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0 / 75
th atitliort'ics, piii
HI rou'ulur 1)1 tfi I M
, Ilil.ki i-n ;;i...l,l'Mt tUeru.-,'-., Hl'l ae
rrt4iic, ;! tn, kJul -rvii atta- h J lo lln:
r i'"'! f consul, i!i'-y ikH b iiif-na of the
r mulry tl
f) WHe il iho ntiu! P !! , h.iH b
in nil pulilifl wm I iwi, diwi, irid an
, lui'l uf Im t, Unix's ''"I f'rib-l'l'Sls, e.'"lt
'i th l ,u it they hull i.MigeJ to j.y tsi hi count
of Commerce, or IS' if pi'j-crty, to winch the citi
Wit and itilialUi.l', iniurt; ttod foreign, of llf
- finiry w wlm-h lle-y r- wjl-p-.l besng in
. 1-vry tiling a!" sMiinri ( iitw u m iik ir
iMcti Stfii. TV archive and wipers .f lite
u t A a U, I'V
fljtes, Bl-I iih-ti!:i'ili,
ho pretest whatever, shall any magistrate or
i In any y intrf-r with
,-, illKilt 1111.
' ThrsaU consuls shall bv power to reiplre tV
nwiitanci of the atrtlionbsi of tim ei.ai.iry f -r the
arrct, rMention, and rvt'dy f darters fern tU
publio and private e l of their eismlry and,
tor thai purpose they shall ldrxa) tl-i-v-
'lltf courts, judge, rd officers competent, and dial
demand Hie said deserters in writuur, proving by
. ". an exhibit." of Ua rrgUters of ibe viWl or whip s
folL or other publw drruiuenU, thai ll two
were part of aaiI r.w !, on thia i-puiyl,
. V7' "pfuvmJ, (iyln,' howfw, wbra Hi fxlrry W
jroc) Um dVUwry ffiwJ
4iti 'rU!T, wb arraiilcd, aball be pit al Ni Jifpn-
aM 1 aaul Cooauln. fi4 mat be wft ta U puWtc
' daiio Ihrm. to b aiit to lha ahitH to whkH tbry
, V U-lutiinH!. or ki otfora of lh aain nnlion. Hut if
Wtpy bd Wit awtf back within Jwo imth, reckon
iif fr-mj tb day of Ihrir rr-i 'H
, : ' " at liberty, and lall w Byre be arreii"4 t thr
Mine ctute. It 4a utx)i-ratjod, bwtwf, lliat if
tlia devrter LiulJ U tmw to have twmiralt'4 any
u ttim or oflJwi fa my be 4UyJ wv
tfl th" triJwiW'! lirfofB whirh tlmnwe may bed.
p-nlinf almll liar pnnKHMipH ila arfibw", and
4" ; AITICIE in.
J ?tj,',,'J,"rP",,,' B,oW ex:tu'.T protecting
r tfrnr eotniwrco and narrtiiioi, tL two Coot ran
jog aahiaa-da txirvby aruii, aa. auua Jjrrrtfl:r,M J
Cirrutjwiioc- wiU prtiu llctn, to lorm a onxuiar
itttm. -hHl . NnU rtari,i pwiallt Ute
. power and iinnmnit' of the eonxuU aod tictj con
l yUof Jle.rVp'Jc'i"t. . .- I 'l,
. TKa fTnitml fkaliM of America and the RrmtlJic
of i'Auk, oVamitjr tonrnki, a dMrji J circum
; nnc'i will permit, tlie nliitioiKi which are to be
nUMmhd ltwen the twij pnrli, by.jfirtuc of,
J' t'.ii treaty, W general contention of pfcc, amity,
roinmcrcc;xTd -naTtjntionrtiaTe-rtnciareti xuuijin-
1 .. . . , lv. tuwl do airrev to the (ullowiutf puiiita :
T""r, I4.TIo preafcnt fimtftitH roniain in full
forveaod irtoe Cr lhetenn oftwelvo jrr )rvkbe
, ' . tiratjona andj further, otitil the end of one year af
t,'i either of the contracting partjea ahall have
t piven notice to the other of iu inteution to termi
"T?' ltd tlwJ iitiJo j eaih of l!5"cotitracfing partM re
rervinjf to it If Dm right of giyiug aucu ik(k to
tlie otiieh al the end of aaid term' of tw'-Ue" veara :
H abd it ia hereby agreed between them, tlmt, on the
v .xipiratioaf om vear fter inct tkit W ahaff taw
I b-sen iwcoived by either, from the other pirty, thti
; ,'i'reaty, in all the par If rebating to coninwrce and
ji', ri 'iiayigiAtiiiit.aiia41:.atojthtccaac WMl.dctennine.
. . - . ml -iiail Uvm. paxu wluch lalu to pcice and
frirwUrrp.-it shott bnpCTnUuientty t y-rpetualTy
. .'.tu. irvjfnyyvt bof power. ' -- 1 " '
one or mofeof Ihe cititen rf rither
rltpoiisiJjbl.for.tha aamo, and the harmony and good
rprreMHUtfiica ut-inii-cu inu iuuwi hmu uui w,
hte'rrupted thereby 5 each party engaging in no
y to protect the olR'uder, or aauction euth viola
I . . &tt Xyp&cK Weed, cannot te -MpHi) Hn
I if: rZX!riuw.tely,: ty. of. tlw rticH coutiioed; In " the
I :"r pretienl Treaty alinlt be violated of infrinifeVt in any
. j: way wllateyeri It s expt atipubled that
neither of tho Contrating partus will ontcror au
tHorit any acWof rerreaJ, nor oWbir? war ajninut
the other, on complaint of iiijtriea or damage,
mitil . the said party, coUidering ituvlf otK-uded,
, analt first have prewnted to the other a attitement
j. .0 ""h injuriea or daiiHiije, yeriried by competent
prool', and diqaufuf . juMtice'ajM iotiit'action, and
-Iha him baU Jiava been either xelusi'd or unrest
- noably delayed. " ' "
4th. Nothing in thia Treaty contained ahall,
- howi-rer, be cortsttnied to operitwirirrtrary to form
" raid exirting'public treatiea with other aovcreigw
, 'or atatea,
Th present Treaty of peace, amity, commerce
and navigation, ahall bt appmved ami ratiril by
' tle Preaident of the United State of America, by
and with the advice and eonMit of the tV-nate
tlierwf, nd by the Prewfont of the Republic of
j- Clitie, wMh th bmieent and appMbattui of the
T 7C!ongreaa of the same 5 and the ratitk-jiiioa shall
LlJfejcMA Jhf..:jdity,,if J5:.ahitti.w..,itliiH,:
tiine mouths to bo reckoned from the date of the
grotur hereolor attara if JhuwWo.-----
, lirfalthn-hcn'of, we, the underwritten Pianino
Wntiarie of tha Uifited Aatea otAujcrka, and of
... the Republic of Chile, have eigncd, by virture of
"-dr power, ine prfeiaitt treaty, 4 -peacfr uuv,
" 1 oerce'aiM.. navigittioii, wiU Ij-oo (rt:uilo ut-
iixod our aeala, respectively.
Ine and concluded, in triplicate, in the city of i
, r?antiagn, thi sixteenth day of the rnraith of Mejf
. , r-w the ye&r of mt Iord Jfeuti hirt lon th(H.
iiand eight hundred and thirty-two ; in the fjfty
(ixth year of the iiMlependeoe of tin United States
" V America, Ra4 tljo twenty-third of that ofthe Re.
ublic of Chile.
'jyont.iM ,tL"""i8ti!';"- 'V-'in
Treaty of Peace, Amity, Lommrrcr,aM Aamea
tion, tmcluded in the -riff of Santiago oh tie
' 167Jr rfrtt of Miyt 1S32, brtvee the Vitittd
ftaUi of America and the Republic cf Chile.
Whereaa, th time stipulated in the Treaty of
A rnity, Commerce, and ISayigation, tKtween the
ITnitid Stat9 of America and the Republic -of
Chile, si giHid at the city of Santiago, on the lCth
dav of May, 1 8!r2, for the exchange of ratificntHin
'in the City ff Wa.iniriim; has elap'd---aod if
being the wisb of both, the contracting parties that
the aroreaq t reaty snouiO; oe carnea into eneei
Wim ail in necrjcsny. pjuiuimrj, .iiu m lira .-
eeisart ripuinVCirtl 6hmJ be mutually, made to j
ri-mi'd i'i f i(f il.Ki'i m t'ti- witv rif '"jie .f
i! rt t' t' , I'io U!I iii;i,'1 l,l,iu!"iilarM it.,
Jul.ri lliui'ii, a nltu il of ill" t Uited 4
ir fir, hI tin ( liare d AiCiin',' tlx rl
(i tl.i in ( i if llii I n'i'4 Htalr tif AlirruK,
ixl S ii-if t Aii'lre Ih U.i. a tUet n Y t iiii,
(ti fV iwrt aiul in thu iluin 4 tl ltjx.MMi
QuU-. Iui:ig f ;t j-p- au. etflna,;'-'! JM ir full
fnnri m, a r ijin . . 4 in Uh 'lrty n lf, liuve
-w.l h(hi tlc (iUwm t'lJitrfjaj ainj cplua
lory artfl'iM " ' ? --
' iitu ii i. ,
It bin? HiJ"it'iJd, by the iflirlo i the
f.trrwi 'I'rrafy, ttuU the svnUim and caien
timin wLirhtn w nt or nmy hrrfl;r eti-4 be.
t4-n the Ui-hiUic of Chile and the R-iUic of
tl- K'-iniUiC of pjuniUa, Ibfl ruilel Uilea of
Mi-mi, the U-'wibl'! of I'ero, or lle 1 wtrd Pro.
vinci-a of Ihe Iu" ue la l Uta, are not mm IikI'o ki
t?ie proliiUi'imi of gToutuiff pnrtirtilar fiir looilfir
oatiuna wJik n nmr h4 lie rfiile common u ne
one of l ob-r 1 t. conirai-luig power and
t)re ein-puoM wmif f mmird upon the intimale
fooirxi'in ami iiiiity of 6ehng am interrMa of
tlw new Awrn- in N-iIwi, whw:h were iwrnbrw U
lie mn' p-4itk.nl body uinW the Hiauiiih donii
nvsn. il ia rnutuaJly uiiortKid, that tb exrrp.
I' will ha all the latitu-ie whirh m iiolol in
... . .
tluur phiriple s and that Uiey will ariiordiiiuly
comprehenil all tdn new nullon whIihi I bo anrHul
ternlory of hpanMb Aoe-fK, wliatevr alteratiooa
may take plae, in liir oavtitutKaia, nanmi, or
bouituVrioa, ao M lo mrioile the prrwut Htuti- uf
Lrar-jar tmd nunjrimT.' which -were-lonirrly
parta c4 the aurmnf Mre-royally of Bocimm Ayr-',
HkmQ of New (iraiaula, Vem wm Li, 'ami JvmJor
in the Kepiihlic of (Jutoinhui, and any oilier tfuti
whkk way ui future be uuuieuibtred Iroin, (Ifuat
now akMUng. '
Il being agreed, by tins lewh arck of flie afire
ajilTfMty, llil Hie ciliziita of llw I'niud titittrn
of Aim-nta, frmtmlly or by liieir (nfn, hf II
bare the riijlit of btoig proMl al the ductMoiM and
jBucijLtbiilnwiiiih jr. all ci ahn h may
concern them, nrxl al Hie eummaiKai oi wiliunHeii
and oncUtraHotM lluil may be tit km in ilrir Irialu;
... .t-r a r.
awl an lite atrict (niiorceriM M ol Ui artK-.le may
beau oppuuUua. tu. Ihe. csUiUUshcd. iLruia of. lnc
preaenl due wliuiiitMralioo of juittn'C, il im iimtuiil
ly utrleMood tlmt lli R!puUi.' of Chile ii only
bmind by tlw aCreiMl atindaliiin to muiutuiii the
OKVvt pviiLel equality iu thia renpect buwu Um
AiiMinrnn ana Lhih'an citm-ai, ih former to en
joy all the riglil-i aud U rx filt of thu prvx-nt or Iu
lure prwiMuiM which ine utw gram u hm- mii-r
in lh' r juJicutl tfibutol-v, but iu njn-cmJ farri ur
. 1 . . 1 . . .1 1
It b-irtf 8jred, by tlw twuity-nintli article of
(tie aforoafcl I louty, that dturteri irutn thu pub
he aud priai vo-U ol' eillier party are to tx
DUnnuL llmi Ui by IhftapocUta tmuUi mwi
whrruaA, it l ikuurt'd by tlw aitidu ooo Luivlrtd
and lhirt) -iwo of the prv'ut coo4itution of Chile
that u tliero are no miu ui Chilo ;" and that
alayet imichiu the tcrrOory of thu Kepubhc are
true it ia likewise uHitualiv uiHleinloiid, tiwt tlie
alormkl tipulatiQ uluill not couinelit:rnl s!uv-
aervmg umler any rii'n'mmatiNi nn hoard tin- iHib-
Ik iit private alupa of thu Uuitud Suiaa of Aut-
It in (urtheragreed, thut the ratifienliomj of the
afinraatd Trenrty of peace, amity, cominTrce, find
niuigaXioaVaad4f I W alrt tonal and ex
planatory C'HiveDtwo, aliall be exchanged. in the.
ctLjotjr -iaatungloa wniiia tnc tena of eight
months, to tc counted Crofli the date of the present
. This aArliili'iimraod eiplanatoty convcSwn7u
on. ia.Jbcing .dul' ruU5cd..bj the JriaaJciitiit tha
United tMiite of Amrnca, by and with the advice
and conxeut ol the N-imte thoreof. and by the Pre
sident of the Republic of Chile, with the consent
and appmli iti'jji of tlw Cong re nei of the sume, and
llie . reeUu -tifci.tii. mwtiMUy -exohnHl,
shall b" aJdcd to, and make a part, of the Trcuty
of peace, aftutv. coruuvw and navuralion.liulWccn
the tuitcd Slatin of America and the Republic of
I nile, signed m tbe suid lbth day of May 4532,
having tbe ime furce and cifi-ct as if it hiid bven
inserted word for word in the al-iiVHaid 'IVaty,
Iu faith w lie roof, we, the uiKrersigixwl iVnlpo
tenliaries of the United States of Anwrica aud the
R.public of Chilt have signeoVlry virtue of.
powersj tlje afurcsniM. arllitioiuU,and exulanntofv
Conventiun, and have caused to be aihxed . our
ha:nlf anl seal, respectively
imn in the city of- iSnntisio, this 1st day of
Septombee- leti, -and in- tit-5$tb year of the in-deH-ndence
of the Uuited States of AnKTRH, and
ttie V4tii of die Republic of Chi !.
JNO. HAMM. (al.)
ANURF.S HKLLO. (seal.)
, . nd ajicwos . tli'o wid Conventinna havo been
duly ratitiifl ai boih Wtn, and tlie respi-ctive ruti
fkatioiM of tlw v-iiim. er eM'lmnged on the 29th
day of April 1S34, al the city ol" Washington, by
Jjonia MmLetKv -fi6tv4mFr'-fkmf the United
States of America', bjhI Manuel Carvallu. Charge
d AtUirii f Ibe . Kepuqlie of Cmle, near the tro
verniner?tf the-lniW Stleoo Uic pai t of-4uck
U'spective uoverniiKiiis :
Now, therefore, be it known, Unit I, Andrew Jack
aon, Pttajdunl of, t!ie .United Stales of America,
lie, to the end that the same, and every clan mi
article thentof, may he olwr rv'Hl ainl fulnllud with
good fiiith hy the United States, and the citizens
In witness wheiwif, ! have- hereunto set my
hand, and umh1 the seal of the Uuited States to
be uflixed. '.'V'?', . ... . ... ' . '
Ifcme at Washmirton, the twenry.ninth. jdav, of
w-:...-: m - . . w ,f J .
r. , , -t. ui u, iu xuv vmrm uur iioiMxwwtniKi
1 Rind eight Imndired and thirty-f wr, and tj
iiiinim iFUUJCC m iue I. niicu fiuius lue
tt PreriJmf :'-
inserted' in tliis neoer the whole of Mr.
Callioun's able speech in opp- Hon to the reception of
uie iresidonta frotcic It cleci.le.iiy the roost m
terfrfing kpeech :'a. tJis sn'rt that has eome whr
our nntice. h joes directly to the question, and With
out any attempt st ornament, or any effort to excite the
Mimjrs, 11 eKiifata wita gunt force the ateurd and
t d-trm( of that psper. We commend H to
. v ,,f rea-if-r VyrllmV Ofts..
DUD ATE 0. THE rnOTEST.
EXTd-lfTM FROM JUL IXinii JJ l-JTril
"nier" ia no end of the cikh nums prei-iiions j
which tbe I renlciit r'4 up fur tho l.V' utjve pw.
tt, m iim wihmIi riiu psix-r un-wr cf'tj"i') nu-ai.
Whilo he d uie lite rigid of the l-Wwte, in i Le
5iluliviy cnpicity, Jo eipreotj sny 'pnii"n (nucept a
Uvurable isi')c(neriliiig ibe legality and fsn-tilu.
ti .alily of the a u if the Entciitive, or lo exer.
tf its own J lilnn iit as to the enteut of HI leglkla
live powers, and the nature of ita own acta, he
elmms ami exercinea the right lo judge of thecsv
tXitiiti'HMslity of our a ts, to d4ermiias tho charac
trr of tliein.lo ascertain alien we ara actiug In our
jilIh uI ami when in mtr cgiUliv capacity, and
(o. prt scribe vim Ue?pnwMswona witnin wrncn
it is aiuiwod us in rwive, 111 ipm wrncn we nnu
not il' psrt. Hurh ia the freedom of didiberatkm
and action, which it seems good to his wisdom to
cjmcm1c t i us. Ha speaki to Us in the imperial
style of lU'CiiMars to the degraded rVnale of
Rons, while yet the aicicnl forms of tin? Iu-siblic
were oVct'iilly preserved, and calls on all fuithful
ub)ris i rewpect, su'xirt, obey, and csdorm
with, bis derision.
Ilia PreJeiil itwists lliat the nflensij rsnlirtion
of the herwto was o4 intemled a a k round of any
b-M-itive set h si ; tbst ilw Siiinie has no right, in
lubu!Iatirecaniy,l.piany resolutum which
m . . . 1 . .
la not inti ml' d lo be (lie gnsnsl ot tcgulati'Mi; and,
in tir--t, iliat every reniluW'Hi winch dm not plain
ly iishcate isi its face that it is so intended, is ub
noxi'sia lo ce I inure, tin bemg without the jstle of
our legndative authonty. In what csle of jsirlia
tmnlary law ho found (his doctriim, a were vumto
iiKjune : regarding il as a rule which lie ptirpnra
to orduin, I uimIihIkimI him pcrfi cllv. How could
he know, bow could he undertake lo affirm, tlial
this resolution was UA intended as Ihe fisindution
of any legislative proceeding! If be learned it
from the objections taken to the resolution by Ihe
orfois-iit of it, in delwlo on this floor, iho IIousc,
ccrtaiulv, never gave him, or cisdirmed, any auch
information. The resolution may yel be the ground
of b-ginlulive action j and, if I shall see hereaAer
any reasnrr to hope friy tneeestewrewca of -tlui other .
House, I for one shall soon propose h-gulntion on
tha principles iscrted in the rew-lution legisla
tiofl o prerve ihejsihlic tressure fr public use.
Dili wiiiie did he learn thut neither Htsew uf Com
grmra en pmti any revolutions touching the pro
eecdmgs of tlie Pxecutivp, unless soch resolution
Is; defied as tlie ground of legislation I I am
not very fumiliar with the rul of parliamnnlary
order in the Federal Legislators, hut I umloratand
th s which prevail in mv own Kite pretty well,
mxf th-is which prevail in the two Ibsisim of the
Urittah Parliament. . J Inke Ummo to be all suhstau
lially Ihe sanw. The Prnil-iit, in this Protest,
hi. ikes n fernhrt" TirTTie'lnstitutifsisTirC
turn, and draw from tint simrce arguments for his
purpose. I shall be greatly surprised, if lie or any
biiy else ciin find rule or prercirb-nt in (ireal Bn-
tail, m any ot ine e.'aie tygismiuren, or 111 emwr
House of Congress, for this novel propoeitiiHi that
every resolution msj inlenbd to be tlie ground of
legislative action, ii without tlie pale of legislative
authority. About tlie cl-e of thd war of' the
Aj s!ricsn Revoluiion, Mr. Dunning moved a series
of resolutitns, the purport of one of whirh wag,
that ihe inlluence of the Crown had increased, was
, , ... .. . , . -
IIK. I I.nIIIU VUKII, W Wll.ll.lfcVar. , - w
esrnen against tne lory mimsiry,
legislation was proponed ; msie in fiiet ensued, or
was attempjod-.. Did GoWge III swl a mesxage
to the House of Coiumona, to. iiistrui:t them- that
this resolution exceeded th"ir legislative power, or
inia roaofuuon rwcru'i in-ir utimmn'i ifiwci. ui
m.I,e .nv S.W lo tho "British nation, ssainst this
abuse ufJogiafaliVc power by the Comma,., f Du -
PiWrfii OT4er fe1 tfeesd Whw aiirijrheitileeV
scarcity. 1 rornl nroclaniation was issued, ; forbid
ding.thc:Txpn!tatirsi of corBj and theeaby suspend-.,
ing a law of the laud. The T ministry were resjxsa
sible for the act. . In the subsequent aussiun of
Parliamenl, the subject came under tlie eoniHiem.
lion of -the. House of Lurdu Ho epedieney of ihe
messuTO was7uiavvra!ly adnitt'ed Lord Camden
instated that it was lawful, founding his argument
m the plea ef an oyerniluig Tjeeeswty hut Irord
Muuisiield maintained thai a royal proclainutiun,
ausptling a law of the luml, was, under any con
ceivable state of circumstances, unlawful and un
constitutional ; and of this opinion wns the IIou-w
of Lords. But, if I rightly remember, no legisla
tion, ensued, or was proposed. Did Lord Chatham,
the- pmmVst of rnankind, (t do not apeak of him
with irreverence, for his was the pride of conscious
and transcendntit virtue und ability,) contpbtin that
the House of Ijordt,, the high court of- inieiii:h
ln7,niha(I jiri-judged TiTslcaV,"arr4igocd Liiii w(th
out any impeachrticiit from tlie Commons, tried and
convicted him of a violation of the laws? of an
usurpation of power 1 Did it enter into any man's
head, thut the lfou.so uf Lnnls was acting in a ju
dicial and nut in its legislative capacity T
s. a a a.. . .. a. . ..
The President refers, in this paper, to the prin
ciples and usages of the' British' Government. I
wish he would be content with only suehwers as
ore" coi'icod to'ffie' Ktirigof Qreatftritau. i ior
thongh I 8hontd never consont to allow any such to
him, it would, on his pnrt, ; bT ifutn'lo'waHnno"
deration. ILth&PreutiLcciiwMeriJhe resolu
tion of the Senate as an act done, gone by, irrevo
cable, and on which there is to be no further action
in the Senate, I do not see why he may not aa-weH
tuku up the "Journal of the Sciiatetfull out all its
errors and all ita faults, (of which, without doubt,
ho mignt find many,) expose them to the people,
denounce the vices inherent in the constitution of
this 1 boifjv appeal to its conduct as evidence of
those vices, and suggest the corrective that ought
to be applied. If, on the otlicr bond, the Presi.
dent regards this ntTensive resolytion as yet revo.
calilciw in triith it
the ground of Legislative action, as .certainfy.it
rcay be if he anticipate tlie proposition, suggest
e,d by the gentleman from Miwwnri.'to be repeated
"setonldler sessTionnilTI irsTiaTl prevail, to"e"xpunge
the reaolution from the journal, theu is this protest
a palpable and direct breach of tbe rights and
privilege of the onute. , The Parliamentary biw:
iTfi thia iaiiyebt stated with clearness and preci
sion in JeHi-TjjciT) Manual, p. 1 16 : " It is highly
u expedient, suyi Ilatsell, for the duo preservation
of the privilegej cf the separate branches of the
M Legislature, that neither should encroach 00 the
fltheVot. uiferfire.in any .matter depending . be.
" fore them, So as to preclude "or even inmience
that 4reedom of debate which is essential to a
"iree council. They .nre therefore, not to take
"notice of any bills or other matters depending,
"jet tf votes that bave been given, or of speeches
it!ir of j
Ml Ibn 1
" tbe other branches of lb" I-enlitui
"sniuf liate been iiiiiiiiniiiimlrij I
llii-in in Ikj !
uuid rliiiri'ii!sry naini''r. '4 i.il. '
n4. -V I Id. Jtid. ol. Tint, tliJ KllitfS) ta
" k-iirf ii itu-e of a bill f-r suj'jifcwiiig s"lher, d'"
"p-iMling Is fire lljft II. ne; his iri'niiig a pro.
riiMiJcl-iu ftf bill Is furerl ass ire:iiti'd
to biui by the ta ILiu-es Ui trprtuing dit.
M plriuurt temintt nm pr"a ) mniltri av
red in Parliament dunng the dt lmtt and prrpa
"ration ef .-r breiicheiof prnibge. 'I
-Nalson 743. And in I7S1, iVcmnljer IT, it
a was declared a breach rs fumlamental privilege,
" die. to trvort ssjr pnsoa, or ftttendtd pm'rtion,
" of the Ais'f, on f f procrrding dcoi-nd.
ing in either Il(si of Parliament, with a view
" to iiirtinisce tlw vote uf ibn'uriibrrs.' t Ul
151, fl." In Ihe I1ntih Parlians nt, any mrmlier
of the Ibsisn of IxrU has a coniituti'Sial right to
enter his protest on Ihe journals a'niinst the pro.
eefsiinga if th tt'sis tliere U bo "icti right of
protest known to the cmistitutMMi of the limine of
Commons, and no such rtehl or protest has ever
been imagined lo exUt for iiMlividual rnemlsrs of
cither llisisft of (sir Iz-ginlntuni, no ngbt has
ever been acknowe!(e m a King of (ireal Bri
tain, to send to either Hon of his Parliament a
proti nt agniu! any of ils pricHMliii', parf or pen
ding I mean, wm.e tin- r.v..l.if...i of
. . 1 . 1. t 1. ... !.. i.:...M. d....... 1.m
will ist look bin k to the history of the Stuarts, tlie
Tuilora, sisl the l'liinlagein-is ; Iji-n. Jiirksisi limy,
very prolsiblv, fun I rcvU-nis tif Ins eissluct 111
the n ign of Henry HI."
ntmrriTii "T .Tv
at at Mr.Li'H.
SATURDAY :: : :: : : M AY 31, 1834.
- fry' frir irrerrl are hereby inftrrmert thst the num
ber of suUstnberj rixeived tot the " .North Carolina
Republican" will not juatify us ui ceniini'iieing M ub
liratuill. The terms were o low, tlmt we did not, it
the inception of the derngn, calculate u)n Im'iiiihii
with lew than one thouMLnd ruiiiiiis ; iud Ute nuiuUi
otrtamwl ftlk much short of tlmt.
The next number of the " N intern CswiJiniirn" will
bo tii, roiniucneeuicDt of a new. volume ; aud, under
the hope tlsit nmny of thine wis) subscribed Jlir the Re
puhlicah Will no traiiiJl-f their iwiii5s to lh Cairoii
nian, we shall print tn cxtrs nuuiU-r uf tlie litter, for
the purpme of supplying Uionu who may be iliKpustsJ to
mike Ihti traoiifor.
One year has now elnnRd since the prewut Fditor
took chsrge of this paper. It bus been s year of me
morable, political events, the immediate eorun-quencen
of which ha.e been but too fatal to the prosperity of
tlie country ; and yet the ultimate erfirts sre still more
to be dreaded, as threateumg to destroy the benutiful
symimitry of a Government which has excited the ad-
1 iuiikjuii oj. mc unw, u uraenjirr TTriy ipnrirr
. : t . 1. n A.. 1 r 1 .1 . . , .
We began our course a rum re to the duties of an
Editor j of rouTrte wa have bad to contend with the dif
ficulties of 'tnexpeTmncesd'to vexations
I apparently inseparable from our voralimL Nererfbr.
u" revtewofthe whole past year, we have
ing our political sentinienu, are liirgivvn ; ami, if we
have done injustice unconsciously to olljcrs, we ask
To tbusc inetunable fj-iuiuls w?s havn atond by us
firm and nnpbahcrr, re mini onr ntost ctirdlBl tliitnliS:
VV sha4t endeavor at Jeat to aVsrrw the txmtinmmee
of their good will, by piinwiiiif, si we' r&Ve' hercuifore
done, thut courne which our judgment points ou) to its
as the right one, regardless' of alf'jtemmal' consequen.'
That man whose course in rejrulated entirely by the
will of olheni who, in advocating or opioiiig political
mi'flsures, is influenced only by the consideration of
whirh is the popular, i(c, is until to be the conductor
of a free press, or the agent of a free People in any
eipacity whorr rmlre thun mechanical, ort at the 1mU
Brute motion, is requrred. , '
07" It will be seen, in the communication from our
respected corTesjioikieiit, ' A North Carolinian (sec
stieceeding column,) thst he admits tlie correctness of
all the positions we have laid down in relution to the
character uf our Government, with one exception : he
still insists that there is no tribunal higher than Uie
Supreme Court to judge of constitutional questions.
We" are 'gratTfiedT to fihd'an intelligent Tederalist of
the present day. acknowledging that tlie Constitution m
a compact between ik)vcreign States. Indeed tins was
generally admitted, nntit Within a few years, 'as" S his
torica fact not to be questioned ; and it was only deni-ed-when-tlie
advofstes' of Centrrl power were driven
frorft every other position assumed by them in defence
of ante n-tbte d.ictrmes.
VV'e admit what our correspondent says, that " the
CWsUtiiiioa .cannot-be altered by anyone State, but
only by tlie ocmettrrence of -three-tbnrths of all the
States." This is souud diKtrme, becautie it is clearly
cunstitniioiial. But if tlie doctrine prevail that the de
cision of the Supreme Court ia final, this part of the
Constitution may be easily abrogated. For example:
a bare majority of Congress, representing a irf majo
rity f the Stale, may pays an unconstitutional law
tlie Court may pronounce it constitutional ; and, altho'
de Ktte tmf tvimfar it clearly wnconssHturiomil,
they have n irnedy ; and thus the Constitution be-
com,. e,,a, geo Dy jnajyorej
Sliilea, iii.tsil &4hiwtfmwtkr-Tf'1he1Sr!ffr"Vuifr
sf?re. We admit that the Supreme Court is the high
est tribunal to decide cases between tlie General Go
vernment arid individual, because the Constitution
grves tJiem this jurisdiction ; but we deny Uiat the Con.
stitution gives them power to decide questions between
a Store and the General Government 1
We shall show, hereafter, that the leading Federal
ists in tlie early days of our Government did not pre
tend to ; deduce tliis autltts-ity from the CWtittition.- I
At jweteiM? (MbjettilSrlttore ffessing "uiterest require
all the sjsice we can cominand. Onr Constitution has
been lately attacked in most vital part, and the dan
ger must be obtiatod at once. t
As soon as we can sjre room, we shall recur to this
lrfl lii-U. I.v t!in ft: .il" 1 "f
t' p.c, n we K-pe - 'l be 1 PV1, .
fri' iwl II it, wiiImhiI Imr nn nn-iny tn tl,n M,
Court, as r ji:(1'-.l, by iVla n-l aii'uiui i.t.
ln will s.l.uit to h. aeilny, in tpmug tu 4r1
tint lli r in iki iiw kih i,( riHitr..lui 'li u.w, u , .
....j-. ....... -i - ii hi 11m iruiribinri,.
cept ! VunWl t i tlifl bo Hot (Nil.
tST H-lng l"t week finri-h the piihlH-n,, n ,-,;.
PRtj rKST. we ahall How give eatr. U tr,t ,llt,"
lite many rliKjuent sjieK-hea In ttm H uate, ra ll. d
by that strange, presumitilsis, siHlm.,u dw wiul
la amrther (rt of (Ins pHr a til be fil an,,,,
tracts from tlie. .spe,Tb vf Mr, Jigh, uf IWu, h
whrh we invito the attention of our rrd-ra
Very properly !.a Mr. Lr.gh nprut.j Ote
that tha.PitMWt WiMild be rfmtejrt ,
such powers as aa eonretled to tho King of Gr-et hi
Um "fcr though I atmuld never eonw-nt to !!., In.
such to bun," says Mr. I, "il would, on h. p,rt, u
return tuwurii woJcraio.". Tlw-re is m.w
in tins remark, but it is just, t iJw president lu Ji
allisrnsated claims to power mora fnoriiwi, th,,,,
king of England has dsred to asNime since ijrf Jjn .t
theHtusrt , , ; , ' "
He xA only elsims the control of tho public rv
aud ot)Mr public property, but bolJly deuies tJs r-
of tlie Hetuite to express an opinion as to tla lrj;,i.
of his conduct A more dailgerous ooctrun tun Uti'i
be conceived of: It goes beyond any thing arud
tli Alien sod HeaVs Imw, and tlirows in lbs al4
the prerofratives of Crowned Heads.
In the Mih No. of tlie Ldinburg Review, publULei
((.. years , we find some remarka, tn In able
f lo on "TIm .Vefesaity of Parliamentary Inquiry," a,
appropriate to the oecanion, that we shaU gtv a tpta,
Home of the mmkjpsof power in Great IlriUin-Mln
myal rJlur-mrnmturxiii principle, like thoat'aow
avowed by our President The reviewer Ujok op lbs
subject, dfined the doctrine of the sdvocates of poasr
sud p.lnUd or.t the different ik-seriptions of cases mWs
tutilied snd required the mterponion of the Ijtgt
lure. After designating tlie other caeea, he'remarks-
" But the th.rif.Bnd by far the hkjM important grornsi
whattvrr hat 6" noltilrj, (mt gjty an untmind iu
lui, Ws mmd the Jtrrrt,nn rmtrtt in puhtinj.'
rtr: Who ever ijiie.tionH eithr the riiJ,) or tlieduti..
'uf Tarlisule'iif lo mlerose in all rase of I'ncrrtionmy
ftoirtrt ahuud,ul unum-ly k? meapHlrntly exeTCisH
where the misrhicf in of MilhVu-nt ninpnitiide to aQ
tr such Inch interposition ! The whole Inw of m
nrJniu iil for lite nuiiM-muR clnm of Nate nrhVers, ant "
rfi-uuable in court of law, in founded iiuoii thia prut,
r 1 pie ; and there ia a multitude of cases where thrwj
courts cani" act snd where Parliamentary prorsed.
ilia's may U- had of Un magnitude than tmprorhmtnt
at ai.soLtTlosa of rw'usa, oJJrt ttrt fur rtmntd,
and oWrtKimu by mrmbrt in their ptaeet anaost
any rrgular vnte of the Unmet."
Urk well thu prejiwirt pantffrsph of 1 IJriti$h nl
jm, against the arbitrary conduct of public officers;
and tbe right of Parliament (which m the National Le-KiaUluiO-
in LitaloonUy It ti-'Tjr-v-, rcw " m cir
vht-re no law hat bten violate J, but only an tuuound
urn-hat hen tnnde nf ditrretttinaey power." '
Now, if Mr. Tsney had been the lawful Secrets7
uf Ihe Treasury, and, acting upon hit own retpauuk
lily and at his oten din re fion, had re m-'-veH the depi. '
sites, wmild not Congress have had the right to pa
resoliitioiia of ce nsuje fnr aucb. condiirt! Bui the Pre. ,
siiient, thinsing that the " Hero of Orleans" might do,
with impunity, what would subject sny other maa to
puiiii-hmi'Dt "ssonmed the responsibility," by putting,
hmieif in tho .Secretary a place. TTi.a W diauadly,
avowed-ta Dm world and- bassted of it as an act that ',
ought to elevate : him fjill higher L-w.
The jnea ore " jspdiiec4 alarm, distress and confusion
thrhu tfa. county pesHwiet. Pw redrew tr"
ktmnetf t s wnsll rrmjerny tn tire House,(,nrliienred -Wt-w
ill not say how, for it is of no importance to onr tr
I giimrntO pretend to justify' the .Tiip(jsm6.
there 1 no cliance for an impeachment, even if it were
rfy n jmpeachitlile. ofTcriliJhe Senate, mJbC
other hand, disapprove tlie tneseirre, but they have wr
"iht to.trjf.an jfihijttnhsi Ihc.otetlliiiwL.
bring the case before them. Whattten, muU be ilonel
iliiUrMUorSrtliaJiepfeaeiiUtJvejof Uf S'etas, pK
red as chec ks to the other depsrtment-s miibt they sit
silent and allow flic laws and the CututiUiLon to be
ftrrrtly undermined, and raise no warning voice to th
People ! A majority of them thought their dutyto
their country dictated a different course ; and, acting
under the impulse of patriotism, and the sanction of
their .oath, (an oldigiition Hit which the President pro-
fw jt1 renperi,; mcy consiaerei 11 necessary sua
projs r to pin a resolution expressing their opinion that
tbe President had acted in a manner gnsi'tlintizctLb'-.
the la wsr Uie Constitut-on,.,, ,. 3 .. -.....a,.nml
For tins mild exercise of a right which we have seen
belongs to the milijs;U and th' representatives under a
Mramrt-hy, our Senators are denonnred, and the very
frame-work yea, thu fiHindiitinn 4 our Government
arc threatened with destruction I "
ftefnre we eonctiid; "wc ViH give one'otTier gTiM exT
tract rum Uie Review. It will be borne m mind ut
the President complains of tlie Senate's having trwd
and condemned hmtlmproperiy1; ibiit they nad p
trod him in a cam: where tlicy mu'lit posibly be called
to try liiiii, uTOie "last re.-wt, under an impescie
"Who," atks the reviewer, "ever objected to tb
Committees of 1794 upm the ground "that tliefwerr
interfering with the justice of the country ? l'he sa
flu-Ai wAiii.i li.ii iu.bi. ui AtiAAi.;i..iA'fiu'r."iiir tuil
hi? ariwrsrmw 1nlren 50 ft-ehle a gmund-
r.... T..-., I., . M I'll. " - -'J
going to try tliese men, but to examine tlje whole transc"
tion, dtverte intuitu, for tlie purpose of seeing whether
the ttifi ty of the State require ejetraordimry legitl
tive precaution. The very same answer may Be tw'e.
to tbe tluiughtless persons who now complain of Ipqui
ry; unless indeed it be the low of Parliament that nu
of its functions should ever be exercised to pmleet the
riehttof thr People, while ttiey Sre called intow
ocion as often as there is any question of the snfetjf of
uie,Mo?iARaiy." ; . . .
Vl,..lior nr. MTlt ttliu ha tho law nf lliO nritish Paf'.
it the law of the American Congress. This br!y may
pass any sorf of resolutions praising HItJ MAJESTY
they macall the People. u pot-hmise pqlitifan,
reject tfieir "miserable jWUiona,"" as the Senator fro
Georgia called them..'..sll this and much more my &
done, t the detriment ofthe PEOPLE and the injury 4
the CONSTITUTION ; but if a Breath of disapprobation
mnvt airsinst ihe MONARCH, whv. it is swelled into
0 7 -- - .
tempest to overwhelm all who deny the infallibility
If the People acquiesce in this daring and insnltinf
(utrtge.we may at once call Andrew KING, and fft
him, or, rather, acknowledge that he hat, the rigbtte
appoint Lis Burcet-sor.
ill OJf rrc ia.
; . - 1 '