; which he ha thus circumstantially
made, with Hi conduct in relation to
he Beirmole iffair, Irom ih? time of
the decision cf the cabicet, till the
subject ceaied to be agitated.
Ifaw wilt he, in the first instance,
reconcile it with his Kdge field state
ment, of which Mr. McDuffie'e letter
gives an account The cootrast.be.
Tvvten" that and the present u. most
striking, to illustrate which, I will
Rive ao f xtract from Mr. McDufiie's
letter, Mr. McDuifie's fetter says
that he (Mr. Crawford) '.'stated
. that you" (Mr. Calhun) 4i had been
in favor of an enquiry itcj the conduct
. nf General Jackson. and that he was
the onMtnembrf of the cabinet that
concurred with you. lie spoke in
course "pursued by General Jackson,
build prematurely bringing the ground
. of bis defence before the country, and
forestalling public op:tooj thus an
ticipat'tng the administration. On this
' point, he remarked, that, if the ad
' ministration could not give direction
to public opinion, hut permitted a
military officer, who had' viol-ted his
orders, to anticipate them, they had
no business to he at Washington, and
had hetter return horn.' Such was
the language then held, and such hit
tone of feeling t h t time, We her
Jn,pt. .one. wordjftbe letter which makes
o conspicuous a figure TnKis present
statement not one word of the change
it tweeted in his mind in relation to
your conduct j not a word of hi ta
king i course different from me but
for.l. With two such a'j?e a-.
ential friends on the committee, hi
had the most .favorable opportunity
that could be offered to do you justice.
According to his own statement, he
lelt no obligation to observe silence in
relation to the proceedings of theab
inet. Why, then, did he not tbter
pos,e with his friends on the coil
mittejff to do you justice? That he did
not, I need not offer you arguments
to prove. The report of the commit
tee is sufficient testimony,,- Should
he say that he was restrained by fee
lings of delicacy from interfering with
his friends on , the committee, how
wjll he reconcile, on the principles of
justice and honor his silence after
motives and conduct was mane, wnen,
.1 . ..... j ... -. .u . : f
i "voring an inquiry, and indicated oo
difference on any other point j and so
T far- from exempting you- from the
' charge of a breach of orders, as he now
attempts to do, he sssertcd, positively,
; that you had violated your orders.
'? 1) all we find an 'explanation of the
contrast in the two statements in the
- -difference" of his motives then and
now f Is his motive now to injure me,
and was it then to attack another mem
ber cf the administration ? Or must
it be attributed, as the more charita
ble interpretation, to the decay of
memory I Whatever may be the true
. explanation, all will agree that a state
ment, when events were fresh in the
memory, is to be trusted in preference
tTbne made twelve years after the
.. 1 transaction particularly if the former
"accords with after-eveotir and the
.-. i-latter does om, t-4 the -case -in this
----- instancer At thenext session of Con-
gresSf-yoor conduet in the-Brmioole
r"i branches of the Legislature. Let os
ee - the course :, pursued by .Rlr
Crawford and hi personal and conn
dential friends, can be reconciled to
.... 7 -... - '"'j
the statement wtucn ne now gives o
. . bis course in the cabinet. , Mr. Cobb
ZTZl.cf jGrorgrr, now no more,; was then r
7 promtneot member ol she noose o
TUrresentatives. lie was the partic
tiUr, personal, and confidential friend
of Mr. Crawford, his near neighbor,
... and formerly a Uw atudent under
him.' Wha part slid he take f He
led the attack t he moved the resolu
tions against you j he accused you ex
prersly of the violation of your orders
and sustained the accusation with I
bis powers. AU this accords with
Wr. Crawford's statement of his sen.
'- ti meats and-hie course at the timet but
how can it be reconciled to his present
: abatement? How could he, on any
principle of justice, stand by and hear
you thus falsely accused in tne lace oi
the world, when he, according to his
showing now, knew that it was all
false I And how csn he recoocile his
atlente then", when yon stood so much
completely in his power to shield you
trom censure: - .
. But why should I waste time and words
to prove that lur Crswford's whole course
is in direct conflict with his present state
ment of the proceedings of the cabinet,
when there rem sins in objection that
cinhot be surmounted ? The statement
is entirely destitute of foundation. It is
not true. Strange, as it msr appear, af
ter an Bccoiint so minute and circumstan
tlal, no such letter as he refers to was
ever before the cabinet, or alluded to in
Us deliberations. Mv memory is distinct
and clear, and is confirmed bv the no less
distinct recollection of Mr. Monroe and
JHYitk!,wi! fully, uppear by Jtopfei
of their statements herewith enclosed.
Feelings of delicacy, growing out of the
political relntion of Mr. Adams and Mr.
Crowninsbield, the other members of the
ihen ".Administration, both towards ' you
and myself, hsve restrained me from sp-
but I have
"titylng fof IRelr statements
not-thr 4eat-pprhtion ihat-they
would vary from Mr. Monroe's or Mr.
Mr. Crawford was a prominent actor on
the pnblit stage, seeing and hearing all
that occured, and without restraint, ac
cording to his own statement, to disclose
rreelr sll he knew; yet not4i word is ut
tered by him in your be half j but now,
when yoti have triumphed over all diffi
culties, when you- longer, require de
fence, he for tbi first; time, breaks si
lence no,io defend you, but to accuse
one who gsve you every support in youi
nour of trial in hU power, sy hen vqu were
fiercely attacked, if not by Mr. Criwford
himself, at least by some of his most con
fiJentiil and influential friend. Nor is
the mannerless remarkaWe than the time.
Mr. Forsyth, a Senator from Georgia,
his letter covering certain, enclosures,
and conversations in relation to mv con-
Seminole question: Mr. Crawford an
swers, correcting the' statements alluded
to in some instances, and confirming and
amplifying in others, which answer he
authorize Mr Porsyth to show me if he
pleased. Of all this, Mr. Forsyth gives
me not the slightest intimation, though
in the habit o! almost dailv intercourse
in the senate; and instead of ahowing me
Mr. Crawfords letter as he was author
ized to do, I hear of it, for the first time
by having a copy put into my hand on
der cover of your letter of the 13th in
stanta copy with importint blanks, and
unaccompanied with Mr. Forsyth's letter
twHRHs encl64uTesrrow filch "M rrCntf
ford's is in answer.
Why Is this so ! Why did not Mr. For
syth himself show me the let:er the or
iginal lette rf; 0 y w h at authority slid he
place a copy in your hands; None is
gtvtTTby the writer, w hylry our hum?
much excrement, cr fcjen fnlifdis-jhocd through 'your generis stinautei,
eussed, both in and out of Confess.- through your lof'y arid je1ngs regard
During a ereater part of this long pci wd,! for your character, '.o eacno i""K'
through whicti tney eipecicu lommuui
mate their designs. Several indicati'-.s
forewarned ma long since tsa' s diow,
wss mediated against ft i I wl'l not sy ;
from '.he ouarUf from whk this comes ; j
but id relation to this subject, more than
two years sioce, I had a correspondence
with the .District Attorney for the South
ern District of New Tork, on the sobject
of the proceeding, of .the cabinet on th.-M ' " l
Seminole war, Uch, thodgh it did not y . o a. . " ead,catMo
then eacite particular attention has ttnt b" 0,11 'str Co-pen
since, in connexion with other circbm . .TT, - - . '
stances, set red o direct my eye to wosit - - to quieMh
. prehensions. winch ' hava . "
was going on. , . J" . "m d ?w mn(ll
" . . .. i . the final uurue of th .uJ. . '(
v Of Mr. Crawford I. speak with pain, nernlelou. tTZ
. i . L ... il .
and oDiMOLseu-treience ,tj?uji,.tnai.jou
..... .-J ISmU .rr.,n..lnl. ." - T W'PtWfl Of m,n;f....
I.r4i5n Vn f.fi, in th fUMMtaion'ofone :n0" real felinga for him. hU ... ,
wno iianos to you in mc rcia.iun ui a . x" upon hit '
constitutional advWer, and who from his involution in whatjthe, people of the
character is entitled to your entire con j States brieve to be an insidiounttemM .f
fldence ; I mean the Fostmaster General. political, destruction oft man at once 1 M f
No one knows better than yourself how l and Innocent. To a nation of !
sacred the electoral college for the choke
of President and Vice President should
be considered In our system of govern
men?. The electors are the trusses of
the high sovereign power of the people of
the States as it relates to the choice of
those magtstratea ; and on the decree of
e.i-i..i. :.t .Liu .i... ...... ...
uucii'y wuiiwiui.il uio uusi uujr jcuh jf . . . , unirn,
charged depenrls, in a great drgree, th, J f. Pf'"ded fri.nd,.
successful operanon, oi BucifjjcajLiu.u.--. .,r-n,.."..:.;:.r..s..u'9Ta a..
Infatuation nfthe.Pres;,,, m(ut lhB..,"',
when contrasteu" with hi, reputation p, ,
linur..... ,,. .: .. v."- S
, ... ,v uc o'.oien to diwm k;.,
conflict, with the President of the United
States? If the object of the. correspnn-
Comment is useless, I wilt at-4dewce between, fllr. trawtord- n4 ,Mr
tempt to explain so gross s misstatement
of praceetliuRi of the cahiot t buL will
leave it to those friends of Mr. Crawfoid
retermine whether his fje statement is
to be at l ribu ted to an entire dec y of we
ntory, or to some other cause ; and if the
former, to eiempi themscUes from the
respon Ability of thus crueHy exposing a
weskneaa which it was their duty to con
It now becomes necessary to say some
thing of your letter of the 6 h January,
to which Mr. Crawford has eiven, in, his
statement, so much prominence My
recotlrrtion in relation to It accords with
Mr;Monroe's itstemcnt. I came Into
hi room- when he hd apparently just re-
Lcouted the letter. - He was indisponed at
the time, i think he opened the letter
in mrpresehf e, ind CnCing it was ; from
you he gave me "the'Teiier io" feadr't
CasTmy eyes "over VY and remarked it re
tin need of his assistance, with his dia
Closures nowsvlcfilhe: "IgRTOCinsiTrDartJefenre on wht JVeoneeiv 1
much more elevated round on the ti ue
construction, as you auppoted, of your
orders, and the necessity of the measures
which you adopted to terminate the war,
and not on any supposed secret wish of
Ttie Exttutlv In bpp6illlort lo the public
orders under which vou acted. JIr.
Crawford, in placing your justification
m-wou such urouoca, not onI ezpoMa
your motives to be questioned, but, as far
as bis acts can, greatly weakens your de
lone sioce passed sway, and his aid
CO longer required f , Bui let us turn'
to the ottjer brantn oi tne legislature,
i - and aee whether any occurrence there
- fan fTplam thts - apparent mystery.
! General Lacock, of Pennsylvania, the
t , particular friend of Mr. Crawford,
,1. antl in the habit of constant intercourse
? - ith him, was the chairman ol the com
to. t tee io that body to whom ihe part
of the message which related to the
, Seminole war was relerred. Mr. For
' x ayth, then and now a Benator from
-UjPeorgta, and; wvm4-.w nets a promi.
ucnt part in the transaction which baa
given rise to the present cotresporf
dence, wss also a member, and was
tbeo, at be is now, an intimate peradn
l and political friend of Mr. Craw
' Mee awefMlis H. and J. Utra from Hon.
JJrt G1.' tbt llois. J-laS. J)aN
Forsyth be to impeach my conduct, as it
would seem to be by what rule of justice
am I deprived of evidence material to my
defence? and which' tt iirthe hawlr of my
accusers; of a copv of Mr. Forsyth's let
trrwih the enclosures ; of a Statement
of the conversstioh and correspondence
of the two individuals whose names are
i n Ms n k in th e copy of - M rr C ra wford's
letter furnished me f Whr not inform
me who they are f Their testimony
might be highly important, and even
their namrt alone might throw much
light on this mysterious aQYir.
I mu be frank. 1 feel that I am de
prived of important rights by JfcsJnterpo
anion of your name, of which I have just
cause to complain It deprives-me pf
important advantages, which would oth
erwise belong to my position. Dy the
1 n t e rjiosi lion of y our n a m e, the c p rh m ii
ntcation i which would exist between Mr.
Forsyth Ihd myself, had he" placed Mr.
lated to th e Seminole sfdir..an d wouldi Cra wfotd-'a Jeltcr in m y hands as he w as
require his attention, ot something lo j authorizt d to do, is prevented, and I am
that effectt I. thoucht no" more of it. I thus deprived of . the riant which would
Long "affer; ! thin it wss atthe com thave-btloneed-10 me in that case, and
menrement of the next session of Con- hich he could not in rostlce withhold.
grtss, 1 hesrd some allosionwhjch
brought the letter to my recollection.
was from a quarter which induced me to
htlwve thai it came Irons Sir. .Crawford
I called and mentioned it to Mr. Monroe,
and found u.it he had entirely forgotten
the letter. After searching some time.
he found it smong soma other papers
and read it, as hs told me, for tbe first
Having; ststed these facts, I should be
wanting in candor were I not also to
slate, that if the facts bad been otherwise,
had Mr. Monroe read your letter, and in
tentionally omitted to answer it, and had
it been brought before tte cabinei, in my
opinion it would not have bad Ihe least
influence on Us deUbcrauoo. -The- let
ter was not received til) several weeks
after the orders to you were issued, and
could not, therefore, as you know, hive
had any influence in drawing tbem up:
and such, I conceive, was yottr opinion
as I do not find any allusion to the letter
io your public or private correspondence
at the time, wake would not have beet
the case, if, in your opinion, it formed s
part of your justification. You rested
poaaible not to be-struck with the lima
and mode of bringing on his correspon
dence. It is twelve yesrs since the ier
roinaiion of the Seminole war' Few
events lo our history hare caused so
a.. - I-.... t. If. ttAM ..1 it . - :
ml their answer also letter to Mr. Adams, ami
liia anavrr, written rnte the dale of this letter.
Mr. CrvfcinltitlJ, the ether anent'oer of the
cabinet, as absent: aee lia U:ter. See apnea
dl. J, K, L, M, 0 J".
of being placed in possession of all the
"material-facts end cireumaweeea connec
ted with this affair. In thus complain
in(i, it is not my intention to aftrlbute to
you any design to deprive tee of so im
portantsnsdvsntage. I know the extent
of yoQr public duties, and how complete
ly they engross your at'eniion They
have not allowed you sufficient time for
reflection in this case, of which evidence
is affordeH by the ground that you ss
sume in placing the copy of Mr. Craw
ford's letter in my hand which you state
was submitted by his authority. 1 do not
ao understand him j the authority was,
as I conceive, lo Mr. Porsyth, and not to
yourself, and applied to the original let
terr and not to the copy, both of which.
as I have shown, are very important in
this case, and not mere matters of form.
I have asked the Question, why is this af
fair brought up at this late period, and
L .Ll. .aa.i e
in ibis rcuiaiaaoie nunncrt it merits
consideration, at least from myself. I
sm in t'e habit of speaking: mv aoO'.i
mentsand opinions freelv, and I see" no
cause which ought to restrain me on the
pieteM occasion. I should be blind not
to see 4bat ihia wMeffiris alMcal
manouevre, in which the, flesicn ia that
vou should be the instrument and mv
stlf the victim, but in "which the real ac
tors are carelully concealed by an artful
movement. A naked copy, wuh the
namea referred to- in blank, afiords slen
der means o' detection, while, on the
contrary, bad I been placed, as I ought
to have been, in possession of all the facts
which ! was cntined to be, but little pen
etration would projsbly-hava been re
..!! ... a I. . . fc. . . I w i
uwiicu iu t luruuK1 tne wnoie auSr
it hin-4 hi f-lou-days-of-the-time-de-signated
for the election: thus excluding
with the greatest care all other influence
on the choice of the electors, Except the
will of their condiments ; hut whe e the
object waitoinjine me, the scred charac
ter of the college was an insudicient re .
strain', Mr. Crawford wrote to Major B.r
ry in October 18 IB, (a topy of whfe
letter he has furnished me at my re
quwt,) requesting him earnestly to ue
his influence with the rhetors not to vote
for trie as Vice ' Presideni, t hbu r h he
could not be ignorant that 1 hid been
nomina ed for that oflke, on the preced
ing 8th of January when your friends
nominated you, in a Stale convention, for
the high station which you now hold, und
that the electors were pledged to vote for
vou as President, and myself as Vice
President. This it not the oilv instance
of his tnterferi-nte.; lio" "PUHutd the
same coarse in Tennessee and Louisiana,
as larn informed on the highest author
A'- an earlier pericMlf he Tcsorted to
means not much less objectionable to
fr as 1 was eoneerned, trie etecuon.. I
sm not ignorant of his rorre.pnndenr.c
with that view, "and which I feel ton
fident, has not escaped your obseriior.
But I will not dwell on this disagreeable
subject. I have no resentment toward
Mr. Crawford. I have looked on in si
lenre, without reiorttnR to any meant in
counteract ihe injury which he intended
me;' and I now depart from the rult
which 1 have csrfullv observdever unr.e
the termination of the Presidential elec
tion in 1 825, because his prrstnt attack
comes through a channel, my hich res
pect for which would not permit me to
oe silent. I hate, however, in noticing
what I could not pass over, situated as I
now am, endeavored to limit myself bv
the line of selfdefrnce, and il I have ap
parently gone, beyond in m.king any re
marks on his rond'ict, which his letter
did not narorally sujrcest, mv apology
will be fiund in th necesity of shewing
ihe stare ol his feelings towuds me, so
thaf the motive which influenced him in
ihe course which has fsuoed thUroires
pondenre may be fully onderstox..
I a sir, very resprctfilv
JOHN C. CALHOUN'.
ly ratlialMHl ,t WaHhinRton. hiph h h. et
anee of tli ft.rt.. ..f ..
..-.::- ., ";-v.; j aiie,-i. not entjt.t, ..
ndev rim r-nnti-ct :..!.. ... . "
Ir 'rcn!v anvli h. .i
and be selected of the Mce-Preli lt-nt ami d.reptlV .
order to prevent, as far as practicable,
political intrigue, or the operation of ex
trsneous influence on the choice of the
electoracollege, it is provided that they
shall meet in their respective States, and
that they shall vote, throughout the l?ni- pwhfinnp party
on, on the same day.
m to publish hit
This Orjfij g
poiulcnce with the 1'ieaident
not to be wisrepapdod Ft . speak, j j.
nnrent. Tli-, nsn ...i. .i ' ' T
., r .- ' " "IS
S fT'iwrv ofdupfetTi.
rv are not lb aiM.al -h u
refer ft decision of the' iane betaj the
States we put the rr...ion. to what Mburf
i it t i j. . .. . ....
srun ir oe reierri-d tor i
r impartial in,t
ble dec,.ion? There i. non , lijfh
as the Saverein prop),.. The pp!e h,j -riftit
to d-mand that thia dirt-renee helvec,
their public srrva.ita .ho.i'd be nfnu.A
them It was hut fair certsinly that thev rtQ
know the conduct, nf (h-ir n-pr,,,,,,
Hat was Mr. CaUman in juauc- t, him.
charge front snch hl)fh anHI rMp()n,ihte amhor
ly to remain unanswered . tVu he to pern
hia rep.itafifm to he the tpw of h, enenS"
imiu ..oi ri-rapi io erawiahhis innocence
io disclnae the inincentv and malirnitt r t.
acraiaera. V',.h.tt; retire, to private
a tarntne a nsme whlehi,
lessP Was h be p-ji'ted in the ton .
UtgJc-d with treachery ami his mnv n
exeeratejhv .c-ee-Vmif generations 1Vt'
'he doom which the r.lol,e m,lr hsveH
:aurf cat a rim
Tie Vavxfiirtt of .Vrw York are
pleased to perciive that a publication of
ine udovc title has appeared, expmjnt. the
fe!Cnt .B"bl'ng noUe' ciiy
he uiuies of the pfOprletors, and nf the
On a re lew of this subject, it la im lthe names whhicb are in blank might of
themselves, through their political - asso
ciaiions, point directly to the contrivers
of this scheme. I wish not to be misunderstood-
1 have too much respect for
your charactrr to auppose you capable of
psrticipa;inK in the slightest degree in a
political intrigue. Your charac'.erla of
too high, and, generous a cast to resort to
such means, cither for your own advan
tage or that of others. This the contri
yen (jf the pig wcjl knew, bet tfeey
Hcraona woo resirt to tbem. The design
is a laudable one, and should be encou'r
"Red by the public. Th tu,ho. r.
quests ut to Say that it will be for ur
me uxenange (tils day.
It appears to be ihe intention or the
author to continue the publication from
7lm to tfifte'. an J wt perceive that he has
very juduioosly embodied in thi. c,..
number, ihe .umi,,i,c little poein en)j
tied, - The Gamester." which enriched!
our coiumna a ti
inK a a.ienwartd an es'ir, f.
rJ of the dermator aar.ka of I,;. ..m,; .
U'elcannot believe the public ne wmiMhir
req.nrcd ,o iHibrml a sacrifice nf Mr Tathoja.
Hie Globe avi in another pf.ee that - M'. Cit
horn, will he hell reapniwinli f., alih.'i
chief vhicb mav follow the puMicaiinn of thi
e"Ttronrtenee- ThTa is a strafe principle is"
jnri.pru.li net, that a man it to he dra.4 infr
a rou t or Jat.er to evantUh hisinnoeenee.sDj ' 1
when s- etabt;I)ed that he shall luKrt the
lisJna ani peahin of the guilty. This wit '
the T.r.d; purMis.l the p-ople of th. Units!
States in their a lmiui.t-atinn of jnvict. Ta
what cmtntry mav beUg'the humne awl.'
sapient F,litor of the r.l h- where that role of
civil jniee prevailed we are imaMe ti W 1
mine. He will bs wofuHy disappointed if be ,
eipee's to Imprm siirb nid an I amj, i.W
upon the pjilic mind in this country. I as-',
other place the Glob- make an attempt to
pVuficVe alirtlr.- iat lri ton r$tf6ritZ
does not by any mean, answer the rtirpoW ,
MntempUted by the writer. Ge.nl. Jafkmi---r-jrffle
lener'he simple rj-iettion whether ha haJie i
fually pursued the court ascribed t a bins' bj f
Mr. Crawford in Mr. Stone's Cahine',
thonfr the single accnation In Jlr,Trawfirf
Iwter was whether Mr. LMIumn ever Wirt.l V
an enquir into Uenl. Jaefcpon'i eonduet. ; th' .
is a jrruss perrersinn of the ohvi.un acnw ir.
impo:1 of Mr. Crawforrl't fetter. Other J
falae charrt were marie in that letter. Dut '
ppo thafhad been the ijgle charj;a ia the
letter and Mr. Calhfiun laj awered Cerl.'
Jackson'a' enquiry in the arRrroaliw aolelT?'
What woild have been thelrtsiih f" Ui. Cslhotia "
would inattnlly have been branded by the tiy
miJues who hae environed tbe Tretident, with. "
the epithets of treachery and duplicity, which
e" 'wks 'since, and ' Ca!h.un plainly foresaw from the tenor of ;
: .... . . "
wuicn urn aniieirr. in k . T .
vershy Review. , Ae'tbta book will be
sought for by .G,mbter, h
now b read by many of ho 4or whose
oenefit, it wa, especially drsntS
the President's letter." Mr. Calhoun attempts 1
no justification of his emirs in the cabinet a U
asserted by tbe Globe- Ilia sole aim w.tore -pel
the eharfreof dnpticl'y and d-irnfeoi,
toward. Cenl. Jackson which he baathimri
antfy dil.. Mr. Calhoun has too Biucb Im!e- 2