page has errors
The date, title, or page description is wrong
This page has harmful content
This page contains sensitive or offensive material
Click "Submit" to request a review of this page.
0 / 75
. - -
' t M.ri.n Van lluren.
' .ftiUt -iheeuosti'' was taken euhjeetcftheeolooisl trade, be hn :
2. f .ll thTrWl eo0"n, W lU -f to Btoo, hJ wmwded
IL.112L.i-f Mtftl"ViiIJii!- its nigh and eletedeheraUr,h.sevie,
ft - "J .di.rag.rd to the r
' EjlSn. Bsatott, Bruir' B"ek' ? I"00 rf ,Wr rrrnwc!'i'
I ras- ty.ii rii.- ..... ike obieet of
' 'vrW'OiU. HJrkUr aU Ii.
Tatewell, Tipton, Troup, TjW
IP J"I I
W IlkM. ' B rk.mUra. OlV.L
Cl.viiw Ewina.T. FrefUghwyeon,
- Rnjrlee, Seymour; BiUbee, Spregu. 1 "
ttuti V Bum
DEBATE IX THE 8EXATB,
0 Hh Vm Burta't Noaimtwo.
EEMARM of me. ctiamberi
M. ritiUBRlta Mid thtr werw few
Ocimnoa which Mwtd ocouioii with kin
puoful trwjtfta httwoea portowl I
. wh.Th7 w Tolh,, hMtwhaUrrght,..
et. Vr,th th somm. id Mr. C. I
ktra for vr enioved vsnoMl and oeil
tUiioA that hit Uft MDrwaiioM which I
r tl would vrmiiV id m iadulf hy aa l I
:L yraioi of thair kind rwollaction, and I
AMtii lavaiimt liiaflteM af hiirh honor od I
limit;- aad hi dirtinuifhd b I
- taUti- to th political aartiaa in th coua
- Inr will eonawct with th tubta-l an inter
- -wt waly occaaionad by tha oawMnation of
n .indiridual to ofno.. Th oflk itaelf
' fo which h b Bominatal U aontiav
Itelv afUxtinf th aaeatiar duties abd ra
pimlbitUi rfth. Eiaeuti MitrtUl
by whom wa an invited I confirm lb ap I wrong; befor tha late humiliatiag ana di
tointnunt. M to rxruir oa thfl aart of th I aTmrM eorreaonndnnca with th Hritiith
Bonale a peculiar dairre of.lndu!ioc. I
X-eardinj a diplmtt (uoctionarr u th
miAdential organ of the prtaidant u a,
lected with apmioua knowledij of th
peculiar !tttiw Jo be performed by him,
tnd with reference to hii atpecial fitnaaa
f.r thoee dutiee, hi andoubtedly proper j tuthbr of awh iaatructlona, a a Minieter
that the Executiv will in regard to thalt repreeent th intereaU of thia Nation
wflV'abealdwot be eewtrolM but trewj 1
he moet unyie lding oheticletJ tQ,oppoee J 1
lr Hgni oauaea wouio maae we weigm oi i
kit reapotteiwilitiai and freatly lacreaaei
wrwr bwdefenaibl onlfirpoi Iheatronff j
wround of Bfineiple,' harinf direct and I
imKliaUrfreaxteeenavkratioMofalJIolmei wer under eoniidnration, and to-
Public nature. V I
It the deliberate council and adflee
yhlch the Cmwtitotion rMulro to I
five to the Preaident, there ie no proper
Z ftoct for the vmvMtfvmsNi. la vor w
lirwJI, fT party prejudice or partiality,
fir, e en of tha humbleet member of
ihi"hodyr icao lUrUaJy appeal to my
ourae here on all drmer accaaiona and to
the eourea of the with whom I nauaHy wet
wjritle tb moet - entire eonfidewce that ft
Vill evince t ' liberal eharity toward the
nVere iinated, and a wanammou
ejoirenclar of oenonal and aolitioal oreht.
iicee oath alter-of th pubh good, and
lha Vote which I ahall rive an thia aeca.
any member of that bedyi that the reao
v;si lutiaaw tdftiwi. by. aba Seaatorrom, Maine,
Wa acarcalv necearv to affirm, that in charaetert for ia addition to impeaching,
': " wion, 1 have obeyed a other impute thaa
. that of mv iudremeni i bat it will he ner.
. tailed me to aieert aa I do with tha moat
V. naflbeted aincerity that my peraonal in.
flinaUona havf reluctantly witneeaed, and
1 vould fladly reveraa the aeatenc which a
kijH aenatjt oflkial duly, wiU corapeJ me
. la record. '-with a doen andabidinetiJfiTivaMtbr onitmtwa of Mf. Ta Bu
iunJ ita...iaatneaai ami' altnmithaf
- wer of (ha: danger to which my vote
mf aipoae me rcom the malignant nru.
fanoe ol thoaho Jhemtelve ineeaaiUe
-T: to Ihejiooeft and rionorabl fcelina which
u fuWiw tb petty .pejeiona of a coatraated
M fcctioua partisan, are on all ocean ona
' Inoluied to attribute tha eonduet of ethera
. o tJW"harro Bjuided: Jolicy whtca g)y.
raa tnameeivea. Sir. 1 ahouid be aa un
fkilhfiil urvant of my Aate. traaehAraiia
to the hirh that which 1 am charmx! to
ejiecule, and destitute of the oourage ne-
e3mrj to protect the interest confided to
y , ruardianabie, iTapprehenaiona like
Ibeee oouM Jir a monwut divert me from
th path to which duty pointa. . It would
"Rave a!Fxled"mgret raiihVa(ioii Io
fcare Iiateoed to aonM more abl advocate
t( Ihe'nation'a honor, and to have been able
la repoae my vote on the cauaea mere eat
Macterily . assigned by another. But the
queatioa if about to 'be taken, and I will
ot coneent to allow an oceaaion to pant
without raising my leeble voice) to redeem
lha rtemnmed raputatioo of my . country.
If other Senator accord with my opinion,
. le eeaemiaj,- air, that tn wt or rejeel
wm anau go tonneaeeoiated with the raa
. " 4 Twna which influence it. Y, air, th
Jonor and the dignity . of thia nation baa
1 ftuj 1 think it depoMtrablaVthe hereto.
if)f unsullied diplomatic lofty pride haa
. ' 4en humilliatod---aiuee&rily, wanton
' ; Ty , babW by the maa who ie now. pro
fimi hf ha guardian, and protector, and
,', , advocate and aaan Americah Senator,!
im'.n'it content barely to put noon him
- tovmment,lct the American peopb.proud
i - f t hoir national honor, know that no ruth
hand ahall deeeerata A with impunity ;
mm let lorem naiionsjuui au u wmn
. . i. . 1 -t .1 ..jj
,ni, tbr .even in American oecreiaiy
ejf State pare not pouuie na wmo.,
-l.(rl, Pvt&fei-- t'-mean'- to - resist the)
meiit eicluively mi ground, thai in
I..- inntfliima In Mr. McLana. m the
party -amongst us, and has disclosed I
faifllga WHKH iuwii- -r-
!. Pof BMrurtkMN assertion I WM
nlf avr luaivelv OA hit OWS) Words, do-
Uberutoly :bod,sd, w Wrt J
on thoa. to whkh ha be kMlfMJ.
pwtwM wnici m w.
. UrtiUr rt of th. -r
Tkr tr ibmt pMitMM wfclcb, oa w
other oecMtoR, U would b proptr to
pult,n4tk whol Umpr wkI Ko
dMpttrliet fcrtttb ir oi humility and
Mmrnmuxt. ami cJbvictiot of tfrof, od
uMliuit entrraiv of Civor & ootx, which
i . .. . .
I think tAAinchcM frfaa hould do
m th. pr
ird tba pproorut Uofuig
Mr. DOT in aoncludinf hi PMch
tiA. r. ihM ia th fir4 tun thai I
h,,, .romjuncad tha inatructioo five by
to Mrr Mc.
immm tUmti Minuiar la Loockm. and tha
naraciaJiow with th Court of Great Bn
tmao, oa th aubjrcl uf th Colonial Trad,
u, k. aairradinir aad diicraceful to th Na-
jjr j ha trer brrr prdo-nd
w gorjt tkat i. al Mr diplomat! intv
courM wtth foraitn Natiana, we bar dt-
.dmittad ovr Cmntrw fbtin vrmr f
w tbw ererbaen prowf te wi -e
GorfrnmfaL Thia i tht rirat tim
her wbola hiftory, in which alia ha ever
begged farora of Royal boantT. And
holding, a I d, tha author ol thoee in.
Krrjatioa reapotwibla f'r, tliia diagrae, I
can waver adiae the rreiident to aend the
the urn eoort where ahe baa been ao
diAgrkceaWwl. 1 muat, record . my Tote
araioat the nomination
On th mohtiom efftnd b, MrrHolmn
When the reanlutiool offered by Mr
ward tha clows of tha debate, Mr. MAR
ICY ohr?ed, that h Had not intended to
make a ainirTe remark on the auhiect then
belore tha Senate, yet he wu unwilling to
givo Tote, from which it might W infert
red, unlaw it waa accompanied .with a
word of etplanation,. that he wiahed to
auppreai uqiiiryr'That wajvary fax from
hi iatentioa. I f any honorable Senator
I hu rtaaon to believe that the peraon
whnee aoeaination ia now under eoneider
ation, ia chargeable wit improper eon
duct, and will rotradwee reaotutian pe.
aiNinr the charca. anJ aakinr for ioouirv
l he would give rt tin aapnort a readily
indirectly, if it may be to eonaidered, the
integrity of the Preeidept, by propoeing to
ak if he had lUted the true reaeon for
I the dieenlation of hi late cabinet, it wi
bring before th committee, ii it ahouid be
adopted-, a maee w mauera, . vary, uinicun
l b. inquired into, and not at all coanec.
todlif.ha eopceived, witli the yote to
Iran. No committee io which these rrso.
I jutiooa eriU be aeiit, wifl voTuVrfanly enter
into we vanoua mauera wnicn aonw ga-
tlemen may auppoae to be within th ecope
f w inquiry ime me cauaea w me oiaao-
lution of tha late cabinet, and the Senata
augbt not to impoae inai laoor on inem,
aulea it be propoaad lo . ho, thtMr
Van Buren had an'ajrency in that affair.
u i not preienowi rwiniv um, n ui
I roeolutioo - that he waa eonnacted . with
the event It ia true that the revolutions,
aftr tha iatroductien of much irrevalent
matter, propoee to inquire whether Mr;
Vail Buren had not participated in prac
I liee diagraoeful to tha .national xharac.
' Let any Se1iior71yh6be1i8Vef liuch
practtoea VVr uau, m pim u mu, any
existence; put them forth specifically in a
resolution, and he would, he said, vole to
send it to a committee for investigation,
and if they wort found to be true, lerthe
nominee U rejected.-rThe designation
for of&neea by the .terms of " pacticci
disgraeeftd . to the natiana character,"
was very vague--quite too vague. t.aa
natiiM and character of tliese practices
should be Mlinedr tliat the innate nay
know the duty they impose, audihe corn,
mitteethe uty they art required t per.
form. , , , c 44-'
The proposed resolutions, as now shaped,
make no epocific charge, and give no aer
tain direction to the inquiry. , He there
fore felt himself called on to vote against
them, or to vote for laying them on thd
table ; but when a case for inquiry was
InSoed ha wished to b distinctly under
toed aa' inviting inquiry ; but in Cfiita,
it, should bean Specified chirgea. . '? ,
. As to some of the. practices iptendad
probably to b : embracM in tha reaolu
tions, we have, he said, the solima public
denial of Mr." Van Buren, accompiaieM
With a cha;!e'ige .toalI the world for proof,
aid is kaa had ye beta M V
thai challenge end cam Mh with proof.
Tbnao who best know Ihe chsracler and
conduct of the nominee, foal the Ml.
Confidence Ikml nothing disheoorew or
degrading in the elighU-st degree," tan be
uuataaf ttted, So far. therefore, from
cUing lha dor of infti5t. tbJ
willing to M inettuxeeniai w op"" M
aaupeort of the Memorial to Coagreae
iff of Dutiae, and aakiog auen a mortin
Cation of the fanjetM ahall be eoaaia.
tent with the purpeee oi revenue, and
anal ia it epetatin) en the different
parte of the United Sutaa, and on the
earioue iaUreata of the ame.n Prepa
red in pureuanee ol ioatrjictione from th
. . .
""Permanent CinmjtNrippoiatd by the
Free Trade Conventi awemWed at
Philadelphia to prepare the Memorial
to Congreae. By Heary Loe, of Maa
aachaaatU, one of the Committee.
TAXES 05 WOOLLENS AND rR0.t.
To en ITWlra. ' - - -A
the diaeuMion of thi important item
ia the Tariff, well aa that of iron, wool
and hemp, haa been aligned to another
ember of the Committee, who ia eble to
do each of them ample juatice by diaplay.
ingaJI their evil eonaequrnce we ahall
eunflne our reiuarka on this article, chief
ly to the amount of direct and indirect tax
ation impoaed on the nation, for the beae
fit of the efaaU portion oi the woollea man-
ufacturera who depend on extreme dutiee
lor their aupport.
The importatiooj orwooUoaa amce I ail
are aa fullewr
1821, . " 7,600.000
1822, . . 13,3(H,000
l&M, . P,30,000
IB24. Z 8,200.000'
1825, . , . 10,900,000
128, . ' 7,100,000
1827, . 8,200,000
182-9, . ,:i(o,ooo
iei), . 5,hoo,ooi
10, yairs, $3 100,000
the exportalion of vMiMens u "r
small, varying from 200,000 to 400,000
dolUirs per aaaLst, and cannot exoeod
millions in 10 years, which make the
prime coat of those actually oonaumed, 8,
000,000 dollars prr annum.
The duty on woollens under the act of
l7SI waaoprr rtwfrtt was aobwqiiemry
advaneed to 7, to 1 2, and, during the war;
to 27 4 prr ceaf, wholly however for revenue
ox f r no other purpose. In 191o,on thsad
jtist mentef the various claims that were put
lorwara oy inose wno naa leierests wnicn
had grow a up under the war prices, it was
thought just to give the manufacturers of
woollens 29 per cenf.; to fall, howerer.
in three years to tO ptrctnt. But before
that period expired, a further-time of
seven years was allowed fer n reduction of
th duty to 20 per eenL, and during that
interval the act f 1824 wis raised to 33 i
ptr-ctnt. . . . .-V;
ITie manutacturera, aot content with
thia duty, which added to th common
importing charges, gave them a protection
against the foreign fabric of at least 55
per maJ again demanded more duliea
' T1iua7within"tha period ol two year.
there wu a gross violation, on the part of
lhe: iiiaJiuIactUrir :ApttaJuUi tha
c Use who caa gain by tLUs) 'steal J af4hat
implied understanding, oa which the act
of 1616 waa supported by the noo-msnu-facturing
States. That measure was ask
ed for as eilurdiag a moderate and tempo,
rary protection to eertain valuable inter
cats, which must otherwiee have been in'
volved in ruieand not as justificatory of
tha principle now, contended for, that an
interchange of eur agricultural staples.
with such foreign nations as are in want of
them, may, at any time, be justly and to
grdfy prohihitadl.CongMsa, whenever it
can be mad to appear advantageous to
particular sections, aad to particular class
es r for this ia tha doctrine, on which th
M American 8ystm" ia sustained by its
leading advocate, -j."'.-
Ii The, act, f-Wlft may be eonaidered.
from the general support it received in va
rioua sections of the country; as a national
strattiref ,1wt in making innovations upon
it, tliere have jbeen exhibited, uprin ' the
very faceof the proceedings, both in and
out of Congress, the strongest mark of
faction and intrigue. The aet of 1.838
nounced even by tte advocates, as having I
wholry incompetent to the purposes tor
which it was intended. It ie surprising,
therefore that either of these acts should
be claimed as furnishing and decisive indi
cation of the national sentiment, since the
first was carried by a majority of only one
e ott, and the latter by a majority of three
votes, though there probably were 50 or
60 manufacturers, or the dependents of
manufacturers, in. Congress, who went to
that toifclluMy; for no other purpose-tha
to obtain bounties for themselves and their
principals, and could not therePre be con
siWsred, in. any degree whatever, as the
repreaentatrves of the nation. Siill, the
national panx, when remonrtratirg igainst
th injustice and oppressiveness f the ex-
istinS svstera. are referred to the acts f
1814 and 1829, as expressive of the sense
I I" nation, loan wtucn nothing can
meaeura has been denounced even hy its
advocates, while the former had among ita
moat atrenuoua oppooeta, tha men who are
aet the leaders of the Tariff part v they
having, as one of th most djstingtiished of
tnem norret, in expitnauon ot ms. s.an.
d uitnent of hu frmr . opinions, chansed
their pditions,5n regard to thia ijuajtioo.
wm wai uisu fiiscifim
whirh they obtained by tha a t of I82J,
fad rng ge-rally oa the ertiel.. in pro.
portion to their co.re.neM I thus t.ng
tW people,, not in proportion, , to., t
most prominrnl fr-'.K,,,?r.,4
wk; l . rir aa flvstem. ,
The dutiee. then, 'within the parted of
tsar year for wliwh w hav gtvea tM
imwut oMnvpwrtaAi a-a froix
up to their present ratee of 45 to 1 W Tr
ttnt. It ia not to b eeppoeed that aaany
rMds will bear the extreme ratee of du
Which are eetatliebed, ad we ahaJI there,
fore call the average ef the dutiee MiueDy
collected, under th exiatmg ct.a per
crsA, though this U probably below what
has baea actually paid. We h brur
as statements from importer wtie nave
;.l rVnm HO to 100 err ttnt.' On the
Ut tea yeareimportalioo of woolUu
actually conaumed, amounting to 80,000,.
000 dollar, the result will, show a proto.
lion in the form of a revenue tax, of 88,
000,000 dollar! ; to which 20 prr ctnt.
being added for ehargee of imporwitm,
will make the whole proreetioa the manu
focturere have enjoyed again foreign aonv
petitton equal to 42,000,000 dollara. Yet
even this enorataus sum, ecced1". th
uAen repealed declaralione ef the moat
o.Ua individuals in favor of the
Tariff, baa proved insalncient to enable the
borne manufacturer to gain tne eruioai t
.rofita of caoital i thouah the duties which
have operated te keep out many staple ar-
ttclee, ere ol course muea mgnar inau
average of wliat have been levied on the
imaortad 7ooda i and. aa we shall show,
impose, oa thp nation a heavier burdea,
which, however, ia not for revenue, bi
got, at a bounty, into tin possets of tt
Let us now estimate the taxea, paid lor
the protection of woollens l.st.,That
portion which arises from importations,
cs which as a revenue Ux ao one will object
ia ; as Lm at it it ntttttari for tkt tb
lir tomct. 2d. That portion oi tne tax.
. w w .. .
which is wnpoaed on rbe nation ny ine ex
elusion of foreiirn goods, and which is lev
ird solely f r the btaefit of ths privileged
1st. As to revenue. The average
eonminintiou cf foreign woollens for ten
vearthim been ".OOO.tKW dollars : but, as
might be eipd-Ud, the extreme Tariff of
1828 has greatly reduced the amount.
With a population of about ten millions
in 1821 and 1822 the average importation
appears to have been nearly 10,000,000;
while m 1 830, with a popuiauoaot oeariv
18,000.800, it had fallen below 8,000,000.
Still, this small sum, out of an annual,
consumption of 70,000,000, dollars, though
loaded with protecting ehargee ot ww per
etnt is complained of by the favored maa
ufacturera, as ruinous to their interests.
The revenue tax,' then, wa the email
quantity of woollens admitted under the
estremc dutiee of 60 per ctnl.. s mounts on
6.000.000 dollars, to 3,600,000 dollara.
.1 2L.To ascertain the amount of tax im
posed bv the prohibitory duties, w must,
as ia the ease of cotton goods, endeavor to
form an estimate of the" amount of woollens
excluded by those duliai t: and we ahall,
in prosecuting this inquiry keep within tb
limit of probability.
Some ofthe manfacturer maintain, that
such r lha advaalagea which foreign
countries enjoy over oars, for proeecutiag
this branch ef manufacturing, that even
the present ratee of duty, enormous aa
thev ere, will hardly sustain them j while
ol1 ertTWComnwiwad wi entire prohibition
If tWy'hre correct WntniatMV.-tt
follows that a large proportion of all the
goods we consume, would be imported
wer the duties repealed. . But we do not
admit this to be true, and ahall therefor
not avail ourselves of tha advantage af
forded us by their own fries assumptions,
in estimating the burden impoaed oa the
eountrv bv their woollen monopoly.
f The whole "consu mption" of woollens' Is
estimated bv Mr. Niles and others at 70,-
000,000 dollara. Our annual importation
of 60,000,000 dollars with the protecting
charges of 80 per cent, added, ie 10,800,.
000 dollara leaving the sum of 59,200,.
000 dollars as the amount of domestic
woollens consumed. The question then
recurs, what proportion of this sura of 50,
000,000 dollars is forced upon the consu
mers by the enactment of prohibitory
duties, on similar loreign articles i we
should sav, certainly not less than one-fif
th of the amount consumed, or 12,000,000
dollars; and, estimating the prohibitory
duly at TO ptr cent., we have 8,400,000,
as the sum levied upon the nation to ex
clude i the cheaper foreign fabrics ; mak-
iig.with the reremtetat of 8,00,0q0 dot-
lars. the sum of lX.wu.mw dollara. .
There is, in addition to this taxation, a
considerably increased charge oa the cost
of auch portions of our domestic .woollen
goods as are independent of any protection,
arising Imn duties on the raw materials
used in their manufacture, and from the
tains on many of the oecewnries of life,
which, operate heavily on all branches of
industry. ' ,"
- In justice to the woollen manufacturers,
it murt be admitted, that while the duties
imposed for their' protection ere very bur
densome to the country,, thev are them
selves heavily taxed by highTiiutiea on wool
oil, and indigo, which constitue a large
portion of the cost of many ataple fabrics ;
and it Jas often been asserted in journals
and speeches advocating the interests of
the manufacturers, that they suffered mora
rials, imposed by the act of 1828, than
they rained by th increased duties on
foreign, fabrics. It is also maintained
that they are injured by fraud oa the r
rena, and by smuggling on the frontiera;
and how can it bo -otherwiee, aineo, as
we have already shown in a former part
of our Report, the alteration of a few conle
O uXjar4tf aJth,mUlfjaajL4aTWT
rate, ofdunei from 181? 0 ' 1 per
fjutir can be prevented in our Jong Ii f
froofi.. wheo woollen, and cotton car, hr
. . v .i it rww-iPO inai ainuu-
tranaported fr,m Great Britain n lb er.
rs oflheir extensive " '
(A 10BrMtlHertuy.n iwanrnum
colonies being on ajiy per wei.iiaiior.
- - . - ..,
a i aia mori by the illicit inlro.
t . f,w pieees of cloth, than by a
ing man can
ductioo of a l
yaw . . ,
"... 1 .ii . :t .l . I
re are eoaenslble of thi evil, that
, of the subjects moot diecu-ed
ewYerk Convention ami Mr.
b,a reapctabl tnnibrof the
h rh duties are sosensihie oi inis evil, mat I
it was oae of
in the New
kady, b-erved, H that to each ,mw atteiA J
w,ere frauds practiaeo, mat ine larui waaiiau vt auiiam iiirotiga itm wholt course gl
ity la toe lace e ail us pro-iour
.L. ..n.,r..(iarr A.A mnt in raalil I
Tiarana, lire u....-.-. .'
enjoy a proteetim of more than 40 to ih I
ptr ttnt. and in eiptanation mt 6. n-1
dad. M that whaa lae enact of ine-uury on i
eot was coneiasreo, ia pi-u iariuiu"uu cir umiu cuasrquetii (ln
id not operate aa a protectibn to th man-1 this relief, would soon place them m a ad?
ufaritirer nf AS war rent.
This statement wu sustained by
Brown, of Boston, on of th moat intnlll-1
..Li. j : j kw I
rent, mpiw"i aprKJuw I
uimI in manufactnrine ' I
M He had loag been engaged ia tha baa-1
ineesand he bad always said that th!
of a free and constitutional govern meal ef
defined and limited power a our waa
one thought to be that equal and mod.
a rate taxstkm, the result of an economical
admiaittrstion of public aftaira, wis among
the advaaiagss, which under ordinary cir-
cumsUncee every citizen, in whatever
section he might happen to reside, might
reasonably expect to enjoy, i- Ia timo-of I
war, when a great expenditur ia required
be content to bear even a burdenaome tax-
atioa, aa tha price of that aecurity and na-
tional iderndencorwhich xaort be TnatnH
M Such was the condition of thia nation
during our late war, and it.ll more ao dur.
'' rv i-natie k fa regarii.-tha eoat of '
principle ebjecU r wh.A waa to eioner- clolhMbe writerr who appeera ti ha
ste purselvea from unequal, afljUal, and ..trnsive manufacturer vw w. .
hurdenson taxation. In auch an emer.
goaty, with a at wtmnal debt, lianted
revenue, and a heavy expenditure, every
e.itizeo wu called upon to give up the lux
uries, and many of tha comforts of life,
that the Commonwealth and the Nation
might not fail in the conteete they were
engaged ia, for want or pecuniary support.
" But we are now almost free of debt-
have beea blessed with a course of abun-
dant years, byoatr every forme re rsmple
and have a revenue of twelve to fifteen
"T -r!li , " .u r T"
ao unwnly burdened with taxea as
aretiie people of thia free eeunlry-who,
rose, a one man agaiaat the authority of
, . . . -
iu huh pwwoiiw utim oa aaJta aHl i
for what? aecouH they would not endure an
unjuH taxation of eoen three eentt per
pound oti tea I
We have said that our systoa of tax.
atioa waa more burdensome than that im-
poeed on any eiviliaed nation of the old
worldr-The subjects of the King of Great
wriiaiii, ii must wm atwniiiiau, ara aa avail-
ly tawd ii aav oation within the pale of
Britain, it must, be admitted; are as beavi.
civilization. Let us, thea, compare the
taxation imposed on the agricultural and
laboring claseee of this country, for the
benefit of a few thousand " wealthy capi
talists," with the. taxes imposed on the
suhjeeto.pf ,Williiun Ih. JRirth,. .jwding
in.. Canada, Nova, Scotia.. 4tc.-ad .thi
..Amr will aaa if i. .M ..
dantly sustained. '
Duties paidlDutiee paid in
in Canada, the U. Statee,
w. "ji " iim-
eubjecta orW of a Re-
a Kin;. 'public.
na, and Glasi
Rolled I ron,
Iron in Bars,
3 per cent.
22 to 83 or et.
2J per cent.
30 a 2 50 prct
37 J per esat.
3) per cent.
12 to 70 prct.
47 per cent,
10a. to 160
Uf per cent..
eito3 50per$23 40toS37
1 100 pr ton.
5 50 pr ton.
. jo Mta W
i se uiv im iu i v wO" ara aw
jj to . CIS pr ID
:'r - -
r.- B-33 to-W-ta. J
I Mllnn I
1 ct. per lb. 2 cts. per lb.
Pepper is ota.
ing to 80 a
u per CI.
14 to 6 .eta.
in. All i.
4 eta. per lb.
10 eta. per lb.
4 to 25 eta.
kinds, 6 a 7 eta. per
Many other pound,
ticks, 15 to
20 per et,
ww wj aaaavwi. yuuiw itf a)uvvv ovkiciirwiaa
il a fi. i ..i tx. t
iretw.jMiai ei'n P,i'v- c jvmiwiwr
of the Vonthtutxooy (whoso Kditor has, done
so much' to expose the evile of the perni -
cious act oii9W) mat a eompansoal . a vtw
miffht ha mads between the taxes r d
thi and in a aAighboriag eountry, and
convince every reflecting man of tho utter
impossibility of preventing an illicit.trade.
when eqch ifi.-nptatieta 4t held out
i !tiiiufrlurer rmild do a bitter b.j,- "
iiiider the tariiriow i lfclfi. . . '
1 if th e.ijtingfra.t J, .re p,rmij
to 'L 'frrt the
- ' . LI wm
forts of theae frauds and the dm L - T
ltd not aatMnate the oeotectiavt.' ai-. V
reahted, aa ov.re than 11 her otnL u-
i w larajiom inn
' V"7 rouble eoorees, i
-f what is her advsKad -od .kMr
l wrTMl ;yr!I M ev"
a. woiJIans. the mast hikl
" "vw.iia.ja wTOMigaiy Metorta
'r'V H nufactartra, accord. to
Uwir own dcUratiooa,4o not rali Z
much protsct.oa eejbey WWi!d
modsrata duty. .
lirla. Ina ananiinrturara . "'
. Thia is th prosoallion ts have attat.' -
remarn-u .w ' BiactartM "
kava thaiara miiafial kill... i
. , . lire Of at
low duties, and thia benefit, together wub
reiiai inm ma generaijUHUon lajpw-
oy ina rasincuva systeaa and aa inen..!
they now are. while tha Z
enabled to throw off that haan
L- l. .l.i. .V anroea.
enabled to throw off that ha... t.i .? "
a I under
uwrci which mnm laoors. and mrt.u.L . . :
ad looter to be iv!um. "
Som of (ha most wteUiami --ji-
mamuVturree have always depreeaied.
I ...... . Huaimi. an .
from th aet of 1816. Taey cooaii,?
the act of 1834 as having done tWaJ!,
harm than good $ and against the aril?
1628 complaints became still mere
aJ. The following extract of btttTL
Mr. Niles, editor of the Baltimore RcriT
ter, shows in what light the act of 1M
waa viewed, by the claa of eufkmna
to whont wa refer.
- rie onlw trvt friend, if ,la
f. art lioar vii m. .l - . '
h riJieuUt frif of n, p.. TvT
frrrakW . j 'T1
, duty on 'wool' ;thia prowajwiaT"
i Vila ina rami ir imn.H.. I l
.ni0Vman .d .k ""T
jj,n, trowin. woo, in ... "T-T
Jo eUnha, for lees roorvv Z
yarf, th. i, eort, to ImakeZi 2 '
wra io C4iguuia. i nut we have teitadbe
V i 1 ' '
experiment. I ipek of the cost of mtna.
ractore alone. It would be mrD bsU,,
for us, if we were placed in England I H
we could there, with our present baaej
and advantagee, make cloth, send it la
New York, pay tho duties, tad tali
more money thaa we do now,,. 71s djfnv.
i ' ' .i . i .... .
.rik,,,.ku i. ,k..i-.i..u .i.Z"
entm is tne motK : ana uus dinarenee a)
8V"m M ' ,Un4t-. TV dutisa eg
dye.stnfhi, oil, soap, and wool, takaa at ee.
0io with lhe rf .
... IMntlilrmt M .J.
nuch higher protectiea la
.v. c-; .t.., .it .5. ZTu w
I hi. iiiw w in. laiuiHiufwa .
us. Such are the facta and each' tki
fhiits of th System" which the Ami.
ean manuncturer haa toiled to supporjP..,
These are the opinions of a manuika.
turer who understands bis ewa iafcrtst.
The act oi 1828, which Mr. Nils affinm, '
in several of hie journals, " eu Us rsibi
of political bargain, and patted a
,. ., . Jt a
pnacip diarrputoaZe to a Csngmi
tkt lntttd ' Statu, may perhaps tit
been advantageous to anm few mdinduii
manufacturers j bat natbimr can as awe
obvious, than the folly of preteoduig M
encourage manufacturing industry, sag U
tba aame time to IU the raw materials.
n. t woo'
I other oooipooenl part of. jnanufatturei .
and constitutina the principle va.ua aJ
1 manv of them. RO to 900 wf cent. '
The truth ie,the act in questio wet
passed- without any regard to the fwal
i iiitereexa oi ine ubioo, maa wm, ,
obtained, as Mr. Nile allege, by a eoa
I nmm.J i Kian rariooa individi!, " '
lUjujao -perlwwat x Goiigtwse for tho premerta m
ineir dwi onoa, aim uiuv, iw,
instances, of the moat sordid "d selfi
chsractsr. They went to that acmMf
pledged to promote other objef ts than that
Of the great inienM &Mm1
terly devoid of that etovaUoaof sennmearj
and purity of purpose, which ougm
characterise men entrusted WHO uir
eminent of a great nation.
I . -
from tht Norfolk Herald of January
FROM THE WEST INDIA SQU&
The U. S. Schooner SharK, L
1 Commandant Bajrwi, amyed H'H .
I iniin run nil i rui, w -r 1
- lik'mk' - li.dr.ia'r'ajvneTienDur"'
---- - - , -
tUQ rjyi i liny. aawaev -' .
tho whola naaaaire. and for the last lw.. i
days waa completely enveloped n
oi ice. 1 na ouicaTa auu v.v-
health, but, as io reasonable to. WPTT
. ..J L .L- :-.n toil SW
mucn rauguau oy uw -
r?""' . l.. fon net
home b Com." Elliott, with dispa9-
nnii ai. wwj iicai is a -
I noma oj vuni. uhwih ..Jla
I Tor Rotrarnment. Which WO nuei
r. R.nniDl wtMk ara BW
mf-raTlon.trelltr tot tommtrrial mrrgfV
..j i i: .J.l il. Utifiii WW
tikt. .dmniairt&ll tO Af".
i, t-. on the
j tkaivftkt w favored tution: m
-The Bharhe sailed JntPortu-rr
- hn company with the V. . snip
1 ana cne, nouna on yt
and "Vis. bound on a, cruita "
and aooui iu oays out, apw- -- m'ld,
11 daya from MataaxA, bound to
a a .a i . uAran aan Alas' - w
wtiavM ivvviaa - o
i wmcn renonea tne bbui v---
e..k. LAYTtk.fT. JtshiP rT'
I wiiaiiw t-vitf v'!"?s.s-..' -
1 tapt. Shuanca, irom inai
1 a, all well. .
in - Saw's LarrvA.. tao .woian-r- 4
to I the other day, erecting the atawe
I liam Pitt, in Hanover Square, a oj .
enquired, whether they
to i well ' Upon whifb
' V' .