i .. -i .
U eet'cUapr if.M l "1"
t irJ ad U bj lb Utor o !! north.
Mr. CWmtn.. twenty
Vara hen il ' b es-bj't of elih.
. - k.i.iMr kJ bmru Dftwrf to
nn i i - - -
V . ... Jif annosi'ion. a the MM I
urwf, W he yw
--edy-klHwdi"l eer f wri'
poVyWplytJltinfHh vital interest
Of lb cowntry u in iw
lh drawl (fit. Tor,adit
., end the whole fotecliag ) tm
kA tastiest & topple ,oU fu,n
- . If there were ne ewrn prooiKi in
. - UiiitlBttrte'oil, tobacco, or rke,
; ;Would M the jwtcief ty
' ' light batma- 'an' intpotetst momi
A,'. iMflt f human f.J1 1 II
" . r-1 rf the .States .btaiavfurcgja
wamifkcfra, W tW ba- -etbrng
T."-.'bmWith to f)(. or,. IhemtMlwll
' eouli be mors absurd end tuHd tne M
...,IM tha iwoortation of articlee which
muU not possibly be .imported,
fber wr to prohibition! . . . i
Ifthase View are not radically errene
ua, have pan t distinct view ef the
"ienl t)er1ie to thit corral. They
tut th (jnirt oaoufhetuftr tnd IM
aau MMuuctrf. ( tltrat ton
in tmJLd mIv la fumg jnrkeuj dui
tnanvfattwrtrt of ikt trtk.
' T D b purp of thi trifttment I
Am it truly t nmiiudiefufTf of cli.i tn
rratlra oU M th pdlhm from Vw-
iok.Mofta. who fi br mr It m
tne, I Jo out tnvwhclurt ,tam by lb
Mm procMt, but ll U otvt u!l.f m law.
docidedtf tbraptr,' and frtinly not
tm aoneat. t caltitaU tb wrth, and
"whfort iU "prWucti IatotnuIlJfUr, bf
tcbaiiffl. whila tha aotl-n from Mi
nckuMtta ftccaoplUhea tha atioa object
)hr turmaf tpiwDoa aad throwing ibottl.
' To only tncltrial AJeraaca betwwn
JoJ"I oparitiMii, isj'tfial mina wM
tsoot ta tba wtilk of tba oatiuo, praeily
fa tha a'agraa tKt I eia aell my tntimihe
tura cbaaptar tbaii ha can H hia. Rut
ha tuu bai tba art to parauida tha Got.
aamadt tfial thU circumfUnfO, which
ihiTif "mate Trt'l't fauirt prdwcar,i4
reaaoa why I ahnuld bo haitvily taied
Jxh" i Vlaw ta aiclodtJ my- chraptwhie'
Tmm fr tha markat. aad gia a frtHr.
tott TS hia. at ihiiUr Bricet.
J will now atatt bto eaA, by way of
. V.t" i. t l ... .
rracttcal uwnrauoo, waici um
knows ta b rcate4 to a popular aadi
enct without producifif tha moit parfttct
- COBrtCtrt.lhlt Ittlf p'rtir l"rf
epproawToaai oMiaqual - toioa' po tha
( ftoductiona of tba plantora, tmp-inl for
' tha purpoaa uf fiving bountiaa to tha man
Ofkcturera." . . . - ' 'ft.
UXU jiipbMaaC thalTMt frail:
ftian from MooMchuaotta, a fofWnun frmn
: Conueclicut, aud a goolleipan from RhoJ
had iaiad,4. aaauCicuriBgrcO'
pulntrihip In tha purpnM of making and
dinji ootton add woollan nunuEcturea.
Lot it be alao auppnaod that tha gnf lmanl4y(tenv '
from Virgima, bfr nt-(Mr. ArchoOj m A ha
taa gontlaman tronj ueorgia, m iv " ayw,;
4 myaalf, had formaJ t planting aojMrt-
tierahip tot thtparpn of ratriiig tflbacert,
Vice. & cottoa ; nd tbua in order to ova
.Tth aipenaa of numerool, eonftnwrcial . a
atrfat aw kai 2a(armted to ihip our ag-
tuMlmni Upiea t$-UrepooittoiurTuia
tturg ft auparcargo. to la eaxhaiigad
tartMttoa and wonllfn manufacture which
'Srara to ba brought iuto tba Uoitad-Stalaa,
lad auld (at tha bauefit of tha eo-partnr
If It Iball ba aawmed that tha plant.
T;-: tag company -wmitlr tend t? - Utstph1,
t. -.-ttAiM, tobtoco,aod rieoifo-tha amouot
i'i- fMjOM, and orart rtn1ttU ottos
ltd woollen feaaafactur, and that the
Lv--'i - JttajMjaeturiag company prodiwe aonuaJly I
aha aaina woantity and quality or cottoa a
irootlati iroatmfecrttiT. Potk.thaaa- eam
paaiti bring their reapacti r a good into the
Staike'to of Rkh , Cbarloftoo, and &
vanaak, with a view ta maka Mia of them.
They are, in etery aensa, comjwlitora in
the very tam markote for th? mIo of , the
very aama anrt of m4,uu(aclur8.
, 1 will Both dented thai tho planting
- aonipaiiy bavt ai eacred a title to theu
. fbanuGteturea, U , tha manufacturing corn
naiit caa possibly have ta tbnira. Nor
van it ba denied that the manufecturci of
' tha planting cofiinany are at' exclusively
tha rtoductiona .of uVraostic ioduotry as
ihoee of their rivala. There it not a tin
gle fibre in the whole mast thafla not the
foductioo'df A mericaa industry. Here,
thoiK are two Amefitao eompaniea, each
" khvini broditetroiil of the"ir"owrf "industry
, te" the amoont of $50,000, equally entitled
j to the protect ioe oft be Gore ramentand
equally liable to lie taxed for it tupport.
' Jiideed, if either could be considered aa
, Tntitled to favor, it. would be the gooAt of
;r"" t the planting . company. First, because
'- could -bo told' cheaper, and would
-thua add mora to tvwallh of the nation;
A - ajul. aeeMidlv. Iimium the nlaalinf com.
pany would be io their ewa peculiar mar-
, .' t Tet,how wouU theae twe eompaoiaa
"--"taj reepaetieely traateeVarheo they ahould
. rem to the eouthren custom housea with
- . their reactive production f
fcctorbie eoatpany WouM be, prrailt4 1
Das Into i the tnsrket of Tirginia, Boeth
Carolina, and Georgia, with rtettnortbert
Drodctiona, without anv Irenbla or ex.
-Oetise. latr-a kinJmw -'kiwv.' lint
toa planting company, tae gemieman
gia, ana tnyseir, woum be arretted ia tMtr
vegreu by the collector, ho would
v J. . ; forni tbe, I doubt not; with eeremonioea
;- eoorteyvf that they eewld not he jpermi
- . u;:'acdtdiijoy the very valuable privilege of
orWfiing tiieir own productioaa into their
we mavtrprmiege ;ot sruicft mejJwnti from tha treasury, tbatthia prop4r
were entirely indebted o tha natemaMo
slulgenc of thejPWinlTJovernment, w'uk-
iewt aying duty(l till suppoey of forty
er cent. ,
WiN tr' wcui J wunt f 9
nrn-!! turn f tr"'y tbnnl M
Urt. Al tbe ro! ff tiie iitif-fufing
coininny wwlJ hj'i p- d in ffe 4
til iu'y, the ril eomptiy l pitniert
wo.il,l Tf ry aaiuflly a- V tl ct(- of tine
odnue dirnmiiitiiH aid eariiruiarly,
why tW were quired to pay forty r
root, when M Ihia half that duty would
tapplr ta ample revenue to tho Onrera
evritf! fbeeulVctora would, no doubt,
frpiy, in tba tru tpiril H tbeir voratiue,
ar tiiMlaked. guiljr nv-rt, if yo
tuppoae thate bixb dutirt are teviod tipoa
yr .productiooa jncruly tut tha aake t4
revenue, Tbil i quite a aenylary jCe
tidmtien, .The great and patriot
ground upoe which they ire eved,t,
that it la ducp-d quite' wjuriout to -the
wealih aad proVperity of tbe free 9t itee of
inanulclurara, evea iayou owe morkptl.
with the panIucUooa H.your TiCuir.
try I and thMO dutiei are therefore bivK'd,
by a provident and paternal Oovf rninent,
for the rf ry pgrpoee . of excluding your
prwlectiona, wb'ieh Would be ruinously
cheap wit boat the dutim, iu order thai your
more rJf"C rirali may iocreate tbe lui
tional wealth, and 'pruvM fr the coetmoa
detunta by telliog (lie aanietort of good
atmwch hir nrirti!!" " V
Vurpttinr a roouTot, tbe indig
nant feeliiijrt wluch thitcliaracU)ritticcol-
quy.it calculated t-xcile, by the bare
imaginatioo of rt, I will command patience
to go threuglt with the illustration, aad
suppose tbat tlie eoinpaoy of planter tub
"" ' ..a a i jti a a
ant to the outrage, Dutu oi me law an th
eomeientary,and wy tbe twenty thousnud
dollar dpinanJod a a tribute what will
be the reaptctivo cmJitiont of the tw
coinpanina, wben tbev come with their
rtdpectire productions tnco the aoutbern
market? Their relative rendition may be
briefly at s tod. And Hark tbe result wbirh
jollowl with a matkmatkal certainty,
which no mgemiity caa etnle or deny.
Both WTrha comp4oi :th2 "g'xJs i
tk aame common sntrkets, will, a a mat
ter of course, olaiu the very same price
I them. It follow aa a c irollary, that
tbe plattfin company wii! raliK from the
productioo of tbeir hottest aad lawful in.
duetryv in their-ewn pwihat -raarkew,
Iweritr Ibouaand duller less thua the menu-
fatnrif fceflpay will retetv Cr-4be
same quantity of their ptoUuctionj of ihe
eame quaotilyj i Afid ttut uieqality, Sir,
i produced cicluairely by the unribt
eoua and oppressive interference of this
Coveraoient, claiming for this very out-
Irage upoa tbe principle of eternal lasttce,
trie sacrea mi oi s prwieciing aaa paier
aat Govenitnewt I Caa any man deny this?
Will anv mnn, a linittio;( it, dare t aland
up and justify or defend rt.
If, sir, I have been succvstful in provint
thai t he ini joftel" uaiiufiurtu res ' olrfalocii
io etchaoge Tur toe staple product khih of
tlie southern State, are the eicbisive pro
ductious of tho industry of tbew glut,
another obvious illustration present itself
to aiuoiaaia tue paipuuie injustice oi iius
wnpiwatd that" tbe peonta' of
the eeuth made these goods by the use
of macbiuery, III the same manner a they
are node at the north, would tar y have. a
title to thatn any more sacred than they
now -have ta the import acquired, by pur
cba" K Thi will ha rdTy b pretended.
Woatd they uut he a lawful i aubjnet
of taxatioo a our imports are now 1
VTonlJ ja not have precisely tha lame
right to contend that free mnnufcaturtng
labor, at a doUar a day, could not com
pete with slave labor at omi-fourth of tho
prie' asd, upon ihia gryund cjatm 9 pro
tec'ang and discriauiHiliiijj exciwe duty of
lota of dihereore la (lie two cam, ecot
ia the ?; prluciii tbe auutbera..
momifscture, and tbe name of the duty
levied upon it. -- - '..1"
How, then, would itadd the comparison?
A duty of 40 or CO per ceat. would be im
posed upon tha productions of tbe S, while
those of tha N. produced in the very wute
rDode,wouldbe absolutely exempted from all
duty. 1 Hit it to tbe candor of this eons'!.
whether, u tht were the form in which
tuee dmrlounaUog ; duties of protection
were kvied, there could be found a free,
man upon the fince of the earth who would
not cry out "cravens! dastards 1 base and
degenemlo tlafer to the people who
would patiently submit to such a system t
Sir, this cheme of artfully disguised
epprewioa would not have men born lor
two year, if it had been erigiually pre
sented without the disguise, by which it
true cnaracter lnd 6peraUona are conceal,
ed from it auflbring victtaia. ' r j
I there any error in thii mode 0 sta
ting the nature of this unjust and eppres
ive system ? Am 1 laboring under some
strange delusion 1 If I am, I sincerely
hep some gentleman vill be able to dis
enchant me. But. if I have anv reason
ioe faculties at ail, a diserimmatine eicise
duty, levied exclusively upon the imqu-
factufea of the south, exempting those of
im . Bona eaureiy-wouia, ta no aoiitary
rcasecV be mere injurious 'or oppressive
to-thft aouthero. ... prodiceji,jhwrihe,exia.
ting system of protecting dutic i to the
grosaineqtiality of this system haa buett
treqaemiy preaotited, Iik& carries, te
my miod, the fccce and clearness ef matb
deny the tnoostrotis aad revolting urequal
trior, aha mvat th, lailiipal .... . . .
directly and palpably raised by export du
hee on cotton tie the exclusive pro
ductiois of much Ws than ono fifth mh
Olihe -tederal populatmind it i a fact
uiewtestiWy verrned by the annuel stale.
tionofth revenue t raised bv oroteotinir
dutie tevjed:; upon the very manufactures
tofwrnch otir cotton and rice are exAttracturea. If they do, then the exporting
ged abroad-ci '; 4 ; i . inergnant Has VeMx''gttiItrf the amgtnV
j ftfre1Mfl fC Uii gwtsiftejltolly ef giving tie timers H VOsk
thsi an b -rX c'u'y', cf '.unity ttr4 up m
11, 0,4 rrrrtvH 'f ff'SS"'! tit,
is pi' ivlt r.j.ivl' nf. at it rcj tr J tbs
plwitrrs, h Mft n-jt duy K-vieu u-a ta
eoltoo and rire ,'1 WH ha al
our pereHrrd that Un cues' ton i con
clusively eot:ld by a proposition already
fncUMd and estaiiiiiiked i i'r, 11 iu inao
facture received for eoti'1 aad rice are
as truly the production of the planter an
the ion and nee iuelf, it it obviously
immaterial to fbem '.whether tbe dutia
are levied on the broductia of Jbt-ir ia-
dut7, whn tbey eatet ia the form ef
ration ana rice, or alter 1017 nave
transmuted, by eichanie. Into, maimUc
rurea.' J be case nas been oun siij, m
t wo tot ten phuit rt going to Liverpool to
xebsnee their eotmo tor encn manutae.
. i fi. a ..
turattaa at " sasnawn hi aiifnangn
t Fch4 tf eiampU'tehe an
adrrmnnr vrortS ten tKsaanrf, hrt one of
one of them give hit breid for fwr ftoU
sand dlar,lo aeeare the pajmeat of a
40 per card, eiport duty, at be gtrti out,
and tle other give hi bend for the aame
aioouut, t secure the payments a u
pi cent, iuiport duty, a heeome back.
Now, it is self evidont, that each will re
ceive the same quantity of msntdactur
10 Liverpool fet his cotton, each wiU hav
the same amount of dutie to pay to the
Government, and each will obtain the
same price for his inariuTacture in tlia
United Stale. -They eome oat precisely
ven, with the immaterial e.uption,that, if
fhevovaj,'" ronsumed two or three months
theevport duty biwd would, o' coure, fall
due that much earlier than the other. I
defy the ingenuity of man to mak out
any other diflereoVe ia the two oases, Jet
them be twisted and turned as they may.
Now, it certainly require no great fow.
ers of combination to porceiv, that what
would be true, in Ibis reiect, of the two
crtton planter with cargoes aerth twenty
thousand dollars, would be equally true
of all tbe cottor, planter of the I'tott, Hh
oroet worth thirty miliiotis. Bui il hsi
been said, by a very respectabl awthorit)
that this a rjrument cannot be true, bacausu
ihe cotton planter may aell ht cotton in
Europe, and conwime the preceeds tliere,
beuii4ag-A4kthta Uck-.m Jctanu ...Tbujj
readily admitted. 1 hve never aiiewa
any thua aajtbeurd . at that aa piport.dyj: i
ty, which i paid, it not a 1 greater .burthen
to the plantar than an Tanport'de'ty, whTcE
is not paid. My vrrv proposition aasumes
howaver wlut u tme in ptnt of fact, that
protected article arf imported in exchange
ror cotton, ani that protecting dutioi are
actuany paid upon them.' II yf dispute
tbe fact, I refer te the treasury sUU
meals; if you dispute the reference, I re
fer voa to the common arithmetic.
I sm aware, thtt, in answer to these.
Vie w; whieh-' 'toi tm ' tfvrt'th-mnmifftcti
ure imported in exchange for agrtrultural
staples are really the productions of tbe
planters, and that, consequently, an im
port dutyupon Hie one 5s equivalent to an
import duty on the other, it i frequently
rplid that this would be all very true,
knit otiite Iftdisoutablo. if the panter re
ally did, in point o( ficl, carry their sta
ples abroad, abd axchange thara for man
ufactures. But it is said, with .much sol
eian gravity a ilnt had any thing lodowitft
the, queation, tbat thi if iftot Jhe teal
course iif trade ? that the planters do not
export their cotton, tobacco, and rice to
tWeign markets, and obtain manuikctoret
exporting merchants, svho sell bills oft Eu
rope to the importing merchantt. who ptir
chase the manufactures with tlwse bills,
and sell theui to the retail merchants, wrho
purclia the maodacture vrrth. Ihese
MnViirtdnelftd'fne rttrif; wrthwtarwho
fluallv sell ihem to the consumer
Now. thi is a very fair siiecimen of
that sort of rigmarole by which a conju
ror puis (he spectators tff their guard,
whan he ia ahtmt to ehufllc his balls and
practice a deception on their senses. In
the name of all that ta rational, what dif
ference does it make, aa to tne matter in
discussion, whether tho plsnter are the
exporter of their own staples, and the
importer , of the manufactures received
tt tbcm, or whether theaa operation era
ferformed by the agency of other persons
f the import duties would throw a bur
then upon them, as producers, in the one
case, it must equally do so in the other.
rThefe is aurely no legerdemain in having
their exchanges effected by the interposi
tion 0! two or three aeperate sets of agents
by which the planter can conjure otf the
burthen which all admit they would have
Idfcafrif they had efiecTed fheiS Vxchan'-I
get themnelvea, . The tompletity wtmi
process, lik the juffa'ing of the conjurer
the shifting of the balls; may bewilder and
deceive the understanding of the planters
but they cannot possibly diminish their
Let this process te analyzed, and the
mystery swll vanishTt ia agreed, then,
that if , the. plantera. tnade their own ax
changee abroad, the mamifaeturet they
obtained . tor tbeir uaples would be their
own productions, and that an import duty
had been laid upon their cotton, tobacco,
v Now, watch close tne jjrrocese Iry wkieh
the exchanges are actually afiecied. and
see if you can discover, hew the- planters
get "refte ved from their Iwrthenst as pro
duceraln'The first step in, this eompUca-lBrefiY-iatft.f,t
lUf!eet1lor3ev)' jreached taeBbiM
fnpbn whidr therwhole eentreversy turn.
Examtne at so whether the planters obtain
anv mere money for their staples (ban thev
could have, realizod for tvtem by oendin?
them to Europe on their owa account, and
rnidtiD tha exchange thamselves, If they
da not it iecaaclunve proof that they evade
ne portion ot the burthen byseltuigberetbr
cast), in place of telling in Europe of man
mere for their ,M or,h'
t t - a., .11 . . .
aa iwpntstion 1 wihco ot ""y
mtm hint t b l.awie.--
Tbe twth i lht the exporting mer
chant cannot ami will Bet giv th plan
tort a fjrtbing more for their etsple than
th planter could blv themsclve made
out of lhri by going through lh whole
proreas of tba exchange. - In a woro, me
value of 4toai mi the faluo of the foreign
manulacrorea . M will purchase. J heso
are.trictly paaking, eiuivlnt valuct,
and coiivenitle termk I In whatever de.
ire, therefore, an import duty upon these
manufiicuire w1ll"dtmtnish lhetr-eachan-4
geaUe Value, in the etsple of eportatim
with wtiicfc they are, iu psnni tuci pur-
The controversy, then, disguise it as
you may, rasx-fvci itself into a, com'Uioo
between--tha rwtb'wn "-ptaoters o' Jte
northern raanufscturcr, for mipph iug the
market of the L mrd etatee wrtj) certain
descriptions of manufactures. An I T take
it to be the very clearest ot all prK.
tioti in political economy, that the pro.
'acting dutie wut, in thevev nnlnrrf
things inlfitt an injury upon the soutbera
planters at least equal to the wwnt tin y
eeufer upon the nortlo'rn iiianufacturers.
In truth the injury mllktuJ 111 the one
case, mut l greuler than the U'liotit con-
rerred trrthe other. - 1 he ry gemtnd
upon which Hi" prof-cling dutK-s are du
nan-M, i, tbat that the eottwi plunn rs ;
cn inirt and sell mnnufuclurs cbenir
than tlie domestic manufartur rscsn niske
and cU them- So fir, thcr. f.re, as thee
nutie oDerste a protection, they take ;
w iiiemrilovnieni of a in -re nrodiic
tive'clas, aivl give it to one tlint is ihe j
l-s proHurtive. If, with a protection of
lurtv pci ccui. tne nuinuutiurer tan j u-
ly make tbsir or lmsry profits, anil if tbe
planters can niauitnin 'be coniM'litiou
even under Ibis enormous ditcnuunatiug
duy, it is evident flint with mere revenue
duties of of 12 1 . per cent., tba planters
could sell at much lower price than the
manufacturers, and al tho some time real
ize much higher prutits.
It follows, tlmt the benefit which pro
tecting restrictions can confer upon lbs
domestic manufct(ircr mav le miKh less, lsr in boiug, flrst, 'hut the employment
i . m 1 : :t :L,xtrr--r-r-i.-..-t i- Di..nr.t-xr.ftx'ur -
but cannot powibly be greater thau the
injury inflicted on their
rivals, tbe south
era pfaiilers. heu
I "advanced" these
opittioiH v.n"lhi flJorriiore tluiti fwb years
ago, they were supposed by many to in
volve a novel and visionary theory, which
bad not been put firth by any book of au
thority. Out it is a curiuua fuct, tendieg
to ilwtrte tbecotfttKratieau develop
ment of these views in thi country and
in Englsnd, that almost at the very lime
thev were first publicly anvancert here,
tbey were published there by two authors, j
wn-r may -be- justly regarded omamenrs
to this branch ot political philosophy.
Professor Senior, of Oxford, in a course .!
h'Cturts on politic.il economy, published
tn f&W, .distinctly lays it down, " that it
is impossible to encourage the industry of
one class of protlucurs, by moons of com
mercial restriction without discouraging.
to an equal degree, "the exertions (if"ith-r
Thai every prohibition of imp irtnltons
is a prohibition of ZJJfPOl? 'f.l 77 fV.V
I hftt ovcrv restriction on uw iu.prrtaioti
of French silks is a reetrictmn on tbe n-1
nortuiion of those .articles with which
those mlks would
liave been purrhiwd.
Thai if it beneiit .the tniHrh silk
facfuferj it mjur?: to at least mi rqual
aTnount, in the whole, though (he injury
is loss perceptible, becHtie ntore widely
ditTused, the cotton siiinticr, Hi- cutler, or
the clulier. Again : " A restriction or
probibkiou of tlie imiortlin vf Any T-r-
perxans vho'vitia-htr? prwtitrtrt the f,
plinh commcxlity vith which the cm Mc4 !
frtt comrnodttfj vattln ktire errs 7r
who are forced to pure base the dearer or
inferior English commodity.'
1 will now quote a few pnssat-s from
nn anlCie mine r?iininsirr niviuw lor 1
t -i tl-... : n..: j- ,
1830 ; an article in which the doctrines I (
am maintaining are illustrated by a com
bination of wit and philosophy very rarely
Uprte.cL.jn Hke u djlscussjon of .o a,bstruse a
"Glove mav be had, it shll be rappo-
sed, froma Princh mtiker, for the value
of two bhilling a pair. An Englishman
stand up, and says that he can make
olovea of the same kind for three hillinr
and. therefore, for the encouragement of
English commerce, it is expedient to pass
a law to prohibit fhemtroducUon Tof french 1
glove at two shillings, in order Unit those
who chose to vrear glovea -may he ebliged
fo take them from the Englishman at
three." "When you buy a pair of french
gloves, it is clear they era paid for in
something.'!1 They are paid for, to the
Frenchman, it may be, in Sheffield goods.
But if the glove maker procures a. la w
that troves shall- not be- brought from
France. It is plainthat biieiiield goods
must stop. 'The; glove maker may gain
employment, and trade, to the amount of
two Shilling, our u I tquatiy ptainfnai
that the She ffield nan mutt lose it.' "The
whole amount to a plan for robbing ahef j
fieu man or a isirmiognam, wnoenn rnase
, - 'frt
what people - will voluntarily buy, for the
benefit of the Hover who cannot :-4or clip-
nfrw the coinmerce of some individual who
J.?.: - , 't -1-J11V
Has ingenuity ana sum. enougu in com-
Stinatlu "" iht the orinctpl in.
jury; predweed by restrictive law, is to
those domestic producers " wno, would
. " -i a ' "f.
have produced thettngiisn commoquy
wUhrWwch the foreign, coromodity would
4V been arihasa' hile ; the Injury
to se censueaer is comparatively small.
I will now read a thart extract,, which
tdmirably ridiculea that hew ddenng cim.
fusion of idea Which induce many to be
lieve that thcMis eeme mngic in a foreign
!, I an
Jul) tit r -trie I"'. .
11 a suviiig It l ib made Vf tha inlro
duction ofie" roaches, no eiP .rtu.if
poaldoe can be inJ by th eValere in
herset, because tbe public are uf!i:infly
inrurineJ to kuow tUt all lUy Cipen-I
leat in coach hire, will to aiph4 umhi
Mtnething else instead' and, tliwrefor,
the lose cf bustMM to hone dealer W ill
be balanced by te inca' of busim-ts, of
exactly the aame amouut, to t'.OM'Uxly
and aomewhre, tod they (the public) will
gain the diff-renc besides. Tbybvea
perfnet eumprthetisieflfc.Miat, jo p't dowq
ttratn eoache br. act of Parliament,
would only be enacting (hat qmintity.of
employnieiit and proht UoelI be taaeo
from certain dialer, for the asks giving
to horjn-rUqler tb eanio buajrtilyaVeav
,p!o)juienaikl prjufita f p'4 wor, wiik'
further a)dili) of the Us to. ibe Ciech.
ruling , public, of tlie "tshiJa iriftrtuca'-ofj
cotcb-hir besides. I hey eee, disf joctly,
that to propoee etich a thing would be a
great en absurdity VnJ injustioe aa to pre
pes to Hsnact that n carrier 1iouM not
grrase hie wheel fer th sake of causing
a greater quantity f boras flush U be
cliargM to hut customer. They area
ware that iucIi a piece of legislative dull
ties a this, would amount to setting up
tho principle thai it was for th interest of
every body tbat every thing abiaild be
"one in the moat bungling ami rtjanrtaboul
wy possibl ; and thai any pretence to
mcreaso national wraith by uch procos.
. mut be bwlery, or worse. All thi
tbev know, so long as lume of the parties
proiMite to operate by the mlervenlion of
an exchange abroaJ. But let a iiiglex.
change intervene, and the question is loo
muf b P'r fliein. tbe machine iu which
men are to ride for two shillings instead
of three, can ouly be bought with Sheffield
Cullery from France, they are utterly un
sble to e tliat lb uutional profit of
tcam-iidii)g..tko ultimate .advantage of
production of the cktap machine, instead
of an Enjfbub horse dealr to supply the
(tear one. is the aame a ever. In tin
case, tbey are r-ady to join Ihe burse ()'
niiv ur luaeu iroin niwuiciu cuimra, k-
coiidlv, that 11 msy be taken from llm per-1
ixiiis employed in the expenditure ollii two
billings of which It is proposed to mh the
eoach-ridmg public ; and thirdly, thtt they
the public, may be robbed of shilling in
their coach-riding, without any advantage,
in Ihe aggregate, to any body, Ther can
see that it would be absurd to put down the
omntimt upon the ground .tha' men ride
cheaper in it ; but they cannot see that If
the omnibus could only be got from r ranee
iu eichaog for 8hotfield goods, the case
would be- unaltered,- Was it rwluly said,
that John Bull ia a man of one idea or al
most of two? And I ther any reason
why he should encourage himself in being
a fool for the benefit of I bos who pel him
n the back that thev may pick his pock
Tl :tl ..mIwm mi, 4V.I
lius, jril, win f-Jy"-!., 'I
front regarding the consumer a tho only
ULrsotia affected bv restrictive lawt, the
very din trmo (or which I am couUnding
cwtriv ana amuiciiy iinrnwa. 11
only nocessary to uttefifut aouthern cot
Tton far Shcrfield cutlcrv, and northern
munnfactures for Englishhorso dealers,
and the argnrnent tt' the author bocoiucs
ideuticui with mv own.
Notbinff even isi trW" mathematical
sciern o, is more certain than that legisla
tioircaii exercise no creative' power in the
way of producing wealth, no legislator
hns yet discovCrnd the philosopher's rtone,
iterred tv the - contitolioo.tuw' srorri
patient Idbor these are the only agent
'miner Trovioence, by wtucn warth cn
world cannot add a blade of grass or
graTn of wheat to tlie national wealth, ex-
'rent, bv securing every owe in tha enjoy-
... ... ...j .1 l. :
1) "nt ot his property, aim .inanioy uinii
laiing his exerliona. But though leg'wla
tion is impotent to create Wealth, it is om
nimpotent to transfer it. While, therefore,
it- is tho. fucblosl of all producara, il ia the
most powerful of all plunderer. And
whenever restriction or taxes" confer
wealth and prosperity upon one portion of
the Union, it necessarily follows than an
equal or greater amount t wealth and
prosperity must be taken t orn some other
portion. " .
What have we been told by the advo
cate of the protecting svstem on this floor
and eisewnere i ny turn n w itproi,
or materially reduce the protecting duties
vou sweep, with -the besom of destruction,
the entiredace of the manufacturing States,
and leave thai whole region' a scene of
desolation. Sir. is this so? Is it true
that the rtJuctUnt of iht burthsm nf tax
ation will lesoWe a portion of jha Sutc$
tending, and bow plainly doe ;il d t the
seal of condemnation noon that system
plunder against which I am ow raising my
voice? What, air! The reduction of the
ever beard before 7 How wiU 4hi aVsola.
tion h nroduced 1 It is utterly impost
bterneinier, rr .:.oar--wBwinwy-
that the repeal or the' reduction o taxes
uniesstt be true thjiif they 1 are'arawn from
(hi ihutrrrwamirther tertfand trans--
fcrred by lsgtalative injustice to the favor-
ed recion of nroteetiofc. "While, there
fore, gentlemen are eloquently prefiguring
their own desolation, which - ia to result
from restorine ia tar fionstiluenta only
part of their long lost righta, thev do no
thing more than draw a picture of the de
olaUon which the protecting system hai
already produced throughout the aouthern
Atlantic States. v
" I; therefore, nolemnly invoke yoit.'by
pr'nhicrTfOfn tiie l irtl.euVf prot
ufthis confederacy 7". Uil W Jaof WT MK. yanT.BurenXprPli!"
qucutly, how jrrotaWy, doe it demon- j fev.of the members naight have olssenleCfJ
stratethe propeeition for which I am eon. from its real obiocti. : By what process.
F r ..
lHI, Slid t.y I
t'e, nt t l iijiit ! I
vl''in 14 injn- tire ani v. ; t -.
Sir, I rntt it li the rmi.f, tb"
it !' hot
.." r t
n. th pru.k nc ef g'-me,n..ti( j
uif lor Ibcirt Io pi.ijie in lu ir
'hq qutstion pre ut iiw.lfju a pra.tii
wy, wbit lj tbelull t inu-f coiiijprlirij.
iu no one. who it not voluntarily Hum..
cln fail to perceive that the outlif rn ?taiea
are aiukmg under awr'bt tf i'ppretiota
that no free peopht on tank Li rr sq '
qrexl SO long, i m , i , ; . ' t
i': I- ri, f
J he injury to tlie South, by the rertina J
tm' a oftli tiwcu syBlsin, cmmut be !
ts than the uauia;;a lnt.h- v. ill be- pro.
duced to the Manufacturing tulcrinN ot lbs ' 1 j
north by the - repeal Of that tn-stem. Or, " 1
to-atatejhe proposition in a itiUn nt Lroa , 't 1
the beiHtfU-whkli live oenberd tnsnursc.
tur derlVt) froJiftyinglUcLJutiesuJ H j
restriction Impoted upw the produiiiJLa; r
pd tcnaiige ol the southern plantar i-
caonot possibly ba greler than the beoe.
fit which theplanfera would derive frox
the repeal of those duties and restriction,. 1
ow, the Nuetifwhicli tbe manufaclurera ' '
receive from thtaj system may be meaaur.4 . '
ed by the damage they will sustain by tb ' . f
repeal of ill and if we ire to place any 1 v
reliance on (heir sUtemepfs, tbey will W ,
great and overwhelming, then, would, be .
Ihe till of prosperity which would flow ifj , '
and enrich Ihe southern planters, .if tha . .'
harrisrs which impede their Inftrcourse, .
with tbsir natural market were removed .
and their unalienable righta Io llie freeu
of Ihe product of their iuu'ustry were r V
stored te mem. , ..
I To It C.linutA .
v , . vr ,
or THE . ..
ACKSO.t At BAttFlOrR Cosviiryiftty
Totht Citium of North Cdrrii.
A Convention of Delerate. denutsd bTi
a number of counties to nominate Doctor ,
and concert other measuraa in reLttui t ,
the appttchiog election of Pretidenl ini.
V ice 1 rewdsnt of lb toiled States, nag j
mot at Raleigh, and discharged the. "dutf
la. whichj.waifiUed..lD.sul! itting. taii-
vou the rssult, we auk leave to add a few ' , .
x plana lory .reaiarka. . W havo sgread.
to nominate fn fremdent, the present oc't
cupant of that office, the - venerablr-AN '
DREW JACKSON, and for Vioe Fretl-.
deNtriULIP P. llABBOlR, ofVirgifK-v
: J . t'l . .l -tt '
IB , aou a uturi 01 ciecxors wno WII wuyj::
port thsas nominatisnt will thortly be prt
seutcd to you. t . . ,'-
In regard te Andrew ackson, It ii ftv
nccwary to Kay any thing. He haa aires,
dy been our President for more than three..' '.
year, and whatever difibrenc of opinion
there maybe hi ld'sobftlie'-'iaore71
of his administration, none oi ut can forget ;
the eminent aorvice he haa rendered te ,.
bis country, and all ol us confide in the in7 -tognty
of bio charcter, the purity of Ut '
motives, and hit patriotic devotion to tha .
commonweal. At the crisis which i
now impending, it is peculiarly important-.
tbat he should be at ihe bead ot tbe gov ; v
eminent, aad although not entirely iJeiiti. , '
find with tin feelings and outinentt f
the great, body of Southern people, he ..
coiucidM with thorn more nearly than ana
othorindividual we couM now select.' We t s
lake great pleasure, therefore,' in receaV?-
menuuig mm lowuai we are connoeni njr
will reemve, your unanimeu support-riW
We should be bighly graUflsd if we-JT
could persuade ourselves that the "same .".
unanimity would exist among the support
ers of General Jacksour in tbe election of y
a V'ice Presidcqt.' This we know to b -
irrcconciieaoio in iucir iimuiv, mciwui
they are diilbronces upon soma of thF f3nv2-J
damental principles of our governrowit;"'-
have manifested themselves in a nianncK' "
not to be mistaken. Wo had reas.m te '.
expect this diversity in those State which t
hold political doctrine dinsctly .adverse- ,v
to our, out we did not expect, ana we .
fc Mculiar mortification at porceiving .
atuaspt making iu oor own eemovuoUy,. . '
where we bad an identity ot inleroat, aaa
hftpd 16 find in identity "of feeling, to iow
dissentioruj among u upon a questiod vitalrjj
lv afltcting a treat principle oi civil liber 7-7
ty, of constitutional law, and of true oevo 4-,
toin ta the U mon. It t known to you inav ,
five gentlemen, professing ttf represent Ihd.v
wishe of North Carolina, have lately j
a Convention of Mr."Van Buren friebdJ"
at Baltimore, jindertaken ' to pledge ftf-"
vote of thi? State f r MartW.Yau , Rurcn, .
of New York, aa Vice President-for Ma 1, ,
tin Van Burett; one of ihe authortof the
tatifflaw of 1 628. We say a fjont enlioa
of Mr. Van Bureo'e frieoda, Jjeai"n T
ane at all acquainted with the movement!
of party, of at all possetaed ef political --'.
gncity, ew doit)t mat tne vonveniron ,
eonatituted for the purpose of promoting Jj-
fivr -persona, represtnting , aa any 0.
tricti in this state, couu tnuitipiy nw.-'
selves into fifteen, and therebyi even If . ;
I thev truly renresent'ad the district vdm
for ,tho9a wilt which VT!$h
lion, we shall ot atop to inquire. p
vatWaiij H thrlillghgT;
to impugn the patriotism ot tneir tnau
iljje. due to :jb jsjspect. entertained fT,
tbmto' Mvrtwme of lltaaoi'itWX
nomination they assumed to mane m w
name of iNortb Carolina.
It hat been said that the metaAers tMa
this State -in the , Boltimoiw 3on ventioa ; v
mefit4 were opposed to the Tariff Systeffl.
and that finding lit Van Burerf bad J f
rnajorityrthey reluctantly folded tbeiP.f
preference to the adtfocatee of the Tarvaj
and that a porsoyerance in the support ;
1 Sk vi