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0 / 75
liicb principle Kan been already recora
teendedby the Executive M tb trut basis
"if taxation; yet U wry certain that
pouth Carolina atone cannot be perinitted
ti decide wh ,t thee constitutional purpo
nenare. v r '5 V ' ' ''
'V Conclude m wr oMfc)-- -
Wf. 0 RUNDY mow! that the neotag
tJ ihn Presid'-Dl and the accompanying
aVirumeaUi. be referred to the Committee
csilhe Judiciary aad that 3009 copiw of
the former, and 1500 nf the latter, be pna-
tad for the we of the Senate, ;;;
to postpone We Pill wi rawuii wo
to make tor remark oq the motifs! of the
laaatLr&cm TeuneArfl. ami. the retort,
T 'am.ordfif.l but be hoped toot me fee
S'Tf Juj'r tiwtiMi ia which brw placed, ni
r-'tJm'fnm th Suto of South Carolina,
r- -M obtain for dim the ItriuLrbeeof the
" Senate. It wan not bin fotent'iV, faeaaid,
's notice th niaoy ,- rraMtmnit
M EiV a South Ctrolifm wa concerwwi,
- -that werecootaiood in the message just
..JILaai jJwtt there Was one, that be should be
recreant to the trust reposed in him, if be
termitted St to pa withoxrtiiing the
J mA ika arts in muurt
Miction wa OeCISiVO. n " j t i ,'
J"-""" . . j .v.. I. J .V... ik. olnrt nn ia decided IB hta fit.
! ahe waa m a ne iuihothj., i - :
Constittitioo require, iwo imrea inc wr. ou.t.w-.-
State, to authors the eall and howjfr Itiom , not Wrra.oat "J
urd wfth tbt knowledge of thee taeta, to gum me crounucjr, -""'
u .nTiMtinninratMivrniinn mt airenzrin id oj wnmw,
been, prior io bet acting. Bbe aa r.gbt time, a powen ji pany, iu.g
UMraitiiijr until ahe had cted and now nmage ot thsGoernment, havinrno fixed
that ah baa.he ha eorne fcrward with principle, neither fof oi tpiMt the tanK
tlui wtul Biihinet 1 ruir I.r or minurBi miiy uiuci ui.iit u,
ull, . rs- r-nvntim. of th Statee. tional foli?T rally around the Executive.
which hit ample power to terminate the In thia middle position between the com
eewtmerf W ranting or refiiaii the bat.nta,-they ehape their couwe aceord.ng
power ia tpieUon. ene no pea ma oer ci
vent inn, and tliereby termmateyn T,rf
1" ffiH iWWIWd.fllniVWwj.
ioroftiinity of it bi decioed re-
Dmhatkn. Ue Wl tutdenrtood thoChM
Jfwttay thai the rAject of Swth
Catkin, ootwittwtaoaing Br repeaiea oe
daratinna to' the Cootrary, WW boa tile t
tha ITa ion. Am, 1 naUl 1 aalted Nf. l
Mr. Calm or ?l Daune,akfld, do I ntnte
Ihiapertoftliemoiwagewaftectlyt HI do,
t meet (hi aaaertion wjtb tbe moat unqiwil.
htl-d denial.- Sir. there il not t menher
if the coofedoraey tnorw devoted to the
flaa the State I...rpWkw ..
Tii IVaident, taid Mr. CunorK, re
t, the ufVanbcatiou of the militin of
tft eootinnbciea. If the nnrrn taina upon
he amrthjthey rimeuy occupy ine grmma
rhkh.JfMcMd. Ou llw omtiaryrH
We bate at laat anil he, reached pe
riod which ba been long approaching,
ban it mitat be practically decided wbetb
eri eur it a conlilated Government
t:-t. 1.. u... .iritatiui biuI di-1 niirM ofoolicv in rewrence 10 11 ia aanpv
:m i.wha Mtnwrka aa to wKat nnreawtert. eieew ny a rtcmvi .iuo
1... 4 irnrntaiiona in force oftbe.mnioritr oer the minor inter
nwmvcK-u v -r. . I" . ..ii .V
in.. K nroff. Ial. TTnn.iniTIO DTOlTTesaTn rTintiire
eor.uiri nae reacnwi whikh iuiu,
the weaker interert ia compelled f to reit
opprewtone no longer tolerable the Ke
culivo will Inranably paw f"m the walt
er interest which brought him into power
n th- aids of the atmnw. It ba a ea.
wHhentJwwUtion, or t contederatire ay. . f fartlud will be mire to
The .ibxnwn of lh w?iP'W-afctit
G vi ro r on that auhjeet, aa prwif that the
flti'e t ie' litatcd dleupion. Sir, I rrrt,
?mSX3, m Cbirf Maiirtrif? haa
- tkt ta'eJ alt the lacta. ia relaUoa.ta Ithia
ubrt. Bfre Suuth Carnlioa took any
to' orgftni force, the Pretident had
Concentrated Ihe forcea of the Uaited Statee
- 4a the- harbor ot L'harieatoo aad the Mtigh
orinii city of ho juata, 00 her ami h wealem
frr-niwrVaod bad tocumolttad an trmieoal
" - tninntitT of military atorea. evidently with
feii intentioa to coerct or roe twee the 8tate,
'whonit eeuld eeareeJy be- miMakos that
the nbject of the Bute M to protect what
, believed to be her tonatUutioneJ r if hta,
' lhrou(h tbe civil tribunale, without inten
- eluig a raeart t military force. Being ap-
priaod of .thet facta, and the military pre-
" Yaralion to Coerce her, the retorted to the
jbeaeurel to wmcn row bwitj luunat
npt with i view, on bar part, to change tbe
tame from the civil proceea, but eimply to
ttoml nf ttflooratUUttiool or tawkMe. at-
' . . l . r.L - m
jatnpi py Hrce( m vm fmn 01 tuocaocu.
- The PrealdcBt ties aaalgoa, aa another
. fr uoo fof bia iniareacel that force waa roe
tfiUtod, that no attempt had been made at
'tedreaa before the" oourta of the TJ.SUtM.
Jter,kgtln Mr Cilrobti eaid, he nw-t
rj.-..-.-. Vprea bis regret war nm rrenioopi- duo
r - .. iaoi B&Aed lit the fccler1 lie eould -not be
i ... .....,...,.., . . .1 L ' - -kalllU
Java aanullM DJ ioe-3it wf 4mmuh
ed in the mettMpe will determine thin que.
Uon and on' thin decwion flepenris the
enntinunhee ofeur Union, our Constitution,
and wir Liberty. Erfiry created animate
eiistence has, it ia said, from it birth, the
principle ot decay The aame michr he
said, be (eared, of politic!, ay stems, end
that in ours the cause which they were now
em of our lioveroment. r rom me oein.
nin. an essential uirenuy m ophihjii who.
ther ouri i waa'OwiroU'Teft erinfrder-
1 ted rrstem of G
the two treat parties
ha area amized at rHfcctine; that we bae
tocceoded in advancing through forty-four
varl ofour existeoce, without having set-
( 14 a queaiion, wmcn, IW r ilia uinm
side obtained tbe ascendancy , must necea
tartfy taw eo powerful btering upon iba
practical operation of the system. That
question must now be decided. -Tbe mes
sagn has arose uted the issue, and the final
decwion can no lonver be auisyea. 11 n
recommendation should be sustained - and
tbe principle which it inculcates should
prevail, ours w uiu in ict pecome a great
eonsolidated Government, without limits
tion of powers or cotntitutinal check.
Uf. .begged the, WctiMvrii'? '.re
rtedi before they came to so monv'ltt'ni a
4etfsl8rK1t"""ww!d be gmss dweption
to suppose that there it the leaf t dintuic.
lion between a livvernmnnt aosoime sua
of unlimited powersi and rw- which bh'i
the right: of .tfecjdlng at pressure the er
tent of Its power, as is maintained in etTert
by tbe fJWfsage. ' Ncr would thn dnlosior
be leee' gross t euppoae surh a Uovem.
mrn( couUl Ivnii continue. It must ' enT.
and that speedily, la despotism, and that of
the most oonremive enaracmr. noinin;
eatinat tnttora.'aot to see that m a eoun
try of such vast extent, and diversity mF
Mr. Poindexter- neit ariaressea jno
Chair, He said that hi oRjoct in rising
waste ask that the question on, the post
ponement of Ihe consideration of the bill to
Monday next, might 0 waen y y 1
boes ; but arhile up, he said he would avail
himself of the opportunity, W oner some 01
the view he had taken of the provisions of
the bill, not for the purpose of entering in.
to the general discussion of questions ao
momentous, but aa justifying pia vow in
favor of the motion made by the honorable
Senator from NortbvCarolinv(Mr. Man
gum.) He concurred in the suggestions
of the honorable swnater irom Skcniucaj,
islAlbAtinnxin a day for the
inS STJUIB EttH WITH! W "' W I " ,
look to the ffrest principiee wmcn 11 em
braced lull in the face, and to afford ample
lime to infeat igale tho3l maturely, betore
the measure was called up tor the nnai ac
tion f 'tb 8enate. He considered the
hilt asa nf a oermanent and ireneral
character, coextensive with the ifnion
aiming a deadly blow at the free institu
lions onder which we live, and notas.Umi
tad. according to its obvious intention, to
tbe attitude assumed by South Carolina,1n
reference to the eiistm system ol protec
tion to domestic manufactures.
Mr. Prejident, said he, if the title of
this hill orrespooded with its provisions
it mleht, wthesual justice and propriety
be ci!ed " hill to repeal the Constitution
ofth" United States, - and to vest in tbe
PrMi'lent despotic power. Such is its
aptrit, and sncli the import H the word
used to rarrv rut tlie purposes iofended
bv its enactment. No meuure bad ever
Congress, from the close of the Revolution
to the present ninnient, so ntallv deatruc-
tiveof public iiberty,ror so jmioauty con
flicting with th! ptsfn and positi ve provf
sinus of the Constitution.
The first section of the lull clothed the
President with the eitrnorHirary and dan.
treue' boweTof ittlro1llrw;ir?-
cise of htswn judgment and t his own
. ... ... , - i .
U Qonal or not. couia not oe oscioea oy me 1 i.mt&. that a Government ot an absolute
-imfj-jns4awT'wnos4hsi faee, 9mrmriltmtflA niiiT hum tM lofniinara an
f W I S 1 WIIVIP 'V , J
. J be revenge laws ana 11 was imposwwe, 1 iuted.
Jording te tbe forms ofjOUicMU preeeed
Jog, that the eueatiuo whether they wm
If reality Intended for revenue 'or protec.
r. rm. wnid b pc-nte4- ftf deciaioo, bqw.
r rr deaf thn fart thnt pieewe and not
7fvtnoe'wi inteodoj. But facta da not
trold out tbe Preeident it) bis assertwui, tliat
side with that party which, can gratify, its
appetite. So long as this ratal conflict ex
ists. this state of things must continue. I
depends upon t accidental cause, but
orinir from the 'nature of things. Even
were our country ene of small extent and of
bomogen-.-ous interests, the very same state
of things would prevail, provided it he n
dsrthe rule of no absolute and nr cheeked
lead to the absorption ot an power try tne
Executive Department; He would leave
Jovernment, h divided did wch g go,, wilh.
icsof thefcountry and h u, ,9 tfca w.
suit stated. If such batne operation ol a
trovemmont over limited tcrritorr and
homogeneous interests, how much morel
violent roust it be in one situated as oors
is? It is, in fact, rapidly sweepinj us to
(THgjKjtism; 'The 'cry is, the Union in m
danger. . That ia not tho danger. Vie
are Infinitely nearer military despotism
thnn disunionf Ijet the bayonet lie called
io as the arbiter to settle great constitu
tional principles, and the very power whirh
is to decide ajattwt B niin uarniina in um
eontroversy, will as certainly decide in the
next, in fhver of the despotic will of the
Executive against, the liberty oTthe coun
No man was mnm devoteil to the Con-
stiiiiticm, unioni and liliertv of this ei.untrj',
than himiielf. In his vmth, h rs with
neihaDs too much emhuslam. t!ie noKk
example of Greeiao and Kimim ll-r'y.
ThM enthusiastic fooling wrudi. he hid
toward them, had been ejif' rt'M 10 the
institutiobs of our country, wiiirii w fucily
Wioved,' if pf.iperty ntTdfirsraod, u rim.
fftderatod system, of freo Jlacs,,sufei;nt.
1 ly checked by ccmstitutinnaj limitation, it
PF,c,.sni.r. (h tnosl. admirable astern to prMrye
M -Pltr l aprpetuau UbertyJ.er
an4of.tb..tofyrfp,d,.H But PJuU-in Tlie oiyrUntncter, a
rrmstltutiorml check, which it would ha if
the measures recommended m the messe
be adopted, and enlorcerT,"it niild oerie
most odfotin and oppressive oespotism that
ever existed. Mr. C. concluded bv hop
ing that the Senate would pardon him for
the warmth with whirh he hnd spoken, and
thai,4'' in- their ricfl, "theecsionJad
hiatitlfld him-' -"... -f
Mr. uarsnr having ttkhiiikvi mi mo.
or a menace calling for lis interposition.
"-Sir, the iden cannot be credited that
the free-citizens of thin confederacy will
subm'U to these shackles on their dearest
privileges in contravention of the eompect
of union which secures them. It i an en
cmschment on personal liberty not to be
endured, and amounts almost in term to
repeal of the Constitution, which secure
to every man the ireeoom, 01 bjwcc,hu
guard from tnvasum the;iiberty ortne
press, and the right of thn people, peacea.
bly tJ assemble and declare tbeir opinion
of public niett and measnres. AH thoee
solemn guarantees ire now 100 (Hwrnw
theeustodv of one man; and to be regula
ted according to hi judgment.
Mr. P. then adverted to inn secona rc.
.:.'..fiki kilt, lis nid it was not hi
an eXBmiiiationpf that schemelo pmKrate
thn aATfr.imtv of the fcutes, ana- vest
the President with ,W
but he claimed the indulgence of the Sen.
ate while he glanced at a part of the bill
which conflicted with an express provision
of th Constitution." Hetben read from
the third article of the Constitution, to
ihow the ti mitation on
the courts of the United States 5 among
other defipetl cases, it is declared that1 it
shall extend " to-controversiesbetweeq a
State and citicens of another State ; be
tween citizens of difforeot States, AcA
It cannot bo denied that theso courts- pos
sess no jurisdiction, which is not expressly
conferred on them by the Constitution 5
thav are not courts of general Jurisdiction
they have no common law powere and can
only resort to that code, to illuatrata the
power specially granted in the amcie 01
the Constitution referred to. Thi bill
enlarge the iurisdictioii., of. the . circuit
courts of the United Stale, and extend it
to controversies between cit.itena .ot the
aame State The provision is written in
laeiunze not to be misunderstood or mis
construed. "If any pewot bll reeeire
any injury to hi person or propeHy, for or
on accoun of any act bv him done under
snv law of the United State for the. pro
importance, time ouht to be . ajlowel fot i
duliberatuin on the many subjocta wl . .
it embraces, and the many interest which,
it involve, Upon thin po.nt he concurred
fully in opinion with the genlleraanfroni !
Kentucky (Mr. Cut,) and he must say . -that
he conceived it to be one of the hap- '
piest auguries of the results which mighf.' f
be hoped for, that this agitat ing suhjwj .
was to be approached in a dlepaasionatp
spirit. - Calmness and moderation aloo
conld lead to the satisfactory adjustment ; i
of thi great question. . With this imprc. ,
sion upon tin mind, be wan not in favor uf .
taking it up at once--an early day for its
diacosslon ne thought ineoiriwtible with
jurt and Barmonituig etilernent of th
difference of opinion, orofintarestwhicV "
existed. - ; ,";
, Id. the conflict of interest and of foeling :")
eido, it-ought npt even to be aupposcd,tha ,:r,.
they proeeoded vsrih indecent haste and -W
precipitancy; and if from that cause only; ,
he sh ould, be tn. &jror of deferrtog tb -'
question to thn more distaht dayrin order, ;r .7.
as be had before intimated, thai tim might
inftuuiuvu iv "sit inonii-. r ui tiini.uuifrf ' j
th Juristliction of 1 1 consult calnuy and deliberately with bin
own mind, witn anew 01 arriving
proper judgment. When , the 'question) 7.
should assume ita shape fordiscunsion" they
would then, be prepared to. debate aod h
vote uiidervtandingry. At "presient,
must confeaa he could not, under a eoa ,
of the duty which, he . owed to his owb
State and to our 'tommon country, he 2
eould not venture upon toe question. ..U. j
bad made these remarks, a he had pr... j"
iivusir ihv ti ivir- 7invu suv aiswiitmifj e
of expressing an opinion upon the hill) hit
sentiment in relation to it might bed.
lerent from, those entertained by others,;
bul "whetrr such ihoald OF ahould not WT"
the case, he was anxious that time should -bo
affedi'lor the reasrms tm had roti--and
that they should not rush, post haite,
to thia weighty matter, tie must be per.
milted td say, in coocluiion, thai kit w,'w ,
marks applied not to the question itietf, bat z
to the swrfw opcramir in coming to n
... hnmia. iMUliiawin limn If. K miahl lui lA
teetion oTthe revenue, or tne coueciioq 01 . f";r" ' l -Y ,
: k- -k.M k- .ilitxl A m n. uruonunaie as 10 uiuer in opiuoiu whii
thoreior. in tne cir-i"luo,"
imill wm jvr auiiMfl - - i . , . , , ,
se 01 nnwni'KH'f'"" r.u- r-l.iJ th.i. In M Am. 1 mioeo, ne wouw say a na ooon mciuuna
ill and pleasnm, h-lib.rtv whmin the doi the injury hy the regard which be cherwhed for thn
may reside, or shall be found." It ismno- D'Kn na ssxrea mieresi w is couiwora.j:
sod of tho press, and the right of the peo
ple peaceably to assemble to rtnliberste on
the condition of the country, and petiti-nl
lor a redress of grievances ; rights wru-
red by the very letter of the constitution,
ami inestimable to freemen. At the hwad
of the amendment proposed by the States
at thendoptiwetthe Federal ConstiPition
and which now form a remponent part of
thnt instrument,' 1 M" article whtch
fsst. fhat this nrovialon transcends the
jurisdiction of the court of the U. 8., and
is to that extent a repeal of the Constitu
tion. An officer of tbe customs at the
port of Boston receive a supposed injury
from a citizen of Massachusetts, which in
the discharge of his official duties, both
bring citinona resident mthe tame ware,
, ted republic
From tk Jtffermmian dt Virginia Timet,
The last mail brings us the Report of
tbe Judiciary Committee of the Senate,
to whdm wan referred the last messsf of
A. Jackson. ' We have read it attentively
It gives, or proposes to giv all powsf la
. ri: ... hischsmcter a a statesman, liatard toe 1 . . , .. . , , ,lrw.
respcrt.ng n es-aousnmon o, rvnguMi, or . c . , tbe v
pr(,mi.iungjne .rry Ul ja ;,. the district where the ioiury was
dono, can take eogniiancntif a civil action
Mwotni tba-prtin-Ibttha recovery, ot
sbridiHe freedom of speech or of the
pee, or the right or the people peace,
lily it SFmbie snd to petition the Govern
I .. .. . l.-.j... .u: 1 uum iini"i 111 hit r"
kcorupara me cnecas wy "t ; Umttlcf wtnro W liMtifv. a -doparture m
a. aisMrhthMti it ArraJiratrv 1 " . . .
I It MI X i;iii.ivnv'i in ... , j
If proof were, wanting, the
actual condition in which we now find our-
selves in tbe midst of this great and dan
serous crista, which threslena our very
pulitieai existence, would rurnisn ample..
Iiow have w been brotight to It f . There
baa been t interior difTiclilty for the last
. - . . .A' !. -.1
nateen vearsi no conuici wiu aov uuwi 1. , icl.. .l.
U.i.Kliii.1 I y r. IIH.IBI UIU1I V milM II I J L mj.m ta hMil Mir. 1 1
Importation, with the tpres view of test. I ,,1 nianaced with extreme danger,1 a
ffi-tsat question before the court ctlieiaMwiadted by alt. 'No reason can be
r t ;.ite.t-3utn, and the result -waa, as might f jnad for our present Critical condition,
t unuripatod, that thn court refused to that wa have practically departed from
' tk' c imwnoe qf lb queation of const i-1 (B4 ,nti principre that ears ie a ennfeder
tat Vu'tiT. - latad iJovemmeet of limited powers: a
"In tUi crnriection. there in iMlkBvWifitltKriilt wbkli avawghl Mr. JeftWoniftlo
tJr'-r.'t Cut that ha inimsdiaui beann on j powerTTn '1 Wl , and which checked for
fT . .l:.v .1.. w;.u. I I JLUx a.tifV Mini
lutiM a. l have suud. before bn under I trow from an ontiosite view of our system
Xw A in immita tn aaotivM which 4 bss. 1 of mvermneiit. For th last ten ev twolve
to rhw high-minded and gallant State, veer tba principles, have been aVparteJ
r Hij Mr..C bad thn honor to repfeeent. iromt and tb Oovernmevit ha gradually
It w.kiM be rsrootuaerwJ bv all. thai when aaaumod an unlimited control over l!e iu
' tb brtf of abomlmaioo, as il was justly I dutry ahd capiul of the eountry Th
CSl ed ty th (bettor, froea M aaaachnsetts, 1 rrsult baa been such as ought to bare beee
Drfiire in the Senate of" far Vniled Slati,
" Jcn Tvesffay lis WruT Janvary. 1
Mr. Msngum said, as one of the Jiidici
try Committee he had been opposed t so
early a day. Ie conrarred wiin me gen
iMnLrom 1 rnoesse tnL this a; vast
hr the most importnnt , question whieh"
could he brought forward for disci i m at
this aessioa. So irrrnrtant was if, in bis
opinion. t would shake the aneirbt cW-
acter of our institutions to trir very wuv
dation. Ue roocorred in tbe opinion that
it ought to be take, up, and acted on with
the most pn-fouod deuVretioB for ft oV
penrled on the result of this question, ho-
ther there would not be nrevotwrio) which
meirt - for a redress ot qnrmirxm;L , , - r . n j u hi-fT.;- wn-
.... UA ... ... IHWTtJ mm-i f
to the encroachmeors . r m.rary j 'fnm -u. .jj,
r,e with tifs---.nas 1 ita .a&iVotioa-Bart 'r aeane an4 M ;
. ' J.k.r.;i.J9i.i.i io ino nirocuoo i power ,-.,,-8
CCS. nFiiiTim viiriciw n inr ,,mu
f tinlj Jveeorrte imprerockIe,ri the jnt
ineM fthe President, toe.T!CUte V rev.
enne lnvs." dc.;then he is aulhoriied to
remov iwrumoui ii-tu-- im,'-"(,l v..:,i t;.i.,,m
..l .11 lK Kih . iil es and or. '
fill I 1 UIW SUB " - - f -
nd the barriers of ther Constitution no
-imtger ahW pro.toctioa-to tho-StaiEa. or
l the people against the overwhelming ot
Ihe Executive, and the dominant party in
rorVie with which the hill pripows to
irfnrr4i'irif, " What .wait, constitute ? on-
wfiiVol'l;Uona,"..corHlnatiOii, ot if
lemblaL''!" iernnr' is not defined
area a thrrat m a menace, cocsietiot of
mr wonl,n - ""id' reJ mmmaU and it
Is left etclusI'-'-iy t the judement of the
President, to det -"'.ine for himself, what
is the character and intention of " assem
blaje "f perwoapes, what words amount
to a threat or a menace, ana on nis own
inr-wnretalinn of these acta or expressions
te eall forth the military force of the cotm
try, to enable htax to carry into eflbcl thin
it nt bar-pew, that aa H assemblage of
persons, for tbe most innocent and
cttasary purposes, in a particular quarter
of the Union, will be construed into nn m
hiwtul combination to obstruct tbe execu
tion of the revenue law, and, "in the judg
ment of thePrestdsot, authorice tb em
ployment of the army to disperse it T Do
thn people of the several States hold tbeir
urs ! it makes mm in aoie ana uncos-
treuled arbiter xtf the live and liberties t
the People of the United State.' It "csa--atitute
him ole MONARCH of thn AM-
CU1CAN EMPIRE fOnw tep further-iV
kt Coogres accord ibis power 1st thssl
pass in IS urn H inojr irr ui iiuiiurm
thpusund swords will leap from their scab-
bard. Liberty rinnot to perh -
without . ttroggte a Moody - rtregiinr-
Strb an act on the part of Congress, ou4
ajanrfuocn to thw worM tbw end t th
pubilO it WIU suuJinua i j ausA t u. i
South Carolina would, under other circuow
sialic, barn rescinded hrr erdinsme, wlj J
ber not do it now. unoer mi ut, ins
ert) must perish. Stand forth then, sad
it the battle must be, strike as did yoo
Fathers, again the Tyrant. Ia ipHn
of tbn Baeetiag got up by the Juiua- bwe, ,
Tirginin' will lriDg yoo. in 60 days, twe-
ty thousand bayonet, ' wielded by meij
whose ery wiu U, "LIBERfrOB
DEATlI. FerrVr Thnpirit f Ibf "
ancient Commonwlih t with joui- -
from 71 CaitmH TeUteept.
The following w'the" dditiooal lUfc '
ITir a Dill "I anormoniion ii pas provm, sj lamicipaiwi-' m- i""'iiM1.nTar inerswowki w rrnu wihcbi ". v .
nniug n. to the very Wmkciva war hegWaVed with rererence'M it bwit wouW cEangw thi Vrchtrtttrr ofonr "3 TlVwTtn.
as ti i s Si nui iui iui i sit t n sb iiMi nn rrai n r win ail in s atuM a - -
and r!iaMiartwV NtLr V tbr fit, without eensulf ing IB looting or vw i lDttiluU ns. lamovmq an wnwtpotva the
ll.u. that a dslcsttn from Iba Btat eflof th weaker. It ha terminated in' pro. leormidsniiion of the bin tn another day, as
., i i . . ., . i . i . i. . . . . . . i . .
Sulh Carolina "moveumirnena tn tiu i eocing vmeu con mem orrwrjo ine iwv 1 snoutd nooeroren resomoo ssst.
" of lb bill, Mai toBre-itrfrotect4relgteatrctwof tun touniry. - nmt the he ahonld do itwitbaat itferenrn la thn
" . - ., - . . . : I t L.. ...l k.. il.. I . . r l I. vl- .v..
Character Wiin ilia cxpigw rrcw u iryinj . p,eVt wtrrvr, r-,vu . mimn tmanmrj wmm .
thn ri'testino of ) eooatiiittwoality-Th I strnnnr aaclion, m rromotiva of it Miter- there could b any defuntivn actmo on th
tootioa fJea-rit J99t otsddvwa U Th ts.I in Iuii1IlT-vHr7hnThd not doubH ojft tllhit timw He uirwated refer
- mtr.rttv and thti the fsstv wst ftich i the opinion of th rosfntvi and firtirw. theonfy effect of which would b te
on thai point ne wouiu sumii uiai iney were
th most competent judge. Hut o in
other sulf , lbs ejprsMofi was as great aa
the advantage wa n th opponts. Thf
whole pouth folt it pressure, i here was
carcely a human being b that section who
would not, rerrdinj; it particular Inter-
- Dowers bf tbe euart. Usrortainly mfor laeU. be id favor of Iron trade! He had
. , ... I'll.. t i i
Pans thi bill, and th very idea ofStata
sovereignty wiU bo treated as.a viskm ot
il uTOgmaiioV-w Ul of by-gone days.
no longer "Io bt remembered, -bat to . be
ipurned and blotted out of our political bis
lory for ever. Mr." Preadent, faaid Mr.
)?S when wt turn our ailsolio U tho re
cent State paper under tho signature of
th Chief Magistrate, of th principle eon
laioed in them of which thi bill iatb COO.
. '. Ik- ,MAit fMMi llftlt UtAAt IlKjIV.
ty have abuodanl cause of alarm and appro- ment, in regard to the disclosure ivr
benaiooa. Tbe alternative ia presented to ion Coovenuonist, which waa promiiei
us in a aaanner not to be blinked, between our hurt. ; - ; , . - ju
ourorigindbreutirulnystemolf -! reoeivadar Inltet from our freest
eomposM of svpitraU.MJspaDUeaX . KrtT-1 . -woo wnics ai r .
eignti, united for thn great purposes of (tho person making- t'rTf; '
common defence and general weuare,tuu-1 - ue requests mat i r; ,
er denned and specified power, and a vast dierlosdrew wad to tnysslf and
eomolidated empire.withadwspot to relee. (the person whe gare ''ZZj
direct it deetiniew. In uch a coolest went,)- though be, (tho Umoo.it) '
there can be no seWroia b who is not for not retract any tluog J w 0 JTT,
us is against us ; there is not one inch of ho had reason why hn did not wwa
neutral ground on which tho fhende of I quit tho ranks ot wa panj. -
Sute rights can stand ; no one can win ' ne Hid, in suosuuscasw. - .
so hard an hot to V?e, that ipotalbn iasut of lamatiotrww writtn-4Xbrlei"
thi trogilo must eVpeod tho Uto of thi carried to Washington, by th r
." .. r.j mv.tt .1. a -. !.. kill rtirt WUtoer -
rree ana envwuo conieoaracys cmi iim i oocrciat, v"' ?
State retain tho right reserved to thorn I bout th Urn in wiestioo, UP j l
. . . s w. - m a i v a : . m n m w nas arBTai a sjv fcJ . -
bv the Minou wno iremeo ino onauio i rei diisshm. . ' -
trnsTi -or shaU wo throw our liberties at th
feet of a military despot, clothed with
mere eaprice of th chief Magistrate t
Sir, let u throw -off the mask atone;
enact th riot act of Great Britain, put it
into the bands of en of too myrmtunni
of tho Proaidcwt to read aloud at every a
r:1 l ihio widelv
,i rrrtie tmiawrui i wira i i . t'tt . .
in mamcnri ; iy.. k. J.
deprived f ,h epportuiiitj eftsoiing th
iKtK.a aelur insi very uiotiaoj wmcn
1 , th Prvsidant now uunlinly charge it
wii-i re4 havtng vnaorled W' Mr, C said,'
that ho eould M.t,buf retbark thai there
leep up an exclPmetil "whicl It would
wiser to allsy. II did nrq refer to tbe 1 l
of Febroarv. bocauan ho believed that
ht Yt their horn, and in case
tn rV io call out an armea
armd w lob anaxtraoidmary Chang
.WiUuMba .Iatltac,ta rr hrenrs to Jho
wuaolety with refrreoc tothoonve
ene of thia brtwcH of th pvvremeot, and
of th other nousif,-iB order rttitrffirt
red, (tim docuiMnl laid bsfor Ci(i(reas,pokM too Strongly, there were ooas, I hare anfiknent limt for deliheatir
npoii a subject whicft JlourheJ the ry
heart core 4 or wsutuiiona. .q one
.k-l-..iJt ... .M,t&i ...V.. 1 hria them to sshrat-wion. Tmo k ub-
Wheo be proponed t imre d.taivt day, eta .ally tb powm which H r
. r that ,1V ot did not consider the So-
V err tne Qnirt as the I ribuusl vf thn hot
rt, in eoolMvetsi between A Btat and
the Crtral Covemms-.t, where a neigh
hot ing fiat wa eonevrued. South Car.
-m -k ft M fbarsi ore denied bv fiavanoah
J' rtvor. Waa h l undmund thai ana nil
of eoosuoriiuo oss to prrvsil a) tb aaat,
. another on th weal U of that stream l
' . 'or that the opinion f the PrsKiiit hsd
oadcrgoot an aotire charge in oi short a
v , ' , , time I If en, k n'" "ir 011 'ha samo
' ubjft, SPinC larMud of ojsk to other.
Another reasoa had a'to beoa Issignod
" 'hvlh PresidsfH for sixsi.lpaling the mo-
tire of the fiat -thai tb Htato of South
r.nJiua ht not applied, for an aaod
to tn Cnneliru.'ion. ir lli joannor
but ho wt Htisfisd they did ot nteoad
on ta a hum! red. "The tariff rrstem, then,
while U muted in it favor th dontinanl Ibould look at thi bill withool discovering
interest, by ill advantage, united a resm I tbt it revived all tho distinguishing bar
taor to k, by ita opproaaioo, with eqnd
,tM waakrr.,Ia tbm tte,
tresidontial election ' intervenes. 'What
appenst That which baa, and aver will
in rich cases. Tho, stronger interest so
ke t for it candidal him who is consider
ed tho most talented, tho most elTkieot,
and most capable of sening it viow.
TN weaker ind it imoosmUs f tmeet the
oontost, under a cnu.late identined with
ita ist rest , Necessity compels th selec.
tioa of on ia favor of a Jtdiiitmt taruTt
that U, of now whore opinion are not well
ovnaod, to retereneo to in pnertiv sy
acteristireof the old partie, beside toy
kinjl io it tweep, much, in .hin epinlon,
tbslwas odiou, and wholly .unknown tn
either of tbe old partieo. It carried out to
their full limit tho principle of on of
(Vwe partie with alarming and tartling
mJiUnJa t and cam io conflict against all
the rrincipV of th othsr. k It toucbod
the funds mental character of our Institu
tions, nd on ha discussion and dsciion
which would ensuf , ho Coosrisntiounly bo
IWvoj - and h would bo const rained so to
declare, were ihet ,tS Jast words , he
shon'd wr utter W'Hild materially , do.
thsd by if.' Itis a syHlcionl answer lenV Tb bores of tho weaW lnfefM;hd the enntmnw if our admirable in.
pmed to confer on th President no the ha
sa of all th other high prerogative ena-
ofrois4 m tho hiU.ua rout la we. 'Jut
this ia not tb most extravagant feature in
hi novo) i! wnprecedented transfer H
arbitrary newer to the executive branch of
tho CovernmenC An asstrablage of pen.
d)o dart not Renounce an unnK, oppressive,
and otTcrynstitutiooaJ act n i-ongress, in.
r-minv burdens mt them M an onerous
ivttemtif Tmosts,in tho pt'eseocaof an
ofiicor of the United SUtea, without being
tiabla to hare Iheir word Interpreted to
won a throat or menac against officer,
and thereby uljet.bemsrlv to b dealt
with a tb judgment of the President shall
direct onder tho prevision of this bill.
Th same eotoorpiencr might reso.lt from
tho publication of a paragraph in a news
rmmr.oWiuacingan unconatttutiooal act
of Conaresv and eomplainin; of lb man
ner in which it i oxer md 1 ail officer
eftbUmle4 ttt This l-is aiijht,
tervW-d ronntrv. backed bv trioarmv and
- - ' - : 1 !- . - . . ..
vyrWMyTirTBeT troW 1trf-vmgerV
rally around tbeir ehiertaui and execute
hie mondateal ToooaM each honors VI
Senator to deliberate well on the important
involved in th posnago of this
! A r Mr.Yninaet1
M wait ltoifan Jawkao I Jf".
srt h perfect - uad-rstsiwiui
rL .1 it of ih & P1
ty. Ualted,tbat Jack7iW
ii t : iha State D
iua v wi- -
lore. . . . e 4
Ull, and to recur io aw pouuew niswry, i goes on is " - '
frwnthotlorejiflhorevohitiootip to th confidential, but grda-ly
prneitt ttrn",- m w er oaasooauais i as tana puwtc, no wv. v-zi-" .-krflrf
awiarmuwiw -1 - laasr!
without my r'f .vuhTI
stool that ho will oeny tor-s
. .. ..kl.-W ikA-n. ST
SIkaO n aww -T1 1
anc- ' nno soo
ibt rpba , UoacealJa ihwntrcnrih Ufoa him. mu ftitoUWI b that vkJflwt, Wt rostiwtW I io th judf ma P rrftdnBt,on t thrttt J
tren character of this (loveromoot, by a
review of the meaning and intention of (tn
frajBersJ iball vote to post pone th conoid
ration ot thi subject to uw tongeu lime
prored- f V.!
Mr, BROWN id, that although b bad
ot aatieiiialed. such a diarussioo at that
which had ensued, ha wuuld, nevsttlieless,
oo for'participore in k si to assign the re.
on which governod it vote was aonui
. . 11. .k .IJ ,k paiaiM l.i
give. ... .asasrs - - tw Wlih .,ception a -
thn otoriu r r nsmern o, .o- N --7-'. diitingi'1 - J
without, fW porticularty wished a to oe wu-m -v - ,
wrmood.)r afimd judgment Ll hu ruS,tli.boJ. Tl
latiori to ill ho fvservsd to .lumseii m ow " " " . presrtit P"
.. . Li-'-.L. kn. ii I rentlcmtn who maaen mis v
nga 01 npng r"" -shnold
eoroo up in propr order befor
them. )U wa lo fivor of the poatpisie
man! n a future day, because he ronsiJ.
rsd,oa yootion vf nock iiMgnituda nod
L rvi. ri.iwMnl. It win hi ecctV
ptrtely corroWtren totm
erymatenai P. ... a,
ment, has 1
...J anOiiklO lb' r
but we hav wrmw -----, .
I . a Io
tn recw . . : i . r. 4