PUBLISHED EVERY SATURDAY MORNING AsJ-H'JOIL 331211 AIKD aD32331 W fflAS&PfQ'Ti EDITORS AND PROPRIETORS.
.JVi6ci- 15, TWtuiic 1G : SALISBURY, NORTH CAROLINA, SEPTEMBER 12, 1835. vmocv fomAeSmumS 797.
TIlC Western Clirolilliail.
BY ASII13CL SMITH &. JOSEPH W. HAMl'TO-V
TERMS OF I't BLICATION.
1. The Western Carolinian is published every S i- ; again set out in a North East direction, crossing
tlrday, at Two Dollars per annum if paid in advance, the Labaca, Xavidad, and Coloral rivers to San
or Ivo Dollars anJ Fifty Cents if not paid before the I-VIiM?, the capital of Austin's Colony on the Uio
expiration of three month J. j Brasses. Here, after a separation of 19 days, we
a. No piper will be dont.nuod until a 1 arreragesa met wU, I ! , ,j, i(lwortlU, who h:l l lieen await
are paid, unless at the discretion ot the Ivli tors. . . .
:j. Subscriptions will not be received for a less time 1 r arrival for about two weeks, and ,. the
than one year ; and a failure to notify the iIitors ot a I
wish to discontinue, at the end of a year, w ill be coiii
dered as a new engagement.
4. Any person who will procure six subscribers to the
Carolinkn, and lake the trouble to collect and transmit :
their subscription-money to the lihtors. shall have a pi-
per gratis aunn-uieircoi unu ince.
. , , , r . .i i ii. J
tr. tl.r.n t ri.ti r, h Ihn Tl,l ut flltur Tl.ll n 1 1' . fit tilt II
get the nrkn-nclctlment of any respectable person t'o
jrove that such remittance was regularly made,
TRHMS OF ADVERTISING.
1. A h'crtiso-n" its will be conspicuously and correct
ly insert- !, at .' cents pr stjuir? for the rirt insertion,
an I '.- c-'its f r eich continu-snce : b'i wlier an nil- ;
vertis.?-neit is ordered to z in o-dv twice, ") et-. will
o in o-ily twice, ;i cts. win
io:i. If ordered for one in-;
. , , CJ
h'e deduction from the auo e I
be ch-ired f.)r each insertion,
sertioti oil!)-, -?;1 will in all c
'2. Persons who iC&ire to
!.... I I...
whir 'es for transient custom.
to t(innr5i'oi)nTs. !
, . . .
1. To insure promot att.-ntion to Letters art Iresstd
. ii ii .i. oil i
to l!ie h:;tor-. th yi-;ti 'e h u! I in ill ra--s ;tu !..
iv ReceSS ;
"lfll YKT RKMINS INSI'Mi.
' A.NZ S,
Written in a copy nf .Ur- Vihlr prrsrite! fn my
Dan." ht r.
BV MRS. CO US WALL C. WILSON.
When, in future di;.-nt years,
T!iou shall loo upon tins pure
Through the cry.-ttl vale of tears
That dim our eyes in aflcr-ae;
Think it was a mother's h tnd.
Though her smile no more thou'lt see,
Fointir.g tow-.rds that better land,"
Gave this sacred gift to thee !
Ughtly thou esteena'st it now,
For thy heart is young and wild,
And upon thy girlhood's brow,
Xought bur sunny Hope Inth smiled !
Bat when disappointments comic,
Ami the world begins t0 steal
All thy spirit's early bloom.
Then its value thou wilt feel!
To thy chamber, still ami lone.
Fly and search this sacred pnge,
When earth's bl mdisbments are gone,
L'very grief it will assuage!
CIomj thy door against the din
Of worl ly folly worldly fear
Only let the raiiance in
Ofench heavenly promise here!
W?i -n thy bruised spirit bends
'X nth th'- weight of sorrow's chain.
When of all life's summer fiends,
Not one llittcrer shall reniiin;
Iiy this u iciioa to the wound
Of thy smitten, bleeding breast
Here the balm is found
That can yield the weary rest!
. Nor alone in hours of woe
Search the Scriptures,' but while joy
Doth life's bhsdfu! cup o'er flow,
l!e it oft thy swe-t ernuloy ;
So. remembering in t'.v inulh
l-m wfiose spirit lig'its erch page,
Thou s ialt have abundant proof
1 will iot f r r,t t':i' -.'
i'ru.n an Ali-fiina I'uytr.
Near Xe.ma, June 10, 1635.
Mr. Editor: Having returned from Texas,
whither 1 was sen, lit company witli Mr. iloliius
worlii, by a respectable number of the citizens ot
Greene county, to iooU into the quality of the soil, ;
the laws, religion, vVc, and t. report as to the prac- j
ticabdily and cxM.dieuey of emigrating theieto, I I
submit the following Report: We left Xenia on
the J3d of March, accouijKinied by Mr. Dean, a id t
reached .Ne Orleans on the 7th of April. Ou j
the Otu we left New Or.eaus on board the Orig '
Koxana ; on the lOtii passed the b r at the mouth j
of the Mississippi, dismissed the Pilot, and set sail
for Mata-orda, winch wo reached, with some dilh-
cultv, oa the l?th. Matagorda, (from whence our
obseration comuienceuj is a small town witn a
population of about 100, and is situated at the junc
tion of the Uio Colorado, w ith the Hay of Matagor
da. Here .Mr. Holhugsworth and myself parted,
he, in company with six or eight others, having an
Ox wagon along with them, proceeding North for
fan Felipe, and Mr. Dein and I going down 1 he
Day westward, in an open boat about 00 miles; all
of us having been unable to procure horses at Ma
tagorda. Leaving the Day, we proceeded up to
Coroi.qua liayou, to a place w here we expected to
procure horses ; here, too, we were disappointed ;
b procuring an Ox Cart we journeyed westward
to the Navidad, a small river which empties into
the Labaca river, which again empties into the
Day of Matagorda. At this point, four days after
leaving Matagorda, having hired a man tbr the
purpose, we procured two poor, little, sore-kicked
horses, on which, at best, we could trael only about
20 miles a day, but making icootlen spurs, with
stout hickories in our hands, we again set our faces
westward. Passed the Labaca to the Gaudaloue:
thence, in a North West direction, up said river,
and through M- de Leon's Colony, to Gonzales, in
Do Witt's" Grant. The population of this town,
which is als small, does not much exceed that o!
Matagorda. Lea ing here we proceeded along the
St. Mark's river to the residence of James George,
(formerly of f Lis county) and thence to the frontier,
I L. t a company sufficiently largo to insure safety
i among the Indians could not Im found. Returning
and having rested ourselves tor three tl lys, and
having, mean-while, procured better horses, we
"'i " "'cu " ii.io.um. n . -uj
has a population of about 00. '; remained here
two days, ard bidding Mr. Hollingsworth farewell,
started in a North East direction through the coun
frV) crosjSn the Brasses, Trinity, X aches, and
A .m0 rivers to Naco,,doches : and thence, cross-
,ho g. o NatchitlK.hes , the tilte of
Louisiana, which place we reached on the Jlst ol
.May, having been IJ1 davs in the Province of Tex
as, and having travelled, North and Mast, a distance
of about 700 miles.
From lied river to the Xaches, a distance of
about 140 miles, the country is rolling, the soil
sandy, and timb?red w ith pine, and well watered.
(), the water courses f hr soil is of a better quality,
the watercourses ihv s ul is of a fitter quality,
and ., ro, as j,rut brick, yet very prtMluctive m a
good season ; but will not stand a drouth. From
the iSach'-s to the (audaloiiite the low lands on the
Mr" r-am.H ure ... . ric. oiuck s.u, umu suoj-e,
to inundation: but the country I etveen the two
. . ... . . 3 A , ,
rivers is principally prairie, or post o;ik barrens:
, -. .! . 1 . -. ' . , ,. '
tlie soil ot the prairie frenucntlv of a gcKMi ipiahtv,
i 1 -
ttlOUtl generally t OO Said, U 11(1 tlKlt of the MSt
j oak barrens genenlly unfit for cultivation of .ihv
! ki'id wiiatever. Timln'r is .-carce from the Natch-
e-i w-stward, as fir as the Uio dd Foite, one twen
tieth part, perhaps, ;dv of the land liiig covered
with ti udior, and that of a very inferior quality,
three fourths of it not yielding more than one rail
cut to the free, and that very knotty. The trees
are principally oak, such as we have in Ohio, with
the iddition of live 0,1k, which grows along the
waf 'T courses, covered w ith Spanish moss hanging
almost to the ground. The f'ice of the country is
level from th C ilf to fii distance of 50 or 00
inib's north, w here it becomes rolling or undulated,
and continues so to the mountains: springs are ve
ry scarce in the table lauds, but the rolling lands
are letter funii-hed with springs and streams f r
machinery. The wat r generally is of a muddy
appearance, yet even when it is stagnant and warm,
it tasts pleasant and sweet; and what is worthy of
notice, it never has the green slime ujo:i its sur
face which covers stagnant water in warm weath'T
with us. The products of the soil are cotton, corn,
rye, ats, ami sweet potatoes. Cotton is the prin
cipal article of export, and is produced very exten
sively, and of a ;HK quality, supctior perhaps to
any that is grown in the United States. The soil,
though rich, produces but about 130 bushels of corn
to the acre, and that is very much injured by the
weevil. Sweet potatoes of a very superior qualit y
are produced in great quantities; ste-ck. hors -s,
mules, cattle, sheep, and hogs are raised in any
quantities; ami w ithout grain or salt ; the cattle be
ing very large, fit, mid beautiful, deriving their
f Md only from the grass which grows luxuriantly
on the prairies.
The climate is very warm, the mercury having
ranged from N'J to (j'Z legrees Fahrenheit's ther
mometer, from the J5rd to the 0th May in the
shade. The climate is such as will not agree with
the Northern man, f r he loses something like one
half of his bo lily strength and vigor, contracts a
lazy indolent habit, Inith of body and mind, and loses
much of that cheerfulness and vivacity which are
so essential to good health, good feeling, and good
The rivers Sabine, Naches, Brasses, Colorado
and (Jaudalu!e, with soui" improvements, may lie
navigated with keel or steam boats during a part j
of th" vcar. on', and some of them, erhaps, two f
hit idred mile up from their mouths.
The governments of the ei.untry is in a very tin-
setll- ! condition, there leiiig C"Mti iul broils a id '
disturbances, and not merely of w .r Is, as in the j
United States, but of blows ; and the victors lear
ruJf. When I left Texas there had Ik'cm a requi
sition of men by the governor to sustain himself ,
and the Congress in some act reacting the ditri- j
bution of lands; but the pe ,pe would not go, say-
ing the act was unconstitutional, and as they were
not compelled to go they refused to take any part
in the matter.
Slavery is absolutely prohibited, yr-t slaves are
lougbt and s,,I. there with th" same freedom, and
as openly as in any part of the United States. The j
grown slaves are held by indenture during life, and!
the you-sger ones are charged tor tneir maintenance
and clothing during the whole time ol their mino
ritv by their masters; and while they are working
out this debt, another still greater is contracted,
which likewise must lo worked out, and so on :
they being, in fact, slaves all their lives, though no
minally free at 21. The same is true of the Spa
niards, and thv are held by their lirethern in as
abject slavery as is any negro in the United States.
As to religion the constitution establishes the
Catholic as the religion of the country, though by
a recent law other religious denominations are pro
tected and sulF'red to workship God in their own
way. Flections are, by law, held on the Sabbath,
arid new laws on that day are published to the peo
ple assembled fir the purosc, and their public
sa'es and festivities are on that day. There is no
person authorized to solemnize marriages but a
priest or the established religion. In 'he eastern
part of Texas there is no resident priest, but the
circuit of the Province is made once or twice a
year bv one from an adjoining province, who mar
ries folks in squads according to the laws of the
land. Dut the laws provide that the parties may,
in the alsonee of the priest, agree to marry, and,
entering into IkhvIs to that effect, which are filed
with the proper officer for saP keeping, they live
together as man and wile, and mon the arriv d of
the priest the marriage is duly snlenmizrd. Should
the parties, however, become tirod of the matri-
tnonial state, they may go forward, and lifting their
bonds, the connection and the contract are both dis
solved at once.
As to lands each man having a family, obtains
a league of land, which is 4,141 acres, provinced.
The Empressarrio and a Commissioner (both ofticers
ot government) certify as to bis character and in
tensions of becoming a citizen. This certificate is
carru'tf to the siirvevur. wlio n.i in n ooliiie iiirier !
and it is then his duty to lay oi to the applicant
the land to which his certificate entitles him, for
which land the applicant, at the end of six years,
must pay to government from 30 to 40 dollars, ne
ver exceeding 50. A single man, on the like cer
tificate, obtains one-fourth of a league, which is 1,11 1
acres ; and provided he marries, he gets the re
maining three-fourths. Marrying a native Mexi
can entitles one to a greater quaunty than a league
of land, but how much more I do not now remem
ber. Kvery one obtaining land from the govern
ment is obliged to take an oath to support the con
stitution of the country, must reside within its
limits six years, and must make some small im
provement upon the land, builing a but, and plant
ing si crop: however, that land may be had of a
settler, without being obliged to take the oath: but
the oath must be taken to entitle one to the privi
leges of citizenship.
The length of this communication must le my
excuse fr not entering more into particulars than
I have done at present. Geo. TOWNSLCV.
From the Sashville Rr publican.
PPvROCEEDLNCJS OF TiIK ANTI-MARRY1NG
Dechration of Independence of the Young Men and
Bachelors nf Nashville, assembled at Celibacy Hall,
read and unanimously adopted by the Society :
W hen, in che course of human events, it lccouies J
necessarrv f .r the Bachelor ,,f the rmniiMimtv- to I
dissolve thes.K-ial kinds that have hitherto connect-! 1,10 Coi,rt ut lia' mother country was a scene worth a
t d them with the Fair Sex and to assume, in j voyage across the Atlantic to witness :
fashionable circles, the AJigeand nnmarruil station ! In Iu:.e, 17S-", John Adams, the first Minister
to w liich, by the laws of reason, they are entitled Pieuijx.tcntiary from the United States to the
a decent resject lr the opinion of the married , Court of London, had his introductory audience
jKirt of society co:njels them to declare the auses j with King George the Third. An event so extra
which urge them to secede from the empire of love, i ordinary, with circumstances so novel to us in Ame
and to rally around the standard of their inherent ! rica, led Mr. Adams to narrate the particulars, in
freedoin and natural independence.
We hold these truths to be self-evident, that all
men are created unmarried ; that they an? endowed
by nature with the unalienable right of re u lining
in a state of single blessedness until they are dis
posed to encumber themselves with the appendage
of a wife. Then, to secure this right, all Dichelors
should Ik; so firmly united in their common cause
as steadftstly to ro-ist the multiphd and insidious
attacks of the fair the ancient enemy of man's
Custom and the manners of the age would, in
deed, dictate the propriety of that domestic relation
which in all previous ti.nes has received the sanc
tion of the world and the approbition of society.
Hut when a long series of Halls and Parties, of
winning smiles, ami killing glances, pursuing inva
riably the same object, evinces a design to marry
us against our will, it is our right, it is our duty to
break the silken chains which 44 fancy weaves for
love," and which the imagination teaches us so fond
ly and so familiarly to embrace; and to provide for
our future safety and security in the 44 hall of
celibacy " the abodi of freedom and the home of
The history of the present race of ladies, in this
place, is one of related encroachments up n
the rights of Hachelors ; tending directly to involve
them in absolute despotism to prove this, let facts
be submitted to a candid world.
They have refused their assent to offers of mar
riage the most wholesome and necessary for the
interests of particular individuals thereby mani
festing a disposition to exercise the re'o power;
wit! w hich the unjust custom of society has clothed
liiein to the direct injury of fallen man.
Triey have refused their sanction to the marriage
of others of the community, unless they could re
linquish their right of choosing wives fir them
selves; a right inestimable to all v ung men, and
formidable to matchmakers and old maids miiv.
They have called together large meetings of the
sex at places where our attention would Ik directed
to the beauty f their ersons and the glitter of
their dress, for the sole purpose of exciting our im
agination, and kindlling into a flame the dying
sparks of our love.
They have ridiculed and sneered at individuals
repeatedly for opposing, with manly firmness, these
encroachments upon the rights of unmarried men.
They have endeavored to increase the population
of this State; tor this pur pise, procuring the Le
gislature to reduce the moderate tax upon marriage
They have kept among us a multitude of dandies
to perform th se services which men would be so
proud to render.
They have a fleeted to render the female indepen
dent and superior to the male portion of the com
munity. They have combined together to subject us to
petticoat jurisdiction a jurisdiction foreign to our
constitution, and repugnant to the laws of nature.
For taking into favor large bodies of dandies.
For protecting them by their smiles and influence
from the just ridicule to which their breaches of
decorum and good manners subjected them.
For forcing some of our acquaintances to marry
against their will.
Fr carrying us to all the balls and parlies, to be.
danced to death in order to retain their fivor.
For interfering in many cases with the rights of
husbands exciting their mothers and sisters to re
sist their lawful lords and masters ; and causing to
be inflicted, on many of our married friends, the
horrid curtain lecture, a species of punishment
more formiable to husbands than the dungeons of
For siiseiiding the free will of bachelors, and de
claring themselves invested with full pwers to ne
gotiate marriages in all cases whatsoever.
They have abdicated their authority over us to
which we were so willing to submit, by declaring
us tit subjects for the attacks ot all old maids and
marriage seeking spinsters in the community.
They have constrained our fellow-men, taken cap
tive by them, to war against their brethren.
l or this purpose inciting them to dwell on the
; happiness of married life, which happiness it is well
known is founded only on the assertion of hen-peck
Against these attacks we have often petitioned
f )r redress. Nor have we been wanting in our at
tention to the ladies. We have warned them, from
time to time, that we would not wed against our
wills and contrary to our better judgements. We
have reminded them of our uniform gallantry and
love. We have appealed to their nobleness of soul
and conjured them, by the marriage ceremony, to
let us choose for ourselves, but they have been
deaf to the voice of reason and love. We must,
therefore, acquiesce in the necessity which urges
us to this declaration : and hold them, as we do the
rest of womankind, enemies to our peace and quiet,
ami the industrious promoters of marriages and
curtain lectures. We, therefore, the Young Men
and Bachelors of Nashville, do ordain and publish
this our Declaration nf Independence, in support of
which we mutually pledge our lives, and our rights
Signed, for and in lehalf of the Anti-Marrying
Society, at Ce!ilacy Hall assembled, the 30th Janu
DICK MAURY-ALL, President.
Tom Court-all, Secretarj-.
FIRST MINISTER FROM THE UNITED STATES
TO GREAT BRITAIN.
The following narrative will be interesting to those
of our readers who have not met with it. The intro-
duct ion of the first minister from the rebd Colonies to
a letter to an intimate friend, and was kept private
till after his death. It was thus:
4 At one oc!ek on Wednesday, 1st of June, the
master nf ceremonies cailed at my house, and went
with me to the Secretary of Slate's Oshce. in Cleve
land row, where the Marquis of Carmarthen re
ceived, and introduced me to Mr. Frazier, his un
der Secretary, w ho had leen, as his Lordship said,
uninterrupted in that office, through all the chan
ges in administration for thirty years, having first
been appointed by 4ie Earl of Holderness.
44 After a short conversation upon the subject of
importing my effects from Holland, which Mr. Fra
zier himself introduced, Lord Carmarthen invited
me to go with hi in in bis coach to Court. When
we arrived in the ante-chamber, the master of the
ceremonies introduced, him, and attended me while
the Secretary of State went to take the commands
of the King. While I stood in this place, where
it seems all ministers stand uoon such occasions,
alway s attended by the master of ceremonies, the
rMm was very full of ministers of State, Bishops,
and all otiier sorts of courtiers, as well as the next
room, which is the King's bed-chamber. You may
well suppose I was the f cus of all eyes. I was re
lieved, however, from the embarrassment of it, by
the Swedish and Dutch ministers, who came to me
and entertained me with a very agreeable conver
sation during the whole time. Some other gentle
men, whom I had seen before, came to make their
compliments, too, until the Marquis of Carmarthen
returned, and desired me to go with him to his
M;ijetv. 1 went with his lordship through the le
vee room into the King's closet. The door was
shut, and I was left wit!i his Majesty and the Se
cretary of State alone. I made the three reve
rences: one at the door, another about half way ,
and another before the presence according to the
usage established ut tiiis, and all the northern courts
of Kurope, and then I addressed my self to bis Ma
jesty in the following words:
44 Sire: The United States have appiinted me
Minister Plenipotentiary to y our Majesty, and have
directed me to deliver to your Majesty this letter,
which contains the evidence of it. It is in obedi
ence to their express commands, that I have the
honor to assure your Majesty of their unanimous
disposition and desire to cultivate the most friendly
and liberal intercourse lietween your majesty's sub
jects and their citizeos, and of their best wishes for
your majesty's health and happiness, and for tiiat
of your family.
4iThe appointment of a Minister from the Uni
ted States to your Majesty 's Court, will form an
epoch in the history of England and America. 1
think myself more fortunate than all my fellow citi
zens, in having the distinguished honor to be the first
to stand in your majesty's royal presence in a diplo
matic character; and I shall esteem myself the
happiest of men, if I can be instrumental in recom
mending my country more and more to your Ma
jesty's royal benevolence, and of restoring an en
tire esteem, confidence, and affection; or, in better
words, the old good nature and the good old hu
mor, between people who, though sepirated by an
ocean, and under different governments, have the
same language, a similar religion, a kindred blood
I beg your majesty's jiermission to add, that al
though I have sometimes before been instructed by
my country, it was never in my whole life in a
manner so agreeable to myself."
" The King listened to every wort I said, with
dignity, it is true, but with apparent' emotion.
Whether it was my visible agitation, for I felt
more than I could express, that touched him, I can
not say; but he was much affected, and answered
me with more tremor than I had spoken with, and
44 Sir; Tho circumstances of this audience are
so extraordinary, the language you have now held
is so extremely proper, and the feelings you have
j discovered so justly adapted to the occasion, that I
IlllKt fliot I ..1.. , l i
i,.ui m. uui uiiiy icucut; iui pleasure ino
assurance of the friendly disposition of the United
States, but that I am glad the choice has fallen up
on you to be their minister. I wish you, sir, to
believe, and that it may be understood in America,
that I have done nothing in the late contest but
what I thought myself indispensably beund to do,
by the duty which I owed to my people. I will Joe
frank with you. I was the last to conform to the
separation; but the separation having become in
evitable, I have always said, as I now sav, that I
would be the first tomeet the friendship of "the Uni
ted States as an independent power. The moment
I see such sentiments and language as yours pre
vail, and a disposition to give this Country the pre
ference, that moment I shall say Let the circum
stances of language, religion, and blood have their
natural and lull effect."
44 1 dare not say that these were the king's pre
cise words; ami it is even possible that I mav have,
in some particulars, mistaken his meaning," for al
though his pronunciation is as distinct as I ever
heard, he hesitated sometimes between the mem
bers of the same p-riod. He was, indeed, much af
fected, and I was not less so, and therefore I can
not be certain that I was so attentive, heard so
clearly, and understood so perfectly as to be confi
dent of all his words, or sense; and think that ail
which he said to me should, at nresent. he kett
cret in America, except his Majesty or his Secre
tary oi date snouid judge proper to report it
Tins I do say, that the foregoing is his Majesty's,
meaning, as I then understood it, and his ova
words, as nearly as I can recollect them.
44 The King then asked me whether I came last
from France, and upon my answering in the affirm.
alive, he put on an air of familiarity, and smiling, or
rainer laugning, said. 4 there is an opinion among
some people that you are not the most attached of
all your countrymen to the manners of France.'
I was surprised at all this, because I thou ght it an
indiscretion, and a descent from his dignity'. I was
a little embarrassed, but determined not to deny
truth on the one hand, nor lead him to infer from
it any attachment to England on the other. I threw
off as much grav ity as I could, and assun:ed an air
of gaiety, and a tone of decision, as far as was de
cent, and said, 4 That opinion. Sir, is not mistaken ;
I must avow to your .Majesty,! have no attach
ment but to my own country.7 The King replied,
as quick as lightning, 4An"hoaest man will never
have any other."
44 The King then said a word or two to the Secre
tary of State, which being between them, I did not
hear, and then turned round and bowed to me, as
is customary with all kings and princes when tiiey
give the signal to retire. I retreated, stepping
backwards, as is the etiquette ; and making my his"
reverence at the door of the chamber, I went away.
The master of the ceremonies joined me at the mo
ment of my coming out of the king's closet and ac
companied me through all the apartments down to
A HINT TO MOTHERS.
There are many things which are better left to
chance : precaution is sometimes more mischievous
than negligence. The late Sir W C
was one day expected at a large dinner party , at
"7" 's 1,1 Kusse'd square. The worthy
Haronet's nose, it will be remembered, was, to say
the least of it, remarkable. Before the company
were assembled, Mr. M suggested to his la
dy, that, upon this particular occasion, it would be
safer that little Alfred should not (as at other times)
be introduced along with the desert after dinner ;
for that he, the said Alfred, a fine cnild of seven
years old, having a propensity to make observations
upjii all personal defects or deformities, from a
pimple to a hump, from a crooked finger to a cork
leg, might possibly say something not altogether
agreeable to Sir W ' . 44 Leave that to me,"
said the lady ; 44 I'll contrive it nicely." According
ly, she proceeded to the nursery and thus addressed
the little gentleman: 44 Alfred, my dear, we have
a gentleman coming to dinner to-day who has a
monstrous ugly nose. Now, if you will promise
to be a very good boy , and not m ile any observa
tions upon i, you may come down after tlinner,
and you shall have an orange. But, remember the
nose !" Master Alfred aeceeded to the terms of the
treaty, and, in due time, was ushered into the di-ning-room.
After the lapse of a quarter of an hour
the young gentleman, finding the reward of his
forbearance still in arrear, took advantage of a dead
pause in the conversation, and cried out, from the
further end of the table, 44 Mamma, is it time noia
for me to have the orange you promised me, if I
didn't say any thing about "that gentleman's mon
strous ugly nose V
Progress of Improvement Wisdom and knowL
edge increase wonderfully among the present gene
ration of men in comparison with the ptst. For.
merly, the hill of political fame was of steep ascent,
and a journey to the summit cost labor. Energy,
and talent, and preservance, and diligence, and ho
nesty were the only assistants which a man could,
depend upm to help him along. Now, a little su
perficial know ledge, a good supply of cunning, a
belief "that all is fair in politics," a firm faith in
the saving power of 44 regular nominations," and
withal, a well-curried hobby, is all that is necessa
ry; and a man frequently finds himself at the top
of of the ladder, wondering how the d I he got
Prevalent causes of Crime. 1. Deficient education
early loss of parents, and consequent neglect. !?.
Few convicts have ever learned a regular trade; and, if
they were bound to any apprenticeship, they have aban
doned it before the time had lawfully expired. 3.
School education is, with most convicts, very deficient,
or entirely wanting. 4. Intemperance, very often the
consequence of loose education, is a most appalling
sourc of crime. 5. By preventing intemperance, and
by promoting education, we are authorized to believ
that v. e prevent crime in a considerable degree.