jr . y si -
The wisd- rfk-i!ti.mia easily rn i grafin, 1,1, , on eie ' . ,S " " 'U' '(V M re., I, lb.brl ol Iaa.ai.,aa4 wb
kK will be eve M with tenmr.
-SAUSSURlVnoVAN'OU.NTV V. C.-..MOXIUY M illCII tO.
rj 'J, 1 tlfllaj fc
'; JV S 1
. . . L. - J-ll
in m, ffi wilkintkrM sum A' or 10
lUf'i "df't W. ifald ml an oik.
"'i.m rtikm In Vr V mr n
'k.ditiil until all arrmragn art
tnii iJrii ttf Eddor't dnerrlio.
0jntriptio rtrtirtdor a 7m
j jiVr ' (wijr f' iifr e i4
ft 4iinntinuf, ssfa turr fie rrpxrn.
yfur' ciMuUirtJ as a
inyjman profurinr rir nnlrrnt tub
fnbrri to (Ac Carolinian, thnt I hart a
wj trat'ttT Advertising at ihe
a"! fctfrrt t'ldrtttrd to fie Kititor mud
It ft paidorlk'f nM It at'rmlftl o.
1,7- i'be leuitf will U utritll) tlliir
Jl SUNATE.OF TilK U.S. '
. HOUTH CAIOL1JM.
Ou kiU f-rtktr (ronue Jar ikt col-
Omi S fh m4iM 'ulcH had tmuxlj
pj t-i him lu rwn, to aliuw ibutcv
fff pncvM rctnHy irKmld be rrte3 to.
J .MM(iiuliiq wnfrniJ in ipint of
friire. it ratified iu that aaiitw
irit of dpfereore; aadaoit ouht I It
-uiiiuU'!CiL.Tbc vbvfo biMory of our
pi rtnr cmf rmi to t!mt rinripli; a mu
tual 'If.-li'rcix'e to all great princiil if the
tauitrv. The (irat'lico 'of thu Govern
irt !im l'''H invariably marked with the
ipt'it .iff' iinli.iti ri.
Tii .HtJite l K.jntur.kjr, in 1794, wa
iwii tvd with th 0 ernrfn'nt f ilk)
I'. Stiii, hfau thu fre navigation of
VliMiwipni had not awired. Th
Lr;ilihir of that Ktato made a itrong
Immf ranee j tb ttihjefft In the Gen
tml (i ivfrnint'iit, claiming thnt I'rx oavi-
jjiuiuaji lla-ir rirfhu .Tlwv ajacrted (hat
G" 1 id Nature had eivrn tliein the right ;
l-vl' i-v nx-nuced a witmlrawaJ Irom Hie
I'm'! if it waa not obtained for them.
Wlut ra the eoura "( Va"hingtrmt
What wa the courao of tlte American Con-
gr TUm4 ioca-tou't They did not
W n Hir grouirJ that Ihey would not
"tfrwTtrfrjr"ttfi ineiiaCe " wot'TiRTJ' over
th"m. Yet no one cwitd rjnaht' tho ctmr-
ts 'f..-Vahinijtoii. No noe eould dotiltt
ut loal Im prepared fur-rrfnrj'riwt
lie aaid that the Uovcrniiwnt hmlTiJpcftgraprncar liiintu if anj pnrfmn ol
imitahlialind in a awrtl of Wmiprnrniae, the1 l-mied Sta'tmC "Vnrj tiM.k an'it iudL'e
od h rcominunded that a respectful re
pit lm :iven In tlio atate. He laid beforo
th' '-uliiare tbe facta in the case, and
th" fre navigation of the MtaaiMipjii wa
-Tscru wai alsu auother ciuc, wbic.'i wu
the 4imiti.f the State deHa. ,-- Atilie
t war iif tlw oluUo, beaiJea
JL n'io;al debt, each Mate had on trac
ts1 i- li-bt. and it waa dumunded by Ihe
jf-nt imild amiimo the payment of (hone
f?ht of the Slate. Such wav'lho dix-uit-ajrtion
which remlled from Conjjremide
bvm the payiaeut of liieae debla fir five
rfir. Ilmt a dimrmbeniient of tlie Union
n Hupeetcil. In mnking tliim reference
le h no intention to cat an imputation
n tlie Statei, but merely to ntate the tncta.
.JtasrUfncral Gmsmiur nt .uUinMly . aa.
Wcd .the di'fila., 8ujp)ap that inNteud
f takine thia conrae, the (Jencral Govern,
lienl hud acteil iixu the idea thrown out
V) the gentlem-in from N. Jersey, thai
tli' pride of thb Stale Sovcreigntiua ought
to be r hncknd, we ahould not, said Mr. ft
kve kn at this moment engaging in thia
sVuwui, and enjoying the privileges to
h!t-1i1tus Sir "eirtTtTei u 1"
The next instance was the repeal of the
,. toiarjo nn m 1 907. Thia was mcaa
fe ia" Mr. Jefterai j and one to which lie
greatly attached; Dut wherLhe. ww
that, bv the continuance of ihis embaren,
tt4 tmm wagiiki'ly to be dhnnemfacred-
iu he say that ihe la muni be enforced
a the eonyti;licin. tiukl iuia is a uoveru-
, '"ynt &f CiMiiriiniww ha japeaJflJ ,,tlttt oat
buro. In hia urirk. eulilmhed &inee hia
4a'h. it ia mado apwrent that thi Was
y favorite measure witb him. Yet,
a the approach of sd dangerous t crisis,
heitnted not to abandon and repeal it.
. TliiisaiMher instance af concession
whioh resisted the exercise oi
he bad statej hia oliiections to the
ourfl !ii,,t,e hniorabie JuJiciary Cum
Riitti.e 4r)vid or recom nanJcd t' the
Hie to adopt, k leemiugit not calcuiat
H a hmu giiHtuuea had obsnryed, to
leula!ed, if carried into practical opera
Kl destroy this glorious Union, it was
r that be should atate whalJSe thought
d best meet the ureseot crisis, lie
SKidered the true remedy a peaceful fm I
it ' ConciIwtioieHiccordin
Ike ith tho genisof .Ute. XVistitui ion
fc,,lract"ice'iifiheGovernmtut. . The
""'''"."h 'uM he red.x rj to th wants of
m 4 Hkil l-'ie aun iaiuu which
jseqneofw ftH tariff sjtteni, oujht to W
terva'llte lliu, tin country should be aa
r"'d. Iliia a:prd la im t be an
tnfaliitttft rtirv ly. '1'ne one, buweyr,
wliwh the Cmnmittee had nricril',d,
inilit be fraitghl with fotiH) danger. Hf
waa aware that therewa t act if pu'.ili
ciaoa, who thooulit thia the fivorjo mn
o-ut to try the atrenrtli uTthe I'omciA that
ttia"Gocruiiif rd uwj.l Bi,t to cmu ndauua
particle i4 the f r4ecttve ayNti in.' Can it
be poev.ttlr. at Ihiariay, (aa'id Mr. 15.) that
any i'mJik1oJ would wi-.li tytnrdii tin
peace anil lidrmony id twelve or thirteen
milli'Hia of people imiI only the piiire of a
now pttop-e, imii 10 fum the pn;-re
or tree (rovraiiM.iita ttireotjbout the word
I'V an eeriii.iil ol iUt kind I To try the
trmijjth of the I'mon, and whi tlier it ran
wirvive Ihe n of Ihe military power !
11.. 1 - j . . ..
10 nojxa ix 1. lie iruaieii mat our
lt Kjlilc would be hazarded by no atu h
p uiive etperimeiil.
Il la a rgiH-d, continued Mr. H., that the
foaierf Huth Carolina havinir, pluci d ber.
nif m thia attitude of defence, t'ongr
itiyhl doI to lejjudate on the wihjert, an
hbilfceo aaTJ in auiucof ilia nawNipt'ra,
while tbe aword ia brarnlixlun over our
heade, Thi la not litettin the qocntion,
I V 1 qucitiuo uf a. ttr ckarwe.
ler. Are the peiiie uf &uti Cardine a-
tone concerned iu Una matter la Ht a vanl
portion of Ibe American people cmicerni'd
in ill Are not the vli lof the aouthern
Htalea interetied 111 tin auhicct film imI
only Die emitliern titatei, but tne Mate of
New Hampshire, the Mate of Mme, ami
I portion uf the ycuplo. of New Xvik Lul
largo and renpectahle number of the
Htatca in lite aonth went, which conxidcr
tha larifl ayatem uiijUHi and repugnaul to
the prmcipk uf t!n: CountauUuu, aud that
we have no right to keep it up. It 11 ar
gued that justice ehould not be done to
Houth Carolina, became; ilie line aisuincd
a menacing attiiude. Thia ia not a proper
lew j it la not jurt to tlie other Hlaten.
la it, any ream, Ix.-caa-Ki South Cjandina
l.a' actod iiopruJciitty, that hf lion Id not
receive justice t If ahe haa I'orfcil.ii any
ckiut to IJmi AMHuderatioif of 4liV Ortnernl
GovernuM'iit. ought the other tttatua to in
cur the forfoiture? Nothing can be more
erroneoua nothing more absurd nothing
I will aay, mors tyrannical than to oppreaa
all the aouthern Slates, because South Car
oltiMt haa artad rashly. 1 Ho ih, aatd Mr.
RJL'JtIiw i'"" 531)9 ? AJouihcm que,
fimj. Tlialik Ood, n the exercise of rny
Icgialativernhla and duties here, I cu'n
lMik . bey oral the fotomac. Thank God,
I Have T fcetib which" Ta' ool confined ' to-
of my countrymen north as well as outh
of the rotonmc; ai d I w inIi it to he di
Itnttly underatiMKl, that wimt I now miy
resjicctiiig South Carolina, 1 deem apfdica
hie to every oneuiber of thia cnfdire .
Tjjuo wic of tlHso. Stajee would I arros-lof
aully: aayl arifl. not 4o jtmtco. 'ttf a;ya
wniw iHi .yuur knees JHnm-ww-.
I do hope if I have any -patriotism, ilisf
not lliat nari"iw,coii.tructe
1 iruxi, 11 is mat patriotism wnicn iooKd
abroad over Ihe Union, and cmuruces cv
ery portion of my fellow cttizeiit. And ao
In-lp me -God, if my eottstitui-ntswrrre thT
day lo demand that I should perpetrate an
act of injustice agniimt any nu mber ol tis
Confederacy that 1 should do an act in
behalf of N. Carolina w hich would trench
unM ihe eig hu-of Maine- or 4f Maseach
tells, or Pennftvlvai.in, which I lie lieved
destructive "cf nir contTtutiKial rights,
o help me God I would resign my sent
and retire lo rev home, "rather lhan jeo
pardize the peace of thia Republic ibis
glorious experiment of a free Government
by taking whnt jnstly helongs to Maine,
and iinjuwHy to Itestow it on North Caroli
ua, beficvnig that a man presents a more
truly dignified attitude who refuses to do
an umjumI act, thttu ho who perseveres in
. ?u what are.we now called upon to do T
i . -1 . T . . ' lilt
H'e are called upon imminently to jropardiaJ
thembhe peace, ly a nnveland dnn5enu3
cxiierlmciit lo enforces law which not
only a large rjorUQnuf4h'i A
pie believe luicnnstitutional, but which t
milted to their individual opinion this day,
they would reptidtale and require lo be re
jected. We are called upon lo euf ree a
tariar law, which I believe the aaajorttyof
the people of the United htatos ywnre to
have amoodedor modified, and the modifi
recommendation of the Chief Magistrate.
And before I proceed further, lei me eif
p!am myself on this point. 1 do not take
wish to be distiuctIy8ndtrlood with res
pecf t5lhTImrfii!rrh''' " a lawwhich it
tainted with injustice should not be put in
pressive in its character should be execu
ted by interpisition of military power, un
til evrrv Dacifk measure which can be de-
yiaod shall have been reeorted to without ;
.K A.tA result.. The remudv lor evila
ol the greatest magnitude, should be sought j acceptable to the people, without a total
f.r in the peaceful tribunals of this coiiiilrv,ahaiKl'niient of the principles; I speak
according to Ihe great pnncinh's eaii'h-d'n r u rence to the views and prevailira
down tons by th Enlivi VVhii, j,vl
which we liav I i'd i'i' ne sptnj or
le i.wn.1 n.-eeanry tn o fnree la esertrte
io tawa, 1H H be tued. I am M prepar
fl to my ht Hie emergency raruvit arise:
but I do eev, Hint MP.re a lew o ihis kind
M f feruted litlore the peace of die
Union ia lo he diiirld. fhere otiinl to be
a efornee , the jotie, 1 1 the wmjom of
t onjtre to weigh, lo essmioe the pro.
visions of thai law, and smVmnly lo peim
a4 reflef ir UdV.ee jf.ieeIing -to put it in
lore hy mnnarv pwer.
I . 1 . v ..
1 iM-e ienvefiii(i Mr. m to advert to
nhat the rVatoent 4 the United Rate, has
aid in hi meii to Cmigrean, arvl I do
il Itf-caiiM Ihis ia the first remedy hi:h
Ihe Prmidept rewmmen led to I Vnrew
at ihe npi-ning rd"the present trMion. !
cannot do! thai if the l'.iecu!ive wi!n
were com-u!t,d, he would, ami dteid dlv,
give the prefi rence to a peaceful slMe.
menl ( the dilnculti hy 'cairea. I do
not irwnn lo aav lhat his prf.-rence should
influence rwir ii;w1:ilioii, bill it ouhl lo
have weight with us.
Peakiinr oflli utinftiiidimenl of the
puhlic debt the Tresidonl coes on ' to re
BinrJk ; , ,
44 The final removal ofthis erest Imrth.
en from our reinre, n-rds llie' nM-io
of further proviion for all the objects
trwerel wrelfnre and public defenre, winch
ihe Con"litoi:on iithorisv, an prenent
lhete:raion lor such further reduction in
Ihe revenue as may not he required f.r
I hem. From the reitort of the Kucrelarv
of ihe Treasury, it a ill m km'h that, after
ihe present j ear, such a reduction may he
made to a ronmderable extent : and lite
ufcjact ewmefrtl reemtrrHnded fo ttie
cuisidcralKMi of Congrein, in the hope that
Uie C(mt)iiied wimlorn of Ihe reprewnta.
tivea of the people will deviw micli iii'um
of til)Ctiiii that anhitary (dijeet, as may
remove th'M" hirtliens which aha II hi
found to fall unequally upon any, and at
may promote all the great interests of Ihe
Aeain, in another part of the message,
the Prcaidciil remarks t . ; ; ; ?
4 That niHiuifactiires, adequste to the
supply o( ourdoiiieticcoii!iiniption, would
in the aMrart he benefinnt td our cmiii-
Iry, there i 1.0 fei,m t0 dnM ; and, tn M
K t their eflablbdimcnl, there is perhaps
no Americiin citii who would not fur a
while be willing to pay a hizher price for
Ihcin.. Cut, for this purpotte, it is prew
med that a Taritl uf high duties, d'ijfnfl
Jos prpmual proieetttm, has entered into
the minds of but ftiw of ir statesmen.
The most they have antieipnted is a tem
porary . and generally inftdCntal . protec.
iKmwbich they fnamtain has the efteet to
reiluc"lie .ffice' cT.'o'umcalie'coinV'liiH't)
below that of ihe' foreign article. Expe
rience, however, our best -ruirle on this as
on other millets, makes it doublful who
ther th advantages of this system arc not
uKiuterltalftftccd b.y ninny cv'iN, and wlie
Iher it loee not tend to begvt, in Hie minds
a law portion" of our coni'itrvmen. a
bA'ttf iijeneiat :J.iaae'k-;' daueM
bfthe Unliai. " 1
These ar the sentiments o the Presi
regurdjij tlie Juw whi.cb, y,arciua
carrying it iuto execution.
As I Counider l!i, n a nioit illiporlhlit
point ; hi I c iividur it tin true means -d'
removing the difficulty now involved iu the
question, I have not only adverted tu the
animal message o the President as show
ing'ihe views of te admiiiistrHtion, and
their. remedy for the difficult) in the
south hut 1 would now heir leave lo read
from the annual report of the Secretary
(if Ihe Treasury.
Here Mr. Baow read an extract from
the annual report of the Secretary of Ihe
Treasury on Ihe subject of the reduction
of the duties.
1 hua we have tho direct subjection of
the preiienLjmi'lilraltjMU tbatihiaia.the-1
most approprmle remedy. It is the one
which was first suggested at tho opening
of tuo.tioswun, aodl bolieve it iacakulaied
lo achieve'all the great ohjocta ao much
to be desired, all which it it nocevary to
achieve, and that without endangering the
What ia the extraordinary spectacle, I
would remark, which thej- Amerigan. ,je.l
public now eauiuttsTo the world I A re
in' e do m a republic which has heretofore
pursued the evea and peaceful tenor of
its way" a republic which had. .been
fiamd competent to all tbe legitimate pur
poses of government witliout slaughtering
Its citizens, and which, with verv few ex-
years, we present the extraordinary
spectacle of calling on Ihe administration
and the executive branch of the Govern
ment To enforce a ta against a "portion of
our lellow citizens to compel them to con
riho'eeo rqjteh imwy-to;tWBrjoeiue
which it is acknowledged, is six million
annually more than is reitimte.jfor ,'jhg
iransiWCSeaenl GlwenirnenW5" 5 A're
moval of that burden would remove all
thfTHilt with the State of 3outh Carolina.
Even a partial removal of it a miligaUon
of it, would make the tariff tyslero more
p' .' p-moo oi me people l
wwWiws- ihar-we art ifimr- wr tltrf
est of a civil war and for what f To n
fjrra a Uw it lha eidWtia sf rrvwwue
when it is a).!injlt.-d by the herniary of.
the I reaourv timl (her are at present sit
millims of Jdlarl more (han is wanted
lor ihe eofnmon purposes of the Govern.
awil. Is (his calculnied In (levale us in
Ihe ryesnf th imti mi of Kerope? Is ihis
plo who have been long alruj-jlinc fr
lhir rights T rernnl me to siy that 1
Ihmk il will .me.ht 'wefcpn the Cree
of our republican aiperimeid yet I I
lieve lhal sir uovennnenl is ranuble ol
achieving all the great objects fr w hich
II wm igflrd,aud actlliug tint nutter.
If, in the revolution cutest, when
the blood and treasure of this rmiutry were
pr..fmrly H.ured forth - e.lul.loli tbe
rights uihI l.berties of ninnkiud lo eive
si-if government sod to ahlih unjust 1st
anno any om oi mir tnresfor who were
iijSL'e.1 in this uWious siniirele, hud pre.
dieted that in less than half a century af
leraards we should be enned in Ihe
oniideration i.f a lull lo compel a xrl!on
f theirope; at the poilrT of rti layofiei,
In pav taxes when I lie (ovenini"nt Imd
six million of d tllsrs more than it predH
'h'J.W'Uld ft have klicvcd him; ctcJu-
hty itself at that lime would not havo ere
rfitejsurh'a" "prediction. If fliev ' Colili!
Iinve credited, the slnry, il would have en
eitsled the arm which slrm k fr lilx-rlv
u.mld itave dainpnd lUo hosrnu a Inch
plowed with palri"li"in. P-ul whnt has
b.-en the pmclice of oir Government here
tofore I I beg leave to recur lo another
esse ilitfflliiiuiidird in ' the hitnrv" "f n"r
(ioVi riimeiil.undv.lirh I i ver! x.kod ut
tlie lime I wns remarking mi the various
instances of firU-aranre hwn bv our Go-
ve mwnt. In the late wir, when ft lurpc
m ij'inty ot the people of I'm United States
hile-viMl the pride of I lie country to have
Ih- n wounded when the constituted an.
tlioritie of ihe land believed the national
honor to have been trampled upon by the
British Government, sad cnsdered il Ihe
mine. I duty of all to asxist thein in reseat
in" the insult, we found many on tliut 'e
Caxion, ves, even pending Ihe r1ioniiesl
n-nl of the war, resistiui; every lull
mI.icIi went to vive the tt iveriinietit of
the L'. Stales meoaud means to prosecute
lhat war. They misted it on the gronnd
thai, jece might be otoaincd ; aiidj I
believe, lecaiiw) they, rTeruied the war un
just, and, while our villages were smoking
and our country invaded by a large body
of hostile troop. - -
:.- We find at that tnotneril, a hrge body
of iin o.io Coiuicticut,iwlioso pairiotiiiu I
do not call iuto (uusliou, ir -be-i- iront m
tu do ,) a powerful, talented and respec
table hxiy of men, even at the darkest pe
ri'Hlsofthut war, voting again! giving
men and money to carry imi the war.
Great llrilaih had traluph'd 'on our'com
merciul rilits had intuited us oh the
hih seas for six yean before war was de
clarcdi" r,..Nnirhatandiiigi Aim, we
found a fwiwerful &idy"hf" titid that fio
nrmy or money ought lo be voted In the
-Uuvtrtwt.. JNoWj if that spirit ui for-,
hear'am-e", great aa il was, could he shown
to an enemy whose crv was, IMrnda rut
Carlhit ,'o if thnt spirit could Is? exercised
brHojIagrantt certainly some little pi
tiiivce is due to our brctlinm of the south.
Curt ly ncine forbearance ou.dit In be
shown to our own countrymen. If there
were ninny at th.it time who thought Ihe
sword should not bo unsheathed agoiiiNt
thrwe'-who would tramH xis trader (oot,
is it to be supposed that we are now to
pluiige it Into ourlnoV-citr2eni '
some little examination into their cause T
I wish to be distinctly understood on
(Hie point. I do not intend to justify S.
Carolina I am not her advocate, hut she
has a ri''lit to have justice done her. I do
.believe however, that ihis question nitty
be settled ; and that by acting in spirit
of conciliatioj spirit not. only due to
bur, but lite vast portions of the north and
south, the quout ion rn'ght be put at rest.
As regards the Union ol these Stales, tlie re
is not a member ia the Senate, and I trust
I shall not bo oowidtred egotistical when
I aay that there is not, in the whole Union,
one. w.apu. and heart more dearly" do voed
to it than my tii'flt,ataaelC---V MWit that
taTl 1 laa sa.?uni.n OHM ill tilaflft V aaHfl ttf If sJaw
wWaf-a;saF-sawars,raasaawaw maF,,Br,ws,sssrsr-xr" s- sp
governmeTit, are' it lssue in this matter,
and it is for that reaeon 1 urge a -pacific
course. Even Ihe Greenville and the
Norths, arrogant as they were, even they
brought forward their measures even
they repealed aoma; of their odious laws
to satisfy the desire of the cob mi its. And
inexorable, more inaccessible to the voice
ol justice than that which prevailed under
the BrihshMcswrhyt- If aortbe Wood
of those who achieved Ihe Revolution was
ited.ia -vauvaad tha itapasweC tha liienJs
of free government are for ever- put at rest.
I.( that ioexorable pri
to he no regard paid to the feelings and
wishes of the minority, he would aay that
thi would change the whole principle of
our federal compact, depriving it of all
iU republican and benignant ieajHijwl
converting the Federal into f consolidated
fn every portion of the Union thereV
set of great primary itileresl. He wish
ed to be distinctly uiak'rstood oh this point,
I di4 not m& t9 sj tijat tlje Govsr.
every rub requirement of a Slate Ut
iroMsllt but ki did tuiMMl tn.MV that
whenever any i4 IhMtrreat priuisry and
leading inu resU inade just reutouat ranee
gainst n obvious oppreaam, it was our
amy, ia the true leaerauv spirit tu our
Govern wnl, to forbear otherwise, Ihe
Government must efforlually change its
character. The Weat hss her primary
interest and snnMl'Ulica in ithnitc
the ereat land qiielion, sn3 he, (Mr. B.,
would alwai b diaposed li do ample jus
lice In ber a H aslorvery Mher w-clion
ofthis counlrv "nM A rv,'r
and f iriret riaht. New York has great in
terests in a commercial and "manufacturing
wsv I be, therefore, would dJ nothing Hint
. . . . j ii. ..i.i i...
Wfsiiit tismplo them "" w'"u "
them lie free as they are, and give tbein all
Ihe1 urivilecs Iher require. ' With regard
lo the manuhielurinif interests of Ihe couu
Irv. lie believe,! that ihe Ciswtitution dm
not lax tlie intercuts of one portion of I lie
neootn lo Leiu-fil another. He would laar
and forbear. AJ. as tu a specific uaa
I I ' " -
jure t't tha xtducUoq ofj!) J!'! he
ilerliiro.! il.sl was not one oi loose who
w.sjIJ gie a dcailly blow In I be inaoufue
InniiL' intereat. bv a Ihoriaicri anq loo r
nid reducrinn In" the fveiiue"T)'iin'.
, . . .. . . ' . i. re .
wouIJ Uu it gradiully, in Hint snrii oi i.r
hearnnee, which is due In Ihe whole Vu
ion. ..vnk- ifianeeo at nie peculiar
a - . s . .1 i ...
rests ol tho West a d North, he would
now advert In those of the Bout hern Mate.
Their interests consist in producing as
much a pissible selling at lli higtieat
prices), aud buying aa low a possnUo. I nit
lhat natural course of tliinjs had been in
tcrnipted by lh Goveriiuicnl of the Uni
ted .Nates fr many years post. Iut he
did not auhkcrihu w lltst doclcwie which
is maintained bv some, lhal there are not
essentia.! interels cominon la a large Kr-
tiiai of the I'. Htates. I) believed every
section ol the I nin, north, sHjth,ast, and
west, were iiisperably connected. There
was an twt.h thing a ao adversa tutureaU
It was true lhat an arlificiul stule of U'ings
bad crown up.
Tlie re waa no difference IsM ween the
great nntural inlorests which GmI mid nu-
lure had given us; if there wnsanv dilf-r
enee, il nroe Iroiii an unjust dread ol hgi-H
uIiiki. Ciiiusl Hfrfl.itiMi had produced
it, aud not the diversity of soil, habits, and
iiirsuita. Tho true doctrine was, extend
mi ll protection to all in iheir vurioos hub
its and pursuit, and leave the path free (or
ft 'getutruu and beueficial competition ol
II.:: .: - - '.- .';
He U-gged leave to reid a short extract
from I speech of3IrJlayacd, a utan of stui
nent ability a repobl nan, a patriot ; aud
he (Mr. U,) believed, that the entiment
would and ou'ht to have il weight. It
was at a particular period of the embargo,
and the remarks were mado in the Course
of a speech on tho question; and in read
ing ihi,-he -totendtMl to-make no Special
rerence.tothat portion, of the Unioathey
had a riaht a wsnrVae what thv folt-i hel
inenlv referred lo it as iUpstrstive of the
principle of our Goveruiueiit. In the
cnur Vf ihat giinllenwiiV remarks on he
repeal ol the etubaigo law, .Mr. II. said a
" We all know that the opposition lo the
emtar?o, in theeirstern Htstesj.itTmtthe
opposition of a piliiieal psrty, or of a few
discontented men, but the resistance oft he
people, to a measure which thoy feel as
ppresxtKe and regard as ruinous. Ihe
people of thia count ry are.oot to he gwer
ned bv f rce, but bv alTection and confi
dence It iUr iham v leeialate ; aod if
they do not tike our laws, it is our duty to
" It they do n l like our laws, ft t our
duly to repeal them" oaid he (Mr. B.)
t was nvht and proper that the other mem
bers of tho Union sliWd rejM;t llieir fwl-
ings, nay, even thoir prejudices. Suppos
inj that our (lovernmeiit had pursued a
duTc-rent coupie had steadily refused to
repeal the embargo law; bad dotarmiued,
in th language of the present day, to make
an exjierimenl to lent tlie strength of the
Uuion, and that our lellowHsitizeojH the
east should have been coerced at the point
a. t ' il t i l-. .
ol the bayonet : wuai .inau prouauiiny,
bntieved there would rrave beep blood trhed.
and (hat the consequence would have beeii
a diseelution of the Union ; and that the
prospect of a tree government would have
been destroyed ; that all the State of tha
Union would have become separate govern
ments, and civil war would have resulted.
The calamitous consequence which would
taMtkXnmia ijutumKrment of tre con
federacy , none cou'd doubt. . Each of the
great division seeking lo strengthen them
selves against ibe agjjr?uoiii i of Jhe ot her,
would give Urge power lo their executive
fiitljorijies, which wrwld moat trobably
terminate in 'WaljiiuSuiurihf aita'
ry despotism in each.
Proud as he was of the achievements
which had been performed under the star
spangled banner - proud as be was of the
tar arxf stripe which have fluttered in
every aea and every clime anxious a ba
waa fr tbe glory of the country ; yet God
forbid that those stripes and star which
had heretofore been the rallying point of
heroism, should now fl mt over the marigl-
ed ore f air Heeding eountryttien,
God fctM ttv turcmiry awuid wtfy.
6 rafT fcM'f 8Tsii "si,"
fthaad nd disnstrnos revoiiition t (t ,
he believed, whenever thai lvi!4 l"k
phiee, ant cis.iy the l.hertie of thl rnu'.rf, .
bol lb beat and brightest hope of lha eiy.
iliisd world, wonld I drstrojed forever.
Tulueotion lprratien,-mK frtnifh
ago Mr. Morris, eureon, of R'iehlal,
perCinm d the TaliacoHan eperatiott (f t a
rnw noar) upon Benjamin Wilmn, rj Z
ear, in the same pU e j ih palH iil is iHi?
doing very well, arxl will eviilenilv l-k
much better for his new memlr. Mr, -Morris,
formed Ihe new none from micro,.
menl covering tbe I irelicad.
Pri Lrt. Tlie celebrated tailor, Slu'it
died at Arte, in the South of Prance, isj
an estate lately bought by him for ,
1)00. (lis property beside thi exceed!
11)0,000. ' . ,
f Stulii was the tery Prince of Eurorfih, :
tailors. He would not condescend lo cut ;
a coat or nutko a pair of brmiche, for my
Imt llit tiobility or those who brought I't-
ler (ifinlroduclion and recommeinidii. il
tVom rrnmj of ditfinrmrf-u InrfivMii'i'r
or decided rash mo. It was a rare 111102
for any .American eili.n lo be able lo ,
hew let tee from owrefsi-'hiiv -eti'-ojlj
lo air.rd him an opportuoily to have In!
leg and shoulder measured by tint fa-
tnous knight of tho thimUe.j
Mammal liny. lr. J.mallian Franc!, f
irmg in Kagle tnwnshtp.fdlot king roniy,
Ohio) has a son that en.hcd, in ihe lor . .
part of tinrttnhcr, at the age of II year
aud 0 months, one hundred and ninety se v. r
en piurt'ti. Mr. Francis, Ihrfnther of thai
boy, weighs three hundred and forty five. J
A family in Parliamrnt.-t. O'('ow '
ncll enters the Il sise of Commons alth4 '
head of a phalanx of six of his own re
lions. laurn'e U t.onnell, Ins eldial son,
member forTralee : Morgan O'Connell hit
aecond tan,: member for the county of
Mealh ; John U Lonnell, his third son, fif
Youhall; Christroiihiif Filisimmm, liitt , . ...
son in law, member for the county of Hub-
bo, W t. Finn, his brother 111 law, mein.
ber for the county u Kilkenny; and Mo
gmn John O'Comiell, hi neplww who wi!)
like his place from the county of Kerry.
HUNTING' EXPLOTTfJ." " ' "
Putnam well knoWn adventure i'ri 104"'
woll's den, ha sujiaealcd a record of (fit ,,
CdlowTng, which awared in Ihe last rmroV '
ber of tbe. Wenteru. Monthly Maaaiotb- -
They art prtttuuuc. auineatie v : -;r--; "
' iV. 1'. Paper.
44 Many vear ago, a French in iu, with
n's son. was hunting in a purl of Mis0urL
listaut about forty miles from St. l-. uii.
Having wognded a large Ix ar, the animal
UkW rofogo tw a cave, the aperture lead
ing into which, was so amah a buret to
dmit its paage. ,:. The- banter, . hvinj
tntj ton wrthew,ititntly'
low, snd with tome difficulty drew his Isv
reached the interior of the cave he diawl: '
charged hi piece with so true an aim ut
to inflict a mortal wound upsi Hit: near
The latter rushed forward, and piiiM
tho man," attempted tir-escape-from-tnt -
cave, but 00 reaching Ihe narrowest part
ol Ihe passage, through which it had enter.
ed with some difficulty, the strength of the
animal Cnled, and it expired. The en-
trance to the. - waa www vmptrtelje . -
r.t ised by the carcase of the annual. Ine
hoy n the eataida heard his father acrcaot .
for assistance, and attempted to drag out
the bear, but found his strength insufficient,
After many unavailing efforts, be became)
much terrified, and mounted his lather'a
horse with Ihe determination of efking
assistance. , There was do roadthjruugli-
the wilderness, hut Ihe aagaeinu horse. '
taking the direction to St. Louis, carried
the alarmed j oulh It that pl3ce,whrre par.
ty was soon raised and despatched to lha -
relief of tbe banter. Hut Uiey sear Che .
in tain for the place of hisrapttvity. Fronl
aome cause not now recoHected, the tract)
of the horse was obliterated, and the boy
in his agitation, had ao fur forgotten Ihi u
biudiiiark J as to: bar " tol allr;'Bnabl tii leait -v
thorn tdllia s.'vt. ' Tbcy rftlumfd ahrr a-
weary and unsuccessrur search . the liiin
ter was heard of no more, and no - doubt
remained of hi hving perished miser,
bly iu the cave. Some year tfW-rwardt.
the ajierture of I lie cavern was discovered
in a spot o hidden and to difficult of ac
cess as to have escaped the bv
tjee of those wh had paused near it.
NeaMhe"mo2thiran; thtTA"tePir rf
the bear and within the cave, that of ihtv
Frenchman, with hia gnn mtrijyttpmmt,''
all apparently in 1 the tame conditToh a.
wtjetji he ffQfi n MjiniqnaTO per.
ished of : nuneerTTrom to ef.
foct,h.i M'teimv-M-ted&'M 1 -the
hear, tcemt improhoble becaase aap
posing him to have been unable by main,
strength to effect this object, It would hav
cost him but little labor to' have cut .tip and.
rainovedthe aoiinal by piecemeal- It a -most
likely either that he was uff'cated, . .
or that he had received tome injurv, w hich,
disabled him" from exertion. . The"-cava)
bear a name which coinioemorate lb -event.
Tba othor citwmWiStK U f licit . f .
'- - t