! Ik ii0 Yvh Himt.
. MIL .VAN DURE AND THE HOlTTlL
tv- i,... I l1.I uit.Ni from several imrt of
It faither States, Ui My what wa tha of
ti. V... it..-.- ...., IK Ufa war with Great
Bnam what hi own oftbro kk'ii and
aoutbara princinUe wor whether be supported
Mr. LUnl'W iu oreiersnoe W flir. .nanaou, aim
kl -war lii view and mWi m toe
. ... - .i
(Juration. , .
Wa confess thai we art pleased to hear the
3M(iou4 nikoJ that the de-ierioMiatioo of Gsn.
ackaon lo pre Mr. Van Burao upon I ha nation
at bta KxMuf meet with proper oppulKin, and
(hat a general tUm prevail at the bar prospect
f nruutiiaiinc th evil under which the country
U bow euuVing. All thai U aaceaaary ia the1
people to reed, to think, to act, lo awake (turn a
sleep of rfoliMMM, and M a Incoming liiloro (if
Ik euuotrj. la answering the questions, wkal
we shall amy we can prova we aUia nothing wi
mere rumor w puUiab beta, and dare denisl.
Mr. Vaa Buren u alec ted a Senator from Co
lumbia cmirty, tr Iha trat lime, to 1913, by a
who wart oihkmikJ to iamea Madivjo, and tbo puli'
ItciaiM of ilia uuiK,lnd ba actnd Cr lb lima tottb.
fully with that prly. la Nowmbrr, 191 J, ha
tuA bia aaat ia tha Hrnata, and a few day a a for.
varda a rrand caucu waa callod lo aelnct camli.
dataa tit Iba Klflctoral CuIIam. At thia caucua tra
think Juhn Taylor, of tha Sonata, and Nathan Hand-
. - fiird, of Of Aawmbt, praaidad tha invitation wu
tratwinittMi only to mninbnra of Iba Irgialatura.
John C. IIungnuorfn of Polumbta, tbmwwr root
' of Tmy, and awrthnr pemon, oo owinbura, oUain-
. . ' . . 1 Ll M t . . 1
4 adiniaMon into ina oonaia voaniuor on uw w
Mr. Van Duran, who had dmhi preparing hirmelf
for thia) caucu ainca hi awction in April, maoa a
atrongnoech,fnllof (breaand wihemonca, f r near
y two iHNira, in (avor of Da Wilt Clinton, who had
baen nominated on Iha Wih of Mar prrcodinff, and
" waa Iba arorptod eandidata of Iba ultra fcloral par
tr. Mr. Van Buro drew a ilraat and compart'
Jm aua bf Iveea Mr Clinluo and M. Madiann, highly
in Ctvor of Iba former, and olled to Mr. Madiaon
oo rarioua "roqnda be proouuncod hit policy C-
. '. . it .1
bM. na cuiMOerea nun warning in an ina omciiuim
fliwlitiea Bocewaary to eonduct tha'aflairaoftbo na
lion ha enndrmod en maaaa tha whole of tha
' - a-wthera putilkkua aoi tWr moaaurea, In Tnrolv
ifi Iba ouuntry in a ruinnua war. He arownd. hi
autira emirtion that Mr. Madiaon and hi ndvi-
' aer could never conduct that war lo a aoccwmful
iaaue I and hii entire belief thai nothing could el
trtcata tha country from ita thraldrom and pending
rain, but tha eocene of Mr; Clinton, and Iha epul
' aijo from tha couocila of tha nattoa of tha politi-
ciana of Iba South. Ilia language waa M loud and
troci 2 " on theae potota. . H I call on thia meeting,
aid Mr. Van Bureo, "to auataia the claim of Iha
Btate of New York agaioat Iba nntiring ambition
- . ; of Iha South;--! call on thia mertinjg to amitairiiha
claim of Mr. Clinton to the Preeidencr -a a man
better quahftrd, in mind and in energy of character,
- to coodiict the operatKxta of thig government.
General Eraatu Root (and he M now living, and,
if wa do not atata beta, can correct u) Allowed in
a alrong republican apeoch in favor of Mr. Madiaon.
lzIathan 8anfir4 kw tpokt k hia behauVtU rmm
"JStH grew warm and eiceedingty animated. . Bug
a Irt ilubhard, Senator from Troy, and Martin Van
Bu'ran lwuia lhaTeadiiig'apeakere In Favor of Mr.
Cfiotoa i General Rout, Nathan Bandford, and
z:z- aoma otbera, left iha caucua.
.... . q0 jijj g November, both Uouaee met to
:--.chuoa eloctora luc.Preaidaut and Vka Paidwit
.and on rofarring lo th journal, tlto- name of Mr.
Van Buren will be fbund rerordod agaHiat Jam
Madiaon. General Root and a. few othere voted
tbo Madiaon ticket, on which were the name of
Gubrii'l Havana, John; Targoe, Jeaaee Buet, Jona
than FUk, OiC .lSiC. -r-
llra wa hive tha wot that tha eandidata who
Uarnaon Oray, una and toe pence party general
ly, owed hia nomination, in a great part, to Iba seal
and activity of Martin Van Buren. ."
-. From tlii pnaitiua ha cannot eacapa, and ha will
do the aamajliing. again M nwrrow,if iha &utli
"alMHild ifuiM to be (he pliant eupporter of hi pre
".'k Jt. jOaVJUuJlaBn- CKffiCwa
"Tiiirortuuuto, Mr. Van Buren very naturally deaort
ed him. : lie joined GorertHir ToorpVina, mmJo
Lia ptiala with Mr. Madiaon, and' waa appointed to
a valuable ofTice yet, when Clinton' atar waa
..again rininjf, ba joined him m 1818 rhn CTTnton '
la lS'JO wa again unHirtunate Mr. Van Buren de-
aerted to the Uucktail party.-1 -
-Aa to hi -eptnion of the South, and on the ad-
mistion of Miaaouri, wa can any with confidence
from our own knowledge, that he regarded tha ad.
nuwion of new State to tba South and Weal, a
materially impairing tha power and influence of
liie INortaj and about thia time, and on the agita
ting of these very auhjects, a bold and. injuJiciou
article appeared in the Albany Argua, thon and
now tha Stattf Moer. an article ore oared and mih.
lished without doubt by authority. Tha .developjea J
Tnent. ot a grand conloileracy, or rather ao,ttemi)t
rrHoowrcorMj vmofi DYujuUns the voloiof Ohio.
New York, and Pennsylvania for Van Buren, givea
at thia time considerable interest to the luiclo in
It i a fact, which ia atngular, from ita not bar.
ag attracted more general observation, that our
ablwt etatoimen, not ouly from the North, but in
the .8outh.havo. recently apoken on tha floor-of
i i:C,nSreMi w'lh the greatest apprehension ofthe
alnrming increaiw of the confederacy. Thi ia ALU
to tr South aho XVkt ; there it nothing in the
- - North to bnlanco it, and the efluilibriuin I ocourae
. " When our ablest atateamaa are questioned on
, . , iha i .jubject; aoma will eiprtw ardent hopoa, biil
alwaya mimtH with atrong fears; other will di
rectly aav that there ia a point beyond which fe
fW of the arch cannot It ttrtickrd ; that the
Empire' cannot be extended to the Ultima Tkule ;
and that it i evident, that in tlie mindsof ih.ima.
. v.. pi.Md DC exaiHHittt the wihjfltf r," He 'grmtcil doubt,
perplexity, nwl apprtkrntion trixt. All a;re that
it i t piblimt trperiment. and if it uilU will be
trury said, mnnut tameii ejttijil ca
The Writer, after noticing the alarming rapidity
. with which new State are admitted into the ron.
ft'deraey, procoed to look into the manner in which
the small Statca obtained admission after the con.
i. . tinental air: .
It i (latural enouilj to. luppoaa that (La tmaJI
fflati, liiiiItf Ik Tr liJirri of imlm M, iT Has
aM negotiator, availing llM-iiMHiItt Of toe uppor
luiMjr w Um.W lUe dnt of the limes 4kroJ,
maided on a proportion of power, winch, on any
fair am) auuitalils principle, did uM U l'Mi lu litem,
and the :ie.UNl m obtaining it
II t natural
enough, alio, lo suppoa llial the alava
Hutu Would Wish) THW KMHiM TO B
issti j and Ibey, in great ii.-mu aucceeded.
Hal it is itleta, thai in tin compr m) between
mm mi w-ih., .-.--, . -...
Nw Ywtk.and MeehuwM gsiird nothing.
Ibis particular, il may be auid, they were not par-
liea lo tha Convent !, as they answered to neither
if these desciitition of States. 1 ba principle I
certainly enormously uneq.ml lo almost every practi
cal purpose l it places 33.000 people ori an equality
Wltn a million. Il give :uipi, uuuisiaue,or
Indiana, which are entitled to only one represents.
. . - ... .. .
tiva, the same voca in Ilia Senate a ew Tors,
which ha 27, or Pennsylvania, which send
Wa advert lo Iha source of alarm csilsined in this
orinciole. ahould the inlerests of two mmIioos of
CiipM ever ba control U-d by ons-ieuin i inai num
r, living it a disunce.'of diderent pursuits, man-
ners, and babita, and situated on waters that lead to
The writer then proceed to enumerate tba pew
era of tha State of New York, and her ability to
exist as a separata Republic, power which have
more than doubled at thi tune,
I'erhsna. under the oriviual ornnization of the
Government, there would hive been no ground of
apprehension, but the inequality and evil efft of
the principal increase in a geometrical proportion
with the eitenaum of empire. I he mates, notwun
standing th delegated power lo t he General Govern
meot, am itill free and iitdcpendciil aovcrrigntiea.
New York, for instance, which make so brilliant a
display on the map of fhe Union, eitending from
the great Lake lo the Atlantic, reaching on the
Su Lawrence ami reposing on the bosom of the
ocean, embracing an eilcnt of territory tmi ai to
tnunno, a more fertile soil, and abounding with
all tha means of agriculture, commerce, and manu
hVlures. Tiii State kat all the attribute of to.
tertigntf4 legislature, Judiciary and fir ren
tier, tl inanctal, a m.umrrout and tee II trained
Militi. artenalt. in thort, the it completely an
imptrium in Imfirrio -clothed trilh every tperiet
of risu aim military authority. She will shortly
contain a million and a half ia people ; and we have
no hesitation in say nig, that considering her local
siluatioriji!! i.io or uaassLr,she is penectly com
pelent to repel the assault of axy KMCar that
at TTc naa.
The above ia not to be mistaken. We ropy it
from tin Jtrrvi, from that very paper that now
audaciously charges us with being recreant to tlie
Slate, when we enumerated the very same powers
contained in the above as a warning to the Union,
which the writer originally brought together and
displayed, lo intimidate that very union into sub
mission lo tin State.
But we have not done with the extracts. The
writer now shew how thi State could secure the
revenue belonging to the General Covenuueot in tba
event of separation, or creating what waa the ob
ject then, and m now a Northern tonrdtraey,
H New York, during the last year, paid into the
United Stales Treasury, ten millions of dollars
ten dotlart to a sow, besides supporting an exten
mm and magnificent Slat Government,
-'"X l imr be said'. perbapa,tbar ttw peopla do not
pay tha. whula uf. Xbia euiaw but 4 hat a aonssderable
portion of it arises from the inducements and con-
renieocea which tha city and harbor afford aa an
entrepot, but tha tame inducement would txitt if
Ul ataie iter remained trparale.
"The merchant will eyer make hia ihipmonU.to
the port which i tfmrnnst profitable or conrement,
It la upon Out prtneipl, that Hamburg, and many
other cities of Europe, have arrived to auch wealth
and spwodor I and it ia Immaterial to the people,
whcloer 4hy pay- ta -to-aotAer government,
from a mine vtfa (Aeir ausnsios, or from the pro
duct o( labor i as it regard the two governments,
they art both prieafe property. 0a the other
it- widest tnat A'ew York njoyt no'iort
advantage from tk trad of pie Or leant, than
any foreign votrer at peace with m.
Speakiog from the Florida treaty, the writer
aavi ' .
, , l r . "w' , n," j "
Tbe treaty gone to the Senate (irr ratiflcatiDrutyeJJOwtRsts. whtr tiaro been"wurlTiiii for thirty
Pernisvliaaia nd-;Nenr VwltrvrfffTTrfie' " Dob-
ulation of two millions, are held in check by Lou
isana and Mismssippi, with a motley population of
70,000, We eay nothing of tha fepugmlnoe of
.viaaaacnuaetta to tha terms of auch a treaty ; for,
having recently been, toothed b) the blanditkmtnU
of Virginia, it ia possible her affection will travel
farther south. tune mihi, nunc alia benigna."
Every paragraph of the above ic puiatuuVaud
Fas an obvious meaning. At the time this article
wu written there waa no regency. Now we hare
double tha population, and an immense increase of
votes in Congress. 1 ha Albany Jtegency control
tha entire legislation of the States-has all the ca
nal and other public fund and properties at their
disposal mamig the whole banking capital of
the state through three Commiasioners-nJI all tha
office of honor and profit haa a vast majority of
the press throughout- th wirte mxwr crjT)trot"riag
in pay .,n Cireign body .ojBwn..ktbis. cJicuMtetojalad by Ilia Jaikana-iiieiirgiif. iepvUvBTui that
awe our electiofw noininatos (ot Congress, Souato,
and Assembly and, in abort, all the- political and
nacal power of this immense State firmly and e
il wtTwr IrievoclyToTiciuT
their hamla. Add to thia the Trcniur
Tr ett turn of the
United states, and the patronage f tUe General
Governmont, and what becomes of public liberty,
rotation in oflke, and the rights of ilia several
States t i. Let reflectiug and prudent men of the
outh and west look at flie pioture, and auswer the
awful responsibility imposed upon them. A migh
ty effort is making jQ eojvo them, and Uiroogh
them the country. . --
Mr. Vaa Buren claim to have bought Virginia,
by promises of preferment tn her leading mfen
they are all to be provided for in some share or
other, ho know the imincoMxaluaof Vifema ro-Titr
- . -v
I'mrnwr; and is ready to pay any price tor her vote.
Pay is the ward ; for there is no public man in this
Union that he imagine lie cannot purchase by pro
mise of o.Brw-Ht is his mode of dealingbta sys
tem of corruption he deals with all mankind in
this fashion "who is he, what is hia influence, and
what doea he want H .
Is Virginia, proiid and patriotic -Virginia Vir
ginia, the birth place and aepulcher of the bright
est patriots "that ever lived, to be bought and sold
thus f Heaven forbid I We hope always for the
best, but have seen with deep regret tha deceptions
now prarticinf on ler Cilizna nee piim wiik,o,
ko tbiiM mi ffoeraJ practwo, bate um oiu; iw-
lomlkt ,rw York Xle..
I cannot convey, in a more clar and aatisfactory
nmniH-r, the tau- winch b W to Iha aucceaa
the adininitratiou party, in a Wala known to
have been ever BUiforni in it politic and steady iu
Ha object and mas, than n' tmg a cotitrraalion
if rave iiinrt. lifld jeatrnlay with a tnenn ana
iiilMlrttant of New lUoo, who Lad juat kndud from
am glad lo ee you. Escaped, no
dooU, from tke bualki and ccxifuiimi of ilia ekeclnai,
to recruit iu (hi peaceabM citv. no giud old re
k-ral Connect arul, Hartford t onveiiiMai, and all,
have atruckj the Jackwxi flag. Miraclr il seem
will never exua.
'Vaarr. Yeaj CUecticut haa gKie for Jark-
. i . '. 1 1 t..
am. How could we do otnerwine i i imp wu iu
deral parly, the iimwI true and coiMtent of all par
lie in the coiait ry, ha rn all the principle ther
cMileiMld for broadly adiitcd by (jro rl JarkaiKi.
What shallow of ru uae could we have dt keeping
up I lie o)jiihxi r
Editor. flow can thia pnmibly be, when Pemo
rracy i the banner umh-r ahicb both Jackson and
an uuren aaauine to marcti I
'J'mriflUr. Mr wortla. They march umler
what banners they please ( we require no declara
tion of political faith more strong and unequivocal
than that contained in the l'rw-lamation and Force
Bill : the doctrines are even carried out further
than those cohIc-imIihI for by Fisher Aiim-s, IVker
iug Hamilton and oIIkts of the old federal stliool.
tMttor.A did it occur to you, that thmic doc
trines, like the general slullsof the adiiiiuintration,
were only assumed to attuui a sjiecific olpct, tlial
there is neither honesty tmr sincer'ity in them T
rraetller.XX. might bo so cowntlcrud, if (lie
measures of the I'resiliit were not entin-ly in
consonance with the view ol our political menus
in advocating a slnsig government. Die demo
cracy have tuo long ruled ui tins country ; we have
now the pr(xtt of overturning it ; even when
fighting under its very name ; breukjng them down
with their own weauisi, ami destroying them with
their own men. All New Kngland with auch view
will, 1 think, follow ('.mneclicut.
tUlilor. If that be so, New England may pro
biiUy vuni fur Van Borrm as the next Preiknt.
Traveller. It ia by no -means unlikely j our
opinion of Van Buren is precisely the true opinion
every where enterluim'il ot' him ; the rlouk of !
uiocracy sit loons enough upon him ; buf New
Enghuid inuu cau btm aeourvly eotoe tn umler Ins
adiiiinistraliHi that under auy of the candidates.
Ulitttr. But Van Buren being the candidate of
the Federal flutes, pledged to their taritr and other
interests, must loe the Ssilh aisl West.
'I'rarfllrr. Thai's his look out ; he is playing
hia Car tU in every direction, and can suit hi view
to time and place. The truth is, the democratic
Statea are all South and West.
Editors What! tl not New York a democratic
Traveller. Not quite aa much as Connecticut.
We do object to some, act of the President, but in
iNew iork it is a total unqualified submission, it is
an unconditional surrender of liberty at the foot
stool of power- t ...
" RlUar-Vtrr trueC "Built ia evident that Van
Bo eon would never be the choice of the New Eug
land Stales, unless a' great object waa to be acbie
red in which he ia to bo the mere instrument.
Traveller. It ia so. Wo want a northern man ;
we are tired of the ambition of tins South and West,
and the ooutinued encroachment on our interest.
Wa are opposed to shivery; opposed 16" Ihe" rapid
augmentation of new States ; opposed in abort, to
tMitor. n bat is it J
Traveller. He can do much to throw the pow
er north ot the 1 otoniac, and can do every thing
alter a travels north, to keep it there,
El'Uor. How so T
Traveller. Why, with the gigantic, QjKe,f i
tneOTateof New York, couplod with the control
of the U. Stnte Treasury, and increasing patron
age of the General Government, it will bo imposi-
ble for the Presidency ever to be dislodged from
it position north of the Potomac. Why should.
yesr to obtain an influence in the government, not
seize upon the present times, when men are in
power, who act upon our principles, and when our
sectional objects can also be achieved by coming
forward to their aid.
Ciiitor. But do you imagine that the southern
and western State, the producers, whose seventy
or eighty million per annum, and whose area! and
intullecUwl patiiotie nien, by-this operation,
will become slaves and tributaiy to the magician
of the North, Will submit to this arrangement ?
Can you not perceive that while their wealth sustains
L. . -i .. .:n ..... i .1 . .i .
mo uvnnuuniii, mer win not uo iiirown Bl llie lOCl
I of the barren north, in perpetual submission, ac
cording to your own showing I
Traveller. Well, what can they do T
.Rior .-Suppose several States of wealth and in.
fluence, to the S. and West, should withdraw from
ina coiunueracy, bihi ui rigni ui oecession IS con.
case, would be reduced to States which absolutely
J .t - - Tl. . tl t . B .... I
proauce noming. tv e snail oe cut up and divided.
A rich and powertul repiMig wnulrf spring np.4
the South and West, which would soon be crowded
with i eastern jrDB.ttd..wnofthej!Jortlihleftalmein
our glory, too poor, probably, to sustain our own
government, and finally, tot mutual protect.! in and
support, asking U be admitted in the now republic.
Tmmller Well, then, we ahall be as we were
bcfoie the somerset. '
lff(r,f;Ye87nTTiner muclTtrouble and -
pnse, projyintmtiua Kara and mvohHwnt an
all this is to gratify the selfish ambition of one man,
who ovr pretended to-"jhaToriiDy'MuwTolhi)'
TVeefer-We cannot look ao far ahead, con
sequences and results must take care of themselves.
We strike while the xrorutiliot
xZttlorl- Well, - then", youf nomination of "tt.
Webster meant nothing more than to cover the
advance of Van Buren 1
Traveller Not so. Mr. Webster is sincerely
our choice; if we can have a chance io elect him,
but if there ia no chance, wa have to make our ar
rangements with Mr. Van Buren, and take him as
Ritchie took Jacksuou an alternative," not
choice. ' . ...
; Editor. Do you think that Massachusetts and
Vermont will agree to rote for Van Buren under
any exigency I i . :
Travcllerel think it will happen. Vermont
look lo policy and ulterior views.
JJJiof-Wull, then, thia aHroaching cisitcat is,
in reality, tba North against the South and West,
il ia the' hsig contemplated Wow agaiimt the slsve
liJling States, and the steady and intelligent people
of New Inland are alsait loauing lliemsf-lve for
thi purpoae to advance tha object of intrigue and
corruKiou to sow iutoatiiib division in the land,
lo turn a garden into a wilderness, to teinii a to
re ign herd lo our shores, by a participation in the
lspo4U,' louwl iUiwm4 with ihetrowNofliees,
and lo place I lie Presidency in a Slate from which
nothing but a revolution can dislodge it. The
(rinriples ujstn which this government i fouisled
isve undergone a complete change, ami wIm'H il is
lou Isle, the people uf the South and West will re.
gret that they did not in tune form a stnrng union,
as a barrier to this rorniit northern alliance. I
wish you a good nMiniing air, good morning.
('orrrmJriire of the lUllimori Patriot.
Wasminutom, April '.'(), IH.U
You are waiting, I suppose, with some sniiety,
to lesrn wliat cbangea are arlually to take place
among llie Kitchen diguilariea, c, of thia city.
There ia much in embryo I can assure Jihi, hot the
bubble will not be fully burst before the VOtli ot
neit nsHith. Tlien, sir, hsik out for breakers. Il
is again eonfi.li iiily aMerlel that Major Harry is
lo leave lhi Post t)thce directly, and proceed on a
Miasiisi to Spain, ami that Amoa KcihImII i to luke
hia place at the head of tlie Poet t ll'n e Deiiartinenl
thi tranxfer him at once from the lower to the
upper Cabinet. Mr. Van Buren still linger here,
and bin hand ia not only iu this transfer of places,
but lie watches every movement upon the iMilitical
chess board, sud takes care that all got to bis own
I have reason to believe that Major Lewi i ar
ranged into favor again he will retain hi present
place aa Second Auditor, ami " find lord of tlie bed
chamber," with the prouiine of advancement, lie
has b!en touched by the wand of tbo Magician, and
ia growing less White-mh.
it i really wonderful how General Jarkson live
To-day he will be taken down violently iek, with
scarcely a hope of hi ever recovering, and lo mor
row, presto! lie will lio riding out for bin health!
Hut Una riding out u getting to Is; pretty well tin-
clentood. It is all done for elU ct tthroud. The
old man t very low ami feeble irrrleel, nnd when
he riih" out ' he is very carefully pliired in a ebwe
warm conch, and carried but a very little distance.
Were any other man in hi very fire ble lule, I
would say he could not survive till mimmer. But
General Jackson ia a phenomenon, phaul, moral,
Siienkinirof the rresnlenl, how much ofhm sala
ry oi'Q'Jo.tHIO do you upxwi he annuiilly lavs up 1
I have heard it repeatedly declared, by llnwe who
have the means of knowing, that it is not leu tbuu
813,000. 1 uu may say lie has levees, and gives
dinners. Very true ; and what is there in I hew,
to make them very expensive to him who gives
them? One gets a sight of the rooms, the furm
ture, and the visiters at the levees, and this is pret
ty much all. Well, as it regard dinners; the Pre
sident gives one round to about two-thirds of the
Members uf Congress. Foreign Ministers, etc.,
dtc. ror these duuiers, his marketing may cost
him $30, and the wine oh he has double the
amount consumed, yen . him every, year. . And
then the President is away froni Waihingtoo no
linld "piirtion'of his tune, when it of course costs
mm out very little to live, ueneral Jackson u
also nut over fond of mauifWimz his charities. I
am told that, whenever a charitable object is pre
seuted before him, and his aid is solicited, he nteets
it at once by sayiruj " Jim Monroe (ha always
... ... . - "w. . , . i.-viV-..J'
cans ine late rresiueui .vionroe, Jim; leu me rre
sidency a bankrupt, and Andrew Jackson will take
care that he saves him.iclf !
. The .salaries of tho Chirk, in the Depnrtmcnts in
this city are full high, and their labors are too easy,
generally speaking, both for their own health nnd
reputation, and for the interest of (he Government.
Their sular ju generally, are .mm .auO io f i 500
per annum. 1 hey go into the offices at about ten
o'clock in the forenoon, and come out to dine at 3,
after which they have nothing more to do for the
day. How do they spend their leisure (into T II
I musL btLempluycd some how; nnd it iruoTfiflTcuTt
last lor one io imagine, how a great -part t them
employ it. If these geutlemen clerks had to work
a trifle harder, and their salaries a In tie reduced.
it Would be no great damage lo them.
GENERAL JACKSO.VS PREFERENCE.
. .The object and effect of the President's letter to
the Rev. Samuel Gwin can no longer be inisunder
stood or misrepresent. The object was to settle the
question oT lffe urcf iofi in favor" of the candidate
of the Caucus. The first questions which wilt be
asked by the people, upon the perusal of this Exe;
cutive ediet, will be, What right have the Cau
cus to choose a President for the Republican party 7"
w nat individuals will compose this Caucus, and to
whom are they responsible for their acts T and
" Who will be the Cacus candidate T" This right
assumed for the Caucus will be unanimously and
andjyith. eqiiiit uiiamnirty, will the-people come to
the conclusion that the Caucus, so far from repre
senting their feelings and wishes, will consist only
of office-holders and office-seekers, whose houes of
sunmiuuneo in, ui atuessiuu to omce, depend upon
the elevation ot iUarrin Kan vuren I Ooe any
one- believe that a single man will fee sent to the
Baltimore Convention who is not bound to vote for
theTiorninaTtdnrfur Fan Uuren f " Does any
one imagine that the wishes and interests of the
people, particularly of the great mass of the re
publicans st tha South and-West, will receive the
slightest consideration from this Caucus! Why.
prcpurru ai Aioany, a lonmgni ago, Dy ino journey,
men bf the Magician, and the whole apparatus waa
brought on to Baltimore the other day bv the incoe.
of the Globe, who is lo aet it in motion qn the 20th
IKuTAloany Caucus, transferred to Baltimore, under
(he name of a Convention of the Democratic Re
publican. The intelligent republicans of the South
and West understand this imposition, and they will
blow Jt 'sky, highThal..GenejlJaxlUM do
ceived by it, ia not a matter of wonder to those
who know the men by whom he is surrounded and
influenced ; but hii certificatory manifesto cannot
lead tha people into the same error. They know
a wooden nutmeg when they sen it, and no Al
bany legerdemain can impose, it upon them as
genuine, There ia already abundant proof that
tha re of Gen. JacksonS letter will be to attract
tho most atuiouj attention of the people to the
snsres prepared for ihein by llie NewYork p"litiv
aii7aitf trgif e .r6niiTrtf rvd uTiaiiiuiTTy'L iba'
tillorta of the pooj'lo' candidate, Judge II Aire.
from th .Wat Yueh V.vening I'vl.
CONFLAGRATION OK THE MAILS AND BAG.
- GAGE ON THE RAIL ROAD.
A few minute after Ui Rail Road Car li ft Il.nW
lowo for tins city, yotordsy, It wasducovsrwl Uiat Ui
car cisitaining the tsigirige was on firs. 1 lie guard
perreivwl a Volume ol lUina and smok KMimg frwa
tHa inwer part nf the baL'lfstfO beneath bun. The lucu-
iihAivs was tiipjH.d, ss snui aa practicable, an tlie alarm
being given, but not belbr Uia Are had uuuls such pro-grt-aa
that Um whole car wt enveloped in Dimes, which
rune in a column of nfWn or twenty fuel, Tha m
aeiiger ru.liixl cisifuM-dly from Uieir several ctri, each'
eager to v his own sliirouf tli property ( but, owing
to Uieir want of lie-Hud in their etlorts, and the rapid
ifadiii of the con IU jmt ion, they succeed in ruacuu.g
otily a lew trunks anil i kages from destruction. 'I'lis
burning car, alter sue delay, was overthrown Irixii tho
Iratk, and its blaxmj content thus diainlncated and
wittered, but nut Ulofu much the larger portion waa
rrnler-d wlmlly wurthli-i by the lire. 1 lieru werti
atmut one liuiiilnd paiw njfern, ii)ly or eighty of wlimu
have loul their entiio iMuiiaie, aiM aoimt ot them arti
cle of vreil value, Tlie Inllnwinir iwrtx uUni are iri-
lliured Iroiii the iiMirmiigjwper, iiiuly tlie liatelle.
A lauy or iVMiiiu Hwi a large uiiunlity ot very valua
ble clothing, entiiiwlrd Ui In- worth lillevii hundred (Jul-
'. ller (Juipm.ikI. iihI other jeweliy wer
Mow Aimtui, of the 'llieaire, .t all her biggige. m-
cliKlirig many kalnable irtirlenof Jrei, but wived i l.-x
uf jewel wlui li wm liken limn the ceiilieul her trunk.
Mr. KiMiwli,or.i.ilierl, .MiwielniN'tlii, ln.l i inh k-
agu in hm trunk, i uiitmiiing l.'i.lMNI wlnili li.rtii-
mtely ri'Mind I rum the llmuea, the lniul llie dunk lm
v in tf ljeii burnt up. We unlerUiHl (lie iihmii v una
put mlii Ini rliargc by one ot 1 1 if I'liilaUelplua llunka
lor a .New Vuik llrnik.
A ticrinnii gentleuian ami hii wife, wlinlmt all their
clothing, were t'oiiunaie etiiHigh to recover s tin box,
winch wna in en ie ol tleir truck, containing document
niTi'Mir) liir the nt overy of a Urge enUtu in EuruM-,
wlnllier he prM'lmg lot that purioae,
The iiHiriutig mail tr.xn I'IiiUi!i IiIiiii m tberrnt"
ami idiared the tnte of the rent. A neon lied IhiihIIi)
w liit h reiiminiHl waa brought to the I'mt Min e, and
mil ot' It the mierM'ritinn forty tour on let.rrn were
ilfyiherel. '1 In mail iwually coutaini ImM lew 1. 1.
tern, ami llne n. t ol llie liiot valunlile kind. I low
trie lire origiliuli'd In not ceiUilily a-riTUllntl. It lud
irn'atily been binning ).r a ft w nti iiiit i, tuiiii. it I ' 4
lre.li brei-M', winch liinwing ilirigoinlly acr.. 1 1 , Ira. k
of the can., m-rteil, when adde.l to their inotii 11, In curry
out tin; Kinokc uA lu llu: ir. w a to prevent Ita U in
, riMigli eitimate of tlie linn wan mule hy tlie .
wngeiK, ii.I it unii computed to auiouul to upvvarda uf
live tliouioiiid dollura.
ROUIIERY AND 'MURDER.
A guntlcuwu uiiUirtol tliu I'olic- idlii', ail nhttetl to
Mr. Sl..ilirnn, tin: clerk, that there wa a relative 1,1'
In iniwiiig, mipriKcd to have Is-en iiiunlerid. Hip re
lative's name wa Abraham Willwy, ind wa a young
firmer from Ontairo County, who hnd never b. u m
the city U liire. lie arriveil ill town 011 Saturd.iv mclil,
and came to Uii gentleiuan'a hooie. Tin lia.k ill
aey to .Newark on Monduy, where they mailt1 w.iin-ir-clMmes
and returned to llu city. In the evening Uiey
went to the B-iwery Thenln-. The gentlemen told hi
ruiabve turuinaiu in the U1, while he utepped out a tew
minutes, or elne he might be t bv wandering 01,: ilour,
being strantfer to any city. There were wmie hiik.
picious characters in the bnx, who overheard the con
versation of the gentleman and bis relative about mo
ney maltera. .WJien the gentleman returned, In friend
was milling, and could not be (hum! during die cvenim.'.
The gentleman aeawliedJwuse and ocigbUM4tmd,
but could not 'learn' any thing. When Um gentleman -
reached home and did hot mid him tht-ie, and when
1 ti 1 1 .11 1 . , .... .
iHeniny, nunetwyj an iiw-wtri, am xni W'eea no
far pamied, tlie grntlemnn'a mother and iisti'M declared
that he must have been munlered. He had letl bnggags
at Uie Western Hotel, corner of West and Oourtlaiult
itrocta, and had much money about him in (3 bills uf
(teneva Bank. It is suppueied that h was enticed out .
of the box by rme of the bad charActers ineiilioned, un
der the pretence that his relative had snt fur him to
aotne place, where doubt lera the viIUbiih, m privacy and
in cold blinvl, have deprived the uulortuiwle ytmng mnn
of Hi life and secured their booty. The Police m iim
tho lookmit fir the ssMimiiiM, snd we refrnin from naui
ing the mii'iHK.'led per .us but they mnj he Umu tin ir
guard. Anv information on the (Uibjcct, lull al Mcatm,
ILrker am JaV Jh'at'Jf guud. ;iwwv A.-Aaiwau .1
atluut,'wiir be Uiaukl'uliy received. -V. 1'. Truntcript.
EARTI1QUAKK AT ST. THOMAS.
Extract from ('not. John IMrnirrnirr'n fjin fimik. 1
a - rTirTtWjf vr FebTlTn A
Twenty-minutes past 10 o'clock, eienem-ed
a heavy shock from an Earthquake the shock
lasted about twenty-five seconds the reMirt one
and a Imlf minutes. At the time it commenced, I
was in a long store, in company with Mr. N. Car
riiigtou. The Rtore was comKscd of brick, Mtono
and lime, and stood on made. Juud ot ground, and
tho shock cuuaed the building to rise and full like
a long flat boat, riding on the waves. The pots,
hams,, and other articlcs-usoally hung on the beams
of stores, were all put in hiotion, swinging to and
fro. Tho shock was also felt by t'apt. Hale, of
the brig Roealba, of Baltimore, in lat. IS 27, Ion.
62 30, which lasted about one minute."
Another Extract from the tame
January 22. " Tuesday, 10 of tho clock1 in the
evening, in passing the Island of Nevis, I was a
spectator to a scene that surpasses all description.
A BUtlden Stream nf firf hnrvl nrw.n our ainlil tl.nl
asfomsfie 3 arid delighted us. it was a broad sheet
w namer "ntummaTmghepace6T many" niiloa
emitted irom the volcano on the inland in a lew
minutes the flame disappeared and ' again burst
forth in one sudden and and apliull 4tmittrrtiftr-
from the horizon and broadening until it reached
tne sky, and extended over the whole island. 1 he
sight was sublime, baffling all description. I was
about twenty miles- from trmislmdhcTrlrt isa p "
pcared, altogether, and left us as dark as Erebus."
EARTHQUAKE AT OMOA.
--The New Orleans- Buttntinof the 31st, gives the
Omoa, February 7, 1835.
The rnoat tremendous eruptioiis of volcanoes have
taken place in the interior, upon record five burst
simultaneously in different places, attended with tre-
go that no trace of them re
mains, and destroyed a laree portion of Su Mieuel.
and St. Salvador. The air was so obscured by ashea
and smoke that for erght days the inhabitants were
abliged to grope their j;ay with torches. The
reportawerelikeTheliringof muskets and cannon,
attended with. showers of rocks, atones and cinders.
The lava in some plaCTs-ytheisfance "br aixfy
leagues, destroying every thing in its course. In
Alanche they thought the day of Judgement had
arrived, and more than three hundred marriages
took place among people who had previously lived
in a hIiiIm nf i.nni.nk!n. . 1 1 L
that kind might be beneficial in New Orleans.
The earthquake was. felt yert sensibly both here