W MS 1 Jill
PUBLISHED EVERY SATUR DA Y : A322I2ia3i SmJl jM321:P!II HIAElCDII 3P3iCDyIia3J3)3J3a Vol. 10, No. 5. Whole No. 7S7.
AT TWO DOLLARS A YEAR, r inrmV VA1TU 4 nm Tv a jwjt V i Or Two DolSar ami Filly lint,
If-Paid in Advance-. feAlilbliU 11 1 , l Olv I 11 CA10JjLili A, J U L. 1 I, bO. AlU-r Oil- piralioii r iiu.-iiihs.
The Western Caridiiiian.
BY ASIIBEL SMITH & JOSEPH W. HAMPTON
TEKMS OF i'l'HLICATION.
1. The Western Caruiiti.au is puUUicd every Sa-
or Two Dollars arid Fifty Cents if nut paid before the
expiration of three inoiitln.
2. No piper will le discontinued until all arrearages
are paid, unless at the discretion of the Editors.
3. Subscriptions will not be received fur a less time
than on 3 year; and a failure to notify the Editors of a
wish to discontinue, at the end of a year, will be consi
dered as a new engagement.
4. Any person who will procure six subscriber to 'be
Carolinian, and take the trouble to collect and transmit i
their suiscr:ption-nrney to tne Kditors, shall have a pi
per gratis duriii.r ti"ir continuance.
i). Persms indebted to the ll fi'ors, may transmit
to ihfin l:. rough the .1 lad. At th:..r ri.-k provided they
get ih- urhnactelgmnl of any respectable person to
prove that such remittance teas regularly made.
TKUMS OF 4UVKKTII.(i.
1. Adverti.-ewivrits will be conspicuously and correct-;
v inserte !. at ."') cents per square tr trie first mser-ion,
m: p is r-ir .mc: con 1 nuance : uui, ' i: n' --
vertise.ii-. it is orlere.1 to sea in only twice, .o cis. win
be ca'.rg-v: fr e:i h mser'.on. If ordered tor one in
sertion only, -si will m all cases bo charged.
2. IV r-vyv-, who esire to engage by the year, will be
accomuio lated by a reasonable deduction from the above
charges for transient custom.
1. To insure prompt attention to letters addressed
to t.he Editors, the postage should in all cases be paid.
fyilC Subscriber is desirous of purchasing " large
A number of LIKKLY YOUNG NKliKOKS,
from ten to twent v jears of age, for which be will
at all times' give the highest prices in Cash.
b.ivint such nronertv to sell, would do
. . i i j
well to call on him, at Salisbury, or on .Mr. John
glories, bis agent at Charlotte.
t nuv time, when he may be absent. Col. It.
W. Long, will be found at the .Mansion Hotel, in
Salisbury, prepared to make purchase
All letters addressed to him or his Agent, Mr.
John J -nes, will u ii with prompt attention.
June -jr.th 1"'. rf UOP.miT HI IE.
TFMIK Subscriber, intending to settle himself in
- the H e-t, is desirous of purchasing ten or fif
teen Liktly Y'-ung Negroes, for which he will
pay the. highest prices, in fash. He may be found,
during the -uiomer, in Statesville, Iredell County,
North Cai-.hna. Letters addressed to him there
Mill meet with prompt attention.
JOHN II. CAItNLT..
May '2, 1S3T. t f.
WHII to purchase TW liNTY or TWENTY-FIV1-:
Ni:(.'IU)KS, for which I will give li-
beia! prices in ("ash.
P rsoes having such property for tale would
1o v II t e.ive me a coll, cither in person or by
ett, r. Air cotnt!. unit atu n, addre.-sed tc meat
Salisbury, N. C, will meet with prou pt attention.
Jim- 7, ". t f
Current I'riciv oi' Produce, Vc
AT SALISBURY July 1, ISoo.
Bacon, . . . .
11 a 1 Molasses, . . .
HI a -lo Nails, . . . ,
4 a o(M) its, . . . .
It) a ttye, . . .
4 Sugar, brow n,
14 i haf, . ,
10 a 1" Salt, . . .
"S a 3! I
U itter, . . .
Cotton, in seed, .
Coffee, . . . .
10 a l'Ji
10 a 'Jl
11J a 1J."
. . . ." Tallow, . .
. . . HO a Tobacco, . .
. . OtM) a T'M I Wheat, (bushel)
. . . UK) Whiskey, .
Linseed Oil, per gallon, ;1 VZ
m a Jtl
H a UK!
, yo a ;io
AT FAYETTEVILLIl.-.Juno 2:J
. . . 1) a 10 Iron, . .
Bacon, . . .
Beeswax, . .
Cotton, . . .
Flaxseed, . .
. 1$ a r
. ill) a J
h :l 10
. 10 a 17
ltMl a I 10
. :V a lO
. 10 a '20
. GO a 70 Molasses, . .
. 0O a U) Nails, cut, . .
'21 a g! Sugar, brow n,
. V2 a 111 lump, .
17; a 1! loaf, .
oaSrdt, . . .
.100 a 1 lo Wheat,. . .
.MHI a 7t Whiskey, . .
. a :." Voi1, '. . .
Flour, . .
'eathers, . .
AT CIIEI1AW, (S. C.) June 23, l-a.
Bacon, . . -Iieeswax,
Corvee, . . .
Cotton, . . .
l'lax-seed, . .
Fbu r, country,
Feathers, . .
0 a 10 Nads and Brads,
JO, Sugar, brown,
13 a 10 do. lump, .
. lsag; do. loaf, .
. M a 100 Salt, Ier sack,
.100 a lglh do. bushel,
.t00 a 7nt''otton Hagfring,
SKl' TKile Uopei
. 31 a Wheat, . .
4 a o Wool. ...
. SO a :3-; Whiskey, . .
9 a 1 1
. Ul a Hi
10 a 17
2-"0 a 275
TO a 7o
, go i :mi
. 10 a 12
AT COLUMBIA, (S. C).
. . . . 12i a IV Lard,
. . .11a
. . . 40
Bacon, . .
40 a fH(.Mackerel,
. .800 a
i: a i(;j
Salt, in Kicks, . 27o a
liutter, . . .
20 a '2. A
bushel, . . 73
Cotlee, . . .
11 a 17
Sugar, brown. . 9 a
Flour, . . .
Iron, . - -
1(H) a 12-N
loaf (Slump, 10
10a a 21
Tallow, ... 12
.SOO a Ni IVas, .
5 a 0, Whisker,
. . . . 00 a
. . 40
AT CAMDEN, rS.C.) June 2.
. . 11 a IK ' Hour. (S. Caro.iOOO a 000
- a on; iv.ain.rmusi.vx.Ni a !
. ;i3 a 40 Iron OOaOi,
. 12 a li Lard 12 a 15
17A a lTaliow, . . . 10 a 12
.100 i 12J. Whiskey, . . . 50 a 00
. SO a 5o Wheat, m.-v, . .ltKJ a 12
x . IT
it THE Proprietors of THE WESTERN
Zt CAROLINIAN would respectfully inform
J. me Clerks ut Courts, Sherd;.-, Cou.-tanles, and
h- other gentlemen of business, that they have
: now on hand, printed in a superior style, on 'bo
very bed quality of paper, a large supply ot
Of almost erery Description,
Which they will sell on verv moderate terms.
W To those w ho become regular customers ire l
' all their lilanks of us a very considerable
reduction w ill be made from our regular price.
Any Blanks that we may not have on hand,
will be printed to order on very short notice.
Orders from a distance will meet w;ih prompt
a. attention; and Ilianks put up and tl.rwanied
in the satet and most expe.I't .ns in.uii.er.
" They would likewise i:itinn .Merchants and
y others, that, hnvinrr an assortment of I'ancy
' '.c Job Type, Cuts, cy-c, which is probably mi-
Z surpasMM by any in the State they are pr. pa- A $
" red to execute nil kinds of IiOOlv and JOli r I
$ PKINTINCi in a rrV sup, rir l,Je. Sueh as I
A . Itoohs, Pamphlets, Circulars, Caru. I In .1
2" Bills. iMbt ls. Wau-Bdls. for St ures. 1c. CU 1 t i
' All orders executed with despatch
Salisbury, June lo-.
i .- . . ?..... - .-.
'r'HOsI who are aflhctcd with HLAD-Al II i.S, J
llt.Aiw I -lit, K .S,ainl other lit resmg syn:p- j
tiuns of disordered stomach, In .weds, arid liver, may j
fin! relief in Dr. Hckwith's Atsti-Hvspi ptic Pills, ;
which Can be had at this OHice price fifty ;
cents per box.
J he Doctor, w ho once resided m this place, but j
now lives in Italeigh, has, after a long and exlen- j
sive practice, been enabled to coii jm imd a most va
luable remedy for the chrome disease's of th di
gestive organs, so common m Southern climates,
esjM'ciailv with those who lead sedentary lives.
It would be an easy matter to make out certifi
cates to prove that the.se Pills ate a "sovereign re
medy" tor 44 all the ills that fhsh is heir to; hut
it is not pretended that they are an universal anti
dote. Certificates of the most rospectahb Phvsi-,
cuius and otner gentlemen can Ie tio-.vu to si;:.-'
1 . I
stautiate their efucacv in the particular class ol i
is-ases alxive sp lUen oi : an.! toe i-.tiitor ot tin.,,
p;ier can testily tnat ne lias tienveu spe. ,iy ai o '
Krtn;itient relief, in the use of them, from a ::ms
distressing and !oiig-coutii:ucd h ad-n be. Some
. j" . . t i t fl
ot his menus tried them, at his suggestion, and ex
jierienced the same beneficial e!l t.s.
Salisbury, June 11, 1 :!. tf
Of a Monthly Magazine to be t nti'J.ul " The South m
I literary Journal,"' to be ' t'lliJt in Churhslou,
rHILK numerous Literary Periodicals are issued
i from the American Pre.-.s ati.l liberally p itn.n-j
izi.' l, it has been a eubjeel of gcneial rei-r t, that, since
thi discontinuance of that ah!e work, the Southi r:i II - -
view, there has oeen no
hint nt m '
South Carolina, affording a
u:t;i:ile ne-iiimu through,
...i. I . -. .i 1- I ,
U Mb" i tlio rirti ii irtrw .r r.nr lir.t u r-tor tiii'rfii F. lir.tifr1!?
to lar directly and usefully upon the public luind. It
is with a view to meei the d.-mind that the publication
- . ....
of tins Journal is propor-ed, and that the general and sub
stantial support ot the citizen ot the South is re.-pect
The proposed Magazine will consist of Origins! ( oni-I
numcauons on i.urarv ano iem ,c s.u.j. a
t ices of recent nunlications, particularly m the depart-
ment of light or fugitive L.teratnre. of .pular 'i'Lhs,
suggested by historical and local associations, of Po. try,
and Political Intelligence. Its columns are intended "to
a I lord a vehicle fbr the free, but ti inerute ii.-cus.-;un of
nil questions, which, from their inqiortance, intere.-t, or
attraction, are deserving of tae attention of an enlight
ened community. If it shall Ix come w lint its name im
ports, a Journal of t-tnctlv Southtrn Literature it it
e Iccoutd of the opin-
..e n,.,'' :,. r ..f
serve to place upon record a true
tfuisiastic atid liigirminded p'opb if, un-fer the enli- bou!d U? taken out of the hands of the (toople fiy ei-add to these perquisitions, has he been nomhia-
vening inspiration of th ti niits loir, and ith the a j-: the machinery of a parly, or that the President, j ted by the Haiti more Convention ? is like the wind
proving smiles of the generous and the fiiir, and the con-; w!u n elected, should In the President of a party, ing up of the fisherman's eulogy on the Karl s fa-
ions. teeliri!?. ami areneral tone
currence and etiective ai.l of th
md eriective ai.i ot the I. ri-.-u aim m.-meu j 'j'H.n, ;s no prov ision in the Constitution lookiu" niilv in the Castle Sjioctre. "Ah ! they were excel
g us ,t shall contribute in any mu1! degree, ;) .ir . orlIlix:itin or parh aendencu. To lent people! so pious! so chatitablef and so fond
for the South that elevated Literary imsitioii i 1 7 .i i .-. i
. . . . . . . I . w. ...1. . I . I .... I . . f I . I . . . . .
u secure ior uiu .souiu iihii eieo-i ihiimii iuihi
i i - . .i i iii. i i '
to w hich it is entitled, and which t is canalne t mam-
taining, its design will then W fullv accomplished.
This work will be conducted bv the Sulscrib r, as
sisted bv several literary gentlemen, who have pledged
themselves to contribute constantly and liberally to its: tor lessons on this subject than (Jen. Jatkso.n him- and sensibility, public opinion will pronounce a just
columns, who are interested in its success, and Aho scf) at a for.er j,eriod of his career. What said i judgment. If these qualities are wanting in our
think the present a favorable period : for the commence- ,C fo yw yiuunti. j ir, ? Kverv thin-depends ' country. nen, or are stifled by party spirit, no jirgu
iment of such an enterprise. It will te printed in un, , r . " . " . " .1 hm . .
, 1 , ', rct.. on the selection of your mmistrv. In every so oc- i ment can create or revive them. What nation,
octavo form, on fine paper, in monthly numbers of fifty-' . , .. .- , , , . . ... I
six pnges each, and will be put to pr-ss as mm,,, as a suf-j t,0 P;,r, rar,.v reelings should Ik: avoided. w hat indiv idual was ever reasoned into delicacy of
fkienrnutnbor of subscribers can be obtained to author-! Now is the time to extirpate that monster called ! fit ling ? There is another reason for avoiding it
ho. its publication. The Journal will be furnished to party spirit. Iv selecting characters most con- j Tis always better to deal with substance than cere-
pubsenbers at five dollars per annum, payable at the e.v-
piration of six months from the date ot'the first nuridter.
Charleston, l.li. DAN. K. WHII AKLU.
TIu Clicraw v.
FMIE sulscribers pnsose publishing, on or about the
L first of November next, a weekly newsmiior, in
Che raw, intended to meet the wants of the town and
the country around.
We shall endeavor to be accurate in publishing the
Prices Current and Commercial Intelligence; and dili-
r-k .-1 t iii o d 1 1 rv r ffiftir.; pikm rn i i m t ri .nut ri' '
yilll llirtKvu.i. wun. ....... y.. ...... i,j
and particularly such as may promote the cause ol
Keligion, I emperance, and tfie pu!lic gl.
The fiazette will Ih? published on an Imperial Sheet.
and will cost jS-'MM per annum, if paid within three
months, and ?ct .0 it paid after that tune.
The paper will be continued at the..pibn of the pub-
1 llers, until all arrearages are pai.i.
joiix v.. roiT,
CI.eraw, May 2J.
S NKGItO WOMAN, who understands the
duties of Cmiking, Washing, Ironing, CvC
Apidy at thisOilice. June 27. tf
l"rom the Charleston Mercury.
The Nashville I'antier contains a long and ad
mirable letter on Politics and P.irties, in which
i there is more thought than it is often our j;mkI for-
tune to encounter in newspajitrr lucubrations on the
! sins of the times. The writer exjMUinds, with deep
' M;rsjiCi:city, the p!iilosohy of tiie rise and fate of
l'arties in Tree Mates; and innkes his application
r j to the present Mate d"thius in the American Con
' ti-deracv with uiierriiiir. truth and justice. The
i hine of his observations is the Pre-iJent's letter,
! in favor of an I.i ke.n as his successor, which i
j was written to the RtrtrcnJ .Mr. (Iwinn; and the
J indecorous and anti republican character of the epis-
, tie is made muuiteM ti every reavler ot putrtotisni
land intelligence. He speaks of the Amendment of
' ; the Constitution, which Jackson recommended, to
i o,ve me People greater control over the l.xecutive
and which Jackson predicted would meet its
greate.M. opposition from the Executive himself;
and he asks, who ueieated it? 1 his question the
writer docs not answer, hut few men can have for-
" MiMMI IlllVV HOtlll tll Ilf kl(lMtt tllllillcil i MUM Hrf".
n.ct.,...s, u,,en Mr. M'Drn iE took him at his word,
. ' . - , '
'" ,' "iuty oi proving the since-
ueinci anc proiesions, n appiMu mem
elf and none ought to be Midered to forget
si,.,. . i ot of the CoostitotioM was
deieatcd ut the last Session of Congress, bv that i
fitting tool, Plummer of Mississippi, Ixang eiuply
ed to speak against tune. 1 be writer thus pro
"Our Constitution assumes the elective form to
Ik the Ix-st. It is meant to be real, not fictitious.
Phe election is to le truly a free and pure election;
i. e. it is designed to approach freedom and purity
a-s nearly as human paxion and infirmity jHiinits.
batever exerts an extraneous inilueuce violates
the ('oestitution in manciple. Nor is it otherwise
m practice. Our Presidents, hert More, have care-
fully foiltorne from meddling with the ipiestioii of
mu'ccsmoii. If any pn ference existed, far from
leiiig ostentatiously avowed, or even dexterou-ly
insinuated, it sas studiously concealed. liven the
Father of bis Country gave bis count r men no ad
vice; ami the Aostle of Independence suggested
no plan to preserve Kepublican Ascendency. The
victor of New Oi leans was elected without a cau
cus, rnd in tp'tc of a caucus. The Presidency,
then, is to be truly and purely elective. All influ
aiee, direct or indirect, bv the actual Chief Mngis-
-however specious the pretext-
. .. ... . - . i
;v the si-int ot the Constitution, and the practice
l'.v rv act. si!vorit:ir of .-uch iullueiK e.
i.t ,'.. . . . . .
is m s fir an aoaiHoiunent of the elective and n:i
. . ..
:.pproin:ation t. the hereditary principle. It may
l, g,H d or lal. As ou please! If yen are for
u permanent Lvccut ivi-, it is good. It the contrary,
it is evil. But whether good or evil, it is an inno
vation. Its merit or demerit, importance or fVivo-
litv, will Ix estimated bv every one, according to
his iK'cnliar turn ef thought. The noveltv, bow
ever, is not less a novelty, whether it is beneficial
or micht'-vons. Whether it is to In' held the one
other, depends noon a controversy as old
see let y.
What is the best form of Oov eminent ?
If you prefer a permanent Executive, then whatever
, fends to a permanent I'xecutive is advantageous.
I ff lt cannot Ik- i-'tioduced directly, because there
m I .rit : I: ! icf 1 1 l'' te:t I'tfiiisfol it mti'iirlitftinii
' , - ... lr-
t."rnn ii ii'iui . it i fij " rt i im i :im jtui
- - I I I
l'i-ivf, you resist whatever impairs the freedom ,
r purity o! tne elective principle. force Hand
i ....... i .
corruption patronage m it gambling
cutive influence no matter w hat. I
In each instance,
von are consistent and net on voiir own nriiicn
"i.-.i... r,.s;,.llf i:lP .!. iin,. iJ;.,,. then .l.i.o.ed.
;is f a tj j. , Section of,
,-. - . " . . . ,
I lessor he swerves from the spirit of the
Constitution, from the elective principle, and such j
! bias will ! deemed a useful or dangerous innova- j
, tion according as the erson judging, favors or con
domns a jiertnaiient I-'.xecutive.
Nor is this all. The President is not merely to,
U elected. He is to Ik elected bv- the People.
i W,,cn u' -!'l IVesident of the People.
The Constitution did not intend that the election
i . . .i i - .
preserve and penietuate t he tloiiutuoii id ami party,
i ! 1 J
j l.vever virtuous and patriotic many of its mem
i Ws may is no where inculcated by the Const i
j tution as a io!itical duty. No one has given !et-
! spienous for their probity, virtue, capacity, and
! firmness, without any regain! to party, vou will go
I f.r ,() t.ra(ir;i0 those feelitigs) which, on former
occasions, threw so many obstacles in the way of
government, and perhaps have the pleasure and
honor of uniting a people heretofore iroliticallv di-
I vided. I he Chief .Magistrate of a great and jmiw
j erful nation should never indulge in party feelings.
. . . 75 . .. '. - '
ins conduct should Ik? liberal and disinterested, al
ways bearing in mind that he acts for the whole,
and not a part of the community. Iy this course,
;.. i. ti 1 !.., ., 1
: "" oo. oo acquire
for yourself a fame as imperishable as monumental
marble. Consult no party in voiir choice, pursue
the dictates of that unerring judgment which has
j so long and so often benefitted our country, and
rondo if. 1 illustrious it rotors "
No candid man of any party, however stron
his attachment to the President, will hazard his re
potation by maintaining that the opinions of (ienl.
Jackson in 1S16, in his letter to'Mr. Monroe, ac
cord with the opinions of 135, in the letter to .Mr.
In the one instance, he urges Mr. Monroe to dis-
regard party to extirpate the monster. In the j
other, he considers it his own duty to prevent divi- i
sioos in the republican party, aiid to maintain its
ascendency. In 110 he tiiugiit the Chiet -Magistrate
ot' a r.reat nation should never indulge in
party feelin-ps. In l-Jo he consulers the support
oi any uiiiiiirui-meu citizen ior me i hmucih ,
i . - i i l . i. It . . 1 . . . -
o lierwise than tlirough the nomination oi a purty
convention, an attempt to divide the great body ot
Republicans. He repels, as an injury, every thing
j which connects him with such an attempt. He as
serts that he has endeavored to advance certain
great principles, which are tho:e of the party at
tempted to Ik; divided ; he urges a convention as
! the true policy id that narty in the choice of his
successor, and inculcates the necessity of lokmg
L 1 -
beyond persons in any exigency that threatens the i
ascendency of the i tarty. In lsl( be exhorted
Mr. Monroe to mak': selections lor otlice among
characters most conspicuous for probity, virtue,
capacity, and firmness, without regard to party.
In loo he tells ih-3 jveople they should look be
yond persons when ascendency is threatened. In
110 no party should be consulted. The Chief
Magistrate should never indulge party lee lings
That monster should be extirpated. In every so
lection party spirit should be avoided. In ls'so
to maintain the ascendency of the lit publican par-
l ,s n "vn l" u.v.oe ..ku pa ... .s a
11 "ot a crime. 1 o connect him with sucu
au ' atiront. 1 e ,s not m a Mtuation
to unite me party, ami in mat convention peisoos
are to be overlooked Itecause party asceiideucy is
in danger. Hut the President has a perfect right
to correct his views of men and things, (ranted.
Confessing an honest change of opinion is blameless.
Change itself may be goo or had. He may be
ri lit now, and wrong formerly; or he may have
been right formerly and wrong now. h it con
cerns the people is the correct solution of a great
political problem, not a petty eiloit to shew the
The writer then shows, (at too great a length f r
our limits,) that the President was right in IM0,
and wrong now that his former doctrine tended
to mild and pure government, his present to violence,
prosci iptiou, and corruption; and that it is absurd
to talk of liUutv, while every other consideration
is saeraliced to party ascendency, and slavish a. id
implicit submission is paid to every possible party
usurpation. We subj in the conclusion of this ex
cellent letter :
"His former opinion was much more correct.
Tin? hflerence Itotw t en I hem is this. In 1?1( he
i exnorte.i patriotism m crnsn pariv Mum. in i o.
.1 . - !" . I . . 1 w )
I he thinks party spirit is tne patriotism
t i . I . . i ii l. i- i : i.ii; i . .
tliau one menu oi me i resi leni unus n milium iu
' . t . . t l i . . .
lielieve that these are his genuine unsuggestcd sen
timents. The voice is the voice of Jacob, but the
hands are I he hands of Hsau. Let me repeat it,
how ever, the question is not the President's consis
tency, but the soundness or unsoundness of his pre
sent doctrines. .My view of them is stated. Ap
ply to it the rule prepared by an eminent philoso
pher, as the test of such discussions. If the facts
adduced are true, and the theory advanced is re
concilable with them, and explains them ; and they
can lie explained and reconciled by no other theory
the presumption arises that the theory is correct.
It can lie brought into doubt only by the adduction
of new facts, or the suggestion of a new theory
equally reconcilable with the old ones. on will
not exjH'ct me to enlarge on the singular spectacle
our government would exhibit under the new rule
j civil uuiv pioposeo. .a i lesiuem oi me .o.o
e- i States, virtually appointed by a party
inn i.. i w
j by the jn-ople when appointed the President not
j of the People, but a party and suggesting to his
1 nartv. how to preserve tluir power in the choice of
a successor! Half the people without interest in,
. ,.,t- v..r.nf tm,!-
or sympathy with, the (.overt,., ent, except to Ap
laws and pay taxes. Proscribed interests, excluded
from office and honor by party discipline, for the
sake of preserving ''the Republican ascendency
ou know I am a Republican, and have been so
from my Im IkhkI : but mine is the Lepublicantstn
of the old school, which professed at least to en-
; quire only" Is hk hunlst ! Is he cai-abi.e ! I:
! n k r vrriiFrL to the Coxsti ri tion ?" To su
i of nsn
It is useless to touch on Presidential interference
iu the choice of a successor, as a matter of seemli-
i ness. If the people are not deficient in acuteness
: niony. lt is a IkhI sign to see a republic forget the
' essentials of freedom, yet cling to its decern ins and
j proprieties. Decency grows fastidious as manners
j become corrupt ; ami modesty, driven from deeds,
takes retuge in words and forms.
In this resjtoet, lilierty is like characte-. " When
we liegin to feel tender of our reputation, we may
be sure it is already half lost." '
From the Richmond 1Yhig.
A SKETCH OF TIIK NKW CANDIDATE FOR
TIIE VICE PRESIDENCY.
Richard M. Johnson is offered to the Northern
Fanatics as a man after their own heart. Are
they Abolitionists ? Are they Amaluam atiomsts ?
What more would they have than a man whose life
illustrates, whose pracrice carries out, the maxims
i of their school? A man who has never had any
wife but. a negress? Who has reared up a family
of mullatto children under his roof? Who has re
cognized their mother as the mistress of his house
hold ? Who has endeavored to force them into the
highest circles of fashionable society ? Who has
done, and is daily lalning to do, more than any
other man to realize the dangers which ariord his
Northern allies a pretext fur ineddiiu- with our af
Are these things so? Are they mt not .riouslv
so? I am not the ma:, to Heiid decorum. I v draw-
: i . .i
inir asiue me curtain
euse of decency hides thi:ios that ouht n-t to see
the light. In some such cases the head and front
of the t fence against the public is in shameless,
unblushing ojMMiuess; and where privacy has been
sought, he w ho tears aw ay the veil of concealment
makes himself a partaker in the sin lie rebukes.
Hut here lias been no veil, no disguise, no secrecy,
no affectation of concealment. Tin thing has been
oK-nly and wilfully avowed, for the verv purose
of making the popularity of the father available for
the advancement of the children; and this in deh-
ance to all decency, ami to the enl of the life and
property of every Southern man.
It is asked, how Col. Johnson retains his opu
larity under these circumstances ? I ask in turn,
how came lie by it ? Has lie talent? No; not
enough to write a decent leport for a committee
He knows it. His report on Sunday .Mads is a ta
cit acknowledgement of it. Had he not been con-
scions ot his own iusutliciencv, would he have
! engaged another to write it ? Had he possessed a
. ,,llt,e o, ueceucv or pr.,,r pri ;e, would he iuve
j claimed the authorship? Had he h-,d the hast
sense of what constitutes the eveellence of eotoo
sition, would he suppose that , , who c, u! i dis
tinguish the bray of an Ass iV.a-i a Lion's r .ar,
would believe the claim for a moment ? Were h
not familiar with the silent s-ru of all men of
ense and honor, would h veutuje to strut aUmt in
borrowed plumes, and when detected, paicked, m,d
derided, Would he not h ive the grace to hide his
Has he ever rendered any public service? Oil
yes ! He killed Tocumseh ! I ! And is this the key
t his popularity ? Ask any n an in Kentucky if ho
hi heves that toy. I h ive seo:i i'.ity w u had been
in the battle, but never -.r.e vviio believed it. I
have seen hundreds who talked with them i
were there, but never one who heleived it. W
tlien r I lo nut flie;. i-.:! i.-i.;.. i...... ? T
-....- j Hill! i I
ft!.-..-.?.. !... .I .-.I i- t- ...
iuc .10, uui inev nave use pu tuni. v iou ne
Uses his inlluence at W.ishingt n, f'.r the betsehr of
those who atiect to Itelieve these tl
. . . .. . . . i- .i i
lings, !:ry vv ill
umn.n to a;: ne inai ne may un a.;-! 'ns io.
tluence. What is the secret ? For more thao twen
ty years he has been the pimp and pander of every
Aihninistration, in the business of corrupting the
.1.. ii- . i
jH-opie. ne is me go-iK'tween man; tne man that
letches and carries lietvveen the seducer and the se
duced. His business at Washington is that of a
Treasury Solicitor. His annual journies are ped
dling trips, in which he barters so much patronage
and so much emolument, for so much influence and
so maiiv votes. Ask the Treasury Officers of any
Administration. Compare the blue-book with the
list of his friends and adherents.
Has he a high character for private integrity ?
Ask Col. IJenton if he was not one of three arbitra
tors, who unanimously awarded that Col. Johnson
should pay So0,000 to the Bank of St. Louis, Ih--ing
so much money filched from the coders of the
Hank by swindling collusion with the Cashier.
Ask 1. IJenton.
And how does the man lear u; under all this?
F.ven as I have said. His indefatigable industry
in playing at the Treasury, makes him the first fa
vorite with all the office-hunters in the West, and
his popularity secures the success of his applica
tions. And what qualifies him particularly fi r this
snug business? Nothing but suppleness and impu
dence total want of principle. Iesid-s, it is a bu
siness best carried on by one man. The more of
ii he d,es, the greater his popularity, and therefore
the more eflectual his solicitation's. Ue is in it,
and will hold it while he lives. No rival can rise'
up. When he goes off the stage some other man
may take it. Not.lefore.
Now, here is a full length likeness of our future
Vice President. And why is he taken up for that
office ? In the West, for the reasons I have men
tinned. If he claimed to have killed 'Julius Casar,
the western otlice-h niters would swear to it; if he
claimed to have written the Bible, they would not
deny it. They just as much believe both as they
believe that he killed Tecunish,or w rote the Itepoi t
oil Sunday Mails.
From the Philadtlphia Examiner.
HAS A MAJORITY A RIGHT TO GOVERN !
One of the most common errors prevailing
amongst our citizens, and to which may lie ascri'.
Ix d a large portion of the heresies which have crept
into the republican creed, is, that a majority has
in all cases a right to gorern. The proposition,
at first sight, appears so plausible, and so reasona
ble, that lew men who have not reflected ujmju the
rights of minorities, dicovered its unsoundnesss and
mischievous tendency. As we consider it of import
ance, as connected with the due preservation of
the Rights ot'the States, that this subject should be
presented iii a projier light, we will leg the read
er's attention whilst we examine it minutely.
It v.ili lie manifest to any reilectiug mind, that
there exists no natural right in any set of individu
als, to decide Ujon the righis of another set. If
any right at aii exists, it must lie a conventional
right, that is, a right conferred by an agreement or
compact Ik? t ween all the parties. If three men ac
cidentally tall iu company together, who would pre
tend that any two of them had a right to make the
other submit to any requisition thev should in,o. se
upon him, merely because they were a majority?
No one would pretend this. If, however, three
men should unite iu an agreement for the accom
plishment of some particular object, in which it
was stipulated, that the decision of two of them
should be obligatory on the third, in that case the
minority would bo bound to submit; but this right
in the majority to rule, it is clear, would result
from the compact.
This being the case, it is also clear, that the
parties to a compact or agreement, may make w hat