A.n Virnma. lU t."n'i
fat Slid I'l-
fe rutting eotamuw
ml n (i'm our corf's-
aWcM there, it pr! i , S the n
' m.kl any t""i'!ti'i from lh
.!, ! tue n.'y
1l-t fltXlV'I I' III IMr wa.s.r.v-.,
l0 6JfU' fH.' H'lWtm r,g.
- tu.g l Ihi realcr fc "lirfieto
' ' fy Tic of the prwni of elT.urs there
ii. .n UioU collated from the public
; M,Ad. Tii It .wires Uksn by Wlf Con-
. L.i .1 Vara Crux fr -ihe protection of
A murk in intTfiM in the critical position
l,!r-ti1 fro m-0 We n
.1 ua Swur.i.y bth- Vera Cro pi
7 i.'.ev in 1 iuiw plcJ,' iiWeHo'ttiiery ajw
,rwpriato. .The arrital clhe Orainpue
.re M also a striking- pro ,4 lb f .re.
:""; u4 Bfu kU ni.inam'-ur tliM Uow
sjreviu J uw uai urnim,'
' 1 ' ..I .....Hutnl
Viu Ciex, March Wh, 1WA
' To tht FJilort of the tWtVr &
. ijlKTLKWK tr-0 the Bl iint. a hurtle
" Vu ftttit at Tobimar, a vilUee iM miles
1 iron mis i.iaco on i" r"4 " , v-
- twee the OftvcrnmWJl troops, undar .t
- command of oNnt.Cdder.,a.dCa.Sttn.
fa A.mi troops. whicl ended ia tht co
tJftt routu(m Ur. - TU bumber of
j ' Anaa h lb ftrliui U mJ to hurt bre lh
pot UgoJ wbicb Ku Un fojU in thii
" cduiitrf line tU e flier pcriodt f th
ttJutioo CWro' had md from
, tii etmo car ituU F, on Ui 1
. urd ilHTtWh either If tht want of fr.
v ' iiiM' tb deer(io of Lb Iroopt, or Mi'
"IVI P&cf, uA occupied lU toijjht
J f T.nf, Jttn t wtomlakeofco
r" '34 bySinWABOt; wk muraheij out
f ihiicity 00 ib ,?4. About ii duvi
r"T'ru'ijI,TsiitC Am bd "rtrUd-Xy
d A Condueta. fnotfyini .mHttfy and
ftnuiufiraa (war to C.Jrm, ruaJa pri-
Mi)r or au tba ctcort, ana rwrnM tin
w-' ; vit jjiin, vilbott aitcliiix wuhaay ku.
.'i . ctpjilot W8i Iho rout and. dijaraioa
Vf .ita Adm'i trooat, that;acre wy
, jfa:i ae4 rtfairted in a ,bodn U Ceaenil
- wo ar.paralod from hia AiJaaud tL Army
. " '-VjiJ reubad lha city Mxt morninai 0
" v y clock,' accompanied anly by faw ro
t i&o the aflJcen wora : acparafrd from
, I Ska traop,nd lha trwpa rrm aach otljar.
'-TiJaili'aiderwi aaa Iliw4 un hiaadvaar
-.-, wtrcnea immrowiciy upon ma
' . V(ity it would he fallen befora bim ia all
! probability j but moot unaccountably, be
jemaiwd upoa the bkttU ground for arT.
-r': rraJ Jajrt, and baa ainre rvturnrd1 to hia
T 'll tjuartara at PadtJrrjrfiI tbameftll
yima, tha etrajjlrra bav coma in- omo
Viwil man ar-Wpiiiia-onfidCTr
' li razored to 6tn(4 Aaaa'a frieada- and
. . . Tkocily ia, perhaps in u ood a ondi-
" lion now, lo anatain in attack; la it waa
V!irth battla. What dttoln Gilder-
:cn an kmj at hia camp, ta a matter of much
'itnijoclura, ; and -.anna aeein to know
,.Vhtbf he is waiting for reinforcement,,
, 5f , Cr aome awiftance by wa, r whether
.tutyJa ail matter Af 'fipuqilaiioii. -Santa
- v' Anna a preaoiit force uautnit 1900 men vf
'..TSZrr, CaJderwj a la aaid U h about
fl,vi w, ', . .-'.-(
5"V ;r Tif Ainerlcan brig tfaria Lootiiajj from
T ax- yUvjiitljihia, waa- purehaaed, a fawdaya
- . jfiinx, by (Jen. Santa Aoaa, for tha aura
" V tI3,t0p-"tttd ti to be anrjpdjritb"l
4;-" jBuraii,to, tx iUj to operate agaiiwt a
,.,,.Z.jmill oawJ foroa which, it ia aaid, Gov.
-jemtnent art ninng out at Campoclte, and
;rrrJt 1ho -ayiinal three acUoonera,- which it ia
; .Xv'CCotartuttai kr jpurchaicd ia NW
Or!'!-u), 'wtd are nor arrmnjut Tftmpicn,
6ir' th wirpnae of blockadinrYera Cruau"
'Aiiaa'tlini in February kid, Congresa
'? ft.sn-d a law, ouelaring tha port of Vera
V' Cruz r?d after the lat of March, inter
"iethj with it all ebimnunication after
Sbat ttmei and ordering all pay men ta fjr
- dutj to ba paid, either at the General
'treiwry,0T at the aeaieat CommiwHiriat
. r. aW uf V art Qnu. . Wa artf, therefore,
,1 Dow cut aSt jjrom all comratuueation with
fl wtqTior,'tnd iri, i)ao!utety,,'Wa' ignot
tat of what ia tmng oa there, aa if- W
? hi ew-jorn, rvr itim www
'flrerioua tfl thia atrkt ooB-intercoarao, the
t public papen did not circulate, uor did oii
private fettera find , their true deftinfttion.
lint now, the mailt irt entirety itojpe!ex.
' "pressoj are firbiddon nd tha innocent
' ' truvellerria detained on the -way Com.
f inercB tUtttrdlg, dofuoctj Rr the" time
. Vifts-Mhe ahops art Hno8tly'cloeed,r-th
T""' t -"0iuig tqi'fe'eea'rnil'iii 'Sldi'oeni)th-
' , Jn to be beard but (lie drum and fife
7 Jh "Our CwisuT laiT aJv wed" thef ArMruTan
WrclMUile U make,' fif tlx present,, i
. . 'i - ' fhyment of dutiei, urjem by eomnulsion ;
-- c -tWlh i6vernmbnTfWaui6lheir
. 1 "" -gfeHrli'r tartfTkWj jmpcrlant etitear
j iyal4f AffeYand there can be no change
n aranocl without months previov no
ice j M to Santa Anna,' because he haa
o tesaTrtji to demand , them, atuT ff he
'Compel ferment, it will be made , uridof
protert. T;: jnw Conil hw ajao advised the
.American morchaflta tft make out enrtified
im-entorica of (heir cooda and eftecta l one
ef which ia teoaed in hw-offieew that
h, cae ofa auf ue of the city, of any rob
H-vV"! : bx llwAroop?, we govejrnmenL,nay
v; in in reclamaiioQ en" this jrvernmeot. I
lift,Ul all the mer&haata have adop.
? v :f- ;tpd this auggeiony--- ; y -:
: ,The. present coatroversy ia ler party
Tm aay what tftff mny-a acuflla for the
yr4lefley aad 1 hv no Ldsa, thaf tha
wntry will be quiet,; or that eootmorca
vill revert to ita accustoinod character,
1 that eueatloais wnled. '
ere" It few uayf wiice lrome4Weanifc
1 a' W.cargTtlt'lbaj ?ityjhod.;jba
M un.i) law n ajun prorlfiiio ImI
yndiv, arid all unmarri'd Sfiuf(la wrr
nr.l' fd t report llipmwlvti t the Oen
tral. Whether be will nrdet llira to
kva lha eintry, er whether he will tnd
n Ixwrd tle I'naoa Mhipi ia the Harbor,
wi'l unknown. " , 1 . '
jrth I7A The parkH not 'aeilinR
u tuoa a I tX)icTen, 1 ant euawi ie avi
oma more inti-Uignce., , , , m.-t.
Yett'Hay mnrninr a w4 arrfed
from TamiHCO. brinxmir itifurmation llut
the t erriaon of that place bad declared
ia lavor of Santa Anna 4nt a vmm-I
jrar which J Im. oi-enuaaatJuul lll.'ctljoul
there, had LIlea into the hand of tb Hit-
anected-4hal .the Commandant of the
rarriann bad brro ewnpeHed te rHra with
La arvrt-aid (hat Ceuaral Mootciu-
ma had prouuaci ta Buua.icutnil. ,,,,
- Tie eaaet frarti"- Tampie 1gU to
this plaee 'ma prieonori, men whom tlie
garnana did M ihink il adviabl to keep
at Tamnlco. ' i tu inlelltffenea waa re-
e4ved with tverV deroonatration af joy by
Stmta Anna and bta party the be Ila were
nw l!e eanma were fired J and in tha
evemna there waa a military procetMon.
" JdartWY) U. 8. achooner Cramp,
us, Cant. Tat nail, anchored but evening
a? Siwrifamii. The firet JUeutenant
eame ap to the city, and told me that lliey
had lift rvRMtcalaon the 6tb irwtant had
rm I with a violent atoria at aea aothing
damaged all weU. .Mio came moat op
portunely. Wa beve the proapoct now of
a regular aiegn. The Uoeniment Arrny
under Cfcliierori took poaition, early Vctier
day "aiorouig.. at . 'flfrgtro, jtn Iwhan
haaik4, near aleapie from the'ilty.Twl
ia aTghroii the aa'taebrTliy appear
to huve been occupied vuterday in throw
iiTjj'QjriiaW'irctita --Thi4oinf aa.
attack waa made on ' Ihem by two gun
bnati, but t ampect no harm vu done; at
tlia boata were too Lr cTL ''
- Input hut No. we promised lo pume
Una wiljocf, and t aaaiga otlit r reasuna
lor our oppeiuUua to Nr. van X-nren be.
idea bia famoua vote for lh Tariff cf 1625
It inav verv reaaonaUv be tlm'l that we
have oodrruken a wi-rk 4f auiirrrrosa
lion.. If the State of North Car-Una cao
no eomiatently aupnort a man win voted
for thai law, and wboae-piwiia have un-
dereone no pbanre, aa fir at the winHc
have had an oppcrtunity of knowing, there
ta no political delinquency, wlncn tn the
exuberance ef her chant v, mar nnt ei
peel ft find palliafion and forgiven tt.
That one act ia enoiiTiTTl there were no
elhar lt if the ? nrotectire ayatem were
--- .- -.r . 1 - -.1 i -
out 01 the qtieaimn anogetner, or 11 ma
viewa anon that nihjert, correaponded tea
hair'a Wadth with out own, itill there
are other fftounda opnneilion to Mr, Van
Buren, which aUhoujh Ihey. mf ht not
preteat inraperable olwtaclea to lia eh?va
tion, wonld yet .prevent bit . becoming tha
in object of onrehotee.
- We will commence with bia vote upon
lb Ml t erect iiU-$atea oper the Cnro
berln3 RoadT "It ie true, Ihut biT never
became a law- but we. are not indebted 1
the forbearance of Mr.' Van Puree fof tha
failure .of ite passage. Il ia understood
that he;,f)8!r airrf Teprnterff that Vote,
and declared bimaclf againut the doctrine
nfInternal : lmprpTe.tnenCnpp'l ,wbat
gxounda.wa.bava-. no..jnrni oascertaia.
tnt The aet apeahs ht tlf, am! .we
have a riijht to hold hin- reaponaibla for
it, nntjlwa have bcljer avideuce orblae
tantjtjon, than var eoniecturet or, the
fcehledi-claimrr of perano aaoiiaing to be
ia Wi eoafitlence Late experience waraa
ua, bnwlu tie reliance la to be placed upon
teattmairy of thta kmd. It ta aimnat need-
to aav . that volme Mr eiich a mil, was
yielding at once the whole rjuertion of in
ternal improvements, ami that too, ia the
moat odious form in which the disputed
power eoold be exreised. John Ran
dolph stigmatised tlie whole plan aa more
oppressive than any acheme wluch '.Tibe
rius, that perfect mode of a tvrautV ever
tbnirgkt ots-He, erael and wanton as be
waa. daluxhted in trampling upon the 11 oar
iriea af hfa aabjec, sever trwH of rerying
contrioutiooe oa the Appian and the. uiao
Iloro then, the two moat important ques
tions upon Which Coogreaa haa been called
to act, within the tan lea year, we nnd
Sir.; van jsurea voting in ntrcai. opposition
to the unanimous voice of the southern
country. Ara not these the very grounds
of owKwuYion to Miv Clay t Has nrtt the
tuMJbvnMuiailieU hi tfie'hiiiTiest
estimation by tha democracy of Ihe union,
for the ability aad the bowneaa wun wnica
b advdcaled. tba true . pnociplca at, our
government nd haa he not been discard.
ed from our affections, for the very ofien
awifaf which air." V. & rbaf tott equallyJ
ruilryT What boa there been ta Mr. Vaa
Buren'a past life, in his services or bis aa-
crifices for tha good af the republic, that
entitlea mm to our eonstueration and re
gard, whilst another individual of equal
talents, professin? the tame doctrinal and
diflbrini only in tha uncompromising firm,
aesa and faarleasnea with which he has
avowad-themis dcnounceJ.ani execrated
through our borders without fiieaUr and
without inarcilibera jmay oa reason ta
it. and possibly aomelhmg m -tomMtncu,
but it is altogether beyond our cQatire
henai'on. - According to our poor judgi
menh it would seam that moat ot liu rev
aonaof our opposifioa to Mr. Clay, apply
with the same force to Mr. Van Buren;
especially 1 when it ia recollected that
whilst the former 'waa ttamltng btna in
defence of the principles upon which the
late war against Great Britain was declar
in bia atfachmeut to the RrwItaaitEausa
tha latter was zealously engaged ia getting
ap a Ticket, in New York for De Witt
i'ltiton,in opposition to Mr. Madison, .and
have been Ihe linvitaUermwirn'nce.
is pruhabla ha irptnlti of that t p (no, f,r
Ufore tha close of the war, ha 4om of
the lot furious partisans of Mr. Madison
ant tike all party prwelytes, alismiina to
bide the shame of bis eiKwiary, ia the ex.
caa of bis devntiun to tfa new fiioiulf, Lt-
to whose ranks he anluNd.
- Another ehjenion (4 the nomination of
Jjr, anE(ire(). Ja tha division .which
axwU be eraatid among tlm Mpportcrs
of Oett. Jackson. Mr. Calhoun and bis
friends, already forming a party respecta
We both fir , number an4 tahmts, would
KJ?!V ftef ff A'!Jf.otherjraaa in
natisn, and there ia a large portion of the
friends of the Prndat, aarticvlarly in
Yirxioia aod.tha fkaiea aouih of it,' that
no inducement could prmil od to uiiite in
UiT-Jli 'uubtful whetker adar
ciaiventtona nd caucuses ran bestow, be
ean gain he votes of tbe Htalea, and un
it m be aVa, if be ewntinuce a candidate,
tha atocUoowill rertakily devoira upon the
Sanate. Under the prririsions of the Co,
st'uition, the content would then be tint
rowed down to the two highest on tha list,
and from them tha aeectit would have
to be made. I'pon tha Cailuiw of aa elvc
lion in the Doctoral College,' it ia almost
universally agreed that Mr. Van Buren
would not receive tha support of the ma
jority ef the Senate, arainst any eomooti
lor. , oone believes that an election ot
...... . '
Vice rrctlent will be made by the poo.
pie, if hia claims ara pressed, and it is
equally certain that if the election ia made
by the fcktiate, Ihe vole of that bodv will
be giea to the other individual wha hap
pens to be one of I wo highest on the list,
ana irist iiwivimjal wiir ba h
If Mr; Van Buren pouesaet
aTftryTffrrtotente'of oor rfpposwrffon ttr the!
' m .r4TVUlc , tWWMI. BICMUrtH, HI.
bergeant ia not so Jortunote. As to the
importance of ut (eating his election, there
seems to, be no diorence of opinion
amongst ua and wrely it is not tlie part
of auuud policy topreservere in a course
the beet calculated tf all others to iasure
We art compelled to postpone such fur.
ther remarks as we deign makiog on thia
subject until next wo-k when wo also in
tend to offer a lew reasons why we shall
support the scheme of ahtnte Convention,
suggested by a mooting at Halifax.
LETTER FROM GEN. SAUNDERS
TO GOV. BRANCH.
Goo, S. request! of Messrs. Lawrence it
Lemay la insert in ihein tuixt papar tha
following "-copy of a, letter addrraed by
loot la gw- Branch t .-- -Corr.J
-J Raleigkt April 1th, 1 S32.
Sir, When I received your letter of
the J vth, of March, I -did not for a mo
wed think of your having forwarded a
copy of that for publicaf ionr as forming a
part of "the eorrespendeoee w hirfc (had)
passed bctweeu us- I Can but consider
your eeuraa- ib thin buiiinen as very ex;
traordiuajrjr.' YouTiacr Vailed Kwr an ex.
planatioo of an allusion which I had made
to you in an aaooyinoua publication, which
bad been given, and received by you aa
satisfactory.1 Yet by the same mail in
which you frrward your ante and my re
ply, address to me a leller, a copy of
wiucjijfjuu cm;osa.(ioow-wuinf lor-ee
answer) lor publication. Thia , may be
Wit daahag. and according to you; rations
of honorable .eiiquctle. If so, I have al
leasL karat . aomething from thia conlro
yerey,Ijf my answer. wasu vou had pro
nonnced it, "so far satisfactory is to re
lievo you from the aereasry of seeorting
to another mode f retires' winch it
neems you are so fond of intimating your
willingnesa to adopt why this appeal to
tlie public 1 Was it to relieve your own
feelings, or to lacerate mine, by an allu-
sioa ta a matter, which, when umleratood,
will reflect as little credit on you for its
diclosuro, as injury ta me by being made
thus public T You ray ray answer con
tained "expressions which might be sascep
tiblejoian offensive construction;" jet ia.
your letter you make no allusion ta these
"etprewioua, but content yourself with
inainitalinir that mi rhatimi nf HtnYirm In
wards you had arose from tlie tact, that it
waa no longer ia your power to serve ma
with those who now wield the patronages
the General Government and that I had
been'1' VMitoilor'bfficeM through " youf
favor" whilst Secretary of the Navy. A
simple ata lament of the ee will sjnTicierit
W-tfpei the piiftti rirotrverou bate hiere
ascribed to me," as weU as show the eon.
duct of orra'whn exhibits an 'aimtnTaenaiti'
veheas at beingjpharged with t breach of ;
pnvata couhdonce. . 1 freely admit that I
did write . to you aome raoaths afteryour
appointment as BccTetaryy erpresging a
domra to change - my situation f and aa I
waa unwilling to place my name before
tho executive, left the-jmatter with you to
act, as your own sense of duty to the pub
lic and justice to mo might dictate. lint
sir, your memory should aava reminaea
you, and jour c'andor should eq have ata
tedlthe fact, that afterwards I thanked you
for your oT efa wllingMss to aenre ana,
bvtdniined ell further apfUSSSSnSi
ton. wna Umr ."before voueeaAed to be
Secretary, and'aa 1 had believed you fin
oere in your' proposed tender ol service,
the matter had passed . from my: mind, and
I little eipected to have had it revived by
f ov through tha colurana of a newspaper,
was not roar friend for the sake, of office
aor have rny feelings undergone any chang
towirda "yoil in conaeqtienca of yottr loea
of it biit from the miserable cornplaiata
vou have made about It. and the open poli
you uapected to have : been inirtroroer
tal if depriving you; of it As I d not
desire to add to th bittemess of yr fce-
l.ipgt Jh : C0UCt the honor of I rfwapaner
corrpmM!BK-, l'" ",r r,r" B,r
(her iwtrutti'W or imrisnveul.
. 1 t
I Uaa lha holier to be, jv". '
Hon. Jwlia Cranclu .
Extract cf a Lrttrr lo the Alitor, tf tht
CkarUsto Mercury, dated
WASHINGTON, Til April, 19.
- Oor frierU, Warraa IL Dm, -has
iusl eowlud4 ' moat ibla and aloquent
. B)a BM . f .
fpeech agaiort tho rasioa nu, in
en4qoeoca of bis reluctanca to eegage
hi dttbata. anoat of the members were uot
Mr Davis on this occasion, itot I awn re
yau be cemnianded, lor several Imura, the'
uadevided Ucwlivq.. pf Jh, Ifouia and
aiioke with a -frce aud cuwel which bsvo
ahU dctatcr.-'Tbii-iwiieiow Bill ie not as
well uudeotood at the 8oiith a it ought
t ba, . It is a part and parcel of tha Amor,
ican system, and expressly intended to
absorb baiurplu refenue, which the
payment of the puUie debt will Ware in
tha Tresnury. The Teruf party are aware
that ihVduues muat te reduced to the rev
stsjwlard. and bv nmlliplVing Ihe amir
ca of expenditure, they are desirous of
rr..tin a Bnccasitv for bih duties, f n
all the schemes tUt ever have been devi
sed for thia purpose, this Pension Bill is
the most dangerous, bee aue it is bait cal
fulatad to accomplish ihe object. It pro
poses to give a peonl.ni of full psy for life
to even man who, during the whole of tha
rsvolutMiary war, served in aU,twojaare
either in the Army, or as ctata troops, o
lunteere. Militia, and in proportion far any
m Z. rSr). of-rvic uot let than ail months,
aeaa - charm to UividuaL No onecan
atmracture "the number : of peraoaa who
will eoma in for petitions UilJef luch "t WW
When in 1819,penaiona weta axirrwoo w
apartirolar description tf regular troops
of the continental Army, who stood in ood
mf Mkiuna- frMi thair eaanlrv dt aua
ihra were 13.000 ..applicants, of
whom upward! of 20, 000 eoeceeded.by
' .a 1 ' iL
aome meana et other, in gcwnginmn.
i.I,m nlaeed on the oetvaiona swelled lo up
wards of 13,00,000 per annum. v Now
when aU the Militia and Volunteer!, are
to ba added, who can say to what extent
the nnmher will be ewelled, and how many
million! nrust be annually appropriated?
On the former occasion the expenses was
estimated at leeelhan three hundred thon
sand dollars, and it amounted to more than
twomilliooa Now il u auraiueo mat it
(TH14 eaoaad half a million, and I confert I
think fre or six million wi be nearer Ihe
m.rt. and lf it ehouM fall abaM of Ihia,
those who served in the late war will, ere
lone.be added to the list, and tlie surplus
' a . . . mi l. .k.-.
revenue, whatever 11 may o win oc wr.
bed in oensiona for the present, you may
be assured that if this pension Bill does
pass and pass I fear it will no reduction
of the duties can be aflfeeted beyoad the
seven millions" which" Gay and Dickarsoo
proaose m Uka offlrom articles or luxury,
and the - burdena apoa tha fkuthwill ra.
awia unolmiaiahed. """"" - -
The ' JEFTERSONIAN Doctrineaof US.
Wa undenirjd that Mr. Elliot haa In
the press, on the eve of publication, a pam
phlct conUinin'g The Vircimau and lien
tuclry Resolntionsof With Madi
aona Report and the RasolutioiB of the
several Stale in relalj? threte, at large;
with other doeuniems and opinions, ia sup.
port of tbeJetleraonian-doctxinca of '83,
acenmpanied by a full Index. i,,,,,v
This valuahle and usoiul ponvcai com
' -ri- 4, ....
piUtiotl, furnishing fhcta and argnmenuii
that'everf American eitiran ahoold treas-
- a aa . ? Til
ure up for reference ana uiusiraiion, wui
we are told, be afforded to the public at
Ihe moderate rate of Fifteen dollar! per
hundred copies, whieft plaflea it within the
reach pi every realer. ,
From the JSeref.)
At the utmost the General overaroent
requires a revenue of thirteen milhona of
dollare. 'The populat'iori or lha" United
8Utea. arAOUtttS K thirteen million, who
under a rrstem ol equal taxation, would
each contribute one dollar to the aopport
of tho General Government. '
: If theTublie lands are given np to the
Western States, will they consent to lup
pty their qota by direct toialian!
If the Federal Revenue were to be col
lnrted by a direct4ax-.npon. each,citMn
which be eould feel, and measure, would
there be any Pean'oa Bill, luiernallm.
nrovtmenli, of misapplication of public
T iriva no the nublic lands will dimin-
ish the Federal Revenue three million! of
dollars at least annually. . The proposed
Pension List will cost tha country every
year seven millions 1 of expenditure.:Ufl(M)
Internal Imprc-remcnta the amount laid
out bafllee calculation.
s Tha Southern fitatea . have- no public
Lands to be aiven up to them they wiU
Pension List 4he blessinga , of IntermU
ImnroWinenl overflow to their doors-
& yet,the whole revenue of the-Genl.Gov.
ernment ia lobe derived from duties upon
the imports purchaaed by thexf induslry
In other words, tha Western States are to
be exonerated from air contribution by a
surrender of the Public Lands, and the
Manufacturinc Statee Hot only exempted
from taxes, but to receive the bounties of i
tha Tariff: and in addition these two aec-
liorw are deriv ;i:J:
and Impwementl axclustvely, while-the
Exporting, or Soothera Statee ajra to py1
an taxes r
I nni this n beautiful exemplification
f.W MSWia. fj.nnma?'. ' .
y,r. Il'ftrrfrr. !l lh" '.nle with M
llhfl id i '.whil i'.'. Utera;.f
rntAi'tuUna that lue t'in'UTon wasinr
work of the peopl ia ihe" arrele, and
not of the people by slates, he to !J
aawertioa ftal Irt his w! ! irpiinn nt. It
Ml.al the f :.nrf(1uiioo wai lifend
to curtail and cimtf..l tho sover ;nfy of
Ilia Btntea." ' '-Thia aduit.d that the
time .'.otlflie aoptj. of Ihe Constitution,
If so what but the aoveraiga ac'ow 'the
aint ermld Mtab'mh a mle hit common
rcatraint and control I II in tU I'aion
there was but one peoJe, there must bava
been but one sovereignty, 6x I here lore there
couTJ irt lni "Va"Wy"Erafd timmm
ties to be controlled., But limits ba trlU
us, were lo be imposed on the exercina of
the iovere'igii " wwcnt'if (w BftfcsT"wha
Uwa war-conf4nt tv4aipe them ?
Not lha pemile toTTrelggreiila liuf tle
ainrreni sovereign oiaiep j mo amass
they agreed to do so, each exercising for
iUelf its sovereign discretion in acceding
how could any restraint aava been Im
posed r Evening Poa,
. Tht Tarif Manorial. We find that
the correspomh-nt of a New York paper,
from whom we quoted a day or two ago,
was cerrect. The tariff memorial does
awert that the great danger in this coun
try is not from the power, of rules, but
frm the too great liberty of tha people (
v) e quote ihe passage
"Our great danger ia certainly from the
abuw, not of power, but of liberty 1 and il
should be the endeavor of lha real friends
af tht eountry, by a tiherul conttnetion of
the law and constitution, and a generous
confidence. In the motivei of those who ad-
mirrHer them, to facilitate the businese of
eaminiM ration, ana oiuuee a spirit 01 har
mony and union throughout the whole eon
axiiuuon ti lha BuiaJt
- Ia accordanca with tha above, tha mo
moria further speaks of incessant "strug
gles between the great elementary prin
ciples of Law and LU?rty."
Thir doctrtae. ofthecei eftihertfu
advanced in that part of the memorial
which is intended to meet the argument
of the free Trade party, who, believing
thai there is ao necessity or inherent op
position between lew and liberty, and that
Javenmenf, ao far as the property of in
ividuals ia affected, was instituted merely
to secure !hem w its free use and enjoy
meat, and not to mstreia them and man
agetheif property for them. deny ihe
right of government to regulate the indus
try or individuals, ihe rest of the rea
somngof the memorial, on this point,
strikes as as no len strangeIt aseertf
that the, regulation of individual ioduatry
is almost the exclusive object of all gov
ernment, because aU civil legislation and
jurisprudence ia employed entirely about
the economical cpneerna of individuals.
Did the memorialist " think that thia was
really meeting the objection f Surely
they were nivare of the diflcreoce bcUcea
securing to the JwdividuaJ the tenura af
iiroperty between fixing rule a to the
bra of its voluntary . purchase er transfer
ana forctng-htm to transfer, or precluding
him from a purchase T " Yet their memo
rial calls all tha laws . of property, regula
tiona of. individual iudustry, and virtually
ansomea that' the power to ensure the va
lidity ot a private contract ia eno and the
same with the power tocompol thecitieen
to make the contract taW
Tha Philanthropist! of the North ara at
Eaae'niriPWntngag'aaTt a Cnierokee
hief aamcd Ridge, wha ii travelling
amonrst them. . . Hia anisaion seems to be
b?tll'e.- purpose-' of nmktug-collections of.
tnoney ftotn tht' gefteroua people among
whom be is aojourning, in Order to carry
an the auit eflha Indiana, against the State
of Georgia, in the supreme Court Da
seems to bo regarded by the republicans in
that part.faflhaworldaa a.aort of foreign
prince. Public meetings are called at the
places through which he passes, to wLich
he makes speeches abusive of the Georgi
ans, and then begs the sympathy and mo
ney of tha audicpce. Of. the first article
be receives aa abundance, but not quite so
much af the Iatter7 '." T '" -
It will be remembered that these people
who affect ao deeply to compassionate the
Indiana" of Georgia, once had Indian in
their own ' territories. What did they do
with' them t What bat become of tha Mo
hawks, the Onedias and- hundred other
tribes 1 .... Exterminated . by these philan
thropists, who used to take them prisoners
and carry them to the West Indies and sell
them for slaves. Yrt
with vast indignation, that Georgia should
.Thus it is thai the people of the North
continue to practice their iinpuilent inter-
medJlini in the focal concerns of. the South
They seeih area to pretend ta A right to
do ao.ih . quesuon in tne present case
may ba thrown into a form ao simple St de
cisive that it cannot but satisfy even them.
The Cherokaes ara either an independ
ent people or ther are the : subpeta pr
Georgia. The people of tha North, affect
to consider them a foreign sovereign na
tion s ifaa,by what right do they couote.
nance and aid a foreign nation in hostility
to a aisrer State tr f 'rothet haadVif
these Indiana are subject .to Georgia, by
whatright do theyinterfbre between Geor
gia anu nejuaaojociax,..
- no THI CTIABlOtT JOtTRSit. ? '
This mine, situated half a mile SSW.
front tha town of Charlootte, is connected
with the earliest period of researches for
Sold ia Mecklenburg county. The precise
ate of tha first discoveries of the precious
metal thia t omTty iancaeeHratoly
knowjl 'wt"!:W3rnetita 'tomeurPin'rBa-
oiing about 1 $28, as the time of its de
velopment. . A gunsmith wbila-oo-tht
chase for doer : in the neighborhood of the
InCV now nDUffii vuuu np-u m
1 "in. T I lie
"thin ,!.... .
;" .-i I Z
pl.ee .aa wo,kJ inaZ
manner. notwiiLstaikln,. .A ""I''
min i :.: . 'Wrnaflia
Img fLia mum U,, m i T
actnal axperirnce, of th kindofill7,
earth tUwaa hkely ,, pro,t
0, day, as this n,awaa oakia wl!?
the mill, at present known aafii r 7i
Iweea tlie aunfereus surface e.f, d r
seen before and thai cf Rudlaill'. iilt, ."J
washed.. aba-of it anJ a'""?
Thia WM tha first gold Urt M jrwEK"
discovery, Dr. 8aml Hoo.!erso ,ij?
with a few hand, commenced erfcint
surface earth in thCrcekerrhis oper;, J? "
were sufficieolly carried on U TJIT.
during which period Ibeiversg.
turns were 3 dwta. per band. The wtfT
washed under his direction wu tha S
surface, includina- lha bark ..1
. m - wac ig rvaj flaw
Tbelnttrr.fora ahort distance, ba uJi
with . too much diir.r..n. ... ..... Tr
Una, whick led to a search in the Uift.
reral bdividuaU dug and washed t, td
-0- ,,rUi oi iu ndej iai
summit, and contiaued their work!
the property fell under execution and
disposed olata ShorilTa sale. Allhj
litnt aome of the Ufea a..t t. r. -
ed, by abserring that goU wu lo be fnanl
adherirr ttf tufta riT.'L-i. K.r rt : 1
outcrop. Tha natural conchuien was W
Wlowibf direction of the m.Vra! bys
mill and rude excavations, and thiseoot
mencemenl of mimng operatk.it, g.
tbe.anina lima, all further workuiki!
place for nearjy two years, ia eorisequcacA
ef Ihe right becoming contested. .
Io 1831, tha property waa finally tW
Torrad to lh present ewnera, and a leasi
grantod to Mr. da Rivihnoli fr .15 .
years. "During the first year the several
lodes within tlie boundary of lha land hare
been tried to a general depth of 40 fec
from the surface, and from what has been,
observed during thisyears course of mining
operations, we are induced to give the fo!
lowing sketch of Ihe nature of Iiese lodes,
in iddit ion to soma remarks concerning the
practical mining operations through which
the former knowledge has beea sUained.
- Thai Aftiuounwui !nnlwikl;tl '-
- - - - - 1 - - w. .iav mif
wbewn- tha building lof RudtsilTi mine "
are placed, (fnind to be 130 feet abvos the
level of sugar creek,) has obviously beea
preserved from ' Iba, levelling . iufhieoce
phere, by the .eompactnasa . of 9 lodes at
their outcrops, which accidentally coniisS
almost entirely of quartz and tillcioos tal,
jiai1nt. VVtiilo than lha miulut
and granite ia which they occur, became
force of raia, 8Mi thtSlw tninertls, vmprla
aiaal. liriMitKiia m'wA m , i" fV AnaT sVat aa .f tlial--
1 'f ihv va va am a W f aaav
lodes, prevented , thia influence by their
coaaialency of their property of being wa
ferJ productore,'. oerving the Coherence of
mediate inference to be drawn from tfail
whatever small water courses cross the di
rection of lodes .which an a . kiherr4
consist of quartz, (tp- eontaiaing fold.
lcAuw.tha ganguati aawpoaed.af jlatff
... .........,... . t r
aiono, or louuiy compreMea-.-ii
:fr aa TOtrrnnrBP-r-1-
s t w,
;Vf-,a... - '-' ti s.-aftJs-'T. 'w A. 'Wtaii ibr.'A, 1mI STiatsJaviTiJ.
Tit Three Kin-When Mademot-
aolle de Gournay arrived at Pari, sh de
sire4 to .aee ihe JIarquis . de Racn, aa
eminent wit and poet. Twoof hisfri-iW!
tha tima ho had appointed for hit'.
waiting on her ; and they resolved lo
revenged on him tor ; many , a rmicut.w;.
situation to which he had exposed them.
One of these Gintlemen,'about twohsurl
before the hme appoiirted, waited an th E
btdy and announced himsolf as Raeaa,
lie endeavored to talk t her owu
besides committing sort grosi blandei.
aba eould not but think the mcrquii a rrrf
polite genthmeairifevhad jnst pa
r. l.. -,tri ita Matvm'ia de Racan waa.
UUU, lit. I , WUtlU .IJW V v'.. (.
a,aw tiwa wwefe
supposed he had forgotten some pan.
I ' Ihl. MM PUW W J 1 r II T
lora man reiiinrsa ior -ui j, .
ncr aui u wm m .
(brent from the first-marquis, entojea f ,
apartment. She 'could not helpqferti ...
5n him reneatndlv if he was the real nar-
and InlbTmcdlitTrnjfwhjt bad just past
The pretended Racan appeared wry aw -hurt,
and declared that he would be reveng
ed of the insult thestranger had matuauy
offered them, but? the intercession ot in-
ladv aoftoned tne choleric man, "u " . :
infinitely pleased with ihe second man""
who exceeded the -'for in averyjree -:
Scarcoly had this second counterfeit uw.
ed.-when- the real aeaa-waa
This began toaxerciaa the fwlietK""
la GoumayTH Whatmore .JUey?.?
morning r aba exclaimed ai " -:.Lt
fci feihi he ntredticed.
As soon as be entered abe raised ber ytw
and demanded if he meant to uwult ? r
Racan, who at .the best was an
apeaker, remained eilent with asloni
ment. He mut'ored eomelhing! ;
Oourney, Who was naturally olni."i
aaakaita'fkld iSVksl ITlh A ! waa emit to lOrT"
on her, and and puiimg e
ivn n.m th ' and unfbrtBaaW
with th rage of an irritated; rirag"V
nenaa expecico n ". -
l", by l.f.il.
ar.mi'l ! :'i
ing to I
ami sfl r . .
at I. '1.
in his (1 .t.
which ha had purposedly iurned over tb
preceding evening, and though he did no
....ii- ..t:. ks. n7jnr of his ahilitier...
V-K,t'iJo.i,M -i)periedforHf lschrnio haiaucceedd, the honor of
? I' aayfytf ftw' 8epbkwW0w'M7' wUi pl abaJJ tare
, !SjriW - 1 va mt