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0 / 75
PUBLISHED EVERY SATURDAY MORNING ASJJiJJIL A32 J4)JJJ 31 AHJlJDlI EDITORS AND PROPRIETORS.
Number 27, of Volume 10 :
SALISBURY, NOllTII-CAROLXAA, DECEMBER 5, 1835.
Xiic Ucsicni Carolinian.
BY ASIIBEL SMITH &. JOSEPH W. HAMPTON
TERMS OF PUBLICATION.
1. The Western Carolinian is published every Sa-
Ti nniv. at Two Dollars per annum if paid in advance,
or Two iKdlars and Fitly Cent if not paid before the
expiration oi mrce muuuu.
k Xo piper will be WitimicJ I until all arrearages
e paid, unless at the discretion ot the Editors.
'. rii'K-cr iwliuho win hui . - -
than one year ;
and a failure to notify the Editors of a much in support 01 -Mate lugnisuttu me u wi
me. at tue end of a year, w ill he consi- . tution. Tlie day was delightful, and every thing
wish to discontinue
to the.-n through the Mill, at tueir risk proi-nled they
fret the acknoicle,l'Zfn".it of any respectable jterson to
prove that such renitiaace was regularly made.
TERMS OF ADVERTISING.
1. Advertisements will be conspicuously and correct
ly inorfl. ;it ." cnts oorsouare f.rtlie rirst insertion.
. ' . . ' ... i or.
ni Mjteusi 1
vertisement is or iereil to '! in oniy iwic m
be c'nr-ed fr each ms-rtion. If ordered for one in-
sertion only, -si will in all cases be charged. ;
2. Persons wiio eire to enirae by the year, will be
1.1 L . . Ul .1 ..1 ...t i, .ti 1 !lO fl IvlVP
aCCOn nriie'l OV a re ISO I l uii; ucum-iiuu
char"es for transient custom.
. . 1
1. To insure prompt attention to letters 8i(,,lr0?c1 ,
the Eiitors, the postage should in all cases te paid.
TO ('ORK ESPONDENT?
WHAT WILL THE NORTH DO !
The Van Uuren pa;ers h ive b--e:i,ever since the
commencement of the late furious Ah dition contro
versy, assuring their readers that the Northern
LtPTislatures would adopt etfectual measures, this
as a new enira-'etuent. 1 appeared to citnlute tovvanis reiuienn ine asso- jjn.uiuifd m me nrsi omce m me pni or lue people.
' .-1 t t - J . I A . . . I .11..
4 Vnv oeron wuo will prure six 6iit.cnwrstoine ciation 01 these gentlemen with their trie:iIs 111 this J ' r., 01 v m-isor. ur patriotic
ian.anJ take the trouble to collect ana iransmu tjo,, ,timate anl Cordial. After sp. n hii-' the ' , u-.u wimuomu.-, aim
" T":J "I.-"::"" 1 S'aler P:l" 01 i-'ren.n iu 1nu1u.11 uouwriM- . honored bv bis nr, s,nr,.
,..;...,.n.,n:.ni-i,thp .turs. ha unea a- . ... .t r .. - .....1 ... an 110001 u mis iuiuk oiaie; wouiu mat our uoaru couia
wrallS UUrin- liieif t-OiiLUinaun. ,-. .(..J.,,. n,, L. nr ntnu Urm t ip -ntnn:i. t, . i ,,r,. . .... ......
... w... n.;;,. ..f,,.,. - ' ! . "" y u"en .. iz.n. iur laienioil ana patriotic U
I tTS'lllS lll'l' 'ir i - .... t.. Itunmi f li, .il.ili. I .nil Iliri'lMl t .l ...... I ... l:
winter, to check the Fanatics in their incendiary w.n received w ith great applause, both by the com
crusade sifrainst the risrhts and safety of the South, pany at dinner, and by the luiud of music w h. ex
For our own parts, we have never lielivrd that presst'd their hearty concurrence by playing to the
they would do anv such thing, though we h ive ly;cn tune Old Virginia never tire."
content to await their action in silence. New Jer-1 Mr. Lih arose, amidst the groat applause, and
t?ey is the first Northern State which has spoken after the l nig continue I cheering had subsided,
on the subject ; not as yet, it is true, through her proceeded, an J for one hour, jo a strain of I ftv el
Le rilative, but her Executive dcpirtm nt and queuee an 1 cl se argument, gave utterance to sen.
what d s she say ? (Joveinor Vro ni who, it will timents worthy ff the n.au and the crisis. He
be recollected, is" a Van Buren m m in his An mal sp ike of the part which he bad hitherto pi tyed in
Messa re, after condemning the course of the A!- the political drama, prescril-d the course which he
litionists, (as all the politicians will re i lily tlo, b- sliould pursue in future, and ui'wt triumphantly
caus uch declarations cost them nothing, and the vindicated himself again-t t!ie calu nny and abu-e
vote of the South will be cheaply purchased if it which had ben heaMd mxni him since his first en
can be bought with such chad,) explicitly declares try into the S-uate of the United States. After
that 14 no legislative action is necessary ami, in the close of his sp eech, Mr. L igh gave
the very cant of the holitionists themselves, adds; 'pie States of North Carolina anl Virginia: They
" The freedom of speech and the right of peaceful have always acted together in meeting Fe leral a g res
discussion mav not be restrained." That is, the sions: may they always act together in resisting exe-
ri-ht of telling the S Mithem people that they are ,
a 1 man-stealers and tvr.n,ts--the rigid to di.es
an man sicaiya .
the means of most oil ctu Ilv robbing ns of our
property, as the alternative ot niving ournrus. (J Th(? .mf.ricnn Government: Foun !e-l upon the
cut and" our dwellings burned over our heads ! If rock of independence, an ! supported by the granite p I
New Jersey will go no farth-T than this, what can ; Iirs of the constitution, it stands, a beacon of light to
xve ejeet fro n New York, the hot-bed of the Abo- the friends of lib-rfy throughout the world,
liti .:i fever the central sea of its influence and J. The memory of Washington
? M. Our listinguilieil gue.-t, the Hon. U illie P. Man-
P)W.Cr.' . r. . t . i , i ,l- 'gum, the incorruptible man. the independent states
Will the Southern States be satisfied vith this minanij tl. a!)I' HIip!Hrtor of constitutional liberty,
answer? It will b-hoove thur L"gts'aures s.n.n un.iuc.-j ,v the bl.n lishments of popular favor, and
to answer tins question. Lynchburg Vinjinian. unawed by the frowns ot power.
Amidst the great applause which the annuncia-
A FACT FOR THE ABOLITIONISTS. ton f us Iia.e produced, Mr. Mangum arose,
The rillianuvs fanatics at the North are constant-' an) afer ,i1P ,tilt aUi fr0qent cheering had suh
lyiloxling the count r w it! lying accoii ts of the ' sj,,., addreesscr the company for an bom and a
unhappy condition ot the whole slave popui ation, ;
until manv, who are not better iufrmed, are no
doubt led to believe firmly that no master ever ma
nifested the least kindness to his slave, or even in
dulged him iu the smallest privilege. We of the
South know better it is true, for we have opportu
nities every day of our life of observing th t, but
for the name of slaveiy, hundreds of slaves are
placed in a condition much more enviable than that
of many free men among us, and a thousand times
more enviable than is the condition of a large por
tion of the laboring classes every where. Pass
through the streets of our town on the Sabbath,
who better dressed than our colored population?
whose countenances indicate greater cheerfulness ?
wh ) so merry as they ? The truth is, they are
well fed, well clothed, and are constantly treated
with the greatest kindness and indulgence.
Our attention was called to a striking illustration
of this state of things at our market on Saturday
morning. Side by side were drawn up a couple of
heavily laden wagons one we learned contained
the marketing of a worthy farmer of our county
the other was equally well supplied with an exten
sive assortment bclon'in to his sfures. The kind
hearted master had given them ground to cultivate
for themselves, had loaned them one of his teams
to bring their produce to town, and, at the moment
our attention was directed to the circumstance, was
engaged in assisti ig to dispose of what they had
to sell. In the meantime Ins own wagon was neg
lected he was taking care that their commodities
-should have the hrst chance of side, and then, f
. i .......i:...J i. !. .1. ill I
the (lemau i wen; iioi suppueu, momii mihui i ir:
offered if anv remained u:idisi.sed of, they sliould
be his, as the better able to bear the loss, not theirs.
This, though a striking, is fir from a solitary
ens", of the attention which is paid to the comfort
an l happiness of the class w ho have excited so much
of th it " svtnnithv" at the North w hich costs no.
thing but a few drops of ink and a few slow and
measure I strokes of the pen. Notice the teruuna
I. . toiler- in" o-i'iiui'l- I
tioiofthe little incident we have briefly sketched ;;
the in aster expenls nix money lor ntcrssnrics ior
food anl clothing fr his servants, as well as for
his wife and children ; the slave is not obliged to
buv aiiv of these things, either f r himself or any
o." else. H" takes his money and lays it out, if he
so ch noses, fr luxuries his m cessnrifs are all
furnished him. True, he toils so does his master
so do we all ; his support is certain his master's,
our's, every freeuiarr, more or less precarious.
TRIBUTE TO WORTH.
From the Jlaleigh Star, of .v mter J(3.
MA.VIUM AX D LERJH DINNER AT JACKSON.
Friday, the 6;h November, being the day ap
pointed tor the Public Dinner to Mess. MANGUM
arJ LEIGH, and thev having been escorted, the
evening previous from Blakelv, bv a Committee,
rt Jackson, were iwt bv a i rv lare number ot
ired anxious to n;antlet their re
ii lor men who had contribii ed !
. . ... . . .
hundred, sat down to a dinner, which, in a sump- ;
tu.-us and eenint ix int of view, has never leen j
Kiirnassed in this section. Col. Andrew Jovner
presided, assisted bv Collin Y. Rimes, Jas. S,i-!
r ww ,, ii- it iii , .i i ... f !
i.l . . tJ'UlV.O t .Ull-
'. . . . .. ... . ; . ....
tin. and Iiero.j i-ais o. ice I're-iaems. Aiier
tin. and IleroiJ raisoo, ice l're-uents. Alter
..,; t.'i.l .'inn. I 'ni.l i ho r Lt 1 rpmoipil i 1,. '
m.. - , ...
following t .asts were drunk : j
1. The principles of constitutional liberty, secured j
ty coni(Kict ; May they never be surrendered at the
....n.lnt.t ..rik..trA. i
uuiiuau; in nii.
2. 'I he hlectivel rancFnse: " inetim ihle to treemen,
and formidable to tyrmrs oily." ,
3. The Union ot th-1 Slats, firmed bv the wisdo n .
ari( comonte,! by the friendship of fithers": May tt ne-
vcr ,,1;.lv,.i,l nniiess ofnins. ;
. The Union ot th-1 Slats, firmed bv the wisdo n .
A t Inr liti-i.rn,l,,..l .niPsl. thf 1 nn. lViirtmin al.
! kins Feigh: Th consistent npublican, the able states-;
; mm. and the firm un iamit.vl patriot. The transcen I-!
ant ability with w nch hrt has sustained the Conslitti-. conducted with reism and mo leration. t!ie safe guard ; to the adverse political events I have Jnet w ith.
tion and laws of his country against th u.-upation and . of civ.l liberty ; but when marke.l by unjustifiable abuse : ivrs,,liav, theref.re, I am content and happy, tho-corrupt.-on
of the times, would have lone honor to the i "n.I scurnlitv, tlie foueMiter ot Ciil broils and ihseu- . . i -,i i r.
ii iV . - . . i.i im i ,i, i roiig iv conscious tt having actt-d with tidehtv to
old Dominion in the proudest days of her glorv. . moiis, destructive to repu dies Li i n r i o . c ',-
ft-, ,. . i i i 1 ! it..,,; i si,.r..,n i'., ..f'r.ri.r 1. ti... w-i.;.. the ix-onle, regardless id tlie allurements ot olnce
The ah ve sentiment having lieen annourued.
The Jnl.cary of the L. Stat
th" rancour of pirtv spirit, absolute
exist,,nr,, of its pntv.
States. Freedom from
ly essential to the
j,, a manrK.r w hich almost surpassed himself.
He took a retrosriective view of the political situa
tion of the country ; spoke of himself as having
liecn a warm supporter of the present administra
tion ; of the causes which had produced his disaf
fection to it; and more particularly of the fital
proclamation f l-s.'iJ, which was calculated to
sweep away the laf vetigo of State Rights. In
speaking of the friends of the present administra
tion, he was exceedingly charitable to many oi
them, who, he said, were no doubt actuated by the
purest motives. Of th" venerable Macon, he said
all that could lie considered praiseworthy, and al
luded to his colleague, Mr. Brown, in the most re
spectful manner, as exercising an honest diiF'rence
of opinion with himself; but the oiHce seeking men,
w ho are worked by wires, were blown " sky high ;"
all their little machinations ox vised in a ina-terlv
manner; and the purity of his own conduct, in ca
sing to co-operate with the party in ower, com
pletely establishd levond the d mht of an impar
tial mind. He was freeque:;tly interrupted by the
spontaneous cheering of the company, and conclu
ded his spetrch, amidst the almost unanimous cry,
" go on," with the following toast :
Tlie g(xvl old county of Northampton, and her recent
whig victory a glorious triumph, and a bright exam
ple to her sister counties.
0. The Mil it-try of the United States. Their coun
try's decree " rig-fit or wrong."
"ill. The prosjK'nty of our country. But may it ne
ver become intoxicated with its own success.
11. The Legislative anl Lecutie branches of our
Government may the preservation of the charter from
. . ..
which they derive their powers be always an object of
V2. Party spirit, wh'-n properly tempered, conserva
tive of liberty ; but when degenerated into madness,
destructive of tlie be:t interests of the country.
13. Wom.v.m " hallowed gift of God to man."
By Col. A. Joyner, Presided. Northampton county:
. I . .1 1 . I . C . " .I..... 1
, -, . i ' i i , . e . . ., j
ctirt li-u r.ii.r.t thrt muni ti.rht iF nitrii.tiC lllltV. anil
n ,rlirinlls v;"trv.
- . -. .
Bv Cant. C. W. Birnes. 1-t . P. Honor and gra
tit in !o to whom they are due, the honorables Benj. Wat
kins l.ej.th and Willie P. .Mangum.
By Dr. Isaac Hall. Mrd V. P. Our absent friend, the
Hon. John Branch, the honest man and independent
states nan: Whether in public or private life, the lus
tre of his virtue has never been tarnished.
By William Cherry, Esq.. Uh V. P. Martin Van
Biiren, wlifise only fixed principles are, the " spoils of
victory;" verily he has had his reward "it is honor
enough to eerve under such a chief."
By Col. Herod Faison, 5th V. P. Martin Van Bu-
ren, a political abolitionist, and Kichard M. Johnson, a
private amalgamations a noble pairof brothers will
iorui t.aroun.i swa'iow in in: no! no!
;ruiiMHiiilll ;riuv 111 III: 111) : HO ! t
By David Outlaw, Ks,,., of Bertie. The Senate of I
the United States the last barrier to executive rxwer.
He is an unworthy son of the illustrious men of the re
volution who would seek to weaken its elliciency to re
sist encroachments art I protect the public liberty.
By I) .ct. Edward Broa.inax, of Rockingham. The
Hon. William Gaston of the Siiiirpiiic mrr nf Vrth.
By Samuel B. Spuill, Esq., of Raleigh. Hugh I..
White, thf hon st and consistent patriot: May he dis-
; appoint t!ie jiohtical intrieguer of New York, bv bein
"forlorn hope" of the Constitution the only refuse of
. 'V JO wards ot Virginia. 1 iio nas Kitchie,
a 1l"r-v' ;',,,J Uie P11"! I " ""ii. It is,
i. 1111 l I
Mduit- uj in- rHAHipi 10 such a weaniercocK.
l Hoct. . Cro.
vv... . . w ...
B, nj. W. Itciirh, Hn i Willie P.
t,,.,, t .
. i. i. . '11 . ' J
.Ui.i w iu,;nru-n ny an nonesi i:hti.
By Jo in 1). Amis. The press : when virtue, intelli-
ience, and i id. p..ndence are iLs guides, it is the cheif-
e.-t ornaiueiit of a nation's weal ; when xver dictates
fi i! 1 1 1 1 1 I H ri. I rntit i. .11 w. .t it ff.-t.,. it t . . K I .
' v.nt.iiuiun c 10 no iji, 1. iiiiuuun.0
every nark l atun- ot tn- "(ilolie.
By B. l .lr, lli, of H.ihiax. T!ie present Ad -
ni:n.-'r ition : Ii.tmir'iislMtl mav it be through all time
ni:n.-'r ition : Ii.tmir'iislMtl mav it be through all time !
to eon-; and m alftlie charts for the future guidance:
of the ve. f State, let it he laid down as the shoals
811' broakcrs. !im,iUt u nr i tho ri! .if mi v ix.t v .Mil nr.. ,
without peri! to republican liberty. j
By Wei Ion Hall, of Warrenton. The press, when
By Benj. J. Sprnill, Emj., ff Tarborough. The Whig
rsenatorsor tii" Unite.! Mates Senate: r reennm, rep re-,
presentatives of freemen, who know their rights, and I
win maintain mem, in uelianceot either tue inst rue: ions j
of the .e'isl ltnre or the prote.-t of An-irew the tirsU j
By John S. Brown. W illie P. Mmjirn, and 15 -:i j.
W. Ijeigh, the fivorde sons of Vorth Carolina and Vir-
will maintain them, in ueliance of either tue nisi rue: ions j
' . . .i i i i . !
ginia : mav thev always be found, as thev now are, on !
me riTiit suio ..t an m, itical uuestions winch mav aui-i
tate the countrv hirmg their iav.
Rir 'l',...i,... "if V r. .. Thn ttr. Willi.. I
Ma -igurn: Well mi v North Carolina lioi.-t of such a son. .
jr ooiii i.i i . i it'irf i i in. i ion. m inn
By Sonne Panritd, of Virginia. The (huteu States
senate, .wa v it ever cont.nu to m auit i-u its tinnness, ,
dignity, and independence and check the f ,11 y an 1 am- j
onion oi the dor lieadf.'.l and design. ng pirtv politicians. I
Bv Eueli I Birlatid. of MmfreesUmmgh. V.rgi:a ,
and North Carolina Sovereign State. may thev prove!
their love of independent sov reignty by sustaining '
Ie;gn and .:angu:ii in tlieir untiring devotion to State j
By ('apt. Thomas Goodwin, of Scotland Neck. John '
C Calhoun who, llir the ft.gl.ts of States, foregoes Hie
Presidential en nr. I
m, n ii- i . c . c . i n .. 1
- II. . Johnson, Esq., of Murfrees'.iorough. Our'
highly distinguished gu sts, Ber.j. W. I.gh and Willie !
P. Mangum. champions tit the liberties our forefathers '
fought and bled tor: their names should lie enrolled on
the pages of history, as having contributed iu n small
degree, by their talents, their virtue, and their patriot
ism, to fill up the measure of their country's glory.
By William Britton, Esq,, if Bertie. Toe Senate of
tie United States. The representation of the States as
essential to libeity as the representation of the jwople.
Bv John White, Esq. The n.emorv of tlie North
Carolinians, tlie firt to kindle the blaze of liberty : may tiotr be tint of fivor at Court.
their sons, over vvi.ose heads yon stripes and tars are The freedom of Elections, and unqualified and un
rlowing, ever remember their cost, and appreciate their compromising opposition to Ext cut ive anl Caucus die-
By Doct. I B. Powell, of Halifax. The Reserved
Bights of the St ites. Upon their maintei: nice depends
the permanence of our republican institutions.
By John II. Blake, Esq. The Constitution of the
United States a volume made sacred by the best blood
of our ancestors: il ij their olisprmg su'niort and che
rish it as the richest boon of human eiiiirt.
By Newitt Harris. Andrew Jackson, when last
" Earth felt the wound, and nature from her seat.
Sighing through all her work.-, gave signs of woe,
That all was lost."
By Robet A. Ezell. Our distinguished guests, Benj
. Leigh an
d Willie P. Mammm: Mavthe day be
not fir distant when the virtue and intelligence of the
H,,ple shall elevate the one to the 1.''' a'J
other to the V ice Presidency of the united Mates.
Sent by a Revolutionary "Soldier. May the blood of
the patr tts of '76 cry from the dust, and warn the peo-
pie of the chains which are about to be forged for them :
ami their posterity. .
By George W. Gary, of Halifax. Our country : He
who at a foreign court would use our political disagree- '
rnents at home for th purjiose of begging favor.-, has j
uever tell, ami can never leei, mat patriotic sentiment:
Our country, our whole country, and nothing but our
Bv E. C. Pitman, of Halifax. The Senate of the
United States: The only body in the organization of
oui confederacy int.tuted for tlie preservation of State
Rights: He who would diminish its influence to exalt
the House of R 'presentates or to incre.a.-e the power of
the Ex cutive, lias already declared for consoiodatiun
and ile.-jxit sm.
L -tiers from a number of distinguished gentle
men were read ; from among which we take the
From the Hon. A. Re richer.
Pirrsnonoi GU, Nov. 1, 1835.
Gkntlfmfn : In consequence of my absence
from home. I have iust received vour comiuunica
tion, inviting me to a public dinner, to be given at ;
Ja.-kson on the 6th instant, complimentary to the
Hon. Wilhe P. Mangum.
I rnr,.i t . t . a l ... r en .-: .rpmenf s w ill not n ow !
of my Joining the friendsof7 Constitutional liberty ;
in this testimonial of resject to a distinguished
nublir. servant. I le ' h ave, however, to assure
Mm that no one could join in such a testimonial
with more cordiality than myself. While others
have shamefully deserted the standard under which
they once f ught in fivor of the rights of the peo
ple, and have gone over to the advocates of power,
the distinguished individual whom yon prop se to
honor has stood firm and unshaken. Federal pa
tronage could not tempt, nor federal power deter
him, from the independent discharge of his duty to
Those in high places mav frown, and the hire
ling tniuions of Kwer may abuse him ; but the time
is not distant when the voice of the people will ev-
i i i ,1 j .1 ..A
"X "here l "well done thou good and
Be pleased to accept my thanks for the kind
manner in which you have thought proper to ex
press your regard for my private character, and
your approbation of my political principles. In
conclusion, allow me to oiler the following senti
Uncompromising opposition to all unconstitutional
power, whether exercised by the Bank or by the Presi
dent of the United States.
Willi hih regard, vour obt. servant.
To Isaac Hall, and others, Committee.
From the Hon. John IS ranch.
Entitld, Oct. 24, 1835.
Gentlemen : On inv return home a few days
past, I had the honor to tin i voursof the 30th uit..
mvitm- ,e, u. the name id a lar:e portion ot the
! einz' us oi mis vonressioiKii iisirici, io u puouu
(.miri. to iM. ... J:irLo,, ,hn Gth Novem-
Imt. to the Hon. V illie P. Maii!?uni.
-y- - -
i ... - .
! 1 ht' bare 'vitation to such a festival, from such
i a quarter, would have been sulhctent to have called
j forth my grateful acknowledgments ; but the kind
1 . . . I 41 . . I . . . . . . H I ... . I . i .. I . ...... U n I . .vl.-t...
ami u.i t n I I 111.1 nut I ill nil. 11 'i iia c 11 . 11 jmv ..;-
,., to C(muiunicate the wishes of tliose you repre-
... .i...!... :.u ,...L.,"
-.- -. .- ,
. , ero m f
tnv count rv, tenfold what thev have
oeeil, VoUT HCUeroUS HPOI'eCialli tl Oi IUV IlUmUie
eirrts, wnuKl have been an adequate reward, and
would have leen sullicient to have reconciled me
. regan itf o, ,e anuremems oi m.
uon oi iu-im- i pot-i.
Yoii say, and say truly, that " I was among the
fir-t and firu.est of the President's friends, who,
ti r-t ami
tivesof the purest patriotism, aided in ele-
m to the Chief Magistracy of the Union;
but ii. nr ii bri it thrift f!iM. .'.i.' li li-iii 1 1 T " Ine nl. I :itwi
iiwit i ir iiu in i'ni'. iu it iiiut mo ..... .i.v
. - . . i
" " ..........,-., ,
cause they have tlie tirmness and patriotism to prt?'
fer their country to Cien. Jackson their own and
their country's honor to emoluments and otfice."
These things are enough to sicken the heart and
rxcit(l he 1(,st i,ilMi:itio,i f every freeman,
1JVs.,f ,()U,vl.r l im wearied with the strife;
, , ,V. . ...
a ln"'''"t regard lor the weltare d a numerous
'" ' ndmomshes me to leave the battle to lie
f night by younger and abler hands.
with a f'rvent prayer to Almighty God, that the
machinations of the unprincipled may le foiled, by
tlP timely action of the people. Ina day or two,
j , t , f famiv, for Florida,
1 f . . i .i ' . .i c
when' 1 expect to spend the winter with some ot
. ,. . . . . .
'" '"Idren, who have established themselves there
a cultivators of the soil. I am, therefore, con-
st mi tied to f irego the pleasure I should otherwise
enjoy, in uniting with my friends on this patriotic
ccasion. Allow me, however, to offer a sentiment.
It contains principles f r which I successfully con
tended, while fighting under the banners of Gen.
Jack.son. aided by his powerful co-operation. To
nie, they are not the less dear, hecause they may
Accept, fr yoTselves and my old friends and!
ronstitue .ts, inv best wishes fir your and their
prosperity a ;d happiness.
With the highest respect, yours, &c.
To Messrs. Isaac Hall, and others, Committee.
ElnaiU't' of Aorlh-rnroliim.
Having given the Comptrollers Report in our
last, vv ith a statistical statement of the Finances of
the State, we now extract from the Report of the
VuhVlc Treasurer, the remarks accompanying that
. i " i
document; which from their clear and aide view
(,f t1(. subject, w ill afford a sufficient insight int
. Cun,litiou of OIir financial relations. We would
. . , , ,
give the whole Report, but for its lengtii, and the
crowded state of our columns.
After stating the amount of Revenue received by
the Public Treasurer, the various sources from
which it was received, the objects tor which it was ex
pended, the amount expended, and the amount now
stanuin" charged on his books against the Public
Treasurer, (SO 9,27:3 CO.) he proceeds
It will be perceived, on reference to the forego
ing Rep rt, and on comparing the amount receiv
eifon account of the ordinary revenue, fir the year
1:M, with the amount received from the same
sources for the year If-33, as reported by the late
Public Treasurer, that the f irinor exceeds the lat
ter bv the sum of three thousand seven hundred
and sixtv-nine dollars and ninety-seven cents, (3,
76U 97.) This increase in the revenue of the last
ve ir, derivable from taxation, h:.s heen owing prin-
cipaily to the tact, that un.ier the ruth section oi
tlie revenue law ot licenses nave neen taiven
out in several of the principal towns of the Slate,
lor erecting ami keeping up, miner various names,
public Gaming-tables, f,r playing games of chance
Mth td which is subject to the tax imposed bv
the said section, of five hundred dollars. It seems
not to have been discovered, until within the last
year, that any other than a lilhard-tab!e was the
subject of license by law as none other has ever
heretofore been 1 incensed under the act referred to.
It becomes, therefore, a matter of grave inquiry, as
it is a subject of great importance to the communi
ty, how far it is proper, (if prper at all,) to license,
or even tolerate, a species of vice evidently tending
in the most alluring forms, to corrupt the public
morals, and to lower the standard of public virtue,
merely for the purpose of aiding the common sour
ces in replenishing the Treasury, from time to
time, with the required amount of revenue.
The attention of the Legislature has been repeat
edly called, by my predecessor, to the fact, t: at the
ordinary revenue of the State has been gradually
diminishing for a number of years. This fact is
no less true now than heretofore; and, unless some
mode is speedily devised, of correcting the abuses
and fraudulent practices which have grown up un
der the present system, a resort to an increase of
taxation must be the inevitable consequence. The
importance of the subject, imposes upon me the du
ty of respectfully asking the special attention i f the
Legislature to it, at the present session. A table
annexed to the report from this department at th
last session, and piepared with great care, exhibi
ting 44 comparative statements ot the listi .g ami as
sessment of property for taxation, in lt?lo, and 133,
with the nett tax accruing thereon," shews that
the aggregate value of the lands listed for taxation
in the year 1 615 was fifty -three millions five-nun.
drcd and twenty-one thousand five-hundred ai4
thirteen dollars, (53,5:21,513) w hile the aggre.
gate value in 33, was only forty-two n iln ns
nine-hundred and sixteen-thousand sfx-hu .die; and
thirty-three dollars, (842,916,633,) showing a tie
crease in valuation, in the space of eighteen years,
of eleven millions six-hundred and four-tiioiu-ana
eight-hundred and eighty dollars, (81 1 ,604,0)
when to this fact is added another, that fr. in the
year 1815, to the year 1633, one million twn-lmn.
dred and forty-nine thousand sev en-hundred and fif-
ty-cight ai resot land, have been entered and patent
ed, and the value of which has been taken into the
aggregate value of the lands listed in 1633, the dif
ference iu the valuation at the periods relerred to
will be greatly increased.
The defects of the present system of listing lands,
are too numerous, and are too well known, to re
quire particular specification in this report. A
principal one, however, is believed to tie the want"
of uniformity in affixing a proper value to the lands
when given in for taxation. The practice differs
in almost every county; and frequently, in different
parts of the same county ; the effect is, that, while
the honest and conscientious land holder is made to
pay a fair proportion of the burthen of supporting
the government, his neighbor, who is les-s scrupu.
Ions, and wh .se conscience is more easily satisfied,
pays just that proportion which he, voluntarily,
chooses to pay. Similar defects also exist, in the
manner of giving in taxable polls; there being no
mode pointed out for ascertaining the ages of either
white or black polls, much is necessarily left to the
honesty and discretion of those whose duty it is to
list them for taxation.
Early iu the month of January last, the Presi
dent and Directors of the Literary Fund held a
meeting, at which it was resolved, that the Public
Treasurer, as Treasurer of that fund, should sut
scrilie forthwith for as many shares of the reserved
stock in the Bank of the Slate, as the funds on
hand would pay for; and that he should, fro i; time
to time, as tlie means of the Literary Fund might
accumulate, make such further subscriptions for
stock as the accumulating fund would enable him
to do. Under this resolution, as well as under th
authority and direction of the 5th section of the act
chartering the Bank, I subscribed, on the 5th day
of January last, in the name of the President and
Direct rs of the Literary Fund, for two hundred
and frty shares; on the 4th day of May, for one
hundred and ten shares; on the 15th of July, for
seventy-six shares; and on the 2nd of October, for
forty shares: making in the whole, four-hundred
and sixty-six shares: which cost the sum of forty
seven thousand fight-hundred and eighty -seven dol
lars and sixty-three cents, as will be seen by refer
ence to the disbursements, mule from the Literary
Fund, enumerated under the proper head.
The State has now taken and paid for, of the sis
thousand shares of st'iek reserved bv the charter,
niueteeu-h unil red and sixty-six (sixteen-hundred
and sixtv-six of which belongs to the Literary Fund,
and three-hundred to the State,) leaving four-thou
Saul and thirtv-fmr shares yet to lie subscribed;
Of this number, the means of the Literary Fund
accruing within the ensuing year, will probably
pay tor two-hundred and fifty, or, perhaps, three
hundred. From this view of the subject, it will be
seen that there will still be three-thousand seven
hundred shares, or upwards, unsubscriled fir. It
is a matter of regret, that the State has not had
the means hitherto, of taking up the whole of the
reserved stock ; as the want of this additional cap
ital has tended, in a great degree, to cramp the
operations of the Bank, and consequently to curtail,
in a like projortion, those facilities and accommo
dations which would otherwise have leen extended
to the public. Since the adjournment of the last
session, an additional branch of the Bank has been
established at Favetteville, which is intended, in
some degree,- to supply the place of the United
States Branch Bank recently discontinued at that
place ; and should the Legislature make the ne
cessary provision fir paying in full for the remain
ing shares of Stock reserved to the State, it would
enable the Bank to establish other branches and
agencies in sections of the State not now supplied
with capital ; and thereby, to give increased facili
ties to the people in their agricultural and com
mercial pursuits. The attention of the Legislature
is respectfully invited to this subject, a the present
session as the right of the State to take the shares
vet uiisubscrilied for, will expire bv the express
limitation of the charter, on the first day of Janu
It w ill be observed, upon reference to the state
ment of receipts and expepditutes for the last fiscal
year, that the loan of foitv thousand dollars, con
templated bv the las Legislature, and authorized
by a resolution of that lJv, has not leen rrrde.
At an earlv period, after the ndjoorntne! t of the
last session, (lielieving thnt tbe loan wrv'd liecome
necessarx',) I open. ' a correspondence with the
Bank of Cape Fear, the B;o k .Tf State, and 'he
Bank of the United S"te- nseertain upon 'vhat
terms the loan could be had, in case the exigencies