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0 / 75
rule they please, ns to the number which shall
have the right to decide, where unani mit y cannot
be had. Thus, in societies, chilis ls-sociutions, and
other small communities, etabli-hed tor useful,
... ... .- i -.ii i'
l"neicial reli"ions literary, or cnariiauie oniecis, .
there is usually a constitution, w Inch defines the that lollowed. , then. tins u-t r is to es(..i;c,:
proportion of jiersons which shall be competent to i claims to th" Vice Prexid. -try, tiles' chi u-, w hat
control the rest. In most cas;s, it is declared that eer may ! their weidii. !!. ,u.r to the W big coise.
a mijoritv of the votes shall determine questions, j
hut it is not uncommon to require a ote of two- j
thirds tor the currving into effect of some particu- ;
lir meiMires. Tims it is sometimes said, that)
two-thirds shall lie required to admit new members
or to expel a mMiiW, or to l r;i v lunds from the
treasury for particular purposes or to suspend a
by-law, or to accomplish some other particular oh
ieet. In all these cas's, it is in at'dest that th.e ma
jority does, not govern, nor is it right that it should : j,,f(, Committee of the V ii (', on the (itli It !u
gvern, seeing that the compact has expressly de- j tioti of the Committee of "Jo, in re -anl to making
r la red otherwise. Nor has any one a right to;.),,, capitation tax on slaves and free white ini!!-;
cooipl tin, however anxious he might lie to see the
majority and not the minority hae its own way in
the matter. It is the compart which settles it;
and, iril that be altered, there is no remedy, and
should a vote of two-thirds lie required to alter the
constitution, which is no leiuu il tiling, a dissatis
fy 1 pirt,if he could not o lin two-lhirds to his
vievs, would fi.id a resignation to In? his projn-r
L;-t us now carrv out this principle, so familiar to
us all, in th-J various small asrM it i. ns of which
; hive ! -mi m-uibers, tollie scale ol that ln'er
as-. M-iatioii -a!led a xoermneut. I't us IimiU fut
at th.; everiini'-it of the cily of riiihdelp!iia. 1
Tiiei", hv the ciiarler of tie- ci , less than a ma- j
j iiritv f the citizens cai chHse tlie iii"iiiIts of fV in the legislature; and it was to protect their
the S-deet anf Commo-i Councils. .1 plurality, j propn t v against onerous taxati n that a coustitu
. . . ... it. ..1 ... . " .. . . 1 .
ariliiot; miioritu, h reuuisne i.ir .t : ,
so, that if three tickets he ru i, tie; Councils may
l, el.-.-te I hv the voices of a little more than one
third of the voters. In tins case the majority docs
Ii of govern.
l-'ro-n th" f'itv of Piiila l-!-ihi a, h-t us turn to the
overnni":it of the State of eis Ivania, and here
we tio l that less than a intiorify oa'! the qualified
voters c:ui ch s' the iJ ivriior, a iihtrnfittf of
votes In ii? stirHcii-nt to eh-f, so that if thre were
a doz'ii can h iatus, a 'I :rnor ini rht lv eon-fitu-
tioialiv ieri."i nv a svvr" '" "i"'"
twelfth part of th" "!i b . K- of votr. In Mas- j
sa.dius"tts, Vermorit, an 1 M line. wuor is re-
" . . , ' , 11 .
ceure I to choose the (tovcr.Mr, and wh.'ti t.us is...
not "tF'eted 'it t'i' first canvass, a second one takes
. . , , - . ,
p ice, or the L"ms iture e.'iooses lum Iroai a'nonst
1 ' , . , -
th arsons return"!. xor are ttio iiiiiilcrs il,
.' . T 1 . .1 t
the Pen isvlvatea I .'Z' iture, strictiv s;n-!i:i,
1 . 1 1 . 1 ti .... ,i;i: t '
el'cfd hv a naioritv ot tfi" miali'i'J voters. A:
t it 1 . ... .I..... .1 1
. I I,.... ,1. t III '
ir;t itv of votos in rac!i rlrtnui Mi-frirt, i- ,
ci "it to -t-'teruiin
- . . .. .. .. .
1... .1... I r.'l I ... Il.l.- tllA
c .. . - i :.... ,t; trr.t
very irinci!I" ot voting ! election I'lstrieis, a,m
' - . . .
I'M erilllll". I E I" 0"l" , !! I" si-. in-,
ti ;t by a r-"iera! ticket, mav coino'"tdv ive a mi
nority of the people a majority in the Legislature.
rmm thf Vtiit-1 Stu'ts l-1cTrituh.
who Kiu.Hi) rocK itonmx.
The "w Vork CToirier ha an artje!" relative
p. T eiriis"h an I his A ler. The Courier s.a s, ; h;1.
th it Colon"! Johust m ii'-v er clai n"d to li" th" M"- , Mr. Swain h id invert an entirely difl'-rent cfni
ro w ho did that noble deed. We believe this was structioa to the act. Wh.it lie had un lersto nI hv
the case up to th" nid lie of the last session of ( 'on- "qu diziui; the tax on w hite and black polls, was
press; but as soon as th" C,,lof.(.l ,T.,t the pledge that if the tax on the wdiite poll (male If-nvo-i J!
thit h" was to : nornin ite at the ('tnvc -tio'i, he IMd were fixed at cents, t'iat on tlie black
c on- out liol llv, and nrodaini"d hitns'df the .S"?i- p.!l (ver slave, male or f'enal ', ln'tween ' an l
rr of Tf-ci: nx- h. I strik"s us it is to l ite in the ":!) should In no more than cents. II" had un
dtv to put firth th"S" pretention seriously. They ertNid this to In the interpretation by th" ni"m-mi-'ht
answer v"ll en u yh in th" Raenotis to earn lers who passed th" act.
a pe-iuv bv, but the Colonel had as well lieen silent. ,r Sawver said th"re had b-en a complaint in
The Courier says : th" Governor's ui"ssa", of serious fi in Is in the
" s this kilhu-r of 'fVcn'1' -h pnears to le the assi-ssment of tax ahl" property; and it had !een
prin"i al r'f nm -nd ition of 'o. Johnston fr the
Vic" Presidency. we in ail !, as ! hton il evi l"ace,
th.it it is not ka own bv whos" hand he f d, or in
fa -t that h" f"'l at ill iu 'hat net i n. S ite as
I ll . -t f ) f r it, (Jeneral Cass, th" tir"s"!it Sre-
tarv of NV'ar, ndio was i-i the action, on-'" in-pii-
ii s. in tinr oreseriee, or th" brother of 'fYriinw h in
r iat'on to his fill. This hrnth-T. who was known
as the Prophet, and in point of tal"nts, ,v:s equal
to Tcrrimtrh, w ilh u p -ssi-i bis warlike qtiali-
tc s, even at that late period refused to ive inform-
nfion of his brother's fate, alth he a bnitte th ;t
h" died ah .ut the tieri'Nl of tie- ! attle of fh irnrs.
h -therin! a !t 'ittle,orsubs-qii" itly,trouiwou,ils
. . . . l..l'l
p..(.fIVf pi i, ii" reins, u siv, tn i i i" i-ii-wi
if remains a mystery. We r fer with less hesita
tion to th"se enquiries m i l by (I ivninr Cass in
ls;l. i-e.o- at that period aven Col. Johq-fon
ri lieule I tii" i !" i of hivini killed Tecumtrh, and,
i i e n n ot. with ail w to were enia."d i;i the bif-
i -.i ... .a i ... .I.:.. ..i
t! ., ava-J"! li.Ms-n o, exerv o;..N,rmm.v ... ni i,,
i t : ! i" . . . i ...
e iTiiri's ei re.aiou t i ijts t
- t . - . t : .
Mur own tea itofi
i- au 1 it is f.u-H" I on th" inf rnrif ioq of sevral
UT I 'U l'l en- rot i't ts v no wi'1 g rriim w ri ;ioo
i - i .
i- . ...i. . i ... i i
n the a'-ti in, m i i oil enquiries man" ot at
h istoue fina Ir-d Inli ns diireig our long inter
c urs" with t'l-m in that tee-ion ttiit 'IVcims'h
a -t i illv oe-ish -1 i'i the li d I of battle, and that his
j, v was jni a liitelv bor o fro n the ( "i -I I. and
O-IO- I. Ml I !l '.IT l.l':0-. . . . !!. ll"ll
U i-.t-. : ir i.e.. Is. ' who kl!
. i t... .. I.-.., ..-! ti. In in. f !-( !s in oo r arniv
ii I ne 'is ' i ' -.
j . in savin;, that his
i.iivwas n-y am ine
s tin, and it is --(j i.illc c-rt.dn "hat during th- can
t t h ; was s.-.-n in di T-r at puts .f the frd l, ur
ig his w irri u s t i tl i th"ir tluty ; ms- q i -nilv ,
t i :V'ict' !' his fill is i ni itt'Tof .nvstery. lie
vr a net t "vtraor li a ary t if" its. ;ni as a war-
rior and a se.t. s an was Hi,.-, ',ly wit;, out , rio roc, , , e,,; ,.. o n ers. ;
a , ..qua! sin - the days of PenKoc. That h" w ,s j Mr. S., .ber mov-d, as an an, -ndm nt th" r"- ! .Vi4S ,:.,, ,?. lieSofOr-
t "eietnv of the whiles is true, and it is equally ; solution, ti.it it t m.oh" it to alter th- l';'' ..,.; f.,;i, a deli ,i'e motion of this kind should l-e act
f ie that he h el g.od cause f.r such enmity, and ! mod" of voting bv bdN-t; .v ucq was not cn-i"l. jv oj ,,.ak itl t!l(. ;ir!i,.P sil(,!d !e filled,
ch. "i n supp.rt of ah it he d""urd the cause of his, Mr. Sp ,d.t m ..-! an amen hue,,!, that it ,s x- j j ,...,;... jlltt4,ed , , hi.-,, the propriety of lav-
r.ie ; an I. alth I'lh a u ingerous ana troublesome
e i" nv, h" was one whose talents and Indian virtues
entitle his men.orv to the reoct ot his enemies.
In our opinion, there is no merit in having been the ; sessing vital imp -rtauee to the State. Ours was a
shi'trr of f:-rh ' man, and vv tniM le permitted j Governnr tit of resp msibiiity. VII votes of a meui
t, siv. 'hit thr" is -t little of civilization in Col. Iwr of assembly should be given in such a way,
J, Vis . s .i.itti.'g is nvn o skin and otherwise i that his c !istitueuts might ku w whether or not
mutil 'e th" lead bo'.'s of Indians supposed to
hive '." -umseh. That, at least was an In
dian pi .' fiif' -n wfiich even Tecum!'
w ml 1 hav .Tc'.-o.' . ; anl its practice by titir j
sol lirs savs little in favor of their ctvihz if ton, or
their respect for the laws of honorable vvarf ire.
But this is a disgusting suhjeet at least, and nly
referred to bv us, Ix-cattse th? Tory can li lat.; for
tlie Vice Presidency is put fmv :rd as entitled to
the votes of his fellow citizens in consequence of
his lie'mg the slayer of Tecwnsrh ! To even this
poor honor, however, .he cannot lay claim, ami a
hundred others, nubordinates 1 ke himself, are equal
ly entitled to the merits of the victory of the
Thome. In common with others, similarly situa
ted, he did his duty and commanded his regiment
I with ability : Imt what comma t' tiit on th it day
I ni.t erlorui his duty ? All behaved uc!!, ami
to their unitcii ex iti-ris ami the foresight and mi- j
litarv t ah nts of ih- i.-n.-nl in o:nin iiui, William i
'ft i'i .1 . ii. i . . t . . . I .
n. i ia t nsou, ine count rv is uuk mom ior ine n-u.i j
and we say, let tic name ot' i.irrt-:i lie placed
the Whig ticket."
- - -
Sl'AT COK V&lVTIOX.
loui-tia p fuom i:ik lvtixi i:via:iiui pviu::.s.
Monday, J '! 22, l-o.i.
On motion of Gen. S:i"i ht. th" Convention went
.Mr. (Jaithr's iimii dm --tit , that it is -"x;r.'di-ent
to equalize said tax: ami .lude )iiier that
it is exped cut to m tl.e suc h equalization then
came on for co;iiderali n.
Mr. Collins th"ti !noed to amend the resolution,
so as to require that the individual tax on s!aes
mal" and female, I-tweeu 1J and oil, sleu!d ' eo
no rte.iter than on w hit' males between 'JI and l"i.
Mr. (.'. remarked, that his only object and de-ire
was, in in-Ttin this provision i:i the Constitution,
jto pioi-ct that speeies of projrrtv from uaqual
:uu jurdMi-ojoe taxation
that the section of the State where there was t!ir
r(-eatest numli'T of slaves, would b.r in the miuori-
tmoal provision ot tins keiU in-came uecessar .
Mr. Dohsoii made s.une remirks hut Uii
out of our view, we heard very little of what he
srii !. Wc understood him to say, that the inter
ests of the east and west on this q i -sii in were too
nearlv ideutiti -d to apprehend auv danger of one's
oppressing the i:ier. -o iou:! mere were the
rno-t slaves in the east l-it thv wre so divided
.1 . . 1 . 1 t 11'.. 1 i..i..i .1
.1 .1 11.. 1 .1
1 in ine wis . 11 11 nan uin- (I'tum mere were 1 e
.rn. tlM .!.. ,,f t;t:i i!ies th-re .vim held slaves;
that th' jj'.'.ieral interest of the c uiuuunitv in
the profeti -n of tins yj.'-i-s ot pr..KMtv, was as
n;if r r,.:!l.r trm Ul
, . ,, r n n ,
Mr. Wellborn sji.ike aat.tsf the ntuond'H'Mit.
. .11 v .
II" thought the east had suIIh lent r'iaraat tor
r I ii r si tve propertv, wiffi out IirnffTiu up tii"
.'. - '
(constitution witn provist ns 0.1 tae suhe ct. W c
, . .. 1 , , . , J
iid not hear his remarks distinctly,
... 1 , ," r 1 1 r
11 r. S n er said. iN.-inir u iiK'uui-r of the l ist !,-
,,,,, , ,
.r' itttf IkfB MOV llo id Ol'ikiUirill.r thi. I,.M
MlH I U M IIX, lflt III II UfM III 111 HI' !
. 1 . n . - ,
Tin 1 Ml !lll IHM'lll.l Ml
it to the Cot iv entiou bill, vvliic'i
ii ive to the clause u w u;i ler disi.'ussioii its present
-. , .
tt.ia...l..i- I in li nitiirtinl nii.li ..I thn i hiii
phraseolon v. And his interpretation of the cl ausi
was, that in order to make the tax on slaves and
free white polls equal, it should lx? provided, that
if slaves w ere m id" taxab'e Ik-Mom-ii 1 ! and "til, so
should whites of the same ajes le subjected in like
manner and if ennts vvre required to In paid
on a black, the satin; should be levied on the white
recouiuien 1 d by His ljxet'l!eucy to :n ik.' th tax
on siavs uriiserinnnaT", iroui ritancy to iiot:j'1
a. This, Sawyer th uht, at the time,
won! I op Tate most uMequally and imjiHtly ; and
this it was that induced him to of-r his aniee !-
ment, which had incorponifed into th" act.
And if gentlemen p ive a dil"rerit const ri.-ti n to
the act IV en vv'i it was iutetided by the fram ts of
it, the fault could not lie at his d-Nir.
Mr. Ca-l m said, all tint i' was necss iry f r
tMO (',,,, Ve;,ti ..u to io, was to fix .jeaera! pt in iph s,
,,( to enter into detail in regard to ta ?i . i. lie
thou dit a discretion should re-t with lb" le d-la-
, as jf tll;.rlt he necessary for the.., tofiv anew
the a'es letween vvhic'i polU shouid b' siihj ct"d
Mr. Iving said, that iletertninirer the ag" at
wh: h a pill sliall In li ible to taxation, had never
leen a constitutional provision; it had been regula
te I Ijy the legislature and in th"ir hands h was
.lisoosed to leave all future regulations of thi kin 1.
i .. .... u i. ....... i
II. liiiiiii nur u imi .ii i,is e-!.t:i ii'i'iMi'i
that the tax on slives l'tweeu 1"J and od, shoul 1
lr no e;re ier than on white males let .veri '21 and
lo. Toe Committee rose; the Resolution, as amen
ded, was adopted by the C-invention, anil referred
to a Sd"ct Committee of 1'ive.
The 1th resolution relative to providing sonc
oth"r uioe than the preset it tor the apN ml ot nt o
niihtia officers an
l-tices of the peac o a sse.1 I
, , . , .
nil "i ;o ooioiio
e o th" hole, was auoptet
I tle Y Ii,.!.. vi is : iiiteif I
, , - , , . ... .
t tie? i o ivc!iu u, a'i'i. on moiion oi .vir. riieoer. i e .... -
ref-r.-ed to a Committee of Five. j. subject could hesitate, if they would make the eX
Ti.,. ... .1 xi.. ,.t l'.,;,.,.o amin ition he hid. Impressed with th conviction,
th" Wa 'I" on th" 1 1 "solution. on th" epedi-
eq.-v of Compelling uieillliers of Assembly to Vol-
I .1 .1 4 Il '
' pc le-nt to c uiji'-t nr
. v;i voce.
; . t
inuers til as-s .iihlv to vote .
Mr. Spei;ut saie he vie-vc i t us question as :is
h" faithfully represented th n. M nb -rs are
rooiH'H"d to vote op"ulv on the passage ot all acts,
w!i"n the aves and not s an called; an 1 h could
perceive no goo 1 reason why they sicni! ! n t be
compell" 1 to b't th" p"on! kn-cv who fh'jy vo
ted !or in imp trfarit el"' ti :is. Like reas ms d: I
not api'Iv, however, to t I cti ns i the jko 1" : t!i 'y
wore resionsih'e to no one !nt themselves, for the
niauuer i:i which the- ercis.-.! th r d of s d-
frage; it was nobo lv ''"-iu-
e v ti'
. -u ho"
t. A viva
in tin aw k-
.Mr. Cooper opt
voce vote would oft-
a ... .
wark predi. anient. I'or iusl i -e ; I. t us siipnose
t!i"re is an otlic" to till, and n!y one candi late;
under the exrwet atio.i you will I? e no chant e to
vote tl.r u better iuu.ii, you prouiia. to supp ut him -
Now. I.: i. te iht lection cmes on, a .-ned. '.; e j
i o.iejed much better quahlicd than tin- fust, ami
I tccl obliged to voe for him : Tor this. 1 am told, i
by the tnf, that I h iv deceived him, by an iiii- j
. . -. . 1 . .'It . .... .,11........ ...... I . .
num. .u. v . s.n i n- mv. am. moo. m on
prmcip.e, as ue wi-hv'il the m 'iiiIhts to tiave a t.ur .
Coaii'-e ti jive an i'n.;: eiilei)t vote. i
Mr. S.-aw II said there was a vast ditH renee be- ;
t wee 1 1 a citizen's voting; at the polls, and a memlier
voting in the ieMiskitun; : A citizen lias no one to
ar.s.verto hnf his own conscience : Ho has a riht, !
if he choose.., to screen his vote from the inquisito
rial .sea re 1 1 ot" ius -lr dies : lhlt l rr 4 escutative's
puitlic acts should fi7 li known. W iut is a jour
nal of pi'iteecihtis kept for unless it be to show
wiiat h ive oeen t.ie acts of the people's agents j
(' they have v--ted, Vc.
Mr. i,i-ton Ixdieved hat the viva vixe vote
woit'd In pro-luctive of no ijood, but mucti evii.
A representative shetild Im rsnoiis;h!e to his cmi--;tilu"t:'s.
hut nooiieeise. A memlMn woull not da re
lo;en his constituents anv int'iruiatioti tiiey milit
desire in regard to his vote. He thou rht that no
In in lit would result Jroin the viva voce vote; it
would, to be sure make a member toe the murk
in hiiih party times. This mode of vofinuf would
produce discussions of pnate character and the
legislature would tinis he converted info a kind of
sch ni ;f scandal animosities would lie eneiuler
ed, friendships hr..ken up, ivc.
Mr. Branch said, the same reasons that he should
vote tbr this am 'iidmenl, would induce him to re
quire the p 'ople to (jive a viva voce vote at the
polls. He thought the ,te ballot was calcula
te I to lieiei base se- ilit , and induce habits of du
plicity. lv adopt tii"; the viva voce vote, the de
jradiii s -lein ,i" poii'ii al !-ri-'diu.r would li cut
up by the roots; and members would lie more ele
vate 1 in their coudu. t and character.
Mr. Scaweii s,,id a viva vN-e vote misfit lead to
disi iissions o" private character iii the legislature;
but there Wiiuld Ik' this advantage in it, that thes
discussions would le open and pulihc, and niiht In
met and lei'uted if false; whereas, according to the
s stem of eleciioiiei-iiniT tin ier th; present mode of
voting by hallot, -a Uidates are found skulki'i":
arountl Iroui I'Niui to rNm, w hisp ri!iir scandal in
to the ears of m-Mihcrs j i reii iitl to their tivals;
arid it so), lt. times so haopeus that candidates are
voted ifown on srn'I sus licions, winch they have
no chance of diss.i.it;n, for the reason that they
know pot of them.
Mr. Maori (too President) said, if all nvm were
virtu ins and honest. th--re would In- no necessity
t"ir t ovcrtimetit. It was to protect the p"aceabe
and well dispnsed against rojues and di-honest men,
that 'joverrvicnt atid laws fnM-anc tiee-ssarv.-
What was the necessity of our Bill of Bights, but
to prevent ourselves and th -. who may come af
ter us from d oi i s-.me thiu wron ? Air. M.
thought it would ;i!.v;ivs l sal'-r for the represen
tative t put his vote on tic J ui?:ias as it would
In- a record to which he could refer, when pecessa
rv , l r proof of what his vote h:d b"en. ICvaory
aenf shmil I In h"l I responsihl" to his principal ;
and In licvinr 1 1 a t the viva voce vote will lie a
ine uisi.f str"e:thetiin;; that resjKn.sibility, heshould
lulf fir tlie n-neodui'o'f.
The nuieivlmerit was finally adopted ; when the
CotnM'i"" rose, ri ud tfi" anieniim"'it was adopted
by the Convention ave.-, noes -10.
Tuesihuj, June 'J.'J, loo.
(!( n. SjMadit. from the Select Committee oq the
stih(e'-t, ri p-rled an amendment to the Constitution,
iti reiali-Mi to the rini core vitinr by Memliers of;
Assenibly, which was read the first 1 1 up. j
(v. Swain, froni the (!ommrtte to whom was I
it-f ried the subject ot Borough Kepresentat ion, re
port e 1 a 1'esolution to ah dish the same, except s.
far as relates t iMeuton, Ncwin'ru. Fayetteville
and tl ut; i o in. B"ad the lirst time. j
Th" Articles prescribing the nuailter of wliich j
the Senate and II use of ( 'ominous sliall consist, i
omce; as tlie order of the l y,
Mr. " iisou. of" Berquim-ns, heiui!' i'ju uant as he
said, of I'.ii'iameniarv rule, rose to enquire if he
Could prep s" an amendment now to the Articles.
The President assenfiur,
Mr. W ils..n submitted a motion to strike out 1 "JO,
in the Arte l" realue.T to the House of Commons,
a id iiis-nt !f) ; and "id in the Article relating to the
Senate, and insert -H. He said he came from a
section of country opposed to any change in the ex
istiuir Constitution. His const iim-nts ui nifestef!f
bv the-r vote, an ard'-nt desire that it should not hi?
changed. But alter the indications which hud al
ready u given, any attempt to resist an altera
ti in of th it i.qsf -unient would, he km-w-. prove una
valiru'. and inigh' subject him t i the imputation of
!ci:io captious. H" intended, therefore, to keep
hi- ei steadily lived on that course of policy lest
ca'cul.tled to advance the ii.terests of the State, and
advocate onlv sueb measures ns were caltailate.l to
produce this result. II" tad I wot-vl s ui" time to
tii - ex en-nation of the priH-eedi"";s of the various
Ijei-latures winch h id li"en convene I in the State
since J Vi'li, and the conclusion had been f rc I on
his mind, that the sole cause of the pp 'traded sit-
I s aos ot tii ' I , ' mi a'u re, ,,j .?e years
la:'T" llUUltier Ot ineti.lM'lS o WUICll lie
V iM. . ,l.,l,i ti,i
that the root of the evii was to In- found in theovei
".row a size of th" Legislature, he felt it his duty to
ic i-ir.'g m g motion.
ing il on the tab!", until that matter was decided.
Mr. Wilson Hjsenti-ig,
The question on pos'jMining was decided in th.e
negative, and Mr. Fisher then moved to fill the
blank in each article with the word " fnenniiil."
Oa this motion, an extended debate occurred, in
w hich Messrs. Iv! wards, Outlaw, Sw ain, Carson,
and Collb.sopp )sed,aud Messrs. Fisher, McQueen,
and T.iotner advocated the motion.
On the question "Shall the blank lie filled with
the word biennial ?" Ge i. Speight called for the
.Xyes anil Xuy, which were as f. Mows:
f's. Mcwrs A nd re?, Arri'igton, Adams, Bowers,
Itan ri.'fr, Ui'-oi, Baxter. Rr.t ain. Biggs. Igniting. Brod
ni. C"rii.hii.C!tth-y, Causler. Co.,eer, 'halmej-s, Iix;
kerv. Dohson, Bilitj'.t. I'e relief. Fisher, Fnison, Frank
Im, Gatling, (iait'e-r, (irava, NV. Gaston, A. F. Gaston,
Gtiiau, finer, (laiaes. (hay, (Iiles, G.idger. llili, llu
gan, Hurgrave, Hiissey, Jbxlgi s, 1 Inj-j in, Hnicheson,
Ifola.es, jervis. Jr.itier, Jaeoclcs, b'ino. ITellv, I ."a. M-Qa-er.
Vorris, .V'.Mill ui, Melchur. MThersoti, BDiar
t:;ifh Ma reliant, MoreheTd, M .irt;M. o-t ' upery. M" ir.
Moore, .orcirn. Owen, P"irsul. P.-rk"r. Powe'.!. J.
i iloiusv , ii. ii. iwus.1 v , SvVjUia, :liuiit ciiin.ior, oLaii-
::irs S : -. Siaders. J. S. S ei'li. B. J. S eth, Sheher,
Spruil, iKM::er, Wir.te, Welch, J. Wilson, J. W. Wil
liams, R. WilSi:iius, WelNirn. Vounir.
y,,fs. Messrs. Averitt, linner. Branch, Biily. B:r
chett. Cox, Calvert, Chambers. J. M'Douell Carson,
Coliins. D-mie!, til wards. Co'-. ' a, (lary, Hill, H;ilsey,
K. Jones, Macon, Outlaw, l'.e.veil, ihpkui, Buifin, Kay
eer, lioulli.ic, Savvver, K. J- S iacdiJ, J. Speight, SujriT,
Se, a ell. Tav luo, frov, U 1). Wilson, W. B. Williams,
The Articles now Ikmp on their third reading,
Mr. Wilson pressed his amendment, ami delivered
lis views in support of it at ieat length. He was
e died to by Jude Daniel, ami Cen. Wellborn.
uu"stion on the adoption ot the amendment
was decided in the uegitivc, only "-'3 Delegates vo
ting tor it.
Wednesday, J"ne '21, lSo-").
Tlie Convention resumed the consideration of
the Article whicii has relation to the number of
members winch shall compose the Senate and
House of Common, when
Mr. Kelly moved an amendment to change the
mode of assigning the numlier of Representatives
left, after apportioning the numlier to which each
county is entitled by the federal population, msieau
of placing them to the counties having the largest
fraction, according to federal population, amongst
the several counties having fractions, so as to pro
duce the greatest equality in the Representation.
This motion, after dehale. in which it was advo
cated b .Mess is. Kelly, J acock , Bryan, and Too
mer, and opposed bv Messrs. (ten. Speight, Judge
Ci.istoii, aim if. NX ihiaius, was negatived votes
The Convention then, on motion of Governor
Swam, the Chairman of the large Committee, to
whom the subject had been committed, called up
the Report in favor of allowing tiie towns of Eden
ton, Newiiern, Wilmington, and Fayetteville, each
Tlie Report was taken up accordingly ; when
Mr. Skinner, from Ch .wan, sjnike at some length
in favor of adopting the recommendation of the
Committee. Mr. Skinner was Pillowed by -Mr.
Holmes, from New Hanover, in opposition io the
It put; by Mr. Kelly, from Moore, ami Mr. (iiles,
from Rowan, in favor of the Report. After w hich,
Mr. M cares moved an adjournment.
Tharst'iiy, June '2o, l.'M.
den. Dockery moved the following Resolution,
to he on toe on the tatile till lo-morrow :
ih sol red) That, during t he icinaioder of the Ses
sion, the Convention siiaii take a recess from one
to three o'clock. !
On motion, the Resolution was immediately ta
ken up for consideration but, after some little,
discussion, and on a statement that there would be
lor some days considerable business Ix-fore the
Committee, and by others, that they never knew
any good to rise from attempts to hurry the discus
sion of important business, tlie motion was ordered
to lie on the table.
On motion of Mr. Fisher, the Committee of the
Whole was discharged from the consideration of
the i:hh, 14th, lo:h, 10th, 17th, I th, and 19th
Resolutions embraced in the Report of the Com
mittee appointed to consider and report the manner
m which it would be proper to take up the business
of the Convention, and each of the Resolutions
were refuted to a Committee.
The lain R so!utian relates to a provision that
the Atlomex -General sh ill lie eleded for a term
years. The 1 Ith to providing a tribunal wherein
.Indies of the Supreme and Superb r Courts, and
other Olhcers of the State, may t" impeached ami
tried fr corruption ami mal-practice in ohace.
The 15th directs an enquiry whether any amend
ments shall be made for vacating the oUlce of a
Justice of the Peace, ami disqualifying him from
holding such appointment upon conviction of an in
famous crime, or of corruption and mal-practice in
office. The 10th directs an inquiry what provi
sion shall Ik mad" providing for the removal of any
of the Judges of the Supreme and Sujerior Courts
fr mental or physical inability, upon a concurrent
resolution of two-thirds of the Legislature. The
17lii directs an enquiry what amendments shall be
made providing that th" salaries of the Judges shall
not !e diminished during their continuance in of
fice. The ldh directs an enquiry whether any
amendment ought to Ik made to provide against
unnecessary private Legislation. The 19th directs
an enquiry whether auv amendment ought to be
made to provide that no Judge of the Supreme
Court shall be e'igili'e to anv office, or anv Judge
of the Superior Court to any other oiike than that
of the .la Ige of the Supreme Court, while retaining
his judicial appointment.
The Convention then took up the unfinished bu
siness oi yester lav , w hich w as the Report projio
sing to give a Representative t each of the towns
of Ivienton, Nowliern. Wilmington, and Fayette
ville; when Messrs Me. ires, Ttiomer, and Judge
G.istmi spoke in tavor of adopting the Report, and
Judge Sea well, and Mr. Wilson of Perquimoiis
On taking the question, the Report was disa
greed to, 7"i votes to "!).
On motion of Judge Gaston, the question was
then taken on giving Representatives to the towns
ol New hern. W ilmiiigton, and t ayetteville, and ne
gatived 75 to 47.
Priday, June '2G, 1So5.
Mr. Giles rose ami stated, that he had been re
quested to ask leav e of absence from the serv ices of
the Convention, for the balance of its session, for
Mr. 1). M. Barringer, of Cabarrus, the state of
whose health rendered it necessary for him to visit
the North, in search of Medical aid. Leave was
Mr. Iv I wards moved that the Convention go into
a Committee of the Whole, on the Resolution in re.
lation to the .Tgnd Article of the Constitution.
The question having lieen stated,
Dr. Smith rose to rmevv a motion, which on yes
terday had lieen decided out of order, to lav this
subject on the table. He did not wish to prevent
discussion, hut he was satisfied the liest disposition
which could be made of it was to lay it on the ta
ble. If the Convention determined the matter
should lie discussed, he wished it amply and fully
done. It was to ascertain this fact whether a dis
cussion was inevitable, that he submitted his mo
tion, and on it fie called for tlie Ayes and Vec.
Before taking his seat, Dr. Smith would say, that
with all due defeien'ce for the (.'hair, he thought it
mistaken in its decision on the pojnt of order yes
terday for the motion made by him was wiiat is
termed a privileged one.
Th" President remarked, that subsequent reflec
tion had convinced him tnat the Chair was vwon,T.
Mr. R. D. Speight rose to ak what th" gentle
man from Orange pn posed to lay on the table.
The 'resident. The social order of the day .
Mr .S'.tc.v. The Convention may postpone
going into Committee of the Whole on the Order
of the day, but it is not in order to move to lay it on Q
the table', lt had been referred to a Committee of
the Whole, and no order on it could be taken until
that Committee had rejorled.
The President. I consider the motion in order.
Mr. Speight. Then, sir, I appeal from the de.
cision of the Chair to the Convention.
Mr Kd wards concurred in the opinion with the
Chair, that the motion was a proper one.
Dr. Smith rejoined, stating the ditierence be
tween the ellect of a proposition referred to a Com
mittee of the Whole, and to a Select Committee.
Gov. Branch said he had left a sick room to vote
on this question. A motion is submitted to lay it
on the table. Why so? Is there any mote press
ing business on band ' is it feared we shall act pre- "
cipitatelv? or is there any other reason?
Judge Gaston rose for information from the
Chair. He knew that the motion to lay on the ta
ble was not a dehateable one. Suppose the motion
of the Gentleman from Orange prevails, and the
special order of the day is laid on the table, will it
not be competent for anv member afterwards, to
move to take it up, ami assign his reasons for the
President. Co rta it dy .
Judge (Jasfon. Then it is useless to attempt to
stifle discussion. It must go on.
The question was taken on Mr. S-wnght's appeal
from the Chair, and its decision was contirmel.
Mr. Kd wards said he knew the motion to lay on
the table was not dehateable, but presumed a re
mark or two as to the propriety of the motion would
not lie tint of order. He would ask the gentleman
from Orange, whether it comported with the pur-W
poses for which the Convention had assembled, to
give the go-by.
Mr. Wilfiams. of Franklin. The gentleman is
certainly out of order.
Mr. LM wards resumed his seat, and tlie question
recurring on the motion to lay on the fable, it was
negatived 1'2 to 49.
The question was then put and carried, for going
into Committee of the Whole, on the Resolution,
and Mr. Fisher was called to the Chair.
The question having been stated to be on the
adoption of the Resolution, a very long and anima
ted debate arose. Messrs. Kd wards, Daniel, Bry
an, Samuel P. Carson, ami NVellborn, spoke in fa
vor of amending or expunging the 3gnd Article,
ami Mr. Cooper against it. On motion of Mr. Gil
liam, the Committee rose, reported progress, and
obtained leave to sit again, and the Convention theiya
Saturday, June '21, 1 slo.
On motion of Mr. Kuwaitis, the Convention
.again resolved itself into a Committee of the hole,
on the Resolution in relation to the ?Jnd Article of
the Constitution, Mr. Fisher in the Chair; when a
debate arose which occupied the wiu !e .f the sit
ting, without taking the question. The Speakers, in
favor of amending the Aiti !e, by striking out th
most objectionable parts of it, were Coveni-us
Svvain, and Branch, the President of the Conveiitio!.,
General Wellltorn, and Mr. Crudup; and ; g ti -i
amending it, Dr. Smith ai;d Mr. Cooper.
The Committee has leave to sit again, and on
Moi'dav, it is probable, the question will U- lake,..
(ireat Drspatch. Some enterprising M-t.r
in New York have stai ted a day line lietwee , t;.it
city and Boston; ami, lor the purpose of c;K t :;?
their object, have built a steamboat called the Lt
inzton, on a somewhat new construction, whiciwN
seems to surpass, in swiftness, any other v- s, 4
the world. She performed her first trip from New
York to Providence cJa'J miles) in 1'2 hours -s
minutes, going a part of the time at the rate of -JO
miles an hour, and her return trip in the si,:; mure
extraordinary time of 11 hours o 9 minutes.
The New York Journal of Commerce says, her
suHMior s'leed is to lie attributed to the novelties
in her construction, and "ives the following des
cription of her dimension, eVc.
"She is "JO'S feet long, has 22 feet beam, and 11
feet hold. She is timbered in a manner to give the
greatest degree of strength, and is put together
with the utmost accuracy and niceness of work-
manship. But that which enables her to endure, Q
on so long a line, the immense pressure which
liears upon the stem ami stern, while she is forced
through the water at so rapid a rate, is that the deck
is an arch, this bringing the pressure against the
ends of the ti miters and plank instead of against
their sides. The stroke of the piston is 11 feet,
the diameter of the water w heels tw enty-four feet,
and the revolutions twenty-one to twenty three a
minute. The boiler and the weight of machinery,
as far as possible, are placet! in the hold. She was
built by Messrs. Bishop and Simonson, for and
under the siierintendence of Captain Cornelius
Yanderbilt, whose reputation tor fast boats is so
well established in this community; and the great ob
ject in view by her enterprising owner, was to test
the feasibility of establishing, in connexion with the
Boston and Providence Railroad, a line lietweeii
this city and Boston, which should perform the-
entire distance (gol miles) by day-light. Her enXJ;
gine is from the foundry of the Messrs. Kemble at
West Point, of about 140 horse jiower."
Huge Shark. A shark was killed a few days
since, at Provincetown, Cape Cod, which measured
twenty seven feet i'i length, with a girt of ffteen
(?) feet about the body, and from whose liver the
fishermen expected to get eight barrels of oil.
This, it seems to us, is the largest Shark we ever
heard of. The villain got entangled among some
herring nets, and was nearly exhausted, when his
captors put off in a boat and harpooned him.
Mr. James Sheridan Knowles sailed from New
York for Liverpool on the 16th instant. The
New York papers state Mr. K. will return to this
country in November next, with his wife and daugh
ter. Capt. Marryatt, author of Peter Simple and Ja-'
cob Faithful, and Editor of the London Metropoli
tan Magazine, arrived in New York a few days
Reported Detection. The chief robber of the
Branch of the Darien Bank in Sav anah, (O'Meaia,)
is rejMarted to have been arrested in New Orleans,
and 03,000 dollars of tlie stolen money recovered.
He was pursued, from this city, bv Thomas Tant,
one of our Police Odicers, who' is but little inferior,
m such occasions, to old Hays himself. He is re
ported to be on his way kick, to " restore tlie de-p-isaes."
Aagi'sia (Georgia) Courier.