North Carolina Newspapers

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-., iiti w.i'JtM ofiiKvj'ljj which fnl no respniae In the heart ol the citien, mil Uch will be evaded with little remorse.
' , J)r, Chainnng, : '
t Jn!l KV.VUKUA
KAMStl'ltV, nonAN'COUNTVf.N. C.....MONUA JLLV
. VOL XIV o:.m;;
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tuti. alt iiM it fnl il ki:!
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I J ,. it iImi. 9cr i if ilutr iiii ill
Hf mift Wl u-i ii r fftilii l'
j, , , rw4i I ii ihbl tl. in' i
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trttr--"'' hh' ll" f- ! I" I.S" i o
, j -4 lU- rminln 'I 'h'' !mi mi i4 ir
1 J.mr f t4 ifckl lU iIJ t4
- l7 Iiu il tli MM 'f ll'" I"' "
tenliMll lir rtiriili rffclrtt'S i f
!$ W S-uM mirfff it H" H
: j'jjTI ;..l )( M . K ill.l I l-XI i fMlf
) t n.iulir I, il 'i 4 n' lii jUrf I
fia u l utU Klr! i.kLl tr
M t I lhC1ll J I ,!t;ri.Jrwi. I
sif r I 'inFlraIrd a l niiiv l'.,,ir
if ny lKin,Mifll a Hiij"fiH I Itic
f mh-, a-i'ltipv win im;nl iM' li in'iu-
y 4 lif if I'l ( .irii'il , ! IH'I rtillllHil-ll f
iiT.lr-. I linr at.f Pr Im'- ; !
ri-rf uurl'Mi. TlK nr" mi et,
!? which ruri IhrpM'int'viinJ hdM
'j, i ' ii-iu i4im tyyi'ntn,
niii-l(ioi imhI in UiilnnU')7r
U iiuV?iti4'if hiWr Ltit ua umjfri
r hh.m k fn liiiiJ(i4i ; .
it ;,) iny sjurit nu'J georujdiciil diri
4mmun uf ihtsinjrtroui inlluwrc aiiumfl '
t r'l Mlwrvo.- (uvi (xiioin-l ' r.trt
l uim luMi, in iie j uri ulMvrih Camif
ki, has iiKin; i"lit in its CMincil.tlnii7
trrni rihrr;rHfimTttorrr tf irt
rXr. riuil l!ie M'iiilrCI cmn
I wy tlm-rof 15 l rulo nvt:r thorn; ai.d
iSnlliii-v of '.'U founder, do lint CDlitribulf
n4t-lfir -mf)'i- ftim ftqiml l clt
V'i'ettTrtd: 15 V :rtitlrv'dtfi1giiu' owl- ii'
far ir.ifw,njiin (ifTtK fust of ii-ii' iu .mil
rcHiugthc i-chr.lii uhich llirv jiniiiiiilnati1
fcf liw iiivrniniPiil' "Vf fitl'."' Tlial
lliiij, (imi'i'i rt.i'l I ix Istn lliinU of tii
Y ii! iho JSuif tr. Tlmt ilit" M i))lj ar!
Udl by tlinsr lnm tlioy ciinnol mil to
.iferiini fur tlirir r iliicti Tlmt nw; r
lw of them py the tnvps tt hinh another
ilfi u. And i.ow let mo a.k ymi, W y v
tin tin o things M'riiulri' In U' mi ' 1 call
frananswfr. 'l'lu w hic tmtcvila which
tf,', iini the lmr( iixsirtioti of liny one
.kuuf i4fmtt, - 'I'lH'y tcl tire httrt
If W'j.2etiHi of iarty ismliusinmn. 'I'liv
IffsnU r Irutlig, siHcr jiiibli! ul the clfan'i
Y"f, ami mndo pliu to the humlili't ca.
lily. I .vt im therefore rnprnuhfl en-
J'ury, ii v nr they allowed to continue?
lllie oppoMers of Refirri'i or,t nmnftillv.
indnk nut tlio real 'rulh.llioy must toll
thitt they can be -inniiitxiiH'd for no
K&4iutpixJhttjMu
of a nua.irriv ntnl't .ci,.lu ue a denial of
r. a IA.Umi IT l tlK people.
HurdnCtfc Uitu is Iiim Uvu w fiiint thni
l thai tlu so kviU evUk,!, bill they have.
"1m(iii In iiie rease in tlicir Inajjiiiltidfe un-
tlmrmter will deny iheir exisli.'iico. Yet
,1v ' 1 1 r i Spilt ii' f i 'I? t"s TifW e "(iijilolfave'iiK
VnnifK n'tiid a . remedy, 'fhefy who
frn'iei.t amajurity, 'huve ' profwswl thatj
tnr t'p (fircction of lawful authority,
the IVri- miht htJTfiiir"d tfl Vot6 " for
iixmitxt it Contention, and that xucli n
nf (i-er,iii's mi uthr be convened if a
f
j'Tity uf Iho people Toted lor it ; but
' im.i bi-rh rcjuctecl. i hoy have at
'-r litni-M suhiiiitKsl the pna "of calli:
' itivriifi hi. t. lui II, I i,. k : J
Miirn pan. -rit our l onstitiftfon
"Twit. v.They linve
P'K'inrntt (em-
V ,1
"Si.
M; I.1 aa-ji f-H I Urn UtUa(i'
v y J Lit X faia n, la.-aa.rt.a4 . aat a fa. 1 i
ai;s.,ra lata
tat j.M.lfl ahtrh
rt ,(t.a,l1, ,( , .
it 4 i f trf tut,, , r, ,,, ,. iw
i'lflftt t!tflll l lKa n i I
"' I r n f'r t, a Mi
oat f 4iri.il i in m , , if.e.il
I'H I I,M llpr.h. l ifti q la aulli
i' ul ll.l lirifl .1" l,i g.mmi fia4a I.V
IV I al.ail r- a it .4iTf .Uinil, Ull llir
( t,, i j. t a4i fi.f u M
'I); '' turn a I. i t,ji l -ti
Ii- 1. t I. f f-l-r. l, ! !fl i lP
Mi It '- . ". ,n .'ffc t fl!,! a llril
V h 1.- . I ii-g.t ( ii rirrL- hilars
I f '.I ,u '.,1. ii.iii. nl a MJ r.i.
i .i, n . I M ii ,!( , ,, ,,,
li.il' . I,,j( f,.- mim ra'liii
I'1' I r -if hf id, I ( ii- ittul lit i m
e f- ii,...t.i win. M::t:
M'l. .'. I rl h.r in Ui in
i. i . f ,. -i.U'i 41 la J. maii-li it I v r
ii. , r v - f jiuIk-a I.I A lire (nt i-r ft
" I' r-'Ji'tullSn l. ii t , Uil lit
. I. in' t i.l 1 1,- ,,(., ,,(" il. ,r li( '.
i :;n i u hm i;i.v i:-. a f.,.f ,i..,u..i
ii ,.11 u i.i. r i .ii, ni,.-,. ii nitiK'-l I if a
! Hi lni-, ti. , iu I iii-t iiu '2li'
I ! tmV lii:!i i4uHticl I y -Hil.!..
"(i."M-ti all i,i f Cik .1J. .riiti II im
4 l.mU lo tite-t ItiiUm rr-tMlnl iH op
irn lj"l uli :l to, in.l.l tin- pf, niMciHK
ij'thetr iVi nimciit wf thrr.irriM f, li-n
llwklslf .'..frf.i Ji-nVe irf 'a r-
liaiiMi.i, .M I !. r 'in 1'MMi' n lnil.e !'
i!r,it ( -J.it It.,-;, " liifi! 'iali rr ! ul l in'
1 1. 4. j i I f Hie a-iii,;-, 1 1 II h tmii'il i,
!;.' I le li-1 f ji A-'ii.h i -I N'.rih
III- ' i 1 ul.l li.it In tie e. i,, :n-fl In
I., , ' I 1 1 t lii -..(i ; m h I pi raftering
i" I-: .-.re tu id i m; r biiiioT bi iiz
iii'!.-ii in I f I nn tKi. tlun in die ii nnr
iiiit if it kinnrrh. ltii h"' re .win Ut
fil, Hint when I av.t i,f" daiii r, n On,
sl.ili ," 1 .'in I'ltwllv niHui'.ili to h think-
m? M 4mrfarf ami rtru wwr" W wtiMfr
lute c .i.iiiui:i.ii4 HilleKil anhng A UuJ;
ap may liiitc iliiiiiji'roiM etprriineotlt iiixmi
wrlitwrty otid ujvm ,th pernanciicy tf
n-jrirm inTiimiorn inintf cotirwry, wirn
Kit tlm Iwrukinj of iHitlca, fr Unngling-,
urMncin; ovrT't; . Tjie.'Btt tKTli:
uf "Ajuil Biitllii ij'j'jti'iittof fwer
liutyMmat iis tu wii',nt,ij jti-lipe aoJ ln.
nv I'tU'.i Uiitit llifl a,e.cf Imwi if il r "jvf.ple
aWlho vctMiil Irinn t!i Sii-mti lu;y
wilHieiiiiluccd IJasr their claiinji hv a
wit, tut . tJoriiui; Hi .tuatetifs and its
p.itvt-n' llirf cl!ifrotna maJmtuofthcvrA-
llc. . A rv i you rvnily to provii iULjwcUa
rour-wio4n-nnt'i't'W'iviiiil 'Aro yw
(uep:ired to Juiiioailrute that purh a . U p
UHiuIti Ik) o!u.ixiuui lu th pfniwj.iVt f .mt
(i .,-rmiieiit ? A re i he minority of North
l'iir.i!iiiu Uind In I lit coiin'quencM of that
i-oursc iiit'iwhlL'h tliey we forcing the m.l
1U m k mi e(wminHi irteo. inn my
.1 : ' , . . I TL . ' . ' ' 1
eriiliieilU uf lliu country Imvn lind tn.iU e
slita tci.t applied lu their pfrinaiicm y ami comtwl him to dniiiniiil the KiiirciHii r by
atnhiuty. it haadaiigcra which 1 ntteO niiit, would it he a coodaiicwer fiom n Hull)
iml depict to jui, and w hich 1 heartily ful agent ? " I will ive nothing thoiiii it
ileprocnte. But reimiiilK'r that n people be jiM, becuie you have dared to t me
who have been long denied their rights, I kimw I might ultinnmly be f.vreeil todoii'"
who havo utisiUTespfnllv made all the pr, It a uianbas come into possession of a not h
mmiiU tlmt are coiimsient with the practice j er's property by nccjdent.'in a time of coin
and theory 'f liw tiovttrnmei.u in this I mou danger, can ha honestly withhold it
country, are not the .most prudent calcula- from the true ownor, upon ".he pretence
lots of :.tiMti)(HiH'a w hen thev are -cott- that he is justified, because, the wvnnr will
lending ln- that whifh they have inherit 1 not go on lifs kiit:n and humbly ucaeech
ed in comiiMii with their brethreru.. hut
winch thov h re vet denied theciijitjmcnt of
-KQlfAI. RJi.lITj. - i -
Th(r friends of Reform have nn-.v tyken
whai we huow to be the I jst step belnre
they reach that pcriloiiH lnii,h' wliich 1
have hinted at. If thev i'ail here, I hey
MIT, or sesort to the csert-.ise of Ihe hi-
tan dnnsreroiis privilege of OIlltilN'AT
IMG 4 CiHiveiitiou uuMm.tlwuisclvM by.
ill'! vote5 of a majoiiiy. What then, is the
psrt of w is loin and of patriotism ? 'They
mure than 2") years : iis-rheir evil
laW''a'';''''tht'y'"'hnTe:
inands. Now, they have tunic with coo
fiileiice to tin: PiXM'LE, and invoked their
attention to the- things. Thev have up
peah-d from the SRV VTS ol tl-.n It
public to the SOVEUEItiNS o tlm State,
amino 111 mi .041 feci indnf "rent lo'thd an
swo'r that tliU iiiH!iil shall find, for none
can be iiinutci osiied in its consequoiio9.
The reauU ought not to prove, that a large-
ion of Nnrlli Carolina are prepara;! t i
maiuiaio .no may .o,,, ,.a,.
ern. xwir mseiry oukiii iiui' ici-um
lliat they, vhoVe fathefa yveronjH defy
1'ioiince thir"con!ik'nce in the capacity nnJ
irtua of the people, ami their allegiance
right of self government orj that
-oian" tba ancient boast of otir frco
- v-xhjit-" every: jneqiwliiy pay J
Pteif evils msy lie curM
action of the publie wilf."
III thta rtpeat ia'irWteil'iaTjierti,- fir : newsi,aierif w Tth-'aiFa Vovcrii-
'JHyr -
'pUdl fml,,, f.tl.fi,!
, -pfvtin "M "y'A'ftr
111. II I, 0 ,fjfrf , ,Nf,,
Cr4iliati.il) In im, err ami f c
if!i-.
t fpr rih'4 at out
ftni'rp kn rfri f Mihn . ; M( one, M h,
liy ,m, 1,11,1, ! UlUII f.H ntt, tr
i. ,,)... ,4 lMjr I w,.,
ra
' l"f", Uit I dire n tfif m If
U'ipip, that tin, nt y mil a.M f kiiIi.
lint. I I u Jo in-l.ii , u'fl mrrt the p-n,
..lii'.ily t4 mi , no i til, in ijnrtlv i-l'liie
(i.lw (,. rriial-.iiH'l to .lllilv' tl,p
'llil(i!ra nf ln if e.-trriiin-lit, ,
hwi .i r-tiPti.'iin aaii.i llill In i-,
laay 1-4 (win ill Hlirr luting tli. ilnl
l Mti r It IT .ilia I -Hill,;, mi Mjlml (,nie ill
Ida ti-rt i-rn-ix nl. ami iln-y Kijli.i.t (..ill ul
f. ta of ilnfij;'l win ii fie v Ii.iV" oikp rr.
loir I mi in "t.li u, I. ,fp !i,iii hi,, r of
lailfi lut" I lli-iifil l in'i- UJMlll IM' inn
.1 I' t jll-11 ol Una lilij iriM , ''Hot . ea.
iii. I'.f lin y ha- I Dm r; ht ami lint ymirrr
Ui UU' 1 1 A J Da I out i-iii HMi iin-l n .In
iIh-iiim U I gr.-atfv ih cumil, if it
a mil iplijipi .i prpaa tin e ii hji-
m lh- a'li iilinii of !if i- opli- i.i r1 ,i ii
(. otici.l u ji iM-li in Kileigh by ihe
n-pteariitnn. a o l,..e ho have ,'p n
loii' fluleij fimii a fuir aliaru in thr n
iriiiKK-nl of tie Sule, I may indeed he
mcliikpii, fur I r.oinol pjm' ili re culhtdrti,
Iml I lone r',tnf,a Id dm. h una ai,i
lint the iJoigil w.i n it turned ihiiu
li.4i, Int. nu IPhiI,I,c ait"iiiiiii to.ni aflrr
ii Ueui'iH' i huh Ii I'nroi-'d by tin; 1'ic.ii.
ie-uti:it I'Jcti in. Th iof ii.ilit.-i of .mr
roirw-iit id. mi r u- iniM'li jjrealer iIihii
Dirt . ru n that day Ihe lem n tq
f.iiii n ii"t iiuich rfliM'-r IlifoiiCeaiioin
huh arr nu lf:rfd ure inorj Mitral;
r,Hitjin oily, r tu-ol t accede to lliein
mil Ui inur Ii inure I'lll-iHite. Hence too,
ll.ff majority an; le-4 hkelr I' niihniit
"m
any fcfunl to do Hit ei j-iain c a:d the nun
mil
y will I e Iim cm-11-w.l.lr, fir micIi a
r.airaw. r or one, , ri men teu imatj
llu iga tut srttk ii an I in niy U(1g.i.etit,
fboHcrer Ii aiaat Jii-i iMirii-no may b ) i hat
mat) ta Mind lhe (.ym rT
lina, a wo! I na nrli)f irriit to tint d"iiAiid
of the inawt ordin.irj h" will, any
longer withhold hm aaMotit to n. just com
pmtntae of thiaapitnting qrir.gtuirr.
," J know that there aro ai-oio auionjyour
to a attruiii tUie.it .ua! vr M. ciuutiu
IUhcm W hat foroolh,l'a;.i liiia ax-.rih-
btcr eTpect toahjntt tue-into hj terms f
So my gooJiu'.itiy Lto an puch I cck
not any thinjr of ttMraort. - Hut t how who
wha are .ant .too., protd - ta tn n, wi
wooli taicmhcrtiew f the.priTtwt.J5f r(
JfetaoftrrthhuiditiJaU aJutUuJ right -wh
flrHtaiiMjiM'U and ih4 political coxcunlw,
way liud, lihiuk.ia tlii'x: lliuii juIjJ'
lr reilerttiitfftmt nrgttnirttls to convince
lliitin. Ki si n-isurrd' they htj not in. an:
for yon my liljjf: niottlorl frientfc .
; If an acnt wPtc called . fi. .10 jireouat
and aurreuder hi jiriw-er t)f. Attoniey, kiid
he refused if llnn the Vain pretext fhal his
iiraaiiMl liad accoinmimvd hia Jian.uid with
! luiu to restore it 7 Shall he pray tor it
'seventy times seven, and will not seven
tiuius linger inn pn 10 m 111s n-iguoor 1
Alas how long n ust it b true, lliat men
will perpetrate' injiiMicn in their political
relations, w hich they wolll 1 scorn to prac
Use in the private relations of life If a
rartnei$ii!j
,ih . ' . i ;.i ...... ,1.
l!n colli iiiiianci: i-jr 00 ve.ins io inu-is in .
ihe partnorstflo iiot furnish funds sullk'ieut I
! . cotrrj.
fluid are
yearly sinking their capital 111 '.0-1
iVaymg-these exponsea waill-rt trenw- j
lered iu-st in that two-thii'ds, fi refuse the
entreaties of their coparliiers h cOnsoid o
diuwiaii -iMiOsJpeiises vml ref .rm their ar-1
tieles accordingly. The answer w '.""
plain, and who is so blind as n t to ohrve I
n,p;ir.itlel to tins, in tho It .vernmei.t
111 111 t'OXCMllia I we 1. w .'
.some of the partners, whosn ub-tance t
let out bv this ruin mis coiwrtntrsliip, 00
not c implain, and yet .! es that, m any way
tastily the iiid.etimi of tliia injury upon
v .1. ,1 1:.... 1 11... .1 ....... I. a ..,,1 tl. ,t
those wn.i do
.. . . . .... 1 1 ..... 1
Jncomiil.il! 01 I" 'a iovJ hcoooi
of party, stinnilatcd by jialoify and 0 love
- . . . .. ,,.,,4
1-J
and c m-
cience aaswer the enqutry.
"'i'ajyirlakee of i$tnner'-TM ha
bits of our tjoVerninant, (says 'tr. JKfitiS
8QX, io a letter to Cob C.R8ts:tojj,) be
inrf the opinion of the pe iple.tho very first
tashiMildlieia keen that light; and
wCr it left to me to decide Whetiier we
sll'itild hate government- without news
''me!it, i sn um not, iicsiw'.ft a u"'"c u
HtW'taUnf.'
4 V Kj()-i nON'
"TPjTiXr TlriiTiillrltliilionM p 170"'. "
No. III.
TO TIIOMVS ItlTCflli;, r.8i,
(rollLtli.J
t nm rvw ti pruvn to joij, Hir, tbnt nub
!il,iii--n tlie mi'y uhhIi' in mIik Ii the
tianrp-iliotia .f :h I'l ih tal liiivetntuetii
nmy he reit' tl by lh" Siai", in accur
iliittc Hifh Ihn puiM'iph a of our rev-tu-tt-.n
tif 17!)-. Paring n yai tiMiy coit-anli-r
i!iim nii rpnae, I Ho not enter upon
ll Wilt any fi-nr, ultliou;'h I approach with
out fliHiriali of I, iini. la, ornnv oilier par
a le. 1 am a pi tin, pnu lirnl iiiiiii, nod ite
ire In atiit.' n'V opiniona in a manner
hu h other iiUni, iirnclicat men mil tin.
leralmid. ll am Ii ini-n are not (lie oriiu
wridt A' the cituitrv , tin v are at b-.i-t it
u ii ii i li aim fcu,inl. ami tl:e very x:-'
i .
Land ten iM-'oide p
l-iii .i eiijaicily all rcooniiig iiM.t; jxi
liln-.il aiil-j. rlt on-jlil to lie adilreae,d.
I lie ymi to la nr in mind the principle
which lime already Ut'ti Klated aa ihv'aei
hp fr'Hn Iho reaolutoma of 111)". 1'i-r
baw iair li- C'Hirw' ,, iro;i.eiling will bo
In t lie tUnn in d tail, a;id we wh' tliCr
nullification d'rf-a or duts nut Confirm to
firry one of liieto.
I. Tl " r a.'luiiors aaaert that there is
irie to,l. inliin ihe (.'oualilulioii by
wl'irh the u-airrmtiuna nf the FcderaHiov
errtmerit may Int rrimluJ by the JSlalea,
Now, it i Iniu thai niillinrutiim is denied
to bn a CoJitilulioiiuJ icuiedy ; but the
ntlthtVr jfrt th it it it rorisiitiitiiirml ;
an I I tpetitmn the point ouly to ahnw that
thny d i D"t jiiftntt li htcrl uny oxlra -ca.
'IUu'ioiimI or ii'i.'hiti'iiiary remedy ; uml
Ui.it, ao far, at J alJ, they ar within ihe
r-'hitt of 1 7 :-!- H hetiicr th;tr rem
edy iarototttirioii.il or iM't, MipjMisiiig ihe
prtnetp'r of ihp rra.i,t i ma to be ao, miiM
ep"tHl mi iomermrv with th"e prtrt.
ciplea in the anbx ipc nt prop'iMliu.i.s. SV e
rtmiatk, ihmeli.re, Ilia',
Q. 'I'liH reinedv lintst he rich ns t.i
' orrfnt ihe progress nf lh" i nl." Now.
. . i i . , . ., .'
,w (.11)lt(r , , L,.ur i(( nii,f mllllt
lie jilciiseii i i OMir in nuuo, nun nullilic
lion d-ie-i nal ir.aci'd up i-i any unmHiiri
nr. hut Ukki tlie riiil 1. 1 a f?iale lo Jf
rlurf ihut o wiro'tit'ttifitmat law realty
it to, end lop fuse olmluine lo il for Uutt
rriMov ..Jkbejou ti bear tiiu duitiiicuim
in niiaL Jf nuiliiicaiion nripofer-ny
thin nyee'rir le-fihau thhj I am it.i Wuf
Nuw, Sir, nut tin 1 iara of a Slate (io
deeidn on tie nstitiiuf immhty of an act of
ht'iori" of 17tWf -ftay,- haa not Virirua
iTii) a, if 11 1111 1 m-iliii-iii laws, and
ami in regaul
JijilTiCMrvci'y'tiiiirUvv-H llieuueKcaT U'e
nit mtVt llial ieH is lite inn.- Ami was
not resistance to such nuConsliiutloii ij Imv
di.sliiietlv cuiteiiipl.ited in the -resolutions
rf I'tU! I have already shown .Ihut it
wa and if any farther proof is iiet-c.tr,
it will b! found., 111 ill a biiiiduucc, k- ilt
iiddiess to tIio -M!opbi which accoin;,aiiie;f
thoHO r'"diiti... It- apjiears, then, 'that
1h! liftitvii'lt. pai . w iiieti nulb licat ion
procicils, are (01 the abstract) in strict
eimfortnitv wrttlt I'ttes' of the res-thttioitsdf
tf4rV--Ri tiWe- nilH4ptr,'t''l,tHt-
ted, must by limned M pialitied ky the
object 111 view. VVo are, then, to impure
wuether iiullili:alion dia's, or doea not,
"arrest the progress o the evil.'' The
evil is tlio cxurcisaof an uuinij power:
n'Jlhfio iiioii declares that the uui jod
S(ter shall no longer !e obeyed. Is not
thm the beM ol all possible niodes.-if nnt
the nao mode, in winch it coo be ' arres
ted l'ertittps it is -net trx great n ferine
incut to khv, that the "arrest" here Cm
templated, is of the t.vi p-ition only, and
of 8 utbrjtittf p,)(rfr. 4ju Mm
words, it is not designed to put down tin
IVdi'ml (ioverniiieni nor emhai rass nor
impede its legitimate Oieration; but si 111
.K to prevent it from exercising a power
I"
which does notlielotig to it. Hence, no
' .. I
, , .
in iv measures which miiv siiii-
m, ,1(S cieoo f that Government to
(-,,.,,H. llstlti,oii tnti.-t all go 0.1 ns be-
wMm ju , (1, ii(nji lliymj ,e
stltlltio I tn'ist be " arretted, " Now, this
is precisely and peculiarly the eilcct of
.,h,i; , n -ri t .iir Am J; "'i ' ll is'
.IIS very gr.Mmd tint voil"aud others
Hw, 'hyth).v ussailod that doctrine.
V ai sav- thai it is alwur.I to iireluud
that a fJtalo ranba .1 the Latoti and out
rofthe I;tiim at..l!ie same time; and t'.mt it
is m'Mistroiw in a .State to cimtoiid for all
the advantages of the Union, as to curtain
law?, while she refuses to submit "to the
buriiH!iis'i;uposed by oilier laws. Nollim
iFTiature Citn be more perloctlv self-vi-
d;m tfriTn""tftt this.- It " TTfiot wrprishl"
finifii 'ilia s4wwl-JafekHVnie4iurtt-ut
intellect and information should bo deceiv
ed bv such a suierliaial view of the aiib-
j'et but we had a rjglit to exjtect better
tT.1iTirf7tiV ieteraif m politics, lite yoi'if
self, henieniber, Sir, thai a law beyond
the Constiiuiion it no laic at all, and here
is no right any where to enforce if. -A
$jite which rcIisea lo subrnit to siicfj 4
pretended . law, is strictly within the Un;
ioo-lfcause she am ntrxtt oveAieuce to
lepmtimlX"'X''U'atWirV3i lay'
tl.qf Ktin ,l refosea to aiilunit to tm Knr.
eus iaipse by any uw which i ior
t. r i.T.i T1er. tlipn, yn'i have a
wa-y ii. iaiaj,, i(;iJJ-a(ailua a nTaWninara Win -trai -
n fun: i iiinliiif iiIcmi. ii accurn to the
Stilts tlm rigid fi remain in th" ('niorti
and to enjoy up, )f advantage which the
Coiiililntioo and lnA-a can ul!-rd xubniit
ting, at the aatne time, to all which that
'onlilttit"n and law r!hlfnlly njoitt)
while it "arrmtii the progiciV'ijf usurped
x,wer, by ileslroying ihh oltligatloti tif
every pretended law ahirh the OtrtiHtity
(ion due not aulhor'ue, and v which,
lliprr forc, in mit law. II tliii i not the
meaning l I'm reaiitiitiutiH of 17!H, I have
much iiiHiiiiilcrliKi! them, ll ia precise
ly iimmi tint (Miiut tlmt llii' puM.c mind ol
Virginia hua la en most ntrangtlv minhd
by lint iiiilh'irily of the Pi'i'MiIcnTa tinnic,
and tht! "peci"tiHes. of yiHir paruirrndi'".
Yiill owe I hit M'0ile H he.ny tlelit f ri
paialMin, winch I hone yon will lie to
- 'i. 'J'liia b'atU ii. to ,ilie miimiimI ohject
ol the resolutions ol li!), ttimn H "to
niiiinaiu within (lie limits of the ropeclive
MiUes, ti e ai thoriliea, rej'ius, rial lilier
ties Bjipi ftaiinii'g to the,-!,." I ltive al
ready sh-iwn, in in v n eoiid "iter, that
ihrse uiiilior,ties, ri'litf, and LlaTties,
ale not in- rcly tlins- which U-lopg to ev-
erv fovereigii Slufe, and which 11 my be
enjoi-d 11a well in a Hta:u of separati ai as
111 league Willi oliii'ta, hut, also, all the
... .ii 1 - . .-,
iniihotitic, ngnis- aim niienios wnu-riiue
Elates n;e enli'l'-d lo, under the Constiiu-
I iml, and a mrm!irx of thr f'n',01. No
late, therr Tire, ni l possibly e(f i t this
object of the reilut tons of 17IH, li any
iris;(ling which rilhit vihl r.iu-x her
fi-oid the Union, or u-tuktiulurju.it Hjtu
litre in if. -. -- "
The remarks oflered ttnder the prcce.
litijf h;al, apply with erpml mrce and pro-
pf.fty lo 'his. lou' Oiid the 1 lesplint
both; aay, that- it r arroganw ttiitl pre-
sumption in a irUi'.e to insist on retaining
her place and inilui nee 11 t!.o I'niou,
wl il" tilu r fuse t fihail! to a part of
Its laws. A J. Hilling, ar'aii', tdat this is
ieifei-llv In--, re-av-eititig Hint it can
not npj! to tlie refa-ai of a Sritr to -oh
mtt what is ver law, I h;iv to n--' von
hew it i.s possible for a State to " maintain
her authorities, rightA, and lilrHlioOrx
fR5f-!irifhm'til
0(0 $ftift,onri vstt nirmbrr'vf thr tin
ltd jftifra, ti the usurpations' of the I'ed
oral (lovcrnment, or by an npjieal to arm's?
i iVratr"'yco,"Sir,tii ailijfhtun my under
atiiudinj opon tjhi gujij'tctw? If Toritlnot
hoT. tne N..riiftjolher niodfl of jiroCi CiJiu-f,
t tiilio it lor Viaoli d dial no wi eltiJ niuu
At all event, until It ahall be done by aome
WW -tl''favimu he commMlmJ to. con
! ' "... l-n. AA' L'r If .I-.1 t"i
llliue 1M.II1X prcaein (ieiri f WBIJ.IilP
meaning and object of the resolution!) of
were'irt tr!nttimtt, 10 resist '.uCirsjfi'piij"
U.Mis i lrlm Federat tJiiVurwiie'oi by aooKv
mean which, s jhww linu t!nU 4t Hii.
r.i7 tlie rril, xh-mlJ irc.n rrr t!te Viiioa
unbrol.ot, I 111u.1l If icrimtti:d l, think
that nullification, if it does 11M attain these
lohjei ts comph tcl, cuiuca inucli inarer to
it thi.11 nny otticr pr-icecilmg winch has.
yet 4j c .proiv4l J tiioWi -Sir that
y.00; od hntnireit s4'rfher , liuve1 ami
iha roaolutiuiis uf li'Js have been insuu
dcrUui. 1'erha.pa --- li -i trt-4beif
to'tf JMmtl?Wr'H?5J. to iMOa-aVIHl 1)1 iftk
crs like tne, to he extremely idiuiiaijd.jt
is our own construction vf if ulone yyjiivvliX
luisforiin.il our principle, let it is raissi.
hie that it may hide soinn meaning dcejier
t ii & ci wo have been able to penetrate. I
pray you to lell us what it is. Op nol
content yoursell with the tiii-!oky only,
uut let u.i know the precise extent of our
rights, and the prciiic'tjjxljMAlk(lt
may be coastiluliinttl'it " "rt':Jtccurdins;
to tlie rexulutiii.i of T JB.
It has not escaped mv attention, that.
according to ihosfl ieolulioiis, iho Btato
interposition which they coiiteiiiilarr Is
not nUihorr. Hl, except m cases ol "ilelib
erate, palpalile, and tlangerotis exercise of
lowers not granted." It will I obvious,
iiowcver, to inteliects bss cli:ar tinin your
.1. -.-.. i:l. c...,
L'rec, the piiucipb; upon which StutJ rc
jsistancH is jusiified, nor even the tnotle in
which, it iiwv lie e xc rid. It - merely
poui'sTiuTThel for tllrt J"
pliralion of the principle. And .il will be
sullicic.it hero to rental k, thai, Hccoidinu
lo yir own tliwry, wliich in Ibis resn.-ci
the errhisirejitilzefivjtiK'lf, ifhethrrlhe
munprtion is dchbrriitc, palpdble 4' dun
geroiu, or tt. ll tdbuvi, ol wuese, that
no objection to nullification etui be derived
from tins view ot the subject.
I have now, Sir, to presetif to you di
lemma, Co.mecteil wilh this iwrt of our
im, .iries, and to ask you in what maimer
yon pVope tscape its horns r
S sith Carolina says tlmt un uncon-flitu
trWvl' Wt 13 vo1d,lfrtr sfm f he"Virgffiia
1&iiiIiwiii
each State has a right to dScide for itself
whether a law ia const i tut ioual or h it, and
ao say the ---Virginia Ri-solation i South
(.'aroliua, in the exetc:seor this -iglit,1ias
dtlared that tlio tantrfaws KJR Uuconati
tutional.and so sjiy the Virginia Resolutions
of and , 1829, (have forgone 0 the
date;) aniaailr Ritchie, a kt - Tup.
How. tlien,raB yot eountenance the I'resi'
dent, in mfyctinf the. cti;ttt of South
Carolina to the tvrori f'r iSr Iiihmiitinir
I ut n.,.,1f L. i. u fn L .1.
vtifHononi&epurt tfVii fitkrtt Cop-
- A . .I r . ,,- - '
trnmmt 1 Do, Kir, in fiiv to our oppiemdT '
irr 1 w--J&3UfrWrr- ' tit' tii. in. an-f Jiniaaitfafuifc aaiiaisJSiaiiawl
piius, anawer Una miuaiioti tou will
not anasier it, (Kr laViuiie yntt cAjtsof
nawrr it, without eonvjetintr yreirHeif of
inconsialency. Tin I wii t ffiot K--for 1
do nol mean to ullow you uny refuge front
tliia dilemma, oijtli Carol i It. ia'jilhjr .
right in her pF.cee,!uigS (prior iplea np
all,) or else ahe w wrongi If blie ml:iiT,
tin-it there enii lie no pretence whatevcf
for innkfiiif war upon lier ; it ahe ia hhii:
hmr dort tint fort uptar ? Il 18 iidniitlej
that the other fstu1ts, co purtiea with her
to the CoiUitiiutioti, bate iiot aaid ao t
t'otigremi alone, ami the rresiilent,or fath
er the b'ltlirftl (Jorerifiiirtit, hut tfiid it. '
Do ymi, Sir,atkiioli.ng(, uny aurh rip lit
in the Fcileiul (I'ovcrmiieiilT la it not is r
fei;t!y dear, tlmt if mii-Ii rijjhl enirfr '!
I'ederal (iovi rinneiit is an upH-lhilr tri-
bull!, W4llu ftiM'tn TO.UKt'lbli, HI-111B
LtsT I1BSOUT, I rOX Till! Cfc.sjsTlTI TIi. NIL
11 v of iriow x aits? Of, what avail is inn
right of u Slate to pronounce that an tin,
constitutional act ol C'ongresa ia realty t
II Lonsrress may overrule lliat decii n la
not this, Sir, the very essence of lliat Con
v.lidatioti iigaiu-t which the Virginia flea,
olutions, MiiUuoii's Report, and your ewit
taumttle laliort, have ao long contended T
Itia iiiipoKsiiile, then, Irir vou to iiisiily
Congress and the Tresidcnt, ea aj,t by as
aerlin;, aither fhal (amrta tinty pverruto
the tlecismu of Niiilli larohna, upni a
(piextimi touching tin ir 7own powera, and,
by the sume rule, may overrule tlie deeas
1011 of every oil.-er fctme, and ibus liKMime
tfie 'nJi jiith'riidf the ettmi tif their oirit
power; or by ar-scrlmp t1inr: itiiy -6Tv" '
riwiaiKioii'iiuii 7 rninrreun VIICOIIS irilllonut
trt'r.v Can ymi, iSir, cM-apo this rlifficu'tyj
without obid.Qiuia.i'ifiiry primunla.. tbr.
vhich mtt have i-tjes.t! tq-crnileiid for '
niirty years r 1 am ec.eei:ingy box ions' !o
know 111 what mauiit r Jon w ilj do ittiv'f
mvscjf, I ran' discover ln.t one o a blei
hop hole o ftreat, and even tlmt I v. ill
endeavor to closa upon vou. IrCbcivn
this, howctcr, for a Mlececding letter.
" No. IV.
alOlttS-liart-Jktft
vmir nomtion, a proposition vrtipliappf,!tr9 ' ' "
to me to pluco you in cousiderubfe ditieU.
.....j t 1: ... ., . .. .. ' t
lyihM mm in urn ois m 'it irtpetji-ct
g 111 sist eney wit !i .bi? clia
tiicarw fM escajie, tiirougli b-ar of eoiumij; . 4 . ,:
lneir,hir. ti t. au.y Wn:R;ib v'-'i 1 -''.,.'..:
couriicV (bte.viiijr'-'fhal - yiinu alreadjt' "-r Jr'
deferinined on puvmuW it.f I nnx t d "i
tpfwtil.- - - - -1 '
- " ... --"-
- I mt- Will -nerb ri ri " tn it 11
. ,--,- Vj ' rr. a
1 1 . . .
stttttliotmlrl rut HH-htrbrCwiai Os4 yet it
... ..... .n...T . 1 1 . r . -..
the. President and (Jiui rpena. Ik a
which I Imvo alrwidv alluded la aa r,,i.
lwWittBrdhVdra
oir, ir may lie usotui ur you m knowt,h.-if
ar.trcat uiaiiy of iho wno4-.MiA!wiii
jWrDTifi?a:t it, rn'r
r TCiitrwinrr,TinTii trrPacTis tT'i" -oT; t-
f. rll I ; ... j . I
Irwillanrteurtifuow t.f-hoWyoii tiiui ' e
is no, sort iut rta4iin lor sVouratina 'u e :
and Tf I slutuld succeed in this t IT r! ,
may rtly lipon iOIiat a vitst tmeir v no
are now in your ranks will de.it l Vim.
I attirm, thcrelorvj that fl e R. i,lu't
iir 't).'i it
SI ... . 1- r.
fo obey that law, vutil thf olheria t
shall Mu-tim its deusion, J ditii,,. f,y(
a.wr f.c irecisr. rcrcrne. .i'liis. I $ uDt
not, Iliall prove. . ' ;
, I presume will readily lw'uduJu,,!.
thal M idis-ai's Ui ort.;whicb Wna Fivi.l.i
et le'HJiiutiewj, imtmatonulnnmo Bfl KCt 'rJr .'
stt prortoimeei to to i3nr;iri3riturt..;at,T(flri-r
tk other Siiiift tttttll hnrr vimtioticd it$
Ji-daio.,.; .This, it a ;eru4riia,'.. juiht
ex.reely to sustain tln resolulifHis, ft ' '
iair inierpreier or tHeiKjueauiu ' "'"Mint
" where- retort inn.tW huA : . r . -
. T naiuiiM
superlof lo the amafrTtj l-Srl, thu -
n-i ,-tlAa ltuJ.i-ivd..fu.w. ..... .. .1 . . '
llie latit, fesiirtl Wheiiior liTe f.,i,- T." u' '
has b. en pursued or Vhrf.itul p10u . ds , .
; uv.hi'.L.i, un it, utiiiif 4ini wr
li.. ... II. n fc
i?ia,teJ.iift.jctfitettfMiitniar. Colla,rt tn,A ia .. 4..'
Miiyrinuiim-recaa,ll)trilUnil( .
ineir aumonty, to 7 tkctasU Tl -w
ht'ther liitj conipact ttiado ly them be t
obited j aud, coiwequetitly , tii'at, as the p f- - '
ties toft, they 1nust.ke1.ie, in.thr c ,
aorf; Buch fjueMiotw as niay be of sudi ,. t ' v J'
iiii.gmtudn 10 require 'that mterpoMi,,, V -
1- com iiiis view tt tiie rcaolutioo, it would
"Oeuiiiieviiceivuble fhut at Mm m..i..
just disapprobation frbiri those who, Javih
... . vvkhu misutuiiofi; Khali taiitiiilv -an4
accarately iiitcrpnH the tB.an.n- oY '
!!S!sillJl the ileliu'ala,
- J jda"Kt!" Powers, V.hly
withheld by, the Cou-i.tuiioti, ekj aJl
justify the partiea o ,t, j0 interitaiinig, rr-'
ea aofarasjoavertlie pnrcas f tl.n
eviliuidihereby td preaem t,e C0!ti.
tution iliitHt;! WeDasloyrorite for ti
', ("tojfe'Jlwra VMiki . U
an end of all relielt Imui iiKnr.,l
ika l....1...l - . . . - -
right iCai
f-eco'viiani iHultf aU Hit ,SlaM .
r.
:l
n
ft-. ;- 1
- . s" .
.Mir"-
. ,-.i. ...
.t.rr.
,T:.-.-x-;-
11. -.Vi.
T
!. 1 '
1. f
v,j. ,
1 r
v, ... a ... j
V '1..1
t J t
..,a,,.--.
. ... ' : v.- v
.... - - v--V ' "' .' - .-.''-...: ? f 1 -.'.:.' '-,-"-;''-.." 'A, . ,
y-:-7-'A--'-:'-,---,--' -, . '.::. . - . . , . u, - . ' , - '.- : , '- r t
3
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