SALISlJmtY....SATUnDAY, A1ARCII 29, 1831.
in fk. I I
w ' - j
at .. :
. or THK .: '.
JVori7i Carolina Republican
"IN a Government lite ours, the preservation of Liber-
- tv depends, mainly, on a general diffusion of correct
intbrmalioft emottt? the people. If the people be igno
rant of their rights, bow can they guard them against
encroachment ?)ur forefathers achieved freedom at
the price of much blood and treasure, and we.tlieir eons,
can preserve it only by. enlightened watchfulness. As
intelligence and vigilance are our greatest safeguards,
m iintorance and apathy are the sources of the most
danger. " Power is always stealing from the many to
the few," and the reason is, that the many slumber
while the few are silently at work. No free people
ever yet lost their liberties by oen assaults, but many
have lost litem by secret encroachments.
Ignorance among the people begets another evil,
which, above all others, was the bane of the Ancient
Republics; thai evil is MAN-WORSHIP. History
lust lit 4 us, that, wherever iJwn-wjtfJiWptekPCffiiiTIiiTre
political yirtutt.dieivBntt"torilifi faction spring hi rr
currupti the principle of Liberty, as Idolatry does pure
Relitrron. ' -
When our forefathers established the present form of
(overnmont, they loudly hoped that we would escape
tlie fate of fimuer Republics, and.under tlie wine checks
ami gtmrd of a written Constitution, enjoy, tlirough nil
time to come, tlie inestimable blessings of Freedom.
But uow, at the end of tlie abort period of forty-six yeaix,
what is our condition ! Wo liave already reached an
alarming crisis in our political afiairs,-tlie very prin
ciples ot the Constitution are in imminent peril. We
are in lite mslst of a revolution, silent, and, as yet blood
lean, but still rapid in its progress, the barriers of tlie
Constitution arc broken down and trampled in the dust,
all- the powers, whether of the sword or of tlie jmrse,
are ostceiitratuig in the Federal Executive ; and even
Congress itself is oubitrippexLin tlie rnce of usurpation."
It is time for the pcopls .to. awake, from their apathy,
they will awake too late their Government will be
changed, and their Liberties gone.
For the purpose of aiding' other papers in the State
in dimming correct "information among the peiple, and
to arouse them to a sense of their danger, it is proposed
to pnblish, at the Office of the Western Carolinian," a
nswr under tlie title which stands at the bend of this
Prospectus to be piiuled on. a large size sheet, in oc
tavo fin, of sixteen paras, corresponding in siza with
tlrtf Examiner," edited ' in Fhiladclphia, by Condy
t. The .Vorfi Cmralinn RrjmMiran will advocate the
doclruies oftlie old Keouwicaii tmrty, as taught by Jer
fermm and his compatriots of 1791.
i' It "will a.1 Msiate he principles uf Free Trailfi, mm!
oppnse all systems, or measures, w!iich have a tendency
lo Us- tho many hir the beoitut of Ik iuwr,
'" 3." It will stipiiort a libtral policy in ohr'State Govern-
ment f the iMfuraj arid hloral condition of ith Cf-
hna ; and, with t view of enlightenmg and encouraging;
our own citizens by tlie example of others, pains will be
taken to si tow what our sister ntates have done, and
-aretlning in wnrksof HitproveHient, Usoful Statistrcs,
connected with the great interests' of ' the State, Agri
cultural, Couiaicrciai, aikl JJiiteral, will be procured and
. publithei in tlie Republican ' " . JJ V
., ,4. A portiun pi each nmnber W3rbVoccti:iWl.wTtTi
iinpiirtaut Coiieressssial "and Ijfirifiliitive proceeding!'.
during the time thiee. bodies limy be in session ; aiuo
with the latest and most interesting news of the day,
foreign and dtnetic, ami with fitch miscellaneous mut
ter as may prove mtrrntmir to tlie enteral reader.
5k Tlie question of ( 'onvnitinn, or refonu of thcCoit'
stitutioo. has Cm" tlortv vears divided the oeonle. and an
rayed one-section ttf tiie Stale airoinst 1)ip other; and, as
a necessary tisisetpuniee, Itas prevented tlie success of
nuny UMsuros vitally tuirtaiit to the honor tmt pros
perity of Jftirth Carolina ; and, until settM, rt will eon
lotue to dt m, . It is o Joubtd.that Ltith parties are
sincere and honest in tlifir views: ami the reas-si'wiif
lliey have so long ditli'nil, is, tluit nei titer party hns ever
y-t bren mode fully acquainted with tlteji! pnleiis:iSM.
ut Hie otiier ; clat lkia.tuaitxacUnir uuestwu wu'Uil ere
row, bare bsi wtMt djistt - W rtb Im4ik,
Uteirf ce, of gtvm to aii the oopnrttny of " mr"ig
both sides," it is ajreed to lay beSire the public, in tltr
7 g"s of Hie Rcpulti ait,"Cie afj?fliiTMlU for and igsinst
the oteasure ; ami, that this shall be done impartially,
it will be so provided, that the arguments on one side
slall be prtwuted, by Western, ami on the otltr by
F.tern men. Nhing nse effixtually prevents lib
ral legislatstn, than ectm,il divisions ami lorn I jealoo
si Uicy distract the public mind, and destroy tlmt
"Cisntitmiity of feeling, and unity of actsKUsncatcntiaJ to
the- sorcess of all srhrme f imprwveMieuU whetliej:
plivsiral nr ntoral. Lvery real friend of Ncth(3andiiia
lou-l therefore wish to see !! cause of such divisssis
awl' jealousies retisvel, and to hail lite day which alia 1 1
find us fine people, acting togctlter for the genoral good
uil pnasKUyU'titS) SU1. .
R. In the bro(wf season, eorrect Uble trf the lYtces
Current will be regularly given.
The North Carolina Republican will be publisJied
srmi-nmnthly, that is, on the first and third Monday in
wit nsstlh, dunruv tho pmd of one yeai olilf, unless
ns patronage may be mtrh as demaad its osttuiuaitce.
Ksi'h nuiiits-r wdl rnnlain 10 psircs, carefully put up.
that at tti ehd of f year each tnbsc rrtter wdl kw s
volimm of ti pugim tilled with mtcrestinf tnd useful
The price (aubscripiJoii is Oai DoiXAt, in til cases
to be uaul i m'inrr.
Tlie 1st .Vvwill a)slsrnATie 4T Msiihy hT3I.T,
slssild II MihscriptkMl lis justify tlie publication.
As the object of the pohlieatiou U rssl to Mke nsmey,
but to supenrt the riehts of the psople, an ipneal i now
miiile to the friends of Const it ut sail liberty, to uilerest
tWulke ia pftcuriug subscribers. ......
All who may be pi eismgh to procure luibsrribert,
will, by ths first day of March, com.nunira.te to tlie pub
lisher the number and names Set pmrnred, retaining lbs
Dsstey in tlieu- bands unt.I ootfiod tliat UiC paper will
crnamiy spprsr. ,h i ,
- CO" All Ltllars and CarumuBicatins must be ftd
Armr4tan paid) tu the ".North Carolina Riiisjhliesn,
HsJistmry, Nislli Ca rl ma where taey wdl be pruinpt-
: F133I AliK SCHOOL,
i taught er
The Rev. Stephen Frontis a&d Lady.
rpiIE Subscriber, twisted by. his taoV, proposes
v ojwn a r ivu a Litu tschuuij at ms noose,
on Monday the litk day of April next, where all
fche brunches usually (aught in 4milajr institutious
con be acquired. Having had some experience
m instructing loung Ladies, he flutters-hinisell
thut his assiduous care to teach thoroughly the va
rious branches which constitute a Literal Educa
tion, and ft lead his pupils to form correct Intel-IiM-tuut
ami mural habits, w ill ensure to him and
his Lady the coufulcuce of the public, and a share
ot their Utttronage.
Ceinir a native of France; the subscriber" will
also teach the .French Language, which he has
lornicly taught, both at the JJortb and at the
South. Parents 'who may wish toadd to the cduca
(Ton of their, daughters, an acquaintance with that
useful language, will have an optmrtunity which,
K is presumed, is seldom enjoyed in tliis'part of
The Session will be of live months, and the
terms of tuition, per Session, as follows :
For Reading, Writing, Spelling, and Arithme
tic, with plain Hewing ami marking,--? $4 00
..J'(.lr lb6, kpvejjtygejte withEiig.Omtn-,
inar, farsing, (ieogrnphy. History, Picta-
tion, ConiiKtsition, and needle-work, ... 8 00
For Nut a ml Philosophy, Rhetoric, Logic,
Cliemistry, and the F'lrciich Latigvmge", ' v 10 (M
All accounts must lie closed ut the end of each
session. Boarding can be hnd in the neighlsr
moii. inKiiuioy cull uc iiuu ill uiti iieiyumr-
sJ, in most respeclable families, at the moderate
r &i fti I
e ot 91 to l prr week.
I he house of the Subscnlier is situated close by
IJethany C hurch, t miles from Slatesvillc, on the
main road leading to Hockford. I
S I KI'HKN h ROM IS.
P. S. It will be indispensable for iho scholurs to
Isl furnished with the class-books adopted in the
Scliool. 1 O. t .
I..UI lWa.k 90 1H3J li
ifclrtie Ol III 1.1 111 t OtV.IIl. " I
iftir:t, m "H1 nM rj1 T" it .
a 'iiij ouow:riocr, imviiig ooiuiiMio MHters oi au-
imnistration on the hstate ot illiain Cowiui,
time prescrilted by hiw, duly authenticated, or this
notice will be plead in bar uf their recovery,
H. IS. r LI'.MINU, Adiu'r.
Rowan County, March W, la'3f. 6t
Bank of Capc-Fcur, )
11O0KS of 8ubseriti4tn fr tlie increased C'-hjh-
s tiilolfhoi link. fiiillioriiMHl hv tlin I .einwlntnr.
at Uicir last Session, will 16i oteiied at the place
demgriiH-wfc-w-tii Cha rif-''-''-t!
On Tuesday the ltt Of ABril next.
, .,.. - ur7 uyB .oereauer, uh-ic,
iuu uuimmi vi mo Mw.mg iiuiiiBsiooi rs .
City f Raleigh. Hm E.-ellene y 1 WhI L.
, f -. -
ntn hv-eileney I.KivkI k..
s; tr;ti;.. ' mi u-jj ' xy -..i...
- " nu (v. uuroo,
i i ... i r,. .
" '""r-,mni ictuvti
Fayrtttnli- II;Toniner, Kohett kririKO,
K. J. Hale. C T. H iisrh. John W. Wrinht.
Az-icfccm. llisi. i Imni (.nsliin John Rnrr.
- - - vi. .
-i J,.l,n W. Cniiui Julin M P..!..-.,
FJentfin. Joseph R. Skinner, Jonathan II.
II n.ktui Williniii 11 I? !' I III l.-
....... ... M.ii.i .1 iMim.
i. ii.;ii:. i ..:..i. i
' vs. vuuna . iiiiiiim, tfueiuu IUHK'1,1
John W. Norwood, Jam- Web.
iaien. John V. nliim, Linanuel Phober, John
geccasco, ai rei.ruary oession 01 Kowan Uiuiity. v T;"irJ.i: ' " . " people to the sovereign imhio o themselves, und to
Court for IH'U herehv mm nnie t nil ner.n neighborhood of jTtli Arm.hadftr some time back been 1 , r , . i -l
Court for 1W4, hcaby g,vts notice to all persons s hits bran ih- egute.1 the I rust of presenting it to
having claims of any denommat.on agamst the es- who WH(iri fi)r mil h mme oJymm Wi. y.uxilir.determiuHt.o.i.. .Our duty will be best per-
tuXe o.aid Uucedeiit, to present them fcilhm the y..m. . widow with mm W and n m.wit.in. f- formed bv ouiiUinir cverv anneal to vour tWinus
nrj .i..rnuauui.',.;.w w. , .v,.wUWKJJmitJsj
Aawftsryr-Msxwell Chambers,-Tlinmas' I
I'owan, David r Caldwell, John I Ward, Jr. '
Charlotte. William J. Alexander, Washington
M.irriaiKi Willimn V fvuin. I
ZEiiiabttk City. Johu . Baity, Mile White,
John Me Morin.
Halifax. Joseph Simmons, Mark Pcttawav,
Rols-rt C" lWtnd,Aralnw Jornrr.
Tarhoroiigh. Sis-ncer D. Gotten, James Y.
Clurk, Jorioph K. Lloyd.
n arrenton. w illmm Ilurhngham, neldisi N,
Kdwartls, Edward Hall, Dr. I'oite.
Milton John T. Garland, John Wilson, Mo-
OKWsiaa- Vardv ifcllcr" Charles C. lien-
demon, Dartlett Ship.
Morgantim. John Caldwell,-Isaac T. Avery,
O I 1 a
fennmti v.. Into.
asntnron. jl mm A. Klount. Allen Itnee,
wilimm l feitosiv. . .
iradVs&orosfi. Absahtm Myers, Joseph Med-
ley, A. W. Hrandon.
.VtirrrraAorotteA. Iwis M. Citwper, Bridger
J. Mmitgomerv, Tristram Csr lieart.
r , Trr01 B Kuu"wcUail'1
law, JosMlh Holly.
I By ft rvsolulHSi of the Hoard of Directors, the
r. i . 1 . . r u i ; . it ,
loiimussmnrrB win r!iie rrrpnTmewtut rsoii rip-j
tiisis for 8uk, (as equivalent to specie) Notes of
the fidtowinff Hanks, vial JJfste llank of North
Csntlins, B.mk of Newbem, Bank the United
n. ,,-71 . - y. . -
n 7 e t. I i.raine, 7. .r-Tr
-Bank of the State of South Carnhna will not be
taken ," but such notesof the othsr Banks of Ssith
Carolina, as are payable in Charh"iii j also Notes
of the " Dank of Virginia," and 44 Farmers' Huilfof
Virginia w f e ce(4 tb-I!nu-bc t WineUastcr and
Frtxlcrickslsirg,) may be received at a discount of
1 J per cuit, as an equivalent for thectpense which
this Dank will lytcessnrdy incur iu rendering such
Notes available as Hporie.
JAVES OWr.N'8, President.
Wilmington, Map.tt '21, 134. 4t . ,
(fc7" Kvery description of BLANKS are kept on band
at Uus OlLce, and will bo sukl very dicuply.
'. , TOjTIIK PIMVfllR.. .
remut a.giddy trifling tri
For once to fill your Poet's Corner, n . . " '
She cares not how the critics snarl,
Or beawuuauuicjira h'JT
Sheiiii'gjiJn' print her lines to seej" - -.- '
. OHige her (sure you caut refuse it,)
And, if you find her out, your fig . ---'.
Shall be to kiu hef if yea chootp.iLs
TIIE FAIR SEX. V
When Eve brought WxwLto all mankiml, "
Old Adam called her iro-man
But when she teoo'd with love so. kind, ;
.He then pronounced heT Koo-nmn,
But now with folly, and with pride,'
Their husbands keenly trimming, .
The ladies are so full of trAim. -. ' .
The people call (hem traiM-uien,
" OLD BACHELORS.
. He who aUme would ever live,
IKtserVes to always live ultmt "
. No syin)utliy lias he to give
No joys that he can call bis own.
Like some uncultivated field,
His breast all tenantless doth lie ;
No fruitage the waste soil can yield,
- vAnd buds of hoa but spring to die.
From the JVcw York Courier $ml EiHjitirer.
A dimiuutive colored loan. b the. name of
.VTPumcr, wlio, as lie alleges, htnnerlv tollowed Uiesea,
and served for a period of four years a id a half on bourtl
the ship Brtlliaiit, but for theinst;sii omwiIImi lias lived
ashore in the smiles of Miss Julia Aan Oliver, a strap
ping wench residing in a back apartment in the reurot
1 f . , " , T,, r ,
'f AI,,,.t . st-. ,;e fe .fu7 w'l'm tw .ln
week, and (lie balance of lite time attends to Tier
domestic concerns, such as "turning the cup" and "cut-
mg t)l0 b,.," or, in. plain terms, telling fortunes.
Screamer, who had profited to no sinulf extent by the
lessons which had bocn set him by Julia Ann, in pro-
press ot time U,t up Uie resolution to turn "Indian
JMrtor bywsy of aiding hisholpinate m the honest
mi nrin ill inf. pnnivni 1 r. n w inrnmiirTim in 1.1 .( 1
.. """" ""- - -1
trarv. nur d iav resti tei n t ie
.,.I.I...L..nn, ..CI.!., f ... 1 1 ..... 1. I.......,:......., I
,Un Ul,f km i..,l,r,n,,t mnA .A W,m n l.i.
I ' 7'"" ' I'"""""
creuuioiis employer, u apH'rs mui an oia niny, mej
motiier-in-iaw ot fllr. l'atrick wiis, who kees a groee-
tlui Indian Doctor, took the $n
lui Indian Doctor, Uwk the Opportunity Ut recoinmcnd ami prejudices, ami we content ourselves by laying
urn seriously tb Mr Ellis, for the cure of tlie old lady, before you FACJ'S, which make this npitea Irro
n due "raw itlie Jfcctof ws ul f. knd wr rHy stmhr, if rtis t. brWrrTTtrwt.y he rulers of Jus.
Ust psvt r Tisft-w-thiramTctBd Myhmn be" Wcj
sijatn ts4 ?ih he-eouhi--eir Without the sliilitutl
litfiealty. hnvinir had much experience in the care of
the dropsy, "ami aU' Wich-eort of things,". -Klli being
a'nxKtHs fir tlie old hulv's restoration to health, and over
JUtU. lHOI(HUUS Ol MWUVIM UU I
.kill, and-rmposed upon too by the IWVlisileritol
evon t itiim nl reiinnl. lie lienor ono nTl h w in iirae.
ealtice upon the nwxim of "no curs no Uniiilv airreed f
to enttairo hm tir ma l;aT
I !-SrfimSrJi woo, iroin nis prescripiMms, mum in
i ienm nnvp nnnersrimi t in niMinier in r.inn. it lie niiriwirr
tliat ot ins tnotlter. Mo in trie first place direcU-d Mis
vo pnw.in) a si.me p., aim an iron ono tmo me inv-
cr he u'r,;cl unn to put the foll(,wing mgreilients v :
ha . ...u.Ia.1 km. I., m.l ll.a R. ..m ..M.ul i- I
u"." ' ".?' r. T rWT"': - . 'J
pint ot sttiriw, nail a pull of irin, luui pint ot
I , i. .. . r: i... j "r i...... ..... I
nf trtcti rtT flii. .dt rt4 4iBlte w-Minfl tif anA I
1 vi utfii ,nini,vi wi .Vi. null . il'iJl. m fr nin'l vP.., 1 1 i
i g,n -rJie?e were to be simmered
I ptef a slnw. firs i fir
! stone pot, snd then
, at the end of which
ilMinn.i.1 l.il.. iliA fl.w
fifteen minutoii. nd tirrhd ini the
I carefully set a wnv for twelve hosrs.
i . .. ' . j .. .
time V t nieces ot silver were to be dronoed Into tits le-
cortion. one by one. Then irrcat care was to be taken
, ., . - , . i ., ..I
T " ,MUC . Tl"""a V,e UvU) " HJ "ft
l vinegar, prepnuory u uie aspucaiHSi tn uie lotusi.
vn , . ,..,.. ,., K. ..n Oil
' : .. -
in miiinliilhrt whmkev. whu-h mna fumia Ixol uitiuiH
reluctance, but when the nmetv-five nieces nf silver
werw demamM, he reinsert ootnijlit, anttl amumd by
J uvr "J w ciiarma. UraugUtliKb Uieprowns-would
iraire nj"m in, yr in (hhmuh, u muv-.,, ami
and water" wisiltl restore them to a fit eomlitiutl fin
circulation, no person being aware of tiie purpose for
wiucu utey nau ouen atMfeo, - Aner an uus prernra
tmft, Uis Dm ti U'trau Ins operatssts on tlie f!llowuig
snsninat but Uta diacuveriiig that tlis lsuwl a Uu
I min, which conswiiMmtly rHoutroit mrrty-hvs-ptes
luiir.C.klgive.iLtlie.l'nwr cousislenev, these, were ob
tained and the process again resisted, lo a aeeoud iliiit-j
merinj, until the Doctor pnsssineed ev"ry thing in ap-'
nle-pye oriler bit the cure, winch would lie etlected, as
he aswireil tliein, in sins days. This promise, which.
had it held pood, wimld have turned oflt the ninth wis
der, unfortunately failed Oram the second trial, Fir Doc
tor dreamer but owning according to apisMiitment to
srssy his charmed omtmenV AsiMs aros w Ut hiiihI
I ' "ie "M w'J' 'nfl rttstng tne ltd of tlw stone pot, dts
7 u' " 7. "
I WU UIKtTlUIU BK BlIillR WHIR ItlNI nir"T VI UUI
a.- M.kiw. ti.n i- AirLtw
tliem: or liiat tlirvbail dissidvcd m the linnid r.wn-
4 (mind. Uaaa sisusJtuwessr. la IJia JJuctora. ALUS
Julia Ann pretty soon satisflod kirn tliat it bis silver
pieces bad evaporated. Doctor Screamer had dope so
r"M '. f n Uay beflut), n
'T u,ne.ne " w u,em', "V"?' 10
lMwent in pursuit of tits JWlnrissn, by ibaasluf Mr.
. 1 UTIhK th inmertnr nf Dm .th .rtL U miSiiimI
at t),e five points, and led in triumph to tlie police office.
I M.. r. it ... ... ...
imxMjun vu cumineq ny yusore vv TSMn,wnomoi
sratcmeiit of the case, and' miiiulwl down Bis wcrpe
we cure of the dropsy, at the same time inqniring
.F'T , m , . i f1
Thel!i iVs tor was imabla satisfurtorilr to account
Pir7iTaio,lirn n ..T.nltjTSumiiad tokeil Them;lMrt
enie,! tliat the wb.de amounUj to mors Uian ton or
twelve ilollara, being nrinciially made up of ton cent
pieces and other small silver coin. The mi jri strife
find in? this to be t novel case, had recourse to lite R
visnl htfatute to' ascertain tit section uf ths. law em
bracing the case Una taking up smite time, and Uie aU
tetition (4 the officers and bye-standccs beinir temtssw-
rily withdrawn tVotn the llcti, md riven to Julia
Ann and ths oneyed, Diana, wist had both .accrsnsi
nled the parties to tlie polics oflire, be embraced Uie
oppslun ity t tenre he olfii-e umhsrrved. t 'hnse was
in a rHl tune given after the I )).-, but a I atiemftts
In ovrrtnk htm provoil fruillins, ami at isir Istn4 se
csmtn, which are brouTtit ilown to tlie cte of tlw of
ace Umj ni;'ht, the Doctor bad not yet been rcUkcn.
Address to the People of North Carolina,
- om Tus'sVaJBcr dr.M: '.
. AMENDING TI I E ' CON STITUTlp M
- :J IgFTHK STATE. " : '
The general right ofa Xfajority of the qualified
voters ill "a State to alter their Const iiul ion in any
manner which may suit the pleasure bf thut ma
jority, is, in our country, indisputable. Dut tlie
practice ol the American. Mates has determined,
thut the most ordinary, and ttorliaps therefore, the
iiHwt appropriate, method of rtmedyiig CimwtitUt
tional evils, is through the medium ofa State Con
ventiiHi, aiitliorizcd, ami in its incipient steM, to
guhited by law, Acconlingly, imire than .30,(100
freemen uf this State petitioned tlie lasKieucrul
Assembly, to provide means fr tho cuuif evils in
tlH1t ConstitiititMi, against which tliey have been
coinpliiining fur inore than 110 veers. This appli
cation was inude under the additional sanctum of
your Kill of Rights, which reserves to the people a
right M lo petition the Leginlature for a redrew of
their grievances, antf to tnxtrvct their Ktpretenta
tiret ;" Isit it was rejected by the House of Com
mon, after having passed the Senate id the shape
(4 the Hill which has been apis?nded to this Addrvsa.
On the evening of the day when this Bill, for
udaiig-the eoisej)f..lha.peypte.wiiij jcjectciL a
meeting of the Representatives of a niajority of the
(Kople took place, for tho rsirrntw of adopting such
measures as were best call-muted to .iieet tho just
itxpctaiiens of the majority, . The greafer miintsT
of them believing that a fair and free discussion ol
the alterations to be proposed in your Constitution,
and of llio gruuuds uhiu which a, change is denuuuU
el, would reconcile the muairity to their luloptioii,
were unwilling to recommend to tlieir constituents
an exercise of tho right to prs:eed without the
tanetion of legislative authority ; U:t hoping that
a common interest, a sense of iiiKtie4, a oroiM;r re-
HMH.t p,r rtl0 ilindnnienttd principl. f oT"s.Hil.f g-
... . ......
fernuielif - mwl it (liasiluiiM l tftf iMw n.nul a
the motives ofa niajority, limy co-oprrule tosicure
i... . . ..r ..11 .:. ...!?.. !
u' un i:uoiis 10 nils iH-cessarv reiorni,
lrtemirifief tn 'mtrviin (lie nnairja imtinuliul 1... lU!.
r..u,,. ru.u; lul.l lu.f.. 'I'l.,. 1 1 ...
fj1Us pn:st!iifeT TAioi'er IneniTglieliTnU
n mlt ,.w l.n-mken from the servants ofllio
iftfc-Zt : -l JSi
- - -
I CXEQl'At R : I'll KS EKTATI0!T
Tlw first tu proiuiiMJutvttofiict in your Stuto
Ciswtilulimt, wliHh it ispntiMiMetl tocorrecti is, thai
.... . l . . . V 7 I ,1 ' ,
"- -n.iuij, niiuui n nuru inis Size.
IstWimtuTUkl laXt's, ITiisw thG source of ifrtsis
evu. a ware now easuy you maybe uecrmtd into
H-Siatm .-a. .i i. t
Iftll . -T
Address, and desinsis lo a.lva.e no, that Van de
, . , -..fi.ii,, ,i r, ,r-
1 ' ' J I' ' " I""' ' "1 IITO 1 H.IW
llnrta nf .p r..nei lWiw.sirs.,.1 it.x i....r n....
- r .,..! - iw
'mm Tnfcen Tinder III aiitriOritWir flu l'vtt...t
H I Hlllftft. kllMh vbtlll'ftl- ill .mim.iiijihi . L. 1
rsiltlie;Tsxe, Fritrral Population, wmJ While Po-
pulufiisi, of each risinty in the Slate.' Il is jicre
j,w.rtm ami we beg you to examine it t
.... ... . .. . "... . . ... I... 7?., i . . f uu . Jlljinilll
1AIHM.A11 Ml A t Mlr.Tr tf Tixes. and White Pn.
C" " Z' rra,ni UP'"'. liwirtie. of
...i ...... i i .i , . v . .. .
I ivwin-v-mrnnun, compiiefi msn Uie lleveuuu List uf
I lr' and Ui IVimiu XUI
ps'ifina. pv tit Ion.
I Anu. . . AiTst
. IKK I
" - - IM
fit aeon," "
.. I'sMiuutan k. ...
l'frssj, . .
" Tyrrell,. T.";
a,un5 - .7i) -
rut, - djm
. v,a . 7,-jtxi
. mil . (UK xi
IsNI - - -
. " 'J.l pal 1
'. l.uu VI
Warren, . J
Wake, m-S . 2vV
A. wsj, . I,UK)
" HmKStil(0,' " ' ' 1 ,t H M
Burke, . . 1,4111)
Cliatliara, . 1,:U)
I. 1,1s XI
- 10. 100
Ciimlterland, . &Wt
(iraiie, . -
Stokes, ;' '.
fMTrry, " '
Wilkes . - ;
. (HK) -17i00 12.H00
MX) 10,tXK) tSTsKJ
. 2,300 VtUslO ' 1(1,IXK)
1,M ll,'J(X ' 8,4(X)
IsMD 11,H0(I ' 10,MK)-
1,71s) .. 18,.k)0 -14,5(10 .. ,
lxw . io,ax) Hjxxj.
l;H) .15.1(10 : l:)JNiU
v , io:- ; ii,4oo' luua-r--
Are your laws founded upon Uie public will!
Make choice of the basis which accords lunf witK
your opinions, of enual right and justice, whether it
be taxes alone, white jto.ulation ftlonc, or federal -iMtiMilat
ion alone j or population and taxes combined
still, you will perceive that in this State, a mine. - .
rity of one-third govern and lax a majority of tiro,
thirds. The 38 counties first named in this table,
elect a liiujority of bVith Hbiises of tlie General As.'"""'
seinbly, and yet, thev pay no more than one third of
die public taxes. Thev contain but very few ex.
cecding one third of tho Ftderul population, and :
not ojHXhird of the IV kite population of tho State
s tins equal i ; ij . , ' ' 1
I he necessary expenses of your State Govern.
ment are about .80,000 dollars por year, and, sc.
corumg io lis nrgninzainsi, eacli county is a source ,
I precisely tne sumo cost to tlie public revenue, -' -
ami tliero- lieuiL' 04 counties, Ihe nn.isirtion f,f
ncli w r'oO.. llut the snmp 33 couiitiea which
ontribute less tlmn one-third oftliis revenue, do
cost inorrihi hiitf of thrtmiu ififdruvrTByl.'
curring to tho table, you, will pnrceivi that lliey - -
wy t2,700, while they cost $4150, which is
an excess of 1H,400 dollars cost, beyond .their e.g- .
grrgnrr, rtrxr?. - is u just, tnat lliey slroukt elect a
majority of thp legislature 5 : - - -
bomo of these counties cost vou "fair times n
linicli as they pay : oiliers three times as much s
many others, twice as much. Is it just, or wise, .
that thi'ir representation should be equal to tho
others T " j .
There are twenty -four counties whose aggre
gate eoipensato..your Ci ovenimeut is more than - -
dmiblo their a-'gn-gato public tax s and twenty of
.1 J . ..... .7. .1.'.. n. ...' " " .""'.' --'f.":
uiono ih isiiimy iiuu uiu x reusury a sum equal to
tho w ages of their own Members, added to a just
proiHirtitHi of the incidental -charges' f Lrrisla "
tion aliHie j and twelve of them pay an aggregate
U 1U L.l Jllll m.ly u,!.,. ..n. . .
nreivo Isick H,tM10 ! Is this rightl Is, it just
towartls neople wlfftse revolutionary stnurirle rest-
ed upon the basis " that taxation and representation
1.1 . .1 AM '
siKSiui go logetner ( i .l ri
I here are forty counties in the State which do "
not jmy taxes to cover Ibx-ir cost to" your Govern-""
ment, ami- is u pruueui w reiuse your aid in cor.
roctinjr tli rule which- Tests them, with the power
of elect inir fwri-Wiirds iT itsir TttW-iiivers ? " ' " ""
Do the counties, which are Hum deficient in their -ftutxibutitni
to your pnblie revenues, and so oner. :
eus ly4JeireoiHVcoHiaiu aiilsjimit--i.Jiil
a..: i:i ... . . I . , ,
uuiiuwuiui am Mimua iimif uukim Ut tlie re---
presentation they bfrvetAre'thev ht 1 condition--"-" -
to givq jiersoual services.'or to bear personal bur- Z
Tl:.."..' - t.:t -.tf.--.t - 1. 1
k:hb, nicn jumiiy tins exemption I rum pecuniary
lauxaaiisv'witts (hoy Jaaivsa' jysatre'sssitafsw wk h
tlie largest cisuuios I A ieiwto the taltfe" of --
tlieir population, a ill otole.rniine Ihis-questuNi 4e- . -
yiwid all (MMitradictiisu Look at uTaiid ttien let-
reason and cwiscience answer these Jippiiriciu. JJ
Their pijsilatin is' as dispntjiortionate to the -'
er Jlicyxcrcisij; m Uwi
.P"i rrmivln";oiia action; of the "State." ha wt "
much jpolitieal weight ate sews In another, of six
in another, or Jrt in another, iic. Two-third
of rim community pay one-third of tho same com.
mimity to be tlieir masters. Disguise it at you
may, this is the naked truth. We would not wea
ry you by comparing the population and taxes of
separate counties togo titer, nor can it be necessary
that we should. " : . . - :
Yet we must is4 omit to state, tliat thii
nns lnsiglit into exUence and fosters a spirit of
sectiisnal hisrtility, which mars the pence of Vo
ix K'oore-. sjri niatonairy impedes tlio Rdv.. .
nwut of the comiiHsi yssJ. . This ie so pLuJy
truo, tluit rssto who Itus any regard for his tliarac
tr, will venture to deny U. . s ' -
t'l'heder are some W ihe .reasons which sustaiii
the ilemund that bus been made fnrKmnl Ri,t -
'i'ho tiifirestrulercTrf takect "M the KtatA. ut if
nioction for rresidont jf the, United Suites, w ,
63,000. At the lust Auri4 election, mors tl. ,
half that number Voluntarily voted in favor
changing this feature of Jour Constitution ; m l
pons nau u acpt opeu in aU tlie counties ur,
UiC autUurity of law, there ta no doubt that n
two-thirds, of lheviftteni .would have sanctiom d
A majority, then, demand this re Cirm i i lllIP f I
yernnrmit ( and will the minority refuse to pnn i.'.j
for it by tho established forma of law 1 Can t! v
Jainvaifcl bs cisisinlunt in their ttnchrirnt to II
pildrraiiisin Is the- prfvilege too trifling to cre
ate such teal and perseverance aiiMsm those wl.
.k it T Tliiiii llw atcifai m L
who ysdd .up a rsiwer which thev tan lav no 'ma
claim to. Ihit tho right of representation f.,jr
ami equal representatMSi of Uie jsnde i now
aiurthrr namo for civil freedom and Ihe slniL':;Io
fr it can never ceaso while tho snirii nf I 't wu
ei-ts in our land. Fneinen who resUi it. ,K
jury in tli- nm lvt s j tliey ciiiiiK enter upm so It a
wnnare, wnnimi sctiin Iln'ir prim i.. s as sl.ix s
to tlie spirit of pnrtv. Tolicv, fMitri..ii.,,i, h,..
If-InterfKf.ntiife 1n rvcrtiiniig il,.m t do Jkt;U v
and prcsurxe eipiaUfy in their (.overnment.
II. Tiie in;i.i,Ti'HK.
Tit your present t'oni'-ition, the (.' uenl ,s.
senJyjiiect ejrsira7y, h.,,1 it is p,-op,., a,'irr
. . i i i
ii "i io nave otrnnmi si ..i.itm, ex'-ent
of emergency; sr., nt (!, ,:!., i; , .( i',,
the nunils'r of men,! is, . '
I Ins is a pnii!i'.ri hi u
cd, and the iilierntniii is i! n.-.
licit 0,7 11
A new county w i
its KiiiiNiim h.i v , I
to toko it into aco.
! .1 !