f iU- V. York Curir .jr l-lmjuo'T.
A VoiiMirors, D. C, Jin. 2rJ. I'Ol.
Oo Friday, the JUh, the Committee of Investi
gation, i.i the cae of .Mr. Whitney, again met.
Tir.ir tl n -. this session, was occupied princ-i :il
ly itt oi.uu)p; a id preparing the interrogatories
to b -j propounded to witnesses residing at a dis
tance ; designating the witnesses, and 2iier.i!ly
sah ai :ancini!s as icl-tted to the distant exam
iuiiioi aoout tit ir; commenced. Pending this or
tioa of tl.i business, an amusing accident occurred.
Ii some one or more of the intei r t olios, the
name of Amos Kendall is introduced. Thin was
the interrogatory should te o framed a to ie
ge:ieral. liv rendering it isou or persons, in-stea'l-of
naming the individual ; but tins was over
ruled ; whereupon Mr. Ii.in r moved to insert,
after tLe nunc of Mr. Kendall, the- title Esquire.
Mr. Wise asked for a definition of this title. If
it was intended to mean gentleman, he should ob
ject to its being added; ami then proceeded to e.
plain the sense in which he would be willing to re
ceive the proposed a friend men t; but in n o'he.'i
Mf, W. aslicd li: yeas and nays on the pmpusU
tionV wlrf?retijMn it was w ithdrawn.
Shortly alter, the name of IU-uhen M. Whit
n-"V uaiw?c!. Mr. Pevt'ii rojo and asked if the
gentleman did not wish to add Esquire to this name
The resolution o'lereel at a former meeting wax
then taken up and adopted, to apoiut a commit
tee of three, for the purine of examining papers,
letters, or documents, in relation to Mr. Whitney's
acetic v, ii., w remaining in the Treasury Depart
ment, wot ther on file or not.
Mr. Wise, Mr. Martin, and Mr. Johnson, con
stitute the commit
Saturd.iv, tie? -it', the committee met. The
Secretary "of t'e Trea.su y attended, a id gave some
further t.xu,,,at,,ns' In 'he course of his exami
nation, he vas asked whether, in preparing his re
ports f'r Congress, he used, in any manner, the
j.(ate..enfs of Mr. Whitney?"
Mr. Woodbury replied, that the opposite banks
ina ie semi-monthly retu. us" to the Treasury De
pa: t lent of their condition ; that Mr. Whitney had
:,,-!;fs to these returns; that, from the return 4 in
detail, (-i I understand the answer,). Mr. Whitney
ru lite a con.
id.tted statement, which was depos
ited or I-it in the Department; lhat when the
clerk, to v. h.iu that duty was assigned, was called
upoe, by the Secretary Ibr the necessary inf in na
tion to Diepare his report, he (tlie clerk) would
take up the statement of Mr. Whitney, and cor
recting whatever recpiircd correction, they were
Among tho papers and documents sent by the
M'etropolis Bank of Washingtm to the committee,
are sl-iiic of th statements made by Mr. Whitney.
On comparing them with the Secretary's rep irt,
there is a great similarity, if they are not substan
tially the same.
On Fiiday, th. 20th, Mr. Vise, as chairman of
the committee for vivitstigating tiie state of thi:
several Department ,vV., was notified by the Clerk
of the House if bis apfiut ment. He forthvith
called a meeting for the next morning, (yesterday,)
tlie "21st. They met auC appoiated their clerk.
Four resolutions were suhinurd, the consideration
c viiielt were potoned until ieir next meeting-;
an 1 they ;ii!joiiriieI-
The substance of the;e resolution; f understand
In le as f tllows ; and lhat I bey are to be propoun
ded to all the :r,Hfi .':!22!tmenls ;
trr. What sum or sums-, for what purposes, and
to whom, have been paid any moneys for rinl!iig
or publishing ; specifying the items, and whither
the part ies are printers or editors ?
'Jd. What officers, agents, assistants, or others.
1 1 --1 named in the Blue B:ok, are employed, vviih
.! Ifing nominated by the President to the Sen-"
ale ? What tfieir duti'.s and cornjtensation ?
:id. In wh.it manner is the contingent fund ap
propriated or expended, whether regular or irreg
ular ? Whether bv warrant or otherwise ?
lr Ii. Whether any, and if nnv, what salaries
are paid to jtersons not performing the duties ofan
otlice .' Whether any, and if any, what cnuuntis-i-ioTis
or appointments have Iteen ante-dated? And
whether any persons employed in the Dep artment
are engagcil at the same time in other or their pri
vate business? ". .
Y 011 will perceive,-by this statement, that lot!i
comrniifees of investigation were silling at the
same time yesterday, and that Mr. .Wise, a chair
man, was with the latter. Mr. Pcarce, of Ithode
Island, is also a member of both committees.
Tab Spy i.v Wasiii.xi:to:v.
Waiiim;to.v, Ln. 2, I?:J7.
This morning Mr. Van Buren took leave of the
Senate of lite United States as Vice President.
His farewell address was reduced to writirig. Jm.
mediately afterdhe Journals were' n-ad bv Mi; Sfc
retary, the. Vice President ritse anil proct ede lo
deliver wh.at he bad written and In Kl in his band.
Mr. Van Buren s mauner generally, as a Speaker,
is good, but rather tinctured with alf ct.itio.u. O 1 j
Ike present occasion, however, he. was free from it.
He was deliberate and dignified-;-7ind I hove never
witnessed him, when' he appeared more imposing,
or to more advantage His address was short ami
nppiooriate. I did not hear distinctly, all he said,
but what I did bear, was hihly creditable. lu-
u-e.i i.was . nun n ji.ri,:,, w,ui nis mtn r. iu 11
a:ter reading the piper,-lie pre
- i- . . .. : - - . . .j
1 iimi K'-s arrenrion lo tu maittr. I mine matolv i
retiry of "the Senate rind retin
JN ne. ot tlie witnesses summoned to attend .it
Washington th the ra-K'of Mr. Whitney li ce v el
oir.ved. Of ihe interrogatories proNiuuded to fiat
e.-uihoViah it is U lieved lhat he has riot answered
one too rth. It
, I f . . ,
ap.tears, however, from what he
has ao. vered, that the pr .po-nion to eslablud. a
1...-Z. h..n .f,.. -vJ.J. n '
rt. .v 1 ie f.-'iv I o I'll lili;iM. H3 It -t
..;i...l K.. ...1
oiiim iiiit n i o. 1 oiiu 11m tn 1 ir 'i hi ii'tiiiiji;
with t!inx! baa'ers who sigm-d th f-tter recoi
, : s
rncadieg the p'au, ani Mr. fulney lo he placet
: the he-.i i of the !tureau,'wi?h a m!ha- of fn
.thouvXii J doll ars.. .Mr. Whitney lii.n.v If is the an.
What sfejW. if nnv will be adopleil bv lh mi
nordy of thn Cooirnittee tt-cr.iup I Mr. VVrufo .'v to
JMiswcr, I do not k iow : jVir I kootr what are the
tugs and wishes of their politic-it friend- out
tj rs. Th v s.t we are in a mioorirv iu the'Cotii.
i. io ennl i i thello ise. The tiaj .rity possess
t e p-.wer to luoeeevj with the investigation. O:
I "--o s tne ffsjtorisibilitv. If they choose to de
feat it,'a..id ttiuTinIer th WMole scene a wdonii'
liioi rrv,' ill the -f J .f tS.e nation so let if lie.
oil. V. ije's conia-itlce tj investigate i.-;tj tin-
state of the department?, met yesterday. They
received a letter from Gen. Jackson in reply to the
questions transmitted to him by their Chairman.
It is saal t le a curious docuinonf. I'rom the
document itself, it appears that the President was
fully iuforufd not only of the person who lfered
tin rt .solut ion?., but of lite amendments which those
resolutions h id umif rgoue. On reading it, there-
fore, some enquiry was made: wheieupoti Mr.
Mann of Now-Yen k stated, that he had given the
lresitei,t the information which he possessed in
relation to the transactions of the Committee.
On further enquiry, Mr. Ja added, that the
President infrmed hirn before he wrote to the
Committee, lhat he intended to have certain oppo
sition members of Congress called hef re them and
examined. Accordingly, in pursuance of this ete
termiuation of the President, Mr. Mann has de
signated j;vern! mcmlieis to l summoned ; among
the number, Mr. uVand Judge White of Tennes
see. Thus, you perceive the style and manner in
which this investigation is likely to progress.
The letter addressed to Mr. Wixc, I have said
is a curious d ocument. It is so. From its tenor,
if appears to speak to him as Chairman oj" the
Committee as a representative of the House and
as a private person. The Committee, I am in
formed, have permitted Mr. Wise to fake a copy
of it, and to do with it as he pleases. If I have not
mi taken his character, he will handle 44 the Great
est and the Best" without mittens. No official an
swer has as jet been ordered.
Under date of the 2ith January, 1ST7, Gen.
Jackson replies to the interrogatories propounded
by the Committee (through tooir Chairman .Mr.
ise.) apNinted to investigate the frauds, iVc, in
the Executive departments. The substanee of
ihem may be found in my letter of the i!d Jan
I hey are four in number, and
1st. Ask the sums paid for printing f A state
ment of each item and to whom paid ? .:e.
ild. The names of O dicers, &c, which have Iteen
employed and paid without nomination to the Sen
ate ? Ale.
3d. In what manner the contingent fund has
Iteon expended I tW.
4ih. What salaries haveln-en paid, if' any, with
out holding commissions And witctber commis
sions have bj'en antedated ? Arc.
I learn that there is somj diversity cf opinion
whether Gen. Jackson's letter is addressed to Mr.
Vise persoiwlly or officially. The letter is freely
spoken of in oiltarent circles, ami I have taken some
pains to procure ihe facts in relation to its con
tents. I entertain no doubt of the accuracy of my
The General commences by acknowledging the
receipt ol a copy ot Ihe interrogatories propounuei
U the Committee. He then details a history of
Ihe proceedings in the House of Representative
in reference to the appointment of this Committee,
as he finds them in the newspapers. He says, you
(Mr. I17c) originated the movement which has
" raised a uirect issue with that part of my annual
message, in which I hold tlie following language,"
and then he copies tlie highly wrought compliment
inserted in thai mes-age to the heads of depart
He next proceed to state, that Mr. lT7.sc sus
tained his motion to apoiut a committee, by a
long speech, in which he made vague charges of
corruption and abuse in the Executive Depart
ments. He says, thil the interrogatories of. tS:
i Committee must betaken in connexion with the
resolution of the House, and .Mr. H7j speech;
and be a ids, that by the resolution of the Hoise,
an issue is made with the President of the United
States, as ,t? the (Preside!!!) had said in his annual
message, that the heads ol dep 1 rt moots had 'per
formed their official duties with anility and integri
ty. He repeats, that Mr. Wise in his speeches,
had charged these officers with manifold c.orrup-
In ins and abuse of trust ; and that other members
of the House as apivirs by the newspapers, had
united with him (Wis:) in these accusations.
He siys that for the purpose of ascertaning the
truth or falsehood of these charges the Committee
was raised. Ht; then complains that the Commit
tee parsed a series of resolution, "which though
amended in their passage, were, as understood, in
troduced by you" ( Wie)'calliug on the President
and heads of departments for information," assum
ing that they have been guilty of the charges alle
ged. The President nex, urges that " specii"
cations" ought lo lie presented, and that the resort
to generalities is " an open violation of the Consti
tution, and of the established maxim, that all inen
are presumed to be innocent until protcn guiltv."
lie adds "And this call purports to lie founded
on the authority of that !ody, in which alone, by
th'? Constitution, the power of impeaching is inves
ted. The heads of ilriniri incuts miitj ansver st'ch
a request ai they pi as ' I Kovmi:i,r tfo not irith
(frair ther own time owl that of the ofrrri 11 nth r
their dirertioi from the public, huni'tess. to the in.
jury thereof. To that business I shall direct them
fi ihrote themsclrrs, hi pre fire nee to ant unron.sti.
tufionol calls for i nformr lion, no ntattcr from irhat
source if mat come, or hoftrr anxious tin mot
be to meet it." And then the General averts, that
he, f. .r himself, shall repel all such attempts, as he
" irotild the establishment of a Spanish Inqnisi
tioti." Gner:il Jackson then as, that if Mr. W
and his a-p'-ciates do nd produce specification and
charge, he w ill c:il on the committee to examine
every member of (.'n-rss who has made charges
n:;n.f f,e lieads of enr, x merits, to uJ,;f ,finv
after. linmedaidy ,,0 uf corruption in office, Vc. If specific char
.seted it to tlie Sec- ar rrm,e, f,e snVs, every Hicility shall be "ran-
d from the chumVr. ! tvt tn investigate llios cha're.
r ir. , ,-
He avers, that during the short period be is to
remind iu olnce, he w,!l endeavor, as be hns :ierefo-
j fore done, to fulfil Ihe ohiigafion of th oath which
: h- h-i t'i!.-or t.k .....tA .....I I .1 y
- - -'I. M'n-, 1 iill'l I C iU me i,orsii.
.... , .. '
I , "'l ;f"n ,!':,ni
.'e.fi.at.onsare ml o..ue, fr. Wisnnd his n--.
A 1 . -
,'tes nut U- re-arded by the " goinl nool-."as
"urif nnded clii!nrees. and the :
- rvar.ts sfa.ud " fu'Iv ncnuitteil."
He cleod, by expressing his nf onis-'micnf, that
rert lxTS ot t oneres should eat! f. .. I
trie I.ypen lifure of fh ''..nfmgerit fund, nod other
bran-hcof the ijf ri!iiti , sought, w hen there nr
six standing cornodf fee u, ppi-cil duties a re
fi. examine info the detail, in I fh- recomme,,
the ioveointJng ronnnittoe to have recourse to
.the documents on their in .
Tin: Sfi- ix Va?iiictox.
Correspondence of the Baltimore Patriot.
. .. ........ .. . u !su( .
1. . pin - n .- , . ... I I1 -a. ..... ".
ii oi i-r oi lisi mznt I inforroe I e... .1... '
'Uubeu M. Whitiii-'v .ipr.c.t
rrpcared h-r.-c t!..- fw.rr It. !
ligation vcshjiay, and produced a Pro- '
t the whole-feedings of the House ;
lust.tutmg this inqmrtai i of the Committee m ;
their ac tion under M r! I! Wand's resolution. This
.1... .....t ;-;.r-;.it r..r...id:ihli length. ;
1 -1.. . ..:
aml as-Mimes llie nignesi loaiui as ii me rignis 01
. . . .
ll,...''r,v,.iiri' l-:iiiu :ir .1 I tl.r I tl If 11 V 1 11-
ploy him, w hile it denoutfs in unmeasured terms .
- . ; .
il... inniiisilorial rondiict.il lie Il.ttin tt lletresen- i
tatives and of the Commit e. The contemptuttus
lan guage in which Whiuv spolie of the intelli-
iifiu-i! of (Jiiiiirress in hiireular buer recently !
published, has not passed iL of the recollection of
the public. 1 ns profe-stl uiKlerstand, is in a ;
stdl loftier. -strain ofariogie.e
He is quite in.Mg
uant at the pa-sagq ul tiioresolution ttirougli tlie
House alihotigh, be it. riiemUired, his fwn po
litical friends voted for itrand kicks at the course
of the committee,' upo.i'vhom' alsoas you are
aware. there is a great 115 ority of his yoke-fellows
in .subjection to the" Uoiii.aiit Power, though not,
let ns hope, in iniquity. Tie regards the officers
of the DejKtsite Banks at himself as private indi
viduals with whom Confess had nothing to do;
and after a long riginarii; about his constitutional
and inalienable privilege, he winds up with pro
fessing a willingness to aswer all questions touch
ing matters of a public ciuracter, of which he has
The Committee thoiigd proper to take him on
his own ground, ami iiiakug themselves judges ol
w hat questions did refer to public matters, the
prtnreeded with the examination, which w'as con
ducted by Mr. Peyton. Vhitncy However refused
to answer any of the (nu-"is which Mr. P. pro
ooimded to " succession. Ji, making his re-
aimer was far from tr.ctful to the
committee or the gentleman who liuml iie ques
tions. He would look at them (for, you w.u bt.ur
in mind the whole examination is conducted in
writing) inert im un-m ujkic, .n. .x o-inarH
what thev were inquisitorial, or concerned him s
ail individual and lie declined lo answer. One ot
Mr. Peyton s questions was so framed as to re-
fpiire a direct -statement, w hether Judge Taney did
not refuse to couutenatiee. Whitney or recommend
him tor the situation lie now holds I nis Ihe wit-
ness declined to answer, more particularly, he said,
as the mover of the inquiry had declared the
charge, was true, and he (Whitney) thought he
ought to prove it.
This yon will remember was the subject of the
card Whitney lately puMished in the Globe, in
which he pronouuci d the assertion of Mr. Peyton
a falsehood and calumny. As Mr. Peyton, whose
fearlessness and magnanimity are known to the
whole country, and flier' fore require no vindica
tion, did not condescend to notxe ibis card. Whit
ney doubtless felt himself safe in exhibiting before,
the Committee his poor spirited spite, to a man so
much elevated above ls miseralJe sphere. But
Mr. Peyton did not .allvw.this climax to the inso
lent character of his general bearing to pass unno
ticed. He rose, and Itean an appeal to Mr. Gar
land, the chairman, on the insulting reply of ihe
witness bul very soon broke oil" and stepping up
to Whitney, he addressed hirn thu- : " You thief
and rubber! if vti d.iie to insult me here, before
tee of invest i
ihe committee, "I'll put .tu to death I" Whitney plus Revenue, in extending y.ur system of Rail
was fii'dilened out of "his senses but made no ! Roads, in draining your valuable Swamp Lands,
reply." You said in your Caul that I shield my-
s If behind niv constitutional privileges; now Sir I
wish you distinctly to understand that I waive all
. . .
Mr. Garland, the. chairman here interposed to
preserve onter ; and .Mr. Peyton resumed his seat.
Whitney then rose, and .was pioccedmg to sneak, : den! v left tins City some days ago, has arrived in
when Mr. Vv ton interrupted him, commanded him safely at Norfolk, by the Steamboat from Baltimore,
to bo silent, "and declared, he should not answer the impediment of" Ice in the River and Bay not
btit in writing. Mr.. i'ic here remarked t his withstanding ; aud will pass from thence to Mexi
frien.l, that . Whitney was unworthy. of his notice. . co, in the United States (mi que Pioneer, one of the
He attempted tit draw Mr. Peyton oir from him, l : Vessels desticed for the South Sea Exploring Ex
hut Mr. Peyion sa.d, " No I pay no. regard to his ! peddion.
cards bul w hen he insults ine here, in the coin- Congress is mow-fully engaged in business. The
imttee, I will notice hiuirobber and ihiefus ho is." ; Y;ce-Pieide..l resigned the Chair of the Senate -n
Mr. Povtoti then turned, to the chairman, and re- Saturday last, aud W.m. R. Kim: of Ala., a native
minded hint lhat be had, treated Whitney reject- j of your State (who is called tiie Father of the Se
fully. ..Hitherto " I. haye treated him, said he, as . nate, from having occupied his seat tl-re longer
if lie were a gent leiicu,; and. 1 will not permit him than any other Senator) was elected supply his
to insult me." ----. j place for the remainder of the Ses-".
Mr. Whitney was then, .ordered to withdraw Both gentlemen made appror-late addresses on
and Mr. Haiuer olKuu'd.. a resolution that the last j the decision. The Coimiii appointed under
answer of the witness Should Ie returned lo him,! Mr Wisk's Resolution, to info the manner in
as it was no reply.to the question, aud was disrc- ; which the business of tH Executive Departments
spec! ful lo u member Aif the committee. This res- has lieen 1 1 ansncted, c busily engaged, having call
olutiou was udonted unanimoushi. so decided and ' ed lief ore them a uiimU'r of witnesses. Amongst
.strong was the
e convict Mn ol every member that
the demeanor and language, of this " great man'
were iinnrojier and ius.uUing. j
Oa Whitney 's return,; ibis resolution wns rend ;
tJ 111 IM, clllO Ills UII.SW iff, 41 ell IUCK III III III. Hir
.....I I... . I I. ... II '
im-ii tpoiin.ii, tn.i -Apci;sjNj ins- r"gro lor any :
disrespect tie had m m!t sfed to tlie committee- !
lo-day he has txni inuch more pacific; and ;
some impoi hint facts, have been disclosed in his !
testimony. He admitted that Ac was the author t
of the letter, recent iv luiblished, and siMied by Ihej
six cashiers of the deposite banks, recommending
the establishment of a hank bureau in ihe Treasn-i
ry Department, aud rfcommeuding hiihself ! R. may succeed in carrying provisions granting cer
M. Whitney ! as a pi;i 'r (kt.soii to h" placed at . tain ol -y ctionable pre-etnpMon righfs.
he fiend of it! This,, letter was written while! Several Speeches ha ve Iteen made on the bill for
Kendall w as acting as the agent of the Treasury reducing certain Tarifl duties ; but there is no ex-
Depaitmeuf, and I believe while be was in Phi''i-
(I r . -
. di-lphia oh a journy of discovery, to see on whnt !
terms the banks would receive the deitosites, should I
I hey le.. removed from, the Bank of Ihe United Mr. Bell, of Tennessee, has introduced a bill in
Sfales. Mr. Peyton and Mr. Wise put ouesiion 'to the House of Kenreseutalives f-r securing the
after epiesMon to the witness, to ascertain whether) freedom of Elections. Mr. B. supported his bill in
Kendall had any thing , to do with getting up this!
1 1. 1 In r I .ii t I u iL'mil, I tirO miA,.ii. 'ii-i o..-)
........ .. .. , ....... ...
query thtit, touched M. Amos Kendall. Mark
"'"!, - - r
Vhi!ney adnuMed Ijiat he npplfed ,to"Mr. Duane
for the npiiiMtinent he now held. . .
He admitted that he wrote the circular to re.!
ceivers, recently pul!shed;.aiid (ii;yres lie was;
author z -d liv the Se re arv oi the Treasury .to use!
ivers, recently pub!sbed;.and lr.;fares he
)hor z -d Itv the Se re ary pf thp Treasury t
itie iiueatenmg Janguaye did emp'oy .-.
There were some otiier develoiunenis. jnf w fucb
I will infirm vou I r-morrow. The cuiiimitt.ee is
in se.iiHi night and dav.-
in his spcfCb ou the b;II which re-!
penis tie Trvrj-ury Circular, several Snators of
the Hives section, at aaiv'icJing last night, resolved;
fuat he must be put duvn-i-thaf lie must fo, given j
understand his ivnt was lo foil ow, pet
Ihil i im ju. ev.tfi.. ,.f l,.,.;n w.h ..lo.
ration of war u Mi. WalkiIh. of Missi:sirii. evi-
On Saturday there was qus.te .n bfow up in t!u-! ceive their goods by way of Georgetown. Goods The House look f r .
ranks of the party in the Senaie.. Tiie BMtimVue may now be received afthis place frolu New York ' Oo t ,s in dncTnJ hll, appropriation bill.
Patriot has the f ..lowing account;of the scene: in from nine to fo u teen days' whereas by the Pob' i Hh;:;'
"I heard that, in conseapiene of toe outntcm lioals it so neliu e ; requ.rcd altout two months, even erett, Parker, Law lor and Lewis o-- rvart
arrogant-. - and violence which Mr. Bknton di-play- when th? the river was in a good state for navioa- i Mr. D-iwsoo r. .! a..a .i,J:.:' i r-
eii vts i
he concurrence of a majority of" the j
aimed against the Great Kxpunger to-
day. "Uod save the couniix, ne c.a..v,
" from the w i!d ami extravagant opinions or the fct-
nator from Missouri!" This in his opening para-
.... ;i rf.rollerlions ot their tor-
i.ipu. no, u .. .
1.:.. I, ...I n.J irr lout. ti saitl
11 ieT CO Ul ! a lO l! 1 1 1 lll " ' ---
he woulu overtoow
. i I. . l - Air.
inanv oi uiv itiiuma "i
"I hope voti will not overlook one, sir! cried
Mr. Buxton, rising in wrath, and pushing his chair
from before him.
"What one?" asked Mr.
Walker, his choler
Not one of them, I sav" replied the Great Ex-
punger, in infinite wialh and fury, retreating to
wards the door.
" Mr. W vLKr.u called out after him, in the most
excited toues Then I'll examine all, sir! and if
the gentleman wants an angry discussion, here or
elsewhere., he can have it."
"And the Senator from Mississippi did proceed
t examine the points; and for an hour or more,
did all he could to bold up the opinions, arguments,
and figures of the great K.xpunger to the contempt
and ridicule of the Senate. lie declared his be
lief that Mr. Bkmon was alone in his wild and
impracticable opinions, and he challenged the ayes
and noes on any proposition he choose to otler to
ascertain how many participated in those opinions.
He upbraided him (ah ! unkindest cut of all !) with
having Iteen 'an opponent, in 1 of the illustrious
President, of whose con-cienee he now wishes lo
he eoosidered the exclusive ruardiau. And be
finished a s;eech of extreme sever.ty and open de- j
fiance, by declaring be held himsell resjMinsible lor
w hat be had said, in or out of the House.
Mr. Uivr.s followed, and returned his thanks
to Mr. Wai.ki.k f r the masterly defence he bad
made of h is propositions against the assaults of the
senator trom .Missouri
He asked an arjourn
j ,,,, which was granted
The 4 genteel Virgin-
i-,.,, NV;;i ,u m s ,levoiron Moi-day. and we will then
1 see wi,t.ii,cr J,c or Hkm'ox is the stronger.
j " Wii...t w ill the jtoor deluded fellows, who thun-
j dered away 0.1 guns on Federal Hill in honor of
on IJknton, say, when they hear that their great
man has leen annihilated bv the nop gun of Mr.
Wai.ki:k, Tell them to wheel about and fire 00
guns now f r Mr. Rivi:s, or they may be too late
for the spoils."
On Monday Mr. Uivr.s made a long and elabo
rate speech, in reply to Mr. Biwrox; taking pains,
however, to lie extremely courtly to the Missouri
Senator in point of manner, while he very effec
tively demolished all his arguments, and demon
strated the utter impracticability and dangerous
tendency of his doctrines on the subject of the cur
rency. Bkxtox was manifestly rebuked back into hu
mility, and replied brielly, and with extraordinary
moderation of language and manner. The Sui.
Washington Correspondence of the Raleigh Register.
WAsuiMiroN. February, 3, 1S37.
All the friends of your State, w hom I have seen
here, are pleased with Ihe.-disposilion which your
Legislature has made of your portion of the Sur-
i and in the establishment of Common frchor.Is. It
! is hoped that the impetus given to the spirit of im-
; provement by these measures will be the means of
i , 1 1 . -i ......
placing you on a level with tiie most prosperous of
! our sister Slates.
We have learnt that Gen. St. Anna, w ho so sud-
others, Wm J. fir am:, lata Secretary of the Trea-
surv is heie.
The bill limiting and designating the funds in
which dui-s to the United Males shall be receiva-
I. .. .... ,1 ... mil l ITI illftu I 1IW1K11.W I ......
UIC, Hill iii"iu" .in u.;uuii.n l llif
soi vniu, .i..wi;v . ,i.iMjit-u i
those who uesireu a nir i repeal oi tne I reasury
unler. it win nowever, restore tnat order in Ihe
currency which had b:en so greatly 'disturbed by
Mr. Benton and his friends have used their en-
deavors lo lower the price ol the public lands. It ,
is lu beved they will not Ite able to do this : but thev '
poctation that lb? bill will pass. It would be too
direct a violation of public faith, aud too ruinous in
an able Sitoech. in the course of which, he said. 1
hi ivi.ff. liltlllllll itin i, lii 1., I . . .
, ... ... ... ...... ,m. u, et i ne
ll, not to vote accordmg to their own wills, but ;
( thev wvre employed, and by whom they get their
(bread. He also ex posed many other shameful abuses, j
ic rTtam:oat. Ihe .steamier Lr.-:cola built
or our river bv the Merchants Steam Boat fim.
of this town, arrivinJ on Thui
n I hursday, laden j
ms web adapted to
tl,- river, and will he of very important advantage
to trie business ot the town, as wt I! as to those vd-
- i...,. ....v., ... .oiwii.ii which
tion, as we have ourselves learnt by e.xrerience.
The present prospects of our town we consider very
flattering. The loss of houses by the destructive
tire of Dec. is more than supplied by r-ew
ones, while others are still building, and under con- j
tract or being built.
Chcrcic Gazette of Ftbruary 7. j
Jcr.tly with th
Tarty " pncla
Wednestlay, Febrvary 1, 1637.
The resolution presented some davs since by Mr.
1 Nicholas, calling upon the Secretary of the Trea
sury to communicate to the senate aiiy inhuma
tion in his Hissessiou going lo expose the frauds
committed in the sales of the public lands in Louisi
ana, was, on the motion of Mr. Clay, amei ded so
as to embrace the abuses practiced in other sections
of the country. The resolution as amended was
The Senate then proceeded to the consideration
of the bill to limit the sales of the
The bill being in Committee of the Whole is -open
to amendment ; and various amendments were pro
posed. When the bill shall have been reported,
we shall give its leading provisions. At present it
is impossible to say with accuracy what will be ita
On yesterday, Mr. Iving of Georgia, addressed
the Senate, at considerable length, in opposition to
the bill, ami showed its direct tendency to throw the
public domain into ihe hands of sp culators and
monopolists. He denounced the bill as being in its
provisions extremely unj osl to the old Stales, and
calculated to increase speculation, rather than to
prohibit it. He appeared esjtecially opposed to the
pre-emption principles. The subject wuis further
discussed by Messrs. Bavaid, Tipton, and others.
HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES.
Mr. Kvi:ki:it, from the Committee on Indian
Alliirs, reported a bill for the protection and .secu
rity of the Indians to the west of Arkansas, and iu
The unfinished business of yesterday then came
up, which was the biil of Mr. Bell for securing tho
freedom of elections.
Mr. Bell concluded his speech yesterda3', in the
course of which be referred to the number of dis
missals that had been made for opinion's sake.
There bad been, he had been told, some ten or
twelve hundred. If ail bad not been dismissed,
there had been enough to intimidate the rest. It
was true, he said, that during the last tit ctioneer
nig campaign, it had been declared before the peo
ple that ihe charge was a calumny against ihe ad
ministration, but men high iu the party had under
taken to justify to him the course of proscription
adopted. It was justified, he said, by all ifood
party men. A gocl party man he considered o:.e
j w ho regarded neither honor nor conscience, when
conflicting with the wishes of the Hirty. They had
contended, he said, that no party could be heid to
gether except through Hieh means that is, bv
means of bribery and corruption.
No free government, said Mr. Bell, can stand
where such principles and uch practice prevail.
He was struck with wonder and amazement that
they did not see to w hat it must Ie.id. What j. i;
It compels every public officer to support, ri.'it or
wrong, every act and measure of the administra
tion; and more than that, if compels him to sustain
ihe candidate of tlie Executive when the E
live choose, as he I ias lately done.
ward a candidate f ir the Presidency. It anoi'-i-lafes
ami renders abortive the great elective fran
chise of the country.
There were, he said, 10(1,000 men, rot all office
holders to be sure, who could and were I roif. ju ,.
the polls, not to vote their own sentiments, ln7t that
of Ihe ollice-ludders and contractors, cVc, by whom
they were employed, and through v.hom thev .-ot
their bread. In several of the" States, at ihe late
election, tl e votes of the ollV. e holders alone could
decide the election accordingly as flay were cast.
It was, he continued, a high misdemeanor in any
officer of the Government to use his otficial Mutual,
direct.'v or indirectly, to ir iiuence th? elections.
31 r. Bel! also wad an vxtr u t from a ihidJct oi
ihe f'V der:i list u rittxn l.- It. If... I: .
- "" .hi. .Urtuison, 10 SNOW
w hat he t hought of a President w ho would cismist,
and appoint to office for electioneering motives.
Mr. Bell referred to what he had seen state! it
the public prints and never seen denied, una. what U
had also seen otherw ise e r. (breed : that m Xew
York, as well as in this city, there was laid a sort of
percentage on the salaries of certain officer., to b
empleyrd in lcti.rnecrit.g. If he had U :t mis
informed, he hoped some member would correct
him. If it were true, ho said, it exhibited a deoree
of degeneracy anil corruption 10 the pubhc morals
fbr w hich he was not prepared, and which ouht 10
alarm every friend to the country. He Jio-d that
the fact could le eor.trashcted.
Ti e President himself, Mr. Bell said, had come
forward lie fore the country
as an eh cf lone rer,
!.... rf.ftl... EX. II .1
I cillll II liic 111:11 W OU ill " I Ve t C O Ii tft 11 1) I ? " With
; mission 10 serei lor H?rsons and papers he would
t pledge himself to prove all lhat had been l h.
nis colleague, Mr. JVvhvi, tl. S)1i,;(.rt. T!
Hers of the President had pro; ec u a
He had seen, Mr. Be!! siid, Ihe rued of one can
didate suddenly turn around and h. come lis vitu
ier.itor, and array himself with tiie partisans of the
other candidate. He had seen another friend, dis
regarding all his promises and piedges, violite even
his own personal honor. He had seen rsnoher, too
weak to resist the temptation offered, andihen h.o
d-stiiute (f courage to accept when ofieredto him,
the very office by the promise of which he had
been bribed lo betray his friend.
As an instance of the part taken bv tie office
holders iu the election, Mr. Bell referrrd to the
fhet lhat in the delegates to a conventiai of the
field in Iew 1 OIK. there u,.r 1. .......
.. - . t , ,
posi msiers anu in me delegation to tie Balti-
more Convention, from several States the r aior't"
known itHc"-seker.. '
Mr. Bell tiien eonlraed tlie leerisl-.tinn r rt
Ltrifain with that of the IIniie,f sj.,. - ,r.
j to the preven
'li.nw tr. !:..!;-
- -o, in remn-'o
ntion of othcial ii.Ohot.ic. ;.. ,iw.
-. . if t ct. w
anient. He shotted il.,i
by one law, the Kngiish Parliament had eWrtV
fraud, s, d 40.0011 .f ti.o . tr. i.. , 7.,
fernm. nt, ,o prevent their' utc iidluVnce tn the
. elecfior.. This, said h , - , V
ie-iiisiimen may wet I nnm.
- - - - - - . -. .......
r-i , . .
gia and Alabama from imputations cast upon them
on account of the frauds practised on the Indians.
Who was responsible', said be, for these frauds?
Not the ciriyns I i.eoro-iri .ru! 1 I..K- ... I-.... l.
Government." Thoe frauds owe rU. J,i,;n ,
i toe looi.ui ist-r,iuo.is, i !io- i'srraiH -ns were
.1 i .... i . .
not iu the Mrit treaty. They were put iu the e-