It li ta iim toU'm from !, tntli, hfr ami gool in tbmmlrca, fctt th MmMinf of injual.t7, h.c!
(iiJwrtvo:w'8t,''w1'.'r,n,l!ii(;ki!l a tlf4 with J.ttta rmore. Tt 1 trl'i Is
riper;!'? area ia frir Ui on t ,. , , &r, ltatug.
SMSU;UY, KOWAV COUNTY, V. C MOSHAY. AlMUIa II, 1811.
(VOL. X! mi.
j MAU-rttf.-AccordiB to. the
Patriot bvthe -moment to
;fM,rfiir B.U, propyl ' Mj.
n.relo of Boston, and passed
n .use of Rrprrseotatives onrfaturdav,
SmSie r.-rsr for ".bv Mthorlsrd
Llat'n, r v P""n-
Formerly the U- imposed penalty on
nvone .0 moving, and ihr mm,,,,
","ef w. declared both null and void.
We look upon thi amendment as
fl0, of the moat rrtoiim and deroga
wr" th.n could have brn marled by
,n intell-R-nl legr.l.turc That en-"i-htened
lawgiver, sl-oold Ir.vel cut
? the way I- Irg1;ze mitrimonv
ifer.lhcM.ck and white popu
ti,n especially Massarhusett..
Uere, according to the Uir ernto,,
Aere are U.000 more females than
wile iaacireumatancenl the. most
l,eu;"..r.l dvr." and one .hat
ahould meet with the FrPrthm.,on of
.lithe other states. A terrible oJtciy
was iustlv r-ised againat such a prop
option, when, as He,ed. .i.m.n.tr;)
from Mil WrtRht , but now that .t is
legally sanctioned by the 44w,se ..or.
of the cast, the obloquy , ahould just
y be visited upon that :..dv.
Let .t for a tnneat be suppo.ed,
(h.t some honorable senator on hi.
mora home frm hi, lese.lat.te avo
c,wrms, Should 61 aaody.daufibter,
be pride of hi. heart and the orna
. ...fB,ChuMr,.vtdde.l.io a negro
-hi. o.tler or aov ther mrnnl.
Would not the retribution seem just,
Md the operation of the law 1 - tr.t.
Stance strkr i-im unnatural?
Would not the father turn away m
fraction a,d -h.ov.tthe res,l of
0i, o.n fRMri.nf J;t why may
not such acae occur? In absolving
from pen.ltvlhnse who unite m the
bonds of matrim.ny the "thick lipped
frlcannand the f.ir beings of a Icaa
nrrid clime, the crime and indelicacy
ofsucbuoion arc -Uo to. certain el-
rerit .obliterated, and an inducement
- held out for-aucH mmugea.
WhH md p;rit of philanthropy culd
. have induced lUr. .Mwhujetti le
',!imn to enaet .uth ware
at a Iom to de terminer aa we arc also
tn im.cipe what commendable or hu
- mane re.ultV could poibly grow out
of enactment. With, tbe ,mprea.
-wonaTind Uh the moat-ralcon-,truction
of he phra," all men
were created free and equal, we
cannot but estimate anch - law but a
d'ngrateful to the country. fW.
The S.iprem C urt, ia our readers
.Iready know, h-a ct .Hy decided
Oie cae of " the Cherokee Nation
against Georgia," in favor of the lau
ttr, and haa thus distinctly admitted
tlie right of the State to eitend her
jiriadiction over all her territory.
'Phi. important ce, respecting the
hitte of wjjich there has been great
anxietr and excitement in every
quarte'r of the Union, hw thus been
itttled hy the refusal of the Court to
grant the injunction prayed for. e
are glad that it haa terminated in this
peaceful manner: but it is tiH a -mat--T-.omT"cun6trtd
he firat time in ita life, to give a de
daion i. favrtf of State Rights?
1 When was it ever known betore 10
4onbt ita own jurisdiction in aoy eaae
whatever? Hw has it happened,
t aftor committing eDcroachment
tyto encroachment, uaurpation upon
Lsnrpation, and taking cognizance of
.questions iavolvingthe sovereignty of
State with as little ceremony as it
would of the not ordinary law case,,
ft has now discovered that "to arbi
ate this question would be to asiume
J.5UticaL..ppwerlM..td that auch
power 44 was not intended to be vested
& it. How long is it since that Court
Jas entertained doubt of its powers,
Qr felt such delicacy and modesty 10
frlitical affair.? What new light has
gddenry burst npon it I H
'f seen tire error of its wa;-, .ad taken
new and correct views of the structure
of .'our government, and of the rela
live rights and powers of the federal
nd Hute authorities f Or was this
d'ci.ion the- retull of prudence and
discretion f Had the Cae of'Tastelt
any infl jence upon it I Did the Court
remember that Georgia had already
spurned, and would again spurn its
authority, and did it therefore shrink
fnm the eonaeque oees of saturnine; a
power which it could not hive etert
rrJ; Df attempted t enforrrTTTrrptt
imminent hazard of ".dissolntiowofj
th; union t IJe. this as it mar, how.
ever, it is a important fderiion in
favor of Htate Rights.' The N r.
thern phllnnthropitlt, who have been
I'-ng endeavorioir, to excite the Indiana
to rei'utance, will no doubt be ditap
pointed with it. There will now be
no comrnition nor conflict no tragi
ral series at which humanity anight
weep. But it will be a source of grat
ificati'in, not only to the advocates of
Ht-tte Rgha, but to all who value pub.
lie tranquillity, and the harmony and
p. rpetuitv of our union. The In
dians, finding themselves unaupported
10 thirir ridiculous i tlaini of sovereign,
tv by the Court seeing that they are
not recognised aa a foreign nation."
hot merely regarded as " a domestic
dependent people, holding the same
relation to the U.' States, which wards
dy to their guardians"' will now pro
bably abandon their u.eless struggle
for i'desl right, and either submit, as
become them, to thr jurisdiction of
Georgia, or remove, conformably to
the Art of Congress on th- subject, to
the Weat of the Mi.aiaaippi. This
latter "course i decidedly the ht,'ahd
all who deaire their real welfare,
ahould aow. join .in induciug them to
adopt it. Charleston Mercury.
Columbia Crrepondent of
tc M .con Telegraph, who write from
Il.ivm, thus d'uenbe the tomb ot
M My first pilgrimarj hsa been
made to the T.mb of Columbus. I
need not say it is the moat splendid I jby cant ni yQU kQ0W (ul, well thlt
have ever seen, for I have never seen; . woold never have bfoUfthr Such
anv thioar which can be placed in com
pariaon with it.- it stands without
the walls,aad under one of the mystj
splendid d me of the Cathedral j US
form is that ol a temple surrounaea
with pillars atanding on a massive
which there ia a. small, portsl between
four miniature columns, within which
the box containing his remsins is said
tt be- depos'tsd within .the . temple
ia a autue about .three feet high. The
material of the whole temple i of the
roost heautiiui iwnao ' u,t
said, by travellers who have visited
Italv. th.1t they have never seen so
beautiful a piece of sculpture there or
elsewhere, It was mde- entirely in
Italy, and brought ready to be set up
here. In the morning I attended mass,
at the Cathedral, the tomb of Columbus
was surrounded with candlesticks, I
should think neartvlhree feet in length
of massive gold, while every thing
round corresponded in style and rich
ness of ornament.
44The Cathedrsl itself far surpasses
anv thing I had ever seen or heard
imagined, in the beauty and style of
its architecture of its length, breadth,
width,'or height, I will uot undertake
to fonn what-1 would call, a correct
opinion ; for the eye and mind of the
visitor is so
deeply . imrjressed with the
awe aod solemnity of such a scene, as
to be wholly unprepared to make esti
mates of measurement. Its high tow-
ira maSsive coiurnna
'""J . - .
and arches its beautum aiaiua.r
paintings all strike the eye with won
der, ia which the mind is lost jn
thought. Add to this the expressive
solemnity of the rites aod ceremonies,
which were constantly going on at the
shrine and confessionals, which were
,0 distant that the priests were out o
reach of each other's voices, you will
not be surprised that I was Impressed
with feelings beyond description.
Anadote of Lord Byron. Mr.
UillinVen. in his forthcoming work on
Greece, gives an exceedingly mmute
- .-t-..f the noble poet. He id-
forms us that he always wore gloves,
drank tea msd gin.profuicly ;
and ofit aelf denial, where his appe
lite was inclined to risk his figure,
gives the following exsmple: " On
dinner being served up, although scv.
ersl dishes of mest were upon the ta
b!et Lord Byron did not pirtake of
aoy 1 his custom being to eat mest on.
ly once a month. Roup, a few veget.
sblst, a considerable portion of Kn
gliah cheese, with some fried crusts
of bread and fruit, constituted his
daily fre. He ate with treat rapid-
itv,.nd drank freely. Tnere happen
ed w be-n the table.t roasted cspofln
the good looks of which sv powerfully
tempted him, that after w'utfa'ly eye
ing it, he was an the point of taking
a leg 1 but suddenly recollecting the
rule he had imposed 00 himself, he
left it ia the dish, desiring his servant
to let the capon be kept till the next
day, when his month would be out."
The anecdotes we subjoin are the
newest we ran find j the last days of
Bvron's life having been repeatedly
before the public. 14 During the ear.
her part of hi youth, hi then very
limited revenues were soon exhausted
bv his extravagant expence in Lon
don, and especially by his frequent
ing the gaming houses. He had bor
rowed a much from the usurer, that
none were to be found humane enough
to advance him any far h-r aum, at
whatever interest he offered. One
morning after a. sleepless night, spcit
at one of thote establishment! in
which he had lost all of his money,
he heard a coach stop before his lodg
ings, and -aoon after saw a ladv of
rank, who had given him proofs ol
the mo.t ardent attachment, enter his
room, beheld a smalt 'casket' Inlier
hand, and, on depositing it on the ta
blr, told. him thii,.hesrir.gijt .the.pe.
cuniary misfortunes hr had met with,
ai.d friring he might fi:id himself i.
embjrratsed circumstances, .he hsd
brought him all her jewels and money,
and requested he would accept them
aa proofs of her affection. Go, and
take bark with you," said Lord B.
t'ernlv," yur trinkets snd money,
I am nnf man In be imnnard unon
thing to me had you supposed me vile
enouiih to accenf them." Mention bc-
rng once made before hinj of-the fre.
quent errors of judgment Into which
a person msv be led by the appear,
oces of physiognomy, he.obseryed,
il You are young mjn, and may there
fore, hss-e occasion to derive-benefi'
from iVin precept of mine : never give
your entire' faith to any one whose
eye. are grey." - Oo itsbeiog remark
ed to him, that hia own were of that
very color, he added, 44 Do you think
I consider myself an exception to this,
jj might M universal rule? it would
have been well for many, who hsve
had to deal with me, had they been
guided by it.''
IMPOriTANCK OF RELIGION'.
If you brake down the public ordin
ances of Religion, you will instantly
break down the bulwarks of public
virtue and il you obliterate from so
ciety the public worship ol God, you
will speedily destroy in the"mrhds of
its members you win quicxiy enact
(mm thf conacience ot mio. all
gard for the laws aud the appoint
ments of humanity, if you destroy
nedect and despise them in the hign
p! acjeVf Mli'l'lS 'i
efficacy ol. Its eoactmema in tc tuuac
and if you take away ...the.ioflucnce.ofj
of its restraints and denouncements
from the mind of the mass ot man
kind, vou have annihilated, in their
estimation, the influence of political
power and authority. Let toe exper
iment be made once and we are sure
it wHl never be repeated. Infidelity
will occupy he seata of justice and ot
mrrcv. The Halls of legislation will be
filled with a wild croup of dieorderly
and chimerical visions. The dreams
nf v4nhilosophy will lake the place
of the dictates of moral and religious
truth. Improvement and retnement
will be held out in prospect, while oe
generacy and degradation are experi-
enced in tact. A new era 01 rajjeu.
rntion and blessedness will be preach
ed up by th disciples of falsehood,
whiltuw nioisier. huh.
nounceing the approach of debasement
and misery. The relalition of pub.
lie principle will speedily spresd its
baleful eflecu over the lowest condi
tiun of private life. . The abolition
the public establishments of religion
will be followed by the subversion of
public tranquility and happiness. Vile
men will be rialtedt and the wicked
will walk on every aide. The demor
aliiing contagion of profanrness and
prodit scr. will extend through all ranks
hi she cownauaty 1 and .11 the parade
of laws .mi peoclamati". will oot Jt
able to preserve the boundaries of per
tonal honor and fidelity entire or in.
raoai var vtraa n.vstav
rostageA the question appears to
be agitated in Congress, and in differ
cnt parts of the Union, relative to the
disposal of the funds, when the Na
tional Debt is discharged, why would
it not be good policy to relieve the
people of a heavy tax, by leaaening
the postage on letters and newspapers.
Letter postage, although. rated raiher
high, can atill be endured the major
part of letters being, it is believed,
received by men of business, presum
ed able to encounter the expense. It
is the oewapaper pottage of which we
moat complain, and which we consid
er ought to be reduced at least oni
halt. It ia more seriously frit in the
country than in cities, and the whole
burden eventually falls on the printers.
Thcprices of- weekljrr.untry "paperi
are estsblished at two dotlari per an
num but in order joindiice people
to tke"the papers by mail, the pub
lisher are compelled to reduce that
paltry sua we-quaier- We believe
that the proposed reduction might be
made without materially affecting our
national revenue, and at the same time
be the means of benefiting msny.
vhoae usefulness in society is but two
rorlv Tecompeuced'-ulntellif;enee is
the life of liberty" snd the Prest is,
undoubtedly its greatest auxiliary.
!ery facility should, therefore, be
ottered for an exteosive circulation of
The National Journal, the principal
organ of the Ctay party 11: Wahing:
ton City, notice the report current in
1827, and mentioned at the time, in
newspapers, ekpecialy in those of-Bal
timore, that dunog that year, Mr.
Crawford either applied, or expressed
his willingness to the party which sup
ported Mr. Adama, to serve si Vice
president. ,4 This, (ays the Jour
nal,)has never yet been denied," and
it becomes important to understand
whether the statement made at that
time-is founded on truth. If not, it
should now be denied." We too
think so 1 and shall be highly pleased,
should the Southern Recorder not
consider silence on the subject to be
Fortifications. The following are
the appropriations made for fortinca
lious, for the present year : For
Georjre'a Island, Boston harbor, 85,-
000 , Fort Adams. (R. I.) glOO.OOO,
Port Hamilton, (N. .) 1 0,000 1
Fort Columbus and Castle Williams,
(N. Y.) S-5,000 Fort Monroe,
f Va.) g80,000t F Calhounr Va.)
S80.000 1 Fort Macon, gSO.QOQ Fort
on 0k lland, (N-.C; 89J.CWQ4 Jiir
ti6cations at Charlestoo, (S. C.)
000 1 -do. .t- fensacoia.- .uu,uuuj
Fort at Mobile Point, '890,000; ISiat-
Wood, (Lou.) 83600 Contingencies,
810,000. The sum ot .ub,ouu is
ppropnated for carrying on the worn
of the Delaware Breakwater.
While Bruce, the traveller, one day
was at the house of a relation in East
Lothian, a gentleman present bluntly
observed that it was impossible
that the natives of Abyssinia
could eat raw meat. Bruce said
not word, but leaving the room,
he shortly returned from the kitchen
with s piece of raw beefsteak, pepper
ed and salted in the Abyssinian fash
ion. You will eat that, air, or fighi
rne be said. When the gendemw
had eaten up the rs fVah. fmost wil
lingly would he have uteo his words
instead.) Bruce falmly observed,
' Now. sir, you will n-ier again say ft
!. t !U-
ADVICE TO 'APPRENTICES.
1. Having selected yotirpmfeaiioo, -resolve
rot to abandon it but by
life of industry .rid enterorite to av."
dorn it, You will be fcach mor
likely to succeed in buioeMTOU have v
long studied,"lKan ia ' that ) Low '
but littler . ,
3. Select the bett company yoof
power to obtain, and let your conver
ssrion b on those things whi(H yoa
ish to learn, Frequent convtrmioa
ill elicit much instruction; " :
S Obtsio a friend to aelect for y0i
the bett books on morshtyi'mmoy,,
end the liberal arts and partkrftrl .y
those which treat ofl sour own prgft
slon. tt is not the reading , of aims
books that makes . man wise, but the
treacling of only those which can hi
part wisdom. , . . -
4. Thoroughly understand ,wk4
you read take notes . of.aJl.thsi n
worth remembering, and Irequeotli
review what you have written.
5 Select for your model, the purnt
and greatest charaetera, and always -
eodesvor to imitste their virtues, ao4 .
10 emulate their greatness. '
Orfierve Ood, attetid hif-wonblp )
and endeavor to set an example of pi
ety, charity, and aobriftj to .11 around
you. . v v
-f r LaronT cotintryi rtiptttjocT""
rulers treat with kindness your fel
low apprentices 1 let rour treat' aim
be usefulness to mankind i
8. Get all you can bv honest Indus
try 1 apend none extravagant!, t -and--
provide largely for old age.
9. In a word, think much 1 act CU '
cumspectly, and live usefully.' J ,
GOOD ADVICE TO YOUTH. '
From a work by the Rev. Hoses
Hildreth, of Gloucester, recently
It is highly important, to young
friends, that you early acqoiref and
establish habiw of econor.7 in mat-"
ters of expeos. It Is'Jmportant to
, la tt a! SaW aa fTal ran " tiM ' swaaaaat -
J UUI iiwii jrv srva sas w naji aw j uu(
auccess in theworld, as well aa to the; -r :
rlfarc of a-our country. Youn.eeo-
pie are apt to entertain extravigant "
and absurd notion, of l.i.festimste
their ' Vftjoymema"by
cos t .id choose' enjoy menu w h 1 cW .rflL
expJusive, and connectedwith display.
Bat you rosy depend upost itths'
moat vafoable enjoynnen t a r e e'siiH f
obtained, they- cost but little money, -and
are within the reach of all, of the
poor as well ss of the rich. If a per
son's design is to secure such privileges
and ennyments oul as are connected
with virtue, with sobriety, intellectusl
improvements, arjd elevation of char
acter, he may carry his designs into
operation with very limited funds.;
It is dissipation, sensusl enjoyments,
eniov aa en ts which have .0 good mor
al tendency 1 it is such enjoyments at
these that cost money, and very ofrett
put young persons upon disagreeable
and dishonorable expedients to meek
their expenses. The truth is, meo'a
dispensable wants, wants which their
own folly hsve created, or which the
absurd customs of society have irapo- -sed
those wants are all expensive ft
aod they do more than lrrtle-to-prri
vent young people rising in the world -
ments, habit, of intemperance; and '"
crtmeew -. 7 - t". .
sanguine, 1 hoped mankind might be
set right. Now that I am very old, I
ait down with this lazy maxim, that.
inless one could cure men of being
fools, it is to no pupose to care then) "
of any folly, as it is only making roost
for aome other. WalpolZ
A New Yankee JVoWon," ThA
NewEnglandpedhrs are truly the most
iogeniouspeople in the wot Id iti4
said tbf ilney have lately invented a)
new ''Notion' for merchaodiz'mg,
being no more nor leas, than 44 real
Havana Began made of oak leaves,
Covered with a slhjht wrapper, of To
har. . ,wfc'