to sustain itT'.e ablest
document, however, which has yet
appeared in its favour is t e' masterly
and comprehensive Hep-.rt submitted
by Mr. -McDuffie durint the last sess-
sustain it, (and we do not think it
ran) its days are numbered, and fast
drawing to an end. Able and enligh
. . . ...
and untiring Zeal by the opponents of
the institution. At the head of thec,
stands .ur venerable Chief Magistrate
who has empha'.i' ally pronounced tne
Bank unconstitutional, and utterly
subversive ot the rights 01 the States
and the liberties of the people. Judge
Clay loa of Georgia, has alsa aitactcd
Tl in a "seiles of essays, in which" he
has ooluively established ill WV-
constitutionality, and 10 which he de.
picts, ins very po verlul manner, its
tremendous influence IS p litcal ma
chine, and its unlimited and degrading
coawnLovcr Jbr VxA imtitatbntpi
the States. Of all the exposili os,
however, which have yet been made
of the dangerous character nd opera-
ti.ms of the liank, Mr. Ucntuo s late
speech in thel Senati is roost calcuta
ted to alarm and arouse the people.
We c t celve it a duty to the public
t . lay some of his most important
views before them, and we shall,
therefore, do so as early and ss fre
quency as circumstances will permit.
The advocates of the Hank contend
that the discussion o( the question is
premature, as te present charier vf
the Bank has yet five or six yesrs to
r-jn. So the supporters of J hn H tin.
cv Adams mamtuned that the opposi
tion to his re-election was begun too
earlv, and that it ought to have been
3troned untilhis aJminiimtbn p.
proched its close. But the friends of
the CmstttuMon thought thn, as tiey
think now, that delays are dang'ro-ja
aid that the people csanot too q nckly
be awakened to the dangerous preci
Dice on which they stind,.rd " the
levounns e doh which vwni!eoein.
That the Rink has its idvait.ges will
not de denied. It may and no dou'it
Joes afford faciliufs .iiioveniment,
as well as inaiviuuais i wc
tionf their business. U I itisd mbted
by many, and amongst them by some
oy many, . " . . -
Ol Our moil cmi'iiriitM -
.l . :l- .i..4:.a ti A t nnl far ntt-
me evn aiit'imuj -
wcigii ue wbih.
a'e all questions of txpcdirnty mere.
damentat principle of the uneonitUu-
. .1... . n f v I b-
1. m ...-f.l.'.L jm nri'ni' Crtn-
.nd in in veal that Olivati Ccr-
IIUl'n, mtmim " f
notation with the powers of the gov-
tkM it will ba time
enough to enquire wixiner sucnan 10.
aMIUtioD i or ii win
to the welfare of the crtntryf in that
. - i!t mftt 1. ltd A.
lull -to snow mat an wmiuuu vi i"
kind is fare from Uag necesssry to
the operations ( lha govtronsen and
that the degrading influence it exer
ciscs over the government itself, is
suffi ient reason to destroy it. Bill less
difficult will it be to show that it ha
not fulfilled-its promises, that it speeu
lues upon the people, that the govern
meht would go on s well without as
with it, and above Sill, that it is radi
cally" su'fj ve'r sive "of. the'sov e reign ty o
!nie States; and the politicl idepen
dence?i -t peoplef":-VViai; iuite a-
deed, caft br.c7)nsidered. lrer( in. whiqh
an institution, foreign to its govern
meet, unknown t- its laws,, and above
its control, is forced upon it agtinst
its own consent And the wishes f f us
people? Or what State can be cmsid
ered f reri m which a i insitution, net
ther derived ftoni it nor having aoy
interestor feeling in common with
the State, but which influences its po
litics, interferes with its elections,
checks and reg ilaies its local Ihiks,.
and boast that it can destroy them, is
Riifftred to exist? Upon a subject so
vitally important to the States and to
natter we snail Turnisn, ra panicji
lt.lv io the remarks of Mr, Henton.
H impositions are, that it is an institu
tion" of immense power, and tends to
hrit it the people under its dominion
ihat t is injurious to the United State!,
i I i .1 1 .L i '
holding thcir-flepi'its without-pat tg j
interest, nd charging interet omheir
ticlvaices of the people's own monev
that Jt is a monop --tht it has
xclutve privileges ver all other
the liberties nf the peoplei We shall
give portions of his Speech, occasion
Hf.jllusvratina; these positions. Let
the people be but true to themselves,
nd this link of the chain ol consolida-
tion, 11 do
i e r, " will assii re dly be
A Rleigh had of persons in full glee,
stopped yesterday, at a tavern, on ihe
LatiCister road, on their way to town,
to see the eclipae.
Wa'lhTtili f this "verv TikclyTTome
of. oor oit aens invited their country
friends lo town lo aee ihe sight and
some countrymen came uninvited, A
man ' touched in the wits" not 10
his perfect mind" has been preaching
in the ltrccts, ?..w.jBrd?ritsod,jhjt
the eclipse was a visitation nf divine
wrath, for the wickedness 01 fjotham 1
and moreover he prbphecied, that the
whole citv, south of canal St.. would
sink on Saturday. This was believed
by some, who actually decamped 76
ibomtngJjle and the fur llaruem,
a rm. i
lor security a sake, ine sure ann
firm set earth, still holds its pUre
so thatihone who t n.i the flight
have had their labor for ih-h love.
Bv-the-bv. we may . well mtntion
that smoked glass wa b great de
mand, and mny travelling merchant
made quite a profit!!? day's w rk ol
it i Oa Saturday more ryes were up
turned (o heaven, than ha been for a
whole year ?4st. B'roe thought the
eclipse a very pretty tgh some
thought it a failure. ' I is not half
dark enoug't" ai ! one, My hens
did not 20 t rostH said nother
Anr rrtmte' said the li'uhman
are better than your Yankee ones
ovrs arc as dark s ni ght.M ' I don't
ikc ihc m icn" jitd trux.Jackiuuiau
it ii n t whole hog ;Hrt. M The
mm in the Mjon has more aenet"la
croaker" if h- had a .vote, ihu.k
ne " would Rive it lor Clay or Wel-
sier. ' lie is not such a lunatic as
11 that comes to" reto-ted ihe Jack.
vo man. V. Y. Ml I twit lit.
The difference between rising at
five nd seven o'clock io the mn'nl'-g
for the space of forty yesrs, supposing
1 st . .a. ..i
man to go lo 14 at tne same r.our
nitrht. is ncarlt ta uvalent to the
addition often years tal'fiun'f life
Good manners is the an of making
easy those pecfla with whom e coo.
H.r .whoever makes the fewest
persons unessy, i the best bred la ihe
company. oir ui.
Thre is not so variable a thin tn
nature as a t1y'a head ilress. With,
io taf owo memory, I hisa kooo ti
rise and fall within thirty "degrees.
Learning is,likc mercury, ne of the
most powerful d XCelltnt th'incs in '
ihe svnrld in skilful hudi, ,n ur.kil. r
ful, the most mwbievous,- pope.
. The mind is hut a barren 1 a .
k4l,whicli is -soou -a: xhaus,c4rfrm , .
produce no crop, rr only one, unit- ss' -it
is contitrtrljr feftilfZed andrnriefirr) '
wTitn roretgu uitter. o. . Rev
Tuesday, Feb. jj. ,
The resolution submitted bv Mr, '
"relinghuysen, calling upon tu Jesi
ent for information in rel tiou'to thj
idians, was after having been discus-
sed,hy Messrs. flcnton, Frelinghuv
sen, Forsyth, Holmes and White,
agieed to. The resolution submitted
by Mr. (Jrundy, in reUiioo to tha
cbtnmTttee aponiTetTraTtiquire. into
the condition of the Post Office De- f
partme nt," was taken up ( and, after.'
ivitig bee. mbdified, at the suggei '
tion ot Mr, Livingston, so as 10 ptOf
ibit ihe comminee from inquiring '
into ' the reasons which have nflu -
eocedlhe Ptisi rmurieTOFne r aTTn the
removal of any of his deputies," was
lso adopted, yeas 24, nays '21. At- .
itrjhjumis)fip( . Kxecntivje... . . .
business, the Semwe adjuned, -
jVednwlay, Feb. 16.
Mr, Di'.xeraonrom ,thr Commit "rT"
ee on Manufactures, to whkh had :
een referred the -bill providing pr-
the rcdurtion of the duty on sugar
made a report recammcadlng iuiode.
Thursday, Fib. it.
The bill frum the House of Rerrea
scntaii ves for the poihinrnt of cr mes
in the Distnct of Columbia, was taka
en up and read ihe third time when
Mr. Hayne objected to that provision
in the bit! making the crime of duel- "'
mgthe sendirg or accepting a thai-
enge . to fight a duel, it attending aa
surgeon "M in. suck casc,' puoisbable by"".'!!.'!..'
confincmentaF'hard'Uboir lu the Pen 1
itentiarv and argued that the remedy
away with the evil. Aftcr. .short 5
QlSCUSklon, tne Din wia iam un 111c ia-
ble, with a view to the amendment
of the objectionable section. ;. After .r
spending some time in secret seision, 4
the Senate adjourned.
-- rv?.r"EV "la ""T "
The bills toliuthoFiXe the pec pTe of
Louisiana to cn'crtteir hck lands.
and to create the r-ffice of Surveyor.
General of the public lands in !Uis
'una, were passed. The joir4 resolu v
lion relative to the m de df, receiving
evidence in the Kxecutive Depart-
incuts, on the subject of claims under
any set of Congest, was also passed ,
The general appropriation bdt fur tho
support of Government for the vear
1831, was taken up and disrused tilt .
the hour cf adjournment. The chief
debate ar6Ve"uioVr"ropiloiiirn'7iif '
Mr. Tazewell. 10 strike oul the claustv'
providing for the payment of the saU"
ry of the Minister to Tuikev, (Mr, :
Rhind.) The seas ai d nays were or '
dered on this motion 1 but, at the
oour of adj Mirnmrnt, ihe bill was Lid
up n the table, without uk'tog a quel ' .
" JTirx'y, Ft I-. U.
The principal subTetu"hlchrM-
pied the tttenti''! of the Tlf wer. .
the bill teiotc'.iog te claims of the
w rr tne-gsi
catur, ai d the .bill ia. nlstion f th
ilea of public Isods. i'le former
measure was brought fcrward by tho -
motion for re-eonfidt ration, su jmit
led on 1 previous day by Mr. D h!
dridge. It was disc-isscd f at length.
and various amendments were r.ffered t
but after the ye as .and nays had rm u,
ken seversl times, upon the question
recurring of the engrossment of lh ,
bill for third lead eg, U wit dec! Je4
io the negative, by a vote of 100 tov
90. The bill concerning the t1rt of
1 i J II' .
puuiic Itnus, mi providing against,
the frauds which may be practiaed (a
such sales, wis debated until a it
hour, but waisLCnalfy decided u.
on." Amurgthe prcluninary bustoeft
iTacked, it asiuoui ort ,m