ER 7, 1833.
a. ujir nv
MS aT iho IVciJen, f ift,,-
' 10 both ltmii.. . iL . .. L.
Of Tlir RrnATB
u IJou.i or IUpreientatm
i me Mined M.ici have conf.,1,,1 . I t t...:
lating for th
i'Y the favor 0f j,
Rrattitair vou 0n th, h. " .? " plewire lo .on-
Hnil iin O our h. I..l .............
Mi IWi.... l -;"-"
" aee rei. .s.k'I.r''. ""J
ihe lab, ,.r . '"V ." " our .
t ! r m a. I ...
'"ih nd icr., . I' i ' ' . . . '""'"" nilury
'""i 1 nO If tiitw.rnl.t.. iL ..
P"'u it h,
t . ! i . '"'""if7 inj! 11 hot rk
fr "d.hipt and l.brrl in-.rsr With all
"'' niirdHi,,,, . . .L .... lk r.ihr con
7'n'5 "d respect which 'ue lo the ck 4,1 thr
Amrrnan People, and - ' Policy o juS( ""J ' CDngrmul
to the spirit of ih4 Ju'uti.' .
In bringing ' Vur notirr thr -trt'cti'ar 4te of our Y -'t'?n
- Titr -ff'-rdi mf "tifica'ion m iuform yuu
thai thercc in a con'l",n which nrnmie the cootiiiiiiticc
' cf frenrtuhip with jjl Nation.
HithOrrai Hrirjin, tl.c inifrrsiing fjuestivp pf .our Jorlii
riirrn rfrmnrtn-'y rc"nVTh Mn"'un'l- cidrd. A nrnrintiun,
however, upon ht nljerf, hni tern rrnrued lime hc
clc of the laM fi.nrr ; and a prurMM,:iioo hai bcrn sub.
roitttd tj the P.riiiih ; i rnmen:, with the virw of et..
Ilihm, in r- nformny v ith ihe 'rtuii n of the rVrmr.the
Hoc drsinmea by the Treaty of 7H. Though ro di finite
un&wcr ha been rrc'ued, w mav tr Uilv t. ok--d lo, ami I
entertain a liope tht the ovi iture mav ultimjitly lead to a
atUfjctory artjutm nt of thin imp rtant matfr.
I have the .tfif inion t' iri'rrm yoth.t a nrgoriation
which, If dciire of the House of rprcni:-t;vt,wj r,pni.
ed, mm vr ao, with the V,riUh f Jovrrnme nt, for thr
"tT c, oni.ijit-hmn- rn the Raha'.n:m,l a been inccen
: v-The vt ok, when completed, together with thae
'I Y United S';ite have eonitnirtd on tV wtatern
;K;'.Jp rWf'.'Culf of Florida,!!! con'ri-te mert'ially to
.4 .T. P'K'OI o mat tea, i r-yaiiaprfrrrTpafmn in
.VI?A1iJWl,r beneficjal to cm-
tncrcfc, U-worthy of two cnliglitrned Nat!oo, and indicate
Ver, that the dodumenu,
,It fieceaiary lo Kate, Ipiurcd, condemoeJ, or burnt
cept certain liota of veje eiamination and liquidation
at tea, proper to facilitAcd in the itipulallnna of the Con.
of the reclamation cje aixth article, France engaged to
vcmion, and which JTiter Ptatea by the intermed'ury of
communicate to tfcpritcdy appfitd for by the American
the Legation, thi under ioatruciioni from-thi overn-
harge de A IT been comrfluokated and thl detay, It li
ment, have Bill oereatarity prevent the completion of the
-apprehendeyi to the Commiaiioocrs, withia the time at
du'iea aatrihed by Iw.
p'eient lona for delaying to communicate theie document
Thlxcn explicitly stated, and thi ii the more to be
hayfrd. a it ii not understood that the internoaition of
Chambers ' 10 nX rnanocr required for the delivery of
nder tticae circumtancea, in a eaae to important to the
Intcretttpf our citirn, and tr the character of our country,
and, under ii)ppointmei4( o utieipected, I deemed it my
du'v, hoevtr I might reipret the genera! asturances to
hirh I hve adverted, no longer to deljy the appointment
of a Miniilrr Plenipotentiary to Pari, but to despatch him in
k-uioii to communicate the result of hit application to the
Trench (Government at an early period of your aetaion. l
accordingly appointed a diatinguithed citizen for this pur
poe, who proceeded on his miaaisn in Auguit lat, and was
preaented to the King early in the month of October. He is
particularly initrucfd a to all matters connected with the
prrf rjt posture, of affairs- andl -iadulge the- hope, that; with
the representation he is instructed to make, and from the
dispositions rnanifested by the Ki g and his Ministers, in
their tecent assurances to our M'mistrr :st Piis, the subject
will be early considered, ai 'I f.nt is( uctcnly disposed of, at
the neat met fig of tlve.ChamLcra.
A thw su'ijrrt involves inportsnt in'r"?, snd hss at
tracted a considerable ahare of ihe publie att'-iitinn, I have
deemn'l it pri prr to make this enplicit statement of it actu
al condition ; and should I be disappoin'cd in the hope now
entertained, the subject will be again brought to the notice
of ( ongress in auch manner a the occasion may require.
The friendly retati ns which have always been maintained
between the United States and Russia have been further ex
tended and strengthed by the treaty of navigation and com
merce, concluded on the Gth of December last, and saactiba
rjl hy the Senate Ixrfore the close of its last session. The
ratifications having oeeoncXxhanged, the liber! provis
os the treaty are now in lull lorce ana. oncer the eft-
y-X yM"p Mch rohave.t JwppyonHnnce-jjo
- ' their PtVaKitlonsjJt (s gratj.f j jogta, the Jieoda of
lioth percerve'tbat tfie mtcrcoune between the two People
i becoming daily more extensive, and that aentimtHta of
is-t- "'MMuii uumi I. "".. wnMininrnrjconamon
n'ui--i"Fifi'ait uttoic nuo'tci on escn
aide, not only unsettled quesijons may be sattsf t rtorilv tcr
minntel, rnt nesv tmpi f m-iunderstanding pr t vented..
Notwithsta-nd'CTth'r ! -Wntttae w: rcrrive thi r mast ami-'
cable, assurances from tne ('veipme.nt of Fran.;e, and thai
in all otbtf res-ettlK-mwtfriemllrcblions c ii.st between
that the atijidhiions of the Conveutiui t j'ldudct n the 4lh
Julv, 1831, remain, in some import int part, m. fulfi'led.
J?v the teconcl article; of jh?tC.o.m;cnuto,.it )sk aiiuLted
tlfialt the sum payable to the I'nitrd St'ifs .tuld he paid iit
Tans, in,slvaunualJnulnuai,-iotj the hands rtf s'uch"per-
tonr pera-os as should be autlv-riied by the (.lovernment
of the United States n receive it ; and by the same article
'the first IflsTiln'uiifw'j jykLTc on thc"5l duy oU February,
"r833. By the "rt or f'oni;rcss of the nth July, 1833, it
"'was"made the duty of'tHe-iVeiiuy of tT,e"Tre?snry to cause
several instalments, with the iuuicst thereon, to be reo ived
front the French IJovernnwM, and transmitted to. th inited
States, in such manner as he may du'm best : and, In- the
same Act of Congress," the stipuL'tons o; flu? p;irtof the
United States, in the (Convention, were in all respects ful
filled. Not doubting that a Treaty thus made and ratiti";!
ly the two (Jovernments, and fattHfullv executed hy the I '.
Htates, would be promptly cr.mplied with by the other p-rty,
and desiring to avmd the rsk nd expense of irtermedi'ite
apcncici. inc occrciarv o live -1 tcitsutv i rrn ru n wjvisaoie
to .receive and transfer the firt instalnu-nt by means of a
tiratt upon tne T rencn Minister oi 1 inance. cirait nr
this purpose was accnrdingly drawn, in favor of the Cashier
of the Rank of the United States, for the amou nt accruing
to the United States out of the first instalment, aiad the inte
rest payable with it. This bill was not drawn at Washington
until five days after the instalment was payabl at Pari, and
was accompanied by a special authority from thir President,
authorizing the Cashier or his assigns to receive the amount.
The mode thus adopted of receiving the installment, was of
ficially made known to the French (Government by the Ame
rican Charge de Affaires at Paris, pursuant to instructions
from the Department of State. The bill, however, though
not presented for payment until the 23d day of March, was
not paid, and for the reason assigned by the French Miuister
of Finance, that no appropriation had been made by the
Irench Chambers. " It is riot known to me thst. up to
period, nny appropriation had been required of the Cham
bers ; and although a communication was subsequently made
to the Chambers, bv direction of the King," recommending
that the necessary provision should be made for carrying the
Convention into effect, it was at an advanced period of the
session, and the subject was finally postponed until the next
meeting oi me onamoers.
couragejnent which they have received, a flourishing and in
creasing coaamerct, yielding ita benefits la the eDtcrprue of
both cations, affords to .each, the jut,rccrunpcae oX wise
metiorrs, and adds new mutivea lor. that mutual friendship
which the two countries have hitherto chtitaned "toward
each the?. "- '2 rJ.'.nrL-' -I .V.-(-
pltslTurds. me peculiar at'sfactiow to state that the Govern
rnmt OT fpatn Tras at ttiijin yietireu to tn jmiwi t"-i-!
which have been so long urged in behalf of our citiJi ns, and.
has xpresi4 a wiILagac. m iruvidaaindcouiuicauyn, as
soon as the jroper amount.san.be .?.!"' t. J up ju .Upon thi
latter point,- it ts pmhaMe an nodciTMnriing had takctr place
between thr- Master of the- i Jr.Tr4 Hraes and - the rpan isft
(loverununt, Ijclore the decr.iT t '.he late Kuig of!Spain4
and, unless t'nat event may Iwvc tlc!.yed it completion, there
is. fcjs.00 to .hope, tiiavit may .be iu my power .to a-nouwee lo
you, eaTty; in ;j; 'nurprjrstrnt ,t;s5iqn,.,Xn!; :cor,clusvon:ot Jt con
VerVtion" upon terms not lrs favorable tlin t!ose entered in
to for uoailar objects; with other .nations. . That act uf jus
tice Would well accord with the chur tctrr of tpaiu, and is
due to the Un'te'd'Ptafes from their ancient friend. It could
not fail tostrengirtrn the STTt'iments of nmity antf good will
bet w'rrrj Ihe "two' hit rntnr, whrch if is sft'rhucft the wfsh ofthe
United States lo chlrih, aud to truly the interest oi Loih to
By the first secion of an Act of Congress passed on the
13th July, 1832, the tonnape duty on Sptniih ships arriving
from the ports ol Spin, was limited to the duty payable on
American vessels in the ports of Spain, previous to the 20lh
( (ctober, 1817, being five cents per ten. The act was intend
ed to give effect, on onrhiet"to an arrangement made with
the Spanish Government, by which ducrimiaating duties of
tonnage were to be abolished in the ports of the United States
and Spain, on the vessels of the two nations. Pursuant to
that. arrangement,-which was carried jotolTect uu the part
if Spain, on the 20th of May, 1832, by a royal order, dated
the 29th April, 1832, American vessels in the ports of Spain
have paid five cents per ton, which rate or duty is also paid
in those ports by Spanish ships ; but as American vessels
pay notonnage duty in the ports of the United States, the
duty of five per cent payable in our ports by Spanish vessels,
under (he Act above mentioned, is really a discriminating
duty, operating to the disadvantage of Spain. Though no
complaint has vet been made on the part oJf Spain, wc arc not
the less bound by the obligations of good faith to remove the
discrimination ; and I recommend- that he Act be- amended
accordingly. As the royal order, above alluded to, includes
the ports of the Balearic and Canary Ulands, as well as those
of Spain, it would seem that the provisions of the - Act ol
oongress anoulu De equally extensive ; ana tnat tor tne re
vessel or their cargoei may be modiled or discontinue d at
those lalaods, lotimatiotia have been given to the rpamaii
Government, that the United States nay be obliged to resort
to such measures as are of necessary self-defence and there
is no reason to apprehend thai it would be unfavorably re
ceived. The proposed proceeding, if adopted, would not Uk
permitted, however, in any degree, to induce a relaxation In
. ir ' i . . ir . . i . r -i. ! I.
tne cuons oi our iwinisier to cneci a repeal oi mia irregula
rity, by friendly beg6cialion; and U might acrvr to give
force to his representations, by showing the dangers to whi .lt
that valuable trade is exposed by the obstructions and bur
thens which a system of discriminating and c juntcivaiimg
duties necessarily produces.
The selection ard preparation of the Florida archives for
the purpose of beii g delivered over to the United States, in
conformity with the royal order, as mentiooed io my last an
nual message, though in progress, has not yet been comfit
ted. Thil delay haa been produced partly by causes which
were unavoidable, particularly the prevalence of cholera at
Havana j but measures have been taken which it it believed
will expedite the delivery of those important records.
Congress were Informed, at the opening of the last sessroo,
that, " owing, as was alledged, to embarraroeota in the fi
nances of Portugal, consequent upon the civil war in which
that nation was engaged, payment had been made of only
one instalment of the amount which the Portuguese Govern
ment had stipulated to pay for indemnifying our citizens for
property illegally captured in the blockade of Terceira.
Since that time, a postpooemeot for two years, with interest
of the two remaining insralmentswas requested by tlie Por
tuguese Government j and as a consideration, it offered to
stipulate that rice of th' United States should be admitted
!.. n i .1.- .im- .In. .-a a It r n- ili .in riri Ilirinc
satisfied that no better anangement could be made, my con
sent was given and a royal order of the King of Portugal
was accordingly issued on the 4th day of February last, for
the reduction of the dutv on rice of the United States. It
would give me pleasure if, in speaking r,f that country, in
whose prosperity the United Statea are so much interested,
and with whom a long subsisting, extensive, aod mutually
advantageous commercial intercourse ha strengthened the
relation of friendship, I cculd announce to you the rcstora-. ..
tion of Its internal tranquillity.
Subsequently to the commencement of thi last aeision o;
Congress, the final instalment payable by Denmark, Under the
Convention of the 28th day of March, 1830, was received. .
The Commlswonerafor examining te
'rmnate'd tJbcTHa h'ave been paid at the
Treasury a they have been called for. The justice" render-.
ed to our ciu-iens by. that Government, izbua-rortipieteJ,
and I pledge is thereby alfvrded lor-4l maintenance ot thai.
friendly ioiercouAtf&rrmpr.e relation that the two n
tjgnaaulvvtty ticar lb each other. '
It lausuciory to mlorm you .that tne uaaisn uovern-
ment have"receotlr1ssued"n ordinance by -which t"he rem-
"viu niin mv miuu ui m. tttii i hoccu Ob m more lllt
eral fuoliag than.hcrctafote. - -.Tlvia t ban-miini - fH .
pxavtbcncficial to the trade between the . United iSuua aiuL.
that colony 1 and the advantages likely to flow from it may
lead to gi eater rclaxatiuna in the colonial . system of cither
l'he ratifications of the Convention with the King of the"
two Sicilies, have been duly exchanged, and the Commit-
. ir -l i . j 'i
iHtuci ippuimcu iui amininj uic iiainii unurr 11 ti"
teeed.upcto the duties assfea to them by Taw. rhe friend-
ilnp that the interests of the two nations require oi them be
ing now etiiabliahedy uniayLhul tlva4tK-will enjoy the
btfrcfits; which a liberal commerce should yield to .boih.,..'
"A treatv of amitv and commerce between the U. States
nistry, that the financial stipulation:
carried into effect without an appropriation by the Chambers,
well as to the rights of our citizens, to treat the.Convention
. . . inade and ratified in proper form, as pledging the good faith
of the FrenchGovernment for 'TtTexecuiton, asToiposing up
on each department an obligation to fulfil it j df"Thave received
assurances, tnrough our Charge de Affaires atPans, and the
French Minister Plenipotentiary at Washington, and more
recently through the Minister of the United Ststes at Paris,
that the delay has not proceeded from any indisposition on
the part of the King'and hia Minister tHulfd the treaty,
and that measures will be presented at the next meeting of
the Chambers, and with a reasonable hope of success, to ob
tain the necessary appropriation. .
payment of such duties as may have been improperly recei
ceived, an addition should be made to the sum appropriated
at the last session of Congress for refunding discriminating
As the arrangement referred to, however, did not embrace
the Islands. of Cuba and Porto Rico, discriminating duties,
winter, and re-
and Belrium, was concluded during the last 1
cen ed the '"sanction of the Senate j but the exchange of the
ralificntions lias hitherto, been delayed, in consequence, iir
thefnst instance, of some delay in the reception of thetrea
ty'"if Brtisiels, and, subsequently, of the absence of the Hcl
eian Miiiister of Foreign Affairs, at the. important conlcien
ics in which his Government is engaged at London.
That treaty does but embody those enlarged principles of
friendly policy, which, it is sincerely hoped, will always re
gulate the conduct of the two nations, having such strong
motives to maintain amicable relations towards each other,
and so sincerely desirous to cherish them.
With all the other European Powers with whom the United
State have formed diplomatic relations. a'nd With the Sub
lime Porte, the best understanding r re vails. From all, I
continue to receive assurances ot good will towards the U.
States assurances which it gives inc no less pleasure to re
ciprocate than to receive. With all, the engagements which
have been entered into are' fulfilled with good faith on both
sides. Measures have also been taken to enlarge our friend
ly relations, and extend our commercial intercourse, with
other S ates. The system we have pursued, of aiming at
no exclusive advantages, and of dealing with all on terms of
fair "and equal reciprocity, and of adhering scrupulously to
all our engagement well calculated to '-give saccesi to ef
forts intended to be mutually beneficial.
The wars of which the Southern part of thi Continent
HiW Hivnnii h in j T r -i 1 1 i i "t i h. i i y
to. the prejudice of American shipping, continue to bejeyied
Notwithstanding it has been supposed, by the French mi-, there. From the exteo on between
stry, that the financial stipulation of the' treatv cannot W rhe ; tnlWd Stotes and those Islands, particularly the former,
the discrimination causes 'serious injury to one of those great
it appears t6 me to be not only consisterit with the c h ar Leroiloaiin n aLantf-reu--w.h-i-h-"4V ha-ee-n eo n i d e f ed" an-rsyeTtTrat f rh a n ;e during the present y:'ar. So re-union having yet
1 ranee, but due to the character of both Governments, as Part ot our policy to cherish, and has given rise to complaints taken place between the States i
on the part of our merchants. Under instructions given to
flur Aiioist-er at Madrid, earnest' representation have -been
made by him. to the Spanish Government upon this subject,
and ihere is reason to expect, from the friendly disposition
which is entertained towards this country, that a beneficial
change will be produced. The disadvantage, however, to
which our- shipping is subjected by the operation of these
discriminating duties, requires that they be met-by suitable
countervailing 'duties during-your present sets'ton power
being at the same time vested in the President to modify or
(discontinue them as the discriminating duties on American
been her colonies, or by the States against each other, ha
ving terminated, and their civil dissentions hiving so far
subsided, as, with few exceptions, no longer to disturb the
public tranquillity, it is earnestly hoped those States will be
able to enjoy themselves without interruption in perfecting
their institutions, cultivating the arts of peace, and promo
ting, by wie counsels and able exertions, the ptiblic and
private prosperity which their patriotic struggles so well en
title them to enjoy.
ith those States our relatiojnahaveundergone but little
between the States which composed the Ucpub-
lie of Colombia, our Charge d'Affaires at Bogota has been
aceredited tb the Government of Ts'ew Granada, and we
have, therefore, no diplomatic relations with Venezuela and
Equator, except as they may be included in those heretofore
formed with the Colombian Republic. It is understood that
Representatives from the three States were about to assem
ble at Bogota to confer on the subject of their mutual inter-.'
eats, particularly that of their union ijind if the result should
render it necessary, measures will be taken on our part to
preserve with each that friendship and those liberal commer
cial connections which it has been the constant desire of thr