PUBLISHED WEEKLY: JOHN BEARD, Jr, Editor and Proprietor.
aVmrowr. THE XVth VOLUME.
Salisbury, Rowan CountyN. C.
. i Saturday, aTanuary 24, 1835.
a, to j
.13 a 9
ivXKS AND FISCAL rAGEtiTS-MB. GAMBLE'S
' ' J-.On Friday the.2d instant, Mr. Gamble, of Geor
.gav trough! tsrward, in the House of Representatives,
RrmJred, That the Secretarr of the Treasury be
f Jirrcted to communicate to this House whether, in his
".optoioa, it i practicable or convenient for tliat Depart
jiirtt to collect, safely keep, and disburse, the public
siooeji of the United States, without the apency of a
jaak ar Bank and, if so, to report to this House the
' best ewde, in hie opinion, by which the object can be
f . coinplished."
After coiwitlerable debate on this rewlutioa, it wu
tid ea the table Yeas 106, Naya 07.
la relation to ilM mova 00 t part of the Adminis
1 v rjoa party ia Congress, the Richmond Whig says:
TW resolution, the reception given it by the
toofiJentiat friendi of the Administration, and its
f;'e,are fraught with significance. The resolution
L&.II ppipv-mu MWjUlij ...iw mwvhu n .in.
Treasury, whether in his opinion it was practicable
mdi-wuse with the agency of Banka (both State
luJ Federal) in the collection and disbursement of
Revenue ; Mr. Folk and Inn coadjutors received
"i wth the worst possible grace ; and it was fiiml.
ft sailed o the table, by the vote of the Adminis-
trai'wn party, a very lew only ol tnat party (among
' i ftea Meaw. lUOT and Maaon) agreeing to make
The &ts of Mr. Gamble's resolution demon,
of Government to employ a corps of State Banks
to due barge those fiscal services heretofore ren-
cWedly the Bank of the. United States j in the
second place, the hollowness and insincerity of the
clamor against Banks and banking influence, raised
by Hs aartizans and emissaries to, enlist the pnpu
kr ore wdice against Banks and in support of Gov-
trament: ia the third place, il demonstrates the
"luud money" professions of Jacksonism, which have
'srpa;ated so extensive a delusion, to have been,
n4 now to be, the sheerest and most impudent
ktmbttg that was ever used to gull the multitude.
. The report of the Secretary of the Treasury,
' touted by Mr. Polk, and that gentleman's approba
bea of its views, announce very clearly that no
'effort will be made by Government to dispense
vita the agency of Banks in the management of
fee Revenue. IMowe but the most cnuuisniy ere
Calais could everhave reposed faith in the Go
wnmwut s intention to make such an effort ; and
the Southern ConstitutionalisU see now, plainly
taxegh, that, in getting rid of the Bank of the
Toiled States, they have jumped out of the frying
fte ioo the fire. As long as their co-operaiion
m nwrryto dvf'sJLa irc
rVy were amused by professions of Jackson hostili
tf la mil BaakavaMt Jachaoa fmmekunt for a hard
wmr WvnmCTirr tut Wsorowr t1t defeat
jBcared, than the gwiitUuifen from Georgia and their
ewtitiitional associates are cavalierly given to un
aVntan Uby Mr. Woodbury and Mr. P.ik,hat this
mm is still to tie collected ana qisoursea or
swans of Banks : and, althourh they do not tell them
TK VMThet ainhot hut see thaTThS BahllTfipyslenl
it w be nnhfidr trri eiccss' Hot lirrown even. Jitu.
Tlw stronjiesl nd mosthugeed delusion has jts
SMijrnnl perioU It is possiblo to cram the gross
t ah-w rdit ies down the throaU of a people ; but H
it aut aossiUa to keep nations perpetually drunk.
aS ; ,;H ,(., . m..mU
"'wi f vwihuwu i-. i.
-ai their sway i and there are sufficienf indica
to prove that iu Virginia, at least, mis u ai-
nady true to a great eileirt. The inquiry, then,
asast and wiH home to the' minds of the Peo
hV What have wa sained by destroying the Hank
af Iks United States! What have we gained, either
M Uu Comlilmtion. or for the safety of Liberty,
ar for aa honest management of our public finances,
ar us any other aapect, by putttng dowa one iMnn,
vaick bad the ladepeodence to stand out against
government, and putting up a league of State Banks,
tkosea by the pleasure of the Executive, to act as
everement agents, and which tor that reason, win
t saVr ku ntmc4 J
He who eouid apprehend danser from a Bank of
United SUtea, so constituted as to oe tnuitior-
est to Executive favor, and can apprehend none
fan league of State Banks, selected Oy favor,
I which most, to refaia favor, be compliant with
Ciecutive nksasure, must, at all events, have a
(range obliquity of visitsv . Kven should this
kague have less Intrinsic influence than a National
"uk, i's necessary wbsarttejBW to, and union with
tt Executive, roust rsndsr it (t more formidable.
Atrradv is tha Executive power- too- mighty lor
Mh Hiajses of Congress.
Wa frbef fftfay an .thtngmMiTy Jyp: i
bt which, , thrtsigliiaitthe-war B'TithTr1tnTilrt -
f the United States; has professed to have a hard
' svstem in view. Hie executive nas out
. . ...
sapped the U. S. Bank for State Banks. That
, seki circumsUnca establishea the deceit with
k-h if has acted. Hut every observing man
Mwwrs. from Executive measures, tlie iiHlefiiiite
swltinlicatMin of Banks. Instead of a gold awl ail
mot. the supprwion of the V. Bistes twin
... . - ... . t .
il nevitaWy produce five paper dollars mr mree
As rxwtmi kafore. The CinstitutisialisU have
tlv beioed to out dowa the Bank I but m tlie
Wtion of new agents, they will find tliemselvcs
auhout a nartirJa of influence. H
Frm tk RifkmonJ Wlif .
A rumor allrdgw that the Tennessee delegation
GioffiT-fMessirs. Gmndy awl Polk exerpted)
adMreaaed a note to Judge White, requesting
t kan if k mill nuiannt to become a candidate
tar tha Pmbwv.
Jadge McLean is fairly in the field, and, from
iftannML ia mrf likelv to be withdrawn. an,
opine, chuckles at the difficulty wTuch tb
wkm ZwlA : .M ni nmn a canoiuaie. it
tka rorW of -.fn to him. and well may he choc
'pwrock of the hopes of tlie great and glorious
party which, have unfurled the banner of opposition j does the Constitution prescribe
to executive usuroation and
. , . "v-""i"u vi i mo ovuaior. ii uw wmm at lemsl
a successor, and we mav ivnrv Wk:. :: u: r. J . ..... . P
i . . . T' 1 ' "'6 i hiiu irom nis post i way is the a
Iff the lamentation whir.h mr. L.I r I i ., i 1 . "
in FmrlanH tnrtnA t. T.T . V 8 ' co'..,on8e Inan UlW tne i'resioent hinv Admimstration in North Carolina, and bring con- r. '"Tv .
in cngiund, extorted from the immortal Jim liw. lwlfT'Ii c...k. u: I. . i -i. .l7.mi. z. l- c the . jreat and Asva.
Rut ilia :r. 1.1 . i v . . I ; yuuu jvoomi, iuai, ms ctxecuuvo i hjuiw upon ourselves, uiau sui iiib rimory which r.m n.t...r.
uuttlie irretrievable step has not vet been taken. advLM. ttu A. iV- r V. JtT.. v-. -..u i..':- """I
Let us, while we may. indulge the hone.-vt ihK 7 '7-' rLrT. . "T ure JSST9. w ?.rn 'um 7 V r ""ger
i ha th.t .v.. t- i, rT'. T ,pt . viiiwj, uui remain, uae rocas us. i oere is a reoeemmg spirn m we poooie. no law but caprice, no n
tMr!?!Pp08,,,on y combine imnvm-f whose base is immovable, tun barrierof defence Thera i. a hand to ah.cU the just. - the flattery r party to
miiio tireiiinu IO prostrate an umirninir dvmri. no !.. : r j .i ' i. r. , t...u. -. i UJ
A U Detprmndum. "The broadTgrius of the ene
my biiouio operate as oil upon the waves. T
nopes 01 van isurenKendull, & Co." are the dis-
.rnns o, ineir opponents. Wherefore should
irauon,ana suggest a 1 residential tandidute T
The foe will cant .and slane-whamr. but let thim.
It has, no doubt, many objections, but so has everv
other mode. They only , will onnoae it who am
on or secret adherents of the Kitchen succession.
SPEECH OF MR. FLEMING, or Busks,
In the Legislature of North Carolina, on Uie Resolutions
" to Instruct Mr. Mangum. t '
Mb. Steakeb : It Is truly with feelinzg of em-
barrassinent that it has become my duty to intrude
upon the patience of this House ; and for the first I
uiiiu u aiy uo uukutu in xprerioii i my sen-1
H f!f.. I I i iL. . T
iiiuuuu in pumic, in regara 10 tne political concerns
regret, that n
ed me more.
honest, an iiuk'peiident,aiid an unsuspecting people,
who by the management of party are about to be
tmeu precipitately into tne admission ot princi-
js which the mind, unruffled by passionand un-1
iiua wuivu iiiq uiinu, uuruniuu pomioa BIMl Ull- I
wuwai 'ivju.iivt, nuum lArtniuiiiu u im mut
vescenco ot a zeal lor mj -promotion, rather Mian J
the dictates of sober judgment. From the array
of party, and the excitement of feeling now manifest j
on this floor, 1 have no hope of altering the opinion
of one individual ; but, though satisfied of this, and I
conscious of my inability, were I to remain silent!
wiuie a nenu, wtiu a Hug ol truce in his iront, ha-
in.. omu.lixl tu.l.inM nil tk nfm. on I
v iii&i v viiwwivv krvisassv smsa iuv viwiirwina vi w (l . in vu I
deavorimr to anulv his torch to the citadel of Ame-1
ncan liberty, I should foci that I was euilty of that
cowardly dereliction of duty which for the sake ofl
popularity snan never stigmatize my name. I
. There was a time, Sir, -and that not fer past,
when I thought ! was doing justice to myself and
my country, in voting with those who professed to
have adopted for their motto tlie principle of de-
manding noth'mg but what was right, and of conce-
ding nothing that was wrong." While they adhered
totWlwa vhh them,md waipr
my sentiments corresponded with . a majority e.hM I
. ... " V; - i a . ... 1
RJy'T-l,u' d,a 1 ,ne" ' 'wr
Stiwnnn waa to be snent to ho minx mm Lot nariv I
gratification ; and that Ihe result of 4lia uatoriw
eieciion was 10 perren tne sow onect iur wmcn
t . . 1 i i: . i l l
Wisdom ol the Mate into a political arena, torn by 1
j:: ...j .1 ,u Jua t.n ;.m:
"2V i!KWas - KTOi
mnskfTitaiiari f ii a svrnni nhnvia wiiifn ian m ntuvx
Tf littie did I tltmk tKat( a apostate who
had firllen from the Irue fuith, we were so soon to
be called on to immobile our Jibcrtuw on the altar
. ..... . .
ol ambition, Meet to tne gon pt party, ano emorace
ma ninnnrn luainric as iiih fiiviiiuv in our iui ra
tknw- what may be Ihe sentiments of others, 1
.-. j -----
C I C, .!.
i uuw wl,.ivj wi
crifice. However much I may honor and advocate
the course of the present Administration, I hope I
shall always foel at liberty to judge freely of its acts,
speak fieeVijT. it. ..Wocate knd caution my con
stituentsot .fcosi against the unhallowed efforts of
..r. ...r tr. l.irV.1 lUni wilk i Jtll I IITUltl MrKih i. 111.
scribed "Support or ditmiual Loyally is ual-
tfcartoa" at once, not only depriving of the
check, and balance, upon which, we can depend for
pure Administration, out in oorogaiton 01 ine
strongest principles of reason, denying that mutual
rUigatioo between the niters and the ruled, aurnit-
I must concur with the gentleman from Cabar -
rus (Mr. Barringer,) and the gentleman from Beau-
fort (Mr. Clark.) who addressed the House on tne
introduction of the Resolutions, that we have been
sent here for other and nobler purposes than to
reproach the conduct or stigmatize the character
of any man, ih the legitimate discharge of hi du-
ty, who has not transcended tne powers ami auuio -
ii.Ai7nil'liim fcv Ihe Constituliiin.
There is a more important question for our eon-
lucre is a more H ... , -
6 ' .
-..In-iti.m. ami ntiA uuon whixh our constituents ex-
. ' i .r-zr-z-i ..... ................
axled we Juaild acU It ia not nsrely who shall
Iwwwwitt us,' how- we shaU bajroferejujHit
y have a population at all to represent ? That
the preent posture of affairs is evidently tending
to these consequences, c snoot be denied by any in-
divi.lu.1 who has olerved tlie title of emigration
h-i our limita talents, wealth, and elation,
whose enterpritse finds no employment amid a com-
1 - - I I 1
otunUy iiiatrart"d, by no4Ual,Uscosion;Biiopfl.r
vim dospaired of obtaiuing those equal righU and
nrivifcircswhich aie the peculiar attributes of Free-
I . .l . . .....:
gone 10 aOCK inai p....-
tiirhhaa been demetl tn the land that
nM them birth. I now call upon tlie members ol
ihia II.HiHe to sav if they are prenar-a in a spipi
of nroscriotion to enter the Halls of rvslmnai legis-
" S '.. I I
. .1 . i.t 1. !..:. tlwi hmrlil.
lation, and tliere grapple, as tlicir prey, tho bright
est Star in our political coronet.
C: I mm iwil I tin fuiuir of Mr. Manzum, as it
d ; wit'h him I have noperaon.. ac-
has been termed
nnaiutsncc, and i
I ia politics we d.ller. in his course,
prtmU have a right to judge ; but,
as the KcpTescnlauve 01 r rvennm liens, 1 u-
j .iLinWiahinir a vrtcrdent thai will curtail
7 ". . fr. 1 v ...
Jr. , e . Senator bv trivinir him instructions
uie riin. a n . .
ionof that sacred instniment,whicnougni to oe en -
riiriucd in 1kg heart of c very ivr r""-' Why
term of office to I
ators is to drive
passion that surge against me piUafrof theConsU. what language re they couched! If I am cor. ProauW.b" "P00 the storf of rernUnce, de
he tution during every Presidential canvass. Let us rectly informed, they come as a kind memento eftfd,by Somtvnt, or bowing at tha sbrmi i of
adopt Uprinciple of instructine men out of oflke.
and see what would be it. effect! . Suppose, for i
8tanCe' thBt the 06X1 LeiglatUre -Bd
majority opposed to the AdministrWion- case not
at all improbable, a. the difference is now compara-4
lively smallwould they not take it for granted for this."- What is the language of tlw Resolu-1
that we had done unto them as we would thevitionsT Read them! A reouest simple on their I
should do unto us ; and what would be your indie,
nation to see instructions given to Mi. Brown,
which, consistent with a course of honor, he could
not comply with. Resignation is the alternative you
yourselves suggest. Though feeling that injustice
was done you, could you 'condemn the course of
your: opponents, having established the precedent
for them t
Justice requires that we should extend
to others all the rights which we claim for our
selves, and thaj we should "cast the beam first,
4 . h mi . .1 . a . . J
hj ukjh uhk 11m nnne. - ino gcnucman iroinioojeci in meite liesoiuuons i 1110 capacuy 01 ims
rA.gocomo, ur, rotw,; witn wore xcal tliaa av&
jple whom" he represents; but he isunmindful that
J he, together with the rest of tbose'with whom he
acis in mis case, are mere apem ol the people, and
are substituting their will for that of their constitu- J
Buinnuuimg mcir win iur iuai ut mcir cuiuhiiu- i
...a. uv . uo ii.-TTui u, n .ii, iii iicunuiuig wu. I'ltw
gum tor that which liberality would suggest lie did
honestly, (however unwisely,) we do not subiwt
ourselves to the same censure at tlie bar of public
opinion, and from our constituents, whose agents
The Senate of the United Statfyi. censured the
rresident, because they believed be was wronir.
IT.. . ....1.1; A I iL I. I...... 1 1
llu IB aa ihiiii iniiunr . niiii inr s in i.iHini 111 iiiiini I
adviaera. We inmtrurt Mr.
inrntmet Mr. Mnmnim to du w hat
no hiirli-mindod honorable man can do. via. undo
his own Act and gainsay his own declaration. We
are not his constitutional advisers, nor, at the time I
of the transaction referred to, m being, as a Icgis-
Utive body. - -
Again, the censure of tho Senate is only decla-
ratory in its nature, whereas tlw instructions here
gjveu are w operate as imrative and conimlsorv.
frherg,js aauttuiMKuuLwluch I wish to bring4
toiha-Adioinist ration are a larw-aod esoeetfdel
O I I
minority . Among -ttiem m. men who have re-
iLw.i i..... s..i;..n -nwn hiJ
them, and who bave MM Uie hizttes apuomtmontslu
were once entitled to resiiect if they are honest,
. . . .... ; .i1- 1 ... ' i .
- wim - wmpmgm sw-sswrsvy agincy I
a.it t -a....a,.t i bii aJkm
ccMwidorutiona, ibat liliemlity of feeling that ought
to prevade every enlightened body, ought to be a
mmmntn nrrninfrf in.nrftic. Rmiv rwii vfthirnen!
I G ft ' " J . I
by .oppression ; for, when forbearance becoi.i
opinw nwuinnu id . iirfim. i iam m. awmm .
1 bevoud which forbearance knows no control even
iviiiuv., - - " -
crime, resistance is a virtue.
' . . j.tl!.i!j
exit; u ii mi iuii u nrcivruuic ms. bcitco m a iiijipiito
wrtKiws. Civil Likkbtt, the uoldcst achievenietitTrthtwisa,; Mca Bave becoVne'tlid .(iWwrtrof t Mmdrtnd it-iaT lW.t.m,r. L..,i.
f mau, 'n the pride of this age and of the.Ameri.
paopla. In the language of iwigcBlackmme;
it u rooted iu our yery wU.- Touch but iU
harp, and the noblest chord in the soul of man
..ill .. . I . 1 . . V. ......1 11..ttu ',m lU. A
win tiuious w -uuuu. ".uoi ui .1 uivg w
meet upon those great principle- of reiisou and
jnHtice, ordained by Heaven as the law of nature,
and instinctively implanted in every fiuman breast,
than to subioct the people of the stale to the evils
resulting from intestine commotions. The eyes of
fifly .howsand. freemen are tmoo ua, .'"K.'o
I and shall we, by a blind infatuation, adopt as a pre-
and shall we, by a blind infatuation, adopt as a pre-
1 cedent a Resolution that age. yet unborn may re-
WrttX I repeat, we are assembled bere under no
ordinarv decree ot responsibility, na are tne
MJy legitimate tribunal to whom our constituents,
the sovereign people, can look for justice, and rely
fr true expression of their principles. Could
we meet them after the passage of these infamous
1 Kesoiutions, las every nooorawe uian mam term a
1 uiMlicinorable instruction and allese we tiad dis-
charged our duly laithiuiiyr in pwiancnisi-g one
'rt:if :.: lr ,U Bi....'-. .h..M wK.U
I . . . . . . I .. . ,P . .
,-' v. .l . o:-.. :
halt tne cittxens ot ine tnaia , or suuum wi.,
the h.rdih to asy
..cjciJMiiiJirfniisir. J base a Utter opiaton-of
their judgment ; and although it is possible, in these
times of Party management, that the Resolutions
may be susuinoa oy ins M-gumuur,
hesitation in saying that a majority of the freemen
hoi, however, as Ilepresenlalivesc a h.gh
people, you will consider the ngbt of suffrage as
I . 1 i: 1.... .1 iHn nn .nil .'All.
.iwuawuiiretiJijouiB w wui,
voles, in this, and all oilier cases, je wols, commit-
ted to your care under aa implied contract that
.ti ,ku,wi. tKnm ruiilr ihronirh nartiali.
" nr.J V" .? ".j:'rl
ty nor nrewiiceHteiHwr sir u r
mends, or me persecu.wa 01 r.u.---. .,
1 - . - . . 1 . 1 .
I I I ft .. J .. T L-utaw atul aiaiMsa VMa
guioeu oy uro u,... j--..-,
I -II 1' r . I ..... 1. - a In f l.- luliMlO
win oismmw 01 iircra whh aura j .
I rnvwl. vVhat. then, docs the puolic ffoou require
l ..I . . .
I will eo farther, and ask what does the interest
. . , v .
of the Jackson Patt require! Dues it require
an u-fenting ution
10 oirar in..n -
faithful advocates. I, lwwever,- had thought
1 .... ii.. M.vilnnfA uT Imimfin to mlli'r. ana alwi
1 ... - .
express that difference. Are the Sedition Laws
to be revived ! Is this to be the reign of terror,
, l. ninrAIi :n Km month nf avarv
1 soppo-in -"B""" - 1 - u unu-rmnon uiai me g-nu-msn who inronuceai,T"'V "nm iiv mat uie samo r
potit-m upon the ruin of 4 Republic And svaalw.Rcso!utiiHihourtoluvaNofih r lion, bemg adorUed by the new Stales, a 1 1
.'- ' ', . . r . : . . '
matter of Party policy, (could t believe such eel-1
nshness polluted this Hall) should these Resolutions
pass, they wiU do rnonv to jnjure the cause of the
from a denartimr brother . in testimony of his re.
gard for our welfare, after hi. interest may have
tobeonewithoun, "Woe to such regard!
VVo4o such prosperity f Were we to adopt il,
"it, would be more tolerable for many ritiet than
face, but containing all the element of deep laid
artifice an enemy in the camp, with a dagger in
his bosom. Shall we be insultingly told that these
Resolutions are expected to effect their declared
object t Is there a nmn here who believes that
the 'reversion of Mr. Mangum's vote would alter
the Journal of the Senate T Will the combined
talent of 4he nation rescind their own deliberate
Can a discerning people, air, discover no other I
. a - a - m - - - tsi t
uoumo has beon ?greioUHly mitKonceiveti, 11 ittion do hereby dissent from and protest against
surrounds them and dismantle them of the drape.
rv in which they are enveloped, and they are no-
thing lew than instructions to Mr. manguin 10
iign. This is the naked truth, and these the fangs
siun. I lll w lire wuvu trum, iiu uivmi uro iuiio i
iiitj uno muiuuu.j cnuvaruivr w triririiv.il ""ri
ter had the instructions been divested ot uecep-
tion, and then .might tfo
been plead in their behalf. But, had tlie won!
rrtia appeared in the llesnlutions, the tocsin ol
alarm would have been sounded, and the friends of
Iroedom would have rallied to the rescue. It would
nave oeen rauier 100 strong a uose 10 sun ino i-
Intn nf hruioot arwl iiulnrti.iliiif nntruila. who sra I
unprepared to sacrihce their country s ooaresi in
wrests on Uie altar of party.
.a a. . w t 4 1 .
hope, sir, that the
result ot tne vote on tne passage ot inose iwssoiu-
a . p I
win prove 10 our cuiMiuueuia iii urey mi
ye some tree Keprosciiutives. l consider, mr.
Speaker, that in thism
Prtnut principle, vu: the right of instructing rnen
from office, who have acted honestly, before tiieir
,erra has, l'rl r'8"J. conceive, deroga-
JoiyJfl - the - Bpirit nf lh ( MM-M
w considerations I have nioiitKNied will suffice to
- - Jfl lxom.iduail)crl.havaouly .toasy.aWep
. I I I 1 .1 IT..I. 1
ep oniiuuiyouar5 awaaeni.y.uiii.a, .
wk of the hammer that would nvrt manactea tot
vyi"r: . t-
, . .. . . .. :.l
?" " s.n . w.i. jtv!"'U xmws.vewm.
aat jnan my man farther 4ma haadhrros io the same t
11 .1 . . ... . 1
when right, is. every r
support Uie AJminitri
will oppose it when 1
j f l r .l
i . . -i m
I kainff In nil. Tnut iiwrfiti.ltnn
Then was our Govern-
I . n.. .1 , .k..l
''T ''VJ -K"--
i hound Kindred awls toirethr. Aoa. n has Become mr
idolatry, and scarcely can a IW4ersr.a Ifsoicalr
J". ao-6-, receive anaintinent Billcai he
! JSrlr7pow.r S
... ... . . ' . '. .
pug priiM;i(Ms wstca aatmstco dot luretiiners in ui
coolest for tbsrty, appears to have keen tmtombed with
their bodies. 1 there is remnsnt left by sbich to
mark their eVeeiriaota, duty call, aloud for its rotary,
" " - "r
c ITh I. wt!!.0!! rT.'.T 11 .t
fc, ue lUutiooar, Patriota whosUllJinger among.Pt
ceadanta bave realised the benefit, of their achieve-
m aa tr ttaar II ft In l.k. Ih.ir ai sk.l.l llu.ir l.l
ments, shall dun bear to their departed friends the sad
tidings of man'a degeneracy 1 Will you give, longer
. TSt Tf rS!' Ur'u ,0M
send them to another and better world, convinced
they have ,uiled ano. their oapruTg the Wees-
uigs of Vwd lAbrrtyl Civil Liberty means tqmmlh-
krfv. and is especial) v adapted for the protection of the
Hpscially adapted tor the protection of the
few. This fat the Liberty of which that nation from
whiclL we sprgn, QglaDd, I sjieaa.) was proud, to
inis at in uoerty tot wnica aer soia urn
I .J l:. i .a c. .J ..)... .. j
wiwL"' - " 7"
death-like voneeance. This m the Liberty of which
--. M-4 . l.l-l.l,i. U .1.. I :
- - - .. . r... . r
,ngled with stars, to light a kenightsd world to free-
doro. This is the Liberty which give, the American
-w P1""' m ,! L . T .
rtjf " fli11!,!;
iui pany aa wen wnen wrong as must vuioicaie ineir own comma, py stating lhat
nana man but his own. I will after the resolutions were introduced, and before
itioowben I believe it riyht; I they wew.adiptcd, rejjwoatrars
believe irwrong. Who, in the .M:n- ,n:m ,.,Lkin:, r .-. ' j
rf jLfg to p-rpctuate. Never lot it
I . . 1 . . ' '. . . . ... .
m ssio tnat we ara uwwnwormyswreTiaanwnruiai
iUtaarimM race, or trsvhnenkmd have degenerated In a
land of Freedom; but prove to the world, ia pit of
sceptic reasonin., that man is capable ot anlf-aovera-
menL anil thai North. Cajulwiaa avauU m tlw k
)7ZZ7rT.i.- 7i ...7riLJlLZTr
1 ,.. innui unm iii rnii. w urrpir il UMunmK
th.. :.kll.lh Ul. -irtof Nnh rolafn-
to rreert to kiss the hand of fovattv. or bom the
I . 1 ; ' - "
i knee before u.e despotic frowns or power; but that they
I . a .. . .. .. - ' . . .
1 would wrench frum tvrannv its acentra and ita emwn.
I " . . . . rr. . ' 1 ' .
And kofcre these RMiliitiins pass, not only a. your fob
itisen. buti as the Reorrntativt of Freemen up.
Uj had been referred l y ,..
racto .. , fitK m you hold liberty dear, and by
it I . jjjj ahonld bind man to bi. enuntry, to strike
101 . . 1 ..j . j 11 .. .1 . . .,1 ...
nlml Bml arwllj ukiw at. iiw nn n u pany con -
bination, which, oivW the niaak of pmt-ction, would
usurp oor rights; and restore-To their original purity,
and hand down to enateritv. not onlv unimnaireH. but
cestors, as the greatest benediction the God of Nature
das permiuea any one man or set M men w ua osier ro
"C,, - ;: ,;.
as uiv watvauu aassavaac a mhi ivi
that an rnlurhlened People, con-
noblest boon, uanTT asp Jvstkk,
upon the man who acknowledges ,
ight but power, and is Jed by
fbreet die People. Be can-
eciiMnv. lef totiMl reason ahell return. -
3 rf yoXTveaZact
ward monitor, which rules ia every man's heart, and
wronirs that you have inflicted upua your country. Act
teaches him his duty to hitnselt, hi. duty to his fellow.
p" bis duty to bis Uod. ; :
PROTEST ON THE LAND DILL.
OCT The following is a copy of the Protest' men-,
tidied in the hut Carolinian, as having been presented
10 Ji;1luril!! .?? !' StotoMMlMiAnilfai
recent session, by Mr. Haywood, on behalf of himself
and others who voted against the resolution in relation
to an equitable distribution of the Public Lands : "
The undersigned, Mcmbcisoflhe Ilouseof Coo -
rumis, exerciMtfig a right secured by the CoMtitu
- " Tf3'
The first resolution affirms that any Act bV
which Congress shall give the' public lands to the
State in which they are situated would seriously
affect the prosperity of the old States, and do great
atlect the prOSIICrity 01 tllO Old BtatCg, and do treat
inttisiice to tnone states by whom they were oriiri-
nay ceded to the Cocifodcracy." 2d. "That any
amj n jj sjmj fpjucej W0UJ terious-
y tt(fUC(j ,e prosperity of the old States, and do
ereBt injiWttce to those States by whom ibey were
oriirtnnllv rMlwl in tha nnnfivlnraKv .
a., , ntmiiiinn. .m kiii , .l.. '
f - : " .. : "V
' ... '.... . . kiiivi ih
one resolution : so that those who could not vote
e . .nM nNavallllj r.
. , ..i....:..i.u .i... .11 ...
" miuviiiaure uu lira iiioiuucrf Ol Ilie
of Comroons are almost if not alloirether
unanjnM)Ui je opinion- that a rraluitous dona.
of fce . wj tn f
may be intuaTed, would be unjust to the other States.' '
wojW iivwyft brech - Uc .:.
whlU WM km)Wn diy-sion Med ' ; ;
ug u to he prflprietyfexprtajiiw
jm!lj85&wfilw stated. . '
Wharafora 'thhik tlw.'nJLrSi. - .1.- j r
WK- 1 J.L.lVi. Jji
" - ww wwia I'lvviwuvM wrvunt
tmi.fy-Miant-mA it arould -mF
i-. ; ..?.f. . .
The yndaraimMd no ant r.hariM thsi it AiA
first reso ution. bv framiiir it mn in nnn
i.i..,. .... ?"r-r-
opinioo upon iwo uurtuicpropositionB, et they
a i' . . i 1 a a . . .
i i j viiiuii ui.iiiivi uiraHiutw i aim ...
"Tt of It ha. been to force the undenigned to . j...t
votaafainst thl .wtirk th mm.wvt i. t.
i" 1177 7T . . TT". 1 ' .7 "
avoia sanctioning inaiwmcn the v could not annrnvni
this niajontyi bave;jptejl in ftyor cTl1uYr"which
(J-jJ ,ri)rove n to egr4M) iil9 necM.
" l they heartily
woc""- The Utter 'conjecture will be strength.
. l ..-. L x c A ' I ' t ' . 1 "
-now bj cwianug ma voto wmcn was iaan upon
the motion to insert the substitute proposed by one
of Ihe undersigned, with- the -vote upon lbe.foal'
pvaaageof these reaxdutwoav- The ground assumed
upon Uiii point U further fortified bv the fact thaf '
" f7 ia. oebate, by several
tho wbo uA tl reaolulior-, that they
bill commonly called Mr. Clay'. Land Bill,' but
wcrv nw mumiKa iur an inuimci sanction OT the '
I that the speakers tbemselvee sroroved of the veto.
ing of that bill by the Treaident, in cotiseouenca
f ,h preference ascured by it to the new Stales,
.h-jiJ. . .t.. j i .
" . v ."- j-
w" i-jcicu, upon ine assumption ; mat Uiey
motion was rejected, upon
who moved the amend inent were influenced by the
lainister intent ion of deflating -tU reaokitions, and
that the amendment did not a ter tlie mmmn. .X
. . . . . .. .. v:
resowuon as eriginally wntten.;
w- k:. r..il. .ut. .k. i.
I ""' " tww ww ui
soom lunner, tnai ine View we nave ore.
prooomlioos in one and the same resolution, cannot
be eluded upon, the pretext that the price of the
public land. Is necessarily coonoctcd with the titer
q ? oecause ine price tnigtil M rvduced to a
,HT,in1 m ' of pving these lands to
derstgned, to this first resolution, declare, that such
I J .. . 1 ... J! . 1' . ... .
sw'-BW.a.lnnrCT1j'weola w t
breach of public faith. ' - "
The reason, for which the undersigned could not "".
mMnM nf thai aii j .1 .
I . - , 1 ' I viiiirou iu Uie
W"" -esoimion, are oneiiy these 1
1 suojoct w one 01 .great d.iwulty, and ia wo
... .. " .
' I l J 1 . t . t . .
';",,u,",' I""!!" iu- on-w innuirt-r, uh.k t
I ' il - . . " !!.'
circunimiicr 11m iiksh wvorawo loriiivt-
ll. . mi II.
iihj mow lavorame mnnveMi ution
I ana vet the tiencraJ AaHemLIv or NnrtK.t 'Ur.,i;...
I .. . -. vniuilliq
were called iisi to act, at a late period of the u.
witlnail any Report from tho Joi..t S. !,n
1 k M
1 "I? ermmat.on of it by flits b,
I . -. th.l it .. . m..,. i..w. . 1.; .1. .1..
1 -m,v - uj--. -uiwi, mu j,
lure of a Stale cannot rsarf latff, but th.it u
only edrtse the Federal Government. We 1
it im. ;n,nt.u..l CM ii.. j: ... , .
luiiuw tiro Ull-lit! ' '
and readily com!
interest alone indie,
.L . . .1. . ,