North Carolina Newspapers

Numlcr 2,'of Volume 1(5:
;umY)cr fromk'gintmv,; HOC).
Y. I
1 'l
The Wffclrrn Carolinian.
tx AflffccL smith ti josem w. iiampton
Trus or rvBLir atio.
1. TVt Western Carolinian m puuliidvd every 8v
ii4T. s( Two IMIar in ! annum if mm! in advance,
or Two illr and Fifty CiiU if uut paid before the
cipintwa of three months.
J Vu miMf will b discontinue! until ill arrearsire
arg panl, uiil si the djucrrtioo of tint Editor.
. . . I s i . '
& KutMcrtpii'MM win mi do rrctjura a wme
taait on jeari a a future tu notify the Kditor of a
wn to diroUiiua, at thvf ml of a yr, will be cooi-
derwl u a new riiggaiint.
4. Anf person wiwi will procure six itiiMrribcr to thii
Carolinian, and take the txinible to eolb-et awl traimuiit
tbrw iiiH-triituii-iiRMmjf to tim Editor, shall hats a pa-
ar grati during continuance.
cT l'cr$om mdi'MrJlo the llihion.may tmntmit
to them through the MtU, at ttteir mkfwtM thi
get A acknoedment of any rmpretalle jwraoa lo
front Una icura reaimacr itxti rtf many maue.
Ttan or uyimiin.iu.
1. Advertiisvnvwit will bs connicuouly and correct
ly liwrUxl, at 5iJ cent per ure lit the nrt inwrtKm,
ami 'Ai centa fiir fcb contmuanci; : but, wlirru an ad-
mtueinnnt M of liroa to B- in only iwirfl, ikf em win
b fharjfed (or each iiwrtiim. If ordrrfd fur one in
fertxio only, l will in all cv bo chargnil.
2. PerM who fx.ire to enjre by lb yir, will be
Ccn'ivtUuJ by a rt-awniaUe deduction froui llic above
lirg ir ttauuMtbt uixtom. , ,
to cocro?nefT.- 1
1. Tn inimrfl priKnpt atli'ntion to li"tt7n -adilrrnw-d
fa Ui'1 fihtom, the oowtat'e iJmmiIiI in nil e lie lwl.
k ii vrr arMiN riin.
From Ik Ijontltm A' 10 Moulhly Muqiline.
Hud you ever 1 Cousin, Tom ?
)l your oaiwin hpien to to nine '
Swter we've all by the dozen, Tom,
But a eotiKin'ii a difl'crent thing :
And you'd limnd, if you had kised her, Tom,
(But ll thin be a secret between ux.)
Tbst your lip wou!l hnve been in a bluster, Tom,
for they're not of the awter genu.
There in something, Tom, in a awter' lip,
When ye give her a good nijrht kia&, .
That nvor m much of rclikti-hip
That nothing occur miiw:
But a mucin's lip if you once unite
Instead of ploeping a wink that niffht.
You'll be dreaming the following day.
And people think it no harm, Tom,
With a cousin to hear you in Ik ;
And no one feel any alarm, Tom,
At flniet cousililv walk : .r
Cut, Tom, you'll noon find what I feafnto know
That pjtli walk often rvfiio utrayinp;
And the voice of couass' ire wine tin" o low
-. Hoaven onrelloua whs! you'll be naying!
I rfff" Soti prtwure 01 nanoa ana nngnrs
f nu lonKB limt were iiiwiwmi v "'in ii, . uin,
And tonwot) which memory hngern;
nd long ere your walk i half over, the string
Of your heart are all put into play,
By 'the voice ol those fair demi-sisterly things, '
Jn not qnite the most brotherly way.
Huch tone as the anjrel woo,
'But 1 loaf if tout coni!n nhonld Jtnjr to yon, Tom,
Jou d take her tor an angel, too;
For so curious a note u that note of their,
That you'H fnney the voice that pine it
Ihd been all tho while singing the National Air,
" " Instead 61 the P(ltn of fiBrhfc "
Toneo had a cousin that sung, Tom,
And kur.Bftiaft ma be iuunules now.
But the sound of thoee songs is still yoiing1, Tom,
Though we are no longer so : '
Tw folly to dream of a "bower of preen,
. ..... When lef is not a lesf m tJ ui -'
But.'twixt walking Si 8inging, that cousin ban been,
God forgive herl4he rum of met
And now I care nauglrt for society, Tom,
And lead a most anchorite life;
For I've loved mysolf-into sobriety, Tom,
And otifof the wish for a wife;
But oh ! if I mid but half what I might say,
So fad were the lossona 'twould give,
That 'twould keep you from loving for many a day,
Ah! from counins kmff as you live!
From the. Seneca Farmer.
The American Ship, Old Cradle of Liberty,
4?ed veasej, commoiily freighted with lots of honest
.ld.fashioned 'constitutional notions sails risht
ahead, fearing neither wind or tide. She is tre
mendous in outriding storms and hurricanes, tor it
is then she best displays the strength ot tier urn
men aw often astounded at the thundering of her
tiroadsidi?S7ond cnemiPriurn pate at th flashes
her Lone Tom on the upper deck, when once fair-
jy engaged InlTlose Yomfo
enced old tars, except in her own waters w here she
is best known, thmk it prudent to charter her for a
voyage to port President, till they shall become
more familiar with the giddy heights of her masts,
and the extent of her hull and rigging.
The Ameriean Ship Tennessee, Judge Hugh
Luck White." Commanrffr.--The intrinsic quali-
tics of this yesuei have not as yet been fathomed
in our Northern seasC She is said, however, to be
of the Old .Hickory class, and withal an excellent
sailer, end a great favorite jirawgWmeri in her
xwn waters. ' Though she has been long fitting for
tho Presidential voyaget she still carrk's the em
blem of peace on her nmin top, a, broad white pen
dant, with the -motto in Inrcre gold leaf letters,
lliia iliip will centiniM) lo Iriin her m for port Trf
idrnt, iU(h iJ jti great mcuMire on tlw tide.
IT l'iilri.itlctip, Amrritvn Xyttrm, Hank
(lay ('0mmltr.'Vhu wHI built,
Aiim fwmi lni(toiiieM4d(4iiiipiittedenliruly ofdoiiwn-
Kc nmUTmU, fnm tlu-ktsdlotlid top f.Hjnd of tlie
law klnH h.ive WJt mora nubulaiitiiil
anrvire in i in-ir country m pearo and in war,
forma awl in calnm, nhe hu ever iteered a atralglit
lorwaru rotirw, lumiitf lite eonoiuutKiM ami the
Country a lu irf fr her polar atur. tor Una
nnwHi, iihi i iraie nuve Oono more to
utile and
aink her limn they hnve to dettroy any other ve.
m I on the orenn. KeulMed, linm and time again
Id their iiiain urKiw, they uionii'wrcd no do iter
noly by tln-ir pre-cHtcertH hlue-liithl aignnl, that
the hol ll"l kiiiinliHiHHKtwIy fired their broadMde
of Mwdered chan;iNil and slubber at the ronnnan
fhr, that true heartrid Ameriean tan might n1 re.
cognino him the saimi oft tried frieml, wt o atock
to tliem and their country' hip lhrugli the nemt
periltMia atorina. H41111C old mariner are fearful
her rigging ha been aomewlmt nlmltered by the
crape, uod caiiinter of the eiH'inv, though her tun
ben are thought to be ou,i l .1 ever. I here 1 a
report aloti'! the cunnt, tlmi t 1 Coinmnmler, di li
ning to tuke a I'rcKideutiul trip, Iih iIibiih''I hi
crew, after ailmoniHhin them im ver to ceate their
hostility agint the i rt-.
The American Ship, Ks-l't Jmuittrr drnrrnl,
Jnck M'Len Vommamler-'Vn Ana in thoujihl
to bo a Maunrh, well built, well niiL'ed, American
. ' t I ' 1 i I
, 1, n mm Min i wnoni, un a inir toum ( in uiiiiiuiicin which o'ian- 10 proiutu iiiobu on- pijl,!. re(Uirea that you tak") care of It.
Some Weteru seamen condilionnllv chartered her er-i e aro wortliy ul tlie most attentive exauu-, 2. W hen you are alxmt to h ave your fire at sta
fur voyage U IWlontwl Urls-r, Ih.i lwy f witd j imtmn, Mr. C. h, we ihn.k, pretty clearly pro-' .,) J1IM.S) (,llkl, XMlT cu,.ua,jIHII, b,.fore haiMj, ,
it somewhat dillicult to enlist a Kulikieiit crew to ' v,;d that " in in I nittni Male ihc reward of the Mw.n. iir',. ihun rm, H,.n.. of mil.
navigato her with safety, while tlie rommand
er had on hoard n cargo of the " siil." w hich it
wa feared would luinhrr up the ship and retard
her progress. A lie has not ihought proper to
throw hi cargo overboard nor return it to the ship
per, it is upxmed these W extern tar will think it
inoNt csiihicive lo the public iutert'st lo emlmrk
on board n neighboring ship, Irii, or rather not at
all enrumlsTed.
The Ultra American Ship, Slipftrry Elm, the
Kinderhtsik Magicinn Commander. This i a I'i
nitienl laiilt ve.nel, of a foreign model, excej)! the
painting, which is put on in the American sty In as a
decoy. Yet, like mot Pirates, she has tntet of the
most nbrnis-iivecrews that sail on the ocean. Huch
ia her dicipline, thai the rope's end is applied for
tha least oflenre; and for disobedience of orders,
the culprit is instantly thrown overlswrd "o feast
tho sharks r tuekod up to the yard arm a a target
I'm the. nhara jdiooters On the iciuLii'lifk WiiaweVvtsuitriiui. n ramd Uut tho demand lor1
' , .1' l 1 -
' rommirrui ; on jf 'niaiiimasi wave a nu
flag, on wbri'Fis puinted in larjfe cnpilal
redarViie heart', bl.sid, "TO THE VI
(Jl ISlll-'ll I" Tho. III. in hnrA
committal on JrtYiainniast waves a liuue black
I tetter,
QUISHED!" This Blue B'ard nMtt emigre
cute thousands of the most reckless in the service
! of the 8lipiry Elm. It ppears to be perfectly
comprehended by the desperate buccauiers in all
ses-h Whenever ony of the crew or subordinate
conscience, the boatswain point to this black flag.
If it does not remove the disease, he points to the
y ard arm. 1 Ins invariably clleets a cure, before
the most nimble seamen can sphce'a slipper-nose.
As her hull is known to he leaky and her tim
lsrs unsound, tho Sljppery Elm never attempts to
boal against tii-or mj ajrauwt h htk et
cept in tow of Old Hickory- If a breeze strikes
her nbnft, she hoists Iter "Tiwi eomrnittaV1 flag,-
puts up helm, nnd slides off into a more favorable
current. In cnlms, her ofticers assemble in the
state-room, to calcuhue their profits and divide tho
sps3hiJto,TOP3r.,rf Jhe S"!" fej?J5!II!li
shi)s, bousing and cunting their beads, r discuss
ing their promotion ami happy prtsp csr when
their ship sliull tw safely nusired in rresidchlial
Tlie Slippery Fm never conies into chse quar
rs ih rud ves-nl, W ty 4jee loHig
plumler; Hence she waschartereil by the congre
gated Plratesat Baltimore, tu run into port Presi
dent, and Beize the money chest, and the public
stores. Some old American tars have got a no
tion that she is tho Flying Dutchman, so much
dreaded by the mariners in certain foreign sea
and that she can dodge a flash with the facility of
a witch on the main top. Seldon can she be twice
seen steering towards the some point of the com
pass or twice in the samo latitude. She is rion
committal in every thing except the tpoilt. Site
is hereshe is there she is gone. She never
drops anchor but w ith the spring cables ; and if a
little breeze happens to spring tip on her starboad
tack, raised peradventure by her own magic, she
is there. In these ever varving courses, she is of-
i her boilers nresafeH
ly anchored on terra firma
The Slippery Elm has her midshipmen in eve
ry port, enlisting new recruits by offering extrava
gant shares of the spoils. It is whispered in some
of the harbors, that the commander prefers foreign
to domestic Wo seiMnetas U'lter dibciplioed.ui
practical-adventures. Some old weather-beaten
tars, thmk lielias made a leagn with th Holy Al
iiance,.the Lord High Admirable of the Holy See,
and CmtmwrWe Prince AleUejiuch, to supply Jtuu
with the necessarjcomplimenl of seamen to navi
gate his vesseTinio Presidential harbor. Others,
less acquainted with the SlippervElm's naval' tac
tics, suppose he only, stipulated for a supply of Ho
ly Water, to lay t(ie evil spirits of his foreign crew,
should they show wmptom of mutiny, or attempt
to blow up the ship Wore 'she reached her destined
Many of the more superstitious seafaring men,
who have lately deserted, will insist uponit that
the . Sljppery Elm is a' haunted vessel. Some, nights
if they happened to feel the spirit of despondency
creepinr upon them, while swinging their ham
mocks and preparing for reflection and rest, the
ship would be" literally and suddenly filled with
gold. The hold, the lower decks, the iorccjbUe,
j trw ward rooma, ilia iiwgiauneVtf itale-rootn. bikI
amid aliiun, w.niIJ ttlttr with milm fciva. Tli
IwutetMuHa and midaliipme! w'uuld ahout i
J cctary of j., ami tb treir wmild fondly
in I
with ailotiiihiiMtiii,iil weary of bikina.tbey would
turn in aiui dream of tKrflnng aave ld and pro-
( imitioii. In tlm mornirij, wlio tlw Umtuwain had
In iH) all hand to quurti'f, all lnwl tamlied I Not
a yellow boy would bo to be ami ! At other Urn,
j llieir aU-ep wimiM be dilurlcd bv wtmu immmw
and atrane aighta, aa thnjh lh ahip wa aniling
in muhiir, among hail Mtorm and thumk r ( I nxN,
or tumbling down tho Hinokiiig eraler of a vokaoo.
From the S. Y. Cvurirr and Finuirrr.
H'm an rtumnvtum of thr ilifttttati in the onJt-
ium 11 oW .Woif t')fknhi ihniMKktml itt
mm Id. by II. C. tj, of J'Miitltljihui.
The author of tin iiiierentiiijf litiy hu embo
died 111 a more popular lor in andkivle tliuo aiu
utuuli) udopted by writer on I'oliticui lkwiomy,
the rt'nult of a iuboriou Hi(mry into one ol Hie
.. . . .. . ... I A......t. ... .1 .... I 1 I
iiiom iHipunaiii sihi uiuicuii auuj.ii w uie wuoio,
rane of ihui ncmiiicii.
It impose lor u to do more than glance at
the general oliject ol the nler and tlie most mi-'
portant ol tin; piosmitiona he ha labored to wriu-
llllnll. Ill- Vie of the " Compar-dlVe n ward oi l
Iul--r in uilk-reut caiotno, . repuie wilil liiHtler
lor rvll-c.ii.i. and hi remark uom toe ililk.n;iit
' '
uuorer n mmi jjn aier, i nix iiiih.', wiicii mere
are I.) milliuii ol 'opl', than it was 40 yearn ao,
when inert; were only lour imiIii;i." 1' while
the money vucof uiimt laborcis have UM'n-a-cd
those ol neatly all tin ir arln le i4 toiwuii.plioii in
rlothtng Jiuve jjrenlly (liiiimiilu'd wlmc tnow ol
looii have noi materially iocrea'd. Tot it: im, how
ever, one other ctrcutrntam-e winch, to a wrtam
extent, iiiunt t iller 111 this queittioa, and that .Mr.
('. apK.'ar to huve nverliMiked. llie lutsuer ha
iMt'o oi'thrtttr u well a ol proviioa and clotuing ;
ami tiiere may have been an increas ia trnti which
will quite counterbalance the apparent gam of tlie
money prico of lalstr. Wo dit not mean to wtnert
that tlie rent paid by the jtMrnii tlaic have in-
crcusvii ouo, uui n i inoivvimi iinjin
I . ,!.. ........ 1.1 . .a ...l .1.U1I.I...I .......
mou lliat lucre baa U-eu a couUut au I stcauy 111-
croase in that article their epndituro The
growth of population in the Uniled .States, both in
I ' - . . - i . j. . a
a.u..I Iha! I hm L'.itou llonu .a m,u - .1 Ika
, .vr,j. . , v
wria oi our prosperity. ue incline w iuiiik
tnai mis excess is now coosineraoiy greaier man u
waa at the period which Mr. Cirey baa chosen for
comparison. II, therefore, the laborer should con
tinue to rweive the same, rale ol wages for twu
years to conic, and the money prices d' clothing
aud provisions should remain tlie stunc r evensuf -
fer a reduction, there may U Mich au increaMi iri l
prove the c
oudilioti of the laboring classes. We
imiNt look nt till tim m-ceiry eLK'mJi(un's ol
the laUirer, and all the circumstances which ullitt
- -
thein, before we can venture to pronounce that he
is benefitted by the-increase of wages, atlded even to
reduction of prices m his necessary provision and
hl Iklilgr .-;! .-' i..-Ar.r w.TiTE.-.-..-T-t-n
'ri ;.. -..i .l;ir. ;.. ,i. ..1' ...
1 livm IS tttao u uioi'iT'ui.v 111 011; vutur. 01 mvuru
turn. We do not bv anv means ertimato it at tho
rate which many li-oide are uccustolttd lo. who
judge merely from a few isolated facts. To some
ublanl linu'.vur It ftMlilitLui 1.1 ulillUtrul.. Jl.
t ,.v..., .. ........
Tlmt the lubfiring classes in the United States: ,wu'"' Jf, V , S . ;"'u". p "
are in the enit.vnvent of more comfort and w.riaDVt'
luxtrries at a less pricey that is, that the same quan
tity of lalsir will Mirchase a greater amount ami
.variety of articles of consumption, there Cannot we
think -be a doubts- . And ia iii r&iptsct, w see no
reason to doubt that the increase of population, if
industry and capital m the Lulled States keep pace
with them, as they ought to do, will be altogether
lavomble to improvement in their condition. The
idea that there is any such state of war between
increased population ami subsistence, is long ago
exphsled. Mr. Carey quotes a computation from
the Encyclopedia Brittanica in which the writer
makes the continent of Europe alone capable of
subsisting 3,000,000,000, or about four times the
population of the w hole globe ; and Mr. Carey him
self, proceeding on the same bases, makes tho whole
earth capable of providing fiiod for ai,Ut)0,000,001,
His observations on this subject are so entirely con
sonant with our own views, that we will take leave
to extract thorn: Mr. C. says
ndrv whore-th
vernmctit will permit it, there is a steady improve-
mem- of condition with the increa of powilatlon : j
we know that the difficulty is not to supply food, 1
but to find a market for it ; that in a very largei
nrt of F-nrnne. ihe rultivfttnin sre noor ami misc.
change their products freely for what they want ;
that, in consequence. iheretif, prices .have been so
nmch reduced in many places as to render them
totally, jinabte, la pay seut.l and with thk know
ledge we may be content to hi population take its
own course, and instead of fettering it by restric
tions, endeavor to improve the condition of the peo
pie by increasing their liberty of action and light
ening their burdens. Doing this, we may: safely
trust that population will limit itself, and that the
wisdom of the arrangements of the dicty in regard
to man, will be as evident as it is in every other
part of the creation.. We shall find that, as in eve
ry thing else " laissez novs faire ' is the true doc
trine ; that, when allowed to come into action, there
is-alrcady ellabiished system of checks and ba
lances, action and reaction, as for superior to that
which has haunted the imagination of some of the
writers on population, as is that which regulates
tho motions of tho planets to that of a windmill IT
Tli coinpiirim i eirrllcut and wt roeoinnirnl
it to all I lint ac bout of political cionii4 who tM
to imagine that nil of tho leitlalura an DH-em.
ry to kwp the heavenly U-Ih in orlcr. ,We are
happy to liod lht the antidntn tu aonieof the bane,
ful ultreUm af the doc In org of the veneralile futlier,
haa tlmi aprung up by their aide in the aarne fami
ly. Thi ia a it idiould be i and we ahall not x
"urpnacd tu hi&r tluU Mr. Carey, the elder, ere
lonjf, enrol lnm lf amoiis the wartnnat atlvocalea
of ihw onlinnU'd "liberty of action" in the com
inerre of the world-
We cannot tuke leave of tin work without re.
Coiiuih ihIiiiu it to tin- attentive pcrwunl of all who
wih t giiiu eorrert information opi the interest,
uhjocta id whirh it treat, it i emphatieully a
book tor every Ameriean cili-ii, wln wihe to
umlerniuiNl the trim inlen'iiU of aocioty and the
dungrr to which they are liable from tho meddling
of inorunto and m'IiUIiim;.
From the lUnlim Mi rranhlt Journal.
Tlie following eicellent rule viWe circuloted 111
t.y qUuii r ol a century since, iii the form of
a prtlllC(j bandbill and Hit into the public rooms
M a colw,ail, m.Hutor to guard against the danger
j.,n., , niay j m,tm g,! can do 00 harm
,0 r.-jlliti it at Ihi lime s
1. f1.mmi,l.r n !' . nUmnl luil
...,.,.1 .. .!.... - ,..n . ,,. ,1
a ui I iiumler : 11 ranooi use care ol itsell : and
J nM H IPPIH1I IIHI I' "l( H. WVI, HI j 1 rj 1 IIHI, will
i ly.
3. Never h ave one stick of wood ujsm another,
partly burnt.
4. Never h-ave a stick partly burt standing in
the corner.
5. Kxumiuc your bru.!) alk'rtwceping a hearth,
e'ciully at night.
H. Never sutler hot aslM'i to sialyl in a wooden
7. Never leave pas'n or linen near your fire.
t. Never read in lied by candle light.
9. After ull precautious, remember that an in.
hiibited building is liable to tit Kt ruction by fire.
Ill- prepured for an emergtMiccv : Keep your water
bucket filled. When a tire ha begun, suffer it not
..- t .
0 ncreAel Dy B
needles current of air from
p, 8n wmdows.
j jo, tsluuld.tho fire have mado Rich progreaa aa
i0 orevent vour escane bv a stair cju. and hould
,i.w w.naiiw ,vu gi- u, u nu ll v.. m miwwn
. . ' L l-I.L . .t .. .11.1
or vy tying your oca cimnee mgemer. 11 wouiai
j be welljo keep a ropo in your chambcrt for thil
vcry purpose.
It tety doei not appear protianie m this
way, wrap yourself up in a blanket, hold your
' breath, and rush through the flumea."" If water be
, nt baud, first wet the blanket. u.c-- .i
: It would bo well on tlie family' feliaflg; to bed,
bare all the middle doors "bRlh houso closed;
iiua.apiirtiiwiljroayto coo-
- fhicd thcVundiMitci
.ijnl not commumcato luiinediinw. with
olhcr oarU ulAiie building Tiihe South-pnat n.yl Ea-t f, ,.. k-. -:m
i f-. 9
Frouhlftr london Timet. "
What a picture of Ihit dnes the filhrwhiff par
. . .
ujii ini 3i in i - inn Bvvu oiim, " mil uitnrcrT
SunW l,r,cc. b,lt ,,b('rty "'r- hould
; Pa,' b? m'"m,s ,or jf L
four different wars between England and France,1. J! m dillicultof access and
, . J?....I..J A U...I..J ..'I.. I..
countries in all-AHy-one wars ! There have been
six wars within 100 years, viz:
1 st ..war, .endui 1 ODI ccal. .2 L5QQ.0Q07.-. JOD.
O00.elai.n, 80,000 died tfJBumu.t---2nd
war began 1702, cost 43,000,000. Slain
! not ascertained.
3rd war began 1739, cost 49,000,000.
not ascertained.
4th war, began 1750, cost 111,000,000.
Sin in
250,000. ,
5th, American war, began 1775, cost 139,000,
000. Slain 200,000.
Cth, last war, began 1793, cost 750,000,000
Slain 2,000,000 amongst all the belligerents.
At the conclusion of the war, which ended in
1697, the national debt was 21,50(1,000. At the
conclusion of the last war, in 1815, the national
debt amounted to no less than 1,050,000,000.
l ''. hat they are supposed tof have been compiled
' a My. If so, some pnttorn of good husbands
mt himself to the tssk of presenting four
niaxinw on the other suie, t match .f -
L A good wife always receives her husband
wit!,i, smiles leaving ooth(iguncnft,.to, render,
homo ngreeablo and gratefully reciprocates his
Ittndneea and ttention
II. She st lies means to gratify his inclinations,
in regard tafoodaiid. cookery in themanageincnt
of her family in her address, manners,- and de
portment. , r .
; III. She never attempts to rule or appear to role
her husband. Such conduct degrades husbands
and wives always partake largely in the degrada
tion of their husbands. ..
IV. She in every thing reasonable complies with
his wishes ; and if possible anticipates them.
Meditation. ' Well, Mr. Jackson," said a cler
gyman to his parishoner, " Sunday must be a bles
sed day to you. You work hard six days, and the
scvetithuyou come to church. " Y'es air," said
Jackson, " I works hard all the week, and then 1
comes to church, sets me down, gocks up my leg,
and thinktsf-tiothuu" . -
From th Hull igh R, fititr,
Tlw younger Michaux, on hi way fr.n tlie Val
ley of the Minsiipi, in the F..1I ijf I WW, p d
thnsigh the counties of Yancy ami Burke, and in
tha amall Volume ; eontai.iiuj an aeiMNjnt of Ins
travel, that a a publnlied sishi after hi return to
Pari, tho opinion i expit-Med, that in these ftsin.
ties, the Allegliany Mountain muni tln-ir greatest
elevuiion. Ha iih-hIioii, in cvitlem-o tint tin be.
hef i well fouisW, that hi father fund tr' and
plants growing upon them which he did not meet
with again before reaching Camilla.
ITie Geology iJ thei coOuties ha nn peculiar
feature. They were visited, during the lui hum.
mpr, (or the purpose of tracing the bouis..ine of
their rs:k fnrmalMra, and ahsig with other cullaie.
ral oltpH-ta, proviHHi vu mail- for iiaasuru.y -tho
height of their principal Mountain, witn t ieir
bearing and disiai from each other,
geiitleiirt-n in the Wet, whi expreineil an interest
in the aubject, were piomised an aceismt of in
result ; and they are communicated with aome .
planatory remark, to the Register, m the hehrf
Ihnt they will not be withtstt interest ftr s roi
living in other part of the Stale.
It i well knoHti that the Mercury in the tube of
the Barometer I continually iWillaliii, tx inlly
in the high latitude ; so that we cimiol, from
single olsiervatiis. of its height, infer th- ek'ta'ton
of any place the levef of tlie sea. ftut l).
ville ItMind, iMm a coniari-sin of the Meteorologi.
cal Registers, kept wiih great rare for a vne of
year hi dtllerent pnrtu of Enr ipe.thut tie- ehanges
aresiinulltineiKi and similar in place c.i aoderably
remote from each other.
One llarous'ter was thn'fore stationed at Mor
ganion, and a record kept of n movemetits by Mr.
P-arwKi of that place. This served a a artandurtl.
The I'bterrntiom mnde at the same time (nearly,)
upon the tt of the MtsJiitains and at Morgantmi,
I'urniMhed the data for calculating their elevations
above that village, and the mean of ten observations,
on successive days, gave what is probably a near
approximation to tho height of Mnrgaututi above
the level tf the Sea 964 feet. Deducting from
this the descent to the bed of the Catawba, tliero
remains only about 800 feet of full between tho
Ford leading over Linvillu and the Sea. This will
not be regarded as an extravagant estimation by
those who are acquainted with this stream, and by
such m have had do experioncu in iuvcstigatiuosof
this kind, it will be condemned as falling- far below
the truth ... .
: North of the point where the James River leavci
Ihe Mountains, the first hijjh ridire of the Allecha.
im na:e is apptica t. the range that separata
- '
ran if e that ae oar tea tha
Extern and Western waters. This It commonlv
the first high Mountain, but not always. - The Ti. '
ble Mixmtaini which forms an fine and' striking t
feature ia the scenery about Morganton, is not -
part of the Blue Ridge, hot a spur ir outtier. It
ooma, whea seen from Morgariton.lo be l round -tower
rising perpendicularly from the summit of"
the first range of the Alleghauie. It is, in fact,,
naiww -liderffiirditifl; a jwjr-fine propecTif "rtio"""
fertile vallev of the Catawba and
Iw i " iivi vnu
est aressijjhere the Linville pours over the rocks
along a deepwjivholly untenantnd and uncul.
tivated, and of a vast exh'urif Jlauam peaks nnd
raoges on the. -North-east. . . Its too is SX'STTftsM-
Ahf,M.m:4ra!tannji a JtlLuj.aiMtfft.ihaaLWiuUea.
distant in a right line.
-The Graw1fotherrl7 miles lr..rrilhe"TaUe7and
29 from Morganton, has hitherto been irenerallv
supposed! the highest Mountain in North Carolina.
wn.v.iijHUjj miVkh u uiyao-iyi, 11 nas nappeneri to
him. as it does ridTTOlienuentlv ,io men. nlamd
corwtin'ctm bim fcr.jre4 -
a reputation to" which he is by no meajis entitled.
The best point of departure for ascending the -tolTlfi
of John's River, where , the traveller will find a
pleasant home in a beautiful valley, and at James
Riddle's, l.BOO feet above, on Ihe side of n'MouV
tain, a faithful and intelligent guide. From the
distance and the roughness of the way, it will prove,
as my friends and quondam pupils, Messrs. Cling,
man and Roseborough can testify, a severe day's
labor to a person inexperienced in travelling ort
foot, to visit the top and return. The summit is
4,5S feet above Morganton.
We may notice here an error in the Act of the
Legislature establishing Yancy County and assign,
ing its boundaries. It is said, that they shall run
with the Tennessee line to the Coynty of Ashe ;
thence with the line of said county to Uie Grandmo
ther Mountain,?1 &ic. It is here" supposed that the
Grandmother is either tho same Mountain with tim
nd in the
Ashe line, whereas she is 3 or 4 miles distant front
both. She sits humbly and submissively at tlie feet
of her venerable spouse, with tlie little Grandson
between a pattern to all good dames in the coun.
try below. From the fact that her head is crowned
with ilw Uimm-fir'(nittfmnlwtf1mV '"
probably have an elevation "of 2,600 feet. Ifthere 4
should seem to be atiy thine to warrant misnieion
of a want of affection in this worthy couple, in Ihe
from each other, their great bulk should not, whilst
we are forming our judgment, be neglected.
The Roan Mountain is 15 miles froni the Grand,
father, and 35 Northwest from Morsanton. Ivintr
directly over, or beyond, the Hawks!!!. If touch.
es the Tennesseie line, but the highest peaks are in
W....I. f i: fin.- .1 .1 .
.loiin v4noniia. 1 ins is ine easiest 01 access, the
most beautiful, and will best repay the labor of as.
cending it, of all our high Mountains, ' BV one. of
my menus, me preference is given to tho Y ellow,
which is in fact a continuation of the Roan, on ac.
count of the symmetry of it form s hut it ia consi.
derably lower. v ith thfr exceptwn of a bojy of
rocks looking like the ruins of an old Castle, near
its Southwestern extremity, the top of the Roan
may be described tu a vast meadow, without a tree

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