My produce coIIIhIiHw that if wt advise Congress1
to regulate he price of the public lands to suit the
. iiUurj - aiid -.prosper ity - of rt he- old States only $
so may the new State demand that their interests
ind their advancement shall be exclusively consult-
ed. Tun right of the latter to give their instruc
' tions, ia as perfect uoun. At Uwt, then, it must
' devolve upon Congress to legislate upon thi sub
ject, with ft view to the rights, interest, honor, and
prosperity, of all the State , -
...The undersigned do not undertake Mto determine
that the price of our public laud is too high, or
too low ; but, in either case, the reason assigned in
this resolution of advice to Congress, is, in our
judgment, unworthy of our State, and unwilled to
the character she has always deserved and always
maintained for her devoted and patriotic attdchnient
to the Union of the States, -en- union which can
Dot be preserved, if each member of it acts upon
the principle that her individual interest and pro
pentymtist be exclusively recognized by the na-
tional councils. -
. The' injury to our prosperity, which it was main
ry urged (in the debate on these resolutions) a re
duction in the price of our public lands would uro-
duoe, is, that it would iarrcase, emigration from
North Carolina, to the Western Stateu. Now this
limy or may not be tnieT" BulTTTrue, does it form
"a just consideration, by which tje Congress of the
' United States are to be influenced in regulating the
price of the public kinds T And if it were so, who
JL can pretend that it is one of such prominency as to
hut out all others from their view I - To us it a
pears almost self-evident, that, sopioaing the reason
.to be suod, the conetusitNi which fidloWs froiii it
niust be, Hint the price of the public lands ought
to be increased, nay, that our Ijand Offices ought
' to be doted I Moreover, if it were conceded that
tlie prosperity of the new States injuriously affects
the interests of the old ones, by withdrawing a por
., tioo of tlieir poMdution, we more than douU the
honor or justice of instructing our Representatives
... in Congress who convene to legislate for all the
western as well as the eastern, northern, dim! south
ern State, to contract the sphere of their politi
. cul observation within bounds narrower than the
. icAoc Union and to look at the interest aud pro
spority of a part on! g. We deprecate such a course,
as selfish and unatriotic ; and we protest against it,
as having a. tendency ...to create ilaugerous jeulou.
i sies and kindle the most invidious peelings among
the States.' It treats the new States as if they
- were foreign governments; and by regarding their
prosperity, their honor, and their glory, as .so ma
ny impediments to our own elevation.
We do not indiwd admit the propriety, ordinari
ly, of sacrificing the rights of North Carolina, for
promoting the interest of other sections of the
country ; but we likewise protest against the envi
ous demand of regarding our interest alone, with
out respect to the rights of others. Not to enlarge
more upon this topic, we earnestly ask with what
decency can the Representatives of North Caroli
na denounce the selfish motives upon which alone
rests this unftsinded claim of a new State to the
exclusive enjoyment of the common property of
the Union, whilst the very grounds upon which we
require then to resist that claim are neither less
jimoble nor more disinterested T II our represent
tn fives must regulate the price of the public laiitls
i?as to retard the settlement of the new States,
- because it is our interest to do i, will not the new
8tateabe exonerated Lforlajminjk iheexclusiyc
ownership of the lands, because it is their interest
to do soT
-11 further, we "protest .against the second Resolu
tion! Because, after asserting that the public debt
la neidr it arroneously .coaelwios-jl hot. therefore, a
distribution of the public lands ought to bo made
: among all the States f Docause, it requires that dis
tribution to be made absolutely, and without refer-
-Site to th luatio of our national finance.- No
matter whatniay uetheTexIgeiicIea of the nation,
"no matter what the rircumstnnces of the country,
(so far as th'n resolution is concerned,) the stream
ol wealth whicit nows trom inis source 01 our .a
' . tional Treasury, and distributed among the Stati
5 even-though thew shall be a want iur money to
" meet the legitimate expenditures of the Federal
Government it must not be supplied from the pro
eoSdV of the public ' lands' f tHeaemiisV go To the
w-, PtatpviKl the JtfatiwmLTfljajw
' ished by additional taxes, or by creating a national
'UV-TSSSmSMm Uf yuf lW'eM-ind-blgt
statesmen have well doubted the constitutional
pnver of Cm(resslo becoihe in any' form fhe dis
punsers of public money of othet bounties to the
State ; ana this resolution not only acknowledges
- . the right, "but. enjatns it upon Congress, to exercise
' the doubtful power." Honce, too, sonie'Sfaios which
4eem thejrjsJilical priiicii(k filthy lucre,' would
hi coustrained to re lino an acceptance of its pro
p rtiMi, whilst those which entertain dilTiront opi
.f.i,in ".smiwU. Uluk. iImhm f wd uthers., i'W tnitht
" birterlluoir principlea.Jo. aocure .a share of the
spoils. ; v. ..-,?.. - - ,
' The undersigned refer to the substitute which
'was offered by one of them as an amendment to
. tins resolutiou ; and they conn Kwitly ruiy upon tue
judgment of an iintarlial people, that it aiTords a
douulo guaranty against me aangers nt coitiimini
from the unnecessary accumulation of national re
.tu the one band, and the Cwr.of 4isuipalioa
t. in he exercise of.unsrnnted or dou!tfu powers by
rVloral UuVernmcut, oa. Xha.uChur,
mm 4iydnii-.liiini tn.mir Senators,
which, in our iuuVment jbey would be, if discon
nected from the circuinstancea under which t hoy
pnsd tlie House of Gmimikhis i - Because, it was
distinctly avowed in debate, by some of those who
' . 0 .1 . at
the namnze el ine rwwuiuions, mat
worn i.ii " imtriH-lnmi to our ouiHttors, and this
w uiiuinod in by the"wlkincoriieifyn,lf
r oihnr member of the maiority. Because, a
' Irrge 0roporlan of th ' member of thrl!rofl
- UummtMM, wno nau, wiring mw oossiuii, r
the right of the General Assembly to instruct the
- H-nmbtPi, yet Toted ta tavur ot iam imsuiuuom.
B.caii, these resolutions were introduced, aud the
vote was finally taken at a bite period of the ses
.;.. .ml tfint nuuiv membera- had obtained leave
of absence, aud many other were not present to
J!, of Common, Vkh January
Si "tied, William II. Haywood, Jr., Philip" Won,
Y, .-ike W. Braswcll, Jh lirown, i A. uwyn,
kl . ic Carter, James M. Hutchison, I nomas ia-
t'lam, S. Register, Turner Bynum, J. L. Smith,
). !L. Kenan. Thos. J, Judkins, L. II. Marsteller,
!'ri Founhee, , . . . .
, Li H Protest waa ordered to be spread at Urge
. c . ,v j-iuimla tue uiwi. t .
RELATIONS WITH FRANCE.
Copied rum iheSa(ionul lateltigencer.
ABSTRACT OF MR. CLAY'S REPORT
On the nbjeci of the I'renck ImU mnity prevented to
the Senate on ike iitk instant.
1 lie Report sets out with expressing the entire
concurrence of opiniou of the Committee with the
President as to the justice of tlie claims for the pay
ment of wTiIclheTreaty bet ween the"' V ntted
States .and -r ranee makes provision. They had
their origin in flagrant violations of the law of Na
tions, and of our. neutral riguts for which the pre
tence alleged at the time ail'orded no justification.
At the period of those aggressions, the Government
of the United States would have been fully justified
had it then amiealed to arms to vindicate our out
raged rights ; and it was a" fart known to those who
were conversant with the history of the times, that
the expediency of such a measure had been serious
ly considered in the councils of the United States.
The election, between tlie two belligerents, by which
another Nation became the enemy at that time,
arose not from any insensibility to the injuries re.
ceived froju J'rancs, but from considerations of a
different nature. Restrained by prudential consi
derations from then making war upon France, the
United States had yet resolved never to acquiesce
in the wrong and injustice done to them, but to
persevere in the demand of indemnity until it should
be obtained. As early as 1312, one of our most
distinguised citizens, appointed Minister to France,
was instructed to demand reparation for these
wrongs, and the demand had been persisted ia by
every Administration from that day down to the
conclusion of the 1 reaty of loJl
The report then goes on to say, that of these
claims the amount had not previously to the Trea
ty Leen fully ascertained, and could not be .exactly
known until they were finally adiudicatcd ; but the
lomuiittoe concur entirely with the President m the
opinion that the amount awarded by the Treaty, by
way or indemnity, fulls far short of the just claims
of our citizens, uicluding damages. 1 he 1 reaty
had nevertheless been received in this country with
general satisfaction, for several reasons, but, more
than all, for the reason that tlie People of tlie Uni
ted States saw in it the removal of the only obsta
cle to x:rfect harmony between this country and a
nation, the rememberance of whose ancient friend
ship was ufways dear to them. It bud hot been
for a moment supposed that a Treaty between the
two countries, being mi Hie luce of it a perfect obh
gation, would be violated by tlie failure of either'
party to perform the stipulations on iU side, it.;
and so little did Congress apprehend such a state
l things, that they wssed several Acts fisinded up-
on the Treaty, one of which was to provide for the
investment of the money to lie received under the
Treaty, in some productive fund, for the benefit of
the cfaimanls, until the adjudication of the claims
should be completed. In consequence of this last
provision, when the first instalment became due, a
draft was drawn for the amount, the protext of
which was the first notice of the non-execution of
the Treaty. To the miuiucr in which this draft
was drawn, perhaps, on tlie scorce of formality or
etiquette, some exception might- be taken ; but the
Committee are unanimously of opinion that the
mode adopted, of drawing tor the money, was fully
juat ifiud by the terms of the treaty. Il is. with pro
found Regret, says the report, that the Committee
have learnt the failure of the reasonable expectations
of the Executive and of the country, aa to the exe.
cution of the Treaty. - - -
Ihe report gocon to say, aa the President m
his message justly remarks, the idea of acquies
cence in the refusal to execute the Treaty can ne
ver be for a moment entertained. The United
Htntes cHn TOver abandon their right under it
When negotiation for procuring the execution of
the I reaty shall be exhausted, it will then be Tor
the United States to consider what other measures
are necessary to procure their rights to be respect
ed. In tlie opionion of the President, that period
has already arrived, and lie has recommended to
Congress to authorize Reprisals, in the event of a
failure of France promptly, tq make payment, die.
The President, however, does" not present the
course of . Reprisals aa tlie only one open to Con
gress; but, by the admission of the alternative of wai-
4inff flmhiifLtime (br'tttt action of the French
Chambers, leaves to the choice of Congress the two
course97of fiirther negotiation, orof contingent
measuro wiucn, in its consequence, may pnssimy
lead to war. As to the latter course, if the habits,
inclinalicMW, and interests, of tbia People, are oppo
sed to war when not "una voidable, with'what added
force do not all these objection apply to a war with
an ancient ally, towards whom the People of the
United States entertain the kindest sentiments I
Partaking oT this- sentiment ihemaelvesythe Com
tnittee extended (heir inquiry, first into the practi
cability and expediency of the peaceful alternative
presented by the message.
The report here proceeds to a critical analysis
of the correspondence (between our Minister and
the French Ministry) which preceded the forma
tion of the Treaty, showing, by various quotations
from it, that, throughout the negotiation, the King
of France evinced the most friendly feeling to
wards the United States, and took an unusual in
terest . in the adjustment of the quest ipq . bet i
Minister had been remind-
the Ministers would have to encounter from the
Chambers in consequence of the Treaty, dtc To
this history ol the negotiation the Committee did
not advert to justify the omission of the French
Government to carry into effect tlje Treaty ; the
iTTfficutty now exiierienced in the French Chambers
being en iflair between them and their own Go-
veniineut, and not between them and our Govern-
fnetX.-" -Bal the Commilt had recurred to this
correspoTHSence, because, after the warnings which
were riven of the dilficulties which would have to
ha eucounuyed, a lair foostructiou ought to be put
upon the course of the King and his Ministers in
this matter. If the Kin; has throughout acted
with good faith, and is still laboring to, eflecl tbe
passage of a bill in the Chambers to carry into ef-
feet the Treaty, it would be not only unjust, as
respects the French Government, but impolitic,
and unwise, as respects the claimants themselves,
tn throw Obstacles in the way of the success of the
King s exertions, by tbe adoption of rash or hasty
measures, even contingently, which might convert
some of the wsrm friends in the Chambers into
bitter enemies of the claims.
The report then proceeds to the consideration
of what has transpired since the ratification of the.
Treaty: carefully reviewingJiiiK analysing Jhe
curresnoodcuce which baa since passed between
mtee express ihpal pleasure they have
ral of the letters from our Secretary
our Minister in Fraifce; and they consider it due
to candor to declare that they have seen no rea
son since to'distrust the sincerity or perfect inte
grity of the King in this matter.
It having been arranged in the correspondence
which followed the -tejectk of. the bill -by the
Chambers, that this uovernment inouia await iur
ther action of the French Chambers before taking
any other step, the Committee proceeded to exa
mine oo what ground the President now recommendi
action without waiting. They review the corres
pondence between the trench Minister here and
our Secretary of State, in reference to the suppo
sed pledge of the trench Minister for an extraor
dinary convocation of the Chambers. The Com
mittee do not find such a pledge, though they find
every assurance th it the earliest practicable op
portunity .will be seized for pressing the bill upon
Tliev find an expression of ao f XDCctation on the
part of the President that the King will use his
whole constitutional power, (which includes" the
power to convene the Chambers at any time,) but
they do not find that expectation to have been re
siiomled to by the r rench Minister ; or if it was,
the document containing the response has not been
communicated to Congress, &c.,&c If the Cham.
bers had been Convened earlier than usual, though
nothing should, have been done ny them, at the
time that Congress met, it is not probable, says
the Report, that the President would have held
the language towards r ranee which is contained
in his Message : nor would he, if he had known
what subsequent intelligence has disclosed, that
the chambers were to meet on the 1st of Decern
The reasons assigned by the French Minister for
not calling an extra meeting of the Chambers,
were plausible at least ; and if they do not cam
mand conviction, wo'ild justly acquiescence in the
course ot the King, if, the -Ceflimtttoe are en.
ti rely convinced, throughout the negotiation, and
on all occasions, before the treaty and after the
treaty, tlie- King- has invariably shown an anxiouo
desire for the satisfactory adjustment of the dif
ferences between France and the United States.
The opposition to the execution of the treaty
had not proceeded from the. King of France or his
Ministers, but from the Chamber of Deputies.
Wh,M theMe exertions are making by the trench
'ovenimem, me poucy or mis uovernment is to
' wrengiiien inein 10 sbcwmi xnem ouu, aoove ui
to do notbing to imjtair the force of them
The refusul ff one branch of a Government, it
is true, (says the report) to execute a Treaty, may
he regarded as the refusal of the whole Govern
meu( ; bill, when the head of the Government
evinces the earnestness which has been shown in
this case by the political head of the French Go
vernment, such a conclusion ought not to be hastily
drawn. Upon the whole, tlie Committee are of
opinion that the time has not yet arrived when
Congress is called upon to go into the consideration
01 tne very serious question, whether they wil
enter into any measure for the purpose of taking
mto their own bands redress of wrongs by r ranee,
rhejCommittee are of opinion that Congress
ought to avoid any resort to war, or to the mea
sures which may lead to it, and rattier, wait
see. the result of the exertions which the French
King k undoubtedly making to carry the Treaty
into lull ettect.
The committee agree In opinion with the Presi
dent, tliat we cannot now go behind the Treaty,
that the question of the fuct of wrong and the
an wont of indemnity must be considered as closed
by' it "But ,' loir all other pjrfr08es,"tbe "commit tee
'say, the door is still open to negotiation. Th
misapprehensions on the subject of this treaty, and
the claims of the United States, which appear to
have existed in tlie French Chambers, and preven
ted their legislature action on the Treaty", may be
removed by explanations, die, which the United
States should bo ready sipd willing to make. .We
might indeed proudly and coldly hold up the trea
ty in. our hand, and say to France, for our only
argument, Here is your bond ! But it is due to the
dignity and fhe character of this -nation to satisfy
r rancg nntTrntT-worM- ffwriy-Hwwt-slx haa givoa
her obligation to pay the money, we would scorn
loaccepi u u it couki oe shewn mar it was not
accorded in conformity to the principles of immuta
ble justice.,,.., -.- .. i.t,-
Many cases hve oecurred in our history in
which we have received from other nations inju
ries which, if so minded, the United States might
have considered just cause of war, which might
have been prosecuted at the expense of thousands
of lives and millions of money. Other and better
counsels, however, had prevailed, and peace pre-
erved, with ultimate advantage to the country.
Even in the case of France, our claims, resisted
for more than twenty years,' have been at length
acknowledged, as they ought to have been at first.
We have the act of the treaty-making power for
liquidating them, and, sooner or lator, says the Re
port, the provisions of the .Treaty must be fufilled
by the other brandies, of that Government.
nigbt stop, haying expressed their opiuioa ia favor
o.the altarnative discuasetL-Jlut. they ioel-bound
to say something on the other branch of the Presi
dent's suggestion, that we ought to take redress
into our own hands without further delay, sliould
the approbation for the treaty not be forthwith
a I, j - j ii T O ii i i . "
prisats, recomaiended by the Message as a pacific
measure, tlie report says they are indeed not War,
but they may lead to War. It is inconceivable
(hat powerful and chivalrous .nation like France
would quietly submit to the seizure of the property
of its unobVtidina citizens minaiino lawful
made by the r rench Chambers. In regard to Re-
o r a K.'iu-
merce. , In our own Coostitutioa the-power to
grant letters ot Kepnsal is sufficiently classed
among the powers of Congress, with the power to
declare war ; and the Committee are not satisfied
that Congress) can constitutionally delegate the
power to make Reprisals. The committee cannot
conceive, the Report says, any reason why an ap.
propriation should not be made by tbe French
Chambers to carry the Treaty into effect ; but,
even supposing it possible that thoir just expecta
tion in this rmpect should be disappointed, the
Committee, without entertaining an unreasonable
distrust of the E
that Congress ought to retain to itself tlie right of
juugmg at wnai time, and upon what state of things,
reprisals ought to he resorted bv. For the present,
jlie Comimttce axe of opiuioa that Congress should
trcrnmsmrnn... 1 - I 1,1 tirlfn R 1
.... aw J . - I
viewed as a measure of intimidation.
Government and People will look to our acts, and
not to our professwns, and Congress iweu woum
do the M,heVscnt Rations of France
and the United States inverted, &c, ,.
But; should the inquiry be made, if t ranee per-1
sTrfl in Tcfusing- 'taet-lbe.,Taty.whatshft I
then be done! the Report says the committee wiu
not anticipate such a result. 1
... . .. i.nL .
as -they now exist, aud will not
the impenetrable future. X his
" .... mt
wnen less powenui in numuen ouu
at present, that it knows how to vindicate lU
rights, when a resort to measures of redress is ex-
pedient and proper. When necessary, we shall
not shrink from what duty may again demand of us.
Whonovor h nrrnsion mav arise, it cannot De
doubted that our united counsels will triumphantly
maintain the rights, the honor, and the interests, ol
the country, by all the means within their power.
As things now are, however, the Report concludes
by sarins that the Committee think it expedient to
leave Congress unfettered and free to act according
to circumstances as they may hereafter occur. I
The Report concludes with the following resolu-
Rctolved. That it is inexpedient, at this time, to pass
ny law venting -in tlie President authority for ma
king reprisals upon French pro(ierty, in tlie contingen
cy of provision not being made for paying to the United
States tlie indemnity stipulated by tlie Treaty of lrvil,
during the present session of the r rench Chambers.
STATE RIGHTS "-GOING AHEAD."
From the New- York Advocate.
nr. i ... . .. .i.. .1.. ti .j. t . i i .
. . .. ".i- iv. u , i
Aieoctation in this City have become organized,
j i: . i. : : .
i e .i i .i- l i. i . r
good iaith. In tlnbeniL'hted section of our coun -
? -,k .k i j.::a,,: : o.i ,i.
u m nuiiv tiiu kvaiiaiisiox i uutni to n ini) wisv iiiu
Uposition are a party where every thing is
scouted and discountenanced, by the leaders and the
servile press, that does not come in aid of, or chime
in with, the views and calculations of tlie present mo-
wbjecu wiU be listened to by either clak In this
J ... . A
respect (thanks to party machinery) the State of " VT ' , Z " iTxi'll o '- "rm
New York is about as far behind the rest of the la8, ,f the hoPe ,eft Nortb C"1
Union and the age, as the French claims are of Mr. Norcum thenentered into the history of tbe
beincr nnid nt leant a noarter nf a rentnrv. Rut acquisition of these lands, from the time of Charles
the days of personal parties and partizans are
numbered; thev cannot control public opinion
much longer ; the People are beginning to inquire,
"cut bono f" they are beginning to think, and, ere
long, they will be willing to read, and, understand
ing their rights, they will soon discover the course
that their duties minim them In rainum. Tlie
party press too slavish as its course has been
and yet is in most cases begins to flutter in tlie wouW thcl,r proceeds; but they would ultimate
wind. Symptoms of restlessness appear in some P mto ,he ..J!.?!".!!!!:
quarters, and when the excitement progresses a Mr. Norcum tlien described the present meW
little further, their interest, if not their principles," choly conditioli of North Carolina aJttd if, any
will decide the matter; tbey must advocate de- had devised, or could devise, means to change ker
mocratic principles, or the people will not support condition without this fund argued that she tails
them. be resenerated only by system of Interml b-
- In the proceedings which PlloW) there is one
resolution recommending a Convention of the
Slalr$,fur the purpose of amending the CtMRtitu -
Uon, which cannot be too soon or too earnestly
i .i :j . r .i . ii- mi f
prompju uiuu lira coimooniiioii oi ine puuilO. k niS
is si very weighty and imtortant politicat tnovement
and, uinler any circumstances, will require a con-
siderable length of time to bring it to a cpnsumma.
tton"Tlial.8onle anwndmcufis requirwi.'TaTiarl
ry-tlmrbted byTrnjTne.-The-ab8uTtfhy oT
ting the doctri'w of constructive or implied poreri
to lie exercised by Congress, or by any omeer of
the Government, can no longer be tolerated in this
country with safety. The pregnant instances ofl
abuse, both m- the Legislative and Executive de- " Mr.lfaywood then followed with a sbort speeck,
partments of our Government, call aloud for reform, professing not to understand the subject, and its
The Constitution must be so drawn as to be per. timr that, as if was "a'siibioci involved in rreatAt
fectly iirtelligiMe without a gltwsnryj and especially
no powers must be concwled or granted that are
not "specified in the bond" of the Union: notEing
should be left to construction or implication. ..
W bave often alluded" to the" imperfections of
the preseurCoimfnulM otietleVrarelsT'Wr
never havenor do we -now, propose to specify
them in oeUil, or to discuss the question at large ;
aJjifJ.iiAi jre" Jne'jpniiiWfetvtbe
"""""'K iwiuiwin oi ure nssiiciaiion, as sunjecis
worthy ot tbe serious consideration of the public.
STATES RIGHTS ASSOCIATION.
A special meeting of tlie "New York State Rights
Association" was. hell oa Ibeltita of December, H(4.
The Mesmge of Governor Tssewell, to the Legisla
lure of Virginia, having been read
It was moved and carried, that a Committee be ap
pointed by the Chair to draft resolutions and submit
them to the Association.
The Committee, hy their Chairman, reported the
following resolutions, which were unanimously adop-
Retolvti. That thenolitinl intetliimuw ,a
publicauism, elevated feeling, and undevkting sdhe-
rence to nute Kip-hts. wTnch hav fWr nei rar-lnr.
nml thu iriTiiml -ruminiinirnWrof Virginia, give Her
tT. SU"r :
rights of the States and the People which she did in down' ,he lcBaer f ih Por,J had been so com
W ; and that every sincere democrat wiM be proud to p'etely demolished, as to give op the contest, sw
R41ow, m the path of principle, one- so well sntiUed to
Resolved, That the late
mesmge of Governor
receive the hetrtv annrohation nf all uhm.
dues not consist in U mere atwumptioaof a name, or
errue aunerence to ine uwges ot a dominant party
.which his abandoned iu.fiimllnini.i.1
relying iiion its discipline and ennscion of it power. 1
" ciiiui rrciunv disregard mr even uieappetrance
of political consistency.
Resolved, That the obvious tendency to csolidation
of the mnvemen'i nf th Fiwtonl r!.u.i.nn. . .1
- - uuiviiuikiii, uio ro-
croachments of the Executive; the growing laxity of
Constitutional construction ; the conflicting claims of
State jurisdiction and Federal power, which are con
stantly agitating the country and threatening the ties of
the Unm all proclaim the necessity and expediencr of
w-.. . ..- . .vj., vr inn oiAi Co lor tne nuiy
ffw f ,ti:H j r ... r
pr-a u, uni uiucmicn, wcunng rignts, preventing
future dissention, and perpeUiating the existence of our
Federal system. .
Rrtnl i W. That, hnlievintr A rnWPVTIftM nil
rilK STATES essential to the preservation of their
rewrveo npnw, tne continuance of the delegited now
era of the Federal Government. mnH ika iTn. J1 l.
. 1 " viiphi ji
States, this Association doth recommend the ume to the
earnest consideration of the friends of State RishU,
Union, and a true democratic cuustruction of the Cuo-
M r HIH ITU. I 1 171 1 HUH nasWtfilaliiu. 1 .
ur mm, eW as eomwelod w.U, , ninZ!l
correctprmrip.es, and is arefor.
iiri ti i iir mr 1 1 iim biui isi i ifirnf.... ua
uoi inclined to eni,a,
an particular kti.i enH. i
IVesidency, to gUfy pensn.1 i:?0
but It im .,111.-
ant scheme of a nartv convvntw u w:.t "PP0 to
I . ... iri ' . -i." wuicaa i
of nominal reimblicaiis and practical cotS
j rryr " '"iuf innuence, and l
presented to tlie iLTT 7
Mme ar)d with W fabricated aanrtrf
erotic candidate, and succeed by the ingenious dec'
Among Wis requisite accomplishment of th j ' 7"
..i.i. 1 . - w.t
democracy, proved not merely by profeisions. batZ,'
. . i&JJEi.
aiMj Bn "unqualified and uncompromising aostUiiu
every species of consolidation, J .
Ou motion, (lrilv:d. That the" proceeding) f .j.
meevine oe puuiisi.ea.
a R. KIRBV-,NReodiBg8ecreta7;
From the Raleigh Star,
PUBLIC LANDS. -The
following proceedings in the House of Com;
mons, took pluce on Saturday and Mondav fU 1 1
and 5th instant, on the Resolutions in relatina i
the distribution of the proceeds of the Public lUixJs,
w hen tno order ot tlie day was annomu-t v.
Henderson rose and stated the object in briii"W'
them forward at this time took a cursory vu,
at the present prospect of the country, and in i
r. i i j. . .. . .' .
; "-") '"r
inHuHAil ivlud anil Lif.it ml ,u ..1. . . ;. . .
uiiciiui aim piussic siyie, ucpiciea the moral LV
ence uon the country that could be effected,
we the funds to aid us in carrying ouf the de.
sires of every patriot of the land. Mr. Heiidt,.
son disclaimed any intention of making a speeck
on the subject ; but only desired to throw the mL
joct open to the House for discussion. r
Mr. Norcum and Mr. Haywood both ruw
the floor but Mr. Norcum being in advance. a.
, ., A.tt
IC " --"-l miv" i
ceeded in gaining it. He informed tlie House flat
m c miui uidu uie iiou hat
b had risen to make a speech on the subieetiiyuL
1 v- . r , .. J L 1 , .-' wot,
M e believed it fo be a subject of more import.
ance than any subjlct which had engaged the it.
tent ion of the House lor many years, he would 1"
thdr attention to the reflections he bad made ml
ii, anu parucuiany mat ponion 01 us members
who were opposed to the Resolutions; tor be ):A
,he coui nf? ? .unbMMed m,nd. ' T
In ifnvirTnn that thtr tniidBnMtnB atn,,. j it .
1 UP t0 ,hcir '' 'W be Gerierat Goverumert,
and showed clearly that, since the object lorwhkk
they were ceded had been answered, they of right
should revert back to "us." Having fixed the riftkt,
bo wont on to prove, from what had passed, thai if
we did not secure them soon, or before the neit
census was taken, and the new members under it
from ,,,e We8t " taken their seats, we never
proveinent so general ia-its febttraeter as lo kt (A 1-
I tnrougnoui the state, and by rublic cschools. JRt.
1 Nrthef sbowedi by estimates, that it would teks
1 from fburio six iiuluoiis" oi dollarii fd eflecl Tbessfl
I l.. . rH.i ... . . i ii . . . i ' .v.:. ml
"'J""" u aiicnqn i ia we petiole
keep down tlie interest on this sum, would be iav
pos-tible, even. Could she " borrow the "prinAftl, .
"out to his mtn'1heShry"fcnsible"lcTieiii
the means could" be raised to cflcct these desinils!
ends.. Mr.N. held'the floor about an hour; luH,
I throughout his argument, was listened to with the
greatest attention and respect by the Housy .
I ' ... .. . . w" - - a . ..
ficulty, he moved Id refer it to a committee 1 JsV
Graham followed, and opposed the motion; aad, is
shew that this question waa mot involved in any
fruit, but Ua history and bearing well known, t
terod into a discussion of the subject, in a speeck
views, and illustrating and embellishing thesotjeef
with a force of reason and eloquence not oflea beasl
tne visible etlects produced on the House ny m
srs. Norcum and Graham had shewn hint lbs ptrtf
was taken from the control of its leaders. Tbe
commenced a series of measures to gaia tins ssl
rally, the party agiwt-he-r elwt in. A' ik
mishing was kept up until dark, when tbe Hoa
On MoiKlay, the war commenced with a long
parry Jackoon speech from Mr. Bragg. Sa,u,J
nipht. Somln v. aad Siindav niirhL bad been OCCU(
o j f j is j
in drilling the party ; so that by this tune they m
grown from 8 or 10 to about 40. Mr. Haywod
. oifcred substitutes ud to the last nsp ; but ta
House voted down s II motions for delay,
I sMirwililiilsssi Arbpvi
Thj ring the day, MrtOutlaw bandied Mr. Bri
I beu the tot was called forA irty fled over
the ninnnrt nt thn Annnsilinn. Thev COUM
I verv well until lh vma and navs were calH
where the people could see who were in iscTW
them, and who for. part meamrth. 8ome W
some dodged, but (he mass came over and vote
against Jackson's great land scheme 8i to W.
It WM niiain tn Wvmwlwm. who WW 1 'M
secret, to see what iVwnnra'te eflbrts were Bisde w
rally the party, and to look oil the writbmgtrf
managers under the force of sound sense and I
son. Had Mr. Ha v wood succeeded m getting
Ami k.. ...I jr rlnhate OB I"
pwi uin, ira . wmiiu iMrv vu. vw " j
IIMnll Mr mmiln. In
would thus have defeated them ; but Mr. Nore U
.rw.Ji r l. k.t fi-n from
to have anticipated that move, and so got the "
of Mr. Haywood.
- In the Senate, tie part succeeded by
the floor, moved lo lay them on the table, cuf"
the debate, and, by a few votes, gained ,nW."
But the people will look at the Journals, u
through this. They will show these gentle"
that their love for Jackson and party not to,
shall not prevail in their public servants T'
TJ 'm al a ,
ney looaeu at iiuugn i wwit m uilcouich. ui wuum ueinocrau)- ccq confUii
attempt to anticipate ntted to discharge with fidelity and prudence th.h'il
Nation has shown, resiioie amies sppenainin to the Chief u.
.j " ... tracy of this Union, Uiey recoemie a en J
love lur the btaltw.