North Carolina Newspapers

    , .-. ' J , , -" ,,,.....,, J t fi .' ...... -
. ' ;r i -77-
evaded with little remorse1.
" Dr. Chaining,
XHi-.fV
j I
-
1
5.
t
f
,5
iffgid mitUiirhree monlhtf or two
i airvr o oriy the Editor of a trtsJ
to (infi. o W'W 4 "re tht vir&
cnWrt to the CcrpHnian, ihaU lace a
nthwfprrifrati - -'
' "11 rtfiwi' a&lreixd to the Editor mti$t
b porfpttiJ or tluf will ndtbe attended
h.
tft- These terms will ha strictly adher-
4ta
CONGRESS.
IN silNATE.
it ui la.
lmsBge wu rwcnivcd from ttie Pra
Juttftlw Ugited Statea, by A. J. Uo
Qtntlewx of SeneUct"
- W Ior of Meprtmlatlttix
In my amiutit Uiuwo'j;e, b the com-Itt-venient
of your present auwion, 1 ad
wrteif lo tli i oppdwtion "--"to the rwentm
hot io a jiaiticular quarter of the Uoiied
, fllAfe rft Ijai ejt V ti ot 1 nf'ty Jo
their efecution but to etidtiiigrr
thf liiiejjriiy ottTje Utilmu And, although
1 ttien vipreHHed my rliunce tlwt it luiglit
fc overroa.H bv the prudunceol the olfa
k of l!i United States, viid Hie patriot
iiuut ihc K)ole, I ktated, that sluwM
tiy eiiM'ruey arise, rouduriti tho xu
aboil of the eiistiDg law impractical)!,
frai uiy cauae whatever, prompt notice
liwld he gimrto Congrea, with th au
jtMioo ot aucyiewa and nicufeurea tu
Hrlit be necessary to nwel it.
Event which Lave occurred in the quar
ttrlhero alluded to, or which havecoim
l my koowlode subaequcuitly, pirent
6 emergency! ;'
tTux-e )h dale, of tny loat annual me
I have had ofikutly treatni.Ued t
cc by the Governor of South Cariiliiw,
vhich I bow comuiunirate to Conffreae. a
Cnprifthe erdtitetre unmad it tL' oa-
WMtuO, waicb jmuiuUc4 at MJWibta in
C'roL'oa, Tii NovomLer last, dock r
mi eortairir act of Cen?reii tlierein mea"
Aoned, -witbia Ute luwuof Uiai-Staie to
U!iiuttly null and void ; and inaking it
Ike duty of the LoiiJature to past aucli
lawa u would be Doccary to carry the
Afi W&ct (rwa 4um1 ailar the let
Fhruary uexU
JTU cumaxiuence to which lbia extra-
ardimiry-ilt;riaieeof the Hurt authority of
were clxarly ftreeoeu, aud it wu iuipti
Ue in id to hesitate aa to uy own duty
k Mch an eaaeriwic tmnystwi. -K
Tii ofiinauce bad boflii pawxl,' how
em, with, ut any certaio kuortledy of the
rem-iTK ,h;i!iou, wuicb. fr.mi a view of
Cm Tut the natroii at larjiC h
eierattve hid determrrd to aubrnt to
C(r,'tn( hope wee io.!uld that,
ay fraiikly aipliUiaoff hit sontinmata, ana
w ruiure ot thote 0u(ie wtiirn toe man
Would deviate unnn him. the authurrtiM nil
e r- .7. j .
win uuttiina mif ni oe inoureo ie retrace
(heir tt-tm. In this hone, I dinnind lo
lean my ima-laruatioo uf the llh of Dr-
ejsa.iyr lat, a cipy f which I new iay
I fVgret to inform you that 'these res
ebh) eipcctatintui hfvn wt been real
ia and that the wveral acts ..f the Le
Idature of South" Carolirav which I iww
tf Utm you, tM whK h JutvJ ll and
araol Iwm. fiimllv naad. altera ki..
dw ol tlie (Wire of the sJihnutrti.m
f lify the laws Complained , tlr are' m
f'H jbdculatdij biHh, iu Ui;r jpfwiti W
Ortninu and in the npiril of ujipiMVn
ekxhthry ehriuuely encourage, w Hi Jly
cUuuct the e.Ikction if lbs rercuue
hin tht- tiniiis of the Statr.
rjitn tH.Nt-r.wt M.iih.tU t.itOj b inr6T4f rfrhstWate, uu rt
arndAiM iif the Lxrcutive ia rerard t
1 euj fhiancKil policy mA iinpM syatem,
the dipositioa niatiifcsted-by Vrmzv
, proriipily to act upon taat subject, not (he
lniiivucaleirpresBion uf t) puhlk 'wiU
X all parts of th l oion, appear to twve
nx'tjred any relntati adotitd by Ih
wao.t4mwa CeeoUuaeuja then aujt
r1i lo hope that tha ordiuanca and law
''i br abamlwwl. f.? . ,
T7 1 Ua j kaoe UJffeT ikaL aaaiieuet
,lWo nude, or that it ia in eontempla.
Um, ta reMwmhle tithrr tha Convention
W the LetiaUture, and it will bd perreitfd
tbat rh intml SrCfe U fir o( Fcbra-j
71 toe short to admit id" the fm ltii,ina
ry ste rnoeeaiy .for that purpfev Jt
, Pprar, enoreovejr, that the inte auroai.
wea.ra aiitivalvoririrnixine lljeirmHifirf
in;ra,ao4.priwidin5tte sneeji' tl i&Mtb-CaHmaVaVi sdbcers wnd ouaeae ;
PtiJ tha tnoal uAeum aaTrafteef per. I and all pr-'ieiare, rmtrarU. aa4 M-piy-m
tectin and iwprt to aO who (he!l enlist! rnade.t eMrrwd njtn, vnia pww e ea
oppoui.ia to lh reeemie law.
'A rccetrt prexUrriatiiHi of Ihe ardent
yoveroor of Sivuth Carolina ha '-..ponlf
f MOteauthorily of the', Ttwa rva tf
vawtuop. atJ rawai ejdeta Cxm ria
head qua ijrf rf the Sti nafufteJ Ji
w t-rBnnuti to ccrit the hvxs til
V"luuteer, aod Vw te&i that AT4 tfcrir
fiwutry need t1iir tfcy r iB ie
F'lUnd at the post U b.mr aod duty, itt
are directed Ut Jk14 Jhea3irf5t'i rr-
line4 to iUa finld mt a iwnit-siCa wmt-
ithia a crdlnrtina dtstrirt and a pt of
try , a rendezv'Va has bra opfned f tW
purpose of iluitioj f4 the emj?
ami niuiiiciMl guard. Thu SoutV Care
linn preMoutaiieritelf in the attitwoe 4" kra
tiln pr-parutKn, and rutdy tvrm tor, tta!i
turv VM.Ietice, if needs b , towiferre be
taw'ttlprevciittoj tteoJliT7 ttlc
du(i) wiiiiio her limit,. ..
Pniceediugs thus aououoced mod aea
tured, luuat be distinifuiiihed irow meuam
of unlawful renistiitoe ty ixrejular hu&t
cf people, who, actW! wider tMnawjr
dtiiuiiM), may be 'mdrained by rr&or
iiud the. infliMHK-e f public omihub, fro
the coaimisaiou of ax ual outrage, la Uif
prt-ent iuktunce, jik11'4 re
ardod as rommiHed wbeu it is 2Bf
ttUtiuirizRd, and the tatsaua f cnijrri it
fullv nr-viilVd.
-Winter -hese ertcwfoirtaaeoa, -Jrf aw
be-m- UoutA t W it k mtrjitiim-q. Jtic.
aothoritios t t South Caroliua tTy to car
ry into fhVl lUr o? dins i ice end Hw af
ter the" firet of Fidjroary. It dam&ti
bocomea ray duty t.. bruig the sBljert to
the eriMU cuoaideratioa a Ceojiiwev ie
order thut such mtaure a tiieji, ia tWsr
wisd.mi, ay d.tem ait, ahall be eeaoM
prvW aod tW U mty let lkweif jit,.,
iltTstood. that,. white the G.vtnKa u
flisrmeod i remove all jut cau cb
plaihf ." Dl 1st ns may far rrartioaMe- --
isu m: .uh a .pr.oT.t ."',y
ihi! of th couirouuity s". Urye, it
nitventkies owt-rioiueo inat i""
of the Us shall be utaiutaiuML
In making thm coniinuuiratiui, it
(leara to ine to on propyl oi u
should1 fiiV-trfnre'-i nil the" 'saiJ'Sew
eeel- f i!aMti rnroliua, tAl Ant I
liiilii also t'ul'v artjuainl yeo en mt
t-t -irii mhii'hl have alrcadv caused to I
liiki u for tlif do- C'4W u catl meat
and with mv v" a tUe mti rental
lv, that ih u.iictwsjs which fiemsH
tuUow rvquires esete wake, a
tour future VjtalaUOB, Bay be faore aa
c'nrsi'Xid. -
anxious attcBiiowaa" ia Cxecwu, ae mmm
as it wae probable tbet-the esaduratf1
SouUt- iTarolma araoiMly-Jit t
tboe to the faithful eiecuuoei "ef ii rW
ertue Law, rr wai doojd aiviMiUe titat
the SocreUrv of the Treasury iluuU r
tubularly UMtrurt the oflk-ersttoc Uiuitd,
Biatee in thai part ti the Dsrioo, i U t
uature oT(ha duUoU preaenbeti by ttwn
istio lava.
Intructt-ui were. sccordjntH twat
oalhe th of Noveoiber U tW CUluUori
in tfut Slirts poiutMi euttUKeaciai4
duties, and -niuiitiu lipoa each a Sne an!
vigUaut, but discreet pfifsimnee i( m
la tbeeurrswicy Uiesj appw.ufflrv.;
I hemwith traumi.it roaes f thsW
structious, aod of the letter aoctral to
lt-IluauaJLtloaa;j..reucsii'js re
(.peratmn. Theee uistrwtiie ee sW-
tatod in the b'lje th s w Keyoatom a
I'm, Ua bv the anomalaws uructtdms el
nnl'ificatinB. as tetweiK.otd 14 be d" a
' '
rtae - rt
inf to the ftrsns 4 ta
mid without rt Trior, in aov
f ree tW VHnee, 'he ansr 4 m mi
voratea Wtiuld be Uk-e ie c iWea wh
u,-h pn-desiii ; and, io sura Mtptf
the ineaiin aB-uxi ne ttiset u
aild have brew edeqmle te
einfiiwcy likely to arise.
Ii was, however, we aunthle aJtorrter
t., Miirr at'iwrt oeiwioe el lv- ese m te
which the earttemetit pAn im Art
qurtrr might Hid; txil it rertaudy w
rxii frseea that the eWitated waistrwc
tka li the lsw wnold m efetdy asv
Maw -He ftmJ- haraftcr...
tt.bKHf!ntij to the dite sf tWoe sa
stmeliins however, the ordiaere,dtkjr
ronveiuioa wa rewipd, which, if een.W
P.'tiur IHI''U weistsSHM ass
a
revenue hwe wjihin bet huita. .
-That ordwaeee aWleree ad
that the n verel wrtewnw peru acta'al
ins ye be law tr the mpmf feiu
and imp-seii the imp"rtai.ei Wr
l&iUidW!')
hi, awl wow aavute
m4 i tfTt itho t;e raaei Sw,'ed
Iimxo e.wTkllv " An art ia alesti sfi
ih' several acts"uepf duir eaiif -ca
aiHvrwvedoo the ltHhof Ms, 12 a-4
. l. .i.i'.tln ta mrt Si aterr aJ
iewmd the several acts iwipiwiaf ehwew ea
irirjwrta," aejwwH a the I tih Jury. I S
,ere b&aulborizrl fay ibeCoestiWeei'f
j TuHfd fitsfc-a, awd eeJate taWtrwrwJeat
Utxl lawinini there-d; mad are aaJ aad -J
Uitiaares) the Kate U
1 CUr. Sf r ir.prf V tbe u ect.
'and aR ri4r'
jL) hftSt Wat i toVj-e-.'" a -
n.laha.! V 4 :-'f M -4"
Vlla'ertrit'alattUi MK
ltiU Ws-Uei
wbrtier f tV SteH' ktla- CarIiia er
fa rwIWdl aStaeifla eef'StV te-" w
tantrf 'afieeavii I th smt rt.
wfeJai iW uf the- State Tct rht ii
w h asters Jtrf- ftKaa-ijicta a.auy
tc twtaKarvJte cn- JUi eS-et kt tW eet
aJ avet(WDeiri ol" the eatd acta
asl fawta af tsta ef I5 im
VmJtii Stoats. wuJin the teiits at the
Sti Sfesaar afire ta IrfefFebrtmrv
amt ; aas) it (aJ be, the eta f alt other
ctssHtjMtce) ass Wtf isjsv sibt af aS other eer
a mia ea leeta withai the bittit t ef
LJlMtfH aawfanaby wain's J
ea Q&rv awf rrve esS-ct tothi
.-it-e, ami. math aod awaiwfee 4 .
te. IVwftrtitre c ai be panieed adp
lniweiW4wtiweret.Tb7 .
It anrlr f&.il,1n ancaxe of
law - efr.JertS-4 ia rfc crts uf f he
wteseia aeJl be drawn ia jiBemt)
'MaMW of dL 'rduMiire. f thevali
&sy it mrtt act e art ef the LegnfMortt
as was; be trw-J teethe wip.5ae nf iviejr
eSrt Ufeenmf e i'm aahin of the jC rt.
Kail Js Caaa.reae eom mg Jutiee, shaU
am afytal Ie W .e Lrr re the
fewaran.r tV'--raW'fe7
AaJ ajixjwtaeaatl.afctf
f aSttntil t'f .pHrpoee, awt the eetil
er feewva xtmet.ir- tn tfte -w. it mpft)
iy be ee3 woi& aa fi r a cnnteaipt of
emu.
It LLeatie mhnmiK "that r t
fa sat "fee f fr' n.r. fi-t-.tif. W rnwt.
ar4i r swan. m.li th- Sute, shall.
ti-rxM-nr 'its ao
wSrwe fe fjHe-ei a4 msrh- art--t
er c tr I-,i'.i4rir xe ntav be paMeti
a) rw!se tljee-HL ai-cwfluig an the
tnsr vwq al ruenang nt the aame, and
aw tlie ssW( e ewiM-n-a of ai.v Mich prr
ns w r as hie or thrir aJti p
KCirm he Bjrtheith varat'ti, and
Aal:'fa 'SSeflk a)eW'r"'BjeVwn or pr-
-s ata 9K3i. ac H jirdi ,t dL. ao
fenwa iMWROEef- tled b any office ef
faiej. peiL ee tne. rivj or militarv,
sftiaiS. scrJ t&e IyptVw.-r ahull mllPrwiM
eat'ai ditf I. eurer the rvpctitioe
oHss rr er $r nr arjy rvpett ennpr-
aweWaare 11 th-TT-f, unfit
i tsaal, ss hie aisate. tun- taleneim
W mai ; aa4 ar jutht VviA ee empannet
ed aa azi f li pi " -ta Ajic, m any
ieaansi..aa sruek.akiik be m u tUa
.0u7iitiMre. act ot tM Ltuuse
pasji aa urw-usre rwnt eekaa .hr.
i: i"C ea J tu&-asfc t5e teuul naf&, ha
tt'Vra ' wt aa4 truly
rifM mmt ta'' rx" tivw Oriinunre,
ad mm tut ee act mi ia Lrt4htre as
xavi V sew" a curry wiMe iol. e
raSMa a-t a8"eu)Hiy w the tree
tacts aaeaascjf. th r- C
Tse e6ikar: CHoiwix AnJ we,
li feijoae aTSiatV Cee mn-v "t- "the' eod
tflsa av . jssaa ---aw
G, eersuwral ' tHr TtuW 5tr nn4 the
srw4r f ths?rw-tarst!ial ee ere dtr
claretxa at eeerr bart, d. liittir ir
ciart, twst we wttt a4 auhfiHt b- upolt
cuipa 4 (we ea ih pert uf the F-:-r.il
timt-jni a reduce the c?taie. to obe?
ar ; has aWM a tU cemislcr the
je aw C:tn ea anv a-:t aiuhoruiua
twe faielsraasatefawiliriry er naval h.rc?
Acuaet tScHt.aj(at5t. fdmajter
eassMsWesl awtasanbssK r sstianal r any
art afajUWie: r rhaefi the porta' nf iiu
Aaae,er awe ei rbawa. ervtawrwiNe ok
Si'ei aa fee iesreaa asjd irrf vf
r mrU atasd rVwoa the seel sort ; er any
favactea the part f the Federal Gov
ereesewtlseeeecc the 5ah wpber
wru. Siwrny er kame her eo "rwrv, e
te eaiwee th art berrfar aWtaml to he
ami assl tee4 etWeew- thea through thft
nr3 iiiaeiiSs ef tk ewwrjt ae aaceojae
tea xh rJU bia cr raermuaoce of South
t'ara&M as th ram: and thai the pee
pVef rfas taae wiS theveanA kit tSera
Hee miitdni frwaa aS aarther eUijrstioa
w am'il at see arm ant aWn
sjrawsiweA tweaeupki ef the ether 8utes,
ami a rtent pewcreai la erraoia a
arawjaVxMriH-ljgJtj oW
tfeJiii'W litr a anawMijs ana. Bade
wVoStt ssbt afrytit
T Tkas awScaaa aVawsciatviet ef fhw" laws
W aeiWtfy f t.W IWrd Sutae has bra
f AwsJ wWi r W efts the pari
oftaaui'aiiwet laatStaie, which nsa
ioV4 4 sVtoaw3sa) a reatkr iwev itaUea
reetwt to tV aerma ef selt-aN Cnwe
alj.i. t t.T?!"r y rhe Federal
Vrr hut i the eJt'P-
l',r afaikwttoifrvrewel pew d -ev
eeiae Uj 9 iAeavuweJ n rtiaiJr
etassare, t wtiireta (rotw the Fui-xv
Chj lV ?Tla ef Vweler the L2wJ
lews snrai- at CJuoJ-ta ; a-vd .s . t,Vit
rrtKj the ti -rwrr ktJ lkar taem the
fi ' r af ik CUMeotjtjiw" Ie hisme
ee. ea tkt he aewaod t
that -ttei inTisww he th beome
aart f ibe ba!aa.aJ taw d R atta taro-
t tV k- W-w at best ca-t,
aw whCrJje aa katftb appeN
a wN avetar aea wtember
Sn - '-tw'. aei baa aUatet hr.
- e 'v-d eiSuw Te fU'nt'J
ir-v;V a a-K-n m
aei baa aUete I hr
vaatbl tvf kJ 'av aa. liaijextks
itnVroi tKat she ha willed it, and that
the act is done; nor ia Jtsatrict eorripati
fcfiry with eur ewistTtutioiml ollignUo"to
a8 la ws passed by the General Government
wrthift the awt horiaed jrrenta of power, to
non ie e jerteil fa gfo. hi whicb.4 corn
pact' has Jieen patieblvv delior-ratulv. and
daar4?iulste45HiTat'ttfe
a eonjimrtare of dwp and rnonientoua in
teresr in iieither, to be concealed nor do.
uteo. I hie crtxtr presents a class of duties
which is reieraUe to yourselves. Tou
have keen commanded I by the people in
their highest aovereienity7- to take care
that withiu the limits of this State their
IwiH' shall JThe- -measure ef
lesuHauon," he says, " which you liave to
employ at this crisis, is th preciiie aimmiit
teuch enactments as may lie necessary
Ui render it utterly inipoUe to collect,
within iwr liniitf, the duties, inipowd hv
iSe a.-otectire taritt thua nunified." He
procted, "th,at yrt should arm every
-hiapft with a civi' aroce&s by which he
may clitre, if he please, a tv.-ei'ulion ofi
lit ?oml-., seized un Vr the exist ina; iiitpowta
to. Lis grjviry cuntv lo abide tlie iaue ofi
a -stuiat leiw. air. ut (he Mioe tiuie, dofioe
hat shall -e'WuJjhgifcao
Sliiie, iifay a llf faios aud pouulitiea,
'a bvtyP'4nU t'-- novum to
i(nire any Ur&e. In word, J'tii
omi!4 sune-y the whole jrr.Mjiiil. Tru rofiat
kiok to and pmvidc f(r all ps'.bler runlii.i.'
iretickMfc'-- It V'-or own Hrnt-f, your -owh
-Hft ,4 jwMntum m4t nt oufy lie -u.
pr. mr, but y 'i nmit look to the ultiQia'tej
ts'Xii).JC0Bfiict of juAsdictiQudty-
er between them aad the eourtsot the l'n i
tied fAntee. I
. T)e (.Mtvernnr aW aks tat power to
jrat.l c'eanuirea. iavilaiiofthc las f
i he Unin ; and to prepare for tbe atrmw
ttve, which u.umI bnppentUiilrstlie Unittx)
Slan t -.hall j-assively Mrrendor their an
ifrity, and the Evrutive, ditrrarding
hit oath, refrain fnMn executing the Let
-if the Virion, he reewwnirnda a tlvrtsh
rcvwKJO of the inihtii ay atua and that tjic
uovrnxrr ' authoriaed to accept fcr
the defence of Charleatnn and its depea-d-TH-M
. iIh wri'M.'ta of two ihounand vol
imt-eit, cunur by coiopuitios or filea ; bod
ttmt tl.ey be formed into a legionary bri
fute, eotifiijiUn of infantry , rnknieu,, ca
valry, held and heavy artillery ; anIlhat
thry be aratud and equipped front the
butdus" arsenitU cnJil;UJy tut the told ;
and that- wperoeriatiuew tuate'ur aui.
piywe aM.UftM.trocws ua.,uur juuiuuoiia of 1
wjuJ - Ja adiHtma to the aulttoteer drails.
he reco'utueiidi that the Governor be an
tliun4 aeept 'lhe-ai-rv1,4i liviu
(houssuid volunteer From tits oilier divis
kM of the .State, to be orjfraniaod and ar
rtmred in re intents aod brigades- the
rtflkrrs to be setectod by the Commatdi-r-in
Chu;f aod tkat ihia whole iurce be cai
hnl tkt State Gtuird."
A riuent. bai tjwt reailarly nuule. of
the ctry of tlie cHatr.vd; S.ifllti Hl!V;
m f r ao'hcUic enpirs of the arts which
iute been passed fr the purpose of -uforc
ms th ardwaera, bat, as to the date of the
laieat advieesi that request had not bwn
cep!Ht with j and, m the preamtt orca
i)e, t(iereCre,n'f'rwice can only be ni;uie
uiVm ktijt e puiijisi'tfj iu Uu new spa-14-rw
4"le 8tote.
The acts to which it ia deemed proper to
invite the particular atteotkw of Congress,
1st--Jf.An.Vlt 'erry. m erfcel, in
part. ewerdMiaeee te nullify orrtaiaacta
the Coorrsaef the I oited Dtatee, purport
to be law Isyhif Jwtiee on the oior
latow of furein cominodities,'' psswd in
Cenvrntion of this Sute, at Columbia, on
the 24th Nov., 1832. -
This act p'rovidea, that any roods scixrd
er dVuiutsi, under areteoce of aecarinff the
duHea,oe rbrthe aua payment of dutea,or
under airy process, order, or decree, or
ether pretext, contrary to the intent and
meaning of the ordinance, may.be recov
ered br the owner or coosisrne by aa act
lof rJeVM. , That, ia ease ef lefueuu to
deliver them, er renvint them, ee- that
t thevrpWiaJveaot w execuled, the aber
tfl way srtxe tbe nersoaaj esUta ot too ot-
e-nder to double the aavouoi of the food ;
and, if an altsmnt ahall htl msdeJtxrli ke
ar acigs them, it if th duty of the. abenff
ta recapture them, And, thst any persoaTI'I'i; v p
who ahall disobey the wcesa, of reiaova
the ( wta,er any oue who ahall attempt to
irtako ee aeiaa the roods, ttmkt pretence
uf seeuring tha duties, or for non-pay meot
d dutiee, er andcr any procea or decree
coatrary tethe intent oft he enbniuceihalJ
h fined ami imervwaed, beatdea brinr Ita
bVlti any other cff'Trw invoked im the act.
- It sU nrwttde that any peraua arrested
or in.) ri. wiej on any Judgment or d"CTee
obtained i any Federal Court f duties,
hn be eo'itled te tho benefit secured bv
hbe bshea Curpus art of the Stat in rase
t e ..!-'. - :..r-."
H bikoiui arixn, .aim hut inoiuiain u
rtin fr d-imsree; anI that, if any estate
hall be aidd andi'r euch judrmeat or do
trre, the tnlts nha.l be hU illcgaL It sUo
eroveka, 1'ial lay jatkir woe receive a
perenw coramited od ant proreva or oilier
judicial prrreJir.s to cuVce the payment
dtite-e, and any one who hires ksa nua
a tv J
f Rd a
;t
a t tad te reeeivo suck pn)Q, ahall be
e i impnonod. And, niaJ'r, A pre
4t
t re -wu"pi io dutiee tutf uev
The next is cnllei M ao act n provide
Cr the security and protection of the peo
ple oTthe State of Saitfir Cafoliiil.ti
- -Thi act proyidca. that, if the jroverti.
ment of the United States," or any officer
or rnilitarj forcejttemr to .coerce the
StahJ South Carolina, jittdlhmiiori to
the act of congress declared by tha Ordi
nance null ami vow, or to-, resist the en
foreemerit ol the Ordinance, of of the. law
passed io pursuance thereof, or in caw oi
any armed or, forcible rowntance thereto,
ine governor ia auinorizea .10 reis ino
same, and to order into service tlie
whole or so rnuch ol the. military force
oMheStaifrr
sary ; , and that m ense of any overt
act of coercion or inhmtion to com
mit the same, manifested by tin unusual as
aeinhluga of naval or military farces in or
near the State, or the occurrence of any
circumstances indicatinir thut armed force
is about to be employed egiunst the State
or In resistance to its laws, the Governor
is authorized to accept the sorvices of
such volunteers, and call into service suoh
portion .f the unlitux, as may be roquircJ
to-wMet tho eukirency. r .., , .. w,,,,,,,,,,-,
.TIrjcLtiM.p.royi!leA
sejrvKe of the volunteers, and ormuziiij
t.tuilituvt'wbcidxij; aUJcoa aiulft uutka
IrWeen the ajjc of stxtocu and sixty, aiid
for the jhiivHhm ' oT aruit, orJIiifcote, eu3
aiiitinttiuik Ii also duuiures that the pyw
er c ufjrred ou the Governor shall Iw ap-
nlikta tf ll nf TttwwearfvjTVw erwr i-i -
ain (tutu vvr tx iUVif j I aavasvtl ui iai
vibk", or wmunout dancer ihareofrand to
cases where the law of the slate shall be
oftjufv wd .U)teecutipo thereaf firci, ,
blv reaiitfd, by coitibinations too powerful
to he sopnrrd by tha puwer vested iu
tm sat rills 3u.i othor civil otui er ; and de-rlur-s
it to be the duty of the Governor,
io evory au-h caoe.to call; forth such por
tiixis of militia urid voluUecrs as may be
necesMry promptly to suppress such row
binationa, and caune the lus ot'the Siyle
lo be executed.
ivte.ie An aetceijceruiag thooaVuVyvju
quirsd hv the ordinance, piuml iu OMiren
Uoii alCotuinhia, tha 24th of November,
This act prescribes the form of
Ute outh which t, to ohoy and exwutt
the ordinance, and all acta patetid by the
Iieghdature tn rmrsnaiice thereof ; and di
ret t the time and manner of Inking it by
the ruWrrjuf.thetBte, civij, judiciary,
and militarv.
It is believed that other art have been
paed,r enibrannr;- proviakont tot eutbr
cSig the" ofdinunc', .but' 'IuaWtiiiy'ef
been able to procure thenu
I tranauiit. hnweter, a copy of Govern
or ITsomIi-o' nioMage thabrifdature ofi
5uth Carolina, of Governor Hdynos m
ausjural add ret to the same body, as also
iifhi irochmation,-and a, reneral orderof
theGowrnor ao-leomtnander in ehttH,-fla
ledtheWOih of December, riving public
nlire that the servicea o( vohiateere will
be accet'tod, under the act already refer
ted to. - -rrrrf ..-.
- If these tneajiurea canool be dufialoil
awl overctNae by the power conferred by
the eeMtuMeio' oq the Teiknd Govern
ment, the constituttow tnuet be cone dt-red
as incompetent to its o wo dcfVoce, the sa
premacy of the lawa ia at an end, and the
rigliurand liberties of lite ciliit'ht can 'no
kojr receive protection frora the ee-
arument f the I'uioo. They not only ab
rogate the laws of ConirreM. comhtonlv
called the taruT acU, of l2?and 1N32,
but they proslrata. and aweep way7 at
once,, ana without exception,' every act,
and every part of every art tmpoainr any
lavMiiit whatever of duty pnjny-foreign
mercfiaadise.'and, virtually,' every tist
rng art which baa ever been psawed id
tboritinf the eoUerikin of the reveuur, ia.
eluding the act or l'Jto, and also tha col
taction law y livv, the constitulionaJil
7,
of at ten aaa never been euestionel.
ia sot only those dutiee which are charred
to have boen imposed lor tha protection of
Dtanufijeture that are thereby repealed,
but all other, though Lid tit tha perrwis
of revenue merely, and upon article ia bo
deree awoectrd of beuig etyect of pro
tectioo. Tbe who? revenue lyvtata of the
United State ' ia' South Carolina ie ob
tructed and overthrown j and ' ike Gov-
ernmeitt i"aTiTute1)rTr6tilt)ltrg"(Tora Col
-partijftf
within the limits ol that etate ? Ilewew
C)rt2i,oof cstdy the citizen of Snxrtl) Coro
lina and af the I'nitrd States, but the ob
ject of foreign. statcaTiaay iuuiort any de-
scrition or quantity ot tnorchaiMiee win
Ibe porta of South Carolina, without the
payment of any duty whatever.; That state
ia thuareuevedfraitttlij pyateaL of.an
part af tbe public burthens, and duties and
rmpe are wot wly eeexWed nut waform
throughout the United Slate, fait a direct
aod ruusio preference ia f iren lo the port
eftaalaUte over those of all the other
atatee at tbe Union, ta maoifoat VtUalwo
of th poaitive 'prorUtona ot the Couattta-
ti.it. , . .i , - ;
I point of duratrn. alto, those acrel
ai'iioa npua the 'authority of Conrreas,
wkira, by tho ordinance", are made part of
the bindaeVHilsl law of Soulo Lit'ilina,
aral.Jule,in!ufi1ute.'aBl a illicit Itmita-
liiWf TVy itker''prearribe the period
wbea tliev ahaU eewse, oor ladicatt auy
raudiii'in npat which thuse whol-e thus
law are to retracetheir steps and rt i.il
their ineasures. They offer to the ,C oi
ted State no alternative but vnconditioiuA
euhnuVsion. If the scops ot the ordinance
is to be received aa die acale of coocegaioa;
eijelyjhy-
repeal of the whok nyym of rereuu
bwi, and By aosUtlittng IrTneIte
of any duties and iaiposta wIaUoc wr.
- -A 1 . .l'. . . . -.1 ; K.
f i is true inat in ino aaurea io me pea .
pie of the United State by (lie Convcutioir ?
of Soutb'CarolMiriu'hir
fixed and final detetminntiou of the Stuvaj -
in rehition to the protecting nyMeni,' thty
aayThat it remains for us tor Fuhmit -rs
plan of taxation, in which wo. would btr
willwjjwritcqaieicC
concession, provided, we re met iu due
time, and in becooiing pirit,r by ""that rrr
State interested in waiiulaclure-t." lft
the opinioo of the Couveatioo, an i uitnbla i '
plan would U that "the whole list of pro- "' ' " j.
tectod artklea should be imported ftus dr ' ? -all
duty and that toe revenue, derived" . ;
from import d uie ahould fief raised ext IqV .. .
sivuly from the unproUctcd articles, 0 '
thut whenever a duty is nnpiscd upon pro- . ; .
toctod arliths imported on excise duty..oT . i
the 'Jauit, Jf8.kt alialiMiiBtiiaied,. jmmuo .aj 'i,.,,
Stm"fl3HSf twnufaewred ifltho vrn
twitatea. The ad3reiss 'procreof4 to"
stiite bwwever, that 44 they aro winiiy; t
make a large offering to preserve irrw
Ucvra, and with a dwtinet-deeloring tlntft-
il is I concession on our part, we w dl corf
SQiil that the same rate of duly" nitt "1
k potted upon the pratected art lo thai
liiall be imposed upon the. jinriteetedu
proruled that no more revenue i mised'
tlinn is necersary to meet i!m' demands of
Hie Government for "coHt:tu(iouaT pui'po'
sen, nod provided also that a duty subidf
tially uniforui be imposed upon aR iot-clgo
unporis. ...
- It ia also true, thut in his message rV ?
the liejrisletore, when urging tjic iiecee.
iv '4 proviouuj( " nii ans ot securing inerr
Misty by ample resources, lor
rtiinie
tirce by firtce,' the Governor o Soiitt
force.
Cnrolit a btwtyee ,t hat. he"comKt i1f
think, that on a calm and "dii-piirs''sto'"
reviow .y Conxrew, and the lu.Jti ik"'
iihs of Uie Geutrul Government,' of ibt
true nierit-iuf this csitroteny, lv -ai '
trsiKiti, by a csli "f a tontcnlieu of l! thw
Siates, whieh-we siHCerely and av, J(f
seek aod desue, will bo actorded U. av" JL
FrtMM Uit ihteikiiv of .ternur- iudtct.le1
in these two un;o riant JucuiiwoU. t.iT.c'I
iu connexion with liie projrew of iru nT
eventa in lltat quarter, -there i iw. u-ucV
miMit to ipprebiltLwituiHit Vhftt
uer ihmwinj ihe inlentioo ofthin-piil.lia-
ulutioiiariea
por'djkthft addr'of the convention, of
Ihoea alluded to la tke'nvwi'e""oi iheT""
Governor, would appease th excitement .
which tma led to the present exceasea. A
iaoUeaia, bowsver, that elneild the ktl'e- fj
he inaisted on, they presunt an ailomatTvti
which tha General Goventmcut, of T'P
can by oo p'MubiUty grant, since, by VI
expreaa provtaion ot the Coaabtuti.s-r Co
tfrtee can Call a eonmitK.fr Lr the jiurpo
of proptMung amendihenui "only so i
tha aopltcaiiuo of the Luialauirct of JwC.
thirds Ut the area. r And it i not
ccived that the term presented in the adY
dress ar more practicable than thuse re
ferred to in the a-essaga--.
- It will not eacape attentlon.'that th
coodiliunsoo which if u said in jhff adrrree
of The i convention they "would b ad'injj
to acquiesce," form no part of the ordi
nance-" VVhila taw-erdasaaea bear all -the
aolentriity of a fundnmcnutl law, ia to
be authoritative upoo all wiibm tha limira
of Sooth Carolina, aod i ahiutu ud ut
eonditiqf ad in ita terms, the aodrer cor
vey only tha seutinveqlabf tbe ooovei.tioo,
ia nw fyindinf or practical form j ooe uj .
th act oT the State, the other only (he
sxpreeaioa of the opinion of th nx-mlier
of the convaotiort. T limit the (S ct of
(hat solemn act by any term or too!iii.mi
whatever, they sliojila havebeea iobrieX
ia it, aod mad of import ne Us authortta'
Gve tluut lhJ'acl JtsjftltIJy-e'psiillrTr"
oacUnent of the erdina'net the execufioaj
of the law of th Union is absolutely pre
hibited aad theatUroa oflbn m other
prospect ef their being again restored, era;
io the modified frr propnaed, than wht
depenii1 upon the iiwprebebta eeniinjjtePyf
ttte polV reveiikAt ai,id xtiangiag .attBtaai irctuir:
eiciieaseof, th aautineata of fli prwaeat
member of the eoeventioo, and of their' -uceeeaora,
wiH.tewiaia the aama. - ( v
It iv to be regretted, bowever;tht thear
coudiUooa, eve if they bad bee oIbredj
ia tha aato binding form, ar ao wodes
fined, depend upon ao atany eofrtieeeocies,
nd aria eedtey.ooposeJ ia ike kaowa
opinioM aad interest af the great body of
A cnericaa . people, aa tt Jiww
hopelre of atUinnenC Th majority f
the Bute, and of th people, will certaie.
y not eonaeoi thai the protecting dutieat
i hall be wholly akvuf eiad, aevar to U ra .
enacted at aay fular tiaae. Or in any poa
siU oootiofeacy. A Idtle practicable at
it to' provide 'that "th aarae rat of duty
shall bo imputed a poo tho unprotected j '
which, moreover, would bo te oppreav
to the poor, and, la ti moot war.wmdd add
greairy to iu ppn. Aad Ibouga tbero
raa be oo objectiua to th priocipie, rp
ariy ua Wdoud, that r more vne nhtl
be raird tbao ia aveasary f"
irtti ' tVfV Uf , tvurMH?nl 4;
-t
I
ra
-!
ft
i if
'' "sefasi -eWLi'iJ? mem it - ! i al i tM- i j
''' t '
    

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